The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on December 30, 1891 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 30, 1891
Page 4
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s-v ft*-' * t - „ tf^i'^-K -;--vms The Upper Des Moines BY 1NGHAM & WARREN. term* of fhe ttyper fte* One copy, ofte yen* 11.50 One copy, nix month* ir> One copy, three month*.., 40 Bftmlt by draft, money order,"fcxprcBft order, erjktttal note at onr risk. Bate* of advertlftlng Kent on application. STATE Considerable discussion is going on about how to regulate and adjust the enormous demands for appropriations at the hands of the coming legislature. Almost any two of a dozen claims being urged would exhaust tho treasury, and all of them would bankrupt the state. •Some are urging the appointment of a , permanent board whoso duty it shall be to sift and modify and masticate these claims for legislative digestion, There may bo and undoubtedly Is merit in tho suggestion. But it docs not go to the root of tho trouble, and no scheme will which attempts to divest the legislature of responsibility. This is exactly tho trouble already. The willingness of members to pass any appropriation bill so long as their interests are secured, their unwillingness to outline at the start some plan of state expenditure and adhere to it, is alone responsible for the astonishing demands now being made. No one doubts that two years ago appropriations wore scoured which were not seriously expected by their advocates. No one doubts that other appropriations wore cut down or refused because those others had boon granted, and tho grab bag hold only a certain amount., There was*neither method nor plan in tho , distribution, though In tho end it was perhaps fair enough., But the fact that ohoek and successful lobbying determined results brings any possible claim into tho pool with a fair clianco of getting something. An example of what this' method of distributing money moans Is soon in tho present claim of tho stale normal school. On tho hoots of a big appropriation last session It asks $50,000 extra this winter. Now if tho question of normal schools wore to bo passed upon on Its merits there Is not an educator in Iowa, and probably not a member of tho legislature, who would not say at once that $50,000 in a now school would accomplish Ion limes as much as It would expended at Codar Falls, so important to tho success of those schools is accessible location. Wo have no doubt that President Soorloy .himself believes this. And yot unless tho pressure of a lobby is brought to bear tho question of extending the normal school system of tho stale will not oven bo thought of, and if Codar Falls has enough friendly votes in tho right placo tho whole $50,000 may bo secured, when a second thought is not required to show any man that if tho system Is not to bo extended one normal school is an unjust piece of state favoritism. Side by sldo with this claim stands that of tho state university, and on Its merits will receive no more consideration than tho other. In fact it will stand In a poorer light because special interests are more urgent In preventing tho university from getting anything. And yot tho reason why tho stato should not put more money in tho one stato normal, is Iho vory reason why tho stato university should bo liberally treated. Tho university in tho cap stono of tho educational system of tho stato. It stands to tho outside world as tho epitome of our school system. Whilo tho essential element of value In tho normal school system IB tho scattering of tho schools, tho essential ALGtONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, DEC. 30, 1891. Pair comtniwion Wit not fa provided at the ekpefliRs 6f the fcalaf left of the college proteWwrs of the state, and the tew remaining men of note will follow Hammond and Bessey a»d Anderson and the rent to neighboring schools. It may be all right to have a committed to superintend and assist In arranging demands for appropriations; but what is needed much*more is a few men on the committees and in the legislature to in a statesmanlike way grasp tho situation, understand the profitable avenues of public expenditure, and sit down oh the grab-bag method of distributing public funds. One winter of vigorous pruning would end indiscriminate and unwarranted demands, and the proper sifting committee thereafter would bo the best friends of the various institutions. They wouhfMiow better than to ask for anythinplPhich in all fairness they wore not entitled to. WHMJUS IOWA STANDS, •* Tho Iowa democrats In congress voted solidly for Mills for speaker, and now that tho committees are named they discover that Mills men are at a discount. Tho only chairmanship given to Iowa comes to Judge Hayes and that s on education. Another appointment which savors of a joko is that of Bowman of Council Bluffs on tho committee 'or tho suppression of Intemperance. None of the members get Important places and only one or two Iowa names show up on committees which are considered of enough interest to bo pub- Ishod In full by tho associated press. Walt. Butlor expected to got on tho coinage committee, whore tho silver question is settled, but is on invalid pensions. Hamilton is on tho commit- too on patents, which has nothing to do. White Is on tho agricultural committee, and Scorly on public lands. Each of tho members is on another committee of about equal importance. Tho Iowa democrats cut absolutely no figure In the slate, and no state has more Insignificant appointments. Even tho Iowa republicans have fared bettor, for Henderson is on tho second best committee—thato'f appropriations; Dol- liverlsontho naval commitloo, now very important, and on tho Columbian, and war claims commltlces; Capt. Hull has military affairs, railroads, and canals, tho latter likely to have important work; Flick has invalid pensions, Pacific railroads, and mileage; and Perkins has territories, merchant marine, and fisheries. But tho whole batch of appointments makes a sorry showing for Iowa's influence In this session compared to that she exercised under Speaker Reed's rule. Then Gear was a leader on tho ways and means committee, which is chief in importance. Lacy was on the elections committee, Rood on judiciary, Conger chairman of tho coinage com- mitloo, Sweeney on commerce, Strublo chairman of tho committee on territories. Tho Cedar Rapids Republican has searched tho record and finds that in tho last session tho Iowa republican members hold twenty-six places on loading committees: Gear, Henderson, Stru- blo, Conger, and Sweeney throe each; presidential bargains. Then indeed %tll the ft«8t* o! the democracy H«e 16 their might and in their tf rath* scatter* ing these Impious deepoilerfl of truth and faith like a herd of cattle. The future alone can determine this, but the present is too time for mincing words; it is time for plain talk. The speaker's experiment starts out with, the almost universal distrust of democrats in every part of the union." The Emnmsburg Democrat sees the situation as it Is: "The present sign* are that Grover Cleveland does not desire the nomination for the presidency. Ho would 'hardly be nominated In case he did." Tho Estherville Republican says very truly: " It Is a hard matter to get the .public out of tho notion Mint un editor aim his personal likes and dislikes through his paper. A true editor docs nothing of tho kind. His paper and he are two separate Individuals, and although tho editor makes the paper talk he operates It—or should operate it—wfth the same fairness that blind Justice weighs out equality to all." Speaking of Gov. Boies appointing Wheeler and HutoKlson to act for tho relief of Kussla, tho LeMars Sentinel soys: "Evidently Gov. Boies was indulging In a bit of ghastly humor when he perpetrated this on his two recently defeated antagonists. It is a grand and noble movement to relieve the starving human beings In a sis- tor country. It Is possible, however, that men may not fool like officiating as hospital stewards so BOOH after attending their own political obsequies." ftnd"*vim. we CMgrtubiM Messrs; tnghmn publlshert, on tfcelf pn»h DATS OF MISSION RULE ' DEMOCRATS OK t*rai»*lne CbuHer Jbiirhol (beta.) : Th* Seleetloa «ff Mr. Springer for chairman would not be a happy one if there Was nothing back 6f U. Bat with the incident* of tho caucus fresh In the mitidg of the people it is positively unfortunate. Kansas City Times <Detn.) : It is unfor- i u ,, t !? te . that Mf>1 Crl »P did not B*ve Mr. Whitller Doo. 17. passed his 84th birthday Senator Funk says that tho Iowa World's Fair commission have a great surprise In store U they really expect tho legislature to grant what thoy ask. Tho Emmetsburg Democrat has been changed to tho six-column quarto form and Is much Improved In consequence. The Democrat hns boon Improving steadily In all linos under tho Brannlgan management, except in politics. That, wo are sorry to say, is us bourbon us ever. ,,. 1 . Mills the ways and means chairmanship. His reasons may be good from his standpoint, but the country thinks that the place belonged to the leader of 1888. St. Louis Republic (Dem.) : Mr. Springer is a good man, who up to date, has never weighed ten pounds in politics. But when he steps on the scales to be Weighed at the close or this congress he may pull heavy enough to move a majority of bis district to return him. The Republic hopes so at any rate. Indianapolis Sentinel (Dem.): Mr. Springer's Christmas present of announcement of his policy will not fill the democratic stocking to bursting. Ho says : "If we can do something with wool and a few other articles it is all wo can hope to do' at .present." For heaven's sake don't hurt the tariff, Mr. Springer. Just smooth it down a little. Milwaukee Journal (Dom.): The most distinguished statesmen in the world today must be those who voted steadily for Mr. Springer for speaker. They can now see that he was simply trading on their votes. not to bo elected himself, but to bring what to him can only be the empty title of leader of the house. A more shamoful trick was never played than that of which Speaker Crisp's committee list proves Mr. Springer guilty. Sftrty History of C&llfofrnfa in Tha .Furnishes Something: Unique and Peculiar. Those Wire Days in which Superstition and Belief in Miracles were Dominant Features There. IN THIS NEIQHBOBHOOD. Britt Tribune: The public schools closed Friday fora two weeks' vacation. Prof. BarSlou has gone to Bancroft to join Mrs. B, wlio has been there for a couple of weeks visiting her parents. Goldfield Chronicle: Rev. W. A. Black, the presiding elder, will dedicate the First Methodist Episcopal church in Renwick on Sunday, Jan. 3, 1892. Several former ministers will be invited to bo present. £ number of singers from different points on tho circuit will assist ' " ' priato music. in rendering uppro- Tho Livermoro Gazette says: " Few towns in tho state send out as many wido- uwuko, cloan-prlntod newspapers us Algona." When Russell Sago was about to be blown up ho grubbed a young man named Laidlow and hold him in front of him. Laidlow was terribly injured and will sue Sugo for $100,000 damages. Gen. Palmer of Illinois seems to be tho choice of tho now democratic movement. His presidential boom is on. Tho democrats in Louisiana split on tho lottery question. Two tickets are in tho field. have state olomont of value in a university is tho concentration in one place of state aid to higher education, Tho university is in competition with tho schools of other states. If it is to bo maintained at all, Iowa should keep it to tho front. Lust year it received what was called a liberal appropriation and yot Gov. Pillsbury as a private donation, gavo more to tho Minnesota university, and ovory other university iu a stato of equal ago was more liberally treated. And side by side with tho university appropriation will oomo tho astonishing demands of tho World's Fair commission, whoso claim for personal expenses alone foots up somo $80,000. Considering that tho salaries of tho whole 150 members of tho legislature who attend to tho extensive and varied interests of tho state are only $75,000 for tho session, it is at least noteworthy that Iowa Is askod to have so expensive u commission to exhibit so small part of hvrsolf. And yot it is true that ollloluls who servo the stato for the wages of or- Dolllvor, Rood, Korr, and Flick two ouch. A groat deal has boon said about tho lljjure Iowa would cut if the democrats could got into power, and about tho slights put upon tho west by republican managers. If tho relative respect shown by tho two parties to Iowa in congress bo any tost, there would soom lo bo a screw looso in democratic promises up to date. 18 DU01HMSD. Speaker Crisp announced his mlttooa last Wednesday, and dinary mechanics will often assist in creating public jobs which pay like presidencies in railways and insurance companies. With tho governor, judges, legislators, and officials of Iowa able und willing to devote thoir best energies to the public service for a modest recompense, it would soom that public- spirited citizens enough ought to bo found to superintend an exhibit at Chicago for their expenses and a vory reasonable salary. Chus, Aldrlch has done a much more important work for Iowa for practically nothing. Why should a World's Fair exhibit be managed like one of Tweod'd building enterprises in New York? And yet in the scramble for appropriations there is no assurance that a fat job for the comas was rumored, Roger Q. Mills was dropped from tho tariff committee. As was also rumored tho free silver men are in a majority on tho coinage committee. Those two circumstances almost confirm tho statement that Crisp heads a reaction against President Cleveland and his polioy, and that for the present the democracy is dropping tariff reform as an issue and aiming (it froo silver. Tho manner in which Mills accepts tho situation moans this also. Ho threatens to introduce a general tariff hill and move to have it referred to his committee on inter-state commerce. This would bring on a test vote at onco, and allow tho democrats to say whether they will go buck on their policy of tho past three years and accept tho old-time tariff dodging which Springer sooms to favor and which Cleveland put a veto to. Mills is honest enough in his ideas to make such a move, and precipitate a party fight. Ho belongs to tho rugged, bull headed, It is confidently claimed that four republican representatives are going to vote with tho democrats to repeal prohibition. Their names are not published but the Des Moines Capital says it has soon tho list. If tho report is true there will bo a majority against tho law. Those who have come to know the value of tho independent political comment of the Christian Union will appreciate its opinion of President Harrison's recent appointments: "It is u groat satisfaction to commend without reservation tho president's selections of men for very honorable and important positions. Of the six Judges named, four are republicans and two are democrats, Tho fact that democrats were nominated is in itself worthy of note. Tho The president's solo desire In making these appointments sooms to have been, as in tho case of previous Judicial appointments, to honor tho ofllco by securing t>.o very highest ability and character." Livermoro Independent: Asa Smith has sold his 160 acre farm to Dr. Vaught, and bought one in Algona of half the size. Ho contemplates in the future of caring for the wants of his family, and also hopes by his pursuasive preaching to induce the wayward sinner to flee from the wrath of God. Mrs. Peter Wagner of St. Joe died early Monday morning, a red 55 years. Mrs. W. had long been poorly with consumptive indications, which seemed more and more obstinate as time passed, until three months since she was confined to her bed. Hampton Recorder: H. A. Clock and wife of Algona made a flying visit to friends here, coming down Monday and returning yesterday Miss Emma Reeve of Algona is visiting her friends and relatives in this vicinity and will spend Christmas at her mother's in Reeve township. Estherville will have a tow-mill. Emmetsburg Democrat: The Algo- manage- na normal school, under the and fighting class who favor %xnvass, and who will not trim opou thoir convictions to suit tho purposes of penny politicians like Hill. Ho has ai earnest supporter in Henry Wattorsoi whoso editorial on Crisp is very spioj reading. Ho says: " For tho llrst time iu tho history of tho democratic party in congress is tho principle laid down that tlio organization of tho house is a matter not of friendly rivalry among frlouds, but of personal aggrandise- ment and factional power. Wo hud hoped for bettor things. A stronger man than Orlsp might huvo paused before giving himself and party over to this. If the results vindicate his forecast, well unit good. If Uioy full to do so, which sooms only too likely, ho will live to regret his owueloo- Watterson continues that If the defeat of Mills moans a bargain with Hill "by which democratic principles are to bo sacrificed to congressional and THAT TWENTY-PAGE PAPER. Emmetsburg Democrat: TUB Ui-i-EitDus MOINKS is certainly a model country paper. Goldfiold Chronicle: We believe it was the largest paper ever printed in uorth- wostoi-u lowii. Clay County News: Tirn Ui'i-nu DKB MOINES is a credit not only to its citv and county, but to the state. Hancock Signal: Tun UITEK DBS MOINES. which is ono of tho boss papers of the northwest, issued a twenty-pugo paper last Carroll Sentinel: THE UPI-EU DES MOINES publishes twenty pages of interesting reading matter with plenty of advertising all gotten up in an artistic fashion. LuVerne News: Tun UPI-EH DBS MOINES Uttiulod its raiders a whole library last week. That twenty-page edition was creditable both to the publishers and tho town. Carroll Herald: It showed much hard work in preparation and commendable enterprise In its publication. That paper is always up to tho *' — ' ' • every feature. Webster City Graphic: Tho Algona Ui>- I'Eit DES MOINKS outdid all our exchanges in getting out a holiday edition. It came out . _ . .'cr, and was ing matter and tasty ment of Prof. Ohaffee, is pronounced a success ,1. B. Jones of Algona promises to open up a bank at Ledyard early next spring Spirit Lake and Algona are away behind the times. Thoy both have skating rinks yet. Whilo Sargent, the Spirit Lake offender against the fish law, was lying in the Estherville jail, some rascal burned his house and its contents. Prof. Tobin of Iowa Falls Normal Training school has made Humboldt propositions looking to establishing a school there. Humboldt has secured the next meeting of the Northern Iowa Horticultural society which will occur sometime next fall. The last meeting occurred atEagle Grove last week. After a week's session the West Bend schools were again closed on account of the scarlet fever. They have been ordered closed until the first Monday in J anuary. By that time it is hoped the disease may bo stamped out. Eagle Grove Gazette: Mrs. W. S Creed has been in town during the past week. She was called here by the illness of her mother, Mrs. Slade, who has been quite sick for sometime..., . J. C. Heckart could not wait until To the Editor: The times and man nerofthe mission rule in California make the early history of the Pacifii coast unique and peculiar when com pared with the settlement of the other states of our union. The times were during an age of superstition and belie in miracles, and the manner was that o the church and state of Spain uniting to enslave a weak and inferior race o people. Here was a vast territory, re puted wealthy in gold and of immense resources, occupied by weak tribes liv ing in the grossest ignorance and super stition. Hence the church and state turned to this country with sanguine expectations of extending, on the one hand, the kingdom of Spain, and on the other the spiritual dominion of the church. The original plan was for soldiers to establish presidios along the coast ant occupy the country, while the padres should gather the Indians into the vil lages, teach them to work, instruc them in .religion and fit them for citi zenship, and it was thought that ten years would be ample time in which to accomplish this result, when the mis' sions would be converted into churches, The missions were under the charge ol Franciscan friars. The central figure and chief organizer of the original missions was Father Junipero Serra, the most patient and self sacrificing worker among them all. He was the first president, and to him more than to any other man is due the credit for making the missions what they were for good in his day. The ceremony of founding a mission consisted in first erecting a huge cross, afterwards a booth of boughs was built, bells were rung, guns fired, mass was .•said, a Te Deum was sung and the place consecrated by the sprinkling- of holy water. The work of obtaining converts was at first very slow, at some places the padras used persuasion and argument, at others gifts of cloth and beads, and still at others miracles were said to have been wrought, while undoubtedly more or less force was everywhere used. The first mission was founded by Father Junipero Serra on Sunday, July 46. 1769, at San Diego. Here the natives visited the mission accepted the gifts, were friendly and importunate, begging for what they wanted and failing in that would steal it if possible. They would not touch the food of the Spaniards, but everything else was in demand; they even tried to pillage the vessel lying in the harbor, and as the Indians grew more and more troublesome from day to day threats and even the noise of the firearms were treated with derision. There came, at last, a crisis, and the soldiers attacked the Indians, killing three, wounding several, and putting the crowd to flight, but not before a volley of arrows from the savages resulted in the death of a Spanish boy and the of four others, one being times and interesting in last week us a twenty-page paper, and chuck full of good rending matter and "nds." Estharvillo Vindicator: Last week's issue of the Algona UWBU DES MOINES consisted of twelve pages beside the regular edition of eight pages, and was a flue specimen of editorial and mechanical ability Messrs. Inghani & Warren, the editors, are first-class newspaper men. LeMars Sentinel: Tho Algona UWEU Dus MOISES issued a twenty-page holiday paper last week. It was ably edited and printed in tho highest stylo of tho art. THE Ui'i'BH DBS MOINKS is one of our brightest exchanges. It does noble work in ailvunc- iug tho general prosperity of Kossuth county, Esthervlllo Republican: Tho Algonu UP- I'Eu DBS MOINES has issued u holiday edi tion of twenty pages that cups tho climax ou anything of tho kind ever issued from u couutry printing ofBco. It is » model typo- jraphloally ami shows "business und imiins" from start te fluish iu its other features. Eagle Grove Gazette: TUB Urrvu DES MOISES cume out lost week iu truly metropolitan stylo—twenty pages of solid road- Christmas eve for his tree; little boys always become so impatient the week before that great event. Tho tree loaded with all the nice things imaginable, is the center of attraction to all the boys and girls. Hancock Signal: A number of the boys and girls are talking of the advisability of organizing a mutual "grip company" and whenever a member is floored by that complaint the balance are assessed to the extent of his doctor bill. Don't let the fact that you already have tho grip deter you from joining; you are just as likely to have it again. Kossuth Teacher Items. Belmond has secured one of Kossuth county's bright young teachers, Mr, C. M. Salisbury, for the grammer school department at a salary of $40 a month. The winter term at the normal school began Dec. 8, with an enrollment of more than 60 pupils. Prof. Chaffee's worth is appreciated by the students and the people. This will be the last issue of the Kossuth County Teacher. Mr. Reed, superintendent-elect, informs us that he will not continue its publication. We have tried to make it what we ourselves have tried to be—a helper of every teacher in the county. We may not have been successlul, but we have reason to believe that the paper has wounding Vizcaino, a priest. This was a sad beginning for missionary work, and it was more than a year before the first convert was baptized, llns was not the only mission that had trouble in obtaining converts, for the noise of the soldiers and the ringing of the bells so frightened the Indians at one place that it was weeks before they would return; at another place the cruel treatment of the Indian women by the soldiers came near causing the abandonment of the work. At San Gabriel it is said that at the unfurling of a banner with a picture of a virgin on one side and of an Indian in hell on the other, the savages all fell down before the padre and begged to be baptized. This event is recorded as a most wonderful miracle wrought by the intercession of the angel Gabriel. There were established, in all, twenty-one missions, extending from San Diego on the south to Solano on the north, all being near the coast and about a dav's journey apart. When an Indian was baptized the work of conversion was completed and the growth and grace were manifested by the number of adobe brick or amount of work he could be induced to turn out. The padres founded no schools, made no effort to improve the mental condition of tho converts, taught the Indians no trades, except so far as it was for the good of the mission. They were not even taught the Spanish language further than to say "Love to God," which might as well have been "Jack Kobinson" so far as any information of its meaning to them was concerned. As soon as a mission was established and converts obtained they were set to work making bricks, digging ditches, planting orchards and vineyards, and caring for the flocks and herds. The the as they lived a better life in the aria* sioris than in the forests. A Russian captain, Kotzebue, visited the mission at Monterey, and after speaking of the kind treatment he had received at the. hands 'of the padres, says: " The .neophytes are simply Slaves, captured in their homes by the lasso and dragged into the missions to toil until death re^ lieved them from tyrannical masters who treated them worse ^than cattle." In 1795 more than two hundred neophytes deserted the San Francisco mission, and in the report of the commander of the presidio to his superior he gave it as his opinion that the cause ' was due to the cruelty of the padres and too little food. la 1797 there were large desertions from the northern missions, and after the soldiers had captured the fugitives and compelled their return an investigation was held as to the cause of the desertion, and the testimony shows that it was due to excessive flogging and hunger, one witness testifying that his mother, two brothers, and three nephews had died , of starvation and he ran away to escape a like fate. One man was flogged for crying when his wife and child died; another man was refused food be* cause he was not at work, as his sou. was sick; and so on, in like manner, many others testifying to the hardships of their lot. After the testimony was all in, nine of the fugitives were sentenced to receive from twenty-five to seventy-five lashes and work, in shackles from two to twelve months. La Perouse, a French discoverer, in 1786 visited the mission, and in his account says of the neophytes that they are "too much a child, too much a slave, and too little a man," and spoke of them as a very Inferior race of people. Gov. Neve said he thought the progress of the faith would be more rapid and the prayers of the Indians more agreeable to the Suprme Being if they were not under so great constraint. Gov. Neve was opposed to using the soldiers to hunt the fugitives, and of this Father Lauson complains that they have no other means of recovering them. It Is said of Fathe* 1 Junipero, the kindest and most gentle of them all, that it never occurred to him to doubt his absolute right to flog his neophytes for the slightest neglect in matters of faith. The rule of Zalvadea at San GabrieL is one continuous round of the stocks, shackles, and flogging, and' that not snly in the ordinary brutal manner, but torturing and extreme cruelty were added to the inhuman chastisements. At last the governor passed a aw regulating the amount of flogging that the padres might inflict. Not only the padres, but the soldiers also Created the Indians with great cruelty. [t is said that at one mission the soldiers captured women with the lasso and took them to the garrison, and ihen threatened to shoot the men if they interfered. These facts are gathered from the records of the padres themselves; and what more might be said, and how dark would be the picture if we had the Indians' account of ihe days of the mission rule, the time of his slavery! The seed, the cattle, he provisions, the church furniture vere all shipped into the country at irst, and many experiments had to be made and many failures followed, some of the original locations of the mssions were abandoned and new ones elected, but at last patient industry, rugahty, and hard work reaped a rich • •eward and the most sanguine expecta- lons of the pedres were more than •ealized. During the first few years the home government had to ship supplies to the missions, but the time soon came when he granaries were filled to overflow- ng, when the store-houses were filled vith choice wines and brandies, and nip loads of hides and tallow and grain vere sent to Mexico annually. The hole country about the San Gabriel mission, from the forest near Los An- eles to the San Bernardino mountains "as covered with sheep and cattle and prses until orders were issued at va- lous- tunes to kill off the surplus orses as they were increasing too rap- dly. The missions supplied the pres- dios with provisions, and the state soon became indebted to the church! and there was a large bank account in Mexico and also a large reserve in tho pious fund. After thl year 1800 trad* ing vessels began to visit the miss cms and large quantities of produce we™ exchanged for cloth, furniture/flour ornaments, and lumber ' The year 1821 was the most prosper- . that all "the missions, ten years af- " o nueh° Un0n ' mu b changed andSt', 811 ^ 0 , 01 to ^cular authority, and after the independence of Mexico * hflT 61 '! 11116 "* was not favorable to the old system, of land monopoly, tainted as it was with a sort of human sla- »n7rh About1825 the rulers in Mexico and the governor in this province began the agitation of this olS law concerning the secularization of the Sfa. it was proposed to never missed its aim. There are many ways in which a superintendent may help the teachers, and Mr. Reed will be sure to find the best way. PURE Wisconsin W. F. Carter's. buckwheat flour at NEW strictly pure maple syrup at W. F. Carter's. IP you need a pair of shoes for winter wear do not fail to call on F. S. Stough. fields in the busy season, were taught to weave, make baskets, to do housework, and wait on the padres. While it is undoubtedly true that most of the padres were inspired with a desire to help the Indians and sought to make the burdens of life as light as possible, yot the austerity of their religion and their methods taught them that oftentimes cruelty was kindness, and thev enforced the tasks of the laborer with the lash. When we consider the character of the Indian, the life of freedom he had lived, his love of ease and aversion to work, we are prepared to hear of more heroic methods than soft arguments and miracles being used to produce the vast amount of labor that was performed by them. When the inventory was made in 1880 the shackles, handcuffs fetters, whips, etc., on hand bhowthat the supply of these articles was carefully attended to. Capt. Win. Beechy, an Englishman, visited this coast in 1826, and says of the Indians, that while the methods employed to bring them into the mission are not very creditable, yet the change seems advantageous to them, citizens. '-WhTle-TliT^s ^Vnol openly oppose this meaCef yet they hing possible to de- working. Governor to carrv out, this secretly did evert feat its successful Figueroa undertoe HH k l % ii

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