The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on March 1, 1893 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 1, 1893
Page 4
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WPEK DES MOINES: ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MAHOH 1, 1893. BY INGHAM & WABREN. Terms to SubsoHbei-e: One Copy, one year 11.5 One copy, six monthi 7 One copy, three months Sent to any address at abore rate*. Remit by draft, money order, express order or postal note at our risk. Bates of advertising Hent on application. T. S. SEYMOUR of Milford spent seven years in Honolulu, and is well ac quatnted with the Hawaiian situation Last week in talking with Senator Funk he said that there is nothing in a commercial way in the annexation o the island to the United States. Car Schurz in an able editorial in Harper's Weekly points out the difficulties in volvod and the future trouble insured if annexation is decided on, The •island can never become a self govern ing state like Iowa, will always bo a province under some government official, which is in itself contrary to al! our^republican notions of government, will bo of no advantage to us except in war, and will bo the constant source o foreign complications. The birthday of Washington bus lately been ce brated. His counsel as well as his memory should bo revived, and his warning against just such policies as this annexation scheme heeded. The United States is leaving its safe moorings and deserting the objects for which it was organized when it goes off aftoi these jingo enterprises. : S; M. CLARK of the Keokuk Gate City and Father Nugent of Des Moines have shown in two letters on the relations of Catholicism to free govern ment what a model debate should be. They have also demonstrated the beneficial effects of free public discussion in religious as well as political controversies. Father Nugent's letter vvns called out by Mr. Clark's editorial comment on the current newspaper corre spondent war over the A. P. A. society and the Catholic church. It appeared in the Des Moines Capital. Mr. Clark answers. Both are incisive, well-informed, eloquent writers. Both lay aside dogmatism. Both approach the subject as one worthy of honest discus^ sion. Both rise high above the level of the malignant, ignorant, and hun- dred-yoars-bohind-the-times writers, who have been flooding the newspapers for a few months. Without any reference to the debate, so far as the ques- tian at issue is concerned, it is one ol the most beneficial events that has lately occurred in Iowa. Free, intelligent, and courteous discussion is a better safeguard to American liberty than either church or secret society, whatever name they bear. SENATOR STEWART of Nevada and Roswell G. Horr are to conduct a debate in the New York Weekly Tribune on the silver question. The first article appeared last week, being Senator Stewart's opening statement in favor of free coinage. On account of its length Mr. Horr's answer is reserved for a later number. Senator Stewart makes a convincing showing as to the main feature of the case—that is the need of the full silver supply as money. He shows that since 1873 silver has been a credit money, valuable only because impliedly redeemable in gold, and that since that time the basis of credit has been restricted to gold, the result being a shrinking of values in other commodities equal to 40 per cent, in 20 years. Ho shows that if'silver is finally rejected as a money metal its value will shrink until mining will cease, the gold now taken from silver mines will be left untouched, the gold supply each year will not make up for wear and use in the arts, contraction instead of expansion will take place, and what Gen. Francis A. Walker has described as the "strangulation of business" will ensue. He shows that the whole scheme to demonetize silver was concocted by English bondholders, and has been supported by the bondholders of the other nations of Europe. In the main features of his case Senator Stewart is fully supported by the evidence. It is only when he comes to the immediate effects of free coinage in the United States without the co-operation of other countries that he arrives on doubtful grounds, and it is here undoubtedly that Mr. Horr will dispute with him. The debate will be watched with great interest as both disputants are able representatives of the classes they speak for. This silver question, as part of the universal money question, is the most important financial issue before the people. In view of the fact that President Cleveland is an aggressive champion of gold alone, it is specially important at this time. GEO. W. SMALLEY, the well known American writer on English topics and an active anti-homo rule partisan, admits that Gladstone's bill will pass a second reading. This means that parliament will give a majority in favor of the principle of home rule. Then comes the debate over the details of the measure, and the third or final reading. It is plain to be seen that Stnalley believes that the bill in some form will pass this test also, and go to the house of lords. Here he is certain it will be vetoed without any hesitation. In thii event Smalley Bays he is confident Gladstone contemplates bringing the pressure of popular sentiment to bear on the lords, sending up a new bill, and if they again veto it, going to the people on the double issue of home rule and abolition of the lords. The house of lords is an excrescence on England's otherwise very free government, and the people would go as far to do away with it as they would to do justice to Ireland, and Gladstone is politician enough to tack the two issues together if occasion requires. To get home rule would be glory enough, but if he should also abolish the lords as the final act of his long career, he would indeed be the "grand old man." IT is evident that the present tendency among republicans is towards leaving liquor legislation to the repre' sentativoand senatorial districts. This means that the state convention wil say nothing for or against prohibition but will allow each district to decide for itself whether its members shal vote to retain the present law. It is said this will remove the question from party politics, and free republicans from the odium of either endorsing 01 opposing any special temperance measure. Opposition to this plan comes from advocates of all measures. The prohibitionists are opposed to it because it means repeal of the present law. On the other hand Senator Gatch, who favors a stand for one thing or the other by the state convention and is an open advocate of local option, says: " Whatever that policy is to be, the success of the party demands a state wide policy upon the question. To leave it for dcterminntion to the legislative districts in their nominating conventions, would necessarily involve the party in local strifes thai must as necessarily load to local factiona' divisions, and, in addition to many local defeats, to almost certain defeat in the state at large. Many republicans, both those in favor of and those opposed to prohibition, who would submit loyally to the action ol the representatives of the party in state convention, would not, after a heated local contest, abide the action of a county or district convention." Rev. Mary A. Safford recently delivered a sermon in Sioux City entitled " Why I Am a Unitarian."' The Journal reports it in full. Olio paragraph is: " The underlying principles of our faith are two—the superiority of character to creed and the supremacy of reason in the search for truth. . On these two principles our church is bullded. Because of the first I can extend the hand of fellowship to any earnest seeker for truth and righteousness, whatever his name or creed. While recognizing the worth of noble beliefs the Unitarian church gives character the first place; hence makes no doctrine whatever a test ol fellowship, 'but welcomes all who seek the way of life, who would promote truth, righteousness, and love. It condemns no one because of his opinions, but, while cherishing certain grand beliefs, maintains that an honest Presbyterian, Methodist, or Parsee ranks far higher in the kingdom of God than the dishonest mun or woman who claims to be a Unitarian. It regards right thinking as important, but right living as essential. It asks not of those who would unite with it, ' What do you believe?' but instead, ' Do you earnestly desire to live a ncJble life?' Hence it is inclusive, not exclusive, friendly, not antagonistic, in its spirit and aims." As high as $500 is being paid for single rooms overlooking the inaugural parade in Washington. It is reported that there will be more present this year than ever before in the history of the country. Senator McPherson of New Jersey, a democrat who don't like Gresham, said ast week that the democrats have the senate, house, president, " and a portion of .he cabinet." The Cedar Rapids Republican says: Algona is rejoicing over the dedication of a new opera house. From the amount of commendation expended upon it there must be abundant reason for the joy expressed. A popular canvass for the United States senatorship is not so attractive to .he Dubuquo Herald, Judge Hays, and some other democratic managers as it was, ind they are beginning to talk about nomi- lating Gov. Boies for governor again. They have just discovered that a campaign on national issues is not what they want. But they have gone too far to back out, without showing tp the people that all they said about the popular choice of senators is humbug, and Gov. Boies can't escape a senatorial campaign. To withdraw him now as a senatorial candidate before the people will beat him all along the line, and the party will undoubtedly see that when the convention meets. The Capital intimates that Gov. Boies lover had any offer of a cabinet position. Lot tho correspondence be published. •——* Spearfish, S. D., is having a sure- enough boom. J. H. and E. H. Warren have enlarged their daily to a six-column quarto. Those who are accounting these .lines in long contributions for republican oases in Iowa, and are sitting in Judgment on this and that legislation, should not forget that the democrats have had a majority only once, that they gained it in the congressional elections of 1890, and that the VIcKinley bill was the only issue. A sample picture of life in the south s given in this dispatch from Knoxville, Tenn., dated Sunday last: "The lynching at Jollico last night of the negro Joe Payne, \>r assaulting Miss Pauuie Cocile, was in tself a very tame affair. He confessed the srime and was strung up to the nearest roe without any excitement. Tho mob Inned a placard on his back threatening death to anyone who should disturb the body until 10 o'clock today, At that hour fully 5,000 people had gathered from neigh boring towns. Miss Cecile, -who was no badly injured, sent word that she wouli take pleasure in cutting down the body Her wishes were granted, and with a sharp knife she severed the rope and the bod, fell to the ground. She Smiled as she cu the rope, and the act Was greeted wit' cheers from the vast crowd. She is a very handsomcs young woman of 18, and is o good family." ^ The Pocahontas Record says: "Le Dolltver's friends prepare to be strictly in the fight when the time for fight arrives .Dolliver should be our next senator." President Harrison says he will res and travel for some months. He has mad no promises of any kind as to his futur work. Walt. Butler very truly remarks " Gov. Boles Will undoubtedly be nominat ed for our next United States senator To that the party Is pledged." The demo crats are pledged to meet national issue this year In a senatorial canvass, The re publicans will be on hand. John W. Mackey, the bonanza mill ionaire of California, was shot last week bj a half-crazy old man. He will recover. A Detroit woman has been in jai one hundred times in the past twenty years An Algona democrat hits it when h calls It a succotash cabinet. Saturday is inauguration day. THE MONTH'S MAGAZINES. The third part of Mrs. Catherwood's seri al, "Old Kaskaskia," which opens the March number of the Atlantic Monthly, i full of interest, and leaves the reader at i_ point which will make him wish that the next number of the magazine followed a at a shorter interval than a month. Th( author's story is not only of historial inter est, but its vivacity and vivid way of draw ing character and describing events make this story rank as the best work she ha done. , , The January Century has been out • o print for some time, and the February num ber the publishers now have unfilled order for more than 5,000 copies awaiting a new edition. A large first edition of the March Century containing the reminiscences o Napoleon at Elba, will be ready on the Is of March. - _„_ No fiction in the world is more fascinat ing or more powerful than that of Eussia This fact is made apparent in the curren issue of Romance, the seventh initsnotabli series of special numbers, and specifically devoted to Russian short stories. Near!; half of its contents relate to this remark able country, and are from the pens of such writers as Tourgueneff, Tolstoi, Pouehkiut and "Stepniak." There are also beautifu stories of England and America by some o our best authors, among whom are Frances Hodgson Burnett, Tom P. Morgan, Caro line A. Creevey and Clyde Fitch. Uncom mon interest attaches to a recently dis covered tale by John G. Whittier, and alsc to the striking newspaper story, The Grea Journal Beat, by Rhodes McKnight. The readers of this charming magazine, will no be surprised to learn the fact, which has come out since his death, that Phillips Brooks was a regular reader and warm admirer of Romance. The magazine is is sued by Romance Publishing Co., Clinton Hall, Astor Place, New York, at 25 cents a number; subscriptions, §3.50 a year. -++Scribner's Magazine for March contains several remarkable articles in the line of personal reminiscences and memoirs, which wore announced to be one of the features of the year. Through the courtesy of a grand daughter of the great naturalist, J. J. Au dubon, the publishers are able to present in this number Audubon's Story of his Youth a charming bit of autobiography written by the naturalist for his children, and ac cidently found in an old calfskin bound vol umo, where it had been hidden for many years. This narrative has never been even privately printed, and is the fascinating story of the romantic youth, and the love story of the great man whose personality was always most picturesque. The illustrations are from rare old portraits in the possession of the family—one of them a reproduction of the portrait of George Washington, presented to Audubon by the general before going into winter quarters at Valley Forge. __________^__ IN THIS NEIGHBOBHOOD. Estherville Democrat: Amy Peug- not of Algona visited with M. G. Wilson a few days last week. Armstrong is to have a rival town. [t will be called South Armstrong and is being platted by E. J. Breen. John H. Jenkins, an old settler of Emmet county, died in Washington, Feb. 16. He came to Emmet in 1858, and was stricken with paralysis in 1862, so that he was confined to a chair for 30 years, Elmore Post: Harvey Mathers suf- 'ered a second paralytic stroke Sunday. Something over two months ago he met with the same misfortune and had never fully recovered from that. We hope Harvey may yet pull through. Mason City Republican: Billy Dodson came down from Algona Saturday ;o see his old friends, and particularly the pacer, Storm, Billy is connected with a racing stable in that city, but says he don't like it as well as he did lore. Ames Times: J. J. Ryan, defeated candidate for congress over in the Tenth district, says the ""leap year democrats" can't have any of the federal patronage that is to be bestowed n that district. 'That's right, Jimmy; jive it to the boys who fought openly ind above board, and will live to fight again. Charley Stinson is nominated for mayor over in Sheldon. The Mail says: "Always a consistent-and stalwart party man, an upright -citizen and successful business man, we believe he s entitled to the votes of all republicans who approve a man's loyalty to wrty and are in favor'O'f .good .govern- nent." Elmore Eye: Misses-Gertie-and Cora Payne and Mr. Bort Payne, from near Algona, were guests of Mr. -and Mrs. Chas. Shanor from Friday till Monday. ... A party was given for Miss Minnie /lice at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. 3. W. Pangburn .Friday evening. A arge number of guests were present ,nd all enjoyed a pleasant time. About two hundrefl of'the sports from Algona, Whittemore, Mason City,. Ruth von, Graettingoc, Sioux-Ealls and' other places met at Music hall in Em metsburg last week to witness a wrest ling match between Jack Ingalls am Ed. C. Cristopher, an English wrestler and a few friendly sparring contests bj Ed. C. Christopher and Dan Woods and Homer Cummins and Terpin's 'uh known. The exercises were quite sol entlfic and, although the contestant were poorly matched, there was consid erablo amusement. Emmetsburg Democrat: The othei night a Whittemore husband went on to have some fun With the boys. They bought a keg of prohibition goods ant Went to a barn to enjoy it. About mid night his wife became impatient and started out to look for him. She dis covered him in the barn, but he ref use< to surrender. She picked up severa sticks and chunks of ice and fired them through the windows of the barn threatening to batter down the build ing unless he agreed to come to terms It did not take her long to disperse thi crowd and to bring the husband undo: proper discipline. State Register: The damage case o Kittle Jordan against the officers o the State Agricultural society ha been settled at last. Yesterday Judge Holmes instructed the jury to dis charge constable John Peterson. Thi throws the case out of the Polk count; district court, as the other officers liv' in other counties and this court has nc jurisdiction. Marshal Stevens of Al gona, who caused the arrest, has had to fight the case ever since it was start ed and he feels very* much relieved tc have the persecution, as he feels it tc be, stopped. He says no one can ex tort money from him. The plaintif has threatened to appeal to the su preme court, but it is not regarded a likely that she will. Judge Holmei was in the building at the time the woman was searched and he seemed tc have very little" patience with some o the claims of the plaintiff. Mr. Stev ens and his attorney, Col. S. S. Ses sions, went home this morning in a very cheerful frame of mind. The Eagle Grove Gazette says th< floral emblems at Asst. Supt. Boynton'i funeral were very beautiful. The su perintendents of the various division sent a broken wheel of white roses with the spokes made of cream colored roses. A very large wreath of calla lillies and white flowers was sent from Lake City by the train dispatchers station agents and, conductors on tha line. A broken column of small whiti flowers with the letters in purple im mortelles from the conductors, engi neers, firemen and trainmen. Calla lilies from Supt. Hopkins; roses and smilax from Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Sandi of Chicago; lilies and hyacinths from Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Aishton of Clinton an open bible from the commercial ex change and Masons; an anchor and cross, on which a wreath of purple hyu cinthS' was hung, was from the super intendent's office, agents and shopmen a large pillow, with th'e words "Friend Boynton," in immortelles, and many smaller emblems were among the deco rations. Spencer News: The daily papers an nounce the death of ex-Senator Geo. E Spencer, which occurred at Washing ton last week. Spencer citizens may feel an interest in the death of this man as it is in remembrance of him that oui city was named. A News man sough Mr. Ackley Hubbard, our old timer, to learn the facts concerning Spencer's eary connection with our town. It ap pears that some 35 or 40 years ago Spencer, with a party of friends, pro tended to plat a town out on the hil south of the old mill site. He exhibit ed a plat in the east and proceeded to dispose of lots, giving deeds for all sold which deeds were placed on record. The only means of ascertaining where the lots were situated was by the section designated, the lots never having been laid out. Spencer was represented as the county seat, notwithstanding the county was not organized nor was there a human inhabitant within the confines o'f what was said to be the town o: Spencer. The plat represented steamboat on the Little Sioux river approaching the wharf at Spencer. After fleecing all he induced to bite in this scheme, he drifted south, where he took a hand in politics, becoming United States senator from Alabama. Subsequently he got mixed up in the star route affairs, and then suddenly decamped for Canada, where he remained for a number of years and until the matter had blown over in this country. A NEW ONE ON PHIL. The Cedar Rapids Gazette Describes How He Appeared In Venezuela. Venezuela is not much of a country, but it is deemed of sufficient importance in Washington to need the presence qf an American consul, Just now this particular consul is named Hanna, and when he gets irritated the stars break out all over him like mosquito bites, and his skin turns red, white and blue, Then his backbone stiffens up, bis bristles stand on end, and he pro 1 ceeds to rectify matters and things according to the doctrines of our distinguished fellow citizen, James Monroe, ind that other American, Andrew Jackson. The only apparent trouble with Hanna is that there should be several dozen of him, and each should je given a consulship forthwith. Mr. Sanna can come home and have pie every day in the week if he so desires, and a few other consuls might be al,owed to look at him to see what a real •ed-headed, star-spangled, Yankee rep resentative looks like. OUR UNOLE TOM'S OABIN OOMPANT A Valuable Suggestion to the Hoys oit now to Have a Sensation, The Pocahontas Record offers the bllowing, which we hope will receive .he serious consideration of " Glenford's Jncle Tom's Cabin company:" An 'Uncle Tom's Cabin" company has been organized at Algona. A slight change has been .made from the original play. A balloonist has been en- faged, and instead of allowing Eliza to •isk her life in crossing the torrent on grinding cakes of ice, she will be grace- ully floated over the stream in an air ihip, the dreadful blood hounds follow- ng with parachutes. This plan is nuch more convenient, for now the )lood-thirsty dogs will not have to be decoyed onto the stage with chunks of meat, but simply need to be set afloat rom the flies. The troupe is to exhib- t in a large tent, so all this is possible, A RECORD OF OUR &OADS, The Actual Figures Tell a Story that Doesn't Quite Tally with Ran* dom Statements. The County Board's Action Precipitates an interesting Discussion—What Our Roads Have Cost. The following paragraph from the Bancroft Register, similar to one in the Republican, opens up a question of interest to the county: , " The board of supervisors made one mistake at their adjourned session that we hope will be rectified at their next meeting. We refer to their resolution regarding the laying of highways to be hereafter petitioned for. Of course it will be a great saving to the county to have all the highways laid by consent or tax the costs o! land to be set aaide for highway purposes to the petitioners, but there is a question In the writer's mind as to the justice of such. To go back over the records of the county we find that nearly all the highways have been established in the southern and central part of the county that are required and the county has paid the costs of loca tion. In the northern part of the county there are comparatively few highways, and the new settlements will demand new roads, and after paying the settlers in other portions of the county for the land taken for highway purposes, would it be justice now to compel the northerners to sacrifice tlieir land in order to have highways? The Register does not believe this to be righl and it calls upon the members of the board from this part of the county to see that the resolution is not put into force. Let the whole county continue to bear the burden of taxation for road purposes without regard to locality, and lot now highways be established, as the evidences show the people have need, until all the>roads shall not only lead to one place, but all the- roads shall lead to every place." That part of the paragraph which begins " to go back over the records ol the county" is especially interesting, and as we have spent a day the past week in that not too-agreeable employment we will lay before the public a plain, unvarnished tale of what "we find" in fact, as against what has been found in imagination by those who crit- icise the board. Briefly stated we find that the first damages over allowed on a county road were in August, 1871. It is barely possible that a small damage was allowed on one road earlier, as it is difficult to tell the exact date of the roads in the old records. We find further that the chief country i-oads were laid previous to that time. The custom of getting damages did not become popular for many years, as the figures hereafter given will prove. We find! further that more money has been paid as road damages during the last year and a half than was paid in the county altogether from 1850 to 1885. We find that if all the roads asked for lately should be laid and the damages claimed allowed, the entire county fund would be taken. And, lastly, we find, and we commend this to the consideration of our north-end friends, tho bulk of road damages paid thus far in Kossuth has been paid in the north end ol the county. An interesting chapter of county history might be made out of the old road records. Road No. 1 is that one which runs southeast from Algona toward Irvington a few miles. Roac: No. 2 ran 24 miles, zigzag, southeast from Algona, road No. 3 south through Cresco, and road No. 4 is the east roac from Algona, by Lund's farm, to the county line. The state roads from Mason City to Algona, from Marietta in Marshall county to Paoli in Palo Alto, and across Kossuth to the county line near Elmore, along Union slough, were early roads,' no damages being allowed on any. The old records run to 1874, and from that year in the new book it is easy to tell just what has been done. Take tho two years, 1874 and! 1875, as a sample of road cost. We fine roads laid in the county as follows, the location being given in townships as they stand now: In Union, January, 1874, Monroe, damage , jig 50 In Wesley, February, 1874, M. Taylor, damage ,• 40,00 In Union, February, 1874 None In Wesley, March, 1874 None In Portland, March, 1874, Ringsdorf and Galllon, damage 23.00 In Seneca, April, 1874 None In Plum Creek, April, 1874, O. Mclnroe, damage 13.50 In Wesley, June, 1874 None In Union, June, 1874 None In Lotts Creek, June, 1874 None In Union, June, 1874 None In Ramsay, July, 1774 None In Portland, August, 1874 None lu Ramsay, August, 1874 None Inlrvlugton, August, 1874 None In Cresco, September, 1874 None In Seneca, October, 1874 None In Rlverdale, October, 1874 None In Lotts Creek, January, 1875 None In Lotts Creek, January, 1875 None In Irvington, February, 1875 None In Swea, April, 1875, road, 13 miles.... None [n Greenwood, June, 1875 None In Portland &nd Plum Creek, September, 1875, road, 11 miles, Hegarty, damage 35 00 In Hurt and Fenton, September, 1875, road, 10^4 miles None [n Seneca, October, 1875, road, 0 miles, None [n Seneca, October, 1875, road, 7 miles, None In Greenwood, October, 1875, road, 18 miles None In Algona, December, 1875 None No effort has been made to give the length of all of.these roads, but a few serve to show that they were import ant. Now compare with the record of these two years the ten last roads located in the county, mostly in 1892: Road 303,18 miles across tlie north end of county, damage $1,360.00 Road 304, 13 miles in Ledyard and Springfield, damage 850.00 Road 300, three miles iu 13urt, damage 274 00 Road 307, six miles In Hurt, damage $555.10—since rescinded. Road 308, live miles In Harrison, damage 00,00 Road 309, one mile In Greenwood, damage 45.00 Road 371, one mile In Seneca, damage 140.00 3oad ,373, two miles in Greenwood, damage 134.75 Road 373, one uille In Garfleld, damage 80.00 Road 374, three miles in Rlverdale, damage 340.00 Here we have an expenditure of near- y $4,000 road damages mainly in the north of the county in little more than year, us against a total of $119.50 in the rears 1874 and 1875. when many more niles of road were laid. This added to ,he fact that up till 1874 practically no damages had been allowed on any roads vhatever, and that, prior to that year, vll the main county roads had been aid, effctually disposes of the fiction hat the early owners of land used for •oads in the south end of the county, or north end either for that matter, received any pay, No such thing was thought of in those days, except In cases where the laying of the road Injured a grove, or in other ways proved an actual inconvenience. And for years after that, up till 1884. no thought was had of paying lor land for roiids. How the abuse gradually grew is shown by the figures of road expense taken from the county books: Jan. 1,1881, to Jan. 1, 1882 ..I 600.40 Jan. 1,1882, to Jan. 1, 1883 1 ?°-?2 Jan. 1, 1883, to Jan. 1, 1884 3 |?-22 Jan. 1, 1884, to Jan. 1, 1880 1,766.70 Jan. 1, 1886, to Jan. 1, 1887 1,067.20 Jan. 1,1887, to Jan. 1, 1888 1,067.20 Jan. 1, 1888, to Jan. 1, 1880 1,040.35 Jan. 1, 1889, to Jan. 1, 1890 2,906.56 Jan. 1,1890, to Jan. 1,1891 1,967.90 It is within the lasteight or ten years that this whole scheme of getting a road laid for the purpose of selling land at a big figure has been worked» and long since the bulk of the roads in the south end of the county were established. We are glad this discussion has been raised, for we believe it will bring to the board in its action a practically unanimous 'support. We do not believe there is a tax payer in the county who will honestly say that the county should go on buying land at fancy prices of the very men who are to be accommodated by the roads. Certainly none of the tax payers of the north end, who gave up their land In 1874 and 1875 for the main roads of that section without any recompense, will endorse a scheme now by which they will have to pay for every mile of road hereafter laid at the rapidly increasing value of the land. The board has taken a wise step in refusing to pay any more damages for right-of-way. What has been done has been, and the newer sections of the county can not say that the older sections bonefltted at their expense. The records show the contrary. The land given years ago for roads is just as valuable as any. The owners have sacrificed just as much. Let those who want roads do as the early settlers did, contribute the right- of-way. This is the only possible course for the county to pursue, if it does not» Want to be bankrupted with road damages, and we believe the board is cordially endorsed in its present policy—a policy which has been generally adopted in the state. If, however, it be the general sentiment that the county should be taxed to pay for every acre of land used for roads, justice demands that the owners of all land be treated alike, and the county should pay for the roads it has had for 30 years, as well as for those still to be laid. In fact it should pay more, for the early settlers have been out the use of their land all these years and the land generally is more valuable in the market. A careful estimate is that it would cost the county over $200,000 to pay for the roads now in use, for which no damage has ever been al- ^yqd. If the policy of paying for roadways at market rates is to be revived, let the board provide , for all roads, and let us go into road bankruptcy all at once, instead of by inches as is proposed. It will come to the same thing in the end either way. PHIL. 0. HANNA ORDERED SOUTH. Word Comes From Washington That He is Wanted in Venezuela. The Sioux City Journal says: It was expected that Phil. Hanna, United States consul to Venezuela, would visit Sioux City the last of this week and part of next to renew old acquaintances, and be the guest of his sister and brother-in-law, Rev. and Mrs. A. H. Colton. He is at Livermore, where he was married February 8 to Miss Lulu May, daughter of H. H. Cornick. He and his bride have been spending some time in Humboldt county, his old home, and would have come to Sioux City but for orders received the other day from Washington to return at once to South America, as important matters demand his attention there. In consequence of this Mrs. Colton will go to Livermore this morning for a brief visit with her brother before his departure. Mr. Hanna is a brother of Judge Hanna of Humboldt county, who is now in Texas and is well known in Sioux City and through the state, as he has taken an active part in politics. He took an important part in the recent revolution in Venezuela and protected the Americans there from robbery by those who wanted to gain money to carry on a war. He was complimented by our government on the stand he took, and three men-of-war were sent to support him. It is thought by his friends that his action at that time will prevent the next administration from removing him, ° WEST BEND LIKED IT. The Dedication \vas a Success According to the West Bond Tribune. Mayor Sheetz' address was full of patriotic feeling nicely expressed, and if the citizens of Algona are all imbued with the same feeling of gratitude to to the owner and the company that has undertaken the management of ,the opera house, then indeed will the city reap the greatest benefits from this great public improvement. One feature of Mr. Young's address struck us very forcibly, an! that was where he referred to' 'the conditions that were necessary to build citiflT The speaker said it was not natural advantages that made cities, but strong local pride and public enterprise. Cities were made in spite of natural conditions, by pluck and perseverance. True words, and how much they mean to hundreds of towns and cities that . Algona has a beautiful opera house It is magnificent, and wouldbe a Sit to anv city in the country. They mav well feel proud of their city of S opera house and of the nublfo-XiritS man who has given it to them and let them such a worthy example. rianos and Organs. For organs from $55 upward- for anos from $250 upward; for orsan piano sheet music and books- To? .ng machines from $20 to $50 £j w ng machine repairs for all machined for sewing machine needles tw all S

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