BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 130 BlythevlUe Courier Blytheville Dally New« Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald THE POMnfAOT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 1953 Shah Arrives At Baghdad Zahedi Has Control in Iran; Deposed Mossadegh Jailed BAGHDAD, Iraq. (AP) — The Shah of Iran, triumphantly en route from exile in Rome, landed here today.. The Shah, Mohammed Reza Pahlevi, is returning after five days of exile caused by the turblent events in his oil- rich land. He started his journey after Premier Mohammed Mossadegh was overthrown Wednesday in a brief bloody royalist revolt led by Gen. Fozollah Zahedi the new Premier. • * Mossadegh, clad in pink pajamas and deeply depressed, shakily surrendered yesterday, and Is under heavy guard in Tehran. The Iraqi crown prince, Abdulah Ilah, was on hand at the Baghdad airport to greet the smiling young Shah. Also on hand were the Iranian ambassador, Mudhaffar Aalam, and other embassy officials, but the young ruler did not receive them. The Iranian diplomats, beholden to Mossadegh, gave their ruler the cold shoulder when he made a. stopover here Sunday on his flight from his country where Mossadegh police were busily rounding up royalists. The Shah's chartered Constellation, with 20 newsmen aboard, landed after a seven hour Jllght from Rome. He said he would stay here over night in the company of his "good 5,000 Out In State Strikes 2,800 Bell Workers Are Idle P' By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS More than 5,000 Arkansas workers are out on strike in three seperate walkouts and it appears another one is brewing among Little Rock's bus drivers. Some 2,800 Southwestern Bell Telephone Company workers maintained picket lines around Bell offices in the state today. Supervisory personnel handled long distance and manually operated phone service. Bell officials said normal telephone service was being maintained. ' Arkansas telephone workers joined fellow Southwestern Bell em- ployes who walked off their jobs in six states yesterday morning to back up demands for an extra T/ 2 cents an hour. Last minute negotiations between CIO Communication Workers and . Bel! in St. Louis failed to stave f" off the strike. A federal mediator • in St. Louis, William F. White, said another meeting was scheduled for today, WO Per Cent Effective The Bell strike in Little Rock was called "100 per cent effective" by Joe Howell, president of the Little Rock local of the CWA. Floyd Taylor, head of the CWA in Arkansas said workers were "out solid" at 40 exchanges in the state. Meanwhile, in .Little Rock, f I day today. Plant Manager Stanle Corp. employes moved into its 22n strike of some 1,100 U. S. Tim C. Amren says the company i hiring workers to replace strikers At Gum Springs, near Arkadei phia, yesterday, an estimated 1,40 construction workers halted wor at the Reynolds Metals Compan; aluminum plant. An AFL Sheetmetal Workers of ficial said the strike involved a dispute with Reynolds. He declinec to elaborate but unofficial source hinted it revolved around union charges that Reynolds workers ar doing some.of the plant construe tion work. Denies Knowledge Reynolds plant manager James Hutchinson said he didn't know anything about the strike and add ed: "If the union says their argu ment is with Reynolds they haven'i told me about it." E. P. Eilmes, international rep r e s e n t a 11 v e for the Sheet metal Workers said there would be a meeting in Little Rock today to attempt to iron out the dispute The threat of an Aug. 31 strike by AFL union bus drivers in Greater Little Rock wasn't alleviated when a meeting between bus company officials and union men broke up. • State Labor Commissioner Joe Cash adjourned the meeting he had , NAT1UNA1 COTTON CU'lilHG <:< !|V R»» k M fr«< TEN PAGES NCPC ON FOREIGN SHOItES — First Lt. Chester Caldwell, Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. Chester Caldwell of Blytheville, Is shown inspecting a National Cotton Picking Contest handbill distributed in Korea and held by a young Korean. Lieutenant Caldwell said several of the handbills have been posted around Taegu. They were sent to Korea by the Junior Chamber oi Commerce's National Cotton Picking Contest committee. (Air Force Photo) friend," 18-year-old King Faisal of Iraq, and personally fly his own plane to Tehran tomorrow. It was in this plane that he es- ;aped to Baghdad last Sunday with three suitcases as his only lug- jage. He said Queen Soraya, who remained behind in Rome because ;he was tired and ill from recent rylng events, would follow him 'very soon." Rome's Iranian colony and lega- ion, which turned its back on the 5hah's arrival as a fugitive Monday with 20-year-old Queen Soraya, came out in force to cheer his departure by plane early today. Chartered Plane In a chartered Royal Dutch KLM) airliner, the Shah and a party of officials and newsmen headed for Baghdad, capital of his own country's next-door neighbor. Iraq. The young monarch planned to lunch early this afternoon with fly on to Tehran later today. Iraq's King Faisal, then perhaps Queen Soraya. exhausted and upset by the week's excitement, remained in Rome to rest up. Also left behind was the Shah'B strong-willed twin sister. Princess First Break In French Strikes: Workers Told to Resume Jobs PARIS (AP- — Non-Communist unions ordered thousands of workers back to their jobs today — the tirst break in the wave of strikes that has strngled France for 16 days But the back-to-work trek was slnw TTninno Mtn*>* m nnfi«« «n „,,,„„ ™ i rt I i. -"~«" "• m- Tiwrv, ui at.iin.ca Liiat lldS auijgieu riAllCS IQY 10 aaVS But the back-to-work trek was slow. Unions were meeting all over France to discuss the terms of settlement. The Socialist Workers' Force <*> and the Christian Labor Federation reached agreement with Premier Joseph Leniel's government early today for postal, telegraph and telephone workers to end their strike. Other government workers were expected to join the back-to- work movement. But attempts to put in telephone calls to other cities in France called after P, E. Askey, Capitol Transit Company's vice president of operations, objected to Cash as chairman Bus drivers of the Association of Street, Electric Railway and Motor Coach Employes want a 5- day, 40-hour week or a 40 per cent wage increase If they keep their present 6-day, 48-hour schedule. 239 ~~ 1 At Dell Clinid Chest x-rays were made of 239 persons yesterday when *a clinic was conducted at Dell by Ihe Tu. berculosls Association .in cooperation with the Dell Parent-Teachers Association. With two weeks remaining In the month-long series of clinics, a total of 4,381 persons have been x-rayed to date. The mobile unit was In Luxora today, and also will be there Monday. On Tuesday It will be located at Reiser Supply Co. In Kclser. Registrars for the Dell clinic were Mrs. Ed Hardln, Miss Charline Armstrong, Mrs. R. E. Simpson, Mrs. M. R. Griffin, Mrs. Billy Keener, Miss Joyce Gill, Mrs. J, T. Tate and Mrs. Arthur Penter. Ashraf. Mossadegh had exiled her because she fought his encroachments on the royal power. She hurried from the Riviera to her brother's side yesterday. Last night she told newsmen she might drop in on Tehran later for a visit. Baghdad had been the Shah's first haven Sunday after Mossa- degh's armed forces foiled the attempt of palace guards to enforce a royal decree naming Maj. Gen. Fazollah Zahedi premier. Fleeing to Iraq in his own plane, the Shah and his wife went oh to Rome Monday by British airliner. He dashed homeward almost as hurriedly after Iran's masses and its army rallied to Zahedi and their ruler's standard and drove Mossa- degh from his heavily-fortified home Wednesday. Three hundred or more died in the fighting. Premier Surrendered The weepy-eyed old Premier, who drove the British out of his nation's vast oilfields and then tried so hard to clip his ruler's power, surrendered yesterday to Zahedi at his headquarters In the Central Tehran Officers Club. Weak and limping, he still had on his habitual pink pajamas. His future was uncertain. Zahedi, in a "give yourself up" broadcast 12 hours earlier, had said, "We will wait for the nation to say what should be done with him." The ex-Premier's political advis- r, AH Shayegan, and two former Cabinet ministers, surrendered with him. There ,was no word' of Mossadegh's chief henchman, fiery former Foreign Minister Hossein Fatemt. Earlier reports, never confirmed, said the mob tore him to pieces Wednesday. Mossadegh and ,hls three associates were held in rooms on the ,op floor of the Tehran officers See IRAN on Fage 5 still were fruitless this afternoon. The communications services were not expected to be back to normal before Monday in any case. On other strike fronts there was little perceptible change. Only a few railroad trains were running, though Socialists and Catholics ordered their rail men back to work. The Paris subway and bus system were still partially paralyzed. Coal mines were still idle. The government was reported to have promised the postal, telephone and telegraph strikers: 1. To call into session before Sept. 30 a commission to consider general upward revision of French wages. 2. To take no sanctions against strikers. 3. To consult the unions before putting into effect Laniel's proposed economy decrees upping retirement age limits and cutting other benefits. The trek to work began after the two big non-Communist unions —the Socialist Workers' Force (FO) and the Christian (Catholic) Labor Federation (CFTC)reached in agreement early today with Premier Joseph Laniel's government. Plenty of Trouble Thoug.i uiJ>er government work- See STRIKE on Page 5 Gat kings Encouraging OnAirBaseandParity Both farmers and businessmen here liked what they heard yesterday.when Congressman E. C. (Took) Gathings told Hinni tVi'if- " °- them that: 1. Work a few weeks; and air bans should fcetin Mox to Present First 3-D Movie Here Next Week The first three-dimension tion picture to be shown thevill will begin 2. Sentiment on the House Committee on Agriculture leans heavily toward continuation o£,i)0 per cent parity, Speaking at the weekly Rotary regard to commodity prices ji/ill SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENT! 300 Riot In Prison OutWest Buildings Fired In Vicious Revolt; 1 Dead MONROE, Wash. (AP) _ Three-hundred inmates of the Washington State Reformatory last night went on a destructive spree that ended hours India Gaining Support in U N Cuba Is 2nd Nation To Adopt U. S. View UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — Cuba today became he second U. N. member to line up with the United States in _ L , itvui o *•"" uu^-wiau \j• ii. JIIIV>IHUGJ- LW init uu VY lilt Lllc UIllLctl OtalcH III later with one man dead, three I opposing inclusion of India in the Korean peace conference 3 insti- Nationalist China came out against India earlier. Club meeting in Hotel Noble, Hep. Gathings said he received a letter from Col. Thomas B. Hayes,.retiring commander of Corps of Engineers Little Rock District office, to the effect that details regarding air base reactivation have been ironed out and that construction sho begin "within a few weeks." The letter was written, Mr. GatL- ings said, shortly before Colonel Hayes left the Little Bock office for a new assignment. On commodity prices, he said: "Any sliding scale proposition in C. of C. fo Assist Federal Agency Office fo Provide Information for Use By Businessmen The Blytheville Chamber of Commerce has been appointed as a cooperative office of the Department of Commerce, it was announced today. Ernest L. Tutt, regional director Mr - Gathings was Introduced by of the Department of Commerce m i Rotarlan !•• O. Nash. Some 60 club jn mo- o' me Department of Commerce ln ""-"•"• "• < in Ely-1 Dallas, Tex., said that the appoint-! "™ b /" b ™' f night; ment "would make available al S ta to he: st Main: types of hminp*: i n f n r™..,-_ ,._ congressman. m^viij win uc£in i neauay inyiii ; mciii. woum make available al at the Mox Theater on West Main I types of business information for and continue through Friday night, "—'- -' " ' it was announced today by W. L. Moxley, owner. The picture will be Allied Artists mystery entitled "The Maze" starring Richard Carlson and Veronica Hurst. To be shown as a companion feature will be a three-dimenson comedy called "Spooks." It stars the Three Stooges, who bombard the ...j, everything throw- audience able. Truman Accepts Bid to Visit Caruthersville Legion Fair CARUTHERSVILLE, M 0 . — 'ormer President Harry S. Truman has accepted an Invitation to >islt the American Legion Fair to e held in Caruthersville Sept 0-Oct. 4, James T. Ahern, presl- ent of the fair board, announced esterday. While the date of the visit may e changed for the convenience of he ex-president, it has been ten- atlvely set for Oct. 1, Mr. Ahern sail that arrange„..,.* altallKC- ments have been made for a pri- ate plene from Sikestqn, Mo., to Ick Truman up In St. Louis and fly im to Caruthersville. Plans are eing made for a reception In his onor. Truman, who has many close rlends In Southeast Missouri last sited the fair In 1948. He also Islted U>« event In prior years when he was a United States Senator. Harry E. Malloure, secretary- manager, said the fair is being enlarged again this year to serve an increased attendance. Last year, he said, the exposition drew over 40,000 people from a four-state area — Its largest crowd sinct 1945. Added this year will be agricultural and home economics exhibits in which prizes will be awarded totaling $300. There will be a four- day horse racing program with $2,626 in purses and a midway, Malloure said. The free grandstand show this year will .be a Mexican fiesta titled "South of the Border." Norman Shaln, director of the contest to select, "Miss 1953 American Legion Fair," said the entrants were beginning to register. The contest closes August 28. I people of this area." The appointment is in line with the reduction of field offices and the cooperation with the Department of Commerce by-Chamber ol Commerces all over the country, he said. Should a business man have a problem • or need Information within the scope of this agreement, he is welcome to use the facilities now available in the Chamber office in the City Hall, the announcement said. In the agreement, signed by Carlton Haywara, director of field services of the Department of Commerce, and Chamber of Commerce Officials, the following was included: (1.) Assign to an appropriate officer or other staff members of the organization the responsibility for the cooperative oltlce activities covered by this agreement, and notify the Department when any change Is made In the person as- have tough going In the commitfee." He added that no one is certain just what sort of program might be recommended by Secretary of Agd- ralturc Ezra F°nson. Mr. Gathings, who spoke briefly •m a variety of subjects, branded 'td-hunting Sen. Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin as a "demagogue and lieadline seeker, but one of America's real patriots. Everybody Mad But People "The press and many politicians are mad at him. Seems like everyone is mad at him with the exception of the American people." Mr. Oathings said he was in agreement with Arkansas' Sen. John McClellan, who quit McCarthy's investigating subcommittee when refused a vote on committee personnel. In regard to the cold war, Mr. Gathings said distribution of surplus commodities to starved people has been the nation's most effective device the O. S. has yet employed In winning friends abroad. Current Korean truce was brought about simply "because it was too expensive for the Reds." Malenkov's peace offensive, Mr. Gathings stated, is the result of Malenkov trying to get his house In order before launching anything like a world war. Mr. Gathings was introduced by otarlari'L. G. Nash. Some 60 club members brought almost that many ir the West Memphis IE injured and five of the .ution's sprawling building., destroyed by fire. Unit othe rioters were in a cell Jlock. the others on the grounds in he center of the buildings they lad set torch to in a sudden outbreak of frenzied viciousness. The rioters struck Without warn- ig during the evening recreation Jerlod. One group took over one of he reformatory's two large cell ilocks and the other ran through he grounds setting fire to the milcilngs surrounding the rccrea- on area. Three-hundred other prisoners ook no part in the uprising. Guards at first made no effort o stop the stone-throwing, bat- lurling, cursing, howling convicts. The Monroe volunteer fire department was called and was Inside he walls Within minutes. But they vere driven back by stones and lats. Other fire equipment arrived but lone ever got inside the walls de- plte the hundreds of peace of- icers who came from • all over western Washington, Including Settle, 20 miles to the southwest. No Explanation No attempt was made by the onvicts to communicate with Varden P. J. Squier or other of- cials—except to hurl taunts, im- recations and debris through 'indows and at guards. No explanation for the outbreak ould be had from Squier. One tlard said, however, that there ad been trouble during the day ie would not explain further. Most of the inmates at the re- ormalory are younger offenders their 20s. Older and more ardened .criminals are kept in he Washington State Penitentiary. .'imatu'.s rioting in the cell block ire rip plumbing, broke windows id destroyed furnishings. They, oo, howlfed. and cursed Then, several hours after the first outbreak at 7 p.m. PST, .. group of the men on the grounds tried to break through the <rate. Guards, almost shoulder to n'.'oul- der atop the 30 foot high walls and armed with everything from riot guns to tomrny'viins. o"ene'l fire. One Blinded Four men fell. One was mortally wounded. Another, struck by a ricocheting bullet which passed through his head right behind his eyes, lay on the ground screaming. Doctors said later he would be Sec RIOT on Page 5 Caruf/jersv/7/e Bridge Site Is Approved CARUTHERSVILLE, Mo. OP) Army engineers have aproved the site selected for a new bridge across the Mississippi River near here, it was reported yesterday. State Sen. J. F. Patterson of Ca- vuthersville said the western approach to the bridge will be here, with the eastern end at Powell's Ferry, near Ridgley, Tenn. Patterson if executive secretary of the Tennessee-Missouri Bridge Commission. Final approval of the bridge site, he said, was given by the chief, of Army engineers In Washington. 150Howlmg, Dancing U.S. PWs Freed Largest Group Delivered; 300 ROKs Included By FORREST EDWARDS PANMUNJOM (AP) — A rollicking 150 Americans, the largest single-day delivery yet in the Korean War prisoner exchange, rode out of Red captivity at this wayside village today. Eager as youngsters, they shouted and danced as they were freed with 300 South Koreans. The Americans were from Camp I at Chongsong on the Yalu River, he Red stockade for "mcorrtgi- bles" who actively resisted Communism. The repatriates said the first jroup of Americans from a fourth Red prison—Camp 9 Kanggye—ar- rived Thursday night at Kaesong, the Red clearing site just north of Panmunjom. All other American POWs sent back have been from Camps 1,3 3r.d -,5;-' Including some men transferred to these camps from other stockades. Saturday's shipment Was expected to include some Camp 8 prisoners, a number of whom were reported only recently captured. The Reds said Saturday's delivery would include 94 Americans— 30 of them sick or wounded—300 South Koreans, 23 British, 13 Canadians, 3 Australians, 2 French, 1 Turk and 1 Colombian. Three Canadians. 2 British, 1 1 Australian and the Turk were listed as sick or wouncled. U.S. Total 1,465 The 150 Americans returned Thursday brought the total to 1,405 of the 3,313 the Reds said they held. In all, 6,983 Allied prisoners | K g"^ Other countries from Scandinavia, the Middle East and Eastern Europe continued, however, to join the growing list in favor of Indian participation. Among those supporting India before the General Assembly's 60- nation Political Committee at its morning session were Sweden, Norway, Egypt, wisrael and Poland. Sweden's Richard Sandier also told the committee his government "sees no reason for Sweden to be negotiating member" of the peace conference. He was commenting on a Soviet resolution which recommended Sweden as a member of the parley. Both Sandier and Norwegian Delegate Hans Engen supported the inclusion of Russia In the conference, as well as all the countries who took part In the fighting on either side. Meanwhile, the delegates studied a new Indian proposal which some said would give Communist China and North Korea a veto over the U. N.'s choices for the conference The new Indian move coincided with a stepup by the United States :n its drive to keep India out of Ihe negotiations. U. S. Delegate rlenry Cabot Lodge Jr. announced le would vote against inviting India to the conference table. The General Assembly's «Q-nation Political Committee m.vin- while kept up Its efforts to pick t slate of representatives to Eft it the conference. Commltteo Jhalrman Joao Carlos Muniz of Jraztl said if the delegates didn't hurry up, they couldn't finish by next week. The Indian resolution proposed hat U. N. Secretary Geijeral Dag Hammarskjold 'communicate the Assembly decisions to the North "orean and Pelplng regimes "and eport to the General Assembly s appropriate." Indian Delegate V. K. Krishna Menon said It was purely procedural, but U. S. delegates thought they saw a gimmick in It. They said it would require careful etudy. A member of the Indian delegation said privately that the resolution would give the Communist combatants a chance to comment on the U. N. Decisions, and possibly to reject them. These two countries are not members of the V. N. and therefore not taking part In the current discussions at U. N. headquarters. maintained that the listed by the Communists. No Communist POWs were sent See POW'a on Papc 5 First '53 Bale Of Missco Cotton Ginned in Osceola OSCEOLA — Mississippi Coun- y's first bale of the 1953 cotton crop has been ginned here, and is now on display In front of the Planter's Bank building. Grown on the R. C. Bryan farm at San Souci near here, the cot ton is of DP and L fox variety and was planted April 10. The bale, weighs 470 pounds, and was ginned at the R. C. Byran Gin south o Osceola. Aubrey Younger Is manager for the Bryan farm at San Soucl. armistice agreement is signed this responsibility. (2.1 Provide ment and othe .such :r o(fi files, equlp- tice facilities as- may be necessary to properly handl a furnish ... (3.) Through bulletin!, press releases, or other appropriate means, publicize the services «nd publications of the Department of Commerce available to the buslnesn public through the cooperative office. and make such announcements as may appear, to b« desirable on new C. of C. on r. fe I clear in its provisions that the "two sides" of the Korean war should choose their own representatives. On this basis, Lodge opposed a Soviet proposal to invlta Red China .and North Korea to attend the Assembly debates. British and Canadian sources said they favored the new Indian proposal as a wise procedural move. Both Britain and Canada, are urging India's participation In the Korean peace parley. Lodge previously had stated only that he would not vote for India, leaving open the question whether this meant a negative vote or the less-emphatic abstention. His sate- ment of outright opposition last night was designed to attract wavering members to his side. The United States has agreed to support a proposal recommending Russia's participation in the conference provided the two Communist combatants want her. Adoption of this proposal is assured, but Russia has not yet indicated whether she woug attend on the basis of the resolution. Inside Today's Courier News Society News . .. page 2 ... . . . Churches . . . page 3 ... Editorials . . . page 4 ... Little Leaguers Beat Joncsboro Top Field Register for King Cot-' Ion Open .. . Sports .. , pare. 6 and T .. Weather BIKE CARNIVAL AWARDS — These two bicycles, along with a trophy snA plaques, will be awarded winners In the Bicycle Carnival contests which will be a companion Icaturc lo Wednesday's final Blytheville Value IJay o( this summer. Entries are now being taken for the contests, which will be held at Walker Park following a Main Street parade of decorated bicycles. Above, Tony Edwards shows the prizes to be awarded both boy and girl entrants. (Courier News Photo) ARKANSAS — Generally fair with no important temperaturs changes this afternoon, tonight and Saturday. MISSOURI — Generally fair tonight and Saturday; warmer west Saturday; low tonight 60; high Saturday 85-90. Maximum yesterday—88. Minimum yesterday—58. Sunset today—6:41. . Sunrise tomorrow—5:25. Precipitation last 24 hours to 8:30 p.m. yesterday—none. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)—73. Precipitation Jan. 1 to dat«-3J.7«. Thli Dati I.ait Ytar Minimum yesterday—72. Maximum yesterday—W. Precipitation January 1 to d*t* — 3t.it.
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