The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on March 9, 1892 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 9, 1892
Page 4
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OTPEfc DES MOINES: ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MAftOH 9,1892, 1H9, The Upper Des Moines BY INGHAM & WAKREN. f«rmi of th* Upper fie* Koines: Ohdeopy, one year ,....11.50 OB* copy, six months 75 One copy, three montho 40 Sent to any address at ftbote rates. Eemlt by draft, money order, express order, orpostal note at our rink. Rates of advertising sent on application. Republican Comity Convention. A. convention of the republican electors of Kotlsuth county will be held at the courthouse Ball In Algona, loa., on FRIDAY, MARCH 11, 1808, for the purpose of selecting nine delegates to represent Kossuth county in the state and eonKieSBlonal conventions to be held in Des Monies on the 17th day of March, 1802, for the purpose of selecting delegates to the national convention. The eomtnUteoinen In the several townships are requested to call their caucuses tor Thursday, March 10. The representation to which the several townships will be entitled will be as follows: One dele/rate for each township and one additional delegate for every twenty-flve votes or fraction of thirteen or over cast for Hiram C. Wheeler for governor at the general election held on Nov. 3, 1801. Algona— Fir No. Del. Irst ward..., 4 Second ward -5 Third ward 3 Portland 4 Fourthward 4 Hurt fi Buffalo. 2 Cresco 3 Fenton.... 'i Springs union.. eld Greenwood 0 Swea a German... ,2 Sherman 2 Giirflold ,2 Hebron. '2 Harrlfton 2 Irvlngton .4 Whtttemore Total number of delegates 90 . Convention to be called to order at 1 p. m. 0. M. DOXSKB, County Chairman. No. Del. Lotts Creek 2 Luverne 4 Ledyard 3 Plum Creek 3 Prairie. Ramsay n Rlverdale 2 Seneca 2 2 3 Wesley ............. 6 Calls for Primaries. Second Ward—Thursday evening, March 10, at the Wigwam, at 7:30. B. F. Reed, Com. 'Third Ward—At Normal hall on Thursday Evening, March 10, at 7:30. .1. B. Wlnkel, Com. Fourth Ward—At the sheriff's office, Thurs• day evening, March 10, at 7:30. E. H. Clarke, • Com. Cresco—At the J. B. Jones school house on Thursday, March 10, at 4 p. m. O. A. Potter, Com. Portland—At the Fox school house, March 10, at 4:00 p. m. B. Bacon, Com. Irvlngton—At Lloyd school house, March 10, at 4 p. m. A. L. Belton, Com. Burt—At the Burt school house, Thursday, March 10, at 4 p. m. John Kerr, Com, Whlttemore—At the school house, Thursday, March 10, at 7:30 p. m. N. L. Cotton, Com. PRESIDENT UAUUISOX. The State Register wants Iowa's delegation to the Minneapolis convention instructed for Blnine, in spite of his letter declining a nomination. It is probably true that Iowa is for Elaine. Had he written no letter the delegation would have been for him without instructions. It may be that Iowa still wants Elaine, and that the delegation will give him a vote out of pure good will. But it is not likely that Elaine will accept a nomination even if Iowa and enough other states should unite to • offer it to him. And in this event it is important to have Iowa's delegation instructed to represent Iowa's sentiments. Iowa is for President Harrison. . And inasmuch as there are rumors that this and that will be put together to defeat the president's nomination, it is much more important that the delegation be instructed for Harrison than for Elaine. The Harrison administration has been ( a credit to the nation and to the republican party. Elaine's nomination would have involved no criticism on it, for Elaine's name is associated with the most important measures which will be in issue this fall, and Elaine's enormous personal popularity would have removed any suspicion of intentional slight to the president. But aside from Elaine no man can be mentioned whoso nomination would not involve an undisguised slight to the president. This he does not deserve, for as an executive officer he has never boon surpassed, and his strength today with the masses of the people is second to none, if Elaine's personal following be oxceptedl If the Iowa delegation can nominate Elaine, well and good. But in any event Iowa's 1 delegation should leave no stone unturned to ronominate Harrison if Elaine is not in the race, as ho undoubtedly is not. Whatever else is done, Iowa's commendation of President Harrison should be unreserved, and be promptly and effectively expressed. plank the meaning of which, was that the republican party Is an object of suspicion on general principles, and that all temperance workers should take the first reasonable opportunity to organize on their own hook. A hot debate followed in which on the whole the anti-republicans hnd the worst of it, although the following resolution was finally adopted: " That wo regard the question of prohibition in Iowa as paramount to any political Issues now at stake and Will hereafter give our suffrage or influence to no individuals or organizations that are not true to prohibition." The sensation created by the Des Moines News consisted of a charge that the Gatch bill is the result of a conference in which J. S. Clarkson, Senator Allison, Senator Mack and others participated before the election, and at which it was agreed to have Wheeler defeated, and save the legislature and then defeat prohibition. The value of this sensation, like most others, becomes less the more it is investigated. Senator Gatch explicitly denies any such meeting, Senator Mack likewise, while at tbe time it is alleged to have taken place Mr. Clarkson was in Washington. The News tries to establish Mr. Clarkson'a connection now through an interview with him which was published some time ago. But this is rather far fetched. The fact that Mr. Clarkson believed that some change should be made in the prohibitory law, as indeed many Vepubllcans did and do now all over Iowa, is very far from being proof that he attended a Des Moinesdinner party where it was agreed to slaughter Wheeler together. and prohibition J. O. Reaver's Knoxville Express says free coinage 5s all right as soon as the government will give $40 for $30 cows and £i for 83 hogs. Senator Aldrich expresses the opinion that free silver will pass both houses of congress. President Harrison will veto the bill. no Iowa governor has done all he could to enforce tbe law it is correct. When Gov. Men-lam told the sheriff of Ramsey eouri- ^ that if the advertised prize fight in St, Paul cftme off he would remove him from bis office, he showed what a governor can do if he hat the determination. A governor with a little Jaclrsonlan determination could dose every saloon in Iowa. the bill giving aid to farmer?' Institutes has passed both houses of the legislature. Twenty legalizing acts have; passed, and congress has been memorialized three times, and that is the sum of legislation at Des Moines thus far. There is talk of adjournment March 23, but no one expects it. One thing it will pay not to lose sight of. Senator Gatch has more honest interest in maintaining the honor of the republican party and of the state of Iowa than all the B. F. Wrights this side of kingdom come. The legislature can profitably vote down the Gatch bill, without joining in any wolf chase led by windbags of the Wright order, And now the Cedar Rapids Republican changes to a six-column quarto. It is a big improvement. The town and county elections in New York are held in the spring. The returns are just in, and show uniform and surprising republican gains. Hill's methods are killing his party. The Emmetsburg Democrat says: " When you buy foreign-made articles, you help to support workmen and workwomen, whose residence helps to swell the population and whose earnings help swell the wealth of remote localities. When you buy the home-made article you help increase both the population and prosperity of your own town. You need not be told which is the better." If this is true when Emmetsburg's factories are considered why is it not time when Iowa or even the United States is the field in view? IN THIS NEI&HBOBHOOD. Livermore Gazette: Geo. Howard of Algona was in town Tuesday, Senator Funk has traded his residence in Spirit Lake for a farm. la our senator going to turn farmer? Emmetsburg is to have a big shooting tournament March 23-25, Budd and Marshall, crack shots, will attend. West Bend Journal: Dr. Livingston of Bode and Dr. Pride of Algona were in town yesterday to assist Dr. Bachman in a difficult surgical operation. Emmetsburg Reporter: Presiding Elder Black captivated his listeners at the M. E. church, last Sunday morning and evening. He is a very earnest, clear and convincing speaker. Two train loads of 20freightcars each besides coaches arrived at Corwith last week bearing Illinois families, who have located. Corwith met them with the band, and was in gala attire in honor of their coming. Hampton Recorder: H. A. Clock's household goods have arrived from Algona, and he is taking possession of the house owned by Mrs. W. H. Crawford on the corner of Sixth and Bridge streets, occupied the past year by L. Stam. Estherville Republican: J. Harvey Mathers, founder of the Swan Lake Mercury, is on the road for a New York nursery, so says THE UPPER DES MOINES. TheTJ. D. M. doesn't say what kind of a nursery but if we remember rightly J. Harvey would hesitate a long time before attaching himself to a nursery unless it be kind. of the fruit tree Both republicans and democrats nominated candidates at Sioux City, and then au independent movement sprung up and elected a mayor after the hottest fight ever held. It was a question of economy in city expenses. PUOIIIHITIOX AT HE8 JNIOINES. The past week at Des Moines has been one of interest in temperance matters. Firstly, the Gatch local option bill was up in the senate. Secondly, the state temperance alliance hold a meeting and resolved various things. Thirdly, the News made charges as to the origin of the Gatch bill which have excited acrimonious discussion. The interest in the Gatch bill has not been • BO much concerned with its merits or demerits, or with the defenses of it offered by Senators Gatoh and Browor, as it has with the possible passage in both houses. At first it was certain to pass the senate. Then it leaked out that Schmidt, Bolter, and other democrats would not support it. Then it appeared that they were not positively opposed to it. At first it was rumored that enough republicans in tho house would vote for it to insure its passage. Then it appeared that no republican in the house would break away. And so the reports have gone out exciting varying charges and denials, and all ending in a strong probability that it will not pass both houses. The fueling among republicans in the lower house is un- .doubtedly represented by Mr. Chase, who said: "The cause of prohibition is absolutely safe. I am as good a republican as over. I would rather sec the republican parly go down before I would break my plodgefor prohibition," The meeting of tho State Temperance alliance was harmonious enough , till it,came to tho resolutions. Hero i third party people tried to got a Carroll elected a republican mayor on Monday. Tho papers in Senator Finn's county which published Belvel's attack on him are under criminal indictments. The editors will undoubtedly have the pleasure of visiting tho jail. "Hill's Latest Trick" is the way the Dubuque Telegraph refers to his refusal to take his salary as senator for that part of his torin that elapsed before he was sworn in. The Telegraph correctly says that if Hill hud refused from any honest motive he would not have taken what salary he did, as he has not been in his seat a third of the time since ho was sworn in. Hill is too cheap for tho Telegraph, and the Telegraph is pretty democratic at that. J. Fred. Meyers in his letters from Washington discusses tho attempt to remove the tariff on wool. Ho says it will make u deficit of $80,000,000 in national revenues, unless homo industries are absolutely destroyed and all our wool and woolen goods imported. • *• M. F. Healey is proposed as democratic candidate for congress in this district. Ho is a fine orator, and would make a lively canvass. Senator Allison says Harrison will be renominated. Livermore Independent: Tom. Sherman in the banking business at Bancroft and of the hardware firm here, J. P. Sherman & Co., came down Saturday evening for a little visit, and his physique indicates that banking is as nourishing a business as one need to have Miss Annie Wernet of Algona spent a few days last week here visiting her brother Charles and family. Blue Earth Post: W. H. Ingham, a pioneer and successful business man of Algona, accompanied by a relative, Col. S. R. Ingham of Now York, renewed old acquaintance with some of our people Wednesday. Both gentlemen were familiar with this section in pioneer times, W. H. having made the trip up the Minnesota and Blue Earth rivers when a lone settler at the place where Garden City is now located was the extreme southern limitof population. He says that even at that early date he considered the country between Blue Earth City and Winne*bago the best he ever saw, and has never changed his mind. It is reported that Andrew Leedahl who killed a man in a drunken row at klrnore three weeks ago, is losing his mind and has to be guarded. He lives in this county and is with his family having been released on $5,000 bail The Blue Earth Post says: "It was apparent to those who watched him closely while he was confined in the county jail at this place, that he was suffering great mental agony, and in consequence his physical strength was rapidly giving away. He was a perfect ftecofd may as well come down early. The next senator from Iowa will be a ttan who was a union soldier, Webster City Herald: It seems almost incredible that the Algona UPPEH DES MOINES should fall Into the error of saying that Dolliver would have no opposition in his candidacy for a third term In congress. The brilliant editorial writer on THE UPPER DBS libiNES, always Well posted on the political situation, is sadly "off" for once. Wheh tfie convention meets Dolliver won't be " in It." Webster City Herald: A Washington special to the Register says that ex-Congressman A. J. Holmes has left for his home and Will enter the race for the congressional nomination In this district. Maj. Holmes' record in congress is one of which he can well be proud, and his candidacy will be received In the most friendly spirit by his friends in tbe Tenth district. There will be three or four strong, able men competing for the honor of representing in the " big Tenth" in the national house of representatives. Hon. Jno. L. Kamfar of Hamilton, Maj. A. J. Holmes of Boone, ex-Speaker Albert Head of Jefferson, Judge Connors of Crawford, and Hon J, P. Dolliver of Webster, are the ones most prominently mentioned in this connection. The following Washington specials in yesterday's Register settle the question of Major Holmes' position: Major Holmes will not be a candidate for congress. He will give Mr. Dolliver his earnest support. This insures Boone county for Dolliver. Holmes had many friends here who will work hard for Dolliver and give him a walk-away. * * * Ex-Congressman Holmes left tonight for Chicago. Before leaving he said: "You were misinformed concerning my alleged candidacy to.suc- ceed Congressman Dolliver. I am not a candidate nor in any way antagonizing Mr. Dolliver, with whom I am on most cordial and friendly terms. I am not a disappointed office seeker, and have had none of my political wishes left ungratified. I am engaged in private business which engrosses my attention, and with which I am fully content." The first official announcement of a congressional candidate against Mr. Dolliver is that of John L. Kamrar of Webster City. The Freeman makes his announcement, and says: "Hon. John L. Kamrar of this city, who has received strong support in two former conventions in the district, has decided to be a candidate this year, and will ask his friends to support him for the nomination. Ex-Senator Kamrar is well known throughout the district as a strong man, mentally and physically; a gentleman of high character and of great energy, and as a republican of steadfast purpose and the most loyal devotion to the principles and policies of his party. Hamilton county republi- licans will, without question, rally to his support, and send to the congressional convention a united delegation that will use all honorable means to secure his nomination." Mr. Kamrar is well known in Kossuth and has many warm friends, but we believe, as we said last week, that Kossuth will send a delegation for Mr. Dolliver, now that Judge Carr declines to enter the race. A resolution passed both houses of tho legislature lust week urging congress to provide for electing United States senators by popular vote. It was almost unanimously supported by both parties. Tho Gate City, in discussing Col. Clias. A. Clarke, rofor» to him us "a professional and undisguised champion of rail- rood interests." In a sense Col. Clarke is a railroad lawyer. But wo think It 1» a mistake to Include him with such rnon an Judge Hubburd, Judge Cook or John F. Duncouibo, us u corporation defender. Col. Clurko has never been' a railroad lobbyist nor ii distinctively railroad utUjrnoy, Ho has, In fuel, been against railroads a»inuc,l> as for them. Tho Nevada Ilcprew.-ntativo him somed out into a big »even-column paper with patents. After running - M M eigh- column home print, It ban dwdded that patents urn worth all ttifty coat, 'n.o j«jp. rcMiuntutivuiitun aUy-(xl!u*l picture of dispair, and it was the opinion of those who saw him every day that, did his friends not succeed in securing his release on bail, it would be doubtful if he lived until the June term of court. If the report of his insanity be true, it adds one more life to be charged up to the account of Kins' Alcohol." b Emmetsburg Democrat: Yesterday a Norwegian named Geo. Donaldson from Filmore county, Minn., arrived in this city from tho east and immediately went to tho office of Attorney O'Connor and employed him as counsel to defend him against a charge of murder, paying him $10, Donaldson said that a few days ago he went out on a trip with his brother and two others andthat they all became intoxicated. He found his way homo at u late hour but his brother was unable to walk and fell In tho snow ino next morning when ho sobered up he went to look for his brother and found him dead with his face in a small pool of water. Tho brother George was at once arrested but when the coroner's jury returned thoir verdict, ho was let go again. Ho loft for Dccorah and yesterday morning found his way to this city. Ho says a warrant has again boon issued for his arrest for tho murder of niB brother and that ho was afraid to go back. Mr. O'Connor persuaded hirr to no home at once und await develop montH. Ho loft on lu B t ' ' " bound WHAT LEDYABD IS DOING. A State Register Correspondent Tells About tho Boom Up North. Articles of incorporation have been filed incorporating the State Bank of Ledyard, on the Chicago & Northwestern railroad in the northern part of this county, with a capital stock of $25,000. The incorporators are as follows: Wm. Weimer, Frank Weimer, John Weimer, Frederick Finn, E. G. Rich, Thomas Hollis, R. B. Ballard, and A' Drake of Radcliffe, Iowa; G. H. Wisner, Julia A. Wisner, C. E. Albrook and J. D. Newcomer of Eldora, Iowa- and W. H. Woods of Iowa Falls, Iowa The incorporators are erecting a commodious bank building and will open for business by tho 1st of April. They will transact in connection with their banking business an extensive real estate, loan, and insurance business. Ledyard is a new town which was started last year, and now has a good lumber yard, elevator, three general stores three agricultural implement houses, drug store, harness shop, restaurant, butcher shop, two hotels, and two real estate offices, The town is located in the heart of a good country and is rapidly improving. Parties wishing to make investments will do well to look this country over before investing elsewhere. FABMEES AT WEST BEND. A Good Programme for Saturday. March ll)-The Subjects*. The Palo Alto farmers' institute will bo hold at the West Bend opera house Saturday of next week. C, G. Wright sends us the programme, which is: Address of Welcome, Mayor S. P. Crossman. Kesponso, E. P. McEvoy. . 1{oad Making-Shall Koad Taxes bo paid mcuHhf Philip Dorwoilor and E. P Bur rington, d M°m P .M r ° r Im P rrove <l Machine, . N. Philips and H. Bell. PLEA M BETTER &0 ADS, America's Boftds Ate the Pool-eat of Any in the World—How They May Be Improved. Notable Article from Isaac B. Potter About Roads oh the Continent and How They Are Made. The season of the year is at hand When the farmers of Kossuth loso thousands of dollars by not being able to get to market. Hay ma.y go to $20 a ton, and a stack three miles from the depot will still stand there. Corn or hogs can double and the owner sit helplessly by and see his horses eat their heads off, unable to move a few hundred pounds weight a few miles. Every spring repeats the history of a previous spring, and still we go on with no definite idea of better roads, and with no realizing sense that better roads existany- where. But this year there seems to be some signs of awakening, and the subject of good roads is being 1 agitated. The chief work in the United States is being done by the National Bicycle association, which is publishing a magazine, and in various states legal reforms are being adopted. At the farmers institute this week the subject is one for discussion here at home, and to that discussion THE UPPER DES MOINES wishes to add a few items of information. But very few realize that the United States, in the older states, has the poorest roads of any civilized country in the world. And yet these are the exact words of the commisioner of agriculture, in the following para- raphs aro a few statements from tho very valuble pamphlet entiled "The Gospel of Good Roads," written by Isaac B. Potter, in which he urges action in road reform. * * * Mr. Potter attributes the growing difference in the prosperity between the towns and the farms to poor roads. He says: J'The American farmer has nerve, vigor, ambition, industry, good soil, good climate and every natural facility for the successful pursuit of agriculture, but the average American farm is a lonely institution. Its owner is separated from his neighbors, largely denied the many social advantages which belong to people who are able to mingle with each other from day to day, and kept at home from many gatherings, social, political and religious, from which he might receive both pleasure and benefit. His sons desert the farm for the more profitable and enlightened conditions of city life, and the allurement of profit which is held out in every community of successful farmers is not so conspicuous in the United States today as to entice our farmers sons from the greater promise of success offered by mercantile occupations. Farm property is no longer in active demand, and investments, which in other years would have sought the security afforded by farm mort^a^es are now directed in other channels. Go to any of the large cities of the union and you will find upon the books of real estate dealers an endless array of notices of farms for sale or to exchange for city property. But I do not intend to digress. It will interest you to know more about the roads of France In that country there is no such adversity between the the material progress of the farmer and that of the merchant —between the country and the town— as is found in this country. The' farmers prosper and have always prospered. Lvery dollar spent by the French government to bring itself more closely in touch with its rural population has been well invested. You remember that terrible war, when, from Prussia, the king, the warrior and the statesman led the German legions across the breadth of the French empire and forced the capitulation of Paris, and how the brave Frenchmen were humill- ated by _ the exacting-terms of peace conquerors imposed. Tho which their immense tribute demanded by the Germans at the close of that years ago, _was made up war, from now 20 moneys contributed in a wonderful degree bv French farmers, and the admiration of the world, which their patriotism excited in the payment of that tribute was not greater than the wonder which everybody felt at the ready thrift which had enabled them to meet such enormous demands." contracts, the work being catrlfed under direction of government enri" neers. In the Netherlands, as la ffj countries already mentioned, the tid* ciple roads &W ittflifitained at the «»' nn-nftA f\t 4-tiA tiflttfea- T*t TX^.l..* ,^~* . "** ense of the In Portugal eai Refefritig again to these stone foafl. under government control, Mr. P 0 ib» says: " The splendid facilities for u moving of travel and traffic over thess improved roads has proved the wto. dom of placing the important roads under the care of skilled englners and workmen, and the object lesson thus taught has borne fruit in wonderful In- provementof the local authorities. Iti« no uncommon thing in France, Baden Germany, Austria or Italy to see loads weighing in the aggregate from three to four times the load hauled by the ordinary farm team in our country while the distances frequently traveled by the Europeon draft horse with these immense loads are so much greater than the maximum attempted by the American farmer as to be almost beyond belief. ThousandB of miles ot these roads exist in Europe; and so jealously are they regarded that no policy of state government seems to be in favor which does not include a proper care for country roads. -Two-wheeled carts are in very common use among the farmers of Europe, just as they are In some parts of our own country. They hitch their horses one before the other, in'tandem'style, and most of their heavy loads aro hauled in this way," li ,~j'iH> # * * Giving a picture of one of our regulation spring roads Mr. Potter figures up what bad roads cost farmers: " There were 10,000 farm horses in your county on tho day when this photograph was taken, and for about four weeks all the county roads had been in just this condition. Teaming was out of the question; to haul a loud to town was impossible, and the 10,000 farm horses stood in their stalls 'eating their heads off. 1 At what cost to the farmer? Assume the cost of keeping each horse is 25 cents a day, including labor, food and all other items, and in half a minute we compute that it costs $2,600 per day, $17,600 per week and exactly $70,000 for the four weeks that these horses have been standing practically idle. A bad road, you seOj is an expensive thing. It is expensive, not alone to the farmers of your county, but to the farmers of the entire country. The average rain-fall in the United States is something over 40 inches per year. The dirt road absorbs these 40 odd inches of water, freezes and thaws, • dries, pulverizes, changes from paste to powder and back again from powder to ^svcy paste, and for weeks at a time is prac- ffSi&t tically impassable. Farm traffic is tied WM \T i " - • • rj. rt J'J 1 V.5'i'i up. You have purchases to: ber to haul, tions to meet, because your taking its annual: a day you look out of your barn door Bi"™ . . . Does It Pay to Koine Horsou for Market? . w. tjtirioi'. with the hope of seeing some struggling vagrant of whom you can inquire, ' how is the road'?'" # * Still further figures of cost are given: "From official government sources. I find that the farmers of this county, in the year 1890, had upon their farms draft animals as follows: Horses, oxen, and mules 63,393,888, valued at $1,721,532,798. Now, to simplify matters a little, you see you have nearly $2,000,000,000 invested in motive power of a perishable, uncertain and expensive kind. Busy or idle these animals must be fed and cared for every day. They are boarders that you can't get rid of when the busy season is over, and it stands you in hand to keep them at work. Two thousand millions of dollars make a large sum. Invested at 5' per cent, interest it would produce nearly $2,000,000 per week. Then you see there are more than 16,000,000 horses, and mules alone, and to feed and care for these it costs the modest sum of $4,000,000 per day. A little while ago a very clever and intelligent citizen of Indiana estimated that bad roads cost the farmer $15 a year for each horse and mule in his service. This means a loss in the aggregate of nearly $250,000,000-, depreciated value of farm lands, $2,000,000,000; total, twenty- three hundred and fifty millions ot dollars." ••> * * * In 1888, in the department of agricultural report, the United States commissioner said: "The common roads of the county are the veins and arteries through which flow the agricultural productions and the commercial supplies, which are the life-blood of the nation; to those great ducts of travel and transportation—tho railroads of the country. While our railway system has become the most perfect in the world, the common roads of the United States have been neglected and are inferior to those of any other civilized country in the world. They are deficient in every necessary qualification that is an attribute to a good road- in direction, in slope, in shape and service, and most of all, in want of repair, deficiences have resulted, not .- . , an ignorance of the true iu , uo Finciples of road-making, but also sun und air and hasten the drying of the • om varied systems of road-build- road after a storm. Then notice the i" 8 ' J , n f , orce in the several states have based their road legislation is known as the 'road tax' system of personal service and commutation, which is un- m ;igt;t SifC l|t< |f I Hr.T i*i* •* $$••• P i< IN pi 2 Its tt-ii-S ftW;;J fg«4 W ff«te2 m P2 m 111 \m *it li 'if? i* m m i'V.S'c I'KifrS Kf$ *** Speaking of French roads, of which thousands of miles are macadamized with stone, Mr " scribes one and 11 li< n-i :'K'^< >r'f '.'•:* -ill ill! says: Potter " The de- road surface is smooth and dry; the tall pop" T1 } ese , ars on either side have boon tninmed °"? y fl ' m to the upper branches so as toletiu the m !Sff mm ymm t-f.iteHjj 'tvMttffl At the afternoon grammo SH: liaising Barley, Does It UBU it, 1'uul Dorwcilw. Grass Pasture, th session tho pro- How to OONGEES8IOHAL MATTEES. A wanhlnL'ton writer to I},,-. Hloiu Uty Journal nayn: Major A. J. Utilitim M-w.-i^cant-at-amw of thohouw,, leaves for fov/a on .Sunday, and U in Btowi that hi, ;//l|| took over the HJtua- atiwii with a view to «f,ying },|» caJ)U . r into tho ring It he. },<: KM nn hy to wipttiro iht: nomination Do) liver. Tho Ktatc never had even u. an honest and the prohibitory law. , J. _. Clovw lam;0 > MUII - I" North wcBtflru Wilcox and Myron Pevvoy, Com Fodder, How to i The Farrnw as it Hu»lncn» Jt'-igitrd. Fut D. M It, C. Man, C. . principle, unjust in its oper- steful in its practice, and nn- as a ] wasterui in its practice, and'un- >»'«r in its results. It is a relic v^il tfftfj* its evil results */ailv the Ontch 1)111, The Woman'* ChriHtian Tomporanci union of Alfc'ona at a recent mooting tho following; heaps of broken stone on each side of tho road. These are used by the workmen in making constant repairs from i day to day, whenever the least imno™ S ?H nd ' fectlon appears. In Belgium also the J? 1 } 8 ' roads are Lilt and maintained bj the f' fltf18 ^ ,- * r - « » » — ^f^lf:, 0 ! 0 !"! 1 ]™ 1 ', "; nd 1" 1880, in the | Sff^ tho " S±V?' m ? U " d " S ? ! "»»" '<*£«? 1>" I !>-T° to *?' ^are "of Munition nation the main roads ~ »v.~.-~....i_... ... supervision of tho Btat aro cared for with a rtudtoqV"^ !£?!?» * ha * t'^Tmportence des^ve^ i ,u n'M,T. roi TT )n1tHoftho/!imop »nd ±L m V, m °/9 rt should be made to nlamUravo . Under the law relating I - O ' n ? d .y, tho defects now existing and lit loiiUH in iiiuloii, tho dutv np tvm?»r talningthc^roads falls arfoLwVTj upon the parish (town) 'Ki'Wit iltt • i.' fi.iv.iSiK nine provinces of Belgium, over 79 per or> of En elandi and its evil results cent, oftho highroads wore of thisoUss, fn 0 tod ,^. "Pparent in the neglected and tho entire length of hlgh-qlass roads lU - condl ti°ned common roads of the &*£» ^^ 8h .4*V oT': ™& JU' 'M.4-tion AS S quarter each und district (couniy) in wfilch teh , uniform i I tho existing and that could be made the states of Hesso- Army Hoys iu West Uend. The West Bend Journal says that the .<!Mi bw!oino 0 TO imiWKU h to^uiTO toasts" 1 - - it tho Wl of the iloKulnt of ?ub- scve " tf have programme, consist- eches, responses to ninnof i ••••;" tobteaux. pathetic and ivmusing incidents of tho war, inter- S S ° d £', lth voc ' u and instrumental music, iho committee on arrange- assurance that from abroad will be

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