The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 17, 1954 · Page 1
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May 17, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, May 17, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 47 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MAY 17, 1954 FOURTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENT* HIGH COURT RULES SEGREGATION UNLAWFUL 2,000 Voters Needed in Sewer Vote Risk of a Defeat by Default Greater If Fewer Turn Out At least 2,000 Blytheville voters will have to go to the polls tomorrow if the proposed sewer plan that will be on the ballot is to have a fighting chance to pass. That was the estimate made today by a veteran Blytheville political observer. Any smaller a number of voters will increase the danger of a defeat by default. Even 2,000 votes is a relatively light vote, but it would be far heavier than the usual special election brings out here. In the sewer election two years ago, in which a proposal to buy the water company in order to finance a new system was defeated, only about 1,250 votes were cast. There are an estimated 4,500 to 5.000 qualified voters in Blytheville —persons who hold poll tax receipts and meet residence requirements and are thus entitled to vote. Although the present sewer proposal calls for division of the city into three sections for construction and financing purposes, any qualified voter residing anywhere within the city's corporate limits is eligible to vote tomorrow. On the ballot tomorrow will be a proposal to float an $850,000 revenue bond issue with which to build a "backbone" sewer system that would include new trunk mains, lift stations and a treatment plant. It is this backbone system which is necessary if any new sewers are to be built here at all. Would Serve Entire City Property in areas in which improvement districts would be formed—areas now without sewers— woull be connected to this backbone system, which will pick up and transport sewage from the entire city to the treatment plant. Polls will open at 8 a.m. tomorrow and will close at 6.30 p.m. There will -be one polling place in each ward. They will be located as follows: Ward One—City Hall. Ward Two—Blytheville Water Co. Ward Three—Fire tation No. 2 (1900 West Main). Ward Four—Moore Bros. Store. The explanation "behind the need Never Has an Individual's Vote Been So Important If Blytheville is to take the first step in obtaining' its long-needed sewer system, the individual voter is going to have to show more initiative than in the normal election. Very seldom in elections in Blytheville has such a responsibility fallen to the individual man and woman. But a special election always brings about a light vote. Therefore each vote takes on two or three times the importance it carries in a general election. Should it rain tomorrow and the total vote be even smaller, the individual vote will mean that much more. The man and his wife who stay away from the polls tomorrow may very well be the negative factor which will mean further delays and additional elections in the future. If you're interested in adequate sewers for Blytheville, you can't afford not to go to the polls tomorrow. Your vote has seldom been so important. See to it that the "stay-at-homes" don't make possible a defeat for the sewer ordinance. Ike Acts Satisfied On Farm By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON (AP) — Watching President Eisenhower roam around his Gettysburg farm, you get the impression he might be somewhat more interested in retiring there than he is in a second White House term. It's nothing more than an impression and you could be dead wrong. The President himself never has given any public inkling as to whether he. will seek re-election in 1956. Several of his close asso- i be flying within the next year, ciates say they don't know, and | H igh priority is known 'to have Not in Effect Immediately Warren Reads Unanimous Decision By PAUL M. YOST WASHINGTON (AP) — The Supreme Court ruled unanimously today that segregation of Negro and White students in public schools is unconstitutional. But it said it will heal- further arguments this fall on how and when to end the practice. Thus many months — perhaps more time will elapse — before the historic ruling actually wipes out the separate schools now in existence in many states. Chief Justice Warren read the court's opinion which declared: "We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of separate but equal (sic> has no place. Separate educational facilities are' inherently unequal. Equal Protection Cited "Therefore, we hold that the plaintiffs < Negro parents) and other similarly situated for whom the action has been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived .of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the 14th Amendment. "This disposition makes unnecessary any discussion whether such segregation also violates the due process clause of the 14th Amend- mnt." The cases decided today—with the court's finding that segregation is unconstitutional—involved five states: South Carolina. Virginia, Kansas Delaware and the District of Columbia*. But lawyers said a ruling against segregation would affect a total of 17 states which have laws requiring separation of the races in schools, plus three other states having laws which permit—but do not require—segregation. The court was told the 17 states and the District of Columbia had 70 per cent of the nation's Negro population, or 10.522,495 Negroes out of a 15,042,692 total. States with permissive segregation had an additional one per cent. States whose laws require segregation were listed for the court as Alabama. Arkansas, Delaware. Florida, Georgia, Kentucky. Lou, is currently being processed through 3,500 children, were ordered closed j isiana. Maryland, Mississippi. Mis- WASHINGTON L4>l—A test model | the Bureau of the Budget and are i f 0r the day. All restaurants and jsouri. North Carolina, Oklahoma, of a faster-than-sound bomber may : expected to be available not later j f 00d stores were earmarked for i South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, for at least 2.000 voters to avoid i ville was deferred in March 1953, a defeat by default is a simple po- the design of several projects was litical axiom: The opponents of any issue or individual always flock to the polls. On the other hand, voters favor- Base Contracts Due To Be Let in Fall A report from Maj. Gen. Lee Washbourne, director of Air Installations, to Sen. John McCleilan says Corps of Engineers offices are in agreement that paving contracts at Blytheville Air Force Base "should be awarded in September." NewEnglandCity Engulfed by Flood As Dam Bursts Property Damage Estimated in Millions At Peabody, Mass. PEABODY, Mass. W) — This industrial city of 23.000 counted a All told, the report states, the* contracts for the base "will be phased to contract between September on desig. progress and clearance on construction funds." Here's the complete report as released by Senator McClellan's office: 1. Design Schedule—When Blythe- continued to completion. Other projects were dropped. When the base was reinstated for a different airplane in the FY These directives were issued by AFIR in Dalias on May 5> to | ing a certain issue or person have I 55 program, new design directives ! a tendency to stay away, appar- i were issued on a revised layout 1 ently lulled into a false sense of j plan. | security by thinking that the num- j I ber of, persons sharing their views i | is large enough to carry the dec- ; the Little R^ Engineer District.!: " 7"." " ""' .. , , i t10 ^ K u I Changes in runways and base loss of milllons toda - v as ]t cleared j When enough of them think this j mj^ion ma de the May 5 design debris and fought a health menace jway, the number of stay-a way vot-; directives materially different from j in the wake of a flash flood ,ers becomes so large that even a; those worked OR a year a go, and caused bv a dam burst : S mall-but voting-opposition group j for all practica i purposes the base' S6d ' St ' f~>r\rv^ OC- rtfr llTifn n TI r»t r* r»tr . ... Reds Given Ultimatum. By Frenck in Indochina. ' By LARRY ALLEN HANOI, Indochina (AP) — The French announced today they would resume bombing of I the Communist-led Vietminh's 70-mile "hospital corridor" unless the rebels agreed to repair I the Dien Bien Phu airstrip so evacuation of French Union wounded can be speeded up. * # * if- if- * Secret Talks Held At Geneva Meeting By EDDIE CILMORE GENEVA (AP) — The Geneva conference went into secret sessions on Indochina today with the Western powers en- snarled in a dispute with the Communists over evacuation of the wounded at Dien Bien Phu. The West maintains that the Communist-led Vietminh originally to removal of all French Union wounded from the captured garrison, including Vietnamese. But a broadcast of the Vietminh radio, heard in Saigon, said the Vietnamese wounded were not being evacuated. Letter to Be Produced Anthony Eden, Britain's foreign secretary, was reported planning to put before today's meeting a letter he received, as one of the co-chairman of the Indochina talks, from the Vietminh loreign minister, Pham Van Dong. Dong's letter, described by a British spokesman as "completely negative," was quoted as saying the evacuation question was "al- retidy being satisfactorily dealt with" by the field commanders of both sides in Indochina. The Western powers and the three Associated stales of Indochina—Viet Nam, Cambodia and Laos—had felt they had a firm promise from Ihe Communists that all seriously wounded prisoners would be permitted to leave without regard for nationality. Eight Attend Attending the secret session on Indochina were chief delegates of the Big Four nnd.Red China, Viet- Nam, Cambodia and Laos. Each was accompanied by three ad- the vlsers. the agreed limit on size of the delegations. Before the session, representatives of the Western Big Three and. the associated states met in a final strategy session. Eden nlso conferred privately for 45 minutes with French Foreign Minister Georges Bidnult. The plight of the Dien Bien Phu wounded was understood to hnve been one of the matters discussed. comes off with a victory. US Building Supersonic Bomber By ELTON C. FAY at Blytheville requires redesign by the Little Rock District. It "is estimated that the design Mayor _,_ c. O Donnell said the flood waters which raced into j the heart of caused what ** city last night may result in the , iT , . , ,. , . of the pavements and fueling faci- , , heaviest p rope rtv damage of an hues can .be completed by August^ | nonfata] disaster » in the citj , s 3^ The design of the remaining facilities, especially structures, will be phased to completion between Aug. 1 and 15 December 1954. 2. Funding: Schedule — Approximately $8 million of the FY 53 < problem. funding at Blytheville applies to the new mission. Apportionment of these funds year history. As digging out operations got underway. state and local health officials joined to combat the health The Schools Closed city's nine schools, with than June 1, 1954. they speculate that he probably hasn't made up his mind. been given the project by the Air Force, which has watched with [close inspections. City wide water Approximately S3 million of the } tests were scheduled. Police Virginia and West , Virginia. States with permissive segrega- $8 million authorized in P. L. 209 ! equipped with loud-speaking sys- [ tion were listed^ as New Mexico, for Blytheville applies to the new j terns cruised the streets warning They say the world situation and . evident concern Soviet progress in j mission. Clearance requests on this i residents to boil all water used for the political circumstances at the time undoubtedly will influence his decision. That and the fact he •would be just a. couple both bomber and fighter-intercep- j funding is presently under constru- | drinking or cooking. tor designs. j ction fay the House and Senate Ap- j The ~ hea]tn menace was }n _ mnnthc i Thls mterest sharpened with the j propnations Committees, and no icreased officials said> bv the mix . ; historic ruling, the court took the momns display two weeks ago of a new i prediction of the date on which it j ture Wyoming and Kansas. Prevented N^ws Leak In an apparent effort to preclude any advance leak of today's short of 70 years old at the end j heavy Russian bomber driven by ! will be approved by those commit- i jet engines of substantially greater ! tees is available, power than any now in operaitonal 3. Construction Schedule — The of a second term. But when you see him these days at his 189-acre farm on the historic Civil War battlefield at Gettysburg. Pa., you can't help but feel that is where he would like to be to stay, just as soon as possible. New Home The spacious new home the President and Mrs. Eisenhower are having built there has a lot to do with the impression you get. use by the U.S. Air Force . The Air Force announced in December 1952 that it had asked Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corp., builder of the B36 piston-jet-en- I District Engineer at Little Rock advises that he cannot furnish the Air Force a construction a,ward schedule much before May 31, 1954; however, the AFIR at Dallas agrees I detailed design studies for a "supersonic bomber." Since then, it was learned today, substantial progress has been They visited it over-the weekend j made toward production of a pro- and spent more than an hour totype B58 .jet bomber, proudly showing it off to the President's youngest brother, Dr. Milton gined heavy bomber, to prepare i with AFCIE staff in Hqs. USAF of chemicals from leather tanneries and other industrial plants with the flood waters. Hundreds of gallons of gasoline also flowed freely as some service station pumps toppled. The water surged downhill into the central businer.o area of Peabody Square after two one-ton that a paving contract at Blythe-i ? ranite blocks of a dam « ave The increasing speed of new fighter models, both Russian and American, i:; a factor in the urgent sylvania hills will be ready for oc- j push for development of a super- cupancy by fall. It will be the first i sonic bomber. The United States, S. Eisenhower, and his wife. The place in the rolling Penn- Speed is Factor increasing speed home of their own they have had since their marriage nearly 40 years ago. and quite probably Russia, already has bombers in production that fly at the speed of sound (761 miles "Let's go look at my joint," said an hour at sea level, decreasing the President enthusiastically as j as altitude increases up to a cer- he led his brother into the now See IKE on Page 14 — Inside Today's Courier Hews ... Dr. James C. Guard Wins Blytheville Country Club Spring Golf Tournament . . . Despite Brilliant Day at Bat, Williams' Shoulder Painful . . . Game and Fish News . . . Sports . . . Pages 8 and 9 ... Effect of Dien Bien Phu Los* Depends on French Attitude . , . Editorials Page 6 ... . Biggest Question Ui McCarthy Case: Did President Direct Army to Fight Back . . . Page 5 ... . . . Commodity and Stock Markets . . . Page 14 ... tain point.) If interceptors are up to sonic or supersonic speed, then bombers must be as fast or faster if they are to be expected to reach their targets. In addition to the matter of bomber - vs. - fighter capabilities, there is involved the American policy of deterrent power. If the United States continues to keep ahead of Russia in bomber quality and maintains supremacy in atomic weapons, Russia will continue to be discouraged from starting war. But if Russia takes the lead with faster and better bombers, which can elude U.S. interception, the deterrent factor is diminished or eliminated. The B58 probably will be a medium bomber. Equipped.for mid-air refueling, Us range could be the same as that of a long distance, heavy bomber. ville should be awarded in September, with the possibility that the POL contract can go to market at the same time. Depending on design progress and clearance on construction funds, the structures and utilities for Blytheville will be phased to contract between September and December 1954. 4. Program — The Air Force FY 55 program contains 44 projects for Blytheville totalling $2,717,000. Design directives on these projects are being added to those given the Little Rock District on May 5, 1954. However, it is not expected that actual construction of these projects can be started prior to January 1, 1955. 5. Responsibility for Construction —The Little Rock Engineer District will handle all the Air Force construction program for Blytheville, and all projects'will be awarded after competitive bidding in the usual manner. Germans Aid Koreans PUSAN (£)—The ill and destitute came 100 miles to ask for healing at the West German Red Cross hospital, which opened its doors in this refugee-filled town today. The hospital was contributed to South Korea by the «Vest German Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer. First elements arrived in Pusan in February. at a pond called The Flume about a mile away, "It looked like the Mississippi River flowing in," witnesses on rooftops said. Water up to six feet deep flooded scores of buildings, including 75 factories, all the city's main- stores, City Hall, police and fire headquarters and the historic 150- year - old South Congregational Church. Mayor O'Donnell said some 1.000 leather workers face an indefinite layoff because of dam- See FLOOD on Page 14 ' action — unprecedented in recent years—of withholding printed copies of the decision until it had been read in full from the bench. Ordinarily, pages distribute the printed opinions to reporters in the courtroom just before the justice who wrote the majority view begins to read. Thus several minutes went by today before it could be determined how the court had decided the cases. After reviewing a long line of decisions bearing on the "separate but equal" doctrine, Chief Justice Warren wrote': "We "come then to the question presented: Does segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other 'tangible' factors may be equal, deprive the children of the minority group of equal education opportu- See SEGREGATION on Page 14 M'Carthy Hits Secrecy Ordered by Executive WASHINGTON (AP) — A presidential order clamping secrecy on executive branch actions in the McCarthy-Army row brought a denunciation from Sen. McCarthy as a "cover up" today. He proposed suspending Senate hearings while the issue is threshed out. -4 Sen. Symington (D-Mo) objected to halting the hearings, even for the day. Th? Senate Investigations subcommittee fell into argument over what course it would take. In the upshot, the group recessed at 11:55 a.m. (EOT; to decide Drive Leaders Plan Meeting Industry Campaign Urgency to Be Cited behind closed doors their course in view of what McCarthy denounced as the "Iron Curtain" im- With an $18.000 cleanup in front j posed by the President. Public of them. Chamber of Commerce leaders will convene in City Hall to- sessions were scheduled to be renewed at 3 p.m. EOT. The President's order was laid before the subcommittee when it convened, and received a calm reception at, the time. But later. Sen. Jackson (D- The meeting is scheduled to get | Wash). McCleilan <D-Ark> and Symington fired a few critical volleys at it. Recess Taken McCarthy asked for a five- minute recess to confer with his night to map plans to put an end r.o a fund drive which evidently must pass the $150,000 mark sometime this week. started at 7:30 and final plans will be drafted for the cleanup phase of the drive which will pay for a building to house Central Metal A French high command broadcast to Communist Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap gave the rebel commander until midnight to accept the ultimatum. Otherwise, the French said, they would resume all-out air attacks on the rebels streaming eastward from the fallen fortress toward the vital Red River Delta. Only 11 of the French casualties were evacuated from Dien Bien Phu before the French suspended their airlift by helicopter and single-engine planes Saturday and pressed for repair of the airstrip. Little Hope Seen Little hope was held here Giap would agree to the new French demand. Instead, French sources believed he would speed up the floxv of troops and war material they say he is sending over the 70-mile stretch of highway to Son La. The French had stopped bombing the roac 1 so Vietminh wounded could be removed from Dien Bien Phu. But they charge the wounded were only a Communist pretext to get safe passage for their combat legions which overran the fortress. The French air force readied all its available fighters and bombers in north Indochina for new massive assaults on the eastward-moving rebels if the ultimatum is refused. The French high command fears the delta and Hanoi will be the target of the next big 1 Vietminh assault, perhaps in June. Month Needed The Vietminh had agreed to let 753 "seriously wounded" French Union troops be removed from Dien Bien Phu. The French said to handle that number in helicopters and small planes would take a month, and figured Giap in that period could bring all of his battle-tested forces into position for an attack on the delta. The highway to Son La is the main rebel route from Dien Bien Phu. East of Son La are several alternate routes to the delta. The French have kept up their air attacks on these roads. The French high command in its broadcast announced that it considered the recent agreement on evacuation of the wounded canceled, but that it would negotiate a new agreement on the basis of the Vietminh speedily repairing the airstrip. Two French army officers who flew to Dien Bien Phu yesterday reported that the Vietminh refused their proposal that gangs of soldiers or coolies be put to work filling in all the shell craters. Products, a Kansas City steel firm. At first ,it was estimated $150,000 would handle the building program on the Elm Street industrial site owned by the Chamber. However, with the cost of the land and certain permanent equipment which is to be put into the building, the total price has mounted to something beyond the original figure—possibly several thousand dollars more. At tonight's meeting, which 1 being called for all workers on the drive and Chamber Finance Committee members, the urgency of the situation will be underscored. Ben White a.nd Sons, Blytheville contractors, are ready to go to work on the building. The firm was low bidder on the structure. Jaycees Win Eighth State Award The Blytheville Junior Chamber of Commerce has won for the eighth consecutive year the H. Grady Manning award given by the Arkansas Junior Chamber of Commerce to the club which does the most to publicize the State of Arkansas. The award was presented the Blytheville club at the annual state convention held this week end in Camden. Basis for receiving the award was — as it has been in the past — the Jaycees' sponsorship of the annual National Cotton Picking Contest. The Blytheville Jaycees also won a first-place project award for agriculture and conservation. The Jayceettes organization, the woman's auxiliary of the J«y- cees here, was made an auxiliary member of the state group for being represented at the convention by a member of the Blytheville unit. Blytheville Jaycees attending the convention included Frank H a r s h m a n , president-elect, Charles Moore and Ted Bour- zikas. Mrs. Bourzikas represented the Jayceettes. CAMDEN, Ark. (Pi — Arkansas Junior Chamber of Commerce members have elected Mike Maloney of Fort Smith, president. And the president of the University of Arkansas was singled out as "tbe man who has done most for the state in the past year." The election and presentation of awards took place as the Jay- cees concluded their annual convention here Saturday. University president, John Tyler Caldwell, who was cited for his service to the state, received the award in absentia. He now is in Pakistan as educational advisor to that country's government. Other officers are: Jimmie Jones of Magnolia and Pete Gardner of Springdale. national directors: Mac Carder of Sheridan and William G. Johnson of Harrison, Norman Wilhite of Camden, Ken Alexander of Pine Bluff and Harry Lee of West Memphis, vice presidents. Harrison was chosen by the Jaycees as the site for next year's convention. aides. Roy M. Cohn and Francis P. Carr, about their course in the light of what he termed this "almost unbelievable situation." Returning, he told the subcommittee: "I must admit I'm at somewhat of a loss as to what to do at this moment." "For some fantastically strange reason." he said, "the Iron Curtain is pulled down" forbidding testimony concerning what was said or done at a meeting last January attended by Atty. Gen. Brownell, top White House Aide Sherman Adams, and others. McCarthy said: "The American people will not stand for a cover - up half way through these hearings." McCarthy described the Jan. 21 meeting as one at which the charges the Army has fired at him of "improper" pressures to get favored treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, • "were instigated and conceived." Ike Responsible? He said he didn't believe Eisenhower was really responsible for the order cutting off possible testimony from government officials about this meeting. "I don't think his judgment is that bad," McCarthy declared. He feels sure, McCarthy added, that Eisenhower would not have issued it "if he knew what it was all about." McCarthy said the questions raised by the White House directive "go far beyond" what was said and done at the Jan. 21 meeting. They deal not only with "this occupant of the White House" but whether future occupants "can by S«e MCCARTHY on Page 14 Five Leachville Youths Nabbed For Burglaries The arrest of five Leachville youths last night solved five burglaries in the past two months at Leachville and Manila, according to Deputy Sheriffs Floyd Burws of J each ville and Lee Baker of Manila. The youths have admitted breaking into Aaron Grocery at Leachville Saturday night and Keefer Service Station, Alexander's Cleaners, Edger Grocery at Leachville at previous times, along with Hester Store at Manila, the deputies sa id. Taken from Aaron Grocery Saturday night were cigarettes, candy, gum and some change, it was reported. Weather ARKANSAS—Considerable cloudiness, scattered showers and a few thundershowers tonight and Tuesday and in north this afternoon; no important temperature changes. MISSOURI— Partly cloudy tonight and Tuesday: cooler most of state tonight; low tonight 40s northeast to 50s southwest; high'Tues- day 70s. Maximum Saturday—80. Minimum Saturday—56. Maximum yesterday—88, Minimum this morning—65. Sunset today—6:57. Sunrise tomorrow—4:55. Mean temperature (midway t>ctW««H high and low—"5.5. Precipitation last 48 hour* to 7:0* a.m. today—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—20.11 This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—82. Minimum this morning—M. Precipitation January 1 to <U»»— 27.48. Go to the Polls in the Special Sewer Election Tomorrow-And Vote 'Yes' v *

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