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UPPME BES MOINISJ ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY DEC, 16, 1891. ERltJAN STUDENTS ABROAD, II 11 V s - \ [ndtedU of Toon* Men and Women •ft European Unlr»r*ltl«*. reteeht statement from Berlin '8 to what an increasing extent; thesel days, young Americans, es- liy graduates of our colleges, finishing their home education, _ _ broad to study, remarks a writer in tnVfouth's Companion. At Berlin University alone, it is stated, there are 208 American students pursuing the regular university courses. Besides these there are many other young Americans in Berlin engaged in special studies, for which Germany's high state of advancement in science and the arts affords particular faculties. Some are busy investigating Dr. Koch's Supposed cure for comsumption; some are studying music under eminent German masters; some are learning the German language; some are being taught painting, drawing and sculpture. Our larger colleges—such. as Harvard, Yale, Princeton. Cornell and Johns Hopkins—are most numerously represented; and there are more medical students among the Americans than students of any other branch. Next Come those who are studying philosophy and political science, history and physics. The fame of German professors' in each branch of learning has attracted many of our young' men, who desire' to become eventually professors and teachers, and so study abroad with a view to Obtaining special efficiency in the Mrious departments. At Berlin, moreover, there tire many American divinity students who listen to the lectures of celebrated 1 professors like Hoermack and Pffoid- erer. Most of the American musical students are young women who are finishing off their home musical education and intend to become either teachers or public singers or performers. The number of young Americans who attend the famous Berlin philharmonic concerts has been repeatedly remarked. But, of course, Berlin is by no means the only European educational and art centre where young Americans congregate for instruction. There is a considerable colony of them at Heidelberg and also at Bonn, and a' few are scattered at Gottingen and other German universities, each one of which is famous in some special field. Paris, too, claims a large number of American scholars, who go to the "siren of cities" for three purposes especially—to learn art music and medicine. • Scattered through the Paris schools and "pensions, are to be found very many American girls, who have gone thither to learn the "language of 'courts," and to receive the polish which is supposed to finish off a young girl's education, and to impart to her exceptional grace and good manners. At Dresden and Munich, at Florence and Borne are gathered many young Americans, attracted by the musical advantages and art treasures of those historic cities. It would be interesting if a census could be taken of all the American young people who are now engaged in learning something in Europe. Probably it would be found that they number several thousand. It is gratifying at least to learn, from the Berlin statement referred to, that 'American students of every branch are greatly respected by the instructors for their earnestness and industry." There are doubtless many advantages to youne Americans in thus pursuing a larger education at the ancient centres of learning in Europe. • But in the case of our young girls who go abroad to study, at least, every care should be taken by their friends that they are placed among good influences and surroundings while they sojourn In foreign cities. PECULIAR SERVANTS. John Had His Own Ideas of Appropriate Food for nillerollt Sexes. It is a well-known fact that China- men make excellent house servants, but they also have certain peculiarities which are a little odd at first to Americans brought up in the Eastern section of the country. An Eastern lady, now living in California, tells the following story of her first experience with one of the Mongolians, illustrating their great powers of imitation: She started one day to show the new servant how to make a cake. She told him to watch her make one and then to make the others like it. In preparing the eggs she broke two in a cup, and the third not suiting her she threw it out at the window. When John's turn came, true to the letter, if not the spirit of his instructions, he broke two eggs in a cup and threw a third out of the window. One.day the lady's husband had occasion to reprimand his servant very sharply. John got sulky, and when later in the day his mistress told him to kill a chicken for dinner, she heard him mutter to himself: "Me kill chicken for mistress, but me kill pup for master." It so happened that the lady owned several handsome puppies, and feared the almond-eyed heathen would carry out his threat She would not allow her husband to eat his dinner until she had assured herself that none were missing. —Boston Traveler. The Chicago The Fair Visitor (hesitatingly)—If you please, here's a little notice I wish inserted. The Society Editor—Certainly, madam; let me have it. The Fair YMlor fronds)— The sav- enth engagement of Mi% Smith-Jones- Brown-'J'homai-iUcjuu-ds. nee. Quit- email, \* announced. The favored •eveoth 4a : Mr.' I'ero'y, Wunoemorfc, of avenue. — Pittsbijrg PASSING THE GUARD. An Abfrel of Strength M Will Si an An**l of Mere)-. Mary A. Bickerdyk*. familiarly known among the soldiers as "Mother Bickerdyke." was a stalwart, loyal German woman who did heroic service during the war. She usually had her own tents and details of men to help her keep the soup-kettles going. She was accustomed to go where she pleased, just when she pleased, and as nearly all the soldiers knew her and her good works, and many of them had enjoyed a tin of soup from her kettles that were always full, no one thought of challenging her. "Who goes there?" "Mother Bickerdyke," was the answer, and that was enough. B there came a lot of new recruits i camp at one point who knew noth: of Mother Bickerdyke or her gi 'deeds. One of these was placed on duty where Mother Bickerdyko was compelled to pass on her rounds among the hospitals. One dark night she returned at a late hour. A new guard was passing his boat not far from her little group of tents. As she approached he challenged her:— "Halt! Who goes there?" "Mother Bickerdyke," she answered cheerily, "Advance and give the countersign." "I haven't the countersign." "You can't pass then." "Yes, I will; that tent is where I live, and I'm not going to bother myself to get the countersign at this late hour. Let me pass." "No. you can't pass." "I'm Mother Bickordyke," "I don't care who you are. I'll never " The sentence was not finished. She was physically a very powerful woman, and quick as a flash she sprang upon him, sent his gun in one direction and himself whirling in another. "I think hereafter you'll know who Mother Bickerdyke is!" was her comment as she passed on and entered her tent. The poor follow had been taken entirely by surprise, and spent the rest of his time till relieved from duty In searching for his gun, but was unable to find it till daylight next morning. He had heard of army nurses being angels of mercy; he now knew they were angels of strength. But after that he knuvv who Mother Bickerdyke was. —Home and Country. ECONOMY AND HOARDING. Two Different. Tilings, but Oftoii Considered the Sumo. Economy and hoarding are two widely different things, although one is too often mistaken for the other. The true law of life is to receive, to use, to pass on." Thus says a helpful article. It is wisdom to make provision for the future. For the improvident and shiftless I have small respect. It is not of this I speak, but of what is useless to its possessor that might do another good service, says a writer in Good Housekeeping. Do not nil garret and closets with cast-otf clothing, broken furniture, old books, etc. This is waste, and adds the burden of caring for worthless things. Give your poor neighbor your gowns and wraps that are out of style in fabric and fashion. When the day for making over comes, if it ever arrives, 10 to 1 the new material and cost of work will lead you to decide upon new, and the old, growing older, is still on hand. Pass on your old garments; there is a world of good for some one in them. The home missionary barrel would rejoice should you decide to swell its contents. Do not hoard even old trumpery. If you allow your house to be cumbered, moth and rust will corrupt. It is a law of nature that nothing be lost. Everything gravitates to purpose and use. Follow this law and send old books, magazines and papers to those who have no money to buy them. They will be a godsend to many hungering and thirsting for this very sort of mind food, and you will be enshrined in their memory, especially if the packages you send are la- belled "pass on." You will understand the compound interest that accrues. If there is positively no other use for old broken-down furniture, let it be split up for kindling. It is better so than to fill up and gather dust and be consigned to the wood-pile at last. How can a family live without a storeroom for useful, needed articles? What folly to fill it with' useless trumpery! Let everything that'can serve for convenience to others be passed on; otherwise clear out and clear off. If true that the maximum of good housekeeping is the minimum of old trumpery, our housekeepers will rouse to the subject Remember there is thut that seattereth, yet in- creaseth. And He Left. "I wish I wa.s a star," he said, smiling at his own poetic fancy. "I would rather you were a comet," she said dreamily. "And why?" he asked tenderly, at the same 'time taking her unresisting little hands in his own: •« And why?" he repeated, imperiously. "Oh!"she said, with a brooding earnestness that fell freezing upon bis soul, "because then you would come around only once every fifteen years." -^Pilgrims Progress. Illacltoncd Teeth. The blackened teeth of the Malays and Siamese are not produced as has brs'im supposed heretofore, by coating I.VMIJ with a mixture of betel and uui<j. out by rubbing the teoth with a paste ID tide from ulMirreU cucounut kernels. ThU is w«fully uppllod to the ieetji ag'in au4 %^4l», until j, \ l;laok yarnijh hjilod Ui THE STRANGE 8TORY OF PSPA A Maid St. vant t»h» Kserelied • Po*r- f*i Intnenee. Recently there died In Franca a woman who. although ill-favored and disagreeable, exerclitd a most powerful influence In the destinies of Europe, says the New York Recorder. Extraordinary though it may appear, the was nothing but a Servant girl, with so little education that she barely knew how to write her name, which was Pepa. She was a Spaniard by birth and was the maid and confidential factotum of the Empress Eugenie both before and after her marriage to Napoleon. It is generally admitted that the Empress Eugenie was principally responsible for many of the most cruel of France's disasters. She was entirely under the control of her maid, who possessed all of the vices and none of the virtues of the Spanish character. The emperor and many of Eugenie's friends and relatives repeatedly implored her to dismiss Pepa, but without avail, and it was current at the time that she owed her exceedingly strong position to some dangerous secret of her mistress, which the latter feared she would reveal. Pepa commenced her career as a mere maid, with white apron and cap, in the service of the old countess of Montijo, taking her meals In the kitchen. She afterward became the maid and confidante of Eugetfie, being aware of all her flirtations and adventures prior to her marriage to Napoleon. On becoming empress, Eugenie appointed her first femme do chambre, and subsequently gave her the place of treasurer of her household. Just before the latter promotion she married a corporal of the imperial guard, whose good looks pleased her, and at the emperor's request the corporal was advanced to the rank of lieutenant on the wedding day. Every purchase made by the empress passed through Popa's hands— not only those of clothes, but also of pictures, statues, bric-a-brac and jewels. In each case Pepa insisted on obtaining a commission, and thus it was that when the empire came to an end, in 1870, she possessed a fortune of 5,000, 000 francs in money and 800,000 francs in jewels deposited in the vaults of the Bank of France. The amount of her wealth became known just before the declaration of war. through the death of her husband, which rendered it necessary that an inventory should be taken of her properly. All the dresses, and In fact, the whole wardrobe of the empress, with the exception of certain valuable furs and laces, were included in Pepa's perquisites. The empress rarely wore a dross more than once—or at the most twice—and accordingly they accumulated fast Every month or two Fepa used to organize a regular auction sale of all these dresses in her apartment in the Tuileries which were situated in the Pavilion de Flore. Great ladles and demi-mondalnes alike attended these extraordinary sales, when it was possible to obtain a dress worth many thousand francs at a cost of only a few hundred francs. Pepa was small, swarthy and angular; her lips were thin and cruel, and her small eyes vicious and cunning. At the palace she was hated, but feared. Indeed, the familiars of the court were wont to regard her in much the same manner as the courtiers of Richelieu looked upon the cardinal's confessor, 1'Eminence Grise. When the Ship Come* lu. An uncommonly interesting place in New York is the East Side dock where the ships from California tie up, bringing with themi among other things, large quantities of California wine, and taking back all sorts of manufactured articles. The wine Is often sold on the wharf and those persons that gape in amazement at the cheapness of Zlnfandel as advertised by the wine dealers would be even more astonished at the rates per barrel prevailing at the wharves. There is a vast amount of bustle on sale days, and bung starters and spirit testers are in constant demand. Many thousand gallons of the wine are stored in cellars either awaiting sale or held at the convenience of p urchasers. Strength. A Russian contractor has found out an original method to test the strength and alertness of the laborers ho engages for his work. He comes to the market, where the working-men are waiting for a' job, and orders them to run, to wrestle and to lift each other. When ' 'the boys have played" enough for him to make observations he engages those who have displayed the greatest strength and adroitness. Denceudaiit of Uinpororv. A Hindoo princess, the Begum Ahmadee, has 'distinguished herself in London society as a singer of superior voice, talent and cultivation. She is a descendant of the emperors of Delhi, and possesses a mezzo soprano voice of extraordinary richness and power, which is used with very high artistic taste. She has aUo great person^ beauty. The following advertisement recently appeared in an English paper: "A man , . desires a pwtorate. Vivid preacher, musical voice, brilliant organizer. Tftlland of good appearance. Blameless life. - Very highest references. Beloved by all. Salary, £120."' Voting. Secret voting > ww practised . by the ancient Greeks and Romans. The word "ballot" comes from the Francb ••ballotte," a Uttle bail. The -flrsl record of the u,-e of a ballot-box to ,ll£at pf 1610. when siu.'h was eraploy- ^1 in the election of aldermen of J.on- d«n. If you want to Hire a Team, Sell a Team, or * * Feed a Team, Q-O TO K. F. HOLLOWS I If you want to See Land, Buy Land, or Rent Land, Go to . F. HOLLOfAY. He has lots of good farms and town lots to sell. ELMORE Mill Co. will exchange flour or bran for wheat, giving mill rates. Will I and sell Flour, Shorts, And Bran, We also sell oats and buck- wheat flour. Are arranging to handle corn meal, and run a general feed and supply warehouse. A. Smith, Agt SAMUEL MAYNE, Attorney - at - Law, Real Estate, Loan and BANCROFT, IOWA. Twenty-five thousand acres of wild land, and choice list of improved farms for sale on long time and low rate of interest. REAL ESTATE LOANS made at lowest rate. Fire and Life Insurance written in standard companies. Correspondence solicited. When you take a Holiday ride get your team at F. W. KINNE'S A. Livery and Feed Stable, Good rigs sent out with or without drivers to any part of the country. Horses on liti for Sale or We. Having decided to sail our goods For Cash or Barter Only, we put prices down on boots, shoes,'gloves and mittens to " live and let live" prices, In the grocery line we will not be undersold. We can sell you good oak bushel baskets for 350, bushel and a half for 450, pie peaches $1,21 a dozen cans, corn tomatoes the sarne; the best of dried raspberries at 250 a pound, arid all other goods way down. We. would ask all who are indebted to Come and pay up; we need money. Thanking you for past favors, we ask a continuance of the same.' Yours for low prices, L. A. BAESLOU.