The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on August 17, 1892 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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THE UPPER DBS MOlNES, ALGOtiA. IOWA, WEDNESDAY. AUGUST If. 1892. LLOONA, IOWA. CONDENSED NEWS. The bronze cents, such ns are in circulation now, were first coined in 1S&4. Statistical reports show that the value of sheep flocks is greater by $42,000,000 In 1802 than in 1870. The shah and the sultan each possess a mat. made of pearls and diamonds valued at over $2,500. Expedition island of the coast of Aus- tmlia, has mysteriously disappeared from view. The underground railroad in Glasgow Is nearly completed. It is 71-4 miles long and the greatest depth of the track is 100 feet. The contract price was over $5,000,000. Canada will have an exhibit In each department of the world's fair The merchant tailors will erect a special building at the World's Fair. The sixth triennial convocation of colored Odd Fellows has convened in Indianapolis. Tlie republicans of the Twentieth Ohio district have nominated W. J. Hilc for congress. Walter Smith was arrested at Carthage, 111., charged with burglary in St. Mary's township. L. M. Moiling has been renomi- nated for congress by the Sixth Indiana detuocra tic convention. A street quarantine has been ordered ii> Klgin, 111., on account of an i-pidemic of malignant diphtheria. District Attorney Milchrist says the Chicago gold cure dealers must take out retail liquor licenses. Seven shocks of earthquake wore felt in several cities of Germany Thursday, but no serious damage was don-. 1 . 1 Eighteen passengers wen; injured in the wreck near Denver Tuesday. Mrs. Itoberts and Mrs. Eddington may die. Cnndymakers of Louisville, St. Louis, Cincinnati and Chicago met in the former city to fix upon a standard price list. Burglars entered the house of Kabul Browne, at No. 527 Dearborn avenue, ! Chicago and were arrested and locked A new and rich body of ore has been found in the midnight mine at Ouray, ' Inl v - Powers, ftmiituro dealer of Colorado. It is of gray copper, native I'ortlnnd. Ore., has made an nssign- and brittle silver, and the richest yet . " il>llt - ^«S'Jts, $128,000; liabilities, S70,- dlscovered. j fH -" 1 I Willis C. Crauuer, of South Bend, As evidence of the widespread in- Ind., and Miss Lydia A. Biekell were terest abroad in the world's fair, it is married at the home of the bride in said that more than half of the mall Elkharl, 1ml. new being received by the state depart- j Thomas Burke, alias the "Milwaukee meut at Washington is hi relation to Kid," escaped from Hyde Park, Ill- it. ' ! inois jail by jumping from a second- I story window. A new method of quickly rendering i Cno i 0] . a ls decreasing in the Crimea glass transparent during the process of , nnd Caucasus districts owing to cooler manufacture consists in forcing into the w)!Ullel . ( but in Moscow TIIC plague is melted materials a stream of oxygen on ^e increase, gas, the enormous heat generated oxy Samples of tea grown and cured at Summerville, South Carolina, have been received at Baltimore, which expert tea dealers have pronounced superior to East India tea. that ho entered Into negotiations with some property owners a few miles South of Keokttk for the purchase of a large tract of land alortg the Missouri boundary. The lx)dy of Charles W. Higgln, tho sailor who was killed by the mob in Valparaiso several months ago, has arrived in New' York In charge of United States Consul McCreery. The remains of the dead sailor will be laken to Philadelphia, where funeral services will be held. Charles A. Leach, the manager of the International Telegram company, died in New York Friday. Mr. Loach has been prominently Identified with various news associations for the past thirty years. He was at one time the London, agent of the Associated press. The small pox epidemic in British Columbia is virtually over. The last official report gives the total number of oases lu the main laud as ten. The total number of cases reported during the epidemic was fifty-four. No new History of Strikes, The Loss to Both Emyloyers aiid Employes is £ttor- ffious. Various Are the Reasons Advanced by the Strikers for Their Actions. There Were No Less Than 24,518 American Strikes from 1881 to 1887. The earliest known strike in tho , , . United States occiUTecl during the year eases were reported during (In- l«wt 1 17DOf nmong the boot nnd ^e muklTO ™T i , i ^ , „ .„ , of riiilndelphia. Since that da to the Ishpenilng has been officially notified lasses mculTC(1 by employers and eiu- by Secretary Addis that it has oeeu j throt h strikes lu tbls eouutl . .dropped ficni the Wisconsin-Michigan, { mJe becu s , n ly Ulonlcuhlblc . (bull lonuuc. The managers of the club, • BL , Uveoll the years 1881 and 1887 in- feel sore over the action. Several of dusivo tllel . e occuri . ea 2 4,51S American the players have offers from other 1 The recent volcanic eruption lu lho Phillipine islands destroyed the northwestern portion of the great Sangis island and caused the death pf 2.00 in"... * Habitants. strikes. From ,the total loss to I , ,- . ,, , suinAJS. r rum iiit-sUfi-iiu tuiiu iu»a u. I c ubs in the league. The schedule four- the gtrfkera wns $51,814,743. Tlie cm . club organization has been made out. ployers also lost enormously dining the diziug all deleterious materials. Sir Henry Bessemer suggests the sub- Mrs. iM-ank Snyder, of Sehless'.ngor- ville. W:s., was struck by a St. Paul passenger train and instantly killed. stltutlon of aluminum tokens for bank j Blio wls ""fly-eight years old. notes of small denominations. He says | The twentieth annual convention of that with the recent progress in the , the National Association of Union ex- science of metalluragy these tokens ; Prisoners of War will be held in Wash- could be made in a fashion that would ington during Grand Army week, oet all the art of forgers at defiance. ( Ample satisfaction has been given — ' the Swiss government by the Maryland The American club for artists in authorities for the arrest of DJ-. George, Paris, has been so successful that a legation attache at Washington, the English artists in Paris propose rr, F . lc similes of thirty-seven of the follow the example. A meeting was ,,,, st plvsen .,. d AXjtoc idols m tho mu . held the other day at the residence of S( . um of lhc oity of Mcxic0) luivc be en an English lady and tho establishment lll!ld( , for exhibition at the world's fair, of a club was decided. Cocoalne sometimes kills. This fact: was forcibly demonstrated in the case of Benjamin F. Noe, at Bellevue hospi pltal, New Yc-rk, recently. Death came almost as soon as the drug was administered and the doctors do not doubt that cocaine was the fatal agent. The j-cuciai strike of trades unions in New York city against the Building Material Dealers' assoccia- tiou Is now regarded as entirely ended. At Wilkesbarre, Pa., Thursday eighteen young women took the black veil and entered the Mallinkrodt convent as nuns, while three others took the vows as novitiates. Kain fell all over Kansas Thursday. Reports from all points as far west as the Colorado line and north to Nebraska slate that bounteous showers fell and will save the corn crop. Rev. J. 'G. Talt, the republican nomi- ne;!.! for lieutenant governor of Nebraska is ineligible. He Is an Englishman, au>.l pose of making glass beads for the In- lu , f ., il( , d (o t ilko out ] ns naturalization papers until a year ago. In a. lire iu a New Bedford, (Mass.) Lord Beaconslield once stated that a tenement two infant children of Louis foreign war always set people to study- ' Duperis and their mother were fatally burned, and another woman named Leveijue was badly burned. The navy department has decided to send the cruiser Newark and the gun The first manufacturing enterprise started in America is said to have been a glass factory that was built in KiOS, about a mile from Jamestown, Va., and from this was fexportcd the first North American manufactured product. This factory soon fell into decay; but another was built in 1(!21 for the pur- dians. Ing geography, and added that this was the chief advantage to them. The comparative near approach of Mars has set millions of people to studying astronomy. It is well that something- oc- boat Bomiington to Genoa, Italy, to curs occasionally to take lho attention represent, the United States in the of people from politics and the common I Columbus celebration there, affairs of life. I It is ronorto(1 tlia( . Ml . Dea con, who killed M. Abeille, was offered his lib- French breeders have become so orty at once if he would leave France much interested in making an exhibit and not: bring his divorce suit to trial, of their horses at the world's fair thai ' but preferred to remain iu prison. they have sought to stimulate competition, and thus secure the best results, About 150 of tho largest preserve jelly manufacturers of the United by offering as a prize a handsome bronsj . states and Canada are said to have French trotter. This statue is to be j formed a combination for the regula- modeled from life by M. Isadore Bon- <j, m O f prices and output; capital hem 1 , ami bo awarded to the best col- stock, $ 1,000,000, lection of trotters exhibited at the ox- , u |ts mww(!r lllwl , rhmsd!iy hl NOW hibitioil. York to charges of violations of the interstate commerce law, the New York and Texas StcniNhip company denied the accusations in toto, and courted a The old Colorado potato beetle has been almost exterminated in Pennsylvania by hunger. A now and much smaller insect, popularly known as the flea beetle, has appeared in such mun- the potato vines, leaving nothing for the former depredators. This insect has bech known to etomologosts for many years, but till recently it has gencr- full investigation. The forty-two stockmen imprisoned at Cheyenne, Wyo., for complicity in. the killing during the recent troubles witli "Hustlers" ,havo been released in bail of $20,000 each until Aug. 23, when thev will be tried for murder. aly fed on weeds growing in the woods. lu lho hmlso oi - coinmoas Thursday Two or thro years ago it began to at- 11)() niot jon of "no confidence" in tho tack garden vegetables, and this season it has taken possession of potato fields. The insects multiply very rapidly, producing a new brood every month. In journeying from country to conn- conservative government of Lord Salisbury was carried by a vote of 350 to lilO, thus bringing on tho expected change of udiniuU Nation. Petrillo, the Italian murderer sentenced to hang next November at New try the changes in the value of coins Haven, Conn., has made seven futile is apt to bo confusing, mites T. De-, attempts at suicide, the last one being Witt Tahuage In "Across A Crystal Wednesday,when ho tried to poison Futh" in the August Ladies Home himself with nicotine saved from his Journal. But guineius, and florins, and pjp u . kreuUor and double ducats have cea-i Bo]) Jonl( ., , prleowr< wmu . sed to be a perplexi y to me. I- ask b , { M ((1 guidon, Ark., for the price of a thing, look wise as if I lotl rjnt , lt ,„ jail , wns hlkwi from the Know all about it, and then hod out| i)mwra , ., , 0( Innsk ,. n 11U>11 1U1(1 my hand and let the vender take his s)l(|t t() (U .. ltll Uo u . ld msullwl „ pick. As riches take wings and fly wll n 0 W0 nmn. away, I am determined to lose nothing ' ' ' In that manner. Fifty years from now/' lllu Flv , neh {OIWB luivo begun hos- a Turkish piaster will be worth to n^aryofJ 08 "«•''""' «>« »" " 1 ' 11ui ' ynn8 - hmy as much as Holland guilder; and fe 6 ?,^" °" 11011C011S ], lu ' ll by worries me not when I am cheated^ 1 " ne °' '""i"'"'"-' "'" "'«•" for the man who cheats mo must, Infe^ the end.sulfer more than I, so that my\ chagrin is lost in compassion for his \ misfortune. , I' \ \ It assigns games to Oshkosh, Mariuett- ,,. lmt> 1J|;1 ., 0(1 by the enforced closing of te, Green Bay and Meuominee. It is thoil . works , lnd bv damago to property, c-vpoctd all of these will play the re- T he earliest strike in America, alluded maiuder of the season. to abovU( was that of the j 0m . ne y, lu . u bootmakers of Philadelphia. The men THIS MODKRX WOMAN'S WATCHES, s tnick, or "turned out," as they phrased it, for an increase of wages. After two jH«t>I/ tlivK A.m tit Iiiis.1 llutt' to Their Dainty IlekefH. For the person who invents a safe sort of pocket for women's watches, a large fortune and the thousands are awaiting. Women are beginning to grow tired of having their slender chains jerked weeks' suspension of trade their demands wore granted, and tin's success gained them greater strength and pop- ularlry, so that when they "turned m ml7!)!) f(H . fll] ._ tiler increases, they were still successful, and escaped indictment. The example of the sturdy Quaker bootmakers f n_ f , gratitude of w)t .. ju IT , IS . )ml work of all the employ. The city council at once sided with the that year to the tenth censuathTj laborers and reduced the hours of strikes had occurred in the T,^ States. Of these 304 were in i sylvonia, and loi in New York Tlie government report of 1R<J 7 „, , that between 179G and 18SO th? al !l curred altogether 1,491 strikesTnT-l portance, besides a vast fauttihn won-. 01 <ui iu - "-"^ ^»'j ~ — *---« \Vages were also raised from an average of 87 1-2 cents per day to one of $1 per day. During the latter part of tho summer of 1S35 the still militant journeymen ., ul „.„„,., „»„„„„, « VUHt jj L phoemnkers of Philadelphia and the smaller ones. Prom 1881 to "m saddlers of the same city struck for re- j elusive, there were 3,002 strikes dictions of hours and increase of , which 22,304 establishments, and wac'S. Both strikes were successful. 203 men were involved, in iggn A" very peculiar strike was that of the j 1,000 strikes occurred, the loss in French-Canadian laborers on ri dam In for that year being over $2 8 Maine in July, 1830. The men stmck while the loss of the only fift 'because they were not allowed smoke their pipes when They carried their point pipes. to at work." and their . rom JS30 to 1842 fifteen noteworthy strikes occurred. Of these, ten were unsuccessful, two successful, and the results of the remaining three are unknown. Two of the strikes were among females, and in three cases the militia had to be called out to suppress rioting. On February 5, 1842, the lirst strike in the long and costly war between tho ironmasters of the Pittsburg district and their employes commenced. There was no fixed wage scale at tho time, and the strike was brought about by the bailers In several Pittsburg rolling mills, in opposition to a proposed reduction of wages to $5 per ton. The strikers were defeated owing to their lack of organization, and resumed work on July 9, after over live months' idleness aiul a loss of many thousands of dollars to 'both sides. Philadelphia was once more the and finding themselves wntchless. They don't enjoy even cmUM , £ 0 ira rt!lut New hunting vainly for the timepiece which sni]o] . s , %trlke of Ig03 A was butotned into the trout of their in a crowd itull uii uu« mu-m^-j,^ sm - (!a a rapidly and was indiivctly the .•r of . .. , 4. , . , , ,. , . n , sailors who had been receiving $10 per bodice, but which has slipped in and is th demnnded . ?14 . Thc mn icontont hnally discovered two inches above IUBrinera fonned iu n bo dy, marched their waistbands and far on one side. I ;lroimd the dt compelled the seamen The pretty toys are continuously be- wl]() wm , clll p loyed llt the old mtCB to lug lost, as they slip down under the 1(l . lve thelj . 8b , and . om flie .. tum bodices and belts aud drop onto the out „ Thus we see, says the Philadel- ground. | pi ua p ress> that modern strike methods If you are determined to wear yo.ur , vel . e not wbol]y unkuowll ^ncty years watch like the rest of womankind-1 , IK0 . In consequence of the strikers' thrust into your bodice-it is a good pl . ocm Hngs the town guard was or- idea to have sewed securely to the deml om nnd the leadel . of tne d ,, mon . lining of each waist one of the patent gtration arrested and sent to jail. The fastening hooks which have to be pres- strlke cndcd iri complote failure, sed in order to pass over anything. | Meanwhile the pioneer strikers of the Clasp this over the big Unit at the end Philadelphia shoemaking guild had of your chain and you are comparitive- been growing more audacious, aud on ly-safe. A strong-handed thief may ( November 1, 1805, thoy "turned out" break the chain, but cannot capture 011 masse for higher wages. Tha in- the watch. If this is impossible, it is crease asked for ranged from 25 cents at any rate always easy to fasten a \ n 75 ceuts pel . pn jj. o f i,, )ots . . fancy pin through the end of the chain, Ti,i s str i k( .. lasted seven weeks, aud which will keep it from slipping and was signallv unsuccessful. In fact, it render it a little less easy to grab. Another excellent, plan would be to have a small pocket, sewed to the lining of each bodice the place where it ended in a trial for conspiracy brought against the men by the master cord- walner, one of whom, John Bedford, testified that he had lost over $4,000 annually through "turns out" ordered is natural to slip the watch. This pocket could open toward the front by the Journeymen's association. The and when the watch is thrust in could defendants were found guilty of "coii- fasten by means of one of th patent spiring ro raise (heir wages,", jiiid Kc- loops to an eyelet crocheted on the cordor Moses Levy sentenced them to lining of the bodice. With the watch securely tucked in a tine of .?8 and costs each. This crushing blow effectually killed such a respectable, even with the chain labor organization in Philadelphia for dangling daintly down the front of tin. gown, a woman might safely venture into a crowd, and not be obliged to keep one hand on her breast to protect her property.—X. Y. World. SKGrt.-UtS A (i HEAT many years. The New York Shoemakers, however, took up the war and turned out in 1809. Nearly -'00 men were engaged in strike. At, that T'tilrinf 1'Ii-ns Tlirt/ 3Tnke for Financial A lit. "Tlie beggars of this town have some peculiar methods of pursuing their vocation," said John B. Brady of Albany. to a. Xew York Advertiser man. | "Three of them within a week accosted me and asked for alms on the grounds, that they were ex-convicts, and two' of tho showing There was another old mendicant I ran time a stoppage of work in one shop v, as known as a "strike," while a general stoppage w.is known as a "general turnout." The XOAV York strikers \vcru finally victorious. Six years subsequently, Pittsburg ex- j periouced its first "turn-out;" tho ubiquitous shoemakers being once more the strikers. Their attempt, ended unsuccessfully, and the leaders were convicted and fined. In 1821 occurred the first printers' strike. It took place in Albany, N T . Y., _ , . ., he tree-, had newspaper dippings t , Jtf r^ ^ nlcnl soc , lot of that J ,-ing the nanire ot their crimes, striking against the iutroduclicn of uon- across last, night stronger plea for who had even a assistance. I was union workmen. Tho earliest recorded strikes for reductions in hours of work were started . i,, , i -i •>•-..-- •-»•>.« ui»ijivyin.iji_r.L. tfv*.ik. tY»,l^niHJ.H,\.L standing at Twenty-eighth street and in 1,^0 by the carpenters and masons of Braadwny with several friends and a Boston Tho fflen wantcd tQ , lm , t pleading voice at my back told me of the presence of a beggar. work . lluj< to ten ]lom . s> 1)ut thoy unsuccessful. The growth of organized "Wo paid no attention to him and lal)or lm(1 heon so ffreat tllat the cm _ tried to make our conversation so loud j llloyers became alarmed, and on May as to drown his voice. Ho would not lg _ 1832) the merchants and shop-owu- give way, and we were forced to hear ^ ^ of Boston met and adopted resolu- him. He begged for a few pennies on tioils ngilulst lul i 0 ns. One of these res- the ground that he was an ex-confeder-1 O i u ti 0 n s was as follows: ate soldier, and stated his case in such | » We wlll nc t Hlor emp i oy any jouniey- a way that led us to believe that he ullin W ] 10 i )C .i oll ., s to such combinations really thought all relics of the confed- nol . g[ YO W01 . k to nuy mas tor mechanic; eraacy were entitled to nortlu-rn assistance. His gall won him a bed, however, for every man in the crowd chipped in some lose change." • scene of of a labor war In August, 184U. Moyameusiug and Kensington weavers struck for higher wages. Weak-kneed laborers were intimidated striking; much rioting occurred, aud attacks were made on the mills, in the course of which looms and chains were destroyed. The strike and riots lasted until January, 1843. when a settlement was effected. The iron war in Pittsburg again broke out in May, 1S45. The boilers struck for an advance of ?1 per ton— from $5 to ?0. The strike lasted until August, when the men weiye successful, the bosses losing heavily. From 1844 to 1S4S eight important strikes occurred in Philadelphia alone, the men winning In a majority of cases. Losses to the strikers of $11,000 and to the employer of nearly $8,000 were caused by th strike and riot of weavers in Fal lUver, Mass., iu 1848. Mills Avere alosec live weeks, and considerable riotlni and damage to property occurred. From 1850 to the outbreak of the wa strikes were very numerous and uui forrnly costly aud successful. On Feb tttary 22, I860, the great Massachusetts shoemakers' strike broke out. It be came general throughout the state mass-meetings and huge demonstrations occurred daily, ending in considerable rioting. Finally the militia were "tiled out and the strikers quelled They returned to work in April, haviiif lost In wages alone iftiOO.OOi). Durhu the early part of the war strikes weri few, and, workmen being scarce, tin •mployers conceded demands readily. All over the country a feeling against strikes was springing up, and it was to provide against their recurrence that in February 5. 1805, the United Son., of Vulcan predecessors of the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers, fixed the first sliding .scale It proved satisfactory, and starved oft iron strikes until the close of 1874. Meanwhile, however, other branches of organized labor did not possess thcii souls in peace by any maun••:• of means. The 'spinners and woave.-s of Fall Hlver, Mass., struck against the January reduction of 18 per cent, in 1S( The strike lasted two weeks, was pur- tially successful, and cost the men $50,000. Seventeen big strikes occurred in 18U8 and 1800, one of them being that of the Workingnien's Benevolent association of eastern IVmis.vlv:.:iia, which failed after three months. From 1871 to 1875 there were no less than seventy-eight strikes of the Cigar Makers' union, sixty-four of which were directed against: the reduction of wages. Prom 187,'i to 1870 many strikes occurred in the cotton and woolen factories j£ Massachusetts, Tthode Island and Connecticut. Strikes in the printing, mining, and other industries occurred in all parts of the country, especially In the states of Pennsylvania, Illinois. Indiana, Missouri, Maryland, Ohio and who employs journeymen thus pledged to each other." This condemnation had but little effect. Strikes increased in number all over America, but particularly in Boston, where the ten-hour system niove- Ait Hnni'Ht Oi>!iilii>i Wtinti'il. ''Have you fixed up my wil?" said ment continued to be agitated. tho sick man to Lawyer Quilips. "Yes." "Every thing as tight as you can make it." "Entirely so." Well now I wan't to ask you some In April, 1834, the militia were called out. to suppress a riot caused by striking laborers on the Providence railroad, at Mansfield, Mass., and several strikers were taken prisoners. The first big mill strike began In thing—not profesionaly, but as a plain, August, 1885, when the operatives oC every-day man. Who do you honestly think stands the best show for getting the property?" Y Of SI'EECIl. , . <»"! lown of W kUibarded. Abomey and Ivtilavy >rll>, the Messiah, Is about to kford, 111. It is understood -lit Mrs. Henry it Overcumis l>u 'Persistent Wort. Ward Beecher says hi the Ladies' Home Journal, that her husband spoke thickly when a boy on account of an enlargement of the ton- IB ut mainly through the great efforts of one of his teachers this impediment was finally overcome. The lad was twenty mills at Paterson, N. J., struck for reduced hours. Six weeks' idleness and a loss of $200,000 in wages and expenses to the workmen were tha results. In May, 1885, the workmen in tho Philadelphia coal yards biruck for the ten-hour work-day. After 'several weeks' idleness, the difference was settled by the workmen agreeing to work "from sunrise to sunset," with an intermission of three hours each day. The loss to tho employers in this strike was estimated at over $10,000. This success gave Philadelphia workmen courage, and one month after- drilled daily, something over an hour wards several trade societies paraded on one wovd, until his utterance' became tho streets bearing •! largo white ban- clear. But; for this discipline he might ni . r w lth tho motto: "From 0 to 0." never haye been qualified to enter the They marched to the stale house yard, ministry.\ j and there held, au open-air meeting. ' firms involved only fifty. which made ami amounted to §3,000,000. Perhaps the most important after that In Pittsburg W is tii e among the employes of tho phja and Heading, railroad, , on December 20, 1887. Tli 0 began over the refusal of the officials to recognize the R Labor. Nearly 3,000 men struck « their places were filled by the'c pany. The glass-workers' general R wr of 1887 broke out shnultn m , ( Philadelphia, Pittsburg and places, lasterl 150 days and cost 1204. The big Carnegie strike of isssim* L out in tho Edgar Thompson stwlmT at Braddock. On December 29 is»| the men presented their annual Jl and on the following Fel>nvu T v I Carnegie formally declined to slin, itl A reduced scale was proposed but Knights of Labor committee ueglo was held in New York. „„„...,, ed a fairly satisfactory scnle, but S sisted on the men working t wol»l hours. This was refused by the mil and tho strike im.mr, r n ,.. .^ The . strikers remained out four months 'm, lost §500,000 in wages. In tho foil'!! ing year (ISDO) the Pittsburg p U( J.!l struck, and their strike cost eonsMc ably over .fl 70,000. Tlie Turtle Crwl ininersminers also went out and their strike cost $180,000. I" 1S»,I New York. The great ailroad strike of 1877 began on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad it Martinsburg, W. Va., its immediate t'ause being a reduction of 10 per cent, n wages. This, however, was but one of many grievances. Employment was irregular, wages were often retained for weeks after pay-day, expense bills were lot paid, and assessments wen; even collected from trainmen on accidents. There was rioting, destruction of property and oven loss of life at Martius- .uirg, Baltimore and in various parts of Pennsylvania. In Cincinnati, 'Newark Ohio, Toledo and St. Louis iirmtes of strikers succeeded iu closing most of he factories, shops and rolling mills. In Chicago tho .communists made a for- nldablo demonstration. The strike spread to the Pennsylvania Central, Eric, Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Pittsburg and Fort Wayne, Philadelphia and Reading, Lake Erie ind about, ten other railroads. Theloss to both sides was enormous, and property worth several millions of dollars was destroyed. Pittsburg was the Center of tho struggle, and a man named Ammon acted asi leader of tho <tnke. On tho morning of July 19, lh77, the men in charge of the trains •efused to take them out of Pittsburg uul prevented laborers from the yards from taking their places. The estimate of the total damago lone to Pittsburg by the riot isSSOOO 'UO.The actual loss to the railroad com" •any exceeded $2,00.0,000. The greater .m-t of the huge loss was settled by the courts upon Allegheny county Ihe year 1880 was the first' ' which any federal report of strikes made. Joseph p. Weeks repotted ,. The eight-hour question caused tlJ most of the strikes in 18110. chlcie was the center of disturbance amlln city alone 2(i,000 men struck diirin- to first quarter of tho year. i n Bost™ 1 20,000 builders, and in Indinnnp* 2,000 mill-hands wem on a strike The total cost of strikes during ISOO has not been estimated, but it nmomitain several millions of dollars. A GItlSAT PAKA VIIUXE J>£HCJ1SI. Capmzii, of 1'arln, Jft,lln 3,000 J-' fe t In, lieviee of Ilia Own. A very bold and successful parachute descent has just been nuiile tit Villette, a suburb of Paris, by M. Capaza Occuring Immediately after a numbet of fatal adventures of the same kind It has naturally gained a good deal ol credit for the author. This aeronaut arranged his balloon and the parachute xo that ho could ascend with the latin- wide open. He accomplished this by making (he para chute itself cover the balloon. He was thus able to do without nettling car or any of the usual apparatus. Tlie balloon after the parachute had been attached was inflated at tlie Vlllctte gas works. The cords of the parachute wore of the unusual length of thirty- two- metres. This enabled tho aeronaut to retain all possible freedom of movement on his little seat. The top of the parachute was provided with a conical chiiiiney.lhroiigh which the giis of the balloon was to he discharged. The Inflation was effected without accident, except a little embarrassment caused by a small storm. Then the aeronaut rose in view of a great many people in the state of high ej- citement. When he had reached a height of 9,3000 feet he burst open tie top of the balloon. Tho latter at once fell, while tho parachute remained apparently /motionless. The aeronaut descended in his parachute at the very moderate pace of 1 metre ;{() Inches a second and alighted safely In a cornfield at Drancy. The experiment was carried out so | easily and successful that, it is expected the CapnsHja, method wil l)e gen- sraly adopted by parachutists.-It will- ho particularly valuable In war time, is the aeronaut will perhaps lie a* to descend after the bullets of the. en•my have disabled his balloon. fin AW Hi- n Nlinir, Why will you keep caring for what the world says? Try, oh try,'to be no longer a slave to it. You can have but little idea of the comfort of freedom from it. All this caring for wlwt 1"* pie will say is from pride. Hoist your flag and abide by it. In an InllnltlW: short time all sec-rots will b« divulge*•' and therefore if'you are misjudged,. Why trouble to put yourself right? ™'\ lave no idea what a great deal of trout)- hie it will save yon. Uoll your bmilen r:n him and ho will make straight you/, nistakes. Ho will set you rigbt w» those with whom you have sot; yotujseii wrong. Hero am I a lump of claj'i them art the potter. Mould iuo as tlwa n thy wisdom Avilt. Never mind W •ries. Cut my life off—so he It; pi' ol ° u = • t—so bo it. Just as Ihou wilt, but ».-j •ely on thy unchanging guidance ou ng tlie trial. Oh, the comfort tu ccmes from this! Frightful and KotlilnK Loll Ire the ravagei Jn physical stamina '" diseased of the kidneys and bladder. OW»W9 moreover, they are Bwlftly P'W 8 " 8 "*,'".*,^ erinlnatlon. Beginning with elmpl* '""" )t the organs, ren«l disease, 11 unr 1 "" ermediate death or relief, winds up at the Wdnej-i. Thle is tenrlWe to contest** :j readtul to undergo. Anticipate W» W**.: 'j routing and regulating the kldnejii W- olive, wltn Hostett«'» Stomr --=""" fllcieut diuretic »g well M a ud tuuic of unexampled oxcon further good office for th« *y»w»- -- cttvlty of the Wdneyo, in th»t». wow xpeU through these channel* 'WJ.' reduce rheumatism »uil dropsy. f»' Ujiation, Qllioiuneie, Hver woupw ices, Uyipepsiu, «4» »nc«wub K> W PL Inn i i ' ' ctlon. Aa exccs^ of

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