The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on November 25, 1891 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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Wednesday, November 25, 1891
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MOINES^ALGgSi; IOWA. WEDNESDAY. 189L WittejS AtOONA. TOWA, THE lAtEST YORK rnpnblit:f»r.« are now taking t ont of the hide of the n«w ballot law, trhich prevents the manufacturers from driving their workmen to Iho polls in herd*. StipRnion people are diKrusning the problem of the proper disposal of the dead. 'This is important as indicating that the people up that way cease hustling long enough lo die occasionally. UtBMAitoK has decided that no part of his memoirs shall be published during his lifetime. Hy a law whiuh Bismarck him- *olf passed when ho wan persecuting thn late Count von A mini) a Prussian minis- tor or amlmBRiibor is prohibited from publishing any documents which relate to public or official transactions without tho express |iprmisBion of the sovereign; tho result being that Bismarck would bo obliged to submit the proof sheets to Km- peror William for his approval, a humiliation which the px-clintionllor wrtninly would not endure. Posterity will be tho gainer by the law. Contemporary history in a farce. It in written to please, not to port™.* the truth. AN officer in tho employ of thn United States (fovorntnont, according to the Now York Times, has received n letter from an oflicor'oji tho general staff of the German emperor, which indicates thai, it general European war is expected by next spnng Emperor William is making arrangement for it by securing an option on guns and provisions in this country. One hundred thousand stands of arms, quantities of war munitions and provisions are now itorod in anticipation ot such a war. The fact that Russia has 050,000 soldiers massed on her western frontier, and tho further fact that Alexander recently refused the hospitalities of William, are regarded as straws showing that tho wind is blowing toward war. On tho other hand Lord Siilisbury says no signs of a foreign outbreak are visible. MlCimi/ICSOMH AU8T1UA. Austria is not a passive nation. It is ivloit, aggressive, and not infrequently ob- Irusive. In no foreign country does the royal family lay stronger unction on tho divine right of kings and in no country of Europe is tho republican spirit kept in more thorough subjection; During the French revolution tho Austrian -onipuror exerted all his inllii- once lo maintain tho unforlunate Louis XVI. on his throne, and in Austria tho Corsican parvenu, whoso pastime was slio overturning of kingdoms and the .humiliation of royal rulerh, found an implacable foe whoso determined opposition contributed in no small measure to his final overthrow. And so, too, at M later period easily within recollection, another Austrian monarch sought to tako advantage of the interiul troubles ' in I he United States to oslnblith a branch of his empire on Mexican soil. That fatal experiment cost tho unfortunate Archduke Maximilian his life and its dismal failure, I would seem, ought, to have cured tho Austrian government of its propensity to •meddle in affairs not properly pertaining to its own nation. But it appears that, such has not been tho effect, for now tho Hapsburg dynastry is said to be busily fostering tho Brazilian uprising in an endeavor to secure the re- instateinonl, of Dom Pedro upon tho throne at whoso possession the diclator- »hip of I''oii8_pciu8 obviously aiming. NOTMH All6i;T~N~OTA IU,KH. Carmen cita rnfneud to appear at are- tent Chicago benefit performance unless a local organization of mandolin, guitar and banjo players worn forced from the program to prevent invidious comparison with hw own Spanish accompanists. * * * J. J. Little, >vho is (.ounceoiul (lovernor- eloet Flower in congress, began life as an errand boy, n w>rt of assistant to Ihe "devil" in a printing (illicit. He mienl. hid iiooninj,'- and other odd moments in learning to ml type and other detail* of the business, lie became so proficient I hut when one of l> nr compositors who had charge of the ornamental lypiwettintr in tho olliee died younur liittle was chosen bytheo'hn throo to tiikehisplac.it. lie soon became assistant, lorei:un, then I'oro- mun, and finally bi'omic a member of the firm, and now stands at. tlui top of tho typographical industry of the United States. Mr. Little is broad-mint,cd and liberal in his views. While not an orator in the ordinary acceptation of the term, he is a man of excoDmit presence ami him the art of saying tho right thing at the ri^ht, time. While he looks thirty-live he is in reality fifty years old, and was a soldier in the war. GENERAL NOTES. GES. BOTLBH is seriously ill with an of the ear. THB Mississippi U frozen over at Clinton, Iowa. UEAK ADMIJIAI, OKOKOB H. Coor&n, United States navy, died Tuesday in Brooklyn, N. Y., aged 71 years. - : WiLtfAM H. ROPBH, ex-consul of the United States to St. Petersburg, died in England Tuesday. CrrrNAMKN in large numbers como to Montana over the boundary line from British America. TrniKic iiUNDHKi) towns in South Dakota are said to be waiting for cflrs in which to ship grain. ( J\T Bunker Hill, Ind., Monday, Mrs. Edgar Oecrge, the wife of n farmer, gave birth to four perfectly developed gills. Tmc world's fair officials Tuesday re- e-ived^ assurances that the kingdom of Hawaii will have an exhibit at the world's fair. SATWUUY'H New YorK bank statement shows an increase in reserves of $2,467,000. TKSTB by tho navy department, prove that th« armor plains made in this country are the best in tho world. TIIK premier of Quebec is charged by a Montreal paper with receiving $115,000 from the contractor who built the Quebec court, house. ON Sunday, liov. Hacariah Eddy, the well known Congregationalhl, died at Detroit, Mich., aged seventy-oix years. OAII/.A, thu Mexican revolutionist, recently repulsed -a force of several hundred troops sent to capture him, Garsia'H forco numbered ono htimlrorl men. TitUNKH found on thoscoonor Marc Victoria, wrecked in 180-1, are proved to bn the property of Booth, the assassin of President Lincoln, WOI.VICB are toirori/.ing residents of St. Paul suburbs. Throo children are said to have been killed by the brutes at Now Brighton. A OAU, has been issued for a convention to tako the initial steps towards having Oklahoma admitted to the sisterhood of states. PIUCHIDKNT HAKUISOJ and most of the sovereigns of Europe have sent telegrams to the princo of Wales expressing their sympathy and inquiring us to Prince George's condition, MAHIIS A. S'l-niCLrNciEu, the wife of M. 15. Curtis, the actor, has sold tho Peraltn hotel properly at North Berkeley, On)., for 8125,000, and will devote tho proceeds in an endeavor to pave her husband from tho gallows. TUB chief of the bureau of statistics re- Tan Gernfta steamet Eidir, jrfeich was aeveral day* overdue, arrited *it Soatb- ampton Thursday inorninjr. ' '•' It i« now stated that Bismarck will take up a permanent residence in Berlin and attend the reich&tag regularly. , sengers were injured, , of them seriously, in a railroad accident at Drawnpatrick Station, Ireland, Wednesday. GEN. BOOTH, of the Salvation army, as the result of his Australian trip, has received a check for $10,000 to aid him in his work in England. THE strike in the mining districts in Paris still causes much anxiety. Minister of Public Works Guyot said that the strike had been ordered without adequate reason. A JUM, for the suppression of tho slave trade was introduced in the German reichstag Tuesday. THE crew of the American schooner William S. Bradley abandoned the vessel on October 18, and it is believed that all are drowned. The 7«nl Beilev«« M*n FlMi : £l*ed Irt th« Bowsls or the Eafrtti. ,'v; A new and vert interesting case in the east wing of the National Museum, filled with ciirioiitieft associated with the religious worship of the Zani and other Pueblo Indians iM New Mexico and AriMntt, attracted the [attention of a Star reporter the other day. There is in the collection a great number of fetiches of many sorts, but the images most f emarkabloT of theft in stone, representing the are tfie BOOTH astonished London and advertised tho Salvation army by giving a dinner to 600 thieves. He asked the queen to bo a patroness. Lonn SAMBHURY has intimated to the Turkish r-mbassador in London that England is willing to reopen negotiations for a regulation of Egyptian affairs. FIRES AND CASUALTIES. ports that the total value of thn oxports of domestic mineral oils from tho United States during the month of October, 1881, was $8.84.0,101. ' OnmjAiiv; At Newark, Mo., jx-Con- gressmanJohn M, tilovor, aged 72; at Diibiiqne, Iowa, John Moore; nt Fairbnry, 111., Mrs. JoromiuhMcKee, aged 68. THIS firm ot Cooper, Hewitt & Co., have sold their iron worlts and minus in New an English eyndicato for $5,- TJIK schooner Estelle went ashore at Mttnipf.ee, Mich., Tuesday. Th« cook and one sailor were drowned. AT New York- tho marble and onyx works of Henry Volkening buri.ed early Wednesday morning. The loss is $75,000. BY an explosion in a What Cheer, Iowa, mine Wednesday three men and four boys wero badly burned. JOSEPH CAIITEH, a farm laborer living near Terre Haute, Ind., was gored to death by a bull Wednesday. THB schooner Newsboy, bound for Buffalo from Chicago, is on a reef near tho mcuth of Green 'Bay. THE captain of the wrecked American schooner W; L. Bradley, from Charleston, S. C., reports that all of his men wero drowned. A FHEiOHTiind passenger train collided at Fairmont, Neb., Wednesday morning, killing two of the c/ew of the passenger train and injuring several passengers. . FIUK started Friday at tho St. Louis, (Mo.) Children's hospital. A little girl was made blind by smoke, and a boy is likely to die from IIK-, same cause. FIUK at Cleveland Mondaynight destroyed the Standard bottling works and three adjoining blocks, causing a loss of $250,- gods themselvei — especially, the Mpfty gods," in the shape of animals, /which the hunter invokes for sdcc*ss in the" chase. In order to make it clear just what thpfte beast deities are it is neeessary to quote from the a count of the creation by their votaries. When all was new, mankind lived in a cavarn in the bowels of the earth. The place was dark and crowded and the people were Unhappy. Hearing heir lamentations the great sun father senttHis two children, armed with the rainbdw, the arrow of lightning and a magic knife of Mint. With the magic knife the children cut tho_ face of the earth and led out the people inlo another cavern, whieh was not so_dark. There they multiplied and grew miserable again until the children were pureuaded to_ conduct them into a third cavern, }et bigger, where there was a sort of twilight, the ray? of tho sun sifting through the roof. Here, however, they were not content and so they were finally taken forth into tho light of day. They wero black and naked, with eyes like those of owls, so that the sun blinded them. Previously the world had been covererJ With water. Now it was damp and uci' stable — in fact.'a great morass, frequently disturbed by earthquakes, and through its surface strange monsters and boast of prey rose up to devour the people. The two children hardened the surface with tire and burnt up the ferocious animals, tho forms of many of which can be seen to this day among the rocks, shriveled and distorted. No creatures like these (fossils) live at the present time, whioh shows 'that every thing was different in the days of the p.neir features were yi ffcome had retained __.._. _.._._. 'and "part of their hair, and even trait intestines had not all disappeared. The 1 hair of these people was very slightly,wavy, and softer than that of the modern Indian—almost silky in fact. They were of low stature, and bear a marked resemblance to the Moqui village Indians, who, as well as the Zunis, hare a tradition that their ancestors came from the^ south, and who to this day speak of their southern brethren. ? I afterward, brought to light seferal more ;bodips whirib had been interred under sim'lar condition's.*Thej worend ornaments or metal, but ornamental,'shells, and arodfid their anklet and wrists were founaanklets and bracelets of b«atifu!ly plated straw, which, however, crumbled to dust when handled. Theit- only clothing consisted of three layers wrappings wound around the loins; first came a coarse cotton cloth, then a piece of matting, and over that again'ahotber cloth Wrapping. Underneath was a ; large piece of cotton batting, mixed tvith the feathers of the turkey and the large woodpecker. In a few instances the cotton cloth was dyed red or indigo blue. Near the head of each body was a small "olla" jar of simple design, and buried with pnd we found a bundle of "devil's claws' 1 — marlhynie. now. Jcrsoy to 000,000, IT is estimated international by the commissioner of revenue that $10,000,000 Sir Edward Arnold always smokes a pipe when at work and glories in the fac' thst he bus written at least, eight thousand udilorial leaders, each of which has been over half a column in length. * * » Mrs. Panit'll will receive $200,OlX) under I'm- will of her aunt,. tlu> l,ro Lady Wood, ami will liavt! an ampin fortune with which to alleviate the sorrows of her \viii- owhoul. * » * The daughter ot (.VitgivsMicm linker, ol Ka.ufcUti, does u iimn'ii work on a farm owned by hcihcii. She, plow.-, and syw.-. and attend.-! to the various other duties of J'arin life. will 'jo required to nay tho sugar bounties due on this year's yield. Tn i« United Slates minister to Italy, Albert, (3. Porter, has been hastily called home fo confer with the government regarding tho Now Orleans jMailla affair. WIU,AHI> Nouviti,!,, of Dfitroit, a clerk in the treasury department lit Win hington, has been arrested for stealing $500 from a package containing $17,000 given him to count. AT the meeting of tho Liberal Christian alliance at Aurora, til., tho followinu olli- cers were elected: President, Hev. Dr. H. VV. Thomas, of Chicago; vice presidents, ROT. David Swing, of Chicago; Rev. E. E. Halo, of Boston; ROT David Ul.ter, of St. Lnuis, and Rev. W. S. Crowe, of Newark, N..I.J secretary and treasurer, Rov. 1.0. Milsted, of Chicago. Tins skeletons of a massive man and woman have been unearthed in an Indian mounds near Clullicotho, Ohio. Tho male skeleton was incased in copper armor, while th» mouth was stuffed with large pearls, md it, is supposed to bo tho remains of tho kuitr ol the mound builders Mn Ay.icicu MUHAU.ICM, an Ottoman subject from Mount, Lebanon, Syria, called at, Uio-White house Monday morning with elegunt. portrait of President, Harrison, an in silk, framed in native wood inlaid with mother-of-pearl, which he presented to tun president. II, is a fine specimen or oriental industry. IT is declared at the department of state that, limn; had boon no correspondence bo- Iwoen Ihis gov.irnnu'iil and that of Italy in regard to New Orleans lynching affair since last spring and consequently tho dii patch from K'o-.ne statin/,' that this tfiwriunenl hail nc.knowlcdgt'ti laibilty for llm affair and would pay imlemni'y, is in- ^ a disastrous fire in the business district of St Louis Tuesday morning. Tho loss is estimated at $1,000,000, or over. THE Ashley wire works, at Joliet, were almost destroyed Monday morning by the explosion of & boiler. A fireman was lulled. THE factory of the Delhi caariago hardware company, employing 850 nun, was totally destroyed by lire Monday morning Tho loss is heavy. AN incendiary fire at 8 o'clock Saturday morning destroyed a large part of *iie business section of Lexington, Neb. Eight buildini/s were consumed, causing a loos of $100,000, nearly covered by insurance. Tim plant and building of the Brigham Safe and Locke c jnipany, located at Avondale, a suburb of Brigham, Ala., was burned Monday nigh fully in MI rod. Loss, $150,000; t'ORUKJN. TIIK m-w off tSmulgate of Uu> Bii'iivnuu 1 . iisliore „ , wa.i rescued Wi'd- nesday night. MUHIC Brazilian provinces declare fheni- imlepi'iidcnt, and some lighting s rumored. AT I'uris, Franco, ti one nil Oluirk-s Nicolas ImcrotoMe, a member of theehtun- bi'r of deputies in dead Kx-K IMI MILAN has signed u roninu'in- Iton ot all hit. legal and constitutional rights in Si'rvia. KiiHVKN minors were killed and two injured by an explosion of Jire-diunp in a coal mine in Essen, (lurnmny. TIIK HrilisM. bark Sura is a total wreck below Cuvnianagli point. All but two of the wow reached tho short) in safety. TIIK Chinese province of Hunan is reported to bo in open revolt, and a great civil war seems inevitable- in that country. IN Milan, Jt.ily, Sunday, tho services of troops woro rceiuired to disperse a riotous astspiublago of of suarehists. MieiiAici, Kim-iiMKit, a banker of liucuarest, Uounuima.has been arrested in Now York, chr.ryud with swiudlina buduirost i-itixons 01 80,000 francs. hi I he dopurtmout of 1'as do Calais of rrauco '2,600 coal- miners went on u strike Monday, according to thior previously announced program. THIS duke do Dino, who married the wealthy Miss Adelu Saiupsou'of Ney York, is reported to huvo lost &>&0,000 of his •v lie's money at Monte Carlo one day last OBIMB. MAHK of Chicago, was fined $75 and costs Wednesday morning for hitting his wife with a baseball bat. GKOIIOB A. BICAHU, cashier of the suspended Cheyenne, Wyo., National bank- committed suicide Monday. No one questions his integrity. ON Sunday evening, Captain Hattie Smith, of the Salvation Army, was shot at, Omaha, by a jealous girl named Nettie Bledior, who afterward lulled herself. HKIIMAN GUUENIIAUM, an old and trustee' employe of tho Bergner & Englem Urewinc company of Philadelphia, has been arrested, charged with e/nbez/Jing upwards of $10,000 from his employers. IT is Raid that Billy Emerson, the minstrel, took the receipts of his show at, Wheeler opera house, Toledo, Ohio, and left for parts unknown, leaving his company stranded there. A TIHKVK'S den in Chicago was raided oy polite, who captured nineteen robbers and recovered a large quantity of stolen goods. JUSTIOK WOODMAN fined several of the amirchihts arrested Thursday night in Chicago, for carrying concealed weapons. LKO HKILI-KHN, of Minneapolis, aftor hrw trials, was found guilty of embezzle- nu'iit. TOU Louis PATIU.O, of the At- antii Constitution, who Idllo . a man for insulting his divorced wife, has been ac- i|uilt«d. SiiKiiiKK UAUIUMAN arrived at, Blair, Neb., with Arthur Sloan, who killed his stepfather, near Fontanolle. Neb., in October. Sloan was captured near Slater, Iowa, where he was working on a farm. B. C. WKU.KK, postmaster at Glasgow, Mo., was compelled by three robbers, at tint point of. revolvers, to turn over all valuables in his possession, amounting tq $3,000. Tho robbers escaped. W. I 1 '. lUuui, the Madera banker, arresteii Friday evening in SanFranci Gal., on a charge of forgery. AT Durance, Colo,, Alaggie Montgomery stabbed John Gro-is in the heart. Gross died instantly, lie was to havebot-nmar- ried Monday, and this caused Maggie's jealousy, This is her second victim. TIIK preliminary hearing of John Bcattie, charged with the murder of Miss Kami to Cart-wright, was concluded in Cni- CHSTO Tuesday and Beatlio was hold in !?;>,000 to await tho action of tho grand jury, AT Hannibal, Mo., Mariah Haven (colored), wiio struck u colored aian iHinu'd Join; Washington with a brick, While as yet all beings belonged to one family, tho great father, Bo-shai-ah-kia, lived in the city of he misrs, guarded on all sided by the six prey gods. On the north he-was guarded by the mountain lion on the west) by the boar, on the south by the badger, on the east by the wolf, in the air above by the eagle and in the earth beneath by the mole. Among these subordinate deities ho divided the universe, giving to earb. the part above mentioned as appertaining to each. At present it is their duty to carry messages between the great father and mankind, for which reason they are prayed to. Among tho Pueblo Indians six points of the compass are recognized and each has its color. North is yellow, west is blue, south is red, east is white tho upper regions are many colored, and the lower regions ore black. And the prey gods ure represented by their images in these six colors. For example, there is the yellow mountain lion of the .north, the blue mountain lion of the west, the red mountain lion of the soutn, and so on. Likewise it is with the other beasts, and thus a very considerable number of deities is formed. All of them must receive worshipful attention, least they get angry and revenge themselves for the neglect as the black bear did in the true story of Mi-tsi. . Mi-tsi h.id become careless about his sacrifices, ; and one day when he was cut ting corral posts along came a black bear out of a ticket. He ran and climbed up a dead pinotree, but the bear climbed after him and ate his foot off, so that ho was lamed for life. When tho hunter is about to set forth upon an expedition, he takes his image of the particular prey god he desires to propitiate and has it loaded by a priest with the spirit of the divinity. ' Then ho hangs it around his neck and performs many ceremonies, scattering sacred meal of seed corn, emblematic of productiveness, and praying the trees and thickets of the forest to hold and entangle his game. When ho reaches a spot where the beast is in IN OLDEN TIMES. Thn Grain mur School of Aberdeen aud how . ' ... H wiis Conducted. The school-house was a, low, one-storied building in the Schoolhill, in the form of the letter H, the public school in the cen- tre, alul four class-rooms in the four wings. The little quadrangle in front was the only play ground, silent as the grave during the hours of teaching, but bursting with life and resounding with the shouts and shrieks of some 150 boys during the intervals of play. The games were simple bub varied, following a sort, of scholastic calendar which regularly brought round marbles, buttons, hand-balls, peg tops, and what not in due season, Beyc-nd the precincts of the school there was abundance of racing, chasing, hunting and thumping, for police were yet unknown, and the streets were nob too crowded to be turned into a general play-ground. Everything was singularly inexpensive. The fees in Bvron's : time were but five shillings a.quarter; and the sports of the school had to be defrayed by the boys .out of their pocket-money, which seldom exceeds a penny a 'week. Nothing could'have shocked a thrifty Aberdeen burgess more than to be. caller 1 , to pay entry-money or yearly contributions for cricket or foot-ball; indeed, such Raines were quite unknown. It must be remembered that a bundled years ago Scotland was really a very poor country, and in a provincial town like Aberdeen living was very simple, and the people very thrifty. In Byron's time Latin was literally the only branch of. instruction in the grammar-school. It was Latin, "semper, „___ is that there are not more of .them .raised and used fof animal food. If stored,away where they will not: they may be kept along well through J winter, and furnish a vaiiety at a tin when most of the feed is dry.—8. Trutnbill. ' •-' : / ; : Cultivating HllUldei. How to plow hillsides so that they will receive the least injury from Trashing as the result of cultivation is a question on •which various opinions have been estoress- ed, with no uniform ^practice prevailing. S6me advise plowing h&rizdntally across the face of the hill 50 that th%-rainfall, in* stead of running off .in ^furrowi. made by plowing up' and down the hilt, will be somewhat obstructed in its course, and its absorption by the soil where it has -fallen will be favored. It is also sometimes advised to made deep furrows or ditches at intervals on[theface of a cultivated hillside to more perfectly intercept the course of the rain water and hold it until it is mostly absorbed by the soil. Prom the nature of the case both of these plans_ are liable to the serious objection of making the matter worse rather than better, for it will be found impossible to dam heavy showers in that way; and an overflow would be certain to occur, the effect of which would be to concentrate the water into a few channels aad prove more damaging than when more generally distributed. An Ohio farmer with a lengthy experience in a rather hilly region is on record as saying that where hillsides must be cultivated he emphatically dissents from writers who recommend the making of rows of. any crop parallel with the course of the hill, and that it is far Letter to plow so that, each little ditch will carry the small amount of «...!.».. £~lt: u _ - ;n • fi_ II rt water falling washing will 'within occur, its but valley, many Some sinal streams do not occasion as much injury ai a few large ones.—N. T. World. SAIIAItA TKAP.PIC. ill . 1 The IJxiHluess ot the Oreut Salmrliui Kail- way. The traffic of the Trans-Saharian railway will comprise two classes of business —the first, local, betweeri Oasis and oasis, or the Saharian traffic proper; the second, the business between extreme ends of the line, between Algeria and France and the central Soudan. Once given railway transportation, depots and markets will spring up 'along the line, for the surveys cross the lines followed by the caravans that carry on the commerce of the desert. The export of cereals from Algeria to the Touaregs, and .to. the Au country, and the export of salt, which is not found in the Soudan, will give importance to the salt wells of Amadrhor. Upon the other hand, Wilt. ;ancisc3, , from the effects of wliich he died Moivdur night, has been h-Id for the grand jury to answer the charge of murder. Judge: "Prisoner, have you tiny visible moans of support?' 1 Prisoner: "Yes, sor, your honor. (To his wife) Bridget, stand up so that the court can see yt-z." pursuit or has lam down, he goes through more hocus pocus, without which he believes he would stand no show whatever in the chase. Onlj the priests are able to make the images of the deities or other fetiches properly. A fetich may be defined as an object in which a spirit has been induced to dwell for the benefit of tho owner. It goes without saying that unless the ob- jpot is constructed in the proper manner and painted sorrectly, the spirit will no consent to stay in it. • These spirits are very particula'r about such things. Once every year there is a day set apart for a council of the fetiches. They are all arranged according to their kind and color in front of an altar. The qu'adrapeds are set upright, while the eagles and other winged ones are suspended by cords from the rafters. Each member of the tribe addresses prayers to thorn and scatter sac red meal over them. Prayer chants are sung at intervals, with "dancing to tho sound of rattles, accompanied by imitations of the cries of the animals worshipped. A feast follows, at which portions of _ each kind of food are taken out for sacrifice to tho proy gods, There are other deities besides the prey gods, however, which have to be propitiated. Kor example, there is the rain god, tbe sun aod, the war god and the mother g"ddoss, who is the mother of all tho del ties She is represented by a very extraordinary fetich, made ot: an ear of corn, wrapped up in a curious bundle, with feathers of several kinds sticking out of one end. Corn is regarded by these people, who live on that vegetable, as emblematic of the spirit of fertility. The feathers are • those of an eagle, itself the god of the upper regions, and of other birds associateu with religious myths Rain is prayed for by thrusting into tho ground little sticks with feathers attached to them, the scattering of sacred meal and other ceremonies accompanying the performance, Each feathered" stick represents a prayer, and the plumes, are in- temted to carry them to the gods to whom they ure addressed.—Washington Star. US TUE S1EUUA MAUUK. Hurled In Ouvoo W«»e Found tho Keiuniiu of u Siruiik'u People. On the side of tho canon, where tho sun rarely shines, were a number of burial caves. At first sight there was nothing lo indicate that they had over been used, but after digging to a depth of three feet be low th« hard substance that composed the door of the cave, we fortunately struck a skull, then came upon the whole body of «, miiu. After this followed that of a mother holding her child in her arins, then two more bodies, • all lying • on their left sid»s facing the west, wi'th their kneos half drawn up, and all in « marvelous state of preservation, owing to the presence of saltpetre in the dust. This imparted to tho dead a mummy-like appear- . , , ubique, et omnibus," yt-ar in and year out, summer and winter, morning and evening: only Latin, and that, continually. And tho manner of teaching was usually dull, as the matter of it was monotonous. The rector, Dr. James Dun, was'a very old man, approaching ninety, but his duties wcru performed by a coadjutor. There was no effort to make the work interesting, and no resource for wakening up tho intellect of.boys who had no turn for languages and the classics. : Byron did not apply himself to the work. His name never appeared in the ->riz3 list. Usually, in a class of about tliirty, his place in the quarterly lists ranged from fifteen to twenty. The highest ever recorded was fifth, and it is an interesting circumstance to the present writer that in that list the name immediately above it was James Blaikie. To boys that applied themselves earnestly to the work, the course of study had at, least the effect of good mental discipline, and to this extent it was a useful preparation for after-life. But to one who merely endured the thing, it must have been alike a weariness of the flesh and a dissipation of the mind. The school hours were very rigid, and the vacations few and short. Eight to nine o'clock to begin with, summer and winter, and in Aberdeen diirk winter mornings seemed to have a bitterness all their own. From ten to twelve and from three to five at the grammar-school, and for writing there was another school, from twelve to one, and for arithmetic from one to two. The vacations were just three wi'eks at midsummer, a week at Christmas, and mi occasional day or two at, other times, On Wednesdays lessons ended at twelve, and on Saturuay at eleven. If tho holidays were short, they were all the more appreciated. The panting and outstretching of soul for "the play" at midsummer rose to an enthusiasm unknown for anything else. Weeks before, the boys would assemble in the classrooms before the master appeared, and beat time on the desks to a rhyme of which they never tired: 'Oh, for tho play, boys, Oh for the pluy! Oh, for tho bonniu, uomiie, bonnte summer's playV" The last week there was a busy collection of pence for "busking," or decorating the school, and on the evening before the vacation was given out, the boys sallied forth in a glorious exuberance of spirits, making in groups for every available nursery, garden, wood, or villa in the neighborhood, to be;<, buy or borrow flowers and branches for the work of decoration. By dint of e<tr : y risiny, the decoration was completed by eight o'clock in the morning, and for once in the jear the ilull and clingy classroom? looked like lovers bowers. And when "thepl.ty" was given out, and iho school dispersed, the yells of delight, that burst from every throat resounded through all the neighboring streets, and in fainter echoes reached the furthest, outskirts of the town.—Harper's Magazine. it is certain that a constant stream froui the south will pour into Algeria, bringing chiefly hides and: leather. An estimate of the yearly income to be derived from the Saharian business may bo put at (i 265,000 franks. Dividing • this sum by the length of the line from Biskra to Lake Tchad, 3,100 kilometres (1.923 miles), the earnings areequslto 2,000 francs per kilo- metre. Central Soudan is rich enough to furnish u vast commercial busine.es to a railway: spices; ostrich feathers, gold dust, indigo, hides, leather, cereals and fruits, palm oil, cotton, ebony, and dye stuffs. The exports and imports of the Soudan ought to provide an income of 7,310 francs per kilometre. Finally, there remains the passenger traffic, which may be expected to grow into importance, f In round numbers, I may say that, the' Trans-Saharian traffic would ;resujfc in earnings of. about 10,000 francs peri kilo • metre of line. As the construction cost would average 100,000 francs a kilometre, interest at 4J| per cent, will require 4,500 francs per kilometre. . The running expenses of one train'a day, in either direction, would be between 5,000 and 5,500 franas pfr kilometre per year. ' From a financial standpoint the enterprise, if well managed, ought therefore to prove remunerative. This- alone, apart from other considei aliens, should warrant a Tram-Saharian railway.—Napoleon Ney in ft ovember Scribner. WON TH E ItACE, Victory Over Which Miilue Ship Builders Veel Proud. NEW YOHK, Nov. 19.— The Maine ship building men. have scored a victory in the triumph of the gigantic ship Shenandoah which just completed the race from-San Irancisco to Havre, France, at which port a cablegram announces she arrived hday. On August 1, four sailing vessels left ban Iranciseo for Europe and it was 'understood there would be a lively race. Tho ships engaged were the Shenandoah, the British ship Strathearn, the S. D. Carleton, of Rockport, Maine, anr'i the British ship Balko- man. Ihe destination of the four racers was Havre. The time ot the Shenandoah's voyage was 109 days, None of the other vessels in tht race have yet arrived. The bhenando.ih carried 5,000 tons of wheat, the argest cargo ever carried in one * vessel, J| TRAGEOlKb~AT^ I'umpklnti us Foot! for Stock, Pumpkins are easily grown on utmost any soil, and require but lictlo cultivation and are seldom thrown turn separate crop. They are generally planted among the hills of corn, and may thus be considered as a kind of supplementary crop, and whatever valuu tnev may have as animal food is couimoaly thought by farmers who raise them in this way to be clear gain. Some varieties are of monstrous siza, but the common large yellow is- sufficiently productive, and for all purposes 1 give tiiem i lie preference. Pumpkins make good food for cattle or hogs, but when fed to milch cows I would firs': halve O r quarter them before chopping then up, and fcrap<; out the seeds, giving them to the hogs. I have always believed the seeds will cause a shrinkage in the milk, otherwise I think them excellent foo'd for cows. I know of jio plant chat will give so much feeding substance for so little work as the pumpkin will, and if they are fed to hogs freely as soon as they ure ripe enough they will increase thc.ir growth, and a great deal of corn may be saved while fattening them. A SrartUiif? Series of IMiirtkirous Crimes in Reported. ST. Louis. Nov. 19.—A series of start- 'V?* 2 ; tragedies has occurred here. Ernest Hick-man, of East St.. Louis, shot his wife fatally and then suicided. lie had been on a protracted spree. At. ai-t Ejsfon avfinuo Gertrude arid Adelaide Dm-.,, are i.vuig- at the point of doath trow the effects of blows ad- by their brother Charles an iron poker this attempted suicide at Kansas < woeks ago. HH had been '. ytus dance since babyhood «,»« wiii^z^MrAiS&ssa ?o, a school teacher, suicided this moving, wiu.e laboring under a Gt of despondency. le At the Harvest of Death Much grata IB prematurely reaped by th* .cythe "f disease that might Have been ripened to a /old- ssKKsr!^2r.2£: S-LSSTC "ffisr- * »* dyspepeia follow close on the he »• Other begetting . numeion s progeny Viater ail- menu more or less severe at> thnlr cam* I. more IMud ut Itinou. RIPOS, Wis., Nov. 19.-Jehdeh Bowen, aged 75. died today. He w rt s the chief helper of A. E. Bovay, wha is credited by many with beiug the founder of the re. ublican party, W i '-}-• J - f

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