The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on March 15, 1893 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, March 15, 1893
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THE OTPEH MJS MDINfiBs ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MABCH IS, 1S93. , Twehty-Seventh Year. BY 1NGHAM & WARREN* Term* to Subscribers: On*copy, one year.... 11.60 One copy, ftiz month* 7° One copy, three month* ;.i. 40 Bent to any address at abote rates. Remit brdraf t, money order, express order, or postal note at our risk. lutes of advertising sent on application. MUST STAND FOR SOMETHING^ At'the* Young Men's Republican club meeting In Des Moines last week a resolution was passed in favor of retaining prohibition In the republican platform. Bepresentiitive Coffen of Polk county, a young and brilliant member of the last legislature, made a very effective speech which we publish elsewhere. He advocated the resolution, speaking as a believer in the prohibitory law. With his speech we publish an expression from Judge Hubbard. The judge at the last session was an earnest advocate ,of the Gatch bill and spent several days: in. the house, working to secure enough republican votes to pass that .measure. . From the standpoint of an anti-prohibitionist he agrees with Representative CofTon and the Des Moines •club as to the question of party policy. Two weeks ago wo referred to an interview with Senator Gatch in which the .author of the republican local option Ibill took the position that the party should boldly standifor some law, and •make an affirmative canvass either for prohibition or some modification upon • which Itho state convention can agree All of those, representing very fully rthe various phases of public opinion, •qppose the suggested attempt to evade ,4ho issue by a non-committal platform •or by a reference to legislative districts. The reasons why evasion would be-,a suicidal policy on the part of party which stands pledged by a ten years' record to an affirmative solution Of'the problem are suggested by both Representative Coffen and Judge Hub- "barfl. But Senator Gatch, dealing 'more .directly with the suggestion •shows its inherent weakness: "'What; In 'the event of either relegating •the -question to; 'the legislative districts or of Wholly ignoring it, would bo the attitude of OUE candidate for governor, who, Itis very generally and properly Insisted, shall this .year.mttlte a'thorough canvass of the state by counties? • 'Shall he be in favor of prohi bition'in prohibition, counties, of county option'in counties supposed to favor that xnethod,!<munl'cipnl option where that seems to 'bo imost popular, .and of state- wide license whovoats adherents are in the ma jority, or shall all thought of such a can vass of 'the state be abandoned, and the can didato foivgovernor have a pndlock pu' The more the, question is discussec the less invfravior is the policy of evas ion. '(The. question of liquor legislation is (up (for settlement, i& a state-wide question, and demands some affirmativ action by the republican state conven tion. • JEITFiEBSON'S .BSVVTJGURATIOX. With each recurring inaugural cere mony is .repeated . the . story of Thos Jefferson riding. to •; the, capital on his horse, tiein,g it/to i*he . palisades, anc walking ;to >tho -.senate . chamber unac compaoSed'to:take:the oath of office It is one of ;the • standard -.tales of ou national ''history. And yet, lild Weem's stories about Washington and Franklin, :and.raany others of a hundred years ago, it seems to be\without 'foun dation, although .repeated ,in .-standard histories. jP.urton in;his<life .of Jeffer son gives it in .detail, -and ;Schoulei credits it. But McMasten.guotes loca reports to disprove 'it and Adams, who is the latest and :most'thorou.gh of the students of Jefferson andhisitimes, says it was invented .by ;an iEn.gUab.man to entertain his Mends :«nd bniijg repub lican institutions into .ridicule. The Englishman wae .one .John iDavis, who claimed to have witnessed the .cere mony, and who reported Jefferson's general appearance, :and said: -"His dress was of plain elatb,, >and he <uod< on horseback to the .capital without .-a single guard or servant in his train. dismounted without assistance ant hitched the bridle of hie horse to the palisades. " McMaster eails it •" an idl< story" and from the Aurora quotes thi following report: "At 13 o'clock Thomas Jefferson, attend ed by a number of his follow citizens among whom were many members of congress, re paired to the capital. His dress was a usual that of a plain citizen, without anj distinctive badge of office. H« entered th capital under a discharge from the artillery As soon as he withdrew a discharge o artillery was mixde. The remainder of th day was devoted to purposes of festivity and at night there was a pretty genera illumination." Adams shows further that Davis in fact was not in Washington at the in auguration and took his whole star from federalist complaints at Jefferson They disliked his plain manners and horseback riding and said : "He make it a point when he has occasion to visi the capital to meet the representative! of the nation on public business to go on a single horse which he leads int the shed und hitches to a peg. Adams adds that Jefferson was living within a stone's throw of the capital did not mount his horse to cross one square, and that while he wished the inauguration to be plain, it was j ducted with proper form. in oi\ o^here are plenty of authentic stories near thvt., ra ti n g the real simplicity of Jef Reading 1 », • cut off administration. There is no when Mr. Anthony Merry TwUM the Engll8h rep . e president came in eo habblly dressed that he was mistaken or a servant, and that the bedecked oreigner represented to his government that he had been insulted. Even he first inauguration was plain enough. But the fancy picture Schouler draws if Jefferson's course along Pennsyl- r ania avenue then only "a footway cut through brush and briers" up the " oak crested heights of capital hill" must be •ejected. ft ^ m ^^ l ^_ imit < _ — SOME SENATOtttAl. ELECTIONS. The record of the various senatorial elections in state legislatures lately has pretty effectually disposed of the ob- ections offered in Iowa to a convention nomination. In North Dakota, Mon tana, and Washington there has been no choice at all, after a whole winter's wrangling, and in the first two states ;he anomalous result is reached of a democratic senator appointed by the governor in a republican state, and a •epublican senator appointed from a democratic state. Even where the .egislature finally acted the result is scarcely more satisfactory. In Wisconsin Mitchell's success was hissed when it was made known because his large fortune was considered wholly responsible for it, and in Kansas Martin's election is not more popular. The record of this year is simply a continuation of that of other years. When Washburn was elected in Minnesota the legislature was compelled by public opinion to spend days in an invest! gallon of open charges of bribery anc corruption. And Standard Oil Payne's success in Ohio caused the senate itsel to begin an investigation so notoriously corrupt were the means used by his friendsi Calvin S. Brice is another o: these senators elected by log rolling in a state legislature. The only time state legislatures ever have success fully represented public opinion, has been when public opinion has been pretty fully expressed in the choice o a man before hand. Thus the re-elec tion of Senator Allison,, or of Senatoi Davis in Minnesota, was quickly anc properly accomplished. But when public opinion has not been previously expressed it has rarely happened tha the legislature has not wasted time tha should be given to state affairs, in a senatorial contest in which ten othe: interests have been dearer to ever; member than the success of any can didate, and in which the best manipu tator has not finally won. The election o a senator by the legislature is wel enough, although a cumbersome and useless ceremony. But the nomination of a senator in the legislature will onlj come hereafter through a failure of the people to perform a duty that devolve on them. Whatever may be said o convention methods, no result of con vention nominations can prove s disastrous to a state or political party as such legislative deadlocks as hav arisen this year in the western states SINCE the inauguration of Prosiden Cleveland Senator Hoar, the vetera republican of Massachusetts, who wa chairman of the judiciary committe in the last senate, has made a length; statement concerning the elevation c Judge Jackson to the supreme bench He commends President Harrison ver warmly for the appointment, and re views Judge Jackson's career to prov that he is pre-eminently fitted for th work before him. In addition to thi he points out two circumstances tha have not before received much notice He says that the death of Lamar lei but two democrats on the suprem bench, out of nine members, and non< from the south. The appointment of republican would have strengthene the movement to increase the numbe of judges to fifteen. This, in additio to Imposing on President Cleveland th appointment of six new members a once, would, in his opinion, greatl, weaken the standing and influence c the court. Senator Hoar concludes hi remarks by saying: "The republican party does not wan partisans upon the bench. It is not so ver eager to have republicans, if so bo that i .etui have men who are learned, able, impui tial, conscientious and industrious, whos constitutional opinions are sound upon & the great questions upon which the vigo .and permanence of the constitution depend :Such a man, I am sure, is Mr. Justice Jack son. If he shall have a career of from 2 to 80 years in his groat office I believe thu wihen it terminates his fellow citizen Will agree that it will have been an un mingled benefit to his country." SPENCER had a sensational law sui a few weeks ago in which a young lad, sued a prominent doctor, charging him with undue liberties while having he as a patient. When the case was trle< the News gave an entirely decent re port and digest of the testimony, t which the Methodist minister has tak en exceptions. The usual moral loci ure from the pulpit to the press closei with the confident assertion that i criminal cases of the kind the paper should say nothing. The News in goo spirit effectively disposes of the preach er's criticisms, showing that nothin is ever gained by an ostrich policy t suppressing criminal news, and tha there is every reason for publicatio when the character of professiona men, in whom the public are calle upon to place confidence, is in ques tion. Geo. W. Peck says: "The preeiden is a most remarkable man la many respects but in none more so than In his magnifioen physique. His appearance would impres one with the idea that he had'been in train ng for the great event, so perfectly athletic oes he look and act. Among those who ave not had the privilege of seeing the resident the opinion prevails that he is a ypical fat man. A greater mistake could ot be made. He is broad of chest, quick f action, straight as an arrow, and his ivery move betokens the finished athlete." A great deal of comment arose over he appropriations of the republican congress proceeding this, the "billion dollar congress,'' as it was called. Col. Hender- ion has been figuring up what the present congress has spent and the sum is nearly thirty-nine million dollars more than the republican congress spent, or $115,707 more for each congressional district. The last congress has distributed $1,626,822,649 in two years, and has authorized contracts that call for $58,000,000 out of the next congress. ^ Senator Allison is the mildest mannered of men, but Senator Hill found out ;hat the stamina is in his spinal column. II will be a long time before the tammany eader will jump up again in the senate to accuse our Iowa man of playing a trick on nim. The Dubuque Telegraph wants to know where Cleveland would be if the na tional convention had adopted his rule about former office holders. A correspondent from Chicago to the State Register warns its readers' to beware of sending money to engage rooms for the world's fair season, unless they know per sonally that they are dealing with responsi ble parties. The warning is timely. Big swindles are being operated. Except as a matter of convenience there is no reason for engaging rooms anyway. There wil be three rooms for every visitor, as anyone can see if ho will stop to figure a minute. Patrick A. Collins of Boston has been appointed consul general to England. This is the place Henry George was urged for It is worth $40,000 a year. Lafe Young reports that the prospec of an editorial excursion this spring is no bright. The world's fair is taking the at tention of the railroads. Ex-Senator Ingalls has a great man; elements of a statesman. Speaking o President Cleveland's withdrawal of the Hawaiian treaty he says: "I hope that he will keep it in his trousers pocket. To take in a lot of valueless islands that we woul( have to fortify and worry about would contrary to the principles and traditions o the government. The Hawaiian treaty is a great blunder. Cleveland ought to send s delegation to Hawaii to ascertain the need: of the people and to see to what extent thi sugar speculators are responsible for thi revolution." ^ Art in Iowa is at a discount. No one of the paintings sent for the world fair exhibit has been accepted by the com mitteo. Out of 982 pictures from the wes only 90 were taken. Postmaster General Bissell gives i out flat and cold that business men need no ask for the postofflces. He don't propos to appoint someone who will get a clerk attend to the duties. Those who take th places must give their whole time to th work. _ For fear the Courier will neglect t publish Postmaster General Bissell's re marks to Judge Hays and other prominen Iowa politicians, we give the followin paragraph: "Don't come to me wit recommendations for appointments of dem ocratic editors to postmasterships. Demo cratic editors will not receive appointments A man might as well run a dance hall or a eating house in connection with a postoffic as to run a newspaper in that connection. Jack Hornstein is elected mayor o Boone. He is the democrat who prescribe the quart of whiskey for a Newton brothe out at Colorado Springs, and signed "Hornstein, M. D." But now that he i mayor he believes in law enforcement an says: "My views on the liquor questio are well known. I stand today Just wher I have always stood. I do not believe i the prohibitory law and think it ought be repealed. But it is the law "and shoul not be nullified. While I shall not make police snoop or detective of myself will not wink at and ignore flagrant an open violations of the prohibitory law." It is reported that no republica holding office under the state departmen will be removed for any cause which woul not be sufficient to occasion the removal a democrat. This includes consuls, etc. Miss Edith Train and Mrs. Thoma were elected on the school board at For Dodge after a lively contest. The U. D. M E. A. will congratulate its accomplishe secretary on her success in politics. Sh will be one of the best members of th board. The ladies' ticket in the Counci Bluffs school election was defeated. IN THIS NEIGHBORHOOD. Messrs. Jaqua & Jtiqua now publis' the Humboldt Republican, and giv promise of making It a first class news paper. H. L. Goodrich and wife are home in Spirit Lake from a California trip Mrs. Goodrich is Perry Wllkins daughter. A case of diphtheria broke out ove at Spencer last week in Frank Cady' hotel. The girl died, and Spencer fear an epidemic. The dramatic company at Burt playe<- " A Soldier of Fortune" at Elmore las Thursday. They are starring it in Minnesota towns. Geo. Kleigl of Fairvllle hung three pair of pants over the stove to dry. In the middle of the night ho awoke t find them afire. There was no insur ance. Mason City Republican: Mrs. M Quick and daughter, Mies Emily, are this week pleasantly entertaining rela- ives from Lu Verne, Iowa, in the per- ons of Mrs. A, E. Bowley and grand- "aughter, Miss Leota Larimer. Corwith Crescent: Geo. C. Bfickey and Ji F. Gage were at Garner and Algona this week consulting the politi- ians with reference to our postoffice. The Republican says Esthervllle's ung ladies have resolved that the loopskirt is a "delusion and a snare," and have decided to refuse to recognize ,nyone who wears them. Mr. Stivers, who secured the state )and for a concert at Esthervllle. Reused to pay a license. He has been brought before the mayor and fined $20, and has appealed to the district court. Spencer Reporter: Thos. Way of Britt and S. X. Way of Wesley, Iowa, Were guests in the city over Sunday. They are talking of investing largely "n Spencer property in the near future. Carroll Herald: Jimmy Ryan gives out the word that he and Bissell the lew postmaster general are old friends. Moral: Get Jimmy's O. K. to your petition for a postofflce or your name won't be Eli. Burt Monitor: Miss Julia Tellier was presented with a beautiful bible al the grange meeting last Sunday. II was given as a token of esteem by the S eople for the efficient services per- jrmed during the recent meetings as organist. Humboldt Independent: Joe Flem ing, who has been attending school ai Algona the past few months, came home the last of the week for a visit o: a couple of days, returning Wednesday He thinks the Northern Iowa Norma school a good one. Our readers will recall a wreck on the Milwaukee near Spencer last sum mer, where a caboose broke loose and ran down the track and then was smashed by the train as they came to ether. Now ' a suit for $20,000 has een brought against the company for the death of one of the men. Ruthven is planning to be a summe: resort. The Free Press says: The new steamboat for Lost Island lake is now on the road. Aside from the new hote numerous other improvements in th way of bath houses, boat liveries, to boggan slides, etc., will be put in anc the lake will soon become a resort of n small proportions. The West Bend Journal says tha after all Mr. Cuplin is not mayor The great deeds of our city administra tion evidently have not penetrated a far as Algona, when the esteemed UP PER DES MOINES, by implication, woul( detract from the honor of the retiring administration by lifting from S. P. brow the royal diadem of the mayor' office. We protest. Bancroft Register: Wm. Heather shaw has made a handful of money thi winter buying, dressing, and shipping poultry, along with his other duties The writer saw the statement of one o his shipments where chickens brough 13 cents a pound, and a box of old roost ers that would knock out a Methodis minister in the first round that brough seven cents. The world's fair make poultry prices high. Webster City Freeman: Frank Lin don an*d his _fascinating daughter ar giving theatrical entertainments at th opera house every night this week Mr. Lindon is an artist in his line an an actor who is a credit to his prqfes sion. Miss Edna Earlie Lindon is captivating young lady and an actres of rare ability. She possesses in marked degree the essential talents ani personal attractiveness to make mos successful conquests on the stage. Eagle Grove Times: Mr. and Mrs L. J. Clark and children went to Algo na last week to attend the wedding Mrs. Clark's sister. The day was se for the wedding and everything ha been prepared, but owing to the bli zard the groom could not reach there He arrived next day, however, and th wedding was happily celebrated. Thi is only one of the many instances tha have come to our notice of snow block aded bridegrooms. Spirit Lake is to have a fine bloc this spring. The Beacon says th plans provide for five store rooms wit basements of equal floor dimensions On the corner is located the First Na tional bank, under which is planned a elegant barber shop and bath rooms On the second floor beginning at th alley on the west is located rooms fo the Masonic lodge, and next are quar ters of equal dimensions for th Knights of Pythias. An opera hous with a capacity of about 400 seats come next, and against the Hill street sid are located two elegant suites for offic purposes. Bro. Platt has an eye for the beaut: ful, and the first item he writes in For est City has an air of oriental magnifl cence. He claims that a very beautifu and unique necklace can be seen at th Winnebago County bank. This neck lace consists of 76 opals, mounted o pure gold. It once bolongetl to an ol aristocratic family in the City of Mex co. Its value is somewhat speculative as the smallest stone would, If take out of the settings, readily sell for tw or three dollars, while the larger one would brin^ many times more. Th workmanship is done by hand, eac cluster of gems being hinged together which must have increased the cos considerably. The large pendant is beautiful stone of rare beauty an purity. ________„___ AN IMPORTANT CONVENTION, The Republican Party in Iowa Must "Stand for Something" in the Coming State Contest. The Baptist Young People or North west lown to Meet lu Algona Thi Week. Tomorrow afternoon the Baptis Young People's union will begin a two day's session at the Congregationa church, which has been tendered, whic promises to be very interesting. Th programme includes addresses by Revs Moxie of Humboldt, Broadbridge Estherville, Bovell of Fort Dodge Stone of Eagle Grove, and Smith Audubon. In the evening John H Scott of Chicago will deli ver an address Friday morning Revs. Witter of De Moines, Call of Webster City, anc Smith of Mason City speak. In the af ternoon a good programme is arrangei in which Miss Cramer and Luoiu Adams have parts. In the evening Rev. Eldridge of Minneapolis and Rev H. L. Stetson of Des Moines deliver ad dresses. The convention is one to at tract attention and Algona should tortatn her visitors jn commend; fashion. ¥0 SUBTERFUGE WILL DO, Half-way Policy Will Succeed—Some interesting Opinions ori the Question of Prohibition. Judge Hubbard of Cedar Rapids was nterviewed by the State Register last week and said: "I >arty be honest and would hnve do whatever the the )rohibltionists want it to do—let them control the convention and nominate .he ticket. I don't think they can win, mt I am sure that a platform favoring modification would defeat the party ust as badly, would saddle the responsibility upon the liberal republicans, )uild up the third-party prohibition organization and would be a surrender to the democratic arguments of the past, It will not do to dodge the ques- iion and say nothing in the platform, 'or we have said we would meet it this year, and it will be cowardly and fool- sh to try to get out of it by keeping still—we must fish or catch bait or get on shore. The Cummins plan won't do, either; that is a sort of permission to some of the anti-prohibition, republican districts that they may go over with the democrats and help repeal prohibition. It won't do for the republican party to go into partnership with the democrats on this question. And what would the candidate for governor have to say? They would ask him what his party stood for, and he would- have to say: ' Well, what are your views? If you are a prphibitionis^ then the party is for prohibition, but if you are an anti-prohibitionist, then I am for license.' You see the party must stand for one thing or the other. "Let the democratic party get into power if it can, on this issue, and I don't care what it does. It can't do the the right thing; it can't satisfy all the elements that have united to give it power this year. Within two y_ears it will be the worst licked party it ever was in Iowa. I tell you any party that is responsible for legislation on the liquor question is out of luck." Hon. N. E. Cqfleu'8 Speech. At a meeting of the republican club of Des Moines last week Representative Coffen spoke as follows, as reported by the News: " I deprecate the existence of any question that divides the republican party into opposing factions. But I do not believe that any man or any class of men is responsible for this unfortunate condition of affairs. We have only come, in the course of human progress, to another great question that must be solved. We cannot evade it. Subterfuges now are cowardly, and duplicity would only expose us to ridicule. Moreover there is only one right solution to this question. If we are trying to evade the issue a great many plans will occur to us; but if we propose to be true to principle we will have no difficulty in finding the only course that it is possible for us to take. Just as sure as human progress is onward and upward, just so certain will this principle that the saloon has no right to live and ought to be destroyed ultimately prevail. If the republican party has not the courage and the conscience to carry on this work, then out of its ashes a new party will arise with conscience and courage enough for this immortal 'task. I am not saying what I want to occur, for no member of this club would regret such a result more than myself. But the republican party was born of a great moral idea, and now_ in its years of ripe experience and achievement is confronted by a new problem involving equally irrepressible and inspiring truth. Upon what issue shall we fight the coming 1 campaign? Shall we fight it upon the McKinley bill? Shall we fight upon the theory that a copperhead and rebellious democracy are in the saddle? The republican party must turn its face to the future. We must shake off the rags of the past, however glorious it has been, and grapple fearlessly with the great problems of the present, and be sincere with ourselves and honest with the people. Such a course would expose us to the merciless ridicule of our opponents, and no republican could successfully defend our position. Shall we favor directly or indirectly some form of local option? I despise a man who changes his convictions with each wave of popular sentiment. We can't afford to be prohibitionists today merely because it is popular, and anti-prohibitionists tomorrow because forsooth prohibition happens to become unpopular. The republican party has no use for men who are mere pipes for fortune's finger to sound what stop she pleases. Let the republican party at this hour beware of pigeon-llvered politicians. Shall we relegate this question to the legislative districts? This course means that we favor some such measure as the Gatch bill and haven't the manliness to say so. If the republican party favors the Gatch bill or local option in any other form, then in the name of common decency let the party say so. But we fought one campaign upon the promise that there should be a school house on every hill top and no saloons in the valley. Will we now fight a campaign upon the theory that there should be a school house on every hill top and saloons in the valleys wherever they want them? Did we not march to victory once upon the declaration that there should be no backward step? Did we mean there should be no backward step until it was convenient for us to take it? Did we not promise the people that the saloon should never again have a legal existence in Iowa? 1 hese wore not merely the declarations of individual men. They were taken up as the shibboleths of our party contests and were rung in with the pteans of our victories. Did not the democracy charge us then with deceit and hypocrisy? Did we not indignantly resent such base and malignant charges? Are we now to say every charge the now to complete every prdphocy tt of° our peridy that they made with a $11 more LerficflouB fulfillment? Persona lv bollevn t.llA n,.r,MK!t,,.,.. i..... i UU ".J ical sense, to the scaffold or the throne. The republican party must not, either directly or indirectly favor or consent to or even connive at the restoration ot the lealized Saloon in Iowa." THE FOBT DOME TEOUBtE* Hoii. I. L. Woods Tells About th» Postofflce Squabble. While in Des Moines last week the late democratic candidate for congress in this district, I* L. Woods, was interviewed on the big Fort Dodge fight over the postofflce. He Bald: "I fiad that 20 out of 27 members of the Webster county democratic committee, who had signed Duncombe's petition for the Fort Dodge postofflce, have withdrawn and signed the petition of Thos. F. Breen. Ten of the 14 members of the congressional committee have also signed Mr. Breen's petition, Hon. J. J. Ryan, the defeated democratic nom- inee'for congress in that district, is also supporting Breen. The Duncombe fellows are so rattled that they are talking of withdrawing Will Duncombe and substituting his brother Charlie for the place. The change would be a good one, a decided improvement, W. E. Duncombe has no claims whatever on the party. He voted for J. P. Dolliver for congress in 1890 and 1892. His appointment to the place would be an insult to decency and an everlasting disgrace to the party. I am confident from what the boys up there • tell me that Duncombe is going to get completely floored. " Why, they say in Fort Dodge that the reason Hyatt was defeated for mayor there last Monday was that Duncombe had advocated his nomination in his paper. " Upon his return from Chicago last summer, after the nomination of Cleveland, he denounced Cleveland's friends in New York for urging his nomination when the state organization was for Hill and openly and repeatedly declared that Cleveland could not carry New York and could not be elected. And now ho has the gall to ask Cleveland to appoint his worthless son to the best federal office in the Tenth district." And Capt. Yeoman was in Sioux City Friday_ and was interviewed. In conversation with a reporter he said that he is not a candidate for the United States district attorney, as has been reported. In speaking of the patronage quarrel in which the party is now involved in Iowa, he said: "I haven't taken much interest in it and consequently have given it but little thought. However, from what I have heard, it appears to me that the state central committee practically decided to do away with the_ president of the United States in making appointments in Iowa, and distribute the patronage itself. I'm afraid, though, that Cleveland will not approve of their course and think that he will be heard from before the patronage is all disposed of by the committee." The whole fight in this district is whether the state central committee or J. J. Ryan is going to deliver the officer's. SOME NEWSPAPER HISTORY. The Upper Des Moines was Begun In 1805—The Oldest Paper In This Section. The Winnebago Summit raises a question of early history of interest in the following item: "THE UPPER DES MOINES at Algona claims to have been established in the year 1866, but Will F. Smith in a recent conversation with the writer emphatically stated that he saw and read a copy of that paper in the office of the Republican at Monticello, New York, in October, 1865. If 1866 be the correct date, then the Summit and THE UPPER DES MOINES are of the same age. As it is quite as important as some other historical questions that have been discussed, we should like to have the matter cleared up." In December, 1889, we published a very complete newspaper history of Kossuth county, and in that Mrs, Read gives the date of the first issue of THE UPPER DES MOINES as August, 1865. The Kossuth County Press was the first paper, being published six years earlier, and being changed'to the Pioneer Press by Ambrose A. Call in its second year. THE UPPER DES MOINES was named by Mrs. Read, but the material, etc., was the same used by its predecessor. Mrs. Read published the paper till November, 1866, when J. H. Warren bought it. The numbers of the paper do not correspond with these dates because in the winter of 1865 Mrs. Read suspended for want of paper supplies, and the 52 numbers cover a year and a half or more. The right date is as given by Mr. Smith, the first copy of the paper being preserved still by Mrs. Read. German vs. Irish. The Woods interview has called out a vigorous attack on Breen from a Duncombe supporter, who says: "There are five hundred democrats living here who are more entitled to the postofflce than Breen, as he has been a resident of the town only three or four years and besides,'remarked the committeeman, I know that in 1884 he opposed the nomination of Cleveland, and stated that Cleveland could not have his vote, but that he would vote for Benjamin Butler, and for this reason and others I could name he is no more entitled to the appointment of postmaster than the wild man from Borneo. Why, it is an> open secret that his unpopularity as chairman of the committee aided materially in the defeat of Ryan for con- S re ss. His opposition to the interests- or the river land settlers as agent for Whitehead and others lost Ryan the river land vote, although Ryan is a river land settler, born on river land- A number of his land deals that I could mention add little to his reputation for honesty and integrity. These facts ought to be evidence enough against the candidacy of Mr. Breen to keep him ln .Private life for all time to come; besides, Mr Breen's candidacy has awakened a lively opposition among the Crerraan voters, who were so badly beaten last fallin the candidacy of John Wolfinger for county auditor by the democratic Irish vote. The Germans voted for Dave Haire, an Irish democrat, electing him clerk. The Germans ' ~ ' stmaster vinwr Mr. administraUpm ought

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