THE UPPER DBS MOINBS, AL(K)NA, IOWA* WEDNESDAY, JtJNB 3, 1891. ,./.. FAIIMBRB intending to boil maple sap next ppring will be oil'god !o .4»p around pretty lively if they er;-r-ot to q;et the two cent government bounty. Tho recipients of this treasury largess must make application to the internnl revenue officers for a license before July 1 next, in order to ob- l ain the bounty on the product of the year Beginning with that date; arid it is said at Washington that very few maple sugar producers have as yet applied. There icetns to be eome misunderstanding of the law. Facts as to the location of the.grove, number of trees to bo tapped, and approximate amount of sugiir expected to be produced must be submitted to the internal revenue officers mid a license received prior to July t of each year in order to obtain a bounty on the production of thnt fiscal year. Tint railway train collector has come and gone mid our old friend, the conductor, remains. His exit will occasion no mourning. At bent ho was regarded by the traveling public as a nuisance., and by trainmen be vras universally abhorred. His presence was a constant source of unpleasantness, because it was a reminder of the absence of confidence in which the conductor was held, ft suggested dishonesty and corruption, trickery and treachery. It was an open declaration of the employer that his se-vants wore unfaithful and unworthy of trunk. People prefer to bolievn goodness and truth prevail around them, hence from the first they cherished no love for the collector. The conductor had always appeared to them to bo true to his trust, and the involuntary resentment felt at the odium thus cast on him was most natural.—Ta, ta, collector. THE BUND MOVKME.VT. The Brazilian and Spanish commercial treaties effected by the department of state are of such interest to Europe that there is a hurrying to and fro soaking to counteract the adverse effect upon European commerce. What Germany is trying to do iu to organize a cuatom bund of all the states which shall at least provide a partial rocip. rocity to somo of them and a real [zoll- voreiu for others. The German government, in these negotiations will feel the absence of the hand of man of "iron and blood," 1 who'with consummate ability aftei the humiliation of Austiia, organized South Germany with the northern states in commercial .union. But Bismarck's counsel is not sought now and it will bo more difficult for Germany to succeed in this large job of', effectuating a continetal customs blind. There aro so many jealousies to alia} that the task is very dillicult. Still it is not impossible. To secure markets and to keep tne machinery of business and manufacture in profitable motion, Europe must make trade "instead, of war, und it is among the possibilities that nearly all Europe may be arrayed commercially against us according to the measure of our encroachments upon and conquests of European fraclo in the Western hemisphere. To the United States naturally belongs the trade of this hemisphere. It is unfortunate that wo have haulted so long in reaching out to take it all in. Our first vigorous and determined and practical effort to grasp it is evidently recognised by Europe as the biginning of the *ud of its trade there. What we must do is to effect a customs bund includ- ing'ivory country on the two continents. The "manifest destiny" idea has been ridiculed and yet is well based. It is the &istiny of this groat American nation to be the commercial and manufacturing head ^f the western nations. If Europe con- lidutes we can get along without the ...embers of the "bund 11 en si or than they can got along without us. It is not probable that tho bund could over become ntirely independent of our food supply. GKOOKA1M1IC NOMKNOJ-ATUIUC. Tho federal government is doing a work which, though of minor character, is both valuable and interesting. Not long since a "board on geographic mimes" was established by authority of congress, to pro- uiote the uniform usage in regard to geographic nomenclature and orthography. This board wisely favors that spelling and pronouhciation which prevail locally, eviiii though they may be in the nature of n corruption of tho original form and accent. It also prefers to avoid tho uso of the possessive ease whenever it can bo done without develop ing euphony of the name or changing its descriptive application. Thus Devil's Lnkti would become Devil Luke; John- son'H Creek, Johnson Creek; Bailey's Harbor, Bailey Harbor, and Saint Mary's, Saint Alary. The board has issued two bulletins in which aro given several hundred forma that have been officially adopted by it and which will henceforth obtain throughout the executive departments of tho government. Somo of the forms aro worth nothing. Japan's capital will hereafter bo known in our official documents us Takyo instead of Tokio; Haiti instead of IJayti; Pittsburg instead of Pittsburgh as it bus been frequently spell .(I; Marthas Vineyard instead of Martha's Vineyard; and Fort Monroe instead of Fortress Mom OP. The spelling of Chequtiiuegon bay, at Ashland, remains as here given, though not infrequently an "a" has been found in tho final syllable. The official determiuation of the correct orthography of scores of names that the reader and writer of today encounters will be an act both welcome and pleasing. THE LATEST NEWS GENERAL NOTES. TAT/BOR, Wilmarth & Co., manu/ac turers of woolens, at Boston, have failed A HALF million ot gold was orderei Tuesday for shipment to Europe. NEWFOUNDLAND citizens have been warned by n French official to sell no bai o Americans. THE American Export and Trading company of New York assigned Friday with heavy liabilities anJ few assets. THE quarantine of Canada lambs al Buffalo and points west of there has nearly ruined the la'nb trade in the dominion JACK SIMMONS, a colored Longshore man, died of leprosy at Jacksonville, Fla. Tuesday. THE Canadian government has decidec to remove the restrictions against the im portatton of Amprican cattle. JOHN OSIIOUN, of Goshen, Ind., died Monday nierht from the fright produced bj a vivid flash of lightening. AN Ansonia(Conn.) minister has inaugurated the custom of having female ushers, which has the effect of bringing out urge attendance of young men. A MONUMENT, erected by the state of Ohio to tho memory of those who lost their ives in the Andrews raid during the rc- jollion, wns unveiled Saturday at Chattanooga, Tenn. iiVEiiAij mountain peaks in Idaho lave settled from sixteen to twenty-three 'eet within a few years. Sin JAMUB MACOONALD is still alive, nitno hopes of his recovery are entertained by his physicians. THO first female county superintendent f schools in Indiana/, ejected by tho trus- ccs at Torre Haute in. the person of Mrs. da Davis. DUIIINO » very stormy session tho III- nois house passed tho world's_ fair bill ifter cutting Jown the appropriation to $750,000. THE Russian Immigration society has purchased 80,000 acres of land in Galdwell county, North Carolina, on which it is proposed to colonize 1,000 families of Jew ish refugees. THIKTY-FOUR of the fifty-seven flint glass factories comprising the Western Association Monday closed down for three months, throwing several thousand men out of work. Tine statue of General' Grant, presented to tho city of Galena by II. 11. Kohlsaat, of Chicago, was unvoilod Wednesday afternoon with appropriate ceremonies. Hon. Chauncey M. Depew delivered the principal oration. NEW YoiiKEUS propose to solve the rapid transit problem uy building a combined elevated and underground four-track road on the west side o<! that city. Bergman's electric locomotive is to be used and a speed of forty miles an hour is to be obtained. . TWENTY-THHEE immigrants were on Thursday sent back to Europe by the federal authorities ah the barge office, New York. They were all without money and liable to become public charges. One made affidavit that he had been assisted to come to America by government agents in Ireland. FOBBIGN. THE preliminary conference of the intoi- mi.tional peace congress opened a,t Milan. A STATE anarchy prevails in the Now Hebrides Islands in tho south Pacific. THE would-be assassin of the czarowitz has been given a life sentence. A CAIUO dispatch says a plague of locusts threatens the Egyptian delta. THE czar of Russia has announced that every Jew within kin domains shall be banished. THE pope has made a will bequeathing all of his personal property to the holy sea. IT is said that England, and Italy have formed and offensive and defensive alliance. THE pope's committee of cardinals have discovered a deficit of 10,000,000 francs in the Peter's pence fund. THE Irish census shows a population of 4,700,102 of wiiom 2,317,076 aro males. This shows a decrease in population of 468,764 in tho lust census. TmtiiisH brigands derailed a train near Tcherkesskol Monday and carried over several German and English tourist!', -vhom they are holding for $-10,000 ransom. DJSGAIENF, the nihilist who lulled Col. Soudaikin, has been captured by the Russian police at Kastroma. THE Gzarowilch Monday opened the first portion of the Trans-Siberian railroad and laid a memorial tablet amid a scene of great enthusiasm. VEIUN, a prominent broker of Paris, has been declared on the bourse to be a defaulter to the amount of §100,000. Tho announcement created a profound sensation. The bill providing for the issuing of an order in the council for a close season in t lie Bohring sea seal fisheries, passed to a third reading in the house of commons Wednesday. M. JUUANNO, a banker of the Rue De Richelieu, Paris, and who acted as trustee for one of tho exhibitors at the French exhibition now hold in Moscow, has absconded, leaving liabilities estimated at 14,090 A CAULK message has been received at at the llaytion'legalion in Paris announcing that H revolution bus broken out at Portau PriniM.-, llajti. The d'spateh adds that a stage of siege has been proclaimed at Port an Prince. A TiiUNDEJisTOUM Wednesday destroyed thirty-six building at Vienna. Lightning struck and killed two childiv.i and many persons were badly injunM. Lightning also caused an explosion m ii.<. Schk'duscb dynamite factory, eight workmen were killed. Tuesday, which left it a complete wreck. Wateitown, S. D., also suffered from the storm. The loss of life and property is heavy. FIRE in the Brooklyn, N. Y., cooperage works which spread to the tenen-ent- houses in the vicinity, caused a loss ol $2,000,000. LIGHTNING on Tuesday wrecked two houses at Arkansas City, Kans., and the rain seriously damaged the wheat crop. Hail half an inch in diameter stripped the trees of fruit. A TEN-year-old daughter of William Hall, a prominent Hall county, Texas, farmer, was dragged_ to death by a horse which she was holding by the halter. ONE of the most destructive fires in the history oi Los Angeles, Cal., started Sunday in tho Norton block. This was destroyed as was also a number of the adjoining buildings and dwellings and the Cburch of the Trinity. The loss is $100, 000. Insurance comparatively small. CHEWS from the Evanston, (111.,) lifesaving station rescued the crews of the Lena Bohm and C. F. Fick Monday morning. The vessels went ashore in the storm Wednesday night, the former at Wilinetta and the latter at Rogers Park. LIGHTNING struck a barn on the Bugher farm near Cincinnati, 0., Wednesday night and set it on fire. It was consumed with eight blooded horses. Among them was the 820,000 stallion Tom Hpgers belonging to Mrs. Kata Bugher, widow of the laic Horace Burgher. The total loss is $35,000. GRIME. TUAIN robbers fired on a train near En- ield, Mo., but the engineer started the ;rain and pulled it out before any booty was secured. TOMMIE PAGK, aged twelve, killed his nqthcr with a. garden hoe atBenton, Ark., Triday, while she was trying' to whip lim. JOHN SFELMAN, son of the Peoria jrewer, is again under arrest, for stealing a valise. PHILIP BAKER, convicted in a Now Or- eans court of the murder of Mrs. Nelson, uis been sentenced to hang. THE three murderers, Siniler, Slocum md Wood, whose appeals to the supreme jourt of New York against electrocution ailed, were re-seiiteuced Tuesday, to be 'xecuted during the week beginning CHANGES HIS COLOR. Henry Welch, A Native Irishman, Undergoes an Amazing 1 Change from White to EJfcck. At First He Becomes a Light Yellow, After Which the Tint Steadily Darkened. WILLIAM MclNTTRE, the murderer of Sill Ohourig, who escaped from the Sioux lityjail two weeks ago, has been recap- ured. A. V. GARDEN, a prominent citizen of Manchester, Tenn., Sunday night shot and tilled E. M. Villiers, a music teacher, vhom he found in his wife's room. JAMKS TOLET shot and killed his broth- ir Edward af, Grand Bank, N. F., because he latter was too familar with his wife. WniLE trying to steal horses, three nen, one named Greena<vay aud the thors unknown, were shot dead by Shaw ee Indians in the Indian Territory. HEZEKIAH CLAGGET, a Washington ookkeeper, committed suicide at the lount Vernon Hotel Tuesday by leaving :ie gas turned on when he retired. PATRICK BURNS, a drunken horseshoer, ninged himself Tuesday morning in a cell in a New York police station, He had been arrested the night before for threatening to shoot his wife, DICK CLARK and Charles Crow of Summer count, Tennessee, quarreled about a a girl. Revolvers were drawn and Clark was killed. SENATORS CAMPBELL and Allen engaged in a fist fight on the floor of the Illinois senate Wednesday, but were soon separated by friends and afterward apologized. JUDGE T. D. EDWARDS, district attorney at Carson, Nov., committed suicide by shooting himself. He had been suffering from nervous prostration. PETER CEDAR, living six miles from Genoa, Neb., shot his daughter-in-law, inflicting probably fatal injuries and then committed suicide by taking poison. FRED C. WARD, paymaster of the Delaware & Hudson Canal company, is alleged to be $10,000 short iu his accounts. Mr. Ward, who is suffering from concussion of the brain incurred in a recent railroad accident, has been made delirious by the charge and protests his innocence. WALTER P. DEMPSY was arrested in New York Saturday at the instance of Chandler S. Redfield and A. F. Sherman, of Chicago, who claim that Denipsy has robbed them ot S5JOOO. CITY TREASURE BARDSLEY of Philadelphia was on Fr;day held on $50,000 bonds on three charges of misappropriating city funds, embezzling state funds and perjury. A STONE was thrown by some person unknown into a window of a sleeper on the west-bound overland flyer near Sholtpn, Neb., Saturday night, and a little child'of T. A. Holmes, of Chicago was fatally injured. IN an attempt to capture a negro desperado named Murry Saturday night, City Marshal D. L. Alvorco and Prince Albert, a colored man, were killed by Murray, who escaped. Ho will bo lynched if captured. "PROFS." Bush and Dodd, said to be from Chicago, advertised an "airship" exhibition at Omaha and collected admission foes from 10,000 people whom they locked in the fair grounds while the} fled with the receipto, the "airship" being mythical. EDWARD HOKINQ, ore of the most prominent citizens of Pan Argyl, Pa., and a member of the borough council, has just absconded, taking with him, it is alleged, some $8,000 or §10,000. His wife is left in destitute circumstances. Physicians Puzzled and Think Eventually He Will Be Like A Full Blooded Negro. Post says Secretary ..ivept a post in the by FIRES AND CASUALTIES. A FLOUR mill at Little Falls, Minis., burned. Los* §05,000. PiiKNTiKH MuU'-onn, the journalist, was found dead in his canoe in Sheensheud Bay. A COLLISION on the Norfolk & Western road, near Luray, Va., caused the loss of two lives. SKVEN railway coaches filled with uas- Heugwis were oveiturned near Tipton, fa., buturday uioiuing. AT St. Louis, Mo., Mrs. Forst! was killed by beiiijj struck by a utouo hiir/'ed by a blast m a quarry 500 yards away HAZEL, S, D., £vvan swept by tij cyclone I'IIE Washing!).!.! is to resign lo diplomatic .service. A DISPATCH from United States Minit:- trr Douglas anouucf.s 'he suppression of tho recent outbreak in H , ytj. PRESIDENT HARRISON has finally determined not to appoint tin' niuo new circuit judges until i.ext Duwmber. He says no member has yet benn selected. ASSISTANT SECRETARY SPAULDINQ has instructed collectors of costums along tho the Mexican border, to assume that all lottery tickets cntercit aro of foreign production aiidjto jUi-mss duty accordingly. IMItlrulty Ovi-ruomu. Texan SiCuiij-ti. Tommy- Pupa, they say Jordan hard road to travel, don't they? Papa— Yes. "Jordan is a river, ain't it V "Yes." "Then, why don't tuey swira it." is a There have bee < negroes whose skins turned w.hite in spots—for revenue and exhibition chiefly. There have been negroes whose skins were so slightly tinted anyway that they really passed forjwhite men. There have even been negroes entirely white, if we may trust veracious travelers. But who ever heard of a white man with not a drop of African blood in his veins who turned negro. And an Irish white man at that? Yet the singular phenomenon is now being observed iu a well authenticated case at the Presbyterian Hospital in New York city, • As the museum lecturer says when he makes the living skeleton stand up, there is, ladies and gtutlemen, no deception about this. The case is on record and you can verify it for yourselves. A 'man about whoso pure Caucasian descent there is no doubt, who six months ago was of as fair and ruddy a complexion as any of you is low from head to foot the color of a inu- atto _aud growing darker every day. The ;ase is recognized aoionar physicians a& :rue and of great interest. It is so far as s known the first that has ever come under local observation. The history of this extraordinary patient, verified in a great part by inquiry among his friends, as set down on the hospital records and. gathered elsewhere runs thus: His name is Henry Welch. He is fifty years old and the son of Thomas and Mary Welch of county Down, Ireland, where he was born. He has been an American thirty-five years, most of the time employed as a waiter. He came to New York ten years ago and has been employed in many restaurants uptown and down. He has boarded for some time with Mrs. Jack, at the corner of 137th street and the Southern Boulevard, who is put down as his nearest friend. He is unmarried and has no relatives in New York, although he is well remembered in the places where he lias worked. He is a member of the Roman Catholic church. _ Up to six months ago no one had questioned that Welih was a white man any more than that a horse has four legs. He was as while as any othor healthy white man in New York. Some time last November tie began to be troubled with an intermittent pain in the region of his stomach, at times very severe. He took home remedies for the stomach-ache and was finally treated by physicians, getting better and worse variously—about as other patients do, perchance. He had a languid feeling and a bilious look, and along in December his face began to take a slight tinge of yellow, as if he had an attack'of jaundice. The pain continued and so did the yellow tinge. Welch worked off and on, as the pain would let him, and the color steadily got darker. By Christmas he was about tho shade of a typical Italian. By the end of January he was as yellow as a Chinaman. A month later he would be taken for a quadmaroon. By that time he ceased work altogether and did not go out very much. Two weeks ago he was like a mulatto and still growing darker. Then Welch, being at last convinced that providence for some mysterious reason had elected to make a full negio out of a descendent of an Irish king, sbut himself up in abject despondency. His friends, who were not so confident about the manifestations of Providence in his case as he was, to cheer him up talked him into the idea of going to a hospital to be treated, and May 6 he was admitted to the Presbyterian and assigned to a bed in ward 8. He was now as dark as any mulatto, and would be taken for one anywhere by any person, his straight iron gray hair and long iron gray mustache to the contrary notwithstanding. Still his exact tint was not quite that of a colored man, though it took close and observant inspection to see tho difference. He was of a very dark brown, as dark as the wrapper of a strong cigar, but the shade had a slightly dead and inky black look, not like that of a man with African blood. This was chic-fly noticeable in his face, where tho Caucasian flush shone a little through the dark tint and gave him an unnatural look for a colored man. Tho inaides of his hands, too, were also of nearly the same color as the outsides. Being questioned and .examined by the deeply interested physicans win ha.:l never seen a case like this, Welch's chief symptoms were found to be Ja great weakness and the same pain in his stomach. They cinganosed the case as hypertrop- hic cirrhosis, and told tho patient he had a disease of the liver and wasn't any more of an negro than hb was before. Welch felt better. On Alay 7, having been in the hospital two days and feeling encouraged, he thought he would like to go out fora walk. So superintendent Wall gave him a pass and he strolled forth,, about ten o'clock. Ho walked around through the park and over on tho west side until about one o'clock. Then he drifted into a restaurant near the park to get a dinner. Ho sat down at the table and the waiters stood off and looked askance at him, but nobody came to get his order, Hf» ham- uieied'on the table* with a plate, and after he had exercised himself in this way for awhile tho proprietor, who had beeii eyeing him over the'top of his desk with the hope that he would take the hint and get out, came up and said: — "Now stop that and light out. We don't terve coloreil people here." "But Oi ain't no colored nion," said Welch, who still talks with a brogue and spite of his Jong years on America's free soil. "Oi am no more of a colored man than yourself." I suppose the proprietor thought there was nothing strange about that, and nothing peculiar m a negro who had a county Down brogue, because he said Welch would have to go anyway "Oi'm «s white a man as you are," said Welch, "aijdyou have got no risrht to put me out." But the proprietor was not going to admit any equivocation about the evidence of hi* own eyes, and he said that if Welch didn't go out at once he would call his waiters and have him put on*. So Welch Said he would go, but the proprietor had made the greatest mistake o- bis life. "Oitell-yez Oi'm white," he shouted. 'Oi'm'as white as yourself. Can't you, tell a white man when you tee one ? Look at my hair and see for yourself!" But the proprietor wouldn't look at anything but Welch's nlahogany face, and out he went with discomfiture. Probably that made Welch madder than all the rest, having been a waiter himself and grinned at other people. He sought another restaurant, and the proprietor this time met him suavely at the door and told him firmly, but kindly, that he could not afford to have the custom of colored people. Welch protested again, but the proprietor was unmoved. "Well, look at my hair,' said Welsh. "Yez can see that Oi'inno nagur." The proprietor looked at the hair, but wasn't convinced by that either. "Why," he said, "I've seen lots of niggers with straight hair. You can't play that on me. Welch said he was Irish. But tho restaurant man said he didn't care if he was the Grand Duke of Ireland, he couldn't come in there. The next attempt was the last. After that Welch gave it up. Here he was received in grim silence, and after a while a waiter came and put down in front of him an odd looking bill of fare anJ went away. On this bill of fare the cheapest viand was "liver and bacon," $3.75. Coffee was $1 a cup and braed 75 cents a slice. A serloin steak cost $7.50. Mr. Welch had been around restaurants too much not to know the significance of all this. He got up and went out. That day he dined at the hospital and has been contented to stay there ever since. His condition has not varied much from day to day, but he has not got any better. His color has gone on slowly growing darker. The change is just perceptible from one week's end to another. He is now about two shades darker than he was when he reached the hospital. If he lives long enough he will be totally black. The real trouble with Welch and the causes of his extraordinary change of tint is, being translated, a trouble with his gall Juct, and is something like a very extreme case of jaundice. To th* extent with which he is afflicted with, it is very rare, though such cases have been recorded. The seat of difficulty lies in. the gall duct, which connects the gall bladder with the liver, which it supplies with the bile used in the process of digestion. In cases of diseased liver or deranged stomachs a gall stone.sometimes-passes from the gall bladder to the liver. The gall stone is a bard fragment something like a piece of coral, with little spurs sticking out all over it. The gall duct is very small and the stone passing along tears and scratches the wwlls of the duct producing great suffering. It is usual in case of severe pain to give morphine, and after a few clays the gall stone gets through the duct and the patient is relieved. li is possible, however, for the little spurs on the gall stone to stick there and become impacted. The bile thereupon flows >'nto the system, producing joundice or a disease analagous to it aud finally death, unless the obstruction works itself loose. It is the opinion of the hospital surgeons that this is what is the matter with Welch, only in his case the flow of the bile into the system has gone on very much longer than in any previous case that they have observed. The hospital records show two previous cases of somewhat similar nature. Both of these were women who were brought in us suffering from jaundice. In each case a gall stone was found to have become impacted in the gall duct. The color of these patients, however, was no darker than that ordinarily found iu cases of jaundice; that is to say, a distinct yellow tinge over all the body. It grew slightly darker as the case went on, but was not at any time dark enough to particularly attract attention. Both of theae^cases ended[fatiilly. In fact, there is scarcely any chance tor a patient in such a condition. The doctors at the hospital are doing their utmost to save Welch, but they have not much hope. Nothing but an operation in all probability can remove the stone that has loclg- ed in his gall duct, and an operation to a point at such a depth would bo out of the question. The present object of the doctors is to set up an _fiction that will clear the system of the bile, but the fact that Welch continues to grow darker is looked upon as evidence that he is not getting better. He may nevertheless live for weeks or even months. He has already gone so far beyond the usual limit for persons in his condition that his hold on life seems to be extraordinarily strong. Originally he must have had a powerful constitution" Since his admission to the hospital when he was told that he was not in fact a negro and never would be one, Welch had been a pretty cheerful patient. He has been out of his head and moving around nearly every clay until yesterday. Then he slept or dozed nearly all the time. This is^taken as an indication that the bile which is circulating through his system is beginning to affect his brain. If this is tlio case he h not likely to know much morn until his death. He will sink into entire unconsciousness'and drop off in that state. Welch is about five feet six inches in' height, compact and sinewy in build and with an intelligent face. 'After his experiences at the restaurants were all over he was rather inclined to regard them as a joke and told them at the hospital without apparent resentment. He has not complained much since he came to the hospital except of a dull and sl-jepy feeling and considerable pain at times. AN OP PICK It STAH1JED. iMiul Af,tof a Drunken Mini lit tlie City of Oslilcosli. OsiiKOSu, Wis., June 2.—Officer Me- Cuskcr was stabbed three times by a man named T. S. Craven last evening. The policeman ariested Craven, who was drunk, and had got to within <i block of the police oflicu when the prisoner began to fight. McCusker wiib stabbed once in the left side and three tunes in the left arm. Tho doctors say the wounds may prove fatal. Craven was af- trrwards interviewed, and professed ignorance of having stabbed tue officer. He has a wife and two children, and formerly lived in Antipo, Win., and Manistique, Mich. He is_ajwut_W^oar8_o]d. Gooseberry and currant Jbushes should be ipruued now. Cut out some of the central shoots where too crowded Cut them clcsc- to the main stem or they will sprout worse than ever. Leave young wood in preference to old. AFIERCE JU P1CHT. News Jnst Beceived oi' a Desperate Battle at Valparaiso a Month Ago. The Participants the Insnrg-ent Cruises Magalla and Three Chilian Torpedc* Boats. The Latter Fire on Each Other in the Darkness While the Rebel Kuns Away. SAN FRANCISCO, June 4.—News of the fiercest sea fight that has t-iken place during f he whole of the Chilian war has just been received here. It took place in the harbor of Valparaiso on April 28 between the insurgent cruiser Magallanes and the government torpedo boats" Alden, Condell and Lynch, four days after the encounter between the same vessels at Channel bay. Favored by darkness the Magallanes sailed into the harbor of Valpariaso and got so close to the disabled Alden that the forts could not brin^ their guns to bear upon the rebel craft. A broadside from the Magallenes killed or wpundcd nearly half of the crew of the Alden. Clearing the Alden, the Magallanes then attacked the Lynch, l/ut her fire was returned with interest. The smokestack of the Lynch was blpwn away and a boat containing ten men, who had been sent to try to attack the rebel vessel with a torpedo, was blown out of the water. The Condell got in between the fire of the two vessels, and over forty of her crew were soon lying dead on her deck. The rebel dropped and ceased firing, and the government boats in the darkness then began firing into each other. The trick was not discovered until the rebel steamed across the stern of the Condell and gave her a broadside that dismounted every gun and killed fourteen more of her crew. The Magallanes then steamed out of the harbor at full speed. Every gun in the i'orts on shore opened on her, but only once was she struck. A heavy shell landed fairly on her deck just forward of her pivot gun, and burst. The explosion tore a big hole in the deck. The pivot gun was thrown over on its side and four men were killed. Soon after that she was out of range of the forts and ran up the coast to Calefcra. Over 100 ineii were killed during this fierce conflict, fully one-half of whom were on board thelvlagallenes. No attempt was made by the ~ foreign war ships to stop the fight, which lasted fully an hour. The Condell had to be run on the beach to prevent her sinking, while the Alden was so badly damaged that it will fake a long time to repair her. In addition to the loss of nearly half her crew, the Lynch lost four out of her six officers, including her commander. STltANGE ADVICE. The Man Who had Tried Marrying for Love aud \leo for Money. There was a young man in a seat by himself, who betrayed such impatience every time the train stopped, says a New York Sun writer, (bat the olcl man in front of him finally turned and inquired; "Anything special on your mind to make ye act so nervous ? Heard any bad news?" "No, sir." "Didn't know but somebody was dead." "No, sir. I'm to be married at 5 o'clock this afternoon in Buffalo.'' "Shoo! You don't say so!" "Yes, air." "And it makes ye narvous?" "Somewhat, I suppose." "Good-looking gal?" "Yes." "Lots o' monev?' 1 "No." "Then it's a case of love?" Yes, sir—pure and simple, as I am proud to say." "In other words, you hain't got nuth- in . she hain't got nothin.' and you don't either of you expect nothin* from nobody?" "That's it." "Wall, young man, that's the way with lots o folks, and it can't be helped. Started in that way ^myself. It hain't none o' my business, of course, and probably this thing has&one too far to let you back out, but let me give ye some advice. I ve tried both sorts. I fust married a gal for love, an.cl lived fur five years on Johnnie cake and barley coffee. She died aud I married a widow for 40 acres of land, six cows, three horses and 54 sheep, and I'm highway commissioner, postmaster at our corners, school trustee and referee at all the jumpin' matches in the county. If it aint loo late when ye git to Buffalo, just move that the meeting do now adjourn, and then peel yer eyes fur a wictder with a farm. Love hain't nuthin' but a sort of mist, any how, and it passes off sooner or later, but when je kin go out and lay yer hand on land worth $80 an acre, and here the bosses, cows and sheep cavortin' o'er tho lea, you know you've got suthin' solid back of ye in case yer bones ache with ager." Foolish Consistency. Youth's Companion. Emerson tells that there is no particular vntue in consistency. How stupid a man must be. he says in effect, who is not wiser to-day than yesterday, and who does not accordingly have to change some of his opinons, "A man who will never change his mind has no mind to change," says Archbishop Whately, and Fardy expresses the same idea when he charges us to remember thac "in knowledge that man only is to be despised who is not in a state of transaction." There is a medium between what a wroth old gentleman calls "withing about like a weathercock," and remaining rigidly in one rut of relief. Most of us know instances of men who can not tring them- eelves to say anything 'which would contradict what they uttered last week or last year. A certain Irishman once declared that lie had owned a horse whch was fifteen teet high. A few days after he referred to the same animal as having been fifteen hands high. ''But," said a listener, "you gave it the other day at fifteen feet." T.,i' Di . d , 1 ' thin ?" said Partick. "Well, I II stick to it. He was fifteen feet high.' 1 An average crop of hay in the United States IB estimate^ at 40,000,000 tons, aud we value a.t |3«7,000.
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