The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on June 3, 1891 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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Wednesday, June 3, 1891
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THE TIPPER DES MOINES, ALGONA, IOWA. WEDNESDAY. JUNE 3, 1891. LGOttA, IOWA, Ponous terra cotta IB said to be the besl foe resisteftce .substance except asbestos •Bed in buildings. Mn. DB LAMAH, the Idaho mining man, cffers 8100,000 to give that state a proper exhibit nt the world's fair. I To remove the white efforesccnce which tometimes appears on the fuce of brick work, wash the surface with a sponge dipped in a weak solution of muriatic acid. COM, friogbts by lake are lower than they have been since 1873-74. Dealers all know it. Will they give the public any •hare in the obvious advantage? Aw edible litchen which may possibly be Connected with the manna of tho Hebrews has lately fallen in showers in Asia Minor. It is in the form of little balls, yellow outside and 'white within, and is greedily eaten by man and beast. MAUCUS SIMONS, a young American painter, heretofore confining his work to Paris, exhibits u picture thin yoar in the Academy, at Chicago, and is honored by a position in lino. He also has a picture in life Salon at Paris, accepted unanimously in OH unprecedented stress of competition. VERY few states, it is said, have taxed the cars of tho Pullman and similar companies passing over tho roads within their borders. Tho recent decision of the United States supremo court upholding such a tax in Pennsylvania will consequently draw attention to this forgotten source of revenue, to tho cost of the companies. TIIE success of the pneumatic djnnmite guns of the Vesuvius in the recent trials off Fort Monroe is very gratifying from a naval point of view. The horrible power of this explosive, by the way, was .illustrated to perlection at Tarrytown at the first test of the cruiser's guns. Dynamite is bound to make its mark in the warfare of the future. SANITAUY administration, says Erastus Brooks, means not only personal comfort and health in the family, but economy to the estate and family. Two hundred and fifty thousand lives lost, three millon cases of sickness and 20,000,000 in money ara traced, in onu decade in England alone to neglect of sanitary care. Tlw sword and musket are terrible ministers of death, but even in armies, where battles kill one peeson, disease kills at least three. WILLIAM, tho Little, by sufferance of the people rather than tho'grace of God, emperor of Germany, in a speech the other night, is reported as declaring, "I a'ono am muster in this country, and nobody else." The young man may learn before he dies that no one man is ^tho ab- eolutn master in any cou.itry. Tho czar of Russia, even, knows that the power of the people is not to be despised in these days by any autocrat in any land. William may wake up some fine morning and find Lis throne overturned and the people running tho government. A STRAW iu the Canadian annexation question is the effort being made by Canada to regain its own emigrants to tho United States, Many of the Canadians now residing in America arc out of work, and the opportunities offered by the Do• minion are being pressed upon them. One •way or another such of these people who do go back will have a good deal to say on annexation, mid probably the majority of them will have seon enough of the business energy of tho United Slates to join tho annexationist crown. But it is not at all certain that the United States bus yet made up its mind what the manifest destiny of our friends over tho border ought to be. A. PIECE of apparatus for rendering safe tho ends of a broken irolloy wire was recently tested in Boston, it consists) of a frame, a parallelogram in shape, the space between the sides being occupied by u spiral spring which operates a contact bar. Inside of tho parallel sides, thoroughly insulated, run the wires connecting with tho contact piece of brass. In operation tho strain of tho wire pulls tho contact bar, which is connected with tho spiraj spring, into contact with the brass contact piece, and electric connection is secured. When the wiro braiks tht! strain is released, the contact bur springs back, and all wiro beyond tho device irf "dead. 1 ' Max Kersteinis tho inventor. TIIK state of Vermont is in a state of mind over the aspect that tho return of the direct tax money has taken on. Tlio question now is: Does the nation owe the state $179,000 as its share of tho direct tax.,, or does tho stuto owo tho nation a balance of 8348,790 on un old account for arms issued to tho Vermont militia in 1864, piirtof which were sold by the state for $170,000 to the Turkish government in 1872? Tho cost of tho arms was $640,000, and tho occasion of their issue was tho fear of a Canadian invasion that followed the St. Albans raid. The state rests its case on the plea that frontier defense was a national enterprise. The decision lies with AUorney-Oi'neral Miller and is expected within a day or two. If it is against tho state, tho matter will be takou to congress. In any case, tho propose'! 110,000 extra session of the legislature to accept the direct tax ut once, and thus L save $12,000 iu interest, will be obviated. THE LATEST HEWS. GUSfrERAL NOTES. NORTH DAKOTA wheat is suffering for want of rain. ELAINE'S condition has much improved. PENNSYLVANIA will appiopriate $300, 000 for the world's fair. THE United States cruiser Charleston reached Callao Wednesday without having sighted the Itattt. A FHENCIT warship has refused^o allow American fishermen to take bait on the French shore of Newfoundland. VKNKBUBLA is the latest country to ac cept the invitation to participate in the Columbian exposition. REV. llENnv J. VANDYKE, professor in the Presbyterian Union Theological seminary, of Chicago, died Tuesday morning. IT is slated that ex-congressman Payspn of Illinois will be appointed chief justice of the new land court, SEVERAL mountain pe,iks in Idaho have settled from sixteen to twenty-three feet within a few years. GENKHAL LEONARD SEWELL, a prominent citizen of Louisiana, is dead. DR. W. W. NASSAU, one of the oldest physicians of Builington, Jowa, died Saturday night, nged 65. THE Star Rubber company, of Trenton, N. J., is in financial difficulties. Us liabilities are 5500,000. THE Rev. Dr. Henry J. Van Dyde, the celebrated Presbyterian preacher of Brooklyn, died Tuesday. THE trial of the New Haven Railroad directors for tho fata! tunnel disaster is set down for June 22. AT tho city election in Harvard, 111., N. B. Helm, the no-license candidate for mayor, was chosen. JOHN RYAN'S SONS, dry goods dealers of Atlanta, Ga., have failed, with liabilities of $1,000,000. POTTER, WHITE & BAYLEY, boots and shoes, 130 Summer street, Boston, have assigned. Their liabilities are estimated at about $1,000,000. EIGHT judgment notes, aggregating in amount 8180,430, have Tjeen entered igainst the American Machine company of Philadelphia. Its liabilities are bulieved to be about 8200,000. TWENTY-TWO Episcopal dioceses have rmssed on the fitness of Rev. Phillips l3rooks for the Bishopric of Massachusetts, sixteen giviiur their consent and six refusing it. THE yacht Halcyon, for which California customs officials have been watching, is reported to have safely landed her smuggled cargo of 100,000 pounds of opium. The duty is S12 a pound, and by evading ;he officials the opium ring clears a profit of SI, 200,000. WALTER CLARK, a 13-year-old boy, died at Glen Garden, N. Y., after ;'wenty-four hours of convulsions caused jy cigarette smoking. NEW YORKERS propose to sol ve the rap- d transit problem oy building a combined leviited and underground four-track rood on the west side o* that city. Bergman's electric locomotive is to be used and a speed of forty miles an hour is to be ob- ained. MILLIONS of cut worms are doing much damage to corn and potatoes near Water- oo, Iowa. Oil sod the worms .are norc troublesome than on old land. Many ields in all parts of the county have to be replanted, the worms taking all the sprouted stalks. __ FOREIGN. SEVEN HUNDRED persons have been made lomiiless by a tire at Rowno, Poland. THE Aigentme government has quelled mother uprising in the Province of Cordova. LOUD ROMILY and two female servants vere suffocated in his London house in a ire caused by an explosion of a lamp. PUKS. BALMACEDA of Chili has issued a proclamation justifying his opposition to '.he majority of the Chilian congress. FoiiTY-six military officers have been irrested at St. Petersburg for criticising ho degradation of the Grand duke Michael. JAMES MoHENitY, of London, who has icon a prominent promoter of Amer- can financial enterprises, died Tuesday. KATIE HUGHES, a 12-year-old girl of .(legitimate parentage, threw herself in rout of a train n.1 London because ier schoolmates abused her on account of lor birth. EMPEROR WILLIAM is reported to be very inigry at tho conversion to tho Greek orthedox church ot his sister. Princess Sophie, wife of the crown prince ot Cireese. THE village ot Brensein, near Merien- .vnider, Prussia, has been completely destroyed by firo. The inhabitants are des- 'ituto. WORD is received from Beauvias of the japsi'/.ing of a pluiisuro yacht and the It-owning of M. Dommar, ' his son and 'laughter and tivo others. Tins L'rust-ian authorities have ordered :hu strictest measures on the Posen fron- lor to keep Russian and. Polish^ Jews out of Jorm'uiy. Tho roads at the boundary ire patrolled by troops, and railway sta- ions are carefully watched. I'RIVATE despatches received from Lorenzo Marques, on tho eastern coast of Africa report further desperate fighting Mitwecn tho British and tho Portuguese on bo banks of the Bembe, in .vluch the 1 ortu£fiiese were defeated with largo loss of life. FIRES AND CASUALTIES. AN explosion of gas in tho Pratt (Ala.) nine's Friday killed ten nigro convicts aud one free miner. A HEAVY storm <it Bridgeton, N. J., riday night unroofed several houses and lamaged two churches. AT Chicago, Sunday, the Iniiuanue baptist Church was damaged by fire to the jxtent of 815,000. A BON of J; M. Moses, a prominent armernoar Jackson, Minn., fell from his 'ather's burn, sustaining injuries that will prove fatal. JUDGE L.C. Houck, a member of congress from Tennessee, died at his home in iuoxvillo, Sunday night. By mistake bo •coif poison, A TORONTO dispatch says William Stilt, William Gilmour and Charles Lockwood were drowned iu Rideau lake by the upsetting of a canoe. T\vo •WORKMEN fell from the roof of St. Paul's church at Spriuggeld, 111., Thursday and one of them, Win. McCuulla, had his back broken aud will die. WHII/« Martin Spilliniin and wife Were driving across the railroad track near Leabanon, Ind.-* Wednesday evening they were struck by the east-bound train on the Big Four road and fatally injured. DuniNO the excitement of a fire in a tenement house at Baltimore, Md., Mrs. Maty Morton threw her child out of a second story window. It fell in the arins of a big colored woman below and escaped uninjured. Mrs. Morton followed and broke her legs. AT Detroit, Mich., James E. Davis' wholesale drug hoiise and Fechheimer & Hart's wholtisold liquor store on Lamed street burned Saturday afternoon. The loss will aggregate $250,000, partly insured. FIRE at Montreal, Sunday, burned a block of warehouses owned by Friedmann & Fri°nd, the New England paper company, the Metropolitan manufacturing company, H. Beleau, church ornaments and several smaller concerns. Loss, $100,000; insured. CHAKLES HOLM, an iron worker, fell from the ninth story of the new Manhattan building, on Dearborn street, Chicago, Tuesday morning. He was alive when taken up, and the physicians are unable to tell how seriously he is injured, ORIME. A RANCHER on Clear Creek, close to Alma, Ari.. has been murdered by Indians. NEAR Tuscaloosa, Ala., Jim Morrison, an escaped convict, killed two officers while resisting arrest. He was wounded slightly but escaped, TRAIN robbers fired on a train near Enfield, Me,, but the engineer started the train and pulled it out before any booty was secured. PETER GREENWOOD, treasurer of Wood River township, near Alton, 111., is $10,000 short in his accounts and bos disappeared. CITY TREASURER JOHN BAKDSLEY, of Philadelphia, besides being a defaulte_r to the city in the sum of $930,000, has swindled several hundred persons. WILLIAM JOHNSON and Lafe Spiukle of Petersburg, Ind., fought with pistols and Johnson wan killed and Spinkle fatally wounded. ALEXANDER Van Fleet and William Csiz were.arrested at Marshall, 111., Tuesday, charged with counterfeiting. DR. Garrison, who shot and killed Dr. Baird in Wheeling, W. Va., last March, was on Wednesday convicted of murder in Lhe second degree. CIIAS SEIDLE was arrested at Grand Rapids, Mich., for bigamy. He has five wives living, and was on the point of marrying the sixth time, A PARTY of men went to the house of Monroe Sutppard, a colored man living about eight miles northeast of Belden, Texas, and taken him out riddled him with bullets. The cause of the act is unknown, nor the parties. GREEN Wells, colored, -vho shot and killed John D. Flynn at Columbus, Tenn., Tuesday, was captured and lynched at midnight at Polk Station, Maury county, Tenn. NEAR Sutton, W. Va., Alex. Dunlap, a negro station laborer had a fight with Italians, and with a rifle kept fully 200 Italians at bay from early morning until ;he afternoon when he was arrested. In ;he fray he shot two of the Italians inflicting fatal wounds. "PROFS." Bush and Dodd, said to be Iroin Chicago, advertised an "airship" ex- aibition at Omaha and collected admission ees from 10,000 people whom they locked n the fair, grounds tfhile thej fled with the receipt*, the "airship" being mythical. FANNY JAIUIET, of Jackson countv, Georgia, poisom d her father because he whip- x . her for meeting her lover against his wishes. A MOB stopped a train at Bardsley Thursday night and took from the sheriff Dennis Hampton, colored, who is charged with the murder of E. H. Weber. He was probably lynched. EDWARD HOKING, one of the most prominent citizens of Pan Argyl, Pa., and 1 member of the borough council, has just absconded, taking with him, it is alleged, some S8.000 or £10,000. His wife is left in destitute circumstances. ' VARTY of vigilantes at Dunning, Neb., were attacked Saturday night by other vigilantes in pursuit of the same cattle ;hief the first had arrested. Each party .u the dark thought the other thieves, and a general shooting followed. Two persons were killed. WASHINGTON. REAR ADMIRAL CARTER, a retired naval officer, died Tuesday at Washington. THE United States supreme court Manlay sustained the "original package bill" lay. UNITED States Senator Call was ?e ilected by the Florida legislature Tuesday receiving fifty-one of the fifty four cast. THE employes of the United States reasurer's office have purchased a handsome diamond ring for presentation to Mr. J. N, Hudson, the lato treasurer. It ll bo forwarded to him at his homo in Indiana. THE United States supreme court has decided that persons injured on railroads md bringing suit for damages, are n t required to submit to an '.examination by company surgeons. LORD SALISBURY has at last made a sort of a reply to Secretary Blaine's proposition that a limited catch of seals in Alaskan waters 1 were permitted this season. It is not at all a decisive one; and is in "effect that the English premier is considering the proposal and will very soon announce his opinion. Silk Culture. Mrs. Carrie Williams a silk culturist of 3au Francisco, says the industry will be wrought into prominence at the world's fair. Over $400,000,000 is employed in the business annually and Americans have not taken enough interest in it. A company of Japanese direct from Tokio, has purchased a tract of land in San Diego, Cal., and will engage in the industry. San Francisco has a ladies • silk-cultuies society, the only one in the United States. Nicely Put. llurper's Bu/.nr. "Whatever became of that tall bpnd- some valet of yours, Lord Noodleby?" asked Miss Hobbs. "Oh, I had to discbawge him. Starng- ers would mix us up, ye know, aud take him tor Lord Noodleby, and me for the valet," returned the peer. "Oh, dear me!" said Ethel. "And doesn't that prove the truth of the old saying, 'Never judge by appearances! 1 " GRANT'S CHAM It Was Offered at Odds of Fifty to One and Was Promptly. Accepted. Capturing 1 a Manlpnr Fort With Only Eighty Men and Routing 4,000. Ah Incident of tho Recent Rebellion and Massacre of Her Majesty's Eastern Possessions. The story of Lieutenant Grant is al most too good a story to be true, and reads like one of those Mr. Rudyard Kipling invents, says Richard Harding Divisin Harper's Weekly. Its scene is laid in Mr. Kipling's own territory, and it deals with decoys and jungles, and the little darling Goorkbas of a whprn :Mr. Kipling is so fond and "with fo native f princes and rajah and hand-to-hand fighting and the glory of the British arms. In tho early part of April the Associated press, under the unfamiliar date line of Calcutta, told of a massacre in Manipur, wherever thht may be, where semi-barbarous native Indians rose against the representatives of the empress oi India and killed them treacherously while they were negotiating terms of peace, and trying te put the right rajab on tho throne from wbich troops of the wrong rajah had driven him. The news was partly rumor, partly horrible fact, and the names of many cojjtn.ssioners and officers were given as dead and us butchered after death. And at the end of each newspaper account was the brief stateuent: "Lieut. G_rant, who left Tatnur for Manipur with eighty men, has not been heard from. He is believed to be dead. It was a moat unimportant ending and an anli-climax. Nobody but the Grants, of Grant, in the Highlands of Scotland, who raised the "Black w 'atch." knew or cared about this unidentified and unknown Lieut. Grant. What was one lieutenant and eighty men to three commissioners and colonels > and the commissioners wives' and the picked troops of the Forty-fourth Gookbaa? hut on the days following came fuller and more accurate accounts of the massacre; and it was told bow theManipuri had shelled the Residency with the same cannon the empress of India had sent them as a token of her royal good feeling; and how the young officers and Mrs. Grimwood had escaped in ihe night, and traveled on foot by jungle paths for 120 miles living on roots, to be rescued at the last by Capt. Cowley hurrying forward with reinforcements; and how Mrs. Grimwpod's husband and the others who had left the Residency to arbitrate, had been cut into quarters, and thro era into the moat for the parish dogs to mangle as they pleased. It read like a page from the history of the Sepoy mutiny, like a modern version of the terrible stories of Cawnpore, Delhi, and Lucknow, and it was a blow at the British rule in India, and a trial to the hearts of every one who read it whether he read it in English or translated into a *'oreign tongue. But there was one saving clause, one paragraph jthat lightened the rest for every one who read it, for Lieutenant Grant, the unknown, marching, unconscious of massacres, between Tatnur and Manipur, had at last been "heard from." His paragraph came at the end, as it had on the day before, modestly, as became his rank, behind the colonels arid commissioners. "Lieutenant Grant," it read, "with 80 men, has defeated 4,000 Mani- puri, and has taken Fort Thobitl." Now nobody knew whether Fort Thobal was bristling with cannon or a mud embankment, but every one could appreciate that SO into 4,000 goes fifty times, and that Lieutenant's Grant's chance was only one in fift.y vhen he charged up the wall of Fort Thobal, and drove the Manipuri across and over the other side. And all over the world, thanks to telegrams and cables, the name and fame of Lieutenant Grant became momentous and familiar, not only in the clubs of London, but in the elevated cars of New York, and at breakfast tables from Paris to Portland, Oregon. For if all the world loves a lover, it loves a hero next, and the chance that came to Lieutenant Grant, aud the way he rose to it, became a brilliant spot in the gloomy tale of treachery, butchery, and blundering of thd Manipuri massacre. .Lieut. Grant held Fort Thobal for three days, and thsn repulsed the Manipuri again at Along- taing in a fight that lasted three long_hot hours, during which the Senaputty prince and his two commanders were killed, and the Maripuri were driven off into the jungle by Lieut. Grant's men of the Second Burmahs. Gen. Sir Frederick Roberts, the Commander-in-chief of the Indian army, has congratulated Lieut. C. J. W. Grant, which is us it should be, and Punch has given him a full page all to himself; it is also as it should be that Lieut. Grant-is as handsome as his portrait, shows him to be, and that he is only 30 years old. "It is the boys—the raw boys—who do the Dght- in^," Mulvaney says'; and though Lieut. Grant is no raw recruit, ho is a boy in years, and the Second Burmahs are but newly formed. Now, while the Inme government sends out more comml- aons to determine who blundered and \yho should be punished, let us hope that some other board of investigation and in quiry will do more for Lieut. Grant than, congratulate him, and that he may go to Simla on leave, and ride with all the pretty girls, and wear cool things and drink the wine of praise and approval, and keep out of the clutches of Mrs, Hauksback. And in time he may get his regiment and become a K. C. Who know? And in Ihe meanwhile his father, Lieut.- Gen. D. G. S. St. J. Grajit, who is now in London, goes to all of his many clubs that the members may say, "Ah, Grant, fine boy, that of yours; ought to be proud ot him." And then tho lieutenant-general says, "Pooh! pooh! only did his, duty;" and then goes home and tells his wife everything they say. Perhaps this may seem to you a great deal of bother about one young man; but do not think of what he did, but of what he might have done. He might have said: "I have no instructions to take Fort Thobal. • I have aoright to risk my men's lives at odds of fifty to one. 1 ought to make a masterly detour and show my strategic knowledge and leave Fort Thobal and the 4,000 Manipuri alone." Who would have blamed him? Fabion would have done it. But Lieu- „ tenant Grant walked right up the siud for a cold." wall and over the other side. It was his slight cold. wtaiva, .yon see, and he took it; tod it fc ftches the moral that when one's chance comes it is i^uch better to be repotted as "heard from" than "missing." ' THE TH A.MES EMB ANKMEN'T.. A Wonderful Work ot EaglneeHnfc, the History ol Whichfs Forgotten. As the seat of an extensive commerce and internal trade. Roman London was as eminent in antiquity as it .is to-day. Its monuments^ the memorials of its greatness, prove its prominence. One of these, if it is Roman work, which is uncertain, is the embankment of the river Thames. This immense work is quite unequalled by'any of the labors of the modern English engineers. For thirty- seven miles along the course of the stream lofty moUnds confine the river within fixed bounds, and offe* a secure path to the navigator. On each side tho country spreads out far below the embankment, and more than once the waters have bro* ken through, overspread the lowlands, and left desolation around them. The En- lish had neglected to repair and strengthen the banks of the river, and were indebted to the skill of a Dutch engineer for the restoration of the Roman work. "The Thames from Richmond,"says Mr. Smiles, "is an artificial river." How many years of ceaseless toil, of acute engineeing skill, and vast expense were _ employed £on this unequalled work no history relates, ^10 record even suggests. Some authorities attribute the embankment to the Belgic traders, before the Roman invasion; others, even to the monks of middle ages. But there is good reason to suppose that the true authors of the chief improvements on the Thames were the Romans. Similar work on almost an equal scale exists in other p_arts of England, and we have the complaintof the subject Britons that thej were worn out and consumed in clearing the woods and embanking the fens. Not that the hapless natives were ever treated by their Roman taskmakers as harshly as were the savages of Hayti and Cuba by the Spanish discoverer, but they outlived their conqueror. Before these embankments were made, the country below London was an immense feu, or marsh, over which the tide flowed incessantly. The town could have been ouly a collection of rude houses seated on the rising ground above the river. It was already a seat of considerable, trade even before the Roman conquest. But the genins and skill of the Roman engineers, if the Romans built the embankment, gave it those unequalled facilities for traffic that have secured its commercial supremacy in every age. By the embankment the Thames was confined within bounds; many acres of land were added to the agricultural domain, while along the fine highways of the river a ceaseless, procession of vessels of every size and form moved up and down, il'hey came, as Strapo tells us, from the mouths o£ the Louire and the Garonne, the Seine and the Rhine. Some were war ships,, moved usually by oars, an_d distinguished by their sharp beaks of iron, and their crews-armed with spears and shields; some were-huge merchant vessels, propelled bj oars and sail, laden with rich cargoes of eastern manufactures, with the wines of Italy,, and the artistic wares of Greece; some sailing down the river from the docks of London, would sarry the tin, lead, furs, and the corn and cattle of the west to the ports of Gaul and Spain. Julian found in Britain the necessary supplies for his perishing soldiers in Germany, aud the immense store he drew from it when famine prevailed on the continent show the general cultivation and prosperity of the island. His six hundred corn ships were hastily built in the forest or Ardennes, and possibly landed only on the southern shore; if we allow them a burden of one; hundred tons each, they would equal the capacity of at least six Urnprias or Etrurias, and the very name of our modern argosies recalls the Italian teachers of our ancestors.—From "Roman London," by EUOENE LAAV- NCIS, in nisHarpar'a Magazine for May Color ou Juries. "No person charged with a crime involving life or liberty is entitled^by virtue of the constitution of the United States to have represented upon the grand jury that may indict him or upon the petit jury that may try him." Such is the law as laid down by the high- e&t court of the nation in the case of Jugrio, who complained that no _ Japanese were on the grand jury that indicted him of murder. The same principle was applied in the case of Wood with respect to colored jurors. The question raised ia not a new one. It just came up some years ago in Virginia jury case«. The law as then ex- ponded by the court is that a state may not exclude colored citizens from the jury either by statute, by official action or by systematic practice. At the same time a colored prisoner is not entitled to a colored or mixed jury. He caunot claim as a right that even one colored person shall be among the twelve. What the law requires is that the jury shall be drawn fairly and indiscriminately from the community. If this results in, a white jury a colored prisoner has no ground for complaint. To object successfully he must show that colored persons have been purposely excluded because of their race. ' Host Girls. No more pitiful story has been told iu the papers than that of the two little girl& lost in the sand hills of western Nebraska. It is a terrible thing to think of a child lost in the city and scores of mothers had the experience over the few hour's absence of little children wandering and half crazed about the city, but with what pitiful tenderness will the hearts of mothers and fathers turn to the two little wanderers in the :il most desert region of a newly settled country? Who can picture the sufferings of an eight-year-old gi rl who in the wild wanderings of five or six days made the distance of seventy-five miles. The stout- e&t men, those most resourceful when lost under such conditions, suffer in mind and body, and what must have been the sufferings of this little one, wandering for days where there was little to sustain life, and where the solitude was as great as though the child had been in the middle of the great desert A Much is occasionally said of the fortitude and the endurance of Indian children subjected to privation and danger, but here is a case of endurance and fortitue on the part of a white child but as remarkable as anything related of Indian children. A Frleud'tt Advice. ' Yankee Blade, Tom: "You've a cold, Jaak." -Jack (positively): "No, I have not." Tom: "Oh, yes, you have. Better take a drink of this whiskey—best thing in. the world n ti*t •* i i/T T.. Tl _ Jack "I- Thanks." •I'guess I kave a EXCHANGED TRADES. Preacher and Counterfeiter Teach Each Other the Secrets of their Business. As a Result Both Are Now Behiud the Bars in the State of Illinois. A Detective Tells a Queer Story of Crime and Conversion. • CHICAGO, May 28.—Captain Porter, of the secret service, has returned from southern Illinois, where within the past week he has put behind the bars the preacher counterfeiters, George Vancil and Jeremiah. Holmes. - He tells a queer story of a mutual conversion in which counterfeiter became a preDcher^and a preacher a counterfeiter, Jerry Holmes was a counter f eiter and a general outcast in Duquoin, III. Rav. George Vancil wa a Baptist minister. He undertook to convert Holmes to Christianity after every one had given him up as incorrigible, the men met one night under the stars and Vancil preached a sermon to Holmes to such good effect that he professed repentance. He fell on the ground and de- dared he would renounce his evil ways and afterward said he had been converted like Paul on his way to Damacus. Holmes turned preacher and became pastor of a Campbellite church in the country near Duquoin. It was not long after this that Holmes gave Vancil some counterfeit money and Vancil passed it. This Vancil confesses, but he declares he took the money and continued the acquaintance of Holmes for the purpose of learning his secrets and exposing the gang of which Holmes was leader, "It makes, no difference where this places me," said Vancil, after he had been lodged in. a cell; because I have been serving God and roy country at one time. Serving God in preaching His word and my country in taking this money from those sinners that I might finally bring them to justice." Rev. Jerry Holmes held religious services in jail last .Sunday, preaching a fire and brimstone sermon. He was still possessed of the true spirit, he said, and glad he had confessed his sins, as they took a great weight off his mind. SOUTH AMERICA. AvKare-Fleld Opened for Future Expiration. There are portions of South America, which are unknown and inaccessible, but explorers of unquestionable ability and veracity have let in floods of light upon, regions which the public is prone to believe have been trodden by any save the savage Indian. Stieler's maps of South' America show at a glance what is known, and what unknown. The continuous lines of rivers, for example, are plotted from the mathematical observations of competent travelers*. The dotted lines indicate suppositional courses. The accuracy of these maps is astonishing. In a distance of a thousand miles on the upper Amazon, there exists only about a dozen trifling errors, such as a little town placed on the wrong side of the river, a secondary channel mistaken for a main channel around the island,, and a river emptying into the Amazon at the middle of a big bend instead of at its end. The- town had once stood where once represented on the map, but being burned had been built across the river;, and as the river is-subject to rapid changes, owing to the- erosion of! its banks, it is possible that other errors would, upon investigation, prove correct according to the latest observations available at the date of publication of the map.. A few suggestions will show where and how the love of exploiation. and adventure may be gratified with profit to the explorers and to.the world. Eastern; western,, and southern Pern are well known. So is western, middle,., and the more important portions of • eastern Ecuador, all of Bolivia, except the extreme northern part; all ot Colombia, except the southeastern portion;, all of Venezuela, except the southwestern and southeastern corners, the whole of British and French Guiana; all of Jiraz.il, except that portion north of the Amazon between the Rio Negro and the Rio Parue. While there are many extensive areas in the other portions of these countries which are only indifferently known, the information at hand concerning them is sufficient to render possible very accurate reasoning regarding the means of developing their re- soiarceK. Their general physical aspects are comprehended; we icnow their natural products, the number and extent of their navigable rivers, the ordinary facilities of communication, the character of their inhabitants, and the presence or absence" of organized government. Southern 'Colombia and southern Ecuador, however, offer a rare field for intelligent exploration. Although a mule road has been in use between Popayan and Quito for over 200 years, our knowledge of this region is most obscure. It has lain out of the route of ordinary travelers; landlocked, it has preserved its secrots of open passes, of mineral riches, and romantic landscapes, uu- broken to the present day. It is destined to assume importance as the encroaching links in that system of railroads, which will eventually make the dream of a Pan- American railroad a fact shall have left only this space to be traversed. A knowledge of its topography and resources would be of the utmost value. It is a journey which coulcl be made in a single summer. The route lies by way of Panama, and Buenaventura on the western coast of Colombia; thence by rail toward mountains, and across the western range to Cali, in the valley of Rio Cauca. Mule trains are constantly passing back and forth from Cali to Popayan, which latter town is near the head of the Cauca valley, in the em-erne south of Colombia. It ia the capital of the great state of Cauca, has long been a city of no little commeroi • al consequence, and boasts of a cathedral and such other buildings as are inseparable from the South American town of 20,000 inhabitants,

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