The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on October 7, 1891 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, October 7, 1891
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THE tJPPER DES MQtNES. ALG^NA4 1O WA. , QCTOBEHT, 1891. FAJBM AND HOUSEHOLD. DESCRIPTION OF A PRIVATE DAIRY THAT PAYS. Botaethlag About Oai-,Ajfrlealtrjr»l Import* and Etptfrt*. General Pot- pot*,. Stock—Purtn Kotei :j «nd I)orrif«tto Doti. mere brasrt meat sod bsttsr appearance of carcass. So much for the Leghorn, Others may favor another breed, but each one Is entitled W his opinion. White-shelled eggs are generally laid by white-skinned chickens. They are not better thaft the brown eggs; but in the autumn and winter they do not lay so many. If special care is giveu to them, the same number will be laid, but under ordinary conditions they will not. In the summer lima it does not make much difference — American Cultivator. I A Private Diirjr thJt Pay*. The simple and somewhat old-fashioned system practised in a dairy—of Jersey and grade cows—whose but- tor eells readily and steadily to the •atno families '•at prices far above quotations," each package warranted and none ever returned, and which during nearly twenty years has only In a few instances failed to keep sweet j will and good till eaten •pring, is described as follows in The . agricultural products. Agricultural Impr>rt« and Krportl. In these dao tt 1 earnest care for the "home marfcet," a few facts trom the table of imports and exports of bo in Cow*. ( Th« idea that feed wholly makes the cow. is now tut disappearing? Th« born performance of a cow, he. : power to assimilate and appropriate the food and convert it into milk, are the matters that must be studied into. Two cows alike to all external appearances, fed the same full ration, yet one will produce a full half more j milk of as good quality than can be ^ t obtained from the other. No feeding 1 or care can make this last cow the equal of the other. The same varia- [ tion holds good in butter production. j One cow standing along side of j another, makes twice the butter from ' the same ration. Individuality In cows is the great study of the: dairy- THE tt WAS NAPOLEON. Were Introduced In Atnerlc* by the Spaniards and Some Escaped. I The Indian horses of the mountain and plains tribes were originally of that wild stock once found in vast herds all over the intracontinent region, and which had their beginning from those ' as there were no animals of ' character on the _ continent until : the Spanish conquest, if we except an extinct species found o'nly as a fossil on the plains of Kansas. These were i geological specimens long before the advent of the Indian, and of such a re- j mote age as to bewilder the mind in its ; contemplation. Bis TTondeffnlly Intelligent bog Recovered the I.ost Coin*. It was dark, and down a retired street in Paris a man rode alone on horseback. Suddenly the horse stopped as if frightened. Then a man rose from the pavement in the middle of the street and jumped to one side with A STttANGE t)iSc6VERY. Intelligent Made Peta Save Be«n Coral Animals. that coral animals can bit I have had considerable says George "I knotr tamed, for experience with them, Bancroft of Tallahassee. Mr. Bancroft has spent several of his life among the coral claimed: "Are you drunk, man, that j has made a study of the work of the you lie about in the middle of a dark ; little coral animal. The traveler haa street to get yourself run over?" a fine collection of coral with him, and ! ft.nnilt OQfVh t^TOr*^ Viaa a n *v. M l.1.S » . , "You might better lend a poor fellow about each piece has something inter"- , ..... interesting and instructive. the following | We imported f374. 191,442 worth of man, and the mating of these Individ- Ef T en "f til *f mid * le ° f t * e ' ei ^ ««mi<» *»,«,.f-i»s^i« t~a, — in,. 4- eenthcentury the Indians of the coun- Orange County Farmer. "Wo hava first of all, a dairy bouse 12x18 ft, 10 ft high and well lighted There are four pans 6 ft. long, 20 inches wide, and 6 in. deep. These are In galvanized iron vats that bold about four pails of water. We have water from a spring running into the dairy house, and through each or all of thcso vata us we may desire. Each pan holds one milking and can •tand at least thir;.. six hours before being skimmed, but is always ekim- tned as soon as there is the least acidity to the milk. The milk Is brought in and strained through both wire and cloth atraincr as soon as possible after drawn from the cow. Wo aim to keep the temperature of the room as near the churning point as possible, BO as to uvoid any extreme changes in temperature of the cream uniil it is ualities, the striving to induce like to beget like and to prevent deteriora- of which sugar ,' tion, is the farmer's great study in I and molaa-es formed nearly one-third, | this matter, and he who best succeeds, : or $101,267,326. tea, coffee and cocoa |93,454,637, and of fruits and nuts, most of which are not natives of this country, $20,746,471, and of spices nearly $3,000.000 worth. It may be easily calculated then that about two-thirds of our agricultural imports, which are nearly one-half (or 47.4) per cent of our total imports, are of products of other countries which cannot bo grown here, or, like sugar, do not yield a remunerative return lor money and labor required in producing them. But our exports of agricultural products were nearly three-fourths of our total exports (74.2 per cent), or $627, 216,066. We sent away $31,261.131 worth of living cattle and $30,173,371 of beef products, not including hides; $909.042 worth of live hogs, and $85,.. , „„, , , , | 279,174 more in the various pork pro- churned. Th,« can be done by keep- j ducts. To go with this meat we sent $164,9^,937 worth of bread and breadstuffs, and nearly $13.000,000 ing a fire in the cooler part of the sea- ion, and in extreme warm weather by putting a cake of ice in the room and , WO rth of butter and cheese to go on it. by sprinkling «»•- • ..-.-..-_ let it dissolve, or floor with cold well water. e i? e beside $4,Oil,680 worth of fruit as a, «™ nm i t-i, «• u "hen the dessert and over $1,350,000 worth of cream is taken off it generally stands vegetables '" ' wv_ered_palH«r«nty-four hours be- | A * ain we fient away 1350.968,792 any cream Is wor th of cotton to provide our nct?h- oors with garments. is the one that is pointed out as the successful dairyman. Feed is all right, but there must be individual possibil- itiea in the oow that eats tho feed. The dairy performance of a cow is born with her. Feed develops and strengthens it. — Farm and Home. 8-Ut. A subscriber asks what benefit is derived from salt on land, and how it Is usea as a reruuzer. Suit is rarely used for fertilixing the soil, excepting with lime, when green manurial matter is to quickly decomposed, about one bushel of salt to twenty bushels of lime being the proportions. Salt is used, ho.tvt'ver, to destroy slugs and wort ''i tho soil. Being a chloride, it is u,...i'ted toby those who are of the opinion that under certain conditions chlorine gas is liberated from it It ranks very low as a fertilizer. lore churning. Whim any cream added to that already in the pail it Is thoroughly stirred in order to have all •like in ripeness. "If at the time of churning tho eream is too cold it is brought to tho right temperature by putting in warm milk to bring tho temperature down. We simply set the. cream pail in collar and never use any ice in the cream or in the water to wash the butter. We always churn in tho morning, ming a dash churn with a sheep for power, and can churn at an average turn of about fifteen minutes for a season, all the early and latter part of the season using only five to ten minutes, with about twenty during lato July and August We wash tho butter thoroughly in tho churn after tho buttermilk is drained oil, take it on a lovol butter worker, putting 1} ounces of Bait to tho pound. Wo slightly work in the salt, and after covering it closely from the air, loavo it a fo;v hours and -give it a little more working, pack it in white oak kegs that hold 00 to 76 pounds each, tho keg having been soaked several days in a brine. In packing we rub the inside of the packago over with a little salt, put in a layer about throo inches thick, than •pririldo a little salt on top of that layer and put in another, and so on to the filling. Then we put a cloth over tho butter sufllciently largo to lay over tho tddos somewhat, filling tlie kog even to the top with suit. This we moialon with water, and then cover with u, ihit .stone or plunk and sot away for fall shipping." I Gonural 1'urpoio, Aftnr AM, Leading agricultural writers m these days soera with one accord to regard with disfavor the idea of general-purpose stock. The tendency now among the more advanced agriculturists ia rather toward special development A strenuous effort ia certainly being made to induce farmers to select their horses, cows, etc., more-witli the idea Of scouring a single product iu a high degree than in covering tho ground BO generally Bought eotno yours ago. It must be said, though, that these elTot'ta aro not very sueoosaful. The average producer ia etill a fli-m belioyo;' in the genoral-purposo animal, and tho probabilities are that no amount of rea- Boning or oonving wi'l lead him to abandon Ms old position. This being tho cnso, wo urge our contributors to give readers the benefit of experiences aiding tho owner of so-callpd general- purpose stool?. Wo want to make the nmttei' contained in Tho Stockman as practically useful as it can bo made; and whllo it is all right to sot, forth tho advantages of a curtain sya'oin, when- gver it can bo introduced, it is also of value to tell the people ho\v to get the most out of Uio system now in vogue. The general f;: .nor will, after all milk a cow whiuh ho expects someday to turn into beef, lie will also uaa a horso which may bo taken from the plow and put la lighlor work. This ia mallei', ot faisl, and wo do not, expect to sets tho time when any groat change from this policy shall have boon successfully brought about. This hoing tho case wo liopo our friends will bend theii 1 elTorls to helping each other through, oui' columns, not only to do good work in special Hues, but to make tho most they can of opportunities with stock which must bo used ia the way indicated.—National Stock- BUlll. Fiirm Notoa. The refuse of the crop from an acre of tomatoes contains more fertilizing material than slmiliar remains of most other crops. Tho-o is a drawback in the use of bells on sh-iep by reason of greater excitability. A restless Hook will run off more fat than the loss of ten sheep would amount to. No tree should be planted nearer a house than its length when full grown. Trees not only moisten tbe air nboutthem, but the earth also. Sunshine should have access to the house at all times. Road dust is an excellent absorbent for tuanuie cellars and privies, and during a dry season can be gathered in quantity b> the aid of a scraper. It usually contain', also a considerable percentage of horse manure. A farmer in New Hampshire whose cows bothered him by jumping over fences, blinil his cows forward with horse shoes and hna had no further trouble. He explains liis method by saying that the cows, finding that they have a solid instead of a split hoof, do not attempt to jump. Any cultivation which disturbs the flue roots of growing plants is au injury. Deep cultivation therefore, after the roots have spread through the soil should be avoided. This applies to everything that you grow. Cleac, shallow culture and plenty of It should be the rule, 1'roflt.ililo Ur.'O.U of Olilolconi. The question ia frequently asked, Which is tho most profitable breed of chickens? If one is not going to breed fancy fowls for their eggs it might not be far wrong to award the prize to tho Leghorns and facts seem to prove that this breed is tho moat fleetvable for its uieat. The Leghorn »nd its crosses are fine for broilers, and they are more eatable than almost any Other breed. A Leghorn male evossed With a Brahma or Wynndotte will produce a broiler that will not fall two ° U u° e , 8 ^ lud a whUo Wy^lotte or » light Brahma, or e, cross between tbe two, at eight weeks, u,ud will give Domestic Dots. A simple cement for broken china .or earthenware is made of powdered quicklime, si .'.,1 through u course musliu bag over tho white of au egg. Dough* that stick to rolling-pin, board and hands in n hot kitchen should be set away till thoroughly chilled, but all trouble might have boon saved by using cold fat, Hour and liquid at first, and the texture oJ the dough would have been better. To temper earthenware which ia to be used for baking, put the dishes in cold water over the lire, and bring them gradually to the boiling point. When the water boils around them, remove them from the H'-e aud lot them remain in the water till it becomes (.-old. To prevent untrained oil paintings from sticking together, whether in storing or packing them, proceed as follows; Cut ordinary corks into halves ami insert noocllos into them. Stick these into the corners of tho uuu--«. -md by this ineaus tho pictures will be Kopt effectually apart. Coarse cheeso-cloth may be used for making tho bags use;l in the bath. They way be filled with oithor almond meal, or else with limn in which a groat deal of orris powder haa bopn mixed. With care a bag muy be used twice, that is, If after the first bath it is put in the suushiue to dry, and not allowed to grow sour, for in this condition it becomes uufit for use. A simple dessert, which iu a variation of citko ,iu:i preserves, is made by taking a thick loaf of sponge cake—that baked the day before is all the bettor—and cutting it iu round pieces with the aid of a largo-«izcd biscuit cutter. Slightly hollow out t.hw centre, and put In a large teaspoonful of preserved strawberries or cherries or pineapple. Arrange these cake mounds ou a plattor, and servo with whippotl or plain cream, though wuippeo cream gives tho dish a much prettier ap* peivrauce. | A hot slaw represents one of the best end most wholosomo methods of preparing cabbage. Shred tho cabbage ou a board, but do not chop it. Tut it into a deep porcelain dish. Heat a pint of viuogar till it LoiU. Add two tablespoonfuls of butter, a tablespoonl'ul of salt aud a little pepper. Sprinkle two tablospoonfuls of eugar ovor tho cabbage if you liko the addition, nud pour tho boiling mixture over 4f Covor it with a plate aud set in a hot Look both mal. I Disease lurks in filth. j necessary to health with I .4-_ n l* l''arin for pedigree and a good ani- Our agricultural exports In 1890 exceeded those of 1889 i by $98,469,250. and our imports were $18,058,882 larger in 1890 than in 1889, of which nearly one-half was in sugar and molasses, and the remainder nearly ; all in other products not grown here. It will be seen that the farmer eavns nearly three-fourths of the money brought us by our exports to foreign countries, and there is but little that he can grow for his homo market that he is not producing so abundantly that there ie but little need of calling upon other nations to supply us with anything that will grow hero. If the country is not prosperous, it certainly Is not the fault of the farmer. Cleanliness Is all classes of stock. When milk or butter is an item, it ia a good plan to '.feed tho cows a littio bran , and oil meal. ' i Wool and bu.tter can both bo shipped at [ ft less cost in proportion to their value than most form proVlucts. i Slop is a good, feed for growing bogs if properly rua<!o, but it should not bo made to take tho piace.of water. Unless young stock is kept constantly growing they will be so much dead capital from which uo profit is realized. Varying tho rations occasionally helps to stimulate the appetite, but radical changes should not be made too suddenly. The science of feeding is bettor understood now than it was five years ago, but there is still room for considerable improvement. In order to make tho best growth in proportion to the' feed, it la necessary that tho animals have good digestion and assimilation. No definite rule can'bo laid down for all cows as to the amount of grain rations, as different animals, are not capable of bringing equal results. AU classes of stock must be fed according to their nge and condition; a young growing animal needs a dilTerent ration from one that is matured. While prevention la better than a cure, if lice got a start use diluted kerosene, a hand than scold in tha^ way, "exclaimed the other. • 'I had 300 franes in gold in this bag, carrying it to pay a bill for my master, and the bag haa broken aud it is all lost over the street. esting to relate. "I believe I am the first person, however, who ever tamed the polyps " continued Mr. Bancroft as he took "a fine specimen from his pocket. "That at the white man, who could not walk but must ride a horse. The Indian thought nothing of keeping up a ' 'dog trot" all day, making his fifty or sixty miles during that time. The wild horses of the American continent once roamed from the border of old Mexico as far north as Lake Winnipeg, says a writer in the Kansas City Star. Twenty-three years ago there were a great many wandering over the broad, grassy bottoms of the Cimarron, in southwestern Kansas: perhaps they are not all extinct yet. All the wila horses that I have.ever seen were of & small stature—pony built in every instance—but possessing a wonderful amount of endurance; a tough, hardy animal, well fitted to perform, tho peculiar duties the Indians demanded of him. The savages are very hard on their animals, and unless their horses were constituted to "live on cactus and drink the green slime of the buffalo wallows" they would have become extinct, probably, long ago. When caught young they are easily broken, but if taken at an advanced aee they are perfectly incorrigible. I remember one that used to do duty on the old stage line botween Ellsworth and Sterling, about seventeen years ago. He was the most vicious brute it has ever been my fortune to see. Whenever it became necessary to shoe him he dad to be knocked down with an ax, and before he recovered his senses tied, and only in that condition would the blacksmith dare approach him. His endurance was something marvelous; his driver, the only man that could do anything with him at all, tried for years to wear him out, but without success, and he succumbed at last only to old age. I have ridden behind, him many a time, but in momentary expectation of having rny brains kicked out or dashed to pieces whenever he started doivn hill. His bones lie bleaching somewhere on the divide between the Smoky Hill and the Arkansas. me more good than your curses." i "It's no easy task to find lost money on a night like this," said the rider dismounting. "I have no matches, j note the change. I had no -idea the ! but perhaps I can help you. HaVe coral animal would become used to my yon any of the pieces left?" ' ! — t — t ~- J -~ " ' ' as I was anxious to notice how fast the coral grows I placed it in the water where I could visit it every week and the gold piece and began bringing possi- it. oven for about live minutes. Serve warm « cold au you fancy. and thoroughly clean every place ble to all ord them a hiding place. H< .;s do not require a high temperature, but will thrive better with less feed if they have a comfortable shelter. A dry hog house is important, but it is not by any means necessary to have a costly one. Hogs should not oat or sleep in tho dust. A dry dirt floor makes a good sleeping floor, but it should not be allowed to get dusty, and a tight floor is bettor than tho ground, but care must be taken to keep it clean, ' • Homo Hints. Whites of eggs may, be beaten to a stiff froth by an open window when it would be impossible in a steamy kitchen. Powdered Hint glass ground to an Impalpable po \yder and mixed with the white of an, egg makes one; of the strongest cements 1 known. Half a lemon dipped.; in salt will do all the work of oxalic acid in cleaning copper boilers, brass teakettles and other copper or brass utensils. Roasts that should be Juicy come to the tablii as dry as pasteboard, because the oven wns uot hot enough at first to instant., harden the outer urn-face and pro- vent the escape of its-juices. To temper BUT then waro which is to be used for balling put the dishes in cold water over ui'i tire, and: bring them gradually to tho boiling point. When tho water boils around them, remove them from the fire and lot f. »m romuiii iu tho water till it becomes cold. A delicate way of cooking eggs this sea- sou is to break them on • little . plates. Small chiua preserve' plutos will do, but theru lire spufi;-,! plates which come for son ing egys. "uur !o ;plat." .Sprinkle a little tinoly mmcud ham ou each o;;g, Put tt mere grain of cayenne ovor ouch ogg, aud put the 1'Iate in ""tho hot oven till tho whilo is firmly uot; or, if you prefer them har -r, till tho yolk Is <l -no. . A little Paimosun i-ln so ap'rliilaod . : er tho eggs, ' with some salt added' in place pi tho ham anil cayeuue, will give a variety to the ' dish. • - : i The very best lounge one oan '. have, all | things considered, is a frame supporting a good spring bed, with n regular hair mattress of suUublo si/tv ovor it, the whole kopt in place by tin inexpensive ]-!n»\!ad rug, or au expensive Kelira rug, na you pn-fer. Kepent ha'.f -u ilo*»a of tho tones of color iu tho rug in the covering of the down pillows, of which j\pu can hardly have too many. If you <;»umot atlord the expense of eidor-dowu for sofa pillows, use the best of feathers. rather than the cheap down generally sold iu the stores. Many people like a hair pillow better than any other, and a hniumpck pillow covered with blue dunlin will often bo a welcome addition to tho louuge. Whenever it is possible it is well to keep a Ki-parute closet for articles pertaining to ironiug, Keep tiio irons, starch, bluing, holders, boards, sheet, blanket aud other articles pertaining to ironing iu this closet, which should be warm and dry aud shut ott from tho dust. If tho ironing boards wv kept in a closet iu general use it in be»t to put them in bugs of bod ticking or norno other heavy: cotton, and hang them up where thoy will bo free from dust and dlvt. If thoy ere kept'In a closet reserved for th« ironing material th«y need not bo eovorud. Tubs and Ironing boards should REDPATH AND DAVIS. Tho Intimacy Between the Abolitionists aud tho Confedarnto Leader. The career of Mr. Bed path was remarkable for its vicssitudfis, says the Boston Herald. Though not an old man at his death, he had been through stranger and move marked extremes of fortune and experience than most men of his generation. His connection with the underground railroad in Kansas twenty-five years ago, and his relations with John Brown, are well known. They represent one phase of his life, but it was appointed for him to have an experience with the leader of the pro-slavery cause in which his position was absolutely unique. Nothing, ho ever Sid was so unexpected as his intimacy with Jefferson Davis two or three years before his death. While connected with the North American Review it became necessary for him to meet Mr. Davis in his own home. Two men more unlike could not hawe been selected for companionship, but there grew up such a friendship between them that Mr. Redpath became the assistant and adviser of Mr. Davis in preparation of his political memoirs, and was in the closest literary and personal relations with the ex-confed- cralo chiof until his death, still assisting Mrs. Davis after that event in the preparation and final publication of the biography of her husband. Ho made his mark as a friend of the Irish as well as of the negro, but his affiliation with Mr. Davis was the strangest of all strange experiences through which ho passed. The most radical man at the north and the most radical man in tho south met together, and were closeted for weeks in the same room, while going over events in which each had been in conviotiou at tho furthest remove from tho other, and during all this companionship they lived in entire harmony, and never abused tho courtesies of friendship. If Mr. Redpath's life-story could be fully written out it would be the record of as thrilling romances as were ever recorded in a work of fiction. He was in every respect a uuiquo and exceptional man. "Only one," replied the unfortunate fellow with a sob. "Give it to me, " said the other. Tha poor man hesisated, but the stranger repeated the words in a tono of authority, and the last coin was handed to him. The stranger whistled and a great Spanish mastiff stood beside him. He held the coin to the dog's nose, and, leaning to the rough pavement said: "Find them." The dog sniffed began the search. One, two, three, he in the C9ins and . dropping them into his master's hand, while the. poor servant stood by in silent wonder. Thirteen times he returned with a 20-franc piece. Then, after a long search, he came back empty, with a grunt that seemed to say: "There aro no more." • "We are yet lacking one piece, " said the stranger. "Are you sure there were just SOO francs?" "Sure as sure can be, sir," the servant replied. "Then look in the bag again. There must be one left there." The man looked, and sure enough found the last gold piece still there. "Oh, sir!" ho exclaimed, as the stranger sprang into his saddle, "you are my deliverer. Tell me your name, that my master may know who has dono him such a service." • "I have done nothing," said the stranger. ' 'Tell your master that tho one who helped you was a very good and intelligent dog by the name of Joie." It was some years afterward, when France had seen troubled times, and the royal family was no more, that tho master was telling the incident to a party of frienda, one of whom had been employed in tho palace "Joie! Joie!" he exclaimed. "There never was but one dog of that mirna and there never was a more remarkable) and faithful dog than he. He always accompanied his master when ho went in disguise about the city." "Who was his master?" they all asked. The reply. was brief: "The Emperor Napoleon. " — Youth's Companion. coming, but one day after about th« tenth visit I noticed the polyps dartin* into their cells. After several more visits some of the little fellows became so bold as to remain on the outsida, and finally^ they became so well ao- quainted with me they would remain j in sight. I have stood by the side Tot ' that four-inch-square specimen for 1 hours examining the thousands of animals on it. I ' 'Scientific men claim that the coral j grows slowly, not more than an inch In 100 years, but I have proved that the | scientific people don't know what they are talking about, for the piece con' taining my coral pets in six montfiS 1 grew at least an inch. It is rather I hard to describe how the animal works. The little fellow is a mere sack containing a stomach. It is a compound ' animal and increases by gemmation, 1 young polyps springing from the orl- I ginal polyp, sometimes indifferently from any part of its surface. The ' upper surface is decked out with tenta- I cles, and the body is separated by a 1 number of partitions that extend from i the stomach to the outer skin. Be' tween these walls of flesh the carbonate i of lime is deposited, and in that way the coral grows." | Mr. Bancroft has many specimens of coral with him. One kind he calls the pepper coral. When touched with the • tongue it will cause tears to run from the eyes of the owner of the tongue. ) It is worse than red pepper. Tho coral, the traveler says, is not sought for as it was years ago. ' 'Coral ornaments are not sought for at present, " said Mr. Bancroft, "and ; until there is a craze for them the trade will not be extensive." Where She Hoped Her Pa Hnd^Coue. The daughter of Deacon C waa a trifle "slow," both of speech and of understanding, but as "good as the day is long." After her father's death, she was talking with a neighbor who had just "dropped in," concerning- some of tho characteristics of the departed. "Father," said she, "was always a grciit hnml to 'tend /ires. He jest enjoyed putlin' in wood 'n then spreadin' 1 his hands out to fool the warmth. I do hopo"—relloeUvely. and with considerable tenderness in her tone, "I do hopo they'll have a good fire where pa's t'one."—Lowlstou Journal. out b* kept iu a cold place, and there objoctiou to a little dampness. la uo ^ Preparations. , "Did you see Gieenuu while west?" "Only once, and then he was arranging f ol . „ f uucv al. He had just called a tips.y cow-boy a- liar," A Lou.; Time Ago. Yes. wo are opposed to strikes. We got opposed to them whew we were a school-boy—Kentucky State Journal. How Knlglits Are /rffade. The ceremony of conferring the order of knighthood at the hands of the queen is not imposing. It is not, in fact, a public ceremonial and only those are permitted to witness it who, by their official connection with the quesn's household, may attend her. The loyal subject upon whom such distinguished honor may be conferred may not even invite his "best man" nor the members of his personal circle of relatives or friends to be present. Arrayed in whatever uniform he may bo entitled to wear or whatever dress court etiquette and the time of day make proper, if he is a civilian, the subject presents himself before his sovereign and kneels at her royal feet. Seated on the throno chair, the queen lays the shining blade of a sword across the shoulder of the exalted beneficiary, and says, using the title which she is about to give, "arise, Sir So-and-so." Plain Mr. Cheltenham Brown is thus by a single stroke of ner majesty's sword transformed into Sir Knight, aud he is permitted, perchance, to kiss his sovereign's finger tips in grateful acknowledgment of the distinguished honor. In other cases than this of n, plain knighthood, and when the title carries with it a decoration, the gracious quean, with'her own royal handa, pins tho pllttorinsj and much coveted, baublfj upon the coat of her elevated subject. This is all the ceremony con- nectbd with the conferring of knighthood, but it is a ri'eat deal to the recipient. GMCK .oil It FJwrt Time. A story is told of a bright Bangor lad, whose mother is prominent In. society circles and was entertaining 1 a party of lady friends a few aftei-noona since. He, with boyliko enthusiasm, was assisting in serving refreshments, Toward tho latter part of tho afteis noon the little fellow approached hia mother, who was engaged in conversation with the ladies. Holding a plata of cakes aloft, he remarked in a not at all subdued tone; "Say, mamma, I guess they liked 'em pretty well, for that's all we've got left." A hearty laugh went the rounds, in which tho hostess joined, while the speaker departed wondering- what caused so much amusement.—Bangor Commercial. Suspicious. First Anarchist—"I dellg you, dflf Hoofnagel va$ not vou off us. He vai ft spy." Second Anarchist—"I dink not. He make some good talk for the verkin- mau ah'etty." First Anarchist—"Yah, dot vas so. WELL-BAKED BREAD. Loaves That Have Been, for Seventeen Centuries In an Oven. In the exhumation of Pompeii one house was discovered which was evidently in a state of repair when,!/ ,' volcanic storm buried it. Paintei../ decorators and cleaners were masters of the situation. The household goda were all in disorder, and the family, if not out of town, must have been undergoing that condition of misery which spring cleanings and other like inflictions surely entail. Painters' pots and brushes and workmen's tools were scattered all over the house. Tell-talo spots of whitewash starred the wall and floor. Such domestic implements as pots and kettles had been bundled up in a corner all by themselves, and the cook was non est. Dinner, however, had not been forgotten. A solitary pot stood simmering, if it ever did simmer, on the stove. There was a bronze dish in waiting before the oven, and on the dish a sucking-pig, all ready to bo baked, but the oven was already engaged with its full complement of bread. So the pig had to 'wait, and it never entered the oven, and the loaves were never taken out till after the lapse of 1,700 years. They had been baking since August 24, A. D. '79. There were thenty-one of them—rather crusty, of course, and rather dark- colored, but perfectly preserved. Making Bottles by Machinery. Bottles are now made by machinery in Woodbury, N. J. Tho glass is gathered in the usual way and allowed to run from the rod into an iron cup which measures the quantity .needed for making the bottle. From below a hollow iron plunger is pushed up through the bottom, of the cup and through the mass, and the cup is reversed, leaving the glass suspended from the hollow plunger. The cup, which is hinged, is then removed, and the movernentof a lever admits a small quantity of air through the plunger, after which the bulb is hattened at the bottom and dropped -into the mold, which is then closed and the air applied. This completes the bottle, which is taken while hot to the annealing oven. I By the old process the ring at the top of the bottle's neck was made by a second operation. By the machine the bottle comes from the mould complete. Men totally inexperienced in the handling of glass, are able it is said, after six weeks practice to turn out as much as an experienced blower with a blowpipe. Iteiiiembraiicef Loved one, good-bye 1 A long day come* Ere we may greet each other more. Trinndship is dear, and our hearts j "Good-byo" gives greeting o'er aud o'er. Tho Flshcruian. The fisherman had got a bite, ( His hook was baited true, And from the flask 'twas plain to Bee \Iis breath was bated, too. Not JVplodiouii. "I do not sink ze Auglish a melodee- us tongue for to spik," said a Frenchman. "Why not?" "Vy uot? For His talk waa all right, but ho gets him" because it babble along not easily. You 60 busy talking dot Ue forgets to drink kn<VQ no belief? Just hear me how I hid bier.—Indianapolis Journal. , spik!"—Harper's Bazar. y,

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