The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 26, 1893 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, April 26, 1893
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THE WPJfifc DES MOINES, ALGONA, loWA, APRIL 26. 1893. A BOY WHO KAN AWAY. A Modern Version of Ihc Prodigal Son- "Domoii Dick, tfhe Destroyer." I have yet t,o meet a man who did not, during his eventful career us ;i small bo.y, olllior run away from home or seriously contemplated doing BO. Those who did run away aro singularly unanimous in the declaration that (hoy were Sony for It later. Those who didn't elope Avitih- themselves assert that it took thorn a long time to learn to be glad that (hey did not venture forth at a tender ago to try the freedom in ftnd conclusions with this bright world of ours, wherein the prodigal has such a tough-time of it. There are various things which tompt a boy to hie forth from the fireside of a happy, happy home and, distress his goods parents by consorting with the swlnet of which tills Avorld is, to a considerable extent, made up. The principal reason is that there is, as a rule, 110 reason. For the boy is just a boy, and a boy is full of discontent and the devil, and uterly Irresponsible for anything his erratic think-tank may Impel him to do. AVcro It otherwise, he wouldn't be a boy. Ho would be a sweet, clean, proper little girl, and would say "please," and "thank you," and "Nome," and would grow up and bo afraid of mice and things, yet would take up with and many some great • big brute of a man, Avho wiis somewhat less dainty about his table-manners than a mouse or even a a Berkshire. But boys are boys, as I've heard people say several times—that is they'll boys when tlhoy are not howling fiends or when they are, throwing snowball Or engaged In that fetching rep'artet for which the youth of our land Is si justly renowned—at which times til. begger description and a well-stookcc vocabulary of explentlves. •But speaking of small boys ninnlne, away, They will do it, some of them if they get a chance. The others,wll plan to run away, if they don't go further. I don't know of any way to prevent small boys thinking of running away, but there is one good scheme to. lay on tliose who attempt to carry out their plans—a. scheme that has been successfully triad hundreds of times. hare it so.- Dick quickly kissed his "That makes m'o iMnk of a fcllar mother and sister and walked away as I knowed wen 1 was a kid," said Hank t tiliough going to school, but he did not as he took a successful shot at the go. Instead, by sonic strange fatality, grasshopper. "He was a- good kid, but Ills feet led. him to the storo, where sort o' wild-like, an' he skinned out .one he loafed around waiting for a chance day and went over here in N'brasky, to strike his father for "two bits." But up in th' Keya, Palia kentry. Fust thing the occasion was inopportune. Dick, wo knowed, back 'is remains 'thout no senior, was very busy, and school-time skolp. Tlr* Injuns 'd tuk that* an' fil- camo and was full half an hour gone led Mm full of holes. That there Keya when he raised his eyes and beheld Paha kentty's jes' lousy 'th Injuns, an' his only son standing nigh. Forthwith, they're bad aigs, ev'ry one of 'cm—soon-* being slightly out of temper, he entered or skclp a man, 'n't eat 'n you'know Into a discussion with the Demon as to how they be on eatin.' " , ' why the latter was not at school. The Demon Dick the Destroyer, did not argument presently became a heated feel quite well. He thought ho would one, the Damon's dignified remarks, walk around a bit so he strolled back of such a character as became one of toward the kitchen, thinking, as lie his future igrcatncss, Ill-suiting the plain did so that it was about time for school mind of the everyday business man who to let out, and wondering what the Ji/ul been selected by fortune as tho folks at. home were doing, sire of this noble youth. Hose he, then, "Hullo, Master Dick," said Mrs. Hog- and smote the Demon hip and thigh, ah* Vho was ironing in the kitchen, "an and cast lihn forth with harsh words ain't ye after goin' aiiny further the* and a lift In the rear; whereat the Dem- day ?' oil's peace of niiud was disturbed, and Dick told her his pony was lame, and he Avas wroth; and he hasted away to ha thought he L -would wait, until the cany into execution his plans of -fleeing, next day. He wondered, with a sink- An hour later a solitary horseman, lug heart, if he could manage to get might lhavc been seen wending his Avay Mrs. Hogan to wait for her pay until along the road which led toward the ho had had a chance to etlru sometMug. glorious, boundless, trackless, gmbless "An* how Is ycr ina, Masther DickV" West. It Avas Demon Dick, the Destroyer. , naked the landlady, as she shook out a damp tablecloth. "Shuro my bye, His head was bowed in thought, and its ycr ma thats th' foiue lady. Manny ever and anon a grim smile tllticd across an" mauny r.h' toimo'olvo said. ut. An' yur pa too. hey do be I'CAV min loike yur pa. An' it's yur sisther thats git- ting 1.' be a SAVttte. 1 young ledy. O'im thinkin* Master Dick, that y'rc th? Demon Dick (heard feet-prints ap- lucky bye, wkl yur pa, and yiir ma an' his mobile features. He was planning his first raid. It involved dinner. •.•• ••• Ha! That is to aid and abet and otherwise forward tho would-bu-rover plans foi escaping. Make him believe you want Ihlni to go. Then, of course, with the perservity of youth, he Avill cling to the old homestead as though he had but just returned to it after an absence of years. I-started to tell about a boy I kneAV very AA'ell, who got the roving fever once upon a time. He was, at flint period, about 12 years old I believe. The last- two yea.i-s of tHiat time woi'a spent mostly in the mental contemplation-of his bright young self in the role of Demon Dick tho Destroyer, or Wild-eyed Willie, the Death-dealing Cataclysm of the Plains; and about the timo of which I write ho had already organized u baud of daring kindred spirits- Avho met in the loft of tlie barn, had a pass-word and a grip, and spoke of "bl—lood" and "spoils." Oh, he Avas a, fierce youth, tin's young gallant, and of our Incipient youths of the border he wns one of the most bloodthirsty. Tho time came Avhen he felt he could no longer remain where, he was. The environments of civilization , wore stifling his wild, freo spirit, and the confinement of the IOAV, vulgar, schoolroom was shattering his neives. He attended t!ho public schools, and the trouncing he got one afternoon for shirking work was administered to him in the open, democratic Avay, which used to obtain in those institutions. The young woman, aged 9, on whom ho hod set his affections, and Avhom be intended to Avcd when ho should return, traesure-ladcn, from his glorious career as a AA-ild AA'est freak, witnessed his downfall, and — snickered. This, alas! wns too much, even for our Jiero. What, IIOAV, was homo to him? What cared ho for the world, BO long as Marie had seen him licked, and had,—oh, cruel one!—smiled to see the cloud of dust; rise from his panties whenever the teacher smote him? Ah —h! Ho Avould go forth into the wide, world nevermore to return. Perhaps ho was gone, and would miss his sunny smile and cheerful voice. Maybe they— . Down the cheek of Demon Dick, the destroyer rolled a. tear, Avhich fell into tho hay. D. D. tho D. rose from his Beat in tlie loft, and dashed his hand proudly across :his eyes, finishing the job Avith his sleeve. Ho Avould not weaken, not bo!—not. oven for the sake of Her the faithless ono. Demon Dick, the future terror of fho plains, lay tiwako a great deal that night, making his plans for escape from tilio thraldom Avhich encompassed him. He was not asleep, though he protended to bo, Avhon his mother came in and kissed him and softly called him her 'precious boy," as she always did before retiring. It. Avas not always "precious boy," but; it Avas always something just as sAveot; and Demon Dick thought of this AA'ith a very undomonhical lump in his throat. But. his stem resolve was taken. He would not Avaver. lio Avould ily. lio would not tly to-nighl, because-'- Avell, though more romantic, it \\- M s night, and that timo of day is discouraging to even the most daring spirit's of Disk's ilk. Besides, 'lie cnnld not Ily without his 'changer," and dial .sieed the gonil<>, knee-sprung winil-brokin creature known to tho household MS "Fanny," and privately called by Dick "Thunder-' bolt," was at this moment champing (choAVing'), fretting (gently wliisknig her tail), plunging (standing still) in iho preaching. sisther, all a.v 'cm so kind an' good. '"Sdenth!" lie ,-muttered between An' O'im surce yo'll bo appracyciatin' his clenched teeth as he reached to thlm yurself, Masthcr Dick. Sure, its ascertain it' his trusty 22-callber revol- I'CAV boys thit liav sieli koind payrents." ver "Avenger" wns ready to hand. "Ha! "Yes," said Dick vaguely. There was Perchance it be the minions of mo <i ! lump in liis ''throat, and he thought father come to return mo to his clut- ho would go out and talk to Famiie. dies. It shall never be—I'll die first!" He forgot to think of her as Thmiderr Tho feet-prints—thcj were the hoof- bolt. But Fanny did not prove good prints of a gigantic black charger—came company so he wandered out and nearer and nearer. Demon Dick raised his liload glanced behind him. His keen grasped the situation at once. A horseman was approaching. .walked down tho road. It Avas hot and and dusty and 'lonesome and there was eye 1 nothing to be seen but prairie, prairie, prairie. It was tiresome and Dick I became very lonely. He thought of Dc-nom Dick aAvaited in cold silence- tiio boys playing marbles in the shade proA*ions day, was' also glad. He said nothing about fatted prodigals \or returned calves (Dick, senior, would have his little joke occasionally), but l\c and Dick had an interview, after iwhlbh' the"- whilom Demon was sentenced to three days in bed on a diet of j bread and water. ' The bread and writer diet •strike Dick as being just the thing to feed a returned prodigal on, bxit the bed part was all light, for in the interview between the two Dicks, a long, thick, UicaA-y, homely, darkeompledcd trunk-strap had taken a leading part. It. L. Ketchum. ffld not for the horseman, to overtake him. of the trees in front of the house am He knoAV not, the rider on tho black began to wish he was Avith them. Oiorso, and muttered to himself: "Tis Well!" This Avild, free life on the plains Avas not, fro'm what he Iliad been able to sci And thus it wns that Demon Dick of it ',all that his fancy had painted fell in with a kindred spirit. i The afternoon Avas a long, dreary one At last Demon Dick believed him to f or Dick. be a kindred spirit, or a sort of one. 1'he sliadOAVs began to leughten, and Tlio man AA'as a COAV hand, employed 011 could see and hear the cows com- ranch in the Keya Palm country, and iug home. He returned to the house Avas bound that way. Dick told him and sat doAvii to supper, but lie conkl tlrnt he AATIS an orphan and had run not cat much. He was not very hungry aAvay from a cruel "guardian," and; aud, besides, Barney Toole and Hank Avanted to go Avest and be a coAA-boy for! told several interesting stories about a time at least until ho could fit himself runaway boys, and Mrs. Hogan kept for greater tilings. calling Dick's parents and his home to Curiously enough, the man wns on', mind with sundry complimentary com- tho lookout for an orphan boy AA'ho had ments. run away from his "guardian," and ho After supper Dick sat around for a assured the Demon that if he Avould h'ttle AA'hilc. His spirits were less high come up in the Keya Paha country he by several degrees than they liad been Avould soon bo the hero of many dimo in the morning, and he did not feel lovels. So, as they' rode woshvard, Quito Avell. He hoard the landlady and tho Demon made arangemeuts to go the hired girl enter the parlor and light with his new-found friend. It was stip- the lamp. The chirp of tlic frogs and ulatqd that he should have a. buckskin the crickets, and the gloom of tho suit, a sombrero, a 'circus" pony, a Win- gathering night, as well as the 'smudge' Chester, a revolver, and a bOAVie-lcnife, built to keep away the mosquitoes, nid should not bo restricted as to the were very dispiriting; so as Dick heard mmber of Indians he killed or the num- the hired girl say something about >or of beautiful maidens ho rescued music he went in and sat beside Mrs. Tom the clutches of scheming villlans., Hogan In the parlor. There was a fun- By t;he timo they reached Goodiug' uy organ in there AVlthout any keyboard which Avas a city of. one hotel, one and Avith a silly little ship on top if it storo, and ono dAvelllng-house), where that bobbed idiotically and Avont round hey stopped for dinner, Dick Avas quite and round as the hired girl played. She mppy, barring the fact that Thunder- played the organ by stuffing a long >olt. (Fanny) had gone lame on ono foot, strip of paper, full of holes, and pracing ind could not possibly travel fartfher vigorously on the dashboards, AA'hich, aht day, and lliat ho had but 30 cents it appeared, supplied the place of the i.nd Avould have to pay twenty-fiA'a for keyboard. And tfye tune :tho orgai^ lis dinner. played wns "Homo, -vSiwooti Home." lie knoAV the landlady quite AA r ell, The hired girl seemed to like that tune, laving of ton stopped there before, wfliilo Demon Dick the Destroyer, bore it n his Avay Avith Jiis father to Spring- bravely —once. But; wflion the hired •ale Avhero Dick Sr., had a store. Her girl fed the same piece of paper to the mine was Hogan, and she Avas fat, red- oigan, and began to tread out the tune aqcjcl person, without any frills, and n- second time, while'the foolish little reo to confess that: iioitflier she nor tho ship bobbed up and doAvn, he rose hasN ito Mr. Hogan Avas any relation 1o ily, went out into the night, and wept— ho Do TTaugannos, AA-ho claimed descent Avopt bitter, scalding, homesick tears, or William the Conqueror. She did not l.v'ng. there on tiho dew-laden grass Avith sk Dick whore he Avas going, only the unsympathetic moon staring coldly nying: at him. ^ s'-poso you're, a ft lire goin' up 1' After the IIOAV tamed Destroyer had h' stlioro?" and not. Availing for an Avept thoroughly, ho entered the house nsAver, Dick Avond'ered Avhat tho cat- and got a st'unp and an envelope and Ionian told the AvidoAV and big Barney some paper from Mrs. Hogan, and Avroto foolo, (ho wldoAv's brother, to make a-letter, Avhich ho mailed on tho stage hem all laugh so Avhilo he Avas out at. Avhich passed at. 7:80, going to the toAvii ho stable Aviih Thunderbolt, but. a in -where Dick lived. It wns as folloAvs: malntlained a dignified reserve and "Dear Mamma: I Avill be homo at exhibited no desire to vouchsafe them nou tomorroAV. I am all right, so don't ny information about himself. worry. I fear my father and I can't After dinner Dick's now friend, the get along voiy Avell, but I Avill try and cattleman, Avas obliged to go on, as ho bare Avith him for your sake.' Your had bushuiss at; Fort RundiOl, up Hie affectionate son, river, but Dick might join him there Dick." in a day or (AVO, he said, when Thunder- Thon 1)k . k cnllca Mrs> Hogan asi(lo> bolt got over her lameness. And lio ,,,,,1, sUui ,]jng on ono foot mul with rode oft leaving Demon Dick to while 1)is ( , YOS ,j xo(l OI , tho' floor, hn told hoi- aAvay the timo as best he could. SAVED BY A KISS. A .Confederate Officer-.'Who Has a Close • Call But Escapes. Boston Globe: "I AATIS a lieutenant colonel of a Kentucky cavalry regiment," said Colonel John C. Underwood, of Kentucky. "Our command AA'as in East Teiuiessce, and one bright moonlight night I concluded to ride away from camp audt ake a look about the vicinity. I rode several miles and, coming to a farm house, hitched my horse and knocked at tho door. A young Avomaii, tho most beautiful I had ever seen, it seemed to me, appeared after aAvhile and iiwited me in. She and her aged mother Avcre the only occupants of the house, the men of the family being in the Confederate army. WL chatted pleasantly for a fcAV minutes Avlieu my fair hostess arose and said 'Colonel, you ran a great risk in leaving your horse In such an exposed position the Yankee -pickets are all about us I Avill go and put him in the barn. 1 "She. left the room, and after a I'OAV minutes relumed, AA-hen AVC resumed om conversation. Suddenly she started up and listened. 'Colonel, you must go now,' she exclaimed. 'I hear the sound of horses' hoofs; tho Federals are coming!' Kushing out of the door, she led my horse to the back of the house, and I, folloAviug her, jumped on his jack. The most natural thing for me to iaA-e done Avould have been to set spurs to him and get away as soon as possible. But I could not. I Avas young and impressionable, and the situation Avas entrancing. The moon shed a silver light upon tho earth, a gentle breeze AA'as stirring and the rustle of the leaves in the grand old trees AVUS like music to my soul. And amid these enchanting surroundings a beautiful face with tearful eyes looked up into mine, beseeching me to hasten. I could not resist the temptation, and stooping doAvn from my horse, put my arm around her drcAV her closer to my side and kissed her. THE GUM TREES BKAZIIL'S GlUflAT FORESTS RAPID- LY BEING DESTROYED. THE PLANT THRIVES ONLY ON LOW, MARSHY GROUND. The Brazilian Department of Agriculture Urges the Necessity of Cultivating the Rubber Tree in Order to Save It From Extinction—New Kind of Tropical Fanning More Profitable TJinu Any Other. A recent report of the Brazilian de- parcuient of agriculture deplores the rapid destruction of AAiiat tat "As I did so a shoAver of bullets passed over my head. One of them Avent through the rim, of my hat. I Avas in full sight of a company of Federals. No other Avaming AA'as necessary. My horse realized the danger as Avoll as I, and a, race for life ensued. The enemy pressed hard upon me for a. time, and more than once their bullets grazed my head, but fortune favored me, and I at length reached the Confederate lines in safety. Do you Avon- der that I remember AA'hen a kiss saved saved my life?" AN IRISH GIRL ARTIST. Miss Mary Redmond, AA r hose colossal statue to Father Mathew has just been unveiled in Dublin, may claim tho distinction of being the youngest sculptor AA'ho has received commissions for important public monuments. She AAIIS not out of her teens, says the NOAV York Press, when her model Avas se- .ected out of twenty-five designs sent in for the memorial to the late District Inspector Martin Avho AA r as murdered in Donegal. The officers of the royal Irish constabulary gaA r e her the commissions on August 17, 1889, and the completed monument Avas erected he folloAving year in the hall of the officers' quarters in Phoenix park. In 1SS9 Miss Redmond modeled Dwyei Gray and Mr. irindstone, and her next jroat commission Ava,s the present noiiument to Father MathcAv. Her model having Avon the competition, c l:e fortlnvHh fitted up n studio, and sot up her fyi. having loi modnl a 'charity boy" of 20,, named Richard Hunter, whom she had rescued frun starvation. By May, 1891, the colossal clay model Avas ready for tho inspoc- ion of tho committee. The girl artist was aAvaiting the judgment of tho com- nittee. Avhen ono day 011 going to the studio tho lad Hunter, who had resented his dismiss il, met her at the loor and told her ho had "done for lor .statue." The statue Avas, indeed, i ruin, for oven the framework AA r as •ntirely destroyed. The boy Avns on Wednesday, June 10, -1801, condemned o seven years' penal servitude. The iravo girl, having begged for an ox- Dick sat down on (ho piazza wilh W1U | (1 ,.„ , KU . k n ,, st 1hlm ; iu tho , uorn . Barney I oole and the Wred man. Tin in g. He almost Avept dnriiig his ro(,'ital, did not bice Barney and was particular- lmt (Ila llol blv ., k (lowll ulllil k|llll , y opposed to hirod inon, but be felt, Mrs. Hogan patted him on the head and ho must linvo company, so ho, sat and , ola llinl h( , - - J « all about his running away and that he | t (>lislo « «* timo, set. to work with such listened to their talk for a time. "Oi A\W just tinkin'" said Barney, Wiis .,, an' 'twas she that hoped he'd niver do ut again." Then he began to shod tears and Ava.s courtyard (stable). Mr. Patrick Mullltfaii, Avho attended to Dick's nn- aspiring merchant father's horses, slept in tho stable, and Avas averse (very') to being awakened at night by incipient border 'desperadoes or any one else. So Domon Dick decided not to Ily by night, but to hie him forlih in the full glare of day. Ho Avould liavo parted in peace from those ho loved, but his father Avould not as ho loaned back pensively in his big sliu ,.„.,,„, Avhc;lli a li(lle liU( , V) ho 1V11 Avooden chair, "av a bye I knowed asleep in a. sweet .smelling, hot, close, wansl. H(> wor as line a broth av a inosr.uito-inl'estul little room upstairs, bye as ivcr lived, but fli' rovin' spirit Noxt ,,iornin.- at five o'clock, the r in Mm, an ut. AVOI- the roonation av Mm." young man, erstwhile Demon Dick, the Dosti'o.ver, but now plain Dick, "lIoAV was that. ? asked Iho hired very anxious to get home, climbed out Avas Hank, man, whoso nanu he a Avindow, the kitchen roof, Y ' .i.i.j ijtiiiit, .in n\- tjj. n \\IIHI\J\\, iic/i.\)&» iuu aviu:ju.'u spa I some tobacco .(nice at a grashopp- and down to tho ground. No one or about a rod away and put one foot U p yet. so he saddled Fanny himself up on the railiii and rode out of tho yard. Mrs. llogan "Oil sur,' said Baru'oy, "it Avor tho had told him it AVUS all right, about tho rovin' spirit av im poor bye! He'd a bi'll, so that did not Avorry him. lie foine homo, so he had, an' the llnest got into tho road, and tho Avay he made, kind av a fa—al.hrr an' mother, an' l(li' 'Fanny cover the twenty miles between bisi. av iver.vthin' in Hi' world. Bur (Joodlng and home was a surprise to 'twas th' rovin'spirit ho had, poor bye, (hat. mild creature, and Avould have an' 'ho would roon aAvay f'r't seek 'is gotten him into trouble Avitb tho S. P. forthun. 111> Avint out in th' cat lie con- (!, A. folks, if there had been one of thry, an' nixt AVO know'd av Mm he their representatives to see him. Avor kilt be th' kick av a. horse. Oh, of course. Dick's motiher and sister thlm cattle horse do be full o' th' dlvil, Avoro Kind to get him back. Maybe his nn' lis manny tho good mon they've fatlicr, Avho had tho storo closed and , evciy clerk .looking for Dick all the ' indomitable /eal that Avilhln' a month tho figure hind once more taken shape; On May 21, 1802, the committee visited tho studio for tho second time and inspected the completed clay cast, Avliieh they pronounced AA r ould "contrast favorably with any existing portrait, on canvas or in stone." BARKING UP THE WRONG TREE. A. clerical looking gentleman entered an office on loAver Broadway, and approaching tho man at 1he desk and drawing a concealed document said to him: "I am soliciting aid for a-high toned gentleman of refinement and intelligence, Avho is in need of a little money but is too proud to be a burden to his friends." 'IWhat is his warned' afsked tho sifter. "I am not at liberty to disclose his name." "Why, according to your descripe-ion of the man it must be mo you are trying to raise money for. I say, parson, hand over what you have collected for me already."—Texas SifUngs. one time looked upon as inexhaustible forests of India rubber trees, and suggests as a remedy that plantations foi the culth-ation of the trttos be cstab- lishcdi shoAAing at tlie same time, by statistics, tlie enormous profits tliat Avould accrue to the planter. In A-ICAV of the fact that Central and South America, and especially Brazil, arc the main territories upon AA'liich ! tlie commercial world relies for Its supply of crude rubber, this official ,1 statement from the Brazilian department of agriculture becomes worthy of consideration. The large tracts of rubber forests in tho valley of the lower Amazon Iiave been, up to the present time, especially profitable, because they have required the investment of no capital and the employment of but little labor. The SAA-ainp land, where the rubber trcb UiriA'es, requires no cultivation and demands no care. The NOAV York Sun is authority for tilie statement that the tree propagates itself and groAvs rapidly. All that is required for the collection of a harvest is to send men nito the forest to blaze the trees and place receptacles at their base to catch the milk. The causes assigned for the depletion of tho forests are the greed of the lessees of the trees and the carelessness of the laborers. No tree should be blazed more than three times in ono day, and great care should b'o taken in this, so that the hatchet may not cut through the trunk itself, lie the tree is thus Avounded it sloAA'ly Anthers and dies. If the wood is not touched, liowovor, the blazing of the milk-yielding bark does no harm, and one tree willj produce for fully fifty years. If the rield is forced, liOAvever, by too frequent demands upon ono tree, the crop becomes less every year, and in a short time it fails utterly. It is thus CA-ident that an almost inexhaustible supply of rubber may be icriously injured by greedy merchants nnd their careless employes, for the dealer, as a rule rents his rubber- rielding land and cares only for the n-eseut return, AAitli no thought for future production. Another source of "njuiy is the poaching by the natives, ivho wander through the swamps of the ipper 'Amazon, sapping rubber trees for their OAAII benefit, and selling their tolen milk to the traders on the coast. The india-rubber plant thrives only n IOAV and marshy country, and requires main atmospheric temperature of 00 degrees. When transplanted to a. more temperate clime the .tree 1 ceases to yield milk and becomes inerc- y an oramental shrub. In an equat- riai climate, nowever, tne plant tiourisn- es, and vrill make a return in a foAV AA'eeks for the capital invested in its early planting. The preati drawback to planting is that a tree needs a groAvtli of twenty-five years before- it Avill yield milk. In a virgin rubber SAvamp the tree groAA's among others of different species, so that ono man can only care for about ono hundred and fifty' trees, whereas, If it were planted in groves by itself, one laborer could attend to several acres with an average of 540 trees to the acre. It is estimated that 540 wild trees yield seventy pounds of milk per day. This, when dried, 'gives thirty-nve pounds of crude rubber, Avhich is worth $15, so tlhnt the annual yield per aero, at this rate, would amount to $2,250. Seiior Matias Romero, ox-Ministoi- at Wasliinyton, and tho .Brazilian department of agriculture are authorities for the statement that India rubber tree under cultivation Avill yield twice Avhat can be gathered from wild trees in the SAvamps. This statement is based on experiments made .on tlho plantation of Soiior Joachim Antonio do Sylva, 011 tho island of Boca Intonto in the Amazon river, twelve miles above the city of Para. Hens a tract of forty aca-PS, after tAventy years of cultivation, gave the first crop aggregating $500 per month per acre, or a. total of $20,000 for the forty acres the first year that the trees wore tapped. There was an interval of two months allowed for tho trees to rest so tfliat the year really counted but ten months. Other experiments" in the cultivation of the plant have been made at Soconusco, on the boundary lino between Mexico and Gantemala. Young rubber trees Avere transplanted by the Mexican government thirty-fiAje years ago, and they IIOAV each yield 50 pounds of milk annually. This amounts to 27,000 pounds of milk to the acre whidh: reduces itjself to 12,000 pounds Avhon dried into crudo rubber. Tho average-' price of rubber Avould give a return of $0,000 per aero on this basis, Avhich Is double AA'hat is realized from the Avild trees in the Brazilian swamps. Tho official report of tho Brazilian department of agriculture closes with tlie assertion that "neither tea, coffee, cocoa, hemp, indigo, or any other agiicultur.il product is Jas profitable as rubber, tho returns from the cultivation of Avhioli are almost like t4ose of a mine in Bonanza." The great obstacle which has confronted all tliose desirous of fostering the cultivation of ttre rubber tree has been the labor problem. Almost the only- human being able to work in the torrid swamp lands of Brazil is the native Indian, and he will only work a few days of the year, just enoiich to accumulate the few dollars necessary to sustain him. The bent and malaria kill off any white man, wflieth'er native bom or immigrant, who attempts to work in the swamps, imd the traders are therefore compelled to rely on the natives. The Indians know this, and for the most f part go into the swamp on their OAAII account, rob the trees of their milk and sell it to tlie merchants. The Brazilian congress has tried every means of preventing these marauders from invading the SAA'amps, but as yet has been unable to frame any remedy. Lagrely on account of this labor problem the South Americans have given up tho idea of laying out rubber tree plantations. They jlook noAV to the 1 more energetic iNorttln Americans to come doAvn there and invest their capital and energy In the development of tun rubber industry. As an inducement in this direction and to show Avhat could bo done, the local agricultural biu-eau of Formento has drawn up estimates to shoAv AA'hat it would cost to establish a plantation. It is estimated that a crop could be gathered twenty years after tho trees are transplanted, and that the Investment of $411, covering all expenses per acre during that period, would assure a return, after twenty years, of at least $500 per year for each acre planted. But this calculation assumes that tho labor problem has been solved in some way, either that high wages may induce the Indians to work steadily or that coolies may be imported and prove able to stand the climate. Perhaps an easier way to establish a plantation would be to purchase a tract of virgin forest in the Amazon A'alley, to clear away the old trees and tliose of other species and then to care for tho groAATi rubber trees already there. Such a proceeding would take about five years only, but would cost fully four times as much as the first plan. The cost of tho swamp land AA'ould be small, but an acre of Avild forest would produce <only one-fifth as much as an equal area under cultivation. OBut oven $100 net profit AA'ould make fair interest on the iirvest- mont. In either of these cases certain stringent laAvs Avould haA'e to be passed and (enforced 1x> prcA'ent inomwlers or natives from killing the cultivated trees in their thieving invasions. FACTS ABOUT FLOWERS. Some Hints Which All May Read. Well A floAA'cr cut in tho morning Avill outlast t:\vo fioAvers cut later in tho day when the sun is upon them. Orchids keep better for wearing purposes if giA'ou a mossy bed to lio upon Avhen they are resting. Heliotrope has too Avoody a stern to revive Avhen once Avilted. A rose Avill keep its shape better if you pin it on your muff, lying down- AA'ard instead of up. A rose AA r ill not lose its petals so soon if you put only tlie stem in Avnter, not letting tlie water touch tlie calyx. A. drop of camphor in Avater Avill freshen the most tired A'iolet. A toucii of sealing AATIX upon the stems of very juicy floAvers AAlll keep the moisture from escaping and so preserve tho floAA'cr. A. rose bought "just to carry" Avill keep best if put away in a cool, dark place—say a refrigerator. .A bath of very hot water for the stems of floAvers reA'ives tlie blossoms very quickly, and a taste of camphor and a dip into melted sealing AVOX:, fol- loAving directly after the hot water bath, Avill freshen the faded posy and make it beautiful for ait least another afternoon. THE HOME OF THE GRAN QUIYRA MYTH. un- T— JWT.I ' Where a Avhaleback noses the canny valley, stands out a strange ashen Oulk ha brings us back to earth. Wan and Aviord s it is, it bespeaks the onc- tnnu presence of mail, for Nature has no such squarncsscs. I do not believe that the whole world can shoAv clsoAvhoro, nor that a Dove could dream into canvas,, gb.ostlim.-ss so a propos. Stand iipon the higher ridges to tho east, and it is all spread before you, a wrnitlhi in pallid stone- the absolute ghost of a city. Its ashen hues -which seem to hover above the- dead grass, foiled by tho sombre blot. dies of tho junipers; its Inciotcrmnato gray hinlw, outspoken at last in the huge vague shnpiqf that looms in its- centre; its strange, dim outlines rim- mod Avith a flat, round Avorld of silence -but. why try to tell that whicfli, has no telhng? Who shall wreak expression of that spectral city? This was tho pueblo of Tabira, infinitely known in this day of grace and putative light, as the "Gran Qnlvirn- From "Cities that Avero Forgotten'" by C. F. Lummls, in the April Scilbner. TIIE AAVFUL LONELINESS OF THE PLAINS. Mid-ocoan is not more lonesome than the plains; nor nigh so gloomy as that «lumb sun.ight. It is barren of sound JhQ rown grass ls knoodco- oven that trifle givos a shock, n lioofoblltemtocl Innrt. The bands antelope that drift, like cloud ° less of me than of lto supi-naturaL The spel ol tho plains is a wondrous thing At Jin* is fascinates. Then it be is crushes. It is sure is but ?er than ilmmnnltv. AVlien ^ cannot otherwise escape the ^^ Lummls, in < * U8<e ln thnt weve Forgotten, ' L.^ Oifewl. bner. .'»

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