The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on October 12, 1892 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 12, 1892
Page 3
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THE UPPER DES MOINES, ALGONA. IOWA. MADCAP; STORY OF A SlK* yf B. MATHERa. CHAPTER IX. nn euros' wings immortal scnmlnls fly, Whilei virtuous actions nro but born to die. Wf Evre found Madcap stretched on ilffl looking so pale and wan that he -Siifonlv consider the consequences to couiuu ^ f hef toad p ran jj i -without ' himself at all as to what peo- , think of the prank itself. "friTthought she received him a little .flMlv but being conscious of some of£n«[toward her of late, he did not let his trouble him, and had m half won her back, when .next morning ence; and her pleasure in Frank's pom pany was that stru^lin* <nit m her of repressed mirth that had always made to h P r 1 and * to her this trouble him, and had m half won her back, when next be said he must leave her for a few OCTOBER 12. 18i»2. hours that he might make her apologies, and his own excuses, to the Duchess. Meanwhile, he said, Prank and the children would keep her company in the drawing-room (whithorho himself, had carried her, she being now much rested if only a wraith of her usual self) and to this Madcap eagerly assented' for the momentary wron-i she had done Hester lay heavily on her Boul and she passionately desired to send' some word that would show herself in less mean colors. "You shall go, on one condition," she said as he stooped his head to her—and half'unconsciously she noticed how gray he had lately grown—"that when vou come buck you will grant me any single request I may ask. Is that 8 ^He promised her liorhtly, much as once she had promised him something, and till now kept her word; then rode away, and she could not even pretend to a feelingof jealousy at his departure, she was so sure of her undivided empire over his heart. Hut Prank did not come that afternoon, though Mr. Eyre had written to bid him, and, indeed, produced a sensation in the Duchess's circle when he said, having made his wife's apologies and his own— "Lord Lovel would have ridden over wivh me, but he is keeping my wife company till I go back. You'll see him, no doubt, by evening." Mrs.Transome gasped, as she looked at this so-called man of the world, who acted so precisely like a fool; though when the Duchess had accidentally drawn him to the conservatory, an idea, worthy of the brain that originated it, occurred to her. . "Collusion," she said to herself; "and we are to be conveniently blind." And a third edition of the scandal was penned and posted that very afternoon to her gossips. . When Mr. Eyre returned to his wife, she reminded him of his promise. "What is it?" he said, his hold on her relaxing, as somehow Hester recurred to his mind. "I want to go to her," she said, with her arms close round his neck; "I've forgiven Frank, but I want her to forgive me!" , . . lie started up as though an adder had Btung him, anil tlie devils temporarily cast out in his breast returned sevenfold. 80 not only was he to be Hester's slave, but Madcap must be dependent on her good will likewise; fora moment his courage quailed at tlie miserable situation,"the next he turned to his wife, and said— . "It is not lit that you should associate with such a woman—yon owe some respect to yourself and me." But Madcap, weak and unstrung, witli something of the sick chilk's longing after a forbidden toy, only hid her face, crying, "You promised me; ami if I see her, I must speak to her.' "And so I am not suflicient to you, he said, pausing before he, "and you long for a change; even your childieu don't content you, and my wishes count "''llave'yo'u studied mine?" exclaimed Madcap, feeling more auger toward him than she had ever done before, llesiei is far nobler, better, more lit companion for me than your friend the Duciiess, whom vou forced me to visit-— „ "lam the best judge on that poinp., said Mr. Eyre; then abruptly changed the conversation, and though moie devoted to her than ever, would not suiiei her to even approach the subject wiui h And?meanwhile, the county lookejl upon Mr. Eyre as a man who deliberately connived at bis own dishono,, ana who, for suflicient reasons, encour.igeu his wife's companionship with ^oru Lovel on every possible occasion. He had never troubled himself to explain his wife's untimely ride to Lou)', explanations of all kinds he coidiaiiy abhorred: and so long as ho was satis- fled, it did not occur to him to thin* that any one else could be otherwise. Prank's account of it (in tlie nature of things) was not believed, while MM cap wal not even aware of the grave misdemeanor she had committed, ana it she had been called on to blame any body, would have blamed the ass,, wniio the Buke and Duchess, who had set out for Scotland immediately attei twnr party broke up, were not at hand to give a true version of the stoiy. t The few persons who did not accept the current one, and who, being old were merciful, said that perhaps t , roul dleaged man like Mr. Eyre could^i ot un derstand that two young, hign-sP 1 "" 3 . people, drawn together by tlie etena law that inclines like to like, might ,m time come to prefer eachothei s society t0 And I suppose that such a thing as falling out of love with a poison loi no particular reason, just as one raw suu denly tiro of a food or an ocoupa that has satislied one lor," our . ural enough. Unconsciously to oui selves, little things-trifles even may have been undermining a e *« £ u l regard, and one dav we avvaw»nw shock to the knowledge ™J* w "i ar \j ; most valued has torfeitec lo u ie~ * j that by no conscious volition or ou own he has been tried by, a isecl ^ ssed bunal within us, and soawiv w» p upon him; so that it is a.coipse oniy deeply as we may regret », i'"r; e ;^ er ly a's ?ve may seek .to/eoaU onig^ died —laughter and jast that t, a t-n,«,i "1° meanill S to older ears, are natural and easy to youn? spirits who look out upon life with clear eyes and unshadowed hearts, that meet happiness half way, and to whom the hues of sunshine are more natural than those ot night. Only to Prank the attitude of matters was less pleasant. If he could, for an hour, throw himself into her brilliant happiness, he afterward suffered Ion" hours ot anguish that brought the sweat to his brow—he was but a man, and he must love her all in all, or not at all— her very virtues to her husband, her exquisite devotion to her children, but made him love her the more passionate- y as thinking of what a wife she would have made himself—the cruelest thrust with which a woman can stab a des- carded lover's heart is when, in after years, she shows herself a wife beyond temptation, a mother more beautiful in her motherhood than she ever was to mm in the hayday of his youth and fancy. At about this time, but for his solemn promise to Mr. Eyre, Prank would have run away—he could tell a lie to save Madcap, but to act the part of her playfellow and friend was another matter, and, unfortunately, he entertained a line conviction that he would have made her a far better husband than Mr. Eyre had ever done. If he had (lamed out once to her face, and told her that God makes man and woman, but the devil invents the cant word ot friendship between two of opposite sexes and similar ages, she might have drawn batik from him us a scorpion, and despised him as before; but he had not such strength of cruelty or selfishness, and let her seem to lead'him as she willed. And gradually the estrangement between Madcap and her husband grew, for she could not forgive his hardness to Hester, and refusal to herself, while the slight coldness shs hadlatelv shown witn wmcn ne wore nis nonors as a modern Lovelace. The women's inuendoes. and the. men's open congratulations on his success, sent Frank horns with such a sick feeling of the powerlessness of calumny, that for three davs after his return he could not bring himself to approach the lladHall. But Mr. Eyre, who had watched his wife narrow'y, thinking that she drooped in Prank's absence, sent him a private word, begging him to come over next day. and/himself unobserved, was witness" to the scene between them when they met. Madcap was sitting in her favorite nook of the garden with a scrap o needlework in ner hand, and a nursery book on her knee, out of which she wa teaching the children to spell, when looking up, she saw Frank coming, am started up all rosy with delight. And first Doune threw down his book, and rushing to the young fellow, got hold of his hand and shook it man-fashion; then Dody got his other, and must kiss his "dear, beautiful Prank," and so reach his shoulder; then Madcap advanced and placed her little hand and thimble in his unoccupied one, so that unconsciously they made one of those most beautitul pictures that the ctizsr may be permitted to think so much tlio finer because it never painted. Mr. Eyre looked on contented. This was sis it should be. When feeling the vital forces decaying within him, he thought he had resigned himself willingly to death, seeing happiness for Madcap with Prank in the future. In that curious sense of dual % existence that had long possessed him, be seemed at that moment to be looking on at something that had been, or was about to be, no sense ol' outrage to himself piercing the insensibility that enwrapped him; but Prank, catching sight of that face beyond, and as though n glance had power to dissolve the group, Madcap and the boys were leit behind, and the two men brought face to face. "All well, Prank?" said Mr. Eyre, brought realities by the grip of no Saul, looUinct up. nor tips quivering. You should have thought of that before, lam niraid—even to oblige you and the Duchess-it is too late now. "I was thinking of .Frank.' said Mi. Eyre, not yet free of his character ot oil-looker. , „ , "And of course Frank is the first consideration," said Madcap gravely, with a suspicion, of mischief playing round her mouth. ,, , , Mr. Eyre turned quickly, and looked at her. As their eyes mef, something in hers tuned to stone in his breast to a living thing that leaped toward her, and broutrht him to her side. "Madcap." he said, and the old masterful rinir had come buck lo his voice, the old lire to bis eyes, "yon wont rather be up at the lU'd lliill than here!;' A deep blush gathered on Madcaps face as she glanced up at the worn ami weary face that hud for a moment regained all its eharm. then, half turmiui tiwav, pave him one of those sudden sweet looks that none but a good woman knows how to give, and then on y to the man whom she purely and deeply loVI'9. , "And could you think of my lovina anv one—or of any one but my husband Manure the Grass. Invin-r inc.; 1 " she slid in a whisper. "And did you admire the Duchess?" she sidd d anxiously. "Not 1; but you admired I ranlt.' "lN(- 1 li.ved him. I do love him," she addul -.Tavely. "Yon see, ho is so fond of tin- children, and, then," here lit;i 1 dimples been sacrili iind why not s crillco ourselves we art) ii'.'.'-' '•• ! " (To be continued.) Drones Meeting u Virgin iitren, nun, uiuu, • m-i« | grasses to Diing aul out, "lately wo have ) imich desired and •• ouch other for I- rank; .. m mber tlmt K r crilU'H ourselves wiule itmimoLi ui.ii, M him, though it pierced the man's heart to its core, aroused his pride, so that it seemed easier to him to let go than entreat her to remain beside him. Each day he grew less a companion to Madcap, shrouding himself from all communication witli his fellows, and often speaking and moving like a man in a dream, though at times he would be inspired with those violent spirits that by somn are looked upon as the forerunner of death or disaster. A curious observer would have noticed that Mr. Eyro constantly put Prank forward to perform those little acts of attention to which she was accustomed from himself, and Madcap's pride being touched, she took them willingly, and grew into the habit of looking to Prank on every occasion, and that, too, without any apparent disrespect toward her husband. Her health was so sound, and her spirits so good, that often Mr. Eyre would forget her situation, nor feel that it called for any special tenderness from himself. Indeed, it was his settled aim at this time to repress each impulse toward her as it arose, so that after a time the habit of coldness seemed fixed; and a stranger seeing the two together, might have supposed this proud, reserved man to be bitterly repenting the folly that had joined him to the joyous trirlish creature that lie called wire Perhaps Dody was the only one who got a peep into her real heart at that time, or saw the tears that never fel save when her arms were round him Perhaps, too, he guessed the cause o them, for one dav, as he kissed her eyes dry, lie exclained triumphantly— "Daddy makes you cry—I maka you W Mr. Eyre would have Prank at his ho'use at all hours, and the children must go to the Towers and fetch him it a day passed without his appearance; and often from his window Mr. Eyre would look out at these two young people, and the happy children, tee ing himself as far away from all four as thou"-h he inhabited another world; but no twinge of healthy jealousy or pain moved him, a profound apathy held him in its grip. If formerly ho had struggled against fate, now he seemed pas- lively to resign himself to it; or rather, having decided on his course, he permitted himself, to drift wit .the current feeling no strivings ot love, soi- row hate, revenge; and even looking on Hester one dav. when she crossed his patli in t e v ilW with an indifference the young fellow's hand. "All well." said Prank, with a sigh. "The Duke's white-washing has taken effect, and I am accepted by the county. But what does it mattery" be added quickly. "Madcap is out of spirits, and you are looking ill." "I've not slept since yesterday," said Mr. Evre. "We will go out, and you shall take us through your woods;" and IB stepped through the open window with Prank beside him. lie noted, il did not inquire into, the blush with which Madcap met them: but as they took their way to the Towers :i curious sense of unreality possessed him, and an odd idea occurred to his mind. He thought that he was dead, and that these two, whose happy voices and laughter sounded in his ears like echoes from a great distance, were living, and he, all unseen, a spirit who kept pace beside them, and of whose presence they were ignorant, as-liis memory by them was forgotten. He seemed to walk on air, his head light as Ins shadow cast before him, down a long, long arcade that had no ending, and m which he was doomed to walk with these two who knew him not, forever, though with it all he had a vague sense that he was asleep, and dreaming over again something that had happened to him yesterday, or the day before. Air, sky, and earlh were lulled to an exquisite calm; the very birds; cheated into the belief that spring had come again, poured out their songs as sweetly as in that brief time of love and hup- The Rev. W. T. Taylor, of La Porle, la., says hi a recent number of the A. B. J. It was my pleasure yesterday lo witness a sight I have longed to see for years—and thank Providence for the privilege. About one P. M. a virgin .queen, urged strongly by the bees to go out of the hive of a nucleus colony, Irlcd several times to fly but failed. Then I caught her and tossed her up in tlie air, and discovered that she could not fly. Next I picked her up, and sac- ing her run about on my carried her left to within about 10 feet of One.of our exchanges says in iv recent editorial on the above subject: Where to put the manure is a iiuestkm tlmt many of our readers sire at present asking themselves. Strange to say, there is still a common belief in the erroneous idea that the oat stubuK's should have the manure, so that after being plowed in the spring tlwy may give a good crop of com. L'lie more we learn of the manuring questlo.n the more we nro convinced that such practice is not profitable. Where the stubbles have to be manured there is something seriously wrong with the crop rotation of the farm. Corn, without any doubt whatever, should follow grass, and especially clover. Where this Is done the crop goes upon the land that is at tmee rich and clean; whereas, stubble land Is already partially worn out and apt to be rendered more weedy i by manuring with stable manure. Jt is quite true Unit apparently grass land should be rich enough for corn without manure, but that is not the reid "rub" of the question. 1» the land rich enough to grow clover? should be the question. We may seed our worn land to clover and timothy and expect these grasses to bring the recuperation so needed; but we must grasses like every plain, must draw very much of their nourishment from the soil, hence there must be ample food in the earth before a nuix- iimfe crop of clover and grass can bo produced from It. It has been quite clearly proved and demonstrated that clover enriches laud in great measure by reason of its root tubercles, which derive nitrogen from the air; but to gain this benefit one must ilrst have clover roots. Weak clover has weak roots and weak roots have but few tubercles; therefore, to t.'iirleii die soil quickly we must have strong clover plants, which with their multiplicity of roots Infested by tubercles, derive the greatest amount of nitrogen possible. The clover ulaiits canuot be expected to grow "strong and "rooty" without food, and so Uie clover crop must be manured freely. It Is coinmon- moving the sfrakes temporarily or (Wishing afterwards. 5. tn tnkliiH up the trees from nursery, see that roots are taken u fool long, lo hold Ihem firmly willu staking. . , , 0. If planted in autumn, ptilvemo tin crust of the soil early in spring and sev- cral times afterwards; and it, set hi Spring pulverize it as soon as any crust is formed. . 7. Keep the soil clean, mellow and well cultivated all lUrtmsh spring and summer at least, three feet on each side. • S. Tills eloan culture is tlie bout treatr incut, ujxt to which Is middling with decayed straw cr coarse litter. 0. I,el the hob's for receiving the roots of the young trees be so wide and deep to place the roots an 'nch or two a queeuless colony that 1 had just fed piness. It was the hour of the year's repose, the quiet folding of its hands as it sank peacefully to sleep, its preparations over, its fruits garnered in, like one of those saintly lives whose evening is even more satisfying than us visrorons, striving youth. Half wav down the avenue Madcap paused si-cldcnly, as the regular blow of a woodman's ax sounded in the uis- Ilark!" she cried. "You are cutting down these trees!" and she turned to Prank with eyes of reproach. "It is only the wookpecker," he said. "No " he added in a tower tone, "not one of these lofty glorious heads ever fell at my bidding,—never shall as loir; as I live. There is something appalling even blasphemous to me, 111 the sight of one of these monarchs, that careless BiiU^nit«ist"¥«nx««»" Somethiii" of the change m . his face, it moved her more with the irritation have weathered so many storms, ing to earth at the bidding or m God To be rent by a thunderb grand, but to be hewn down by the a degradation." ..... crash- n, not thunderbolt is ax her at any s talo as did, with Mr, a curly head make women the _„„ ,.,j tllUV i*wv»---- for while her whole soul on Mr. Eyre's love and sueu p gayety natural to her ley never found tree the aiiifeharao ed. a degradation. ,•,,•, "It is like a human life," said Madcap, looking wistfully up at the interlaced boughs overhead. "How much better to be struck down by one blow— the short sudden. pang quickly over, bearable because of the happiness and vicor lasting to the end, than to die cradually-nrst one's illusions, then hopes, then perhaps love, then, by and by youth, and one's soul and heart dy- intr last of all." Prank's eyes sank; he supposed her to be thinking of Hester, but Mr. Evre looked up, while Dody, struck by the word die, exclaimed— ....... , "Don't die. mummy; don't die," and clung with desperate fondness to her hand, while Doune announced his intention of killing any one who hurt her, with his new pocket-knife. "You have overtired yoursejt," exclaimed Prank, seeing how white she had suddenly gone; and as he spoke, she staggered slightly, and involuntarily putting out her hand, seized that of M It warlike a stray clasp recalling a wandering soul to earth. IL> took the hand, and drew it under his arm, look- inc down at her with a glance tnat made her steps still more uncertain as they traversed the remainder of the aV Job saw them approaching, and in- dulced in a pantotniue thac exprafs -u intense hatred of something or somebody though when they had entered the house he was assiduous in bringing wine, and waiting upon .Mrs. Eyiv, who had long ago won us heart. When she was settled man oasy- chair by the library window. Prank took the children away, looking back once as he went to where she sat. as m bvcone years he had so often pictured her sitting as his wife; though tnis was a paler Madcap than the one ho had b0 .Pn iiVJluee to dream in," she said almost timidly, when she found hersell alone with Mr. Eyre, her eyes turning from the avenue to glance around the room in which she sat, lolly ami beautiful with its ceiling and walls of oak, blackened with age, am decorated \v> h arms and trophies ot the chase. 1J u Mr Eyre rioted that a blood-red stain was thrown across her bosom from the stained glass of the upper wmduw. in which the colors glowed like a tulip- bed through which the sun is filijniiiif. "And to be happy in as well," said Mr Evre. "And this was to have been your tiome, Madcap. HOW much pore *SfSSSWSBEB ^'jffUffia jS&M8ffl| ,d enraged * UtJ w W ' "Are vou sorrv that 1 a<a not herai" < some honey a few minutes before, and, to my astouishmeul, the drones came rushing about this queen on my hand like mad hornets. One drone threw her over on her side, but she was 011 her feet in an instant. Several drones gave her each a tap, and then left. In a short time Uie buzzing stopped, and the drones all went back to their hive. But not one of these drones.left any of the sex-organs adhering to the queen. I do not know that this queen is pregnant, but I shall watch her closely for the next two days to see when eJie begins laying, and whether she attempts to leave the hive again. I have believed during the vast that the reason the bees from one queen vary so much in color, is because the queoii en her welding-tour meets and copulates with different drones of various stripes. Then my observation has been tbat only about one-fourth of the queens that become fertilized carry enough of the vital fluid with them. received from the drones, to be visible to tlie naked eye at all. I have watched some virgin quccni-3 very closely, have seen them come out of the hive as many as a half-dozen times, then I have opened the hive and scrutinized the queen very closely, but could see no trace of fertilization until the next two days, then I would see the abdomen begin to enlarge, and know in this way that she had met some drones; for she would begin to lay at the appointed time. One fact is now settled, namely, that the queen attracts the-drones, and not the drones the queen. Tlie many are attracted toward the one, and not the one toward the many. Another truth is, that the queen must, be "on the spree." or have the desired sexual-Impulse to attract the drones. A few weeks ago when there were some 30 virgin queens on the wing one day, I observed that the drones were so excited as lo fly in and out of their. hives like robber bees. Yes. reader, the drone fills his mission well in life, and if we find we can do as well as he, wo shall fell well at the close of life. ly believed that cutting clover with the mower tends to make tlie plants stronger below the surface, but it. should likewise be remembered—and especially as regards clover that has been cut tlie second time—that the lacerated plants require manuring and mulching lo carry them through the winter in gootl health. From what has been said, we fancy it will be clearly seen that the proper place to put mariire this fall winter is upon fiio hay meadows, and especially upon such US -~ doeper'than before, and to give Uiein abmuh'iit room without bending. 10. Shorten back and thin out needless shoots on the head, that tlie head may l)e no heavier than the strength of the roots can sustain lirmly. Ll. When cutting baok elinotu to make the head light, always do It before the buils swell or open. 12. Cover the newly-set roots with llnelvi'i'lveri/.'jd earth, piv^i'ng it well, mid'leaving no cavities nor interstices ti m>ing them. i:V. Nevrr hill up the earth aronuil thn trees, but keep it lev;-!, clean and n.i'llow. 1.1. On good level farm ground nevv-.r l-l.iut the lives of a peruiaiuMit orchard i.carcr than 33 or .'!5 feet apart. Teio piii'nry trees may bo nearer. 10. 'Plant young lives not moro than two years from the bud or graft. Tlwy are easily dug with better roots, hold mire firmly in the ground, and atnrt lino vigorous growth again with USB check in growth.' .!(.. Treatment must vary with localities. In most regions ihd orchards fil.ould be cultivated with -jora nr ulhisr hoed crop for some years till Ihoy bo- glu fairly lo bear, after which they may. be seeded to grass If «ra/.fl s-'iort through Ihe season with slu-.p and annually top-dressed wllh barn manure; or they may be seeded to clover if it is under every alternate year or substituted with manure. Errors to avoid are, culling tho roots vi ry shorl when digging up; leaving a bi,; lop and small bottom; exposing the roots several hours to wind and lam, crowding the roots 'n a cramped bole; filling In among tlum with clods uii'l sods and leaving lar?e interstices; planting the trees in crowed rows, nicking it difficult to cultvai.} w-.-ll: allowing the young orchard to grow no with weeds and grass, becoming stuut- Str.nv Hoe-Illvcs. the bees, ripened and been sw;»«Ssft had come that so answer; with and the hatred, of thedlalnow Mr. Frank McNiver, of New Jersey, In the American Agriculturist, gives the following description of the old "straw bee hives," still used in some parts of Qpnnany, we believe: While the old. straw cone-shaped bee hive is referred to in hundreds of works on bee-keeping, anil in encyclopedias, we do not now remember of ever reading any direction for, or description of, their n'ciiufactiire. It may be that authors generally have considered tlie process too simple to need describing, for those hives are usually made of braided straw forming ropes an inch or or two in diameter, and these are laid around a form of the required size, and then skewered together to give solidity, and keep the hive in shape Avbeii removed. A full size straw hive will hold about three pecks, but tliey are sometimes smaller. They . have been generally discarded because Ihey afford an excellenl hiding place for Ihe worms of the bet--moth, and are very difficult to keep clean, and in no way superior to hives made of pine boards, which are also cheaper and far more convenient for dividing swarms, removing surplus honey, etc. portions as may be urgently requiring it, as shown by thu light growth of grass. Where by reason of tlie rotation practiced it becomes necessary to mamivc the stubble for com, tlie matter is different; still it would in our opinion be better to manure what grass there is and on the stubbles take another crop of oars and seed it out to grass and clover. It must not be understood that what wo have said in the foregoing altogether applies to the old meadows, for wo are of the opinion that In very many instances it is the new seeded grass land that most require feeding. While it is known that the grass seeded in oats went on impoverished land tlie latter should be the first to receive a goodly application of manure which should bo distributed ns thoroughly as possible to give the best results. In hauling out the manure that has accumulated during the summer season it is best, to take the oldest first for already it has lost part of its value and "Would grow poorer by maining longer lo "weather" in the open air. This manure being "short" is the more easily spread and should, therefore, be applied to such portions of tlu) meadows as may require it', while the new made manure may go upon Ihe parts that are naturally strong but in need of mulching for winter. Where there is more manure than, is needed to give the meadows a good coating the next most deserving place is the pasture unless It bo that some land other than grass is intended for potatoes or rools the coming year in which case this should have the preference and the top dressing should be deeply plowed under before winter. As staled heretofore in these columns we are of the opinion that clover upon rich land requires mulching more than fertilizing, therefore the poorest grasses should get the best manure, while the rest will merely require a light scattering of strawy manure. By besl manure we mean that which will do most good before winter and this of course is the older manure which can be easily distributed among the ioot.» of the planls. After Ibis is done an implication of strawy manure will also be useful as a mulch and we have come to the conclusion that whore food is not really required a mulching with short straw will 'do great good. In conclusion we ara of the opinion that the chief point in fertilizing western farms is to deal most liberally with Ihe crop that will best fertilize, viz., clover. Peed tlie clover and it will return compound Interest for all that it has ro ceh-ed; feed the stubbles and there remains a task thai has annually lo be repeated. Good grass needs food anc well fed grass means general richness of Ihe farm. ed and mouse-eaten; and allowing caterpillars, canker-worms, codling molhB and horera lo spoil the trees nnd rulft tlie fruit, without half tlie labor which planters are willing to devote lo their potatoes and corn. Curing for Fodder. With many western fanners, corn- * fodder is the principal dependence for roughness during the winter and, especially so, for feeding growing cattle, rroperly managed cattle can be wintered ou comfodder alone, but whether or not they make any considerable growth depends largely upon tlie treatr incut. It will require very heavy feeding to bo ablo to make any considerable gain by relying wholly upon corn- fodder if no shelter is provided. With all animals, the animal heat must come from the food and if stock are exposed, more food will be required than when sheltered and as heat and life must come first under average conditions of feeding very little gain will be secured by the stock when no shelter is provided, if roughness alono is depended upon for feeding says an exchange. The qualily of the feed Is an Important factor. If Ihe fodder is cut late, set up hi small shocks and allowed to stand in the field exposed to wind, sun, rain and enow Us value as food is very much lessened. To be of the best quality, comfodder should be cut in good season, carefully shocked up and as soon as thoroughly dried out Hie fodder should be hauled in. As with hay and straw, the best plan is to store under shelter, but this cannot always be done and the next best plan is to stack or rick up. By doing this there will bo a considerably loss quantity exposed to the \venthor and it will mice a bolter few!'than if left in small hocks in the field. Good feeding racks should be pro- Mod so that there will be as littlo vasto in feeding as possible. Whether fed in stables or sheds or in feed ots, good mangers or racks will ma- erially lessen the waste in feeding ind if the stock is to be wintered eco- lomlcally it is very necessary to avoid waste in feeding as much as possible, then if the animals are well sheltered ind bedded liberally they can be kept ;hrifty on roughness alone and ought to be kept at a low cost. It always pays to keep the stock thrifty even at the expenses of additional feed, as gly* ing only enough to barely keep, without securing any gain is so much added to the cost of keeping the stocfc without realizing nil adequate return. C1IAPTKK X. life Hr?Eyre% ^"jayTfoa neighboring parted for»*»« haBa >ftched the women. Lieutenant Peary is to be congratulated upon the result of his exploring trip to Greenland. He was received with honors in Philadelphia on his return to that city, and it is admitted that his researches have added something of value to geographical knowledge ns well as shown a possible route for' more extended explorations. And these explorations will never cease until the pole is reached. Rules for Orchards, In setting out new fruit gardens 01 orchards, use sixteen rules: 1. Select a good soil, where r.roe naturally grow well, thus securing ad vantages. 2. Plow deep, and if cullivated with hoed crops for a year or two previously all Ihe belter, and pulverize well. 3. Lay out the lines hi straight rows according to the directions and illustra tions given.sonie weeks ago in Ihe Coun try Gentleman. 4. Labor will be saved by runulu? th plow several limes in one direction, jnake t)ie earth, deep ft n d mellow, re The first woman admitted to the bar in America was Arabella Mansfield, of Iowa, in 1809. Now there are seven women lawyers .practicing before lha, United States supreme court, and a largo number have, been admitted to general practice. A woman who possesses tlie accoin- 1 plishment—now rare—of being able to.. speak the Irish language is Kathleen Huppinan, of Philadelphia. She is '• past iiinely, and her choicest relic o{* her old home is a letter written by- Robert Emmet. The fellow who gets around exhibits no intrigue but is stapjy^ obeying an IrresUblo impulse pf lure.

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