t THE PPPERDES MOINES. ALGONA. IOWA. WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER4, 1891. LGONA, IOWA THE LATEST NEWS. GENERAL NOTES. THE TnotJiti.K wtrir an HA. The full details of the trouble wil.Ii Chili ftfo not yet nt linnd, nnd until they ftre it is unwise to record nny estimate of Ihfl probable consequences of tlio slrainotl relationship which exists. IJut the superficial fact* at band fire tho American heart and arouflo a spirit of belligerency. Tho murder of two of our Bailors a' Valparaiso cannot be regarded as short of a very feri- ous affair, Htatementfl from Minister ilgaii indicate that thoBO sailors were dragged out of a Chilian street cur and tlnughtcrcd in cold blood without tho (lightest provocation. Tiiey were Bluck full of knives and stilettos and bayonets fllmply because thc-y wero Bailors of tho United States arid (he United BlalcB hud recently poized a Chilian vesBcl that had broken all the laws governing tho actions df neutral poworH. ThiB maltreatment, it IB averted, was the work nol merely of a city mob, but of the VnlpnniiHo pulieo forc.1. IJnt tho original trouble, aB ovcry ono known, gocB far back of that. When tho onlbrcnk cumn between Iho foreeB of iJulmacctla an't those of tho parliamentary parly, BO-called, the latter deemed to expect tho nctiva Bym- pathy and co-opor,itlon of the United States, and to feel it a personal wrong and dolibomlo offense that wo did not choose to disregard Iho law of nations, and our own consistent praclico in Rticli CIISCB, by recognizing I ho insurgent purt.y. The hostility engendered toward this country by its poBitiori found frequent '.'xprOHHion during the conteBt, and ban been open and ttlmoBt defiant over since tho Chilian junta regained power after the dofuat and death of Ualtnaccda. However tho insurgents may have thought that Ibis coun'ry would aid them in accomplishing tho overthrow of tho dictator, Dalmaccda, they ought to have known that the international war code absolutely forbado interference oir our part. Wo could not but remain noutral under tho cireuniBtanceH, nnd it was i'n ex- hil)ition of gross UHHumption that they should nave supposed that wo would permit th'mi to make thin country a base of operations for tho purchase of munitions ot war and their shipment, lo tho ncono of trouble. Balnmccdii, was no doubt a tyrant and the congressional parly which opposed him tho representative of tho republican tho- ory. Naturally wo should have sustained tho latter, and of course would have done BO had it been possible without staining our honor. Our treatment of thj Hula was strictly in accordance with tho national honor; and W3 have, since the junta Vindicated its power over a. dangerous administration, evinced a spirit of cordiality to tho liberating party whijh must have proved its own t-incerily. 13ut tho Sp'-nish-Imliau combination in the 'Jhilian renders him a hot, impulsive and unforgiving character. Uo overlooks vccnnt exhibitions of triendliuecs and remembers only that one of liia vessels, no necessary to.bin oneo ik^ penile cause, was Boissed by that groat republic at the north from which succor rather Hum neutrality WHB expected. Kevcugo iw in tho soul no strong that tho appearance in hiH veiy metropolis of Homo nv.irincs from a war vessel of the disappointing neutral fires tho blood. Tho btilotlo docs Hie rest. Tho i'ouiplieation, if tho correct facts are at'enud, is an ugly ono. Tho murdered eiti/.ena wero not eitixeuo of Chili, nor even residents of that lepublic. They wuro in fact not only subjects of the United stales but agiiitc, ono miu'it aliuoM. nay, of.this country. An unprovolttd assault on them eivn bo only in lUigieo less seriou-i than would, bo one on tho Ameri can legation itsolf at Santiago, tho cnpi- tal. But the arrogant attitude of Iho Chilian Kovornment to tho United Slates is ospee- ially offensive. As far as our present information goes tho junta peremptorily refuses to assume responsibility for tho outrage or to guarantee, that others of alike nature-will not be tolerated. Its reply to tlio demands of this government is suiil to bo couched in "very strong language," — tho language pret-umubly of angry, exeiteil ami vongelnl hlalesmeii. It remains 'to be m-n what the United Stales goveinment will do. War would bo deploral ID (it alwujs it-) and every run- KOimblu concession is warranted to iivei I it, but tin) honor and dignity of a great mil inn appear to Ui at' s uke and they must of e. urns bo vin<lic;iird. An open vupturo wnuld not v-i llu'Vir.s imluii' df ibiims ln> a H'liou* matli r lor u- Chili, Ihuigh the most doupbt> nation ni South Ann Hen, has a pO| uliiiion ot Irs- than 8,000,000 _ against aw t-U (V0.( 00, wliile ils mt'terial resumvcs have lu-cu reduced to 1111 exei cdiiijjy low ehdbyilv recent civil war,—Mum-in;,' so I-|,IM l\ upon tin' titrugtflii \\iih IVju us to loi-liui only 11 inn-till ivcovery from tho iflYuts ot tbo latter. TUB bank elenrintrs of Chicago for the pnil week were 895,900,087. A VinatnrA boy gets drunk by inhaling s ho fumes of gasoline. TIIR amount of 4% W*t cent, bonds re• teemed Tuesday was 807,800. THE report that two Americans were i xcculed in Mexico was erroneous. ENDS FnrsnKB died at Ilarwititou, Ct., .'ged 100 years and 4 months. fc'otrrtr Cxnoi.rNA wns shaken by an i-arthquako'Tuesday. THM American ship Ilrcla, before reported lost, has arrivwl at Vancouver. KATIE COI/K, of Pottstown, Pa... dropped dead Sunday, a victim of tight lacing. SKCUETAIIY FOSTRII tins named the new 2.000 ton cruiser Boon to be launched tho Detroit. Tnio Uniled States has formally demanded that, Chili malco reparation tor tho in- suits offered to thia country. HUHIINICU, & MUSIINKM,, of St. Paul' liavo mado an assignment to 0. C. Cullen. Kr.t.roTT KINO, n leader in the greenback moveinent in Maine, was found dead in bed in his homo at Portland Wednesday morning. Tins director of tho New York Pasteur institute reports I hut but. ono hydrophobia patient httB died out of 255 treated at that institution. Tn K report that Stephen U. ElkinB of West Virginia, is to succeed Senator-elect Proctor in tho cabinet, i< gcncraly credited in Washington. WAI/P WHITMAN is completely para- Ijy.'Kl, and while ho may live for years, is in danger if dying at any moment. OAI-T. RiciiAiii) N. COMI.V, ono of tho proprietors of tho Dnyton (Otiio) Journal, died at Richmond, Ind., Sunday. MANDAMUS proceedings wero begun in Chicago, Monday, to compel tho election commissioners to allow women to vuto for hchool ofHuTB. Tun factory of tho American cash register company, at Philadelphia, has been closed by tho sheriff on two judgments ngKregaling 870,000. T.n ic petition to the czar of Russia regarding tho treatment of Siberian exiles hue been signed by a million citizens of Massachusetts, Un. VON HorxKBKN, at present German minister to Japan, will succeed tho Into Count Arco-Vulloy as minister lo tho United Stales. J. A. CiiAi'niCAU, tho Canadian secretary of state resigns and heads a political work revolt which may destroy the confederation. Tins amount of bullion withdrawn from tho J5.ink of England o_n balance Tuesday was £250,000, and is for shipment to America. Tim will of tho late. Samiiol T. Tilden is declared void by tbn New York court of aopoals, and $8,000,000 will now bo divided among tho hoirs, Mrs. William B. 1-Iuz- zard, a neico, getting one-half. OUITUAHY: At Logansport, Ind., ex- Mayor Siuuuul Jacobs, ugdd seventy; at liucino, Win,, Dr. William II. Loc*wood, aitcil tv.M<niy-nin(>; at Harvard, 111., W. T. Hamilton, aged torty-threo. Miis. SKAHMCS' will, giving her husband nil of her estate, wao admitted to probate Saturday at. Salem, Mass. Timothy Hopkins, -vho w contesting tin will, took an appeal . < MUCH excitement was caused in tho pension building Monday luorning by a fire ill tho biisoment a-nong waste paper. It was extinguished, however, before any damage was done. Tun Henry G. Allen company, dealers in subscription books, New iork, is asking (xti'iision of timo of its obligations, which are about $11)0.000. Tho lipiiiinnl ansitsaio inori}. Kxtensions t'ov settie- meniH in four, .eight ivnd twelve months will be made. Tins court of claims mot .Monday after !bo rjgubir summer vacation. Chief Justice ItichimUoii and Justices Nott, VVrhlen and Davis wero in attendance. Owing to a largo amount of work before this body it is believed tho president will noon appoint a buccessor to tho lato Judge the home of Rothschild' will be ptrmitte'd in Russia. Arr earthquake is Baicl to hnro destroyed many HVCH and an immense amount of property, in a remote part of Japan. Cniu refuses to acwpt rfsponsibility for the recent afpnultuponAmerican eailorc and dec'Bivo action by the United States is anticipated. TIIBRK was long nnd severe fighting between the two Irish factions in the fltrecte of Cor r Wednesday nigbt. Each side was several thousand strong, and the casualties are numerous* Tho anti-Purnellites were finally victorious. • • . AT Limotix, France, the floods undermined several buildings, which subsequently collapsed. Twenty inmates were killed and nine other persons are buried in the debris. THEIIB was a serious riotous fight Sunday in Ban Michele, Italy, between socialists and working men. Two men were killed and eight were seriously injured. In addition, a number of combatants on both sides worn slightly hurt. FIRES AND CASUALTIES. THE steam bargn Sovereign foundered on Lake Superior. A. i<7,Y wheel exploded at Kimberly'n rolling mill in Greenville, Pa., Tucsdaj, injuring five men. CHAIIMCS FIIOUKL, a Maseoutah, III., farmer, was kiskcd to death -Wednesday by a, vicious horse. , SBVKIIAL parsons are reported to have been killed bv a collision on the Kansas City railway at Taopi, Minn.. • EASTEHN atates are experiencing deadly cold wealhcr. A death from freezing i's reported from Keystone, N. J. EXTKNEI vis fires ar.i raa ing near Guthrie, 0. T. (Jimarron City has been entirely wiped out by the flames. A COMJBION on the "Soo"roadat Glenwood, Minn., Wednesday morning killed five persons and injured seven others. ( AT Cumberland, Pa,., Tuesday an explosion of dynamite in a mine fatally injured Jacob Hammersmith and A. J. Taylor and seriously injured three others. A invK-YEAii-OLD daughter of Mrs. S. J. Skates, of Winterset, Iowa, was choked o dqatb while attempting to swallow some raw beans. AN Erie passenger train ran into a freight at Avon, N. Y., Saturday mnrning. 1'ireman Lemuel Robinson, of Elinira, lost his left leg, and Baggageman P. Bmdloy received n, severe wound in the groin, Tins explosion of naturil gas in a building in Allcghetaey, Pa., Tuesday morning, injured five persons, one of them fatally. Finn Wednesday afternoon destroyed tho building at 50 Fulton street, New York. It is thought several persons perished.' • The building was occupied by a number of firms. THIS buildings of tbo Minneapolis rolling mills at New Brighton, north' of the city, burned Thursday morning. The pmnt, which was only recently built, cost 850,000, bu^thd most valuable parts ot it — the furnaces and heavy aiaehinory— are uninjured. The loss is about ?12,000; fully insured, ' _ONic of the. Louisville (Ky.) Electric Light company's boilers exploded Tuesday night and started a fire which destroyed property valued at 8400.000. Among the losers arc Kaufman, Sirnu-G & Co., J.' V. Eaeott £c Sons and Bamburger, Bloom & Co. ITRIAL OF MORTARS. Some Important Ordnance Tests are Witnessed by Officials at Sandy Hook* Shots Showing- How the Piece Would be Aimed at an Ene ; niy's Ship. Forts aud Great Gun Emplacements in a Forward State of Construction, Iheclocks were just striking nine in the forenoon of Oct. 10, when Secretary Prou- tor, accompanied by General D. W. CRIME. AN important capture of "green goods" swindlers was made in New York city. GAUDENEII \VAITKJ of Horton, Mich., committed suicide by hanging Saturday, at tho age of 90 yoars. S'roniCKKKi'iiii CKLLA was indicted by thnCook county (111.) grand jury Monday morning and placed under 83,000 bonds. DKTKCTIVB THOMAS, of the Chicago police force, who is charged with sol icituig n.hief of ordnance, and Captain Frank Heath and Lieutenant F. E. llobbs, of the Ordnance coips, embarked on board the steamer General Wool, ut pier 3 Eiist river, and went to Sandy Hook to witness the firing ot tho new 12 inch mortar and to inspect the engineering work there in progress for the emplacement of heavy guns for the defence of Now YorV. Arriving at Sandy Hotk shortly before eleven o'clock the party was met by Captain C. S. Smith and Lieutenants C. U. Wheeler and G. M. Lissak, of the Ordnance corps, and Lieutenant Harry Taylor, of the Engineer corps. . The secretary wished to hasten the experimental wrrk and therefore went at work atonco'to tho filing battery on the sen, front. Here was an array ot guns ot diverse sizjs and types, from one of the sHiallestot which— a 3.6 inch breechload- ihgfiolclpiece — a salute of seventeen guns was fired. THE dUNS THAT WEIIE USED. , Pointing down the coast line was a 12 inch cast iron, steel hooped mortar on a hydraulic carriage. ' Adj jintng ih was the new 12-inch steel high powered rifl -d gun thirty-four feet long. Then camo a 10-iiioh steel high powered gun, nearly tweuty-niue teet long. These thruo were the only guns ased. , , Tho 12-inch mortar was loaded and r-ln- viited at an angle of sixty degrees from the horizontal. The first shot was intended lo show the secretary bow the piece would be aimed at an enemy's ship, if one shjuld approach within two miles of the mortar. This is the shortest distance at which the mortar can bo used i-ffociively. The mortar's maximum effective range is six uules, and therefore its use is confined to distances between two and six miles. Of e.ourse it could be fired point blank, as il it; wero an ordinary rifled gun; hut the velocity of its projectile in that case would not be high enough to penetrate'ordinary side armor. The inort ir's proper duty is to bring its pVcjectiles down nearly vertically on 'the decks of ships, which are rurely protecled by more than three or four inches of armor. • . A SKY FLYING SHOT. About eleven o'clock the mortar where the shot struck the water was seen mftrted by a pillar of foam rising three feet, and then farther down and farther oni Ihericochf-t of the ball e/mld be Been, similarly marked every lime-it struck by a puff of foam, diminishing in size, until it ended its cireer in one lone spurt on tte surface. _N(xfa shot was fired from a 10-inch high powered gon, using 80 pounds of German Bmokeless powder and a cast iron .«hot weighing 6'28 pounds. This was a test of thu powder, which resulted very pati-fiictorily. The charge of ordinary brown powder for this gun would be 255 pounds; wh'ch 'would give an initial ve» locity of 1.935 feet a second and a chamber pressure of , about 85,000 pounds to the square inch. THE 10-INCH DOES GOOD WOIID. The gun wis laid slightly depressed, so as to cut the electric wires of a chirono- graph screen, and the shot therefore struck onlv a few hundred yards away in the shallow water of the beach. There was a .considerable quantity of smoke following tbe discharge, but it was of light brown color and was dissipated so quickly as to obscure the view hardly at all.. The Pliot, having been interfered with so soon after leaving the muzzle, wabblei in_ the remainder of its flight, and for mile or moro before it shuck again it made a nose just like a train o: car*. The velocity spctired by this powder was found to be 1,960 feet a second, while the pressure in the chamber was only 84.60C pounds, Thus higher velocity and lower pressure were obtained with eighty pounds of the German smokeless than with 205 pounds of the,ordinary powder. SMASHING THE TI1UEF.-INCII PI.ATK. Tiie mortar was now trained on the three inch steel plate to the right of the four and and a half inch plate. The upper left hand corner was Jh0 spot selected for the hit, and tbe same kind of shot arid amount of powder as before were used. After the mortar wns fired there was'a U shaped hole seen in the upper right, hand half of the plate, and a great'break extended to the bottom, leaving tho phito in two pieces. The shot went bounding down into the woods, being deflected over the sand hills just behind tho plate.- When it was recovered it was found that its aristocratic, fine pointed, conical nose had been snubbed clear over rn one Bide, so that there i J OttXUGUE«>E BEGGAKS. Alwn.TB Reftdy to Chang-,-. YonF Money Keep a Tri fle for Themselves. At Braga, a few miles from Oporto, is temple, dedicated, I believe, to the sun and Jeadinpr up to its principal entranca there are 365 steps, says a letter from Portugal,. A teach end of a step there-is generally a beorgar. Every beggar prides him or herself on some horrible deformity, which is exposed so as to present its most hideous aspect to the view of the unfortunate pilgrims to the temple. Having heard beforehand of this ghastly spectacle, I determined not to go beyond the human malformations which creep about the city of Oporto. They are absolutely a recognized institution, and might almost be said to occupy the posi* tion of money-changers to tbe general public. Their method of begging is pecu- lai. When they espy' you approaching :hey begin a long prayer in a vigorous sing-song voice. They start in somethingr ike this style: "It is in your excellent lonors power to be thankful for your OWIL •iches and mindful of the wants of others. Dogs shall lick your ban i. The rain shall jedew your doorstep every morning. Assist themaiued, the deformed, the stricl WQP __ _ fired with a charge of thirty. six poundn of powder and a oust iron shot weighing G3'J pound". A great burst of flame anil smoke shot about fifty feet or more from Tun bureau of American republics is informed that tho governor general of Dutch Guinea has appointed 'a commission to look after tho representation of ihat colony at the world's fair, with M. Sohmimi'liH'iinii'k UK eh-iirman. Tho commission inclgdi.'s throo ladies, who will liavo special charge of woman's work and a;!, in conjunction with tbo board of lady malingers uf Chicago. ' and accepting bribes, tho force. has resigned from FOREIGN. AccoiiniNi) to a mcnt decision of the Minnesota ttuto supremo court., a n.er chant, felling goods to a married woman, can hold the husband responsible only by proof that bo aulhumed the piuelmi-e or refuted to provide 1 ni'eosary tilings fir hii. wife's ni.purt. <Jio emit, lunvcvu-, defined as "m «Ksary" in tides, not only food and raiment, but "sui-h oiir.mients .suitable lo iraiuti'.in t'.e wife : enm the state ami jank of tl e Inubiu d. cibior. BO favorable to fair "vuim to greatly popuhirisw our northern lor. Tuuau wero thirty cases of cholera at aui.iM'iiii and ten deaths from tho disease i tlui 10 h uf Out. NiNi'.TiciiN lives wero lost by a collision <if two linlish vessels in iho Kngli&h channel. THK Chin j so government pays the mis- Moiianept the full value of tnoir property destroyitd in tlie ricent riots, Tin! rrew of tho steam whaler Gnimpus abided native women on thu coi\stof Alas lea. As a result, tho husbands and frieiuts of thu women niatwu'.rcd tho crew. TiniiTY milivi'S iu Tunis were buried Wi'iiui-Mliiy mulw tho iiiins of a wall, which Ml iicddrnly through being under- niiinil by lu'iivy ruins, Sis-eml of tlie ilend havo alie.uly been removed. A.s u lesiilt of two weeks' nearly con- linimus IMPI iu;uiy lit (ho rivers ot Kng- liiinl nro tint of ilu-ir banks. us im liiiu- to A ile- ought TIIK fi-rii's are highly elated over the uaiiu-i out, tjuunvls and dissensions which ii.ivi- iiri.siMi ii. ihi' Irish party. Tun li'iiidon Standard's St.'-Pi.tarsburK (•..iivj-pomlm t says there are--,-20,000,000 Uiisifiuus "v it lum i food. : ,, HIOTS attended thu elections in, the. ,Ar- u'i'Mim) Ri-public ami maty rioters were hilled by tile police. LliaiTRNAlNT fOUlNKl, lll)Wi.KTT a ItniUli i tliuT who loiiuht at Uiv butUo of Waterloo, tlied Wednesday. Tun celebrated lm|.iiiug tower of Sara,- g-ii-sa. Snain, was so undermined bo the mi-lit HuoiU in that country that it is fivrcil it will full. • .,,."., AN Am'.'i'ic.m vessel was wrecked on iiiv KLind in UIH I'.iribiiriin sea, a mirage- having i-iiii.M-il thu inland to appear us ti.ouyli twrnty miles u\vay. THK ijovtniiueiir. bus given notice to buiitiers ,Umt no dealing with or through' i HANK,"..a gambler of Chadron, Meb.j Irigliteued a'young Indian girl to death. FIVE men wero killed at a'farmers''al- liance meeting at Busksport, Ark., -Tuesday evening'. "Loiiu" Walter S. Beresford, alias Sidney Bitcellies, has been sentenced to tbo Georgia penitentiary for forgery. AT Warrior, Ala., Hflnry Lowe was shot and instantly killed by Anna Allen, a yoiing woman whom ho was attempting to ravish. ' BUHGI.AKS entered Hie office of l)r Slomiuski at OUumwa, Iowa, Tuesday night. They found a student, L. A. Stevens, sleeping in the office and suffocated him with gas. AT St. Louis, Mo., Josooh Farley, who brutally murdered Mrs. Kircher Sunday night, has surrendered to tbe police. ^ RAUMI CUNNINGHAM a son of Secretary Foster's business partner at Fostoria, 0., atlompted suicid'i by throwing himself into a furnace. He will die. IDA SHENK, C. P. Watson and William Demurs, tried in Sr. Paul on the charge of abducting little Grace Elks, were acquit ted, THK young Texas negro who murdered bis employer's wife and child, was chained to a tree and burned nlivo by a mixed assemblage of whites and blacks. A MOH tore down tho American ll.ig raised over u school near Lii^ada, hid. Tiio Echoi'l ma'am bus procured another one and also a ritlo. It won't be safe for the mob to repjut tbo outiape. DAISY LKK, a beautiful seventeen-year- old >rir|, committed suicide- at St. Alary*, W. Va.,.Sunday, because she bad been n- provi-d by. her father lor accepting the attentions of a young in in. Two American cite/.eus \\ere shot in Mexico for lavolutioimta, and the American consul at Maliimonis is going to seo about it. GKOKGU. LYON, wimted for forgery whilo employed by tlie Well Fargo express company at Sacramento, has been lup'sted at Charlotta, Mich, KAIU.Y Saturday morning officer Kier- maii tound thu bodies of two infants, apparently noru alive, in a refuse box in the rear of'2l'8 South llalsted strent, Chicago. S. K UAi.mutSTAirr, general manager of tbe New York lilo insurunco company ot'Nrw Mexico, who has been accused b.v the New York Times of omlw zzlement of $17,pOO bus ii-taimd Robert G. lugersoll iu u libel case against chat paper. AT Chicago, Kdwin K. Marshall of the Uuii'ivl Suites inivy, shot hiuiself dead at u hotel \Vi dnesduy tnoruiiii; as the resist of trim ,le b:-tween iiiuisolf ami bis young and beautiful wife. Man-hail uud wife were married at Denver last Fobrmtiy, but Lud uot lived togetUer buppilj. the muzzle, and out of this cloud a little blajk object was seen soaring up at an angle of sixly 'degrees. The shot rose more than a mile and then was lost to sight owng to its proximity to the sun. It finally curved downwnrd aud struck iu the woods two miles below. This shot warmed up the mortar and showed the style of high angle fire. The mortar was then lowered level and reloaded with tho same chartro of brown powder and a 630 pound steel shot made by the Midvale company. Lieutenant Lissak then aimed the pieci« at tho lower let'c hand corner of the 4%,-inch steel plate which was penetrated in its upper right hand corner last month. As there was danger of flying fragments all the spectators retired behind the bombproof. TUB WISE OAlUllSON DOO. Even the garrison dog was wise enough to go below tho earthworks. Lieutenant Lissak gave the order to fire, but no re port following. Whilo Urn secretary and bis party were watching tho face of the target in a large mirror an excited dug bounded out of the underground el-amber where the firing battery was located, and presently he was followed by the sergeant who had pressed the electrio button. The primer bad failed to explode nnd in some occult way the dog knew it. lie bounded out under .the muzzle, of thu mortar, wasted his tail in a confident manner and wait ed for the sergeant lo put in a fresh primer. Then ho scuttled back behind boombproot' and peeped at the target over the mound of sand. EFFECT OK' THIS SHOT ON THE PLATE. The plate which was inclined backward at an angle of thirty dcirre.es from the vertical, was pierced and broken up. Por| tions of the shot could bo seen ploughing their way in the sandy woods for five hundred yards beyond. The target was cup- posed to represent the protective deck of a warship and the angle and velocity at which the projectile struck ic were the same that, they would liav.ebeen at a range of two miles, with an elevation of sixfj degrees. The velocity iriveh was theoretically estimated to be 730 feet a second and the. velocity as actually determined was 726 feet. Tho plate was so 'wrecked in addition to the damage done lust month that little ot it was left in plae.e except the lower right hand corner. Two of the heavy oak struts which supported thbsteel plate wore split neaily their whole length, and great clunks of the metal were scattered many yards in the rear. The shot was broken into a groat many pieces, only one of which was fouiid. As hardly any of this plate was left in place, and as the projectile went, through, although broken up, the conclusion was reached that a mortar shell would penetrate deep into the vitals of a ship. The fact that in tnis case tho projectile broke up is no proof that such a result is u neccf-sity. Armor piercing shells are so expensive that the ordnance department is experimenting to discover the cheapest shell that cau tie depended on lo do the work of penetrating a ship's protective dei-k. The broken i-hell, therefore, does not represent the Lest shell we cau make, but merely the bett ono that can be made for a given price. T11K 12 INCH 1UOII I'fnVEHED OUN FJHED. The best preat 12-inch, gun was next loaded with 850 pounds ot Chihvorth powder ami a cast iron 1.000 pound shot. It was given uu elevation ot sixty decrees and ut noon was lirec! down tho eous-i. Tho tremendous rush of white smoki. eut off the view for u morni-nt, but thtu tbij BLO' was a slight bulge outside the former lines of tliR cone. It was now one o'clock, and after luncheon at the officers', mess hall thi secretary aud his party visited the works being built by the engineer corps for placing two 12- inch guns and sixteen 12 inch mortars. For stragdtic reasons it is not desirable to yiva any facts concerning the location of thoie batteries. THE.ENGINEER COIU>'s WORK. Lieutenant Taylor, who is in charge of these works brought a small locomotive and three flit cars to a point on the railway track near the mess hall, and the parly was given a ride on a railway that never issued a bond or poured a drop of water into its stock. It was rough in its construction and very primitive in its equipment, but it carried the passengers with all the safety that could be asked and as^much speed as was good for them. The worlc on the emplacement for two 12-inch guns is in a forward condition, it i» composed, of concrete, mixed with large bouldeis, or rather fragments of limestone blasted out of the Harlem chanml. Progress is made at the rate ot 100 cubic yards of concrete a day, and about 8.000 cubic yards have been laid this summer. Although tho work for the two guns is about '250 feet long by 180 deep, it will present a very small elevation from the sea aud if underbrush can be induced to grow it will be wholly hidden. . EXPENSIVE PROTECTION. The cost will ba in the neighborhood of $250,000 for each gun, including the lift by winch the pun will be lowered ouc of sight while loading, but not including the cost of the gun itself and its carriage. There will be another emplacement similar to this one for two other 12 inch gunf. The Continental iron works, which have contracted to iranu'.acture the lifts, have notified the department that they are ready t j send ten men ,to begin work. The site of the mortar batteries was also the scene of rapid and effective work. Sixteen of these guns are placed in close proximity to each other, and they oan all be .limed and fired at once by one person. The wonderful accuracy nf mortarc makes a group of sixteen as effective against a ship as a shotumi at a prairie chicken. On leaving the railway Secretary Proctor thanked Lieutenant Taylor'fbr his railway trip, and hinted that though the road hadn't parlor cars and vestibulecl sicepers, still it would serve. THIS DOO AGAIN SHOWS HIS WISDOM. A. return was then made to the experimental batterv, as it was intended to fire another shot from the mortar at the three inch plate, When the yun was ready it was di.-covered that tho dog had uot retired to cover. As this .was a sure sign that all was not. in readiness mother loolt around was taken, and it wa-, found that a schooner was ut Hiding in such a direction that the pnjeclilo, if deflected somewhat to one side, nu»ht hit her. It is not certain that the clog saw the schooner rirst, but his notions 'wi-re such as to (jive him credit f >r stricken in jvery _liinb. I can imagine 200, 300, or 500 reis at your excellent honor's pleasure." Then follows a curse or blessing, according 1 to the manner in which you have responded to their supplications. You may give one of these creatures aU most any piece of money, and he will return you that sutn in small change minus about half a farthing with complete satisfaction. Indeed, ho will think lie has done a good morning's work. Whenever I went out I'm ade it a rule to place in a few coppers in a certain pocket to present to these objects of distrust and ward off as../ many maledictions as possible. One day. A I plunged my hand/into the wrong pocket, "Ji and, without examining the piece, gave ib to a_trunk possessing only a le.ft arm and an imcompleto cranium. The fragment set up an uproar and a crowd collected. I was summoned back, ai,d, with wild gesticulations.'was presented with a 200 reis piece. I thought it was too late then, so I bowed-mid shook my head. The trunk showed blessings (assisted by the crowd), and I heard that no more was seen of him for ten days. There was one gentleman whose body, bead, and arms were all right, but he was minus hiu Jegs, and he had ingeniously supplied his deficiency with a pair of cab- wheels. On his hands wero fixed some sort of claps, and he used to canter around, ladies being his especial prey. He would aide in an obscure alley—and as Oporto is nearly all dark alleys he has many lairs —until he marked somb unconscious victim, then off he won.ld go, and if the ady_took refuge in a shop he would wait outside. I hear that this bogy man lias since died, leaving lots of money. In Bra^a children are bandaged in all •iorts of postures and subjected to great orture to enable them to live at ease when hey grow up. Such, among ' many, is a nan with, a 14-stone body, who daily )lesses his parents for providing him with ens which would have'caused Barnurn's 'skeleton dude" to cry with envy. Bufc. were I to describe the horrors so prepared he paper on which I write would curl up- and revolt. ABOUT TUB MOO3-T. Some Facts Concerning the DIoon are Pro- Bunted liy Pi of. O. A. Young. ; Prof. C. A. Young gave an interesting lecture on the moon at Cooper • Union, New Yoik City, recently: The moon, in the first place, has nothing whatever to do, the lecturer said, jvith the changes in our weather. He has, known soun farmers in the west who would never plant a "root crop" except on the wane of the moon, while a grown-up crop like wheat or other grain, he would always insist on planting when the moon was waxing. These notions, as well as those held by some sea captains, that the wind would blow for a week from the quarter in which .the change ol the moon ' took p ace, where, he declared., without the slightest foundation.' The moon was an insignificant body in Herself. It was for her proximity to tbe earth that gave her astronomical importance. At the same time her position wau unique among satellites. 'She was by far the largest in proportion to her planet of twenty or more satellites to bhe solar system, being one-eightieth tho weight of tho earth, waile no o her satellite, exceeded one one-thousandth, of tne weight of its • it. '.The men don't exactly say they the dog has a devil, but one'old corporal intiina'.id that the beast knew much morn than was right that an honest dog should know. As the schooner held her course Captain Heath, who has charge of thu proving grounds, would not risk a hbot that might imperil life or property. Secretary Proctor and General Flagler were of the tamo mind, ami the charge was then f ore withdrawn On the run back to New York the Gt-.ii- eniMVool was jiut clearof Cistle William, on Governor's Island, when the ninset gnu was fired and the colors lowered. Asiha national fl.iw started down from the tluj- stuff truck Secretary Proctor alone, or all on board, paid the colors the ivvi-rence of uncovering, which he did puntiliously, like a gentleman of tlie old school. The secretary during his visit to the proving grounds paid careful attention lo all the details of tho tiring and investigated everything of interest coming before him—nut with the curiosity of an inexperienced civilian, but with the knowledge of onp who hud set i-qua-droiis iu the field and freed nnd fired't-uus in deadly earnest,—N. Y. Herald. In the peculiar motion taken by the. moon there Were certain elements whicb the professor said, the law of gravitation might not fully account for. Astronomy would one day reach the limit of accurate provision and would reach the field where tuch element of uncertainty would creep m as the effect of the human will. .Speaking with exactitude, for instance, a man could build a tall building on tho surface ot the earth without lengthening the day by the change in the position of matter iu- - \olved, Such changes as this whea ac- ects that would make, the astronomical problem a very difficult one-in tact, an incomputable one—some day. iho heat that the moon sends had been twn'nf'Yh' » e 8ttl <|. and found to be 1-600,- uuu ot that sent by tbe sun, while the- light was 1 600,000 of the sun. the "earth *!,'!"f.',r, 1 ln. t ' c ° l ' ul observ / it'from the- moon, was fourteen times ' saw from the .. - . * --..•"* .* .:wticn;u that was about* :=« ;=,,>'-„."£• s,&«» from the rnoom to us visible that part he moon, said tha professor, had no at° SIJ ' !UK ' ° f ' lts sarfa;:a •» " of circular vol- but . started directions by [he slides" came, craters of peculiar , rent by niy,tp,-i mi! , .ti-sures whiA liki'"thp M 8t : -/. lt ' lr0f Tych 'M n al1 •-'-."we Hslu'wK'wre^aiwut'haff iTuX'in' width nnd r-xlondedinio the body of the uioon nobody know how far. They cut lhrou«h waters and mountain chains iu . Jion was attributed them to of the moon were ness. It is said that tho phonograph has been employed to register the conversation coming over the telephone wire, ao as to keen .1 record ot" i he day's budues-'. A'strong wind prevents'the formation of dew, by keeping the air well mixed, ana leaving-no part of :'t in contact with the ground long enough lo become cool and deposit moisture. 1 present day.
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