The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on July 29, 1891 · Page 5
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 5

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 29, 1891
Page 5
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At the en«l of the reign of Charles, Sec unil no newspaper was allowed to «p pear except H f-iugle ,-ourt journal am his majesty was c'arcfn) that nulbini worth reading j-hould appear in Tliiit IVginning in thai dependence v«n r< ( \al and K'oVM-ninviil favor made'i newsjiajier tendency that lingers y<-i ti/llie HJuisciiiHiit of journalism. It, the hint month of the'life of Olmrl*-.- on<; df the most noted ProteManl prcm-hcrs of England died in hardship und want at Newgate prison where he had bnt-n .w?nt, because lie was a and to repress liberty of preaching. The people of London broke into a great burst of 1/ublic sympathy and sorrow for the saintly and persecuted man. Roger Lestrange the editor of the paper of the Kind's parry alone of all men in England broke out into a savage of exultation at a death which saddened all others. He was a party editor bidding for the favor of party and Icing. And the habit of party dependence survives not in so truculent and odious a form, yet in a way and to an extent so hindering to the"proper character, power and achievement of journalism that in some of my moods I wish there were not a part' paper in America. J wish the evolu tion to be ivnnpMv and the enianci parion entire from a journalism liv ing in the cover! of fear, living a li censed and dependent aud precarioii life, the cringing servitor and echo o king, or government or party—I to see'journalism complete" all that phase of haWt and evolution anc 1 come jnlo its own kingdom and plac as a factor and. force of modem civil imtion ultimate and supreme in its own right and its own personality not an Appendage of party, not a mo'uth-piece for politicians", not a touter for candidates, but existing ii its own separate and supreme individuality as an organic product ol modern civilisation; self-determining it* own word and thought about par- SK and politics and even-thing else; responsible to no man and no party; answerable only to God and' Truth and Duty. That is the law and life of personality. It is the law and life of journalism. To that estate it will come at last.' But now let us get to the heart of this matter. Personality is a relation of«ervion. Independence is free will discharging that office of service according tothe law of duty. The newspaper independence that goes with newspaper personality is subject to the divine law of the mutual and reciprocal service of mankind. There is a kind of iifMvspaper independence that consorts -with the malice and vagabondage of Inhume!: it goes out to infest the highways of life as the. enemy of mankind «,nd lifts its hand against every -man. The science of sociology : sees in it the survival of transmitted habit: It Kfcarted from the aberrant i direction given journalism by the IT pression and suppression of its personality and freedom which the tyranny •of government put "upon it at the beginning. -Even the government of England «aid tlie press shall not be free. The wisest, and best men, with misgiving and heaviness of heart submitted to that rule because it law. Macau lay has shown what happened when editors had to be lawless -in order to do their work. They were fanatics who hated the ruling powers with an insane hatred or they were •Grub Street backs, coarse-minded, bad-hearted and foul-mouthed who were pira.tes making lawless excursions into political debate. Forced to ev«ry week take on new aliases and disguises they hid their paper and types in" the dens .of vi«e which are the pest and the shame of great cities. • JPoreed to clandestine and -savage methods -of warfare they lay in jiuibush-and.tortured their ene- aiiy with ev-ery -device 'liiarto form. 4 pp. The news fron \merica. which it prints seems always *0 1i;iV<» suffered S</.'/ie kj/.'d of 11 fha/lijl Hid h.'is not the flavor of the home bred article. ••ijulimiani'.-i ifi.-ssenger." i.s priutet) in London, and is a large line sheet •)!i«.- finds iii it n vast amount of read ing mailer, and a great deal of it from America: it contains much that is of interest to travellers who speak English. The publishing company seems- to fail about annually, but somehow there )V a special providence which enables the paper to continue its repju- lar appearance. The German newspapers are all on a dead-level of official dullness: there is an air about them of having been licensed. The news is told briefly and without enthusiasm; the so-called [•diturials are tame; and the only life ind spirit you can detect is in tlie departments devoted to literary and musical criticism. There are 7 or 8 principal journals u the city of Berlin. In f<Jn» and shape they much resemble each other. J'he. "^National Zeituiig" is a 4 pp. j quarto, 3 columns to the page. The' "Berliner Tageblatt' 1 is the same size,' 14 pp. about half advertising matter. The "Vossische Zeiturig" 1 is same si/.e, 15 pp, "i pj> of advertisements, generally. And the others differ little from mentioned. In these journals, the real news is scattered pretty well all over the paper, under small headlines, and is ex- ceedingly.meagre as to contents. A murder will occupy a quarter of a column of as decorous: reading as you ever met, under a single heading;" by no possibility is there anything sensational in tlie report of it.'The Kaizer's doings are treated of every day in 20 to 80 lines; there are no personals properly speaking, only notices of the movements of the nobility. The so- :alied editorials are stowed away in the body of the paper whereve'r it handiest to put them when which are sent out all over that ter ritory every day. just as the Chicag' papers are sent through Illinois aiic Iowa. At Geneva all is French. Upon talking with intelligent, mer in Europe, you hear the opinion frequently expressed that the French newspapers are the best in the world. One such conversation I recollect, in which a gentleman, himself connected with the press and accustomed to write in several languages, assured me that neither the London "Times,'" nor the New York "Herald." Moscow .•Gazette,"' or any German paper was to be compared" with the Parisian dailies. This naturally piqued mv curiosity, so while I was in Geneva the French papers were diligently studied. They are certainly excellently written and arranged, their correspondence is extensive and interesting, and the whola air and tone of one of these papers is just what a pri- safe to defame a man when he can so easily obtain redress. The caution which the foreign editor is compelled bylaw to exercise in this" matter I wish might be exercised among us of our own free will and accord. We do not want a press censorship which will enforce a higher regard fo vate reputation. I have tried to give you some idea of the papers abroad", and wish it were possible for me,£o illustrate the description with copies of the papers themselves: but on this 'present occasion it cannot well be dona If I might venture to add a word of advice, it would be that when you ^o abroad, if you have not been a"'rea<iy, be sure to arrange for American papers to be sent to yon, as otherwise you will not know from the foreign journals that such a country as America-exists, except in a sort "of far-off, hearsay WAV. To them this is nri 1111 newspaper should be.- "Le Figaro," ( known land, ft sort of sav.-i-e Kldora- with which I was best acquainted, is d o; a Mexico and Peru for goldmines a 6 column folio, 8 pp, and printed in but lawless and preposter large, line type. Almost the whole do not think it nenessarv t paper is readable, there being few advertisements. The paper is lively, interesting and seemingly in close touch with the spirit of the day. The lively French intellect, wijh its power o"f swift acquisition and generalization, seems eminently fitted for the production of the model newspaper article, and I cannot wonder that the Parisian papers are so highly esteemed. They certainly seem to be the best in Europe. Italy is the land of small newspapers. They are almost invariably printed in 4 pp form, quarto, 3 to 5 columns on the page. The type is generally quite small, so that there is considerable reading matter. In one thing the Italians have the right conception of a newspaper, in that their the paper was made up. There is no strictly editorial page at all. Mercantile matters, such as quota- rjus of stock, bank reports, etc. are given very fully, 1 suppose because politics does not enter into that de- mrtment at least, and there an editor ;an proceed safely without fear of ollifdon with the police. So careful are the German newspapers in report- ng financial affairs that oftentimes the jnly item of American news I could ind in then; for days and weeks was he quotation of American railroad tocks; and you can imagine how sat- fying they would be to the mind ager for tylings from his fatherland uid unpossessed of a single share of "rie common or Central preferred tock. In small paragraphs are given the elegraphic news from large German ities, as Cologne, Hamburg, etc., and uriously enough each of these items is preceded by a peculiar mark: an asterisk, double-dagger, black circle black triangle, or other mysterious sheets are at least half made up of real news. There is very little of it from outside of Ital y, aiid that only concerning great international affairs"; . „ ons. Thev do not think it necessary to get much news from the far-oif 'Terra Incognita, and so the traveling American is quite likely to lose the savor of his daily journal, unless it is sent to him. And then, two weeks old as it is, he fairly revels in it. It has the dear old scandals and police-courts: the political interviews, the terse editorials; it fairly smacks of the soil, and has enough swing and energy to furnish a dozen continental dailies and have some left over. Verily the newspaper binds one to his native land in a way that nothing else does, and it strike's the chord of a nationality with no uncertain hand. but from within the kingdom they collect a great deal that is of interest. The Florentine papers have dispatches from Milan, Rome," ^Naples, and all other large cities; the same is true of the Roman -papers and others. In political matters the Italian papers are much more outspoken than the German. While "I was there lit was easy whether a journal was for or against Crispi:. whereas in Germany you might h&Ve been in doubt as to the attitude of a paper to wards the Prime Minister. The police regulations of the two countries partially account for this; though it is also owing .to an entire difference of spirit. The German seems to feel and think too deeply to be a good politician; the Latins and Celts understand it better. The best paper in Rome is "La Mr. C. W. King sang from a popular opera the following report a selection after which of the com- sign. It is some time before" one divines the meaning of these. At last he learns that each correspondent has a registered mark—or trade-mark, as one may say—by which he is known and by means of which the police can find him when they want to hang him, as Mark Twain says. Certain it is that every article of a political tendency is so designated with the correspondent's mark. I don't know what would happen if the compositor made a mistake aud put in a cross for a dagger. Perhaps they would hang tlfe compositor. Understand, I am now speakin^ of the principal 'dailies of thesftigf city "n Germany, a country famovuSJtor its ugh grade of education. In the pub- ishing of books—scientific, religious, historical, fictional—Germany ranks Tribuna," a 6 column folio. - It i.s well printed on good paper . The edition of October 9, 18.00, tlie only one I brought back with me, contains on page 1, an editorial £ column; the Funeral of Baecarmi, i column; des- patches from Germany, Switzerland and Spain, nearly 2 columns; anecdotes of the day, 1 column,; account of the Crispi banquet at Florence, 2 columns. On the second page are telegrams from various parts of Italy; also on the third page, where are some more foreign telegrams. The fourth page contains advertisements, and an absurdly short installment of a serial. As you will judge from this abstract, the principal fault of these papers is in arrangement. They have no idea of the relative importance of news, — J everything is put hi just as it happen. The absence of head- is also a serious defect, as often- es matter of great interest is s mittee on resolutions was read by Mr. Hinchon, and the report was up on motion adopted: Your committee on resolutions bpg leave to submit the following report: WHKKK.AS, The Upper Oes Moines Editorial Association h&virtf* held Us fourth semi-aiuma meeting at the ctcy a! Fort Dodge, aud, having been met, ou our arrival here, with a mos royal welcome by the Business Men's Association and citizens of this city,- having been freely furnished with ample and commodious rooms in which to hold our meetings ; having been carried by courtesy of the Minneapolis and St. Louis Railway to inspect the great (}yp- smii mi)!."; having through the especial courtesy of the Business Men's Association enjoyed a drive through this city where we baveviewid. with the keenest satisfaction and pleasure the evidences of thrift, enterprise and prosperity of this city as exhibited in its business houses, its splendid public buildings, schools ana churches, and its beautiful homes; having partaken of the hospitality of the ladies of this city and been honored by the acquaintance of many of the citizens aud especially of many nf Hie members of that sterling body of men the Business Men's Association of Fort Dodge, and WHEKKAS, Our wives'and sisters have been royally entertained by the ladles of this city At i lie beautiful home of Mrs. I. G-armoe. and all of us have to-day enjoyed the splendid display of paintings and works of utility-, ind art irovided by the lovers of the beautiful in the city, and being desirous of expressing our appreciation of toe courtesies and favors so showered upon us, therefore KEKOLVED, That we return our sincere thanks for, and wilt ever hold In pleasing remembrance the many courtesies so extended to us by the Business Men's Association, Mrs. Ciarmoe and the ladies of Fort U >dge, the M. & St. L. By. t/o., to Prof. Jones for lus selections upon fhe pipe organ at the Cath^ticj:£urcti. and the editorial fratemity the city. ' That this A iattoii received from the visiting- guests, lla- sonic Hall had its walls lined witn paintings of every kind and description, executed by Fort Dodge artists, and here the women spent the forenoon. Just before noon and at the close of its business, the association went in a body to this hall where a bounteous noonday lunch had been prepared by the Fort Dodge ladies and to which the visiting editors and their ladies did ample justice. An hour was spent in inspecting the paintings, when the whole party went to the M. & St. L. depot where a special train awaited to carry them to the Gypsum Mills three in number, the farthest being about six miles from the city. These (iypsnn mills are the largest in this country and will be a source of untold wealth to their owners and the city. We cannot stop to describe the mills. Returning to the city we found carriages awaiting and a ride about town was the order of the day. In its course a visit was made to the new oat meal mills just being erected, the pottery, and the public school and church bindings and the floral gardens just at the edge of town. We had all heard of the oat meal mills, but few of us supposed they were being built upon so extensive a scale. The main building being five stories above the basement while the rain elevator is of equal hight and of that the supply is large and he expects to push, their manufacture. Ii may not be generally known, but it is nevertheless a fact, that Fort Dodge is shipping large quantities of brick, Des Moines especially prizing them for paving purposes. Rolf e Argus:—We desired to attend this meeting because we wanted to meet the editors, whose papers we read from week to week, face to face. An editor always has a curiosity to know personally a contemporary" editor. The meeting was w.ell attended and was a source of interest and profit to the fraternity. * * * The crowning event of the visit was the banquet tendered the editors by the Business Men's Association at the Park Hotel. It was an elegant afflair. Plates were laid for about two hundred guests. The enterprise, wealth' and beauty of Fort Dodge combined to make this a notable event. Pochontas Record: eral artists in Fort There are sev- 'e and the dis- j From the time that Good Mother Eve interviewee! the ~ serpent in the Garden of Eden, and lost her job for stringing out the account so that the forms had to be held over, we find that women has done her share towards recording and keeping in view the sins and follies and the fortunes of man, and sbe takes pleasure sometimes in reminding him that she- remembers what she writes down about him. Yet I am convinced from my own personal experience that although a woman may be technically "in it," that is no sure sign that has put her "foot in it, as might say of many men circumstances. T When I was first nbtiiied: that I would be expected' to" P/^ent some thought on the subject of "Woman m Journalism," at this Meeting,? it never dccuredtoine that: it would; be any- trouble to tell'all tliat could be fonnd out about it in five minutes, but alas! I reckoned without my woman. I nnU e very fertile, and the and delving in it, the she we under like mammoth proportions. Fort Dodge MKROHAXT Sj 3fATIO3TAXi BAXK. rah for Fort Dodge; the Business Men's Association and its fair ladies. May they live long and prosper. Corwith Crescent:—At the opera house a splendid program was beautifully carried out, to the delight of all. The banquet was all that could be desired, and the toasts were responded to in the spirit of good cheer and all expressed themselves glad they were there to enjoy the exercises and company. Hmuboldt Independent:—The is indeed fortunate in portant a factor to its business enterprises. The pottery, too, is an important business though not so large as it would seem its importance demands. The floral gardens were thoroughly enjoyed by the visitors, and as no words can describe its beauties we will not attempt it. The drive over the city shows Fort Dodge to be possessed of as fine church and school buildings as to be found in any city of twice its size, in the state, while in ;he matter of commodious and tasty residences no town can surpass her, while her business houses all give evidence of a growing and perma- lent prosperity. With natural advantages unsurpassed anywhere, we wonder that the city s not much greater than it is. A new ilement has entered into its growth ;hat will largely tell for the future as t has already began to do, and that s the Business Men's Association vhose purpose is to encourage the levelopment of the many natural re- ources of which the town is possess;d. This association is composed nostly of young_ business men, and as ts membership is made up of upwards whole party were invited to a capital lunch in the Masonic banquet room Friday noon. As an appetizer the ladies of Fort Dodge had prepared an art exhibition in the adjoining lodge room that was a thing of beauty and a joy forever. The exhibition was an extensive one and a rare one and was at once a vision of beauty and an advertisement that there are artists in Fort Dodge that can be classed with those of anv city in the country. We tender the ladies a vote of thanks on our own account for a rare treat. The committee who arranged the display are entitled to great praise for the good taste shown ha making up the exhibition. Algona Upper Des Monies:—Her special display of manufactures, aside from the oat meal mill, etc., showed how much is being done in special lines. Samples of a fine window curtain of wood, of elm bushel baskets, of ten colors of cementico for walls, of brick, red, white and granite, of all kinds of pottery, and especially of a telephone attachment patented by S. W. Gray, showred the various lines in which her capital is profitably invested. The creameries and other factories common to all towns she has in abundance. Fort Dodge is a center for much of the wealth of this section, and has resources for the future that are inexhaustible. Lohrville Enterprise:—The pleasant afternoon journey around Fort Dodge, and the consequent information obtained, shows it to be a place of exceptional advantages. Situated in the very heart of the best section of country in the world, she has a tributary territory unsurpassgtf. Added to this she has the advj ^ v — " immense mineral deposits.' von my wora anu honor that I do not feel like making fun in the presence of so important and such an overwhelming subject. I find that in this line -as in others that woman shines resplendent in as many and in more important points .than her brother man, possibly can. I would, as soon trv to crack a joke in the presence of mv poor old grandmother's ghost, as to'use levitv in the consideration o- so serious a subject. I could not joke in so grave a matter if I wanted to, and! don't want to. I am no jo.n »r anvhow. I never could see into another fellow's joke, until some-one had cracked it for me. As a general thing there is a prejudice in favor of men for journalistic work Why it is'so, I cannot tell for the life of me. It is supposed-br some that men are mor» business-like,. m their methods .and that they possess the open sesame to surroundings from which women naturally shrink. This is not necessarily trite. -.There-is but little that is actually important to go into print, that a woman wtfna healthy physique and an ordwanly strong stomach cannot get at and_eu- quire into, t'o'a sttfficienfe degreeto the facts .before the oung men,:who stand ready to give properly place PT Wfind that the large city journals are now employing women in almost every department, and that successfully. In novelty .of conception which is an important feature of wide awake journalism, women have proven themselves the peers of men. «..*.-* **.*••* * * * It is a list of names of women of whose work all Americans are proud, arid the credit of a great deal of their labor is given to men by some who think a woman can't be .^n it; Poor misguided. creatures that we are! Some day we will awake and find that woman has quietly taken possession of the journalistic fieM, and from the topmost pinnacle-ot a well earned success, she wiE dictate the true journalism of the times. * # * # * * .* . Of course there is as much difference between women journalists as there is between men P^alists 1 would not have you think that 1 De- lieve them all perfect. They are not brave like us men, . of course, iney I't sit on a dry goods box m front , store and whittle i^on th

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