*• THE UPPER lom MOINES, ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1891. ALCJONA, * IOWA. THE LATEST NEWS. GENERAL NOTES. TNK Fort Worth (Texns) Iron Works failed Tiu-sdny for 8100,000. INDIANS threnlnn to attack the Tongm River iigrncy, Montana, and troops are tent thitror from Kort Cnstor. Ihsnor GAU/AOKIUI, of Louisiana, died Monday night of Hright's disease. Ho Was 52'yoarn of age. D. C. NKWKI.II & SONS, dealers in linn bfirat New York, unsigned Wednesday to Valentine Miirnh without preferences. CiiAKiitcs U. KvAiiTfl, son of ex-Senator Evarls, was found dead in bed at Windsor, Vt., Thursday morning. 1 irrenio is said to I'm less than n week's supply in tho hands of conl dealers in Minnesota, tho Dakota*, lown,Illinois, Kansas nnd Nebraska. Tine half sin'ors and heirs _of the late Mrs. Stewart have divided their pnipnrly, worth between 84,000,000 and 85,000,000, between their nephews and niccoo, retaining only a 810,000 annuity. SmlloDicmuK CAJIKHON, of New York, has been Ktizi.iU.ed H.H resident ccmniissioner for tho colony of Now South Wales to thn world's Columbian exposition. Oov. MKUHIAM has issued a circular asking the people of Minnesota for donations of breadstuff's for tho starving peasantry of Russia. STATIC SICNATOH Kici.Mtu, of _ Snuh Center, Minn., has invented n costrivar.ee for plowing by electricity. AM* those Injured by thn explosion of a bomb in tho cilice of Rusholl Sago, Friday ara doing well. THM United States training chip Mon- otigahola has sailed froni tho Gibraltar for tho West IndicH. PJIBBIDKNT HAHIIIBON has offered Senator Squire, of Washington slate the post of, miuiHter to China, and the Chinese want him to accept). Tun Chilian minister had an' au.lioneo with Secretary Bliiino Wednesday, at which tho matter of indemnity for tho killing o_f tho Ualtimoro's Bailors was further discussed. PICOUIA, III.. IB oxHciolod over tbo discovery that a Chinese leper has boon conducting a laundry in that city. Tho leper has disappeared and is believed to bo in Chicago. PAUL DKBI.AANEI,, tho great orator of tho French chamber of deputies, whoso recent speech on tho liberty of the press made such a sensation, will sail for Now York on tho 15th. SitoitUTAiiY PitooTMH atlondod tho meeting of tho cabinet Friday for tho last timo and took pflioial leave of his associates. Ho severed his connection with tho war department Saturday afternoon. AN I'.ttachmom, for 810,000 has been issued against tho property of the Colonial and United States Mortgage, company of Great HriUin, in favor of liird-S. Color, of Now York, on an assigned claim. TUB neweruiHor Now York was successfully launched at Cramp's shipyard in Philadelphia Wednesday, in the presence of Secretary Tracy and other distinguished persons, together with a crowd of over 15.000 people. SICOIIICTAHY JOHN T. DICKINSON, of tho national world's fair commission, nays that the report that ho had resigned that position to accept tho general managership of a railroad in Texas and Arkansas is wholly without foundation in fact. FOREIGN. ! I)u. WKM.B, president of Switzerland, has resigned. A iiAiunc fire in tho warehouse district of St. Petersburg Tuesday night caused heavy losses. TUB Standard bank, at Melbourne, Australia, with a capital of $5,000,000, suspended Friday. Tim Prince of Pious and Miss Theresa Oilvia Cornwalls West wore married in London Tuesday. TWELVE Frenchmen wore lulled during tho recent trouble in Brazil, and France demands reparation. A DISPATCH from Bombay says that Mansfield, the parachutist, has been killed by tho bursting of his balloon. AnotiK AuiicuT, a prominent broker of Prussian Silesia, has been declared bankrupt. It in mmi that he has embezzled 2,000,000 marks. Disi'ATCiiKH from Pokin state that another battle wan fought botweun tho im- noriaPtioops and insurgents, tho hitt&r being routed and dispersed. THOMAS B, BUYAN, first vice-president of tho board of directora of thti world's Columbian exposition, and Charles Page Bryan, are at tho Hotul Binda, Paris. A Hi'MOit is current at Constantinople that a fresh plot has been discovered among tho olUcors of tho army to depose tbe t<u'tan. I wo cable care collided at Paris Monday morning, owing to tho inability of a driver to release his grip from tbo cablo. Both cars woro badly wrecked aud twelve people were seriously injured. Tins secret consistory is fixed by the popo for December 14, and tho public consistory for tho 17th. Tho popo B decision to create two cardinals was quite unexpected. Mgr. Sopiacd is to bo one of the new cardinals. AnvioKS from Yokohama toll of certain British subjects having been seized while poaching in Russian waters. They woro held for trial, but. made their oscapo lo tho Jap'uioso territory, and a lemiest for tiiuir extradition has boon unula. TIIK chief of the chancellory department of tbo Freiuh consulate at San Sebastian shot and killed tho French r.onsul. M. Despreux do St. Siuiveur. Ho then turned tho weapon against himself and inflicted a wound that proved almost instant death. No roason is given. PIBKS AND CASUALTIES. Finn destroyed seven buildings in the business portion of Blair, Feb., Friday, causing u low of $75,000. BUILDINGS at Muskegou Heights, Mich., woro unroofed Friday by a cyclone. The damage is estimated at $12,000. THE John Duiilap silk mills of Pater sou, N. J., were destroyed by tiro Tuesday. Loss, (100,000; partly insured. Btr a fire at IxraUoille twelve or fifteen liven were loot nnd a flmmcinl Ions of $750,000 sustained. H. R JACOBS' (beater, in Cleveland, 0., was completely destroyed by fire Wednesday morning. The loss i« $20, OOOj insurance $10,009.) THE nre racker house of Maston & Wells, on Sweet street, Boston, Mass., was blown up Wednesday afternoon. One man is reported killed and iyro injured. Thn explosion was heard all over the city. Tittt John Djnlnp silk mills were destroyed by firn Friday morning at Patterson, N. J Loss $100,000; insurance partial. TriB Des Moines cotton mill burned Saturday. The mill empjoycd 150 hands, value of tho property is about $150,000, largely covered by insurance. FIVH men were blown to atoms and several buildings wrecked by a dynamite explosion in New York. TilK greater part of tho business section and about twenty-five dwellings have been destroyed by fire at Ardmore, I. T. The losses will aggregate $100,000. on which there is an insurance of about 850,000. PATKIOK Nonius was killed on the stockynrd tracks in Chicago Tuesday morning at Forty-fifth street and Center avenue, by mmine' No. 39 of tho Chicago, St. Louis & Kansas City railroad. Tho body was taken to Mcinternoy'B morgue at Forty-third'strcct. OBIMB. % A OIIAND jury at San Antonia, Tex., is in jail for eonbinp'. of court. Ai,. HAM,, tho cl'iyer of 90 men wan ar- ro.iled in 'i'ennopbeo. IN a flight among drunken negroes in Alabama ten of tbo number were killed. Two men worn arrested in St. Louis on suspicion of being connected with the " lendalo express robery. AN Oregon editor was murdered by a railroad section boss, who promptly kills iiimself. UKNHY HOUGH, deputy sheriff at Arrowsmith, McLean county, 111., blow out his brains Monday. WILLIAM EDWAIIDS, who robbed tho of a St. Paul jeweler of a tray of diamond rings, is captured. DICK' LUNDAY (colored) waB shot to death in Edgefield county, South Carolina, ay u mob for the murder of James Ouzts, son of tho -sheriff. THUBK men have been arrested aL Con- .ralia, III., charged with burning four .mrnn and two houses. One of tho men i° J. T. McKibben, an alliance man. Tint Bcllu Center Ohio bank safe was alown open with dynamite Friday night. The burglars secured $1.000 in bills aud 8300 in Hilvor. JAMKH DIIISCOL was fatally stabbed by P, 11. MoMulion at Decatnr, III., Monday ight. TLp latter was terribly beaten by Driscol's friends. FIUCDKIUOK A. HAIITBII, for many years paying toller of tho Detroit, (Mich.) Na- ional bank, is short 810,000 in his accounts. THE RIOT ACT READ. ('resident in His Message tJsca Significant Langna^e In Considering 1 the Chilian Question. less delay intervene, 1 will, by ft special! ^#roni «»e report ofito,, Mea^ge; bring this rtatter again to the the treasury the president shows the , attention of congress tot Sncfa action as- total receipts of the KOtrettiment fiscal n.av be necessary. The entire cortes- ! year ending June 30 last were $448,544,I pondence with the government of Chili , 233, and expenditures^!,|0*.470, le»v: will, at ah-early day, be submitted to ing a surplus of $37,239,762. Bespeaks ' Russia and China Receive Attention in Regard to Jewish Oppression and Missionary Murders. The Tariff^ Silver Coinage, Nicaragua Canal and Other Important Mat' ters Dttly Mentioned. congress. The Chinese Qnettlom Continuing, the President sayss "The late outbreak against foreigners in 'various parts of the Chinese empire, has been the cause of deep concern in view of the numerous establishments of our citizens in thd interior of that country. This government can do no less than in . , '-' -. > prisoners confined in the aiosvillo, 111., jail, Volte, out during Wednesday night, by filing through tho jars of a window and escaped. JOBIAII HOOHY and Thomas Whitehond, ,wo deputy United States marshals, were dlled Thursday noarTahlequab, by Bamp;o,ii a Cherokee boy whom tho marshals were attempting to arrest. Tine head of Isaac Sawtoll, who was inuidored by his brother Hiram, has been found at East Lebanon, Mo. This will probably establish tho fact that tho murder was committed in Maine and save Hiram trom hanging, as thero is no death penalty in thai, state. Arc rnroiilH night In Worshiping their The fact that BO many of us, like Mr. Wegg, decline and till pretty steadily through life, tells for pessimism, but it is still overbalanced by the optimistic sign given us in tho spiritual height from which some of us start; and this sign is none tho less impress! \e for being so mysterious. 1 do not allow myself to be cast down because these angel fa;:os are often borne by babies who need spanking much oltener than they are likely to get it, for there is a groat deal in tho richest ore besides gold; but, 1 admit, it is sadly depressing to too so many children who Kivo little sign of a birthright of grace. How can any one declare ho adores them in the lump, after the sentimental manner, when the very infant in arms so often shows a soul-sickening, (self-evident likeness to an aggressive, stupid father, or a sharp, vulgar little fool of a mother? Still 1 bolievo the case is not then t o bud as it looks to the casual but sensitive observer. A wise woman tells mo' that it is not tho sheer fatuity of folly that enchants people with the most unprepossessing young one when it happens to bo their own, but that truly it is only its own family who can ever really know a baby's charms, and it is her boleif that, if we could luivo all the evidence before us in even tho most unaccountable c;iso, wo should see that the worshippers were wiser than the scoffing world. Wo all know that tho tiresome brat can present wonderfully appealing aspects — say when only tho little back is seen, and its sleepy woe head has fallen trustfully on a grown-up shoulder. Science may no- count for the pull the sight makes on your beart-strings, but in some wav, after you have duly informed yourself as to the evolution of the emotions, it is still apt in experience, like childhood's own gaza, to carry tidings to your deeper, perhaps all but unconsoiijus, self of precious undiscovered poss-.-ssions and kinsbips in tho universal sources. — Viola Rosehoro in tho Christmas Century. •'And you will hare me, my dear?" said tho young dry goods clerk, tenderly, as slui nestled in bis arms on tho piazza. "Ye*," slm whispered. "All right, madiuue," s;iid he, in a business liko tone, swayed by tho force ol habit, and ho immediately pounded on the railing with his pencil and yelled. "Cash."— __ _ A Climnlier of Uorrert , The tpartmeut to which the uulmppjr wretch in court nod by infl»minutory rhmimttlum IB indeed u chunibor of horrori. Appalling <u:e the torturei inlUeUid by thl* agonizing complaint, and theme (rudured by persona Buffering from milder foriui of it are iovore enough. Obstinate an It in in iU' mature development, It U lurely remediable »t the ouUct with lloatolter'i Stomach Hitters, »n in- unttoly Hater ai well ai mors tflscUre r*unwlj than the poUoni oftou used to lubdu* It. Always should It bo borue In mbxd \>j, UIOM necking relief from rheumntlim, that thouab conquerable In the iuclpieul itss*, U U not oBlj fclubuorn but diingorou* when fully dereloped, o* «r.cuuut of lit tendency to attack the Tltal part*. 1'hit cungldvratiou ihould lead to the early adoption of curative ineueurei. The Blttart win malarial, kicluoy, «>ipepUe «•* WUau i WASHINGTON, Deo. 8.— President Bar rison transmitted his annual message to congress to-day. In opening he said that the report of the heads of tho several) executive departments furnish a comprehensive view of the administrative works of tho last fiscal year relating to internal affairs. The work of the state department, he says, has been characterized by an unusual number of important negotiations and by diplomatic results of a notable and highest benefit character. Among those are reciprocal trade arrangements concluded with variotin countries. Like negotiations with other countries have been much advanced and it is hoped will be concluded before the close of the year. Referring tn the seal fisheries question the president says ho is glad to bo able to announce that terms satisfactory to this government hav(| been agreed upon and that an agreement as to the arbitration is all that is necessary to tho completion of the negotiation. On the meat inspection question the president says: "It is gratifying to state that Germany, Denmark, Italy, Australia and France have opened their porta to inspected American pork upon this government providing for the adequate inspection of the same." Annul: Tirnzll. "The recent political disturbance in Brazil"says the president, "have excited much regret and solicitation, the information possessed was meager, but this government expressed its solicitude for the peace of the country and the maintenance of its free political institutions and advised that moderation be used in tho contest for leadership. These counsels were received in the most friendly spirit." Referring to tho lynching of the Italians at New Orleans, the president states it did not originate in any general animosity to the Italian people, nor in any disrespect to the Italian government, with which relations were the most friendly. Tho hope is expressed that the matter will soon be atnicably_ settled. The suggestion is made that it is entirely competent for congress to make offences against the treaty rights of foreigners domiciled in the United States cognizable in tho federal courts, which is not now tho case. Blot (Kit. voiul to Chill. Much space is given to the Chilian question. After detailing what is already known regarding the overthrow of Balinaceda, the seizure, escape and subsequent capture of the Itata, etc., the message says: "During the presidency of this civil contest frequent direct appeals were made to this government to extend belligerent rights to the insurgents. This was declined and that policy pursued throughout which this government, when wrenched by civil wars, so strenuously insisted upon on tbo part of European nations, During the progress' of the war this government tendered its good offices to bring about a peaceful adjustment but in this we were disappointed. The instructions to our naval officers and ministers enjoined upon them tho most impartial treatment and absolute interference, and I am satisfied these instructions were observed, and tbat their influence was used partially but effectively in the interest of hu, inanity on more than one occasion. No official complaint of the conduct of our minister or naval officers has been presented, and I regret that so many of our people have given ear to unofficial charges and complaints that manifestly had their origin in rival interests and in a wish to pervert tho relation between the United States and Chill. With the overthrow of I3ulmaci>du, ho and many of his otli- CITS became fugitives for their lives, and at once appealed to the commanding (officers of foreign vessels in tbe harbor pud the resident foreign ministers for an .asylum. This was freely given by those .appealed to, including the American minister and tho United States naval officers acting upon the impulses of humanity. I have not been willing to direct the surrender of the political refugees who are still in the American 'legation without suitable conditions. It ! is believed that the government of Chili ! is not in opposition in view of the prece- • dents, with which it has been connected ' to broadly deny the right of asylum, and .the correspondence has not thus far pro- pented any denial. The treatment of our minister for a time was such as to tall for a decided protest, and it was' .gratifying to observe that unfriendly measures, which were undoubtedly the . result of the prevailing excitement, were at once rescinded or suitably relaxed." After detailing at length the attack on American sailors in Valparaiso, thepres- julent says: " So far as I have yet been ablo to learn, no other explanation of, ibis bloody work has been suggested than that it had its origin in hostility to i these men as sailors of the United States ' wearing tho uniform of their govern- Cm-lit, and not in any individual act or personal animosity. Tho attention of the Chilian government was at once called to this nlVair, and a statement of fiu'tii obtained by tho investigation we, hail conducted was submitted, accoui.j panied by u request to bo advised by any' other or qualifying facts in tbe posses- i sum of tho Chilian government that I might tend to relieve this ull'air of the. appearance of an insult to this government. The Chilian government was also advised that if such qualifying facts did not exist this government could "confidently expect full and prompt repara: lion. It is to be regretted that the reply ! of tho secrets ry for foreign affairs of the provisional government was couched in ! an offensive tone. To Urn no response I has beom made. Our government is I awaiting the result of an investiga- |tion which has been ordered by the criminal court of Valparaiso. It is reported unofficially that the investigation is- about completed nnd it is expected that the result will soon lie communicated to this government, together with some adequate and satisfactory response to the note by which the attention of Chili was called to this incident. If these just expectations should b* disappointed w further need- and puhitary measures which the Chinese government has heretofore applied. No effort will be omitted to protect our citizens peaceably sojourning in China, but' recent unofficial information indicates that what was at first regarded as an outbreak of mob violence against foreigners, has assumed the larger form of an insurrection against public order. "The Chinese government has declined lo receive Mr. IJlair as the minister of the United States on tbe ground that, as the participant, while a senator in the enactment of the existing legislation against the introduction of Chinese laborers, he has become unfriendly and objectionable to China. I have felt constrained to point out to the Chinese government the untanglebleness of this position, which seems to rest as much on the unacceptability of our legislation as on that of the person chosen and which, if admitted, would practically debar the selection of any representatives so long as tho existitiR-'liiwH remain in force." Kusslnn Jowg. On the Russian Hebrew question the president rays."This government has found a reason to express in a friendly spirit, but with much earnestness, to the government of the czar, its serious concern because of tho harsh measures now being enforced against tho Hebrews in Russia. By the revival of antissemetic laws great numbers of those unfortunate people have been constraint to abandon their homes. The immigration of these people to the United States of America, many other countries being closed to them, is largely increasing and is likely to assume a proportion which may make it difficult to lind homes and employment for them here aud to seriously alfect the labor market. It is estimated that over one million will be forced to depart from Russia within a few years. A decree to leave one country is, in the nature of things, an order to enter some other. This consideration, as well as the suggestions of humanity, furnishes ample ground for the remonstrances which we have presented to Russia; while our historic friendship for that government cannot fail to give the assurance tbat our representations are those of a sincere well-wisher." Favors Hie Nicaraguan Canal. The president deems it of tbe highest importance that the Nicaraguan canal should be speedily constructed, at the smallest practicable limit of cost. To accomplish this, the president recommends that tho bonds of the canal company be given the guarantee of the United States government, thus insuring their ready Kale, from time to time, as tho money is needed for tho prosecution of the work. "Such a guarantee," he says, "could, I think, bo so given as not to involve any risk of ultiuicuo loss. .1 most sincerely hope that neither party nor sectional lines will bo drawn upon this great American project, so full of interest to our people, . and so influential in its affects on tho fects in the law. prestige and prosperity of pur country." The presidenc's plan provides that the government shall retain coutrol of the stock of the company as security against mismanagement and loss. of the purchase of silver bullion under the existing law and says the productions of the free coinage man that the purchases would bring the price of silver to $1.29, which would make the bullion value of a dollar one hundred cents.( were as wide of the mark as the "calamity prediction" of th" antis. He hopes a'further trinl of tli^ legislation will more favorably effect tha price of silver. That the increased amount of currency supplied was needed and that beneficial results upon trade and prices have followed this legislation is, he thinks, clear to everyone. Upon this subject as upon the tariff his recommendation is that the existing laws be given a full trial and our business interests spared the distressing influence which threats of radical change always impair. Versus Free G'olniuo. "lam still of the opinion," adds the president, "that the freecoinageof silver under existing conditions, would disastrously affect our business interests at home and abroad. We would not hope to maintain an equality in the purchasing power of the gold and silver dollar in our own markets, aud in foreign trade tbe stamp gives no added value to the bullion contained in the coin. The producers of the countiy have the highest interest that every dollar, paper or coin issued by the government, shall be as good as any other. To plncc business upon a silver basis would mean a sudden and severe withdrawal of gold and gold notes and such an unsettling of all values as would produce a great panic. I believe it is the earnest desire of a majority of people that a full coin use be made of silver as soon as the co-operation of other nations can be secured and a ratio fixed that will give circulation equally to gold and silver. Bimetallism is the desired end, and true friends of silver will be careful not to overrun the goal and bring in silver monometallism with its necessary attendants." As a scarcity of gold in the European reserve will be the most persuasive argument for the use of silver, the president speaks of bond redemption during tbe year, saying it has put into circulation over two hundred and fifty million of dollars. War anrt Navy. The president concurs in the recommendation of the secretary of war for the three battalion organization for infantry; expresses the hope that the adoption smokeless powder aud the modern rifle will not be longer delayed concurs in the recommendation of the postmaster general for an extension of the free delivery and money order system; commends to congress tho recommendations of the secretary of the navy_, and says there should be no hesitation in promptly completing a navy of the best modern type_ large enough to enable the country to display its flag on all seajs for the protection of its citizens and its extending commerce. Chinese Smuggling On the question of smuggling into the country of Chinese through Canada the president says there is satisfactory, evidence that this business is oganized and active. The construction placed upon the exclusion law by some of the district judges that such Chinamen must be returned to Canada and not to China, robs it of all effectiveness and he recommends i such legislation as will remedy these de- Tariff Discussion. On the tariff, the president's interest in the operations of the treasury department has been much augmented during the last year, by reason of the conflicting predictions, which accompanied and Pensions. Much attention is given to the work of the pension bureau, and the opinion is expressed that there will be no necessity for a deficency appropration this year. Irrigation. The irrigation question ia dealt with at length and the president expresses the opinion that the government should not part with its ownership of ivsm-vcir sites, except on conditions that will insure to followed the tariff and other legislation ! settlers their proper water supply upon of the last congress affecting tho revenues, as to tho results of this legislation upon tho country. "It is not my purpose," says he, "to enter at any length into a discussion of the effects of the legislation to which I have referred: btii a brief examination of the statistics of the treasury and a general glance at the equal and reasonable term? No trifling with Polygamy. On the polygamy question the president says: We can not afford to experiment with this subject, for when a state is ouue constituted the act ! is final and any mistake 110 treasury anu a general glance at tiie in . etrievab i e . No compact iu the enabl- state ot business throughout the country | in &n act CQU , d in m j op fa lm be billd . will, 1 think, satiuty any impartial in i in | 0 , effective. S uirer that its results have disappointed 10 evil prophesies of its opponents and in a largo measure realized the hopeful predictions of . its friends. Rarely, if ever before, in the history of the country has there been a time when the proceeds in or eflectivei The Seed Department. ' Much space is devoted to the department of agriculture, the work of which is very highly commended. Reference is made to the great grain crop of this of one day's labor, the products of one ! year, the largest in our history, and to farmed acre, would purchase so large an amount of those things that enter into the living of the masses of the people. I believe that a full test will develope the fact that the tariff act of the 51st pongress is very favorable in its advantage effect upon the prices of articles entering into common use," The president then gives, at some the fact of the opening of new markets. The larger demand resulting from short crops in Europe, tbe president says, have sustained prices to such an extent that the enormous surplus of meat and breadstuffs will be marketed at good prices, bringing relief and prosperity to an in dustry that was much depressed, The Civil Service. He commends the report of the civil IBIIO-HI Ho-nrna Elinwincr thn vnliunn nf 1:io commenuB me report 01 me oivu ^C^tog"^^ ye^s'coSarel ""toe commission to the careful atten- with previous periods. During year tlon ot . lts opponents as well as friends. ^^MSept. 80, 1801 the total value of . l NV f theiI ^ a ^ t i a li tvaa ^ d1ma t el sfstem e i^ J b e e- our foreign commerce (imports and ex- ' ? vl > imparia ^\ai^if e tr^af\^ouThffi7 ThTaTeS The^^^SirffldtoTeiftffi: fiM Thaenof congress is ur- 715, !J70"— an increase of more then eleven millions over the preceding year; while the total given above exceeded the preceding year by over one hundred millions. The percentage of merchandise admitted free during the first year under the new tariff was 48.10 per cent, whilo under the old tariff the per centagewa> 31.27. If we take the percent, covering the time during which sugar was admit ted free the per oentage of free imports under the new tariff is found to be 55:87, —larger than during any previous fiscal year in the history of the government. The value of exports of merchandise was $933,091,18ft against $860,177,115 the preceding year — an increase of nearly three times the annual average. The increased value of exports of agricultural products was $45,840,197 and of uvui- ufactured products $16,888,240. Tho president further says: "There is certainly nothing in the condition of 'tr;vlo, foreign or domestic, or the condition of our people to suggest that the existing tariff nnd revenue legislation I.IMI-S oppressively upon the people or retards the commercial development of this n .it ion. It"aunot be denied that all conditions! of prosperity and general comment are present iu a larger degree than ever be-j 'fore in our history, and that, too, just when it was prophesied they would be >in the worst state." The president thinks there are conclusive evidences that the new tariff has created several great industries which will, within a few vears, give employment to several hundred thousand American working men and womeu. the protection of the lives of employees. Gerrymanders, The president devotes_ much ppace to the gerrymander question, having particular reference to the recently adopted Michigan plan of choosing presidential electors by congressional districts. That concurrence in plan should be broken is, the president thinks, unfortunate and a threatening episode and one that may well suggest whether the states that still give their approval to the old method ought not to secure by constitutional, amendment a practice which has had the approval of all. Gerrymander schemes, he says, have already found effective application to the choice of senators and representatives in congress, and now an evil start has been made in the direction of applying them to their choice of presi- dential'electors. If this end is accomplished we shall then have three great de- ( partments of government in the grasp of the gerrymander, the legislative and executive directly, and the judiciary indirectly through tho power of appointment. * The essential features of republican government, he says, are the right of the people to choose their own officers and the nearest practicable equality of value in the Butfrffges given in determining that choice. The state is to choose aud, under the pretense of regulating methods, the legislature can neither vest tbe right of choiceolsewhert; nor adopt methods not conformable to republican institutions. "It is not my purpose here," says he, "to -discuss the question whether the choice'by the legislature or by tbe voters of an equal single district IS a choice by the state, wit to recommend such regulation of thifl matter by constitutional amendment will secure uniformity and prevent m tlisgraceful partisan jugglery to w?n such a liberty of choice, if it exists, offers a temptation. If I were called upon to declare wherein olir chief national danger lies, I should say without hesitation m the overthrow of majority/ control by the suppression or perversion, of popular suffrage." The president urges that some steps be taken to avert the danger and says the energies of those who have seen it have been chiefly ei- pended in trying to fix responsibility upon the opposite party rather than in efforts to make such practices impossible by either party. The Election Bill. The president speaks of the election bill, which failed of passage last year, and says he yet entertains hope that it is possible to secure a calm, patriotic consideration of such constitutional or statutory changes as may be necessary to secure the choice of officers of thegov* eminent by fair apportionments and free .elections. He thinks a commission should be appointed, non-partisan in 'membership, to consider these momentous questions. Conclusion. Inclosing, the president says he has been greatly rejoiced to notice many evidences of the increased influence of our people and of a revived national spirit. The vista that now opens to us is wider and more glorious than ever before. A trust momentous in its influence upon our people and the world is for a brief time committed to us and we must not; be faithless to its fairest execution. The defense of the free and equal influence of the people in the choice of public^ officers and the'control, of public affairs. COMGHESSJONATj. MONDAY, DEC. 9. SENATB._—The senate galleries were crowded with spectators to-day to -witness the opening of that branch of congress. There ,' u wos in unusually large number of new senators to bo sworn in, counting up seventeen without the senator from. Florida, neither the np.mo of Call nor Davidson being on the printed list. At noon the vice president took the chair and the sflssion opened with a prayer by Chaplain Butler. After this the vice president laid before the senate the credentials of the new senators, the resignation of Senator Regan, of Tflxas, and the appointment by the governor of that state of Mr. Cnilton. Other credentials were tbose of Felton (California), to fill the vacancy caused by Hearst's death;,, tbe resignation of Edmunds (Vermont) and the appointment of Proctor, and the credentials of Call and David^n, each 'claiming to be senator from Flo-ida. After the latter two were read Harris moved that they be referred to the coirniittee on privileges and elections so tbe question might be decided in the light of u, thorough investigation. He asked that they be laid on the table. George said he would not object to this request but that to-morrow he would, insist that the senate had both facts and law before it and ought to proceed at once to seat Call as tbe legally elected member. \fter a few remarks the matter, went over. When the credentials of Senator Brice,. ssnator-elect from O.iio, were presented Senator Sherman said: "Before the oath o_f office is administered to Mr. Brice I desire to say that a large portion of the citizens of Obio contend tbat he was not an inhabitant of that state at the time of his election and was therefore not elligible to a seat in this body. On examining the- precedents (of which there are several in the history of the government and some of them most important ones,) 1 am entirely satisfied that Brice is entitled to be sworn in on the prima fucie face of his credentiajs, which are regular in form. 1> simply give this notice, however, so that being sworn may not bo considered any wrtiver or any misapprehension or misconstruction if the people or legislature of Ohio should assert and prove to the satisfaction of the senate that Brice was not at. the time of his election an inhabitant of Ohio. But 1 make no objection to the swearing in of Mr. Brice. The swearing in of the newly elected (or appointed) senators was then proceeded with. HOUSE.—There was no meeting of the house. TUESDAY, DEC. 8, SENATE—Immediately after the reading of the journal the onth of offices was- administered to Mr. Junes of Arkansas, Mr. Dubois of Idaho, and to Mr, Call of Florida. HOUSE.—The roll was called for the- election of a speaker, with the followingresult: For Crisp, 228; for Iteed, 83; for Watson, 8 (Messrs. Baker, Clover, Davis, Halvorson, Kem, McKeighan, Otis and Simpson). Mr. Crisp wits duly elected speaker, amid applause. Messrs. Mills and Reed escorted the newly elected speaker to the chair. The latter said: "Gentleman of the house of representatives: For the great honor you have conferred upon me I return heartfelt thanks. I shall endeavor to discharge the duties of the offiae of speaker with courtesy, with firmness, and with absolute impartiality. [Applause,] Let us unite in the hops of tftac our labors here may result in the advancement of the prosperity, the honor, ami the glory of our beloved country, [Applause.] I am now ready to take the oath of office." Tbe oath of office having been administered by Mr. Holniaa of Indiana, Rev, Dr. Milburn, the blind chaplain of the preceding house, upon request of Speaker Crisp, offered prayer. The house after the draw- lug of seats adjourned. THURSDAY, Dec. 10. (SENATE.— Mr. Mar.derson introduced a bill to establish postal savings banks aud encourage small savings. He also reintroduced a bill appropriating $200,000 to establish a branch mint at Oma""• B^ 0 ' a bill increasing from 8800,000 to §2,000,000 the appropriation for the erection of a public building at Omaha; also a bill appropriating S100.COO for the ereetion of a public building at Norfolk, Neb., another appropriating $60,000 for the construction of a military storehouse and office quarters at the inilirary department, one also introduced by him last season increasing the einoieney of the army, Mr. Plumb introduced a bill to provide for the retirement ot national bank notes and the free coinage of silver, Mr. Stf wart introduced a bill supplemental to the Chinese exclusion act. It makes it unlawful alter .the passage of the act of. ur>y Chinese laborer to enter or remain in the U..ited States tor any purpose whatever. Fair Maiden (a summer boarder)— How savagely that cow looks at mo." tanner—"It's your red parasol mum." * air Maiden—Dear me! 1 knew it was a little out of the fashion, bub I didn't suppose a country cow would notice it'." estate is lot.
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