The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on October 21, 1891 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 21, 1891
Page 6
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THJUJPPEB DES MOINES4 ALGONA 4 IOWA, WM>ME1>AY % OCTOBER 21, FAEM AND HOME. BftJIM NOW TO USE BUSINESS METHODS ON THE FARM. Only TPV»y «» JPattart Mane, B!« Snrn ffc P»f < — Or«* r* (7nprnfitnl>I«t_ -.flM unit Honnn- holrl MlrtM. 'I* on tl«« Farm. With all the exhortations to farmers to make greater use of business methods on the farm, we see very faw Of them explaining how such methods •hould be applied, or wherein they Would be specially valuable. G-oner- tJizing- is not tho best way to make truths plain. To come down to the foot of tho matter at once, let me ask the readers how he is to know whether fcia hoga, bin poultry or his cows pay him a profit, if ho feeds each class of these animals from the game grain bins? Tho cows may bo making a profit on their feed, a,nd thus concealing a deficit that comes from unnrofit- | able hogs and hena. Or, the oowa and j hens may bo concealing tho fact that j the hogs aro running in debt to the I farm. It is the samo with other kinds j Of stock, when all aro fed from a; common quantity of food stuff* Occasionally it ia oven worse than tho case mentioned, the cown, hons, and hoga Mlfifht each and all return lens than the cost of their keep, and still tho truth bo undiscovered, provided some other branch of farm operations brought in sufficient revenue to make tip the deficiency. How can it, bo l.old, whethir a certain crop of corn, oata, wheat or potatoes, has boon a profitable one to, if no account i.s kept of tho cost of preparing tho ground, dressing, curing for, and harvesting the crop. ••••-.' It fa The American agriculturist practically Raya no. This is how it arrives at this ronciiwion: "One foot In depth of a fairly goon} agricultural soil contains 4,000 pounds of phosphoric acid, 8,000 pounds of potash, IB,000 pounds of nitrogen a.nd lime, magnesia, soda, chlorine, sulphur and si lien, to afford food for all the crops which these three 1 elements can feed per acre. After farmers, by careful and skillful cultivation, have exhausted all this great store of plant feed in the uppermost foot of this soil, which will require several centuries, will the soil he exhausted? Not at'all. J\H iana is grAauaiiy cnanged into vegetable growth and the surface ia removed' as farm eropa, as it gradually deepens, th6 subsoil which con- tnins the very an me elements becomes fitted for plant fond. And thus the imperishable nature of matter applies to the soil, which can never be exhausted during all the ages which are to come. All thnt mankind has to do i.-i to use its arts, under the instruction of science, to develop this latent ffTl.ility of the soil, and to go on feeding the human raco until the end, if an end ever shall oome, when the eai th will no longer exist as a fit habitation for mankind." ON A SHARICS BACK. BiAH ^VfiO oCttUnll JU4THI0 A.JDOTT& A fioo I Miilnh. A western paper describes the way i in which a crop of buckwheat is used | as a mulch, which appears to answer j well whore land in cheap, and possibly j in other places. An orchard of quite i young trcios for timber was set, on clean, weil-prepnrcd and well pulverized land, and the ground was then sown quite thick with buckwheat This grew, and wan left uncut and protected the ground an a'mulch through . day of January of each year, or upon tho first day of one of the spring months, if ono chooses, a largo blank book should bo procifred, and every time a sack of bran or oats is put into the poultry house, its cost should be Oharsredto tho account of the poultry. If ground meal, bone or any Other ar-. tlcle of food is purchased for the hens, let tho cost be charged to thorn, and' whenever egg* or market poultry ara •old, lot tho proper credit bo given, together with a credit for tho eggs and poultry used on tho table. If the bens have eatf.ri a certain number of bushels of vegetables, -their value •hould bu charged to the poultry account. At the end o.' the year it will Be pretty plain how the fowls have paid. The dairy will have charged to it the feed that has been placed In the Btablo bins, together with the value of tho hay, ensilage and roots eaten; and credit will bo given to the samo, for the butter sold and eaton, tho rnilk Bold or used, and tho estimated value- Of the skirn rnilk fed out. The dairy should also bo credited for the value of calves, when weaned, and for the manure that is made. It is not necessary to go farther into details, to show that this is tho only way by which wo can toll whether the work is profitable or not. This is the only way, if it is not profitable, by which ono ca,n toll what handicapping all the ro.Ht, ft needs no groat knowledge of bookkeeping, to classify those important fact.*. Any- Ono with good common sense can make such debit and credit entries, undor t.ho heading of each branch of his farm us be can himself readily understand, when ho cornel to reckon up l.lio cost and the value of articles until and. on liawl. Tho groat point is to lir.ijiii, keeping .such accounts, and tho sooner one begins, tho bolter. —Practical Farmer. j j other crop was allowed to grow, and I was lefiron tho ground aa before.- Tho buckwheat mulch smothered the Weeds, and reduced the labor of cultivation. The superiority 'of buckwheat for this purpose deservoM notice, tho straw being leas libroua than many other kinds of straw, and rotting down more readily, while according to analysis, it contains more phosphoric a.cid and j potash, an advantage which is'not always known or borne in mind when u.sed as an enriching crop. ! She«p Pointers, Professor. . Penherthy, of England, e!ftfm« there, are six forms ot foot-rot In sheep, and eac.h, in a, measure, requires special treattttfint. Many have the mistaken" notion that after shearing wool increases In weight. The oppoMte'Accnr.*. The more grease It contains' the more It ahrinlcs. Strike for twins. Ewes which have good, sound .adders, aro docile and good mothers, rind have produced twins, are the ewes to retain for breeders. Merinos do not hear so many lambs as the coarser breeds, but they live and serve longer to compensate. Pampering tlie coarser breeds has probably impaired their constitutions. ', Merino sheep do not contract scab one time in five us often as the coarse wools; In fact scab is a very rare thing in otherwise healthy Merino flocks. Their grease Js antagonisti': to the scab parasites. Usually "show sheep" are not worth is • mlu ' h for fin y tllln ff' els °, especially those 1 of the old countries. Mice some o£ the fair gear, they nro pampered, potted, powdered, painted, spoiled: These "pa" will ruin nnything. . ', ',•' •. Th« .Taefcny*. /o« Garcia ia perhaps the only man living *ho has ridden any distance on the back of a man-eatin g shark, aaya the San Francisco Chronicle. Joe was at work for the Pacific Mail Company a,t Panama, and came to thia city on one of the company's steamers. Sharlca of the man-eating variety are plentiful at Panama and make no bonea of scratching their backs against a boat when they feel that way. Joe waa going- ashore in the company's gteam launch one day, and before the boat had sjot hal-f way to the landing- a 12-foot shark waa observed swimming- alongside the craft. Garcia tried to drive the fierce brute away by throwing him pa of coal at him, but the big fish? took no notice of the coal. Garcia then picked up a chain hook lying in the launch and waited for a chance to strike the shark. The hook had a becket on it, and in order not to loae the hook Joe slipped the becket over his hand, and inaide of two seconds was very sorry he had done so. The big shark edged closer to the launch and cast a long-ing look at Joe as he loaned over the aide of the boat. This waa the chance Joe had been looking for and he struck with all his force at tho brute's head. Tho sharp hook penetrated tho eye of the big flah, and the next instant Joa went over the side of the boat like a fl.-wh. Maddened with pain the fierce tiger of tho sea tore through the water at a speed that throw the spray high in the air and gave poor Joe no chance to extricate his hand from the becket. Those in the launch at once gave chase, but the fish darted hither and thither at a twenty-knot gait, and they had about aa good a chance to catch it as they would hava had to capture a comet. The strain on the ma,n'a arm was terrible, and it seemed as if that member would be torn from the socket owing to tho great speed he was being towed through the water. Luckily for Joe the brute kept on top of the water, and at last, blinded no doubt by the sharp iron hook, it dashed high and dry on tho reef, dragging Garcia with it As quickly as possible the boat was brought alongside, and ono of the men cut the becket, but not before he had been nearly stunned by a blow from the shark's tail. Joe was nearly dead from pain and was full of water, but he soon came to. His clothes were torn off by the terrible rush through the sea, and he was badly scratched by contact with the sharp rocks. The shark was killed, and in its stomach was found half a bushel of partly digested bones, a shoe, and the bowl of a pipe. Garcia preserved tho backbone of the big fish, and will make a cane of it to remind him of the time when he rode a shark around the Bay of Panama. UNDER WHICH BANNER. THE NEW UNIVERSITY. Cn- Ovi-r I'll! toil 11 UnprnfHiib'n. Almost any wort of animal used for human food can, with greater prolit both l.o tho feeder and butcher, bo made oxcossivoly fat, than the shcop, though a superabundance of fat ia not desirable, or Bought after, by tho aver- ago con.'iurnoi- of moat, whether it bo beof, pork, veal or mutton; hence such goods aro blind led at a There i.s a medium lino to bo on- Borved in preparing Block for tho market thfit will insure bettor nati.'ifaction to all partie.i concerned Iban tho ox- tre.rm-H of either over or under fatting, and while it id into tho lean parts of very fal. meat aro always sweeter, more juicy arid lender then when leanness prodoiMiunleH over tho ci-.i-enHS, yet the proportion of this lino quality of infiat. is so small, compared with tho «;;• .TC,;;I!O weightof a very fat carcass, i..1,1. butchers are shy except at s, knowing tho Incgo amount enblo bulk it. contains. Par- '' is :: in Inn) of million, and •i ii fly I'atcM'cass of that class ! . n ;.v<u-s mom the purpose of i 1 l.h,i possibilities o ' I he nm. ! broil.I lo lay on fa.t. than rii:l«) for JSnttfll- Tim Hoyat Agricultural Society of Kng- land has published sorno excellent rules for huU.or-making, frop .which we make on oxtnict, a* they are also applicable in this country: 1. JiirisB all dairy utensils In cold water. 2. Son Id with hot. water and rinse again with cold. ", .Always »se a thcrrnomoter. 4. ('hiirri the crenrn at a temperature ot CS dRRretis to (iO decrees in summer and IJO (legrtoH to li'l degrees in winter.. (Jive the churn Rood ventilation, and ^ ^ f ° rty ' ftve rBvolutI ° M to Being Free Krom Tradition It Is trammeled in Its Method.?. The new university can cut itself loose from the time-worn Eno-lish col- 1 , ra »w» ,„„..,„, M,iA..*vrf¥»^kjF v^ijuyciii>:;iiijc(Jl lego curriculum and its much-patched I life, with only tho restriction that each equivalent, with its system shall conform to certain rules of Jte Ktigltatt Paper Contrast! the Treatment of Veteran*. A writer in the Sunday Chronicle of Manchester, England, contrasts the treatment of soldiers and ex-aoldiera by the gorernment In England and America* Se first shows how much Better off 19 the American while in the regular service than Ia hia brother •cross the Atlantic. But ic is when we come to consider the question of pensions, he saya, thai the American system ia calculated to make the Brit- lah soldier's mouth water with envy. Arter rour terms of rive years each, or twenty years' service in alJ, the soldier of any rank, from the general down to the private, ia entitled to retire upon three-fourths of his last year's salary. Thisgivea the sergeant something like £;! lospermonth. Bui beyond thia—and here the marvel to English ears begins—the American government reasons thus: "While this man was serving us we fed him and clothed him. Therefore it is only fair that that portion of his income should be considered in his pension." Accordingly they reckon up hia. rations and hia clothing on a cash basis, and allow him three-fourths of that also. Thus it ig quite possible for a man who enlisted at 20 years of acre to retire at 40 with sufficient to live upon for the remainder of his days. In the case of hundreds of Frenchmen and Germans now living w ho became American citizens by the act of enlist- j ment and have returned to their birthplaces in Franco or the fatherland, it is evident that the difference in the' purchasing power of money enables them to enjoy the condition of gentlemen at ease and put on "side," much aa an English officer on half-pay, who could not keep up hia position in London, can go to the Channel islands and live in style or settle down in Normandy and be regarded as a grand seigneur. .The pension is always continued to the soldier's widow 'for life or to his orphans until they attain the age of 16. But above and beyond this enviable 6ta.te of things for the retired soldier at large, the single man with twenty years' service enjoys privileges which makes one feel sore when he thinks of the poor old Crimean veterans whose case Mr. Stanhope informs us he is still considering. The map of the United States is cut up into six military sections, in which there are seven or eight soldiers' homes for full time expired men, which are really noble institutions. Take the establishment at Washington, for instance and contrast it with our Chelsea hospital, which is best described as an asylum into which the British veteran can not get. Three miles from the white house, where the president resides, in a fine park of 600 acres, is a palace capable of accommodating about 1,000 men at a time. Therein the old soldier i.s lodged and boarded aa a matter of right, at the expense of the state, with all the accommodation of a good hotel. Each man has his little room, and public apartments of all kinds, including a library, billiard-rooms, and every convenience of NAMING THE BABY, It W.mlil B> Well to look Attire the .iTi-finrnir a Little. "People might select names for their children with a better discretion if they were acquainted with the very expressive meanings borne by many of the personal designations of the language, " said a, linguistic professor to a Washington Star reporter. • -Some of' them have rather funny significations For example, Julia means 'mossy- bearded,' Ursula is & 'female bear,' Priscilla ia -a little ancient,' and Cecil ia 'dimsighted,' Barbara signifies -foreign,' Abel is 'vanity,' Bernard is -a bear'a heart.' and Caleb is 'a dog.' Daniel is '-judgment of God,' and Raphael ia 'medicine of God.' ''Ever so many English names have very beautiful meanings. Beatrice is •making happy,' Letitia ia 'joy' Mabel ia 'my fair,' Selina is a 'nightingale.' Susan ia a -Illy,' Sarah is a 'lady.' He- becca ia 'faithful' and Lydia is a 'well of water.' What ia prettier than Margaret, which signifies a 'pearl,' or than Amelia for 'Sincere.' or than Sophia for -wisdom,' or than Katharine for •pure,' or than Adeline for a -prin- cessP" Bertha is -bright,'Charlotte ia •all noble,'Cornelia is -harmonious,' Caroline is 'noble spirited,' Harriet ia a -sweet; penumo' and Jane is a -willow.' Again, Henrietta is, properly translated, a 'star,' Judith is 'praising,' ,JG- mima is 'sweet song, : Isabella is -fair Eliza,' Agatha la 'good,' 'Felicia is 'happy,' Lucy is 'constant,'Muriel ia •myrrh' and even humble-sounding Bridget is -shining bright.' ' 'If these are good names for sisters, sweethearts, wives and mothers, equally appropriate for fathers, sons and brothers are Nicholas, which means 'victorious,' David for -beloved,' Hugh for -thought,' Horatio for i 'worthy,' Jamea for -superior,' Thorn- aa for a 'lion,' Phillip is -warlike,' Robert is -famous.' Richard is 'powerful,' Eustace ia 'firm.' Ralph is -help,'! Charles is a -man.' Matthew ia a 'gift,' j Herbert is -bright mind' and Hilary is I •cheerful.' .. William stands for 'helm I Of the will,' Patrick for a 'nobleman,' Felix for -happy,' Oliver for 'an olive' and Isaac for 'laughter.' Incidentally to naming children It OROW3 coal would be much of a table would you?" inquired the grocer of Eighth avenue of a N Sun reporter aa he hooked a mack*, i out of the kit for a consumer J «. "^ P f° ple Up north ever heard oi the bird. I guess, much less ever iw ' ?1 T* but evet> y One knows the Span iah flw A fl«r v.n»*— , . "Pan- iah fly. A fly bliater used to be ™ common aa colic, and some folks ^ to say that it was easy to loco anv -If you could get him to eat anytl that a Spanish fly had been put i Bllt. mJlvflA trnil rlrvftH l._ on* But maybe you don't know what it t» to loco any one. Well, the old darkev hoodoo doctors of tho south will tell you that if you want to make a <ri r i love you all you b a7e to do is to nut Borne part of a Spanish fly into an L pie or ice cream or an oyster stew or anything you treat her to, and that when she eats the fruit or tho drh she'll be crazy after you. That's w^t they call being locoed. 1 don't know whether the Spanish fly will do that or not, but no one ever tasted one of these birds I am speaking of without being crazy for them ever after and they _ don't feed on anything- except Spanish liies in . the season when the bird ia sought for food. I don't sty that people who eat, them are locoed by'the birds, but maybe they aro. "I never saw these birds 'anywhere except in southern Louisiana, but I suppose they abound wherever the Spanish fly is plentiful. The bird ia called the papabote, and folks who know say it belongs to the plover family. It is of the size of the woodcock with sober gray plumage and a short,' hard bill. The coming of the Spanish fly on the foliage in the localities that it frequents is sudden and mysterious. Nobody knows whence It comes or whither it goes. It disappears as mysteriously aa it comes. It K one of the most destructive insects that lives, aa it comes in countless myriads and'de. vnurs ravenously growing vegetable plants. The papabote comes with the V Initials. I have known two men who were obliged to write themselves for short 'A. S. S.' just because of their parents' carelessness." American of favored studies and false incentives. It can give to each line of work the time and freedom it needs, thus leaving all questions of the relative value | sion. It is bachelor hall, of studies to be settled by each student old married man has the for himself. . . . The 0. Stop churning when tha butter has formed in pellets tho slxo of mnall shot. 7, J)rnw off tho buttermilk, and pour puro wntor into tlio churn until it runs off clear mul um.:olor«d. a. Alukc u. strong brine find pour into tho churn through a flno sieve. !). Jtemove t)ia tintter nnd work it with a ladltt or njion a butter- worker. Never use t.ho Imiuls. To t.heso may bo added Uia prucriutiori to allow the butter to stand ei^lit or ton hours, then work carefully to expel the excess of water anil insure solidity, when it. i.i r<>(i.d.y for printm;; or the till) If thuso direction* are followed, streaks in tlio butter will uovor appear. new schcol can treat its students as mon, and not a.s children. . . . The nursery should co:i.fio where tho university bofins, and the ' his rod behind the mirror." Tho new school can rest its impulse for work on tho desire for knowledge, tho eternal "hunger and thirst which only tho Btudont knows," tho only basis on which scholarship can rest. Marks, honors, prizes, degrees even, aro incentives which belong to tho nursery days. They date from tho time when tho youth of the aristocracy must be coaxed or driven to a resemblance ol culture. As I have olsowhoro urged, all these things ;iro forms, and ftPrma only, and the substance of our higher health and sanitary regulations for the general comfort. And for all this there is no deduction from the pen- but even an privilege of residing there and supporting his wife and younger children out of his pension, outside. Moreover, as the men , aro in great measure their own sorv- univorsity student should not do ; ants, every inmate who accepts a poai- in tho child's fear of --the j tion in the place, such as gatekeeper, gardener, bookkeeper, or what not even to waiting on the table, receives a salary for his services. As the old men mess in common, tho expense la of courso not very great: but. the point is they aro not in the workhouse, nor subject to anybody's commands, caprices or insults. Even tho president himself could not enter tho place and order ono of tho inhabitants to bring him a chair. He would have to ask for it civilly. They are tho honored proteges of the nation, held in reverence and treated with respect. Errors In Geographies. "The publishers of school maps," says a teacher in the St. Louis Globe- Democrat, "are responsible for more errors than any other class of people )n the planot. They use sometimes lalf a dozen different scales of sixes in a single book, and it is impossible for children to get a correct idea of the relative sizes of different countries because of their lack of uniformity in the scale. In an atlas for school use all the maps should be on the same scale, otherwise most incorrect ideas will be formed. 1 recently asked a bright boy, who had just finished the study of geography and laid it by because he knew all about it, how large he supposed Arabia was. He reflected a moment, and then, with some confidence, replied that, Arabia was about tbe size of Massachusetts. I suggested tho possibility of his •'being"' "mistaken, when he a-ot his atlas and .showed me that Arabia and Massachusetts were tho same size, that is. on the map. He opened his eyes when I explained to him the mysteries of'the scale, and that inateajl of being a mere speck Arabia was as long as from St. Paul to New Orleans, as wide as from St Louis to New York, and contained more than one-third as many square miles as the United States. He had been misled by the maps, as his teach- i er probably had also, and thousands of ] other people besides. A uniform scale j would prevent many false ideas, and if ' a national series of te.xt-book.s is ever ' adopted the atlases .should have that ! feature prominent." ia worth wuile to look out for the ! fly ' remaina until it disappears, and ~~ ' consumes untold millions of the insects. The birds grow so fat that they are just- balls covered with feathers, and when they fall before the gun of the sportsman they invariably burst open, like overripe fruit. "The hunter who goes out with his dog and his gun, though, with the expectation of filling, hia bag after the regulation methods of the scientific gunner, will return without his game, for the papabote is the shyest of birds] and can be approached" within gun shot in only one way. for, unlike all well-known game birds, it will not crouch to the hunting- dog. The bird is heavy of wing, and probably for that reason rises in flight long before the hunter is within range. It can be shot in no way considered sportsmanlike, but must be approached by means of a horse and wagon. The bird will permit a horse to walk up close to it, and in open buggies or spring wagons the hunters ride about among the feeding grounds of the papabote, their guns lying across their laps, and they wing the birds as they rise on every side when the wagon has got nearer than the birds considered safe. The birds are considered such an incomparable delicacy among the epicures of Louisiana that small armies of men make a great deal of money during the season by shooting pap'abotes for market. It is said that "-here is not a case on record of a p bl -son who had once tasted a papabote, fattened on flies, who did not have an irresistible inclination for more." HE WASN'T A BARBER. But Jow pri<;> of tioillurl v an <•• c,..; of in Mt. show in.; 1 nifil or ends of returns, to either |)i or or consumer. ,\ ham butelie who II.(t weekl ,• in 'i-krl, prolil to f.illin." ilinti for thii Itiiiisnwlfit. Halt will curdle now mill;. To soften old putty, use a hot Iron. You run clenn mica, that has become smoked, with vine<riir. Mix lifikin;,' Bo.lii with brick-dust for scouriiijv your knives. nni- ! ' { " w I'Ortfstniik a|.j>lled will remove the (lll y j discoloration from bruincH. «l, or mi.l.isf.-iclor'y ' ''Islorn wutur mity bo purified by hang- .''o'cdo ,'. HIM butch', i '""' (l '"'# of <-linrco;il in tho water. loading liirmii)"- i ''".vbiK tonsil mutit in vinegar for a few supp irs mc-ilH U> ! n ' iin " ( ' s l 'olWo cooking I.s siii.1 to make It wrileulo ,.n'Kn-! nl °J >ot< ""'T ,, ' .Swool, oil will remove llngor-miirks from varnished furniture, and kerosene from oilcfi furniture. Kqmil |i/irts of ammonia and turpentine will lemovu puint from clothlug, i( it ia often enough npjilieil. A few drops of tther dropped into a coimmln will, u i * , , ' bottle of oil will prevent it from becoming compote with ||,,, hiiii, Austr.-ihiui mul- i rancid for a long limo. ton now olTerod." What more, advloi. ' this miiUor, and lii'.f IK Js i o Ivi-io. yo-ir rejiders to avoid wind- )'vy ni.,t!oii to m.'irket. there •;:>'r, ami it IH a waslo of tiino, j ii'l Inlior It; ;;TO-,V. and is of simill when sUniirlitfinsd. It riumot of than our (jorrc.spondonl. has tendered Is needed P 11 i.s siitfgo.s is woll worth tins coiisidomt^oM breeders. 'J'beiv should not b, dilliculty in iiilnpiinjr \\, ('pwiu-d-, ol' lulo/oiidilVereiit biveil.sof i-lirop Miouhl afloi-U mati'i-iiil oiiougli for ([ duetiou of lean mutton. attrucUous tiro ia:.| t. or is i.-iiy. Thes juey uouuui-o i Fy.<—U>lwuiuu'» pro- Hlio ril not conducive of Ibis tlio ora/o for i-jn-ly olij.'c- s in-,. |;,ml:,blo i' i' I'oinv ; b:-< i^i>-' "\v upu i tin', do. i» -'is '.:'.:; al Ic-l'.si as :'' j'lirlii-ula! 1 iiiiluu- ural World. j A [illcher of uokl water placed In a room ' to absorb poisonous arising from tho I IIOIHOIIH of Ihoso occupying it, is one of the : ubsoluto I''iUiaU. I Tociit o/l'tfliiKs liottJo.-j for cups, mark | with u IHii whore tho lino is wanted, uud • then run urouiul the bottlo with tho point ol'u mi-hot pokdr. lu_ preparing plaster of furls for tilling in plaster, use vinegar Instead of .wut-or in mixiug it. 'fiio result will be u wuss Uko putty, mul it will not harilou so touu. Uilt femes limy bo Crushi-ned by dust- iu^. mul then washing ihum with ono ouuix- of soda boiiten no with tho wuitoa of three eggs. Ben-aped plucea wuy be touched up with gold pttiut. education is fast outgrowing them, j But. they do trot out as mimy of College marks, college honors, college i their honored veterans as are able to courses, college degrees, tho college j walk on every occasion of national re- itself as distinguished from tho univor- ' joicing or to lend grace to tho unveil- sity on tho one hand and the public i ing of a statue or tho openim» of a new school on tho other—all these belong ! public building or what not. And with tho college cap and gown, and j then it is tho custom to rnako much of tho wreath of laurel berries to tho j them, and mon crowd around to shake babyhood of culture. They are part j hands with them and women to kiss of our inheritance from the past, from and hug them. And they give them to oat and drink of the' best and a front seat at the theater. Strong young men get out of the way of the old veterans on crutches and take off their bats to thorn. And tho people, who aro a nation of sharp traders, cute dealers, and sharp practitioners in all tho time when scholarship was not manhood, when tho life of tho student had no relation to tho life of tho world. —Tho For urn. Klin,-* and Sunday. A most remarkable coincidence links the names of the British sovereigns with Sunday. William II. began his roign Sunday, September 26', 1087; Ilonry I. began his on Sunday, August 6, 1100, and ondod it on Sunday, December 1, 11,'Jo. Ilonry II. crowned Sunday, December 1'j, 1154; And tho youn-recruit 'as he Kiohard I, on Sunday, September 8, "."uu, as ne 118'J; Kdward I. i>n Sunday, tho ordinary affair* of life, just put their smartness in their pockets and make use of thoir hands to clap and thoir lungs to cheer whenever the survivors of the war of secession turn out was j in a body to honor the public festival. November 20, 1272. and Kdward III. on Sunday. January 25, 1J527 (N. S.), his roigu terminating on the mime day of tho week, Sunday, Juno 21, l;(77. Kd- ward V. terminated his brief and tragic career on Sunday, Juno 22, 1183, a"nd Henry VIII. began his on Sunday, April 22. 1,001). James I. diod Sunday, March 27, 1025, and Charles I. assumed control on tlio same day. William 111. was orownod Sunday, February 13, 168!). The Georges changed tho lucky and unlucky day to Saturday, three of them having died or boon crowned oa that day. —St. Louis Republic. Item "I want the music of O'Eeilly and the 400," said a little boy entering a Now York music store. "For siiiffing or for tho pianoP" "J don't want it for uitlior, 1 want it lor my sister."—Tux as Sif tines. arms to tho shattered fragments of Grant's or Sherman's command 'way back in the 'GO's, has a tear of pride In his eye as ho reflects: "What a darned fine thing it is to be a soldier and fight for one's country!" Corruption in Kns.sUi. The following anocdote was circulated some time ago in St. Petersburg. It was said that the Grand Duke Constantino, the admiral-in-chief of the Russian fleet, who had the reputation of being also the greatest depredator of public money in Russia waL-i once upon a visit to the present Czar. The Czarevich, then a boy of 10, approached his unclo and said: "Undo, will you show mo the fleet?" Tho grand duko replied that ho would be glad to do so at the first naval review; but the boy insisted on being shown i he fleet there and then, and when his uncle protested that it was impossible, tho boy exclaimed: ••But why not? Papa has just said that you have put half of the fleet in your pocket." re- IHore Oospel, Lett* num. A Congo native, who has been taught to read and write, has just sent a letter, hia first to the archbishop o! Canterbury. It roads as follows: '^Great and good chief of the tribe of CJirisl, greeting: Tho humblest of your servants kisses tho horn of vour garments and bugs you to solid to his fellow-servants moro gospel and loss rum. In tho bonds of Christ, In tho Czur'M Country. The old-fashioned Russian wagon driver who carried passengers and freight long distances in his i-ude, solf- coutrivod vehicle is still competing successfully with the .steam hovso in the laucf of tho •.••iiite u/.ar. A ISnr^lur Alarm. A now burghu- alarm that has cently been patented contains in new and novel features. lr the alarm the person who locks up the promises presses a button on tho side of tho door, which in turn operates a drop that, do o-> tho necessary circuit for puttin ;• tho alarm in working order for llio night. Ailo'ihUis dono no one c.;n i nior iho baikiiiig oven if the w.iv.s leading to the door and window arc; in lull view. If the alarm con- nncting with the police station has the circuit cut an audible alarm on the j outside of the building is instantly put ! in circuit, so tho building is never ' without protection. Jiuttmunn Performed a Tnniorlal Operation Nevertheless Professor Buttinunn was born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in 1764. He was librarian at Berlin in 17S9 and i there he wrote a Greek grammar. | One morning, carrying a satchel of books, he passed through the Behren- strasse hastily. Suddenly some one knocked at the window of a house. He looked around and a stranger beckoned to him to como. Uuttmann hurried into the room and the stranger ' imperiously commanded him thus: "Quickly cut my hair! Hurry, I haven't a minute's time." "But, sir—" "Never mind; make no lon# speeches. I have no time." Buttmann then took a pair of scissors and merrily began to work around the hair of his victim. Soon the work was completed to his satisfaction, but the shaved man was horrified to his disgraceful image in a glass. "Sir, why in the deuce have you spoiled me in this way- 1 What have you dono?" •i have cut j'our hair," replied Buttman - with undaunted equanimity. see Alter tho pretended hairdresser had assured him that he had never learned the art ho continued: "How dared you shave me, then? Sir, who are you?" ' -1 am Professor Buttmann, and is I have no more time to waste, allow me to withdraw/' He left the man stupefied. —Phila. Times. A Turncoat, The jolly fish hasn't any teeth, but used himself just as if ho were a piece ol paper when ho is hungry, getting his food and then wrapping- himsoll about it. The star fish, on tho contrary tu:-ns himself inside out and wraps his lood about him and stays that way until be has had enough. The p.oii-s of tho star jfch look like teeth, but in i-ealitv they are not, being nothing but ornumoate to his per« eau. - tho forty Footsteps, of the British Museum, I'lold of Just back t London, England, there is u curiously shaped little patch of ground known in tradition as the ' -Field of the Forty Footitops." The old legend concerning tho place says that two brothers, in the time of tho Duke of Monmouth's rebellion, took different sides, and here engaged each other in deadly combat. Both were killed, and forty impressions of thoh' feet remained on the Held for many years, not a blade Of grass growing ia any pi the laden- . ^..^.M&L ..............

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