The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on September 7, 1892 · Page 9
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 9

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, September 7, 1892
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THE UPPER DBS M01NES, ALGONA, IOWA, WttttKttsn AV. SEPtEMBEU ?* 1B[)2. JAPANESE COURTSHIP. tt neftnlt* In Fewer Unhappy Than In Most Conntilc*. A Japanese courtship, writes a Japanese correspondent, is a tery serious affair, and is not carried on in the free and easy style of America. Indeed, the principal parties do not appear mitil quite a late day in the proceedings. Generally when a son reaches a marriageable age the parents select u young lady whose social position and accomplishments apear to them suitable, and .request a mutual friend of both par- -tles, who is called a Nakodo. or middleman, to break the subject to the .pnrents. The mutter is laid before them, and before an answer is given the j-oung man's antecedents are look• ed into. If everything is satisfactory, the young lady is asked her opinion on -the subject; and as children in Japan regard the wishes of their parents to :i great degree, the answer is invariably, Yes. Let me here remark, that young ladies are generally very well satisfied, and there are fewer unhappy marriages in Japan than in many other countries where greater liberty is allowed to .young people. The reply of the bashful maiden is conveyed to the midOleman, and by him carried to the parents of the groom-elect, nud then opportunity Is afforded for tiie young people to meet each other, always, be it remembered, in the presence of the older members of the family. Presents are Interchanged. The bride is supplied by her future husband with trousseau, and "sometimes a considerable sum of money changes hands. A lucky day having been decided upon, invitations are sent out to friends and relatives. About eight o'clock in the evening the company begin to assemble at the groom's house. If the wedding takes .place at the house of the bride, it iudi- cates that the groom is adopted into lier family, drops his own name, takes hers, and assumes the reins of government in the household, her father liav- i Ing abdicated hi the young man's favor. 'This is not an infrequent occurrence. The house is decorated for the occasion with fine embroidered ka-ke-mo-uo (hanging pictures) and gayly painted (screens (Bio-Bu); the to-komo-ma, in- raised platform where repose household gods, is laden with fresh flowers, while around the house twinkle many gayly colored lanterns, giving a festive air to everything. The middleman, who at a wedding plays a conspicuous part, is there with his wife. The young groom occupies the mat at his left hand. Everything being in readiness, the bride appears in midst of a crowd of attendants .and young lady friends. She is attired in a rich white kimono (robe) heavily embroidered with gold; but her face is entirely concealed by a White silk veil. She advances bashfully into tho room, and seats herself beside the wife of the Nakodo. Near them is a small table, upon which are all kinds of lish and A egtita- bles and sweetmeats plentifully placed, and a curious two-spouted vessel containing sake (rice spirit). JNo vouae (priest) appears, as tho ceremony is a civil contract. The groom, having lifted tho vessel to his forehead, drinks, and presents the opposite side to his future parturr, who in return imbibes. This is repeated Jthrice, when the couple become man /•and wife, and friends crowd around to r present congratulations. In tho midst '••of this the bride retires, but soon re• appears in :m entirely diffei-eut costume and without her veil. Dancing and singing {mis now make "their appearance, for a Japanese pays '"for dancing Instead of exhibiting before •'<rfhors himself; and for a while the company is diverted by tho plaintive ditties to the accompaniment of the samisen •• (banjo or guitar), and koto (stringed iti- . struinent like a harp). A feast Is spread and the inner man Tefreshed with a great variety of delicacies. Finally, after the newly mnr- • -vied couple have withdrawn, tho party breaks up, almost at midnight. The next clay tho married couple go '•'"to the temple and Avorship in tho 'Church of their religion. They visit also n few intimate friends and tho NnUodo, to return (.hanks for their marriage. A few days after, tho bride's parents invite many of their friends and rein- tlves, and give a grand feast, on tho uged the offrctata of the Toombs. A petition was even issued .to the president. It was taken to Washington and laid before the chief magistrate by the mother'nnd wife of Gortlon. who were indefatigable and Untiring in then- efforts. But it was of no avail. The president's iron-bound determination could not bo shaken. He would not. even commute the sentence to life imprisonment. Tlu; last night of his life he spent in writing letters. He asked towards morning for some fresh water anil it \\as thought, he poured some-thing hi rhe silas*. This suspicion was con- tinned when he'shortly afterwards became violently ill. Physicians Were summoned and by prompt and heroic measures h<> was defeated in his purpose to cheat the gallows. He was hanged early next morning after making a long speech denouncing the president, the district attorney and sill all whom he considered InaUiuncut- il in his untimely end. occasion of the daughter after he lirst visit marriage. of their The married couple then receive congratulations all round from both friends and relatives. Subsequently they start, on their honeymoon journey to some famous place of amusement or Interest. IN SEARCH OF A FATHER. COlfJS. A t-lat of Dates and Figure* Which Arc Now Tho i.:ist Shivo Ship. York World: I-ylng alongside the Mast river at Iho foot of Seventh street is a battered aud damaged old craft which is being repaired as well as possible under tho direction of Mr. Andrew lu'id. a well known ship builder. On her stem in faded white letters can be read Kcho, Now York. Although she has now sunk to tho lowly condition of a more lighter, this old boat has seen stirring and better days. The Kcho is tho last boat in existence that was once engaged in the slave trade. Her captain was a certain, Nnthan Gordon, who was nuiiged on Feb. 21, 1S02, iu tho Toombs. There aro persons at the Toombs now who remember the day Gordon entered Us walls. It Avas iu' the early days of Jjlncolu's administration. The president had determined to enforce the law against fho slave traders, wliich liad previously boon a dead letter, aud tho extreme penalty of whldli was death. Cordon was taken red-handed, ns it were, being captured with a cargo of blacks aboard, it is said that an opportunity Avas, given him to escape before he reached Now York, but he refused to avail himself of it, as ho eald he had done nothing he considered unlawful. Floods of letters del- An Knocli Arileii Story, thc H«TO of Which Una Dlsnpppnrod. A remarkable story has just come to light, says a St. Louis correspondent It almost paralles the story of Enoch Ardeu, except that 'this Euoch has nor, returned. It velates to the comma to this country of a family of wealth front Scotland, the disappearance uf the father, who went to the Mexican war. his reported death, the subsequent marriage of the mother, scattering of the children, the reported deatli of a brother years afterward, and tiie dis covery by a young sou more than forty years after the father's disappearance that ho had survived tho war,. a.?id as far as all records showed was still alive; also the discovery of tho sou reported dead, followed by a reunion of the mother and her children. The son who made tlia discoveries did so while looking up family history. He has not yet informed ills now aged mother of the discovery, nor will lie-, do so unless he finds his father. The name of the father is Hugh Campbell; that of the son is William W. Campbell. He is a lawyer living in Pittsburg. aud tells tho story of the hunt, for his family's history and the subsequent search for his father. In 1840 Hugh Campbell left the little town of Paisley, Scotland, to come to America. With him came his wife, a Miss Agnes Joues.of Ayr, and his almost baby sons. Their arrival in St. Louis was conctu-rent with the br»ak- ing out of the Mexican Avar, and companies of volunteers were recruiting to go to the front. Among them wa-i the company of Capt. Jenkins, and one night Hugh Campbell .lohied tho company and went to the war. He AA r as in the same command with Geu. fj S. Grant. He behaved gallently, aud in due time UOAVS came that he had been promoted to major. Latter a inest-age came telling of lu's death AA'hlle leading a charge in battle. Shortly afterward tho young widow with her children AA'ent to Pitts 1 .:urg. She married Henry O'Neill and moved to West Vlrglua. Tho money left by her liusbaud enabled her to educate her children, aud John and young Hugh, inheriting tho talent of their father, became manufacturers aud went, back to St. Louis. They afterward separated and Hugh weat west and .John south, Avhore it was reported rhii': h-i died. William studied law. The mother Avith her second husband, O'Neill, moved to Iowa, whore O'NeiO. died. She Avent back to West Virginia, where she married John B. Davis, with AA'hom she is still living at the ago of about sixty-six years. About two years ago Willinm C'nnip- bell concluded he Avould take a rest from his hiAA r practice, and bc^.nn a search into the antecedents of his family. He lirst got all his mother knew. Then he went to Washington ami began a search of tho records of the ?\fex- Ican Avar in the Avar department. Here, to his great surprise, he found that his father had boon mustered out of tho service honorably, in St. Louis, in 1848. Three Aveeks ago Camp!»ll w«nt to St. Loui.s. Since then ho has adopted every means for tracing the missing man. The cemtv;ery records havo all boon searched, but no trace of the doath of Hugh Campbell can bo found. All the records of the health dep-irt^ent have been gone over, but no trace, found. In the probate records the result was the same. Search Avas then made among the old Scotch residents. Several remembered Campbell. It Avas learned that ho had Avorriod over not finding his young Avifo on his return. The son now tu.nks it is probable that his father may have gone back to Scotland in search of her, thinking that, on hearing of his death, she had returned to her native land. A peculiar feature of the search is that, it revealed tho fact that tho brother John AVIIS yet alive, aud resulted in a pleasant reunion of mother and chitareu. "If yon come across an old collection of copper cents hi an out-of-the-wviy comer," says the Washington Star, "you will do Avell to examine their dates , carefully. From the point of view of j the numismatist, their value depends ' largely upon their condition. For ex- j simple, for a cent of 17!H) in a fair st.-ite j of preservation AVe pay $5, but for a I specimen of the same issue in first-rate j condition we would pay from .?10 to ?2o. and tor a perfect cent Of 17!in— that is. as bright niid sharp as the day IU AVOS coined—we Will pay $100. "The bronze cents such as are in circulation IIOAV. Avero first coined in 1SC4. None of them bears ;i premium except the issue of 1877. AVhlch is valued at 3 cents. hViinc of Iho old-fashioned half cents are high-priced. On a. basis of fcood condition, the half-cent of 1790; is Avorth $15. The issues of 1831, 3830, 1S40 1848. 1S4'J and 1852 fetch ?3 each, while those of 1703, 17!)5 and 1802 we Avill pay §1 apiece for. None of tho nickel cents is Avorth u premium except that of 1850. Avitli a flying eagle, which you can sell for ?2. A 5-cent nickel of 1877 is worth 51, and a nickel 5-cent piece of 1S7S has'a market value of 15 cents: there is no premium on those of any other year. Nickel 3-ceut pieces of 1877 AA-O pay 75 cents each for, while those of 1.878, 1SS2, 1885 and 1880 are worth 5 cents each; none of the others bears a premium. If you are so lucky as to get hold of a bronze 2-ceiit piece for 1873 you Avill have iio difficulty hi disposing of it for $1, but no othor issues have any extra A r nlue. "The rarest and most desirable coin of the regular mint series is the silver dollar of 1804, which' is worth .fGOO. It is necessary, hoAvever, that the authenticity of the specimen shall:be fully proven, as there are many altered dates in tho market, as AA'ell as 'restrikes' made at a later period. The silver dollars of 1704, 1838, 1839, 1851 and 1852 are Avorth ?25 each. Avhlle that of 1858 is valued at §15 Silver half-dolars. of ITOti and 1.797 are worth 825 each; the issue of lS5!i, without arnrwheads or rays, AVC will.pay $15 for, and for that of 1838, with a small V under tho bust, AVC offer $10. A silver quarter- dollar of 1827 is valued at $40, while the issue of 1823 is Avorth $20. Twenty- ceht pieces of 1877 and 1S78 are marketable at $1 each. "A silver dime of 1804 is worth $4, of 1797, 1800 and 1802' $3, aud of 1798 $2.50. Silver half-dimes of 1S02 will 'fetch $30 each, and a value of from $1 to $3 attaches to these coins of the issues of 1794, 1790, 1797, 1801, 3805 and 1S40. Silver 3-cont pieces of dates from 1803 to 1809 inclusive AVO offer $40 each for, while one of 1873 is worth $50. A gold double-eagle of 1849 is'worth $100; a half-eagle of 1815 is Avorth the sai.ie price, likoAvise the half-eagle of 1822. Half-eagles of 1795, 1797, 1798 and 1828 can be sold for from $15 to $25 o-ach. Quarter-eagles of gold issued in 1790. 1797. and 1820 aro valued at $10 each. Tho $50 gold piece of California commands a premium of from $10 to $15, but the $2.50, $5, $10, $20 and $25 gold pieces made from 1849 to 1801 by private firms and assay offices in California, Colorado and Oregon, because they do not come up to the mint standard of parity, are mostly below par. "For The same reason the Mormon gold coins of Utah, issued under the direction of the late Brieham Young and largely circulated from 1.849 to ISiiO, AA'ill fetch very little more than their face. Some of the old colonial coins haA-o high values. Tho 'pine tree' shilling of 1050 is Avorth $25. A Maryland shilling of 1059 is A-alued at $10, nnd a Louisiana croAvn, coined in France, at $25. Tho copper three-pence of Connecticut, issued in 1727, is appraised at $30. One variety has tho in- sf-riptiou, T Am a Good Copper, and another has tho device of an axe, AA'ith The words, 'I cut my Avay through." A Florida silver half-dollar of 17GO is worth $10, while the Virginia silver half-dollar of 177o is valued at $2. The peAvtor Continental dollar of 1770 AVO Avill pay $3 for. A gold Vermont doubloon is AA'orth $200, and a Vermont silver half-dollar Avill fetch $100. The Massachusetts cent of 17SS is valued at $10. Washington silver pieces of 1792, bearing the bust and name of G. Washington, AA'ill fetch $50 each. All of tho Washington coins, both of silver nud copper, Avore minted in England as patterns for tho American coinage, but tho designs Avere not accepted because it was considered contrary to the principles of our goA'ernment to stamp the head of the president upon our coins." I the belief thnt the most complex Wds INSECTS MAKE SHELLAC. 'of consbnfiib'ts are developed from the Sotoe j. a<!tg concerning tht* Artlclo-Con- i simple vowel basis, somewhat as cbem- '• « 0 med «n orcrt Quantities. j I ical compounds result from the uiuon yvhat makes your derby stiff? Shel- of simple elements. . lac. What is sealing-wax? Shellac I dictate to the phonograph a vowel cule f 1 y i principally. What is shellac? in different keyes while the cylinder ro- Jt is ^ product of a composite mass tates at a given rate of speed. 1 then that ig f oun <i on the young tAvigs and adjust the speed to a certain higher or Branches o f the butea, croton and other lower rate and folioAA-' the results. By tiees tuat g^vy m the countries of tho reversing the motion of the cylinder the east sounds are reduced to their fund a- <5 Ue iiac is consumed in,great qunntl- mentnl state. : By this means I eliinin- tieg ^ over t j le world in commerce and ate all familiar intonation aud di.-s.-is- m artg It j s k ent j a the shops and soclate it from any .'110:1111113; Avl-ich will warehouses in llarge hogsheads. It sway the mind, and in this way it.^<an val .j t , s in color and thickness and is be stmlu-d to advantage. At -i gi >- en transparent. It comes in broken pieces rate of speed 1 have taken the ivcor.! of of nTe gxii a r sizes, some of it being very certain sounds made by a mouKoj,. aud tnm by reducing the rate of speed from '.wo ^ mu t c mass from Avhlcli shellac umdrocl revolutions per minute to jg 0 |j tam( , ( i j g produced by a small in- forty, it can be seen that 1 inu-easod soct (COC1U . S i llc ca) res-embling someAVhat the intervals between wh.ir are ca-.ed thc (.^i^edi. T ] us i usoc t j s hatched, the sound-Avaves aud maguiiicd the umtures nlld d j cs on these twigs, ac- Avave itsHf fivefold, at the same lime col . (lmg to lhe Boston Globe. A num- •edneiiig tho pltcli in like decree, and »y bel . of fom .,i 0 j nsoc ts, Avitli a feAV males, this means 1 could detect the shght.-st fastojl themselves upon the tender tAvig shades of modulation. In this process nti<1 puncturo tho i jar k. A tenacious It Is'movddod ° a A Su<l Kut is Dora (at the sea side)—Aren't you Clara (disconsolately)—Indeed I am not, and 1 never Avill be if 1 stay in this IV.ggy place." "Why not?" , "1 can't keep my bangs in curl long enough for a man to propose." "Women mostly commit suicide by drowning, and men by shooting. Suicide is loss common among miners than any other class; and self-destruction Is said to bu most pro-'eleat among soldiers. At tho uge of 41 Milton issued the paradise Lost, which had ben in preparation, for go years, ... STUDIES OF SPEECH. Tho Phonograph Kilters u New Field of II. S. Garner, in tho Forum: Tho application of the phonograph to my special work is really the distoveiy of a new lii;ld of usefulness for that won.lcr- ful instrument, which, up to this lime, has hold the placo of a toy more than that <if a soioulit'u; apparatus of tho very liighes" Importance in vhe study of acoustics and philology. From tho records that 1 have made of the voices of men aud monkeys; 1 am prepared TO say that the difference is not s-o uroat as is commonly supposed, and that 1 have i-.onvo.rted each into the other. 1 would not be understood to .say that I have done this with all their sounds, nor that the monkey's sounds were converted into human speech, but tho fundamental sounds of each wore changed into those of tlw ether. I ilud that human. lau.,-h- ter coincides in neatly every point with that of monkeys; it differs in volume and pilch.. By the aid of tho phonograph 1 have l)er;ii able to analyze the vowel sounds of human speech, wlile/i I find to bo compound; some of them contain as many as thr vj distinct syllables of unlike sounds. From the vowel basis I have succeeded in developing certain consonant elements, both initial uud final, from which I have deduced .--•- - 1*1 il J-1VI I ' l*mi LLIL U lliU MLll 1^.1 Jt*. iv.uu.^jivr'CO ill parts of the sound are mnpuliied fliiid exu(les nnd envc i 01 , eg them. The alike in all directions, «' «uit instead of ^^ fml n Il]js jul ce,derive thclr obtaining five times the length, as it were, of iho sound unit or interval, we cgo . g obtain tho cube oH five times the nor- ^ mn , cs o]i] hnyc wjn aml ^ mal length of every uuit oi. tho sound. SQ(m ns tho fcmnleg , )ogin to dlo a fcw The slightest variation of tension in Iho tfamlm and thc males go to othor vocal chords may be detected, nnd hvi()R every part of tho found compared to every other part. works thus ornamented are s n °! .** beautiful that even in China ft * fabulous sums. The amount of shellac that < porhlned into Boston for the n ing .Tune 30, 1890, was 77,376 and was worth $14,337. The mount imported into the Unit tes for the year ending ,Tun e g^ was 4,730,405 pounds, of the ' $802.745. For the year of"i number of pounds imported into i "United States was 5,509,873. it fomalcs dopwit their romnln jn t hls From iho' constant relation of pails and their uniform augmentation uui'er this treatment, it: has suggested to my mind tliu idea that all sounds have de.'i- nlte seometrii al outlines. Thai there is such a thing as form has been elea'ly gerlatinous mass have deposited their eggs havo Qggs lmtch . : the young insects. The young bur-, roAv through the dead bodies of their, mothers to the surface of the mass I and cover the neighboring branches. The eggs are deposited close to the dcmonst-.i.ted by the phoneldoscope — -^tluirthey are p^cted ^ Prof Join; B. do Mott has Aeiy kmu ' • • i ^ aided mo m reducing cer am so mds and enveloped the female insects, j a visible roiicht on I had coiicen ed m complete- ! idea, before tins, that if the pat do- » a thick* hard, resinoub scribed bj. the energy-which produced '.,„„„„ sound could bo made visible, it would cUc (rame8 vohS^iS; 1 ! U the Sir ,f reeled ^eir bodies form little cells like those f, t i , ,' +•>• • > >mt of uroiviiritioii ° a honeycomb. As a result of deeom- ... j- iii-1 the rid'iii'of a P os ^ion there are the elements of a spher'eT y aiid that the' aspect 'of sound beautiful purplo dye which we call waves was simply the NVhen theso tAAigs have become sum- point at which these spirals intercepted gently loaded with this resinous mass 1 , . , „ .. , , . thf> nnnvos nf tho rmiiilrlos in tvhlfli each other, Avhich of necessity Avould be of uniform distance from the center, at each successive point throughout the entire sound-sphere, or space thiough Avhle.h the sound pass- in all directions from the center to infinity. | ,. , if human speech were composed of " 10 I )m 'l uo none but vcwel sounds, the human ™° u ?^ ™ a . , t , , , , Ti , voice could scarcely utter them in a f, oft l4 » . tf l ken out ™* , dri , ed - :t «* coutimied con versa i ion: their monotony then P* into coarse cloth bags and would not so n.ucli offend the ear as it suspended close to charcoal tires would try the vocal powers, and man t rrosratly the mass begins to melt By would soon .-,(-,,1111-0 consonants to aid tw st1 "S the bags the mass is squeezed" the voi'jo, If for no other use. Among <"* ( ^ >mg lnto flat stlcks P laced for the simians tho better types of spivi-h A _ sliOAV this tendency, and ii-. the lower natives of the countries In which these trees groAV strip thc trees of these ind break them Into small sticks, pieces are called sticklac. Those broken twigs are immersed in hot water, and tho hard resinous substance is kneaded Avlth the hands to press out stuff. After is it is dropping from the bags it types .7humanlpeech'we"find" all'the hflr1dl > r strikos tuo sticks beforc " Is vowel, elements, while consonants are coolocl b - v . tho nlr - ." fonns mto f hlu not by any means so numerous. ,*u- la J' ers ils {t is fl<?P08ited on these sticks These cakes or sheets are called shol- lac. As tho melted mass Is dropping from othor'fact is this: among the lower . onn j™l* 1 * ^l^fj 1 "^^ races nf ii.ankind doui)io consonants are ' rare and treble more so. Of course their tongues consist of fewer Avoids, as has been shown before, wu.cn paucity aris- tho cloth b!l £S small drops unavoidably es from their few wants and simple ! fal1 to the eround and dry in little modes of life, and hence the scope of roun(i bodies called cotton-lac. Other vocal growth is much com,-acted. Be-1 and lar » er P leces tllat a l so fal1 to rtl e ginning with tho loAvesf. tribes of men, ground nud dry are called plate-lac. we find the consonants increase in number aud complexity as wo ascend the The liquid iu which the stick-lac or small pieces of the twigs covered with _ scale of speech. "i' believe that if we tho mulu mass was soaked is now filled with the results of decomposition aud could apply tho rule i-f perspectives and throw our vanishing-point far back l;c- yoiid the chasm that separates man from his simian prototype, we would find one unbroken outline tangent to every circle of life from man to protozoa, in language, mind and matter. One of the very curious feats which I have performed with the phonograph is tho conversion of the human voice into the sounds of various instruments. 1 had my wife, sing the familiar scotch ballad, Coming" Througu o, to the phonograph whiles tho cylinder was rotating at the rale of about forty revolutions per minute. Much viord in -he song was distinctly pionoupcod and 'ho music rendered in a plain, smooth tone. I then increased tho speed of the machine to about one hundred and twenty per minute, at which rate I reproduced the song. It was a very perfect imitation of lhe bagpipe, with no siim whatever of articulation. Tho melody was preserved, with only a change of time. The speech character was so completely destroyed that i repeated This record to a large audience in which -were several eminent musicians, not one of whom suspoel'.vl that it was not a real bagpipe solo. Saw lliniKitlf !)](•. Burlington Hawkcye: Tho folloAving story is about Dr. Wisley, who saw himself die out West and came back to life again: Tho doctor told hoAv he SIIAV himself go out of his bed; SIIAV his body lying 011 tho bed with his Avife and sister kneeling by Jus side and Avecplng. 11-3 thought it a great joke on them that they should not ICIIOAV ho was as much alive as ever, lie laughed outright at tho joke, and Avas much surprised that they did not hear him laugh. He other maters. It is strained and evaporated until the residue Is a purplo mass. The residue is thoroughly dried and cut into square cakes about tAA'o inches square, which are stamped Avith certain marks Avhich Indicate the quality of the dye. They are then carefully packed, for the market. The purple dye obtained from this source is used to a groat extent. The beautiful scarlet shade in soldiers' cloth Is produced by tho use of this purplo dye. The annual consumption of this lac dye amounts to 1,200,000 pounds. The lac insect Is a native of Slam, Assam, Burnah, Bengal and Maelabar. Tho proportion of males to females Is 1 to 5,000. The host shellac is that Avhich is most completely freed from impurities, and which approaches nearest to a light orange-brown color. If the coloring matter is not all washed out tho resin is often very dark, consequently thero are different varieties, such as orange, garnet and liver. The juice of thc trees are somcAVhat changed by tho Insects. So that if any one tells you that shellac ls"a rosin," he Is not correctly informed. Shel- lao is not tho simple juice of the troq, but it, is tho result of the action of the insects upon tho juice or rosin. Shellac contains several peculiar rosins. Tho great value of shellac is Its uso in making varnishes, on account of iho flue, hard polish it Imparts to tho varnish. A fine, thin preparation made uf this material constitutes tho lacquer with Avhich brass and other metals nro coated to preserve their polish. In olden times common beeswax was used for sealing envelopes. The wat Avas mixed Avith earthly materials to give it consistency. It was dlflicult to went^out of the house, down street/ preserve it, however, as even a little ' and then struck off into tho country, thinking to himself: "This must be tho road people take when they die." lie hadn't gone far when a voice warned him that if ho got beyond a certain point he couldn't got back. But the sensation of being free from liis body was so delightful and the landscape was so delightful that he felt no desire to return. All the while, however, he seemed to himself to be at-' tachod to his physical body by a ihu-, ahnost invisible thread which kept drawing him back. Ho lost couscious- ness, and when he revived ho was a- fiain lying on his bod with his family around him. More sold has been obtained from Spanish America than from any other part of the world. neat tended to soften it. Later gum was Introduced for this purpose, aud and then ciuuo sealing wax, wluch is made chiefly of shellac. Tho sealing wax that comes from India is tho purest, and is made almost entirely of shellac, vormilliou or some other pigment being mixed with it for color. Ail of the varities of shellac aro translucent, and some of tho finer varieties aro In sheets as thin us writing puper. By softening shellac with heat It may be drawn out and twisted into almost wliite sticks, and of a fme,8ilky lustre. Extreme beauty is given to Chinese works of art by tho use of shellac; some of them are very ancient and of great value. They aro chiefly chow-chow boxes.tea basins or other saiall objects made of wood ur metal. They are covered with, a coat 'MIAH AND THE FOX, A True Story, or HOAV Nclinniluh F 0 i the Anlinnl, ' A gentleman in Mead Cord, told me that Avhen a boy aflioiii^ Used to be greatly amused with'i hunting stories of an old man i Nehemiah. or 'Miah. 'Miah Avould come to the house L up his station, theu tho children o(« family would gather round him f 0 J tale of the woods. 'Miah was a , mimic, and AA r ould accompany" stories with appropriate gestures. $ on one occasion, he told tho boys I ho Avent into the woods, not gun, but Avlth hands in his poc! strolling about for a lark. Thetv a light snow on the ground, and he s came upon the recent track or a foJ Near by was an uprooted tree, its i stuck up high hi air. 'Miah crept | here ho dropped doAVii on the-kite floor, and showed tho boys AA-ont) behind the roots, and began) chirp aud squeak like a mouse. Xo a nice, plump, young mouse Is a data morsel for a fox, nnd by and by 'Jft .snAV Mr. Fox combig hack, shoAved tho children IIOAV the fox cam trotting nimbly along, then sloppli to listen, turning Ills head Aviscly i side to side, and holding up one pm To see 'Miah on hands nud knees, got across the kitchen, and sniffing thc a ahvays convulsed the cliiliheu. ] Avould be fox and mouse alternate!! The mouse Avould sqeak, the fox • advance. Finally, Mr. Fox crept; llgki ly up the tree trunk, and looked OT« Probably his mouth Avas opening i receive the mouse, when 'Jllah open his mouth, and sprang up Avit'a a (a rifle yell. The astounded fox fell OK and over on the ground as if lie • shot. 'Miah ahvays voAved that it ton that, fox several seconds to recon himself enough to run away. And then he looked so sheepish."') trick had boon played on him! 'Hli sat on th o ground and laughed an laughed. He ahvays assured the , ren that he had twice as mud) frni he would have had, if he had lakenH gnu and shot the fox. AN IMPORTANT OMISSION. Omitted a A'ibil Link In the Chuluofflt Iiistrurtloiis. Detroit Free Press: The ir.otlief suspicious Avero aroused, aud thatnl$ Avheu the young man left the horn and tho daughter came up-state ft iutervloAved her. "Elizabeth," said she, sternly, "didn 1 hear Mr. Simple kissing you in tli parlor as I came along the hall?" "Xo, mamma, you did not," responds the .daughter, emphatically. "Well, didn't ho try to kiss you?" pa sistod the mother. "Yes, mamma," demurely. "The mother spoke triumphantly. "I knoAV it," she said. "Did you ys mit him to do so?" "No, mamma, I did not. I told bin you had ahvays -taught me that. Should not permit any young man 1 kiss mo." 'Thatj was right, that AVIIS right, dear," said the mother cnconragiiisl? "And Avhat did he say to that?" The girl blushed, but AVIIS undaunted "Ho asked me if you had ever told BJ! I Avas not to kiss a young man?" Tho mother began to feel thnt posi bly she had omitted a vital link to tl! chain of her instructions. "What did you tell him?" she askw nervously. "I said I didn't remember It If had." The girl stopped and the broke out urgently: '"Well, go on,? on." "I guess that's Avhat you W mother, 1 ' and fho daughter AVI tlit! storm to burst. ."Mill dies. Mali-lies and pins being almost W most common things in daily usjU is seldom that any thought is bcsW on them. Matches that ?i' e lg fJ by friction wore first made hi 1M before which time they were mW| catch fire from a spark struck PJ Hint or stool—u very hiconver method. It Js hard to say how i millions of matches tiro made in ft' but when the number of PW 0 ^ uso thorn is reckoned, the total sifj npaling Probably in the city of r York alone, over twenty million n)W os aro used every 'M hours, matches are such little things t'" body ever seems to think of From mi ordinary thrco-lucli 180,000 matches may bo nw<" even at that rate the lumber tho match business attains ^ proportions. Tliu ISlintl The gospel of St. Mark, raised letters at Philadelphia ember, 1883, was tho the education of the blind. printed in the old French W eel by Hauey, but now Bom (without capitals, to save « used, aud the bible is p^W volumes, each tt little large? ster's unabridged"

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