IOWA, WBDNEStM^OCTOBER ,7,1891. LOOXA, IOWA. PEKJCIBGTOK'B aluminum a'r ship now promised for the world's fair. Belter wake it the day of judgment. IT IB now possible to go from Sa: Francisco to New York in four days an fourteen hours. The old foriy-ninen wb wagoned their way to Frisco will thin' the world is progrertiag mighty fa*t. Jyvon contemplate going to Oklabom —don't. That neck of wood* is full; occupied, while Uncle Sam yet ow 600,000,000 acre* to be put oa the mar ket. One of the richest young women in Philadelphia ie Mies Estelle Pardee, wh< ii engaged to be married to a minister and whose nuptials will take place early in the fall. She is one of the four daugh tern of Calvin 0. Pard«>e, a millionain coal dealer, and she will divide abou $14,000,000 with her sisters. J. D. MILI.AN, ex-county treasurer, has been on trial at Kounize, Texas, cbargec with misapplying funds to the amount o $14,000, but Judge Higbtower ordered th jnry to acquit him, charging that the le ga] definition of money is legal lende; oin, »nd that bonds are not money Judge Hightower, -who ii recognized as one of the highest, brightest jurist*, hold that no official can be indicted under tb< preient stale law unless he eteali actua eajh. JAKES H. MEAD is a name that will b( oheriebed in Sheboyzan through all timi to come, because associated with an act o: the purest philanthropy. The will of th< dead banker, just probated, disclose" the fact that $20,000 is left for a public Ii brary and $10,000 for an amusement hal for boys. Both bequeiis are in the inter est of noble objects, and they reveal to the world the true character of the public ben •factor, whose career in life was market by a modest demeanor, a calm and magnanimous ipirit and a manifestation oi the other attributes which go to make the good and honest mnn and the best citizen. THK stick ban fallen. The Boulanger sky-rocket went up Homo time since in a halo of brilliancy, but having dazzled the world for a moment, it spent its force and the simple framework again comes back to eaith. A few years ago France had uo Httla occasion to fear a repetition of ths Napoleonic coup d'etat from no ICBII a person than General Boulanger. A fine soldier, dashing and adventurous, he was immensely popular with the army, which, in the zenith of his glory, could easily have been led by him upon the Elyiee. But at lie critical moment his infatuation for a beautiful woman restrained his ambition, and the opportunity of his life was gone. Thus easily did tbo dictatorship »Iip from bis grasp. Now bi rouo'-'s out his pyrotechnic career by a romantic aui cide on the grate of. the fair creature for whom he sacrificed so much and yet whose ample means sought in vain to do so much for him, THE Ilockford Star evinced the prophetic spirit the day young Ilust was divorced from the gay Miss Potter, when it rose to remark- ''Runt will pursue his studies at Harvard, while his ex-wife will retire from public notice, probably only to be written up by the press again, the next time giving un account of her jumping from the Brooklyn bridge or performing some other wild freak." The ink on the prophecy was hardly dry beforo the heroine of the secret mar- rJBgo had contracted another alliance the announcement of which was coupled with the confession that t-ho hud been surreptitiously joined to Hie same jay more than .one year ugo, The Stivr was in error when it anticipated that she would drop into notoriety by leaping off Brooklyn bridge, but it was not far amiss in the expectation that she would soon perform "souio other wild freak." If the public has now heard of this dizzy high- flyer for iho. last time general anticipation will be disappointed. ONE of the New York ci(y newspapers recently printed a''.vurn" ubout a sailor who was lost overboard just as a whale was struck wilh a harpoon by a whaling crew iti tho Pacific ocean, and who was supposed to have benn drowned. Tho whale, however, was captured, and when cut up, the missing man, utmost dead, was found in its stomach. He recovered and lived to toll the tale of his adventure. This is a sensational story enough, but is cruelly ripped into shreds by tho Albany limes, which at tho sumo time disposes of Uic antique myih ubout Jonah. It declares that "a whale has not a throat large enough to swallow a child, much less swallow a man, and although a wounded whale in its ngojiy might fatally crush a wan between its jaws, it could not pass him down, dead or alive, into its stomach." The fellow who had tokl tho original yi'rn given in the New York paper endeavored to fortify his story by citiug the prophet Jonah's experience, which ho considered similar, "Hut," says the Times,, "Jonah was not swallowed by a whale. There are no whales in the Mediterranean or even in tho Red sou; and besides, tho BiWc siiyslh.it Jonah was swallowed by a groat iish. Now a whule is jio more a fish than a cow is. ' A whale is »i warm blooded animal, and Jonah was swallowed by a, cold blooded auunal, a fish. So much §or that story." GENERAL NOTES. STAFFORD BEOS., bankers at Cbrifflnan, III., have failed. THE western raeaf factories expect to make fully 27,000,000 pounds of tagaf this year. THE Canadian bonce of commons has adopted an address to her majesty asking for home rale and copyright. THOMAS MCGBBEVT, implicated in the boodle Ecandals, has been expelled from the Canadian house of commons. A BBCEHTLT bored oil well eighteen miles west of Pi Its burg, Pa., i« yielding an average of 10,000 barrels per day. THE Southern Interstate exposition was opened with imposing oermonies at Raleigh, N. C., Thursday. THE John Belter brotring company of Covington, Ey., baa made an assignment. The asset* are $1,000,000, with liabilities of abo- 1 175.000. JOHN S. SINCLAIR, a North Dakota farmer, bas just learned that he is heir to the title and estate, of the Scotch earl of Caithness^ POUCB Officer John King, of Chicago, who was bitten by a negro four years ago, has just died of blood poisoning. THE Iowa agricultural author)tie? report that thia has proved the beet allround crop year in the history of the. state. THE governor of Pennsylvania calls a special session o_f the senate to investigate the charges against the auditor general and state treasurer, both of whom may be removed. THE Chilian junta is making war on United Slates Minuter Egan and demands bis recall. So great is the diphtheria epidemic in Lafayette, Ind., that the public schools bave been closed indefinitely. AN Oklahoma judge decides that Indian children cannot be kept in school against the wishes of their parents. THUEE hundred job printers and press men struck at Pitts burg Thursday against the wage scale submitted by the proprietors. Nearly every office in the city is closed in consequence. A TEXAS judge has refused to naturalize an applicant for American citizenship who is a socialist. The judge says the principles of socialism are not in harmony with ;he constitution of the United States, FOREIGN. STARVING Russian peasants eat their nfants. DAVID EVANS has been elected lord mayor of London. THE recent Irish census show a decrease of 12 per cent since 1881 in thepopula- ion. GENEVAN BOULANOEII, the French poli- ical intriguer, committed suicide in Brussels Wednesday: BAI,MACEDA ; , the deposed president of )bili, committed suicide in Valparaiso by hooting. THE king of Servia has been be- rothed to the Princess Helena, of Monte negro. EMPEROR WILLIAM has subscribed $5,- XX) to the fund lor the relh f of flood suf- 'erers in Spain. THIS year's wheat crop in Prussia is officially reported to be 1,000,000 double quintals more than in 1890. DR. JAMAS, ex-chairman of the Wes- eyan conference, died suddenly at Plymouth, England, Sunday. EIGHT miners were killed in a collery accident in Wales Thursday by the falling t' a hoisting car. Ala, the Paris newspapers agree in ex- ressing the opinion that .the death of 3oulanger will not affect the political situa- ion. MONTENEGRO is to have a small fljet of war vessels in the Mediterranean, which vill be practically the property of Rus- iu. IT is officially stated that only 600 'uildings remain standing at G'onsuetfra, Ipain. There were 2,100 before the oods. An insane prisoner at Marseilles escap- d and killed one policeman and seri- usly cut two others. He cut himself utally. THE North German Lloyd Steamship ornpany has advertised for bids for the onstruetion of several passenger and reight steamships of the whuleback pat- era of about 6,000 tons burden. MUCH anxiety is felt in regard to RUB- m's movements iu Puniir, India. It is umored that Lieut. Davison, a colleague f Capt, Younghusbaud, has been taken risoner. CHILIAN soldiers at Santiago are re- jorted to have revolted against the junta. AN attBiapt is said to have been made Vednesday night to blow uo a bridge over which the Emperor of Austria was about to ass in a railroad train. The would-be- ssassins were seen by watchmen, and beir design frustrated. The emperor ar- ived in safety at Prague Thursday morn- FIRES AND CASUALTIES. Two Boston children were cremated in beir homo during a fire, FIRE Destroyed the Cedar Beach Hotel t Lake Wnwassee, Ind., Monday. EARTHQUAKES occurred Saturday night i six states—Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, In- iana, Kentucky and Tennessee. PATRICK C'llouuKE fell from an apple reo on his farm near Blooinington, II , Friday night and was instantly killed. FIUE Saturday morning consumed Sail's vaporator and tho Export mills at r'-enville, 111. Loss, $125,000; insurance, 70,000. THE lly-wheel in a Cincinnati electric ower-houso burst Friday injuring one mil and doing $30,000 damage. A PECULIAR railroad collision accurred i North Dakota and an engineer and fire- uuu were burned to death. in Carwell's storehouse, at Terrell Sunday, destroyed 300 bale" of cot n valued at $12,000. Dn. J. H. SMITH, of Owosso, Mich., uc- uleutly drank a quantity of strychnine, nd will dio. AN immense, prairie-fire destroyed herds " cattle, horses and farm buildings iu or(^i Dakota. FOUR persons were killed au<] thirty iu- ireil by a collision on th<; New York, emisylvaniu and Ohio, near Kent, Ohio, eJnesdaj morning. A STORM destroyed iv laige amount of imbei between Grand Rapids Minn., and the Manitoba bdon&ry, &»s of life i* feared. e * MOTT'S Cider refinery tod storage house at Rochviile, N. Y., the largest in the country, have been totally destroyed by fire. Los*. $100,000. ENGINEER BOWMAN was caneht in the ebafting at Clark's foundry at Kalamazoo. Michigan, Thursday morning and seriously injnred. A TRAIN loaded with workmen was wrecked near Jay* Gould's house at Irvington, on the Neir York Central Thursday morning by a broken axle. No one was hurt. SIXTY-SEVEN shipwrecked sailors arrived in New York Wednesday. They are tie crewg of the British steamer California, the British ehip Falls of Earn and the British schooner Little Wonder. CALISHA ELLIS, a farmer living near Windsor, HI., was struck on the head by a limb from a Head tree and rendered nn- conscious. De fell into a braeh fire be was tending at the time and was burned to death. A PORTION of a scaffold upon which thirty men were at work in Mechanics- yille, N. Y., collapsed, owing to the breaking of the supports. The scaffolding fell about forty feet, and all of ita occti- pants were more or less injnred. Three will die. CRIME. B. F. ADAUB of Eiizabethtown, Ind.. suicided because his wife went to Columbus without him to see a circus. GEORGE B. HOWARD, a pension agent, was arrested at Adrian, Mich., Thursday, charged with embezzlement. A MOB of white caps Friday night took a defenseless woman from her nome at Bird's Eye, Ind,, and nearly flayed her alive. THE mayor of Spartanburg, N. C., was murdered by a negro, who will probably be lynched. AT Stillwell, Col., two masked men held up and robbed a stage-coach. Very little plunder was obtained AN oculist at Helena, Monf., horsewhips a county ..official whom he accuses of undue intimacy with the oculist's wife. THE total shortage of ex-Treasurer Woodruff, of Arkansas, has been ascertained to be $157,000. A WACO, Texas, dispatch says, P. W. Hotel, the messenger of the .Pacific Express company, is miRSsing together with two packages containing over $5,000. EMMETT B. STANLEY, superintendent of the money order department of the Atlanta (Ga.) postoffice, has been arrested charged with embezzling $1,500. A. COLORED dock-laborer fatally stabbec a white man on the docks of the Western transit company in Chicago, Monday. A YOUNG farmer in Shelby county shoots and kills a neighbor, shoots one son of the latter and stabs another and is himself stabbed. The son who was shot is serious ly injured. The quarrel arose over a boundary line between farms, EDWARD McMiLLAN, convicted of murdering bis wife in a horrible manner at Sturmersville, Pa., has been sentenced to be hanged, GEORGE E. COCHHAN, of Mulbery Orove, III., was shot and instantly killed Monday at Alton, III., by Mrs. Cella E. Phillips. STANDIFORD BROS., bankers, of Crisman, III., have closed their doors and do- parted, leaving liabilities of $125,000 due depositors and others. THE jury in the case of Patrick Filz- [>atrick, charged with the murder of Samuel Early on September 2, afc Pitts- aurg Pa., returned a verdict Tuesday fading Fitzpatrick guilty of murder in the Irst degree. FRED KAMMERER, who shot and killed iis wife last Thursday at Cleveland, 0., langed himself in the county jail Monday morning. MK. AND MKS. ADOLFH BABDORF, living on their farm near Oak Glei;, 111., a suburb of Chicago, were assaulted by a 'arm hand Wednesday morning, and will )oth probably die from the injuries received. * IN a hazing scrape at Galesburg-, III iVednesday, a number of the boys were rj'ing to push Will Miller into the room when Miller stabbed Stancliffe Fuller six times with a sharp jack knife, inflicting deep and dangerous wouiids. Much excitement prevails among the school boys. PUWL.IC DEHT STATEMENT. Total Cugh In the Treasury Over $700,000,000. WASHINGTON, Oct. 2.—The public debt statement shows that the intsrest bearing debt decreased 525,504,700, and the debt on which interest has ceased since maturity increased $7,515,520 during the month of September. The total cash in the treasury is $741,668,209.89. Following is a recapitulation: Interest bearing debt. $585,024,720; de - cr«ase during month, $25,504,700. Debt on which interest ceased since maturity, $9,127,290; increase, $7,515,520. Debt bearing no interest, $390,183,493: decrease, $833,058. Aggregate interest and non-interest bearing debt, $984,335,503; decrease, $18, 822,238. Aggregate debt includins certificates and "treasury notes, $1,534,142,251. The cash in the treasury is as follows: Gold coin and bars, $244,974,790. Silver dollars, subsidiary bars and trade dollar bars, $409,163,326; paper, $85,933,359. Bonds, coin disbursing officer's balance, deposits in national banks, etc., $21,598,733; aggregate, $741,698,209. Demand liabilities are as follows: gold and silver and currency certificates and treasury notes, $64,251,130; disbursing officer's balances, fund for redemption of uncurrent bank notes, drafts, etc., $46,873,493. Gold reserve, $100,000,000; net cash balance, §44,987,968.61; aggregate, $741,668,209. Cash balance in treasury August 31st, 8160,274,394; cash balance Sept. 80th, $144.987,968, Decrease during month, $15,286,426. f AN Wt?llfAlfl? A .Host Important Question to all Humanity Intelligently D&entsed bj Experts. Eemarkable Fact rhat Storms Have Followed Nearly Every ffreat Battle ot History. The Recent Experiments 1 p-bte Bin tirely Successful—Prof. Sewcomb Scouts the. Idea. It rained after every experiment mad with explosives by Gen. Dyrenforth Texas recently, but this circumstance doe net deter tae scientist, Prof. Newcotnb from maintaining that a forced pre'jipita tion of moisture by detonation is possible accomplishment. The practica man and the learned theorist present th opposite sides of the question in the. rent 'nombet 'of the North can tiefiew fand the reader ample appirtunity to form conclusions from the facts and postulate offered. If he is not at a loss after penis ing the arguments as to which side to fa vor, the chances are that he will pin hi faith to the practical side of the question But it will be generally admitted tha General Dyrenforth rather detracts from the force of his argument when he says: As long ago as the time of Plutarch was "a matter of current observation tha cur Aineri is pi'ven his; own oc- war Young man—"I have a poem here." Editor (after examining it)—"Well, how does ten dollars strike you/' Young man—"That is really more thai I expected." Editor—"Well we can't publish such poem as that for less than ton." Reporter—"I have been assigned to interview a number of noted men on the subject of books which have most influenced them." Great author—"! understand." Reporter—"My question is this: What book has been to you the greatest stimulus to mental activity?" Great author—"An empty pocket-book." unusually heavy rains fall after great bat ties," and it is not impossible, according to the theory of the commingling of ai currents, that such rains might have been produced by the great battles of ancien times. Let ten thousand Greeks marci into battle chanting their '"paeans" anc shouting their "dlallas," beating tim meanwhile on their shields, while a hun dred thousand Persians are advancini against them, continually shouting thei terrible battle-cries; then let the grea armies rush together with the tumult o clashing swords and shields, the fierc shouting of the multitudes, the hoarse death cries and shouts of victory, ant rarely the sound waves rising from such a din will literally shake the heavens, am aie capable of producing so insignifican effect among the volatile currents of th< upper air. Moreover, the heat generated from the struggling masses and the mois ture evaporated from their perspiration would exercise a decided influence in disturbing-the equilibrium of the atmos pheric conditions. That mere armies of struggling men scarcely more consequential in the exteni of space than so : many fighting ants should be able to exert an influence on the clouds above so great as to produce rain verges closely on the ridiculous. When however, Gen. Dyrenforth commences to enumerate the 'many instances where rain had at once followed Leavy cannonading in war times he begins tos hake one's «nv viction about the impossibility of one cir cumstonce depending on the other, He cites many instances curring during the Franco-Prussian to prove the reasonableness of his theorj and then alludes, at sojne length to the publication many years ago by Mr. Ed. ward Powers, of Delevan, Wisconsin, of £ work entitled War and the Weather which contained many statistics concerning the sequence of rainstorms after battles. Prom the statistics published in Mr. Powers' book, it is found that heavy rains followed almost every engagement of importance during the civil war, and so far as can be ascertained, the same phenome non was common during tha Mexican war upon the arid cactus plains of that country. A notable instance of its occurrence during the Mexican war was at the battle of Buena Vista, fought on the 22d and 23d days of February, 1847, in the midst of the dry season in that region. The facts as they occurred on the second day of the battle, as related by Brevet Major General H. W. Beuham, of the United States engineer?, are as follows: Between 8 and 10 a. m. the artillery was engaged in heavy firing, and between 11 and 12 o'clock a "most violent rain" fell, the afternoon the cannonading was re- sunjed, and in about two hours after it ceased "another violent shower of rain iell." "And whatl consider the satisfactory proof," says Gen. Benham, "that this was caused by the shocks to the atmosphere produced by the cannon firing, is that no rain bad fallen in that vicinity for many months previously—I was told six or eight months—and none fell, as I know was tLe ewe, for three or four months after the battle, as I continued at that position. 1 ' The battles ot Palo Alto, the siege of Monterey, Contreras, Churubusco, Molino delRey and ChapulU pec were all fought during the dry season, which in Mexico is very severe, and each of these battles was 'ollowed by he^avy rains. Mr. Powers mentions 198 battles of the civil war, including every battle of importance, which vere immediately followed by rain, as he las definitely ascertained. These storms were generally heavy, but varied somewhat in proportion to the magnitude of life engagements. Army officers give their testimony that rain fell immediately after the'battle of Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorville, ,Shiloh, the Wilderness, Stone Eiver, Spollsylvania, 'Shelbyville, Cold Harbor, Chicamauga, Petersburg, Five Forks and Vicksburg. Gen. J. McNulta contributes this important straw to tho controversy: Soon after we crossed the Boston mountains (Arkansas) we found a light breeze blowing against the mountains from the opposite side. We had some artillerj firing—say thirty or forty rounds—near Lee s creek, early in the morning, with a clear sky. Here I remember that it WPS urged by some of our officers that artillery should not be used, en the small number of the enemy,B cavalry thut were on . .... .._. , |«ft*it of the enemy. W«. got the fain j ui less than two hours. After thft firinj ; after the capture of Van Bason alse we go rain in a few hours. : The results of Gen. Dyreniorth's recen experiments in Texas are almost too remarkable to be regarded as simple coin cidences. He thus tells of them: The first operation was made on Aligns 9, At this time the balloon aparatus hai not been set up, and only the first line o ground explosions was brought into ac tion. The ground batteries were operatec for about an .hour, beginning at 5 p. m August 9, and reopened again for a Shorter time about 7 p. m. The weather was clear on the 9th, and the barometer stoot at its normal height at 7 p. m. At noon of the 10th clouds began to gather directly over the ranch, and during the afternoon and the evening a very heavy rain fell,— nearly two inches,—transforming th roadways into rus_hingj torrents.and every holjow of the prairie into a small lake. The next important operation was per formed on August 18; the explosions bav ing been begun on the evening previous, s large quantity of oxbydrogen gas was use in the balloon explosions, while the groun batteries were kept in almost constant ac tion for twelve hours. The morning ha< dawned clear and beautiful, and neithe the appearance of the atmosphere nor th readings of the instruments gave any indi cation of aught but the fairest weather This state of the weather .continued unti late in the afternoon, when heavy cloud gathered and formed in the ; south am west, and at 5p.m. the operators of th ground batteries, which had kept up thei roar until that time, were forced to run for_ shelter through a drenching rain which fell in torrents for two and a hal hours over the entire southern and eastern portion of Andrews county and most o Midland county and those to the south an west of it. Late in the evening the writer drove in to Midland Station, a distance of 25 miles and it is safe to say that six or eight mile of the road traversed was flooded unde four to forty inches of water. The final operation of this series of ex pei-iuients was begun at 11 a. m. on th 26th day of August. At 3:30 p. m. o that day the barometric curve indicated a pressure of 26.93 inches, which is slightly below_ the normal for that hour at this elevation and locality, where the barome ter generally reads "very dry." The wet and dry-bulb psychrometer indicated a relative humidity of only 16, with the dew point at 42 degrees. The wind blew from the southeast (the usual direction) at a velocity of 18.8 mile per hour. The sky was clear, except for a few very light, scattered cumulus clouds which were estimated, by the movement of the balloons, to be at a height of more than two and one-half miles. Seven balloons, mostly of the large size were sent up in this operation. Two 10 foot balloons were exploded by means o. electric cable at a height of 1,000 feet, bui the explosions of the larger balloons wer< too terrific to Ue risked at so close a prox imity, and they were therefore fitted with fuses timed for two to six minutes anc allowed to attain altitudes of from one to three miles before exploding. The manner of operating the balloons was to fill them first to one-third their capacity by attaching them by pipes to a number of retorts containing chlorate oi potash and a small quantity of binoxide of manganese. When these retorts were passed through thu flames of gasoline fur naces set up in a large adrbe workshop, the potash being decomposed by the heat, gave off oxygen very rapidly. The balloon was then attached to the hydrogen generators and the inflation was completed with hydrogen. Tie hydrogen apparatus consists of three large tanks half full of water, with a half a ton of iron borings in the bottom of which sulphuric acid is slowly-decanted. The acid rapidly decomposes the water into its gaseous elements and the iron takes up the oxygen, leaving the hydrogen free to pass through a wash barrel into the balloon. While the balloons were being filled and exploded a tremendous "cannonading" was in progress all along the ground bat- :eries, and late into the night this firing was continued along a line a mile and a aalf in length. At ll'p.m. the-firing ceased; 'and our weary party immediately retired for the night. At 3 a. ..m., ^however, the heavy rolling of thunder disturbed the sleepers, ind, looking out to the we->t and north, leavy banks of cloud were seen advancing, (.'most constantly lighted by most brilliant ightning. An hour later the rain began :o fall in torrents on the ranch, and did not cease till 8 a. m. The northern portions of this county received the most thorough watering they have had for the past three 'ears, and the reports from incoming cow- )oys indicate that the storm extended over many hundreds of square miles. The results are extraordinary, to say he least, and Gen. Dyienforth natually has no hesitancy in claiming that his experiments resulted as satisfactorily as :ould possibly be hoped for. ; In combatting the artificial rain theory 3 rof. Newco'mb makes the introductory emark, after alluding to the wonderful accomplishments of science as exmplified n the telegraph, telephone and the steam- hip—"I am not going to maintain that we can never make rain." Continuing he ajs: "I unhesitatingly maintain that ound cannot make rain. * * * No ihysical fact ie better established than hat, under the conditions which prevail n the atmosphere, the aqueous vapor of iir cannot be condensed into clouds except iy cooling, * * * The cooling which results iu the formation of clouds and •ain may come in two ways." These are ;iven as follows: Rains which last for several hours or days are generally produced by the intermix- ure of currents of air of different temperatures. A current of cold air meeting a current of warm, moist air in its course aay condense a considerable portion of he moisture into clouds and rain, and his condensation will go on as long as he_currents continue to meet. In a hot pring clay u mass of air which lus been warmed by (he sun, and moistened by vaporation near the surface of the earth, .iay rise up and cool by expansion to near he frjezing-point. The resulting con- ensation of the moisture may then pro- uce a shower or thunder-squall. But tbe ormation of clouds in a clear sky without notion of tho air or change in the tern- erature of the Vapor is simply impossible. Ve know by abundant experiments that mass ot'_ true aqueous vapor will never oudense into clouds or drops so long as a temperature and the pressure of the air pon it remain unchanged. It M certain that some of th* not stand, in the extreme form in he has expressed them. He sajs, f or ample, that "a thousand detonation^ prodnce no more effect upon the air or ^ on the watery vapor in it, than a thousand rebounds of a small boy's rubber ball would prodnce upon a stone wall." i stone wall is inelastic. The atmosphere i» extremely elastic. And while the effect of the ball's blow on the stone wall b onrt to throw tte ball back again, a concussion in the air must produce waves of great extent r.nd force, leaving the atmosphew in a state of commotion unlike the immobility of wall. Again Prof. Newcotnb that -'if there is any scientific result whidi we can accept with confidence, it is that ten seconds after the sound of the lait bomb died away, silence resumed her sway. From that moment, everj thing b the air—humidity, temperature, pressure and motion—was exactly the same as if no bomb had been fired." That is another conclusion which seems to contain an excess of dogmatism, Did the professor ever throw a stone,violently into still water? If so, be must admit that it was much more than ten seconds bef ere everything was exactly as it was before, and the atmosphere is much more elastic than water. Professor Newcomb adds: It may be asked whether, if clouds are already formed, something may not ti done to accelerate their condensation inji raindrops large enough to fall to~TEel ground. This also may be the subject of experiment.. Let us stand in the stea- escaping from a kettle and clap our ban" We shall see whether the steam conden into drops. _ I am sure the experiment will be a failure; and no other conclusion is possible than that the production of rain by sounds or explosions is out of the question. It must, however, be added that the laws under which the impalpable particles of water in clouds agglomerate into drops of rain are not yet understood, and that opinions differ on this snbject. Experiments to decide the question are needed, and it is to be hoped that the weatb_er bureau will undertake them. For anything we know to the contrary, the agglomeration may be facilitated by smoke in the air. If it be really true that rains have been produced by great battles, we may say with" confidence that they were produced \>y the smoke from the burning powder rising into the clouds and forming nuclei for the agglomeration into drops, and not by the mere explosion. If this be the case, it was the smoke and not the sound that brought the rain. In conclusion Pro" Newcomb declares that, if we ever do learn to make rain, it will be by accepting and applying laws governing heat, force and vapor as laid down by science rather than in ignoring them. wisco-vsix >TEWS A penitent burglar has returned a $400 haul made from the s:ore of M. Harrington & Son at Dakota village a year ago. Richard Hawks, proprietor of Frawley house at Eau Claire, was arresteu for misappropriating §227 left with him by guests. The body of Mederic Robaige, a Canadian Frenchman, who disappeard Sunday night, was taken out of the Wisconsin River, at Tomahawk. • • Over 11,000 bushels of cucumbers have been shipped frooi Palmyra to the Milwaukee factory, representing a good profit to grower and dealer. Thieves entered Barbin & Nelh's gents' furnishing goods store at Kilbourn getting away with about §100 dollars worth of coining. ' -^ Welcher and Lettin, two prisoners wiio escaped from the county jail, at Wausau, last Sunday nieht by means of a lead key were caught about twenty miles east of this city. They made a desperate attempt to get away, but were forced to surrender or stand the chance of being shot. .A Reedsburg boy about 9 years of age' named Roper Fantick, fell from the railroad bridge about 10 feet on to some sharp rocks. His head had two large holes cut in it, ,and:he was cut badly about the arm's and legs. Property valued at $37,500 has been ariven to Milwaukee college by E. D. Bolton, on condition that the deed shall pass wben the endowment fund is increased to §75,000. Tobias Hamru, of Milwaukee, died Wednesday, at the age of 77 years. He was born in Rhenish Prussia and settled on a farm near Richfield in 1848. In i87i came to Milwaukee. Dyer & Martin, of Stevens Point have :aken a contract to bank between 40,000,000 and 50,000,000 feet of logs for Laird & Norton, of Winona. The contract amounts to between 8200,000 and $250,000 S. A. Cameron, a freight conductor on ;he Omaha road, was knocked insensible m a freight train at Hudson, by a low aridge. He was unconscious for two days 3is injuries are not fatal. A shanty fifteen milej north of Thorpe occupied byU. A. Bentley and C. D. Hart r mnters from Freeport, 111., caught fire ind the ocsupants narrowly escaped death. They escaped naked, all their clothing and ;uns having been burned. ELECTBOCUTIOX IN NEW YOHK. Detailed Report of fbe Lust Attempt Made Public. ALBANY, N. Y., Oct. 2.—Austin jathrop, superintendent of the state prisons, todav ga\e to the press a report of '.he details attending the execution of the our murderers at Sing Sins July 7. The report was first presented to Warden Brown by Chas. McDonald and Sam 3. Watt, who were the official physicians n charge of the, executiop. After giving ii detail the manner of the execution of each man the report concludes: "There was absolutely nowhere any smoking ir charring or burning. From the expe- ience had in these four cases we are in- Jined to believe that, while unconscious- less was instantaneous and continuous roni the first moment of each ontact, yet in order to insure hat death supervene as speedily as possible, it is necessary to continue a, current )t the voltage employed iu these cases fifty and sixty seconds." THE bank examiner has been, ordered to ake charge of the First National bank of 31earfield, Pa., which is reported in finan- ial trouble.
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