Herald and Review from Decatur, Illinois on December 20, 1971 · Page 1
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Herald and Review from Decatur, Illinois · Page 1

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Monday, December 20, 1971
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7 H Vol. 92-No. 298 DECATUR, ILLINOIS, MONDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1971 2 Sections 15 CENTS Kl ERA m Hanrahan, Slatemakers Meet on His Candidacy Chicago (AP) State's Atty. Edward V. Hanrahan of Cook County met Sunday with key Democratic leaders, apparently to determine whether he should remain a candidate for re-election despite being under indictment. The Chicago Sun-Times reported that the party hierarchy, led by Mayor Richard J. Daley, presented Hanrahan with formal papers to withdraw from the race. Hanrahan, charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice in connection with a 1969 raid by his office in which two Black Panther party leaders were killed, refused to comment on the closed session. The top Democrats at the meeting were the same men who slated Hanrahan Dec. 7 to run for another term. A ruling Friday by the Illinois Supreme Court concerning Hanrahan's indictment may have convinced party leaders that the indictment will not be resolved before the March 21 primary election. The Supreme Court issued a writ restraining Judge Philip J. Romiti of Circuit Court from conducting a hearing to determine the validity of the indictment returned against Hanrahan, one of his assistant, and 12 policemen. Judge Romiti granted last month a motion to hold the hearing and interview the 23 members of the special grand jury which indicted Hanrahan in June. Hanrahan contended that special prosecutor Barnabas Sears improperly influenced the grand jurors. Attorneys for Hanrahan obtained affidavits Good ornin The automated battlefield with its killings directed by computer and often executed by robots forms a new focus for criticism of the U.S. military role in Southeast Asia. PAGE 9. Sports The San Francisco 49ers gained a National Football League playoff berth by defeating Detroit. PAGE 13. Central Illinois Mason knew a bargain when it saw one, and now it has a civic center that has revitalized the entire community. PAGE 15. Decatur The employment picture for college graduates is looking up, but it's too early to determine just how the rosier forecasts will affect Millikin students. PAGE 3. Weather Central Illinois Mostly cloudy and warmer today, high 50 to 57. Partly cloudy tonight, little temperature change, low 34 to 39. Mostly cloudy Tuesday, turning colder, high in 50s. Index Central Illinois Scene Page 15 Classified 19-23 Comics 16 Crossword 8 Dear Abby 11 Decatur Scene - 19 Editorials 4 Jacobys on Bridge 10 Law for Today 4 Modern Living 10, H Movies 9 Obituaries 24 Radio-TV 8 Sports 13, 14 Weather 24 Your Health 10 from three grand jurors stating that they were coerced. Judge Romiti also has scheduled a hearing today on another motion by Hanrahan that the indictment be quashed since the grand jury did not accuse any of the policemen of a crime in the conduct of the raid. The defendants contend if no crime was committed, they cannot be charged with trying to obstruct prosecution. Romiti indicated Friday he may not make a ruling today. Yahya Resigns Today; Bhutto To Take Over Rawalpindi, Pakistan (AP) President Agha Mohammed Yahya Khan will resign today as soon as he hands over power to "the representatives of the people," a spokesman announced Sunday. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, deputy prime minister and foreign minister, is due today from New York to form a new government. During a stopover in Rome Sunday, Bhutto told reporters President Nixon had reaffirmed U.S. support for the principle of Pakistan's unity and sovereignty. Gen. Yahya Khan, 54, took power March 25, 1969, from president Mohammed Ayub Khan. Bhutto, leader of the largest single party in West Pakistan, seemed certain to head the government or play a major role in it. Bhutto was arrested under the Ayub regime and accused cf inciting Pakistanis to violence. Violent demonstrations forced Ayub to free him. In an announcement two weeks ago, Yahya had designated Nuril Amin, an East Pakistani politician, as the prime minister-designate and Bhutto as the deputy prime minister-designate and foreign minister-designate in a new government that was to take office early next year. But that announcement was made before Indian troops captured East Pakistan this past week. Amin, a 77-year-old right wing East Pakistani politician, said in an interview Saturday that he could not accept the appointment as prime minister in view of the developments. Amin was a political foe of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, leader of the East Pakistan-basd Awami League banned by Yahya in March on charges of plotting to break up Pakistan. Mujib was jailed on charges of treason and is believed still held in West Pakistan. Sources in Rawalpindi said Sunday that Mujib's trial has ended without immediate word of a verdict. They said Mujib sought a meeting with Yahya on the war, but the meeting did not take place. Air Marshal Mohammed Asghar Khan, retired chief of Pakistan's air force who joined with Yahya Khan in the movement to oust Ayub Khan, said Yahya should be tried for abrogating the 1962 constitution when he took power from Ayub in 1969, for policies leading to the loss of East Pakistan and for conducting the .war in a manner "in which he humiliated the army." Asghar told a news conference he holds the president "wholly responsible for chaos." COULDN'T RESIST Tokyo (AP) Acting on reports of missing mail, authorities searched the quarters of postman Akira Onishi, 24, and reported finding 2,783 letters. Police quoted Onishi as saying: "I simply couldn't resist reading other people's mail." "jgffit' " " "W" 1 """-'- "s-" - - - --1---"; " j - :xm mmmW mmmvm xmmWMmx mx - mmm mm jjpjp-!P i0ptHp:; !:i;p;;!;i!;;;yi:HMr: : . 'pf ' 'F i- : liffliiiiSilSiSlii , . . : r; ;!5;K' : liffliilllllW 1mmmmmm;mwxmMk m spiiir llflillilllllllSB - - -r,!,:,r 'iilly imS? a ; . , mm3msm:m mm m mmSMmMWms& ym-, .-. :r -mt xmm imm-:m i?' j " ::' j Wsffitw sippjj mmmiimmMmm-::i; .. frnsSi ylIiiliiB'l s;5':bPI Mxmim' !"s::. -r ' ' mxxxymmm zjmJ mm--'fm '''''m... 1' Wmmm m m m : ; . I:l: txxmmm ym.mmmmmm. Mmm,. .-,: . -;,, i:: - ;; f ; :. . - m&m 4 Tortured At Bangla By Horst Faas and Michel Laurent AP Photographers Dacca Each time a soldier lunged forward to stab his bayonet into one of the four tortured men, the hiss of excitement could be heard from the crowd. There was almost silence when the soldier turned and twisted the bayonet. When he stepped back, withdrew his rifle and raised the gleaming steel high, dripping blood, the crowd responded with a gutteral cry of "Joi Bangla" Victory to Bangla Desh. Some 5,000 men and children witnessed the merciless, bloodcurdling execution of four young men at the end of Bangla Desh's first public rally after the surrender of Pakistan's troops. None of the leaders of the Mukti Bahini, the military force of Bangla Desh, present at the rally could explain specific charges against the four men. "They are Razakars," said one, referring to the generally hated local militiamen known to have committed widespread murder, rape and looting under Pakistani command through the past nine bloody months. On the morning of the execution day Saturday at Dacca's Race Course, the mass graves of several hundred men, mostly intellectuals doctors, university professors and students had been found near Dacca. All had been tortured and murdered in the last days before the Pakistani surrender. Blood lust, burning hate and revenge have littered the streets of Dacca with corpses. The men, boys and Mukti Bahini soldiers who swarmed through the city toward the race course stadium for the rally, saw tortured dead in almost and Killed Desh Rally every street. According to Moslem custom, only men gathered for the rally beside the stadium. Mukti Bahini soldiers, dressed in an array of colorful uniforms, heavily armed and some wearing World War I British steel helmets, guarded the approaches to the speakers' stand. Never, during the whole incident, did anyone take note of the dozen or so Western newsmen who had come to cover a political rally and witnessed killing. A newsman who told Indian army commanders about the killings reported the generals were shocked and said disciplinary' action would be taken against those responsible. D. B. Cooper Is Alive and Well Somewhere (c) New York Times Seattle The name of D. B. Cooper is not legendary yet. It hardly ranks up there with Jesse James or Black Bart, but it is catching up. D. B. Cooper was the name listed by a man who successfully hijacked a Northwest Orient Airlines 707 jet passenger plane on Thanksgiving eve between Portland, Ore., and Seattle. He presumably parachuted safely from the plane in flight with $200,000 in ransom money after he ordered the crew to fly him from Seattle to Reno. It was the first plane hijacking in which the only motive appeared to be monetary gain. D. B. Cooper, if that is the hijacker's real name, is still at large. And he may be sending out letters to newspapers citing his reasons for his daring act. Associated Press Wirephoto A MUKTI BAHANI leader drags on a cigarette before putting it to the face of a young captive at a public rally in Dacca before the man and three others were executed. Gov. Gilligan Backs Muskie (c) New York Times Washington Gov. John J. Gilligan of Ohio, which will send the fifth-largest delegation to the Democratic National Convention next year, has decided to endorse Sen. Edmund S. Muskie of Maine for president. Gilligan's decision, awaited with keen anticipation by Democratic politicians, gives Muskie a good chance to win most of Ohio's 153 convention votes, brings to his campaign a liberal of national repute and adds new impetus to the ac-celerating Muskie bandwagon. This week The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Los Angeles Times and The Seattle Times each received a copy of a letter signed "D. B. Cooper." Whether in fact it was written by the hijacker has not been determined. The FBI is studying the letter. The letter to The New York Times, directed to "Sirs," said: "I knew from the start that I wouldn't be caught. "I didn't rob Northwest Orient because I thought it would be romantic, heroic or any of the other euphemisms that seem to attach themselves to situations of high risk. "I'm no modern day Robin Hood. Unfortunately I do have only 14 months to live. "My life has been one of hate, txirmoil, hunger and more hate; this seemed to be the fastest ancJ Viet Air War Entering New, Secret Phase (c) New York Times Saigon The American air war in Indochina has entered a new phase, with direct confrontations between U.S. and North Viet nam planes. For more than a year, most of the large-scale bombing campaign that is now the main arm of American combat involvement has been aimed at trucks on the North Vietnamese supply trails in Southern Laos. A smaller but still sizable number of missions are also flown in support of neutralist Lao ground troops battling North Vietnam soldiers on the Plain of Jars in Northern Laos. Only in recent months, the Communists have begun to challenge the bombers in the air over Laos with MG-21 fighters. The Americans have retaliated in the past by bombing some airfields in North Vietnam in large-scale raids and might do so again more massively in the future. Recently, Navy and Air Force planes have flown over the airfields in reconnaissance missions of the kind that would precede a bombing attack. High-ranking Air Force officials, who say they would like to continue to diminish American combat involvement and continue pulling out planes and closing down air bases, have expressed concern about the new threat posed by the VG-21's and by the surface-to-air missiles beyond South Vietnam's borders. It is clear from these expressions of concern, and from President Nixon's past declarations that what happens on the trails would have a decisive effect on his future decisions on troop and equipment withdrawals from Vietnam, that the new phase in the air war could be a crucial one. Up to now, U.S. government agencies in Saigon have tried to conceal these developments from the scrutiny of the public eye. All that American military authorities in Saigon say publicly about the air war over Laos is this: "Yesterday, U.S. aircraft, including U.S. Air Force B-52's, continued air operations along the Ho Chi Minn Trail in Laos." At this late stage in the Indochina conflict, the air war is one of the largest but least publicized military operations in history, known to the enemy but not to the American Public. The only detailed and specific information on air missions outside Vietnam all information about MIGs and missiles, for example comes from pilots, who are not supposed to talk about them. Some Air Force commanders consented to interviews for this story but most insisted they should not be quoted or identified. most profitable way to gain a few fast grains of peace of mind. "I don't blame people for hating me for what I've done nor do I blame anybody for wanting me to be caught and punished, though this can never happen. "Here are some (not all) of the things working against the authorities: "I'm not a boasting man "I left no fingerprints "I wore a toupee "I wore putty make-up "They could add or subtract from the composite a hundred times and not come up with an accurate description: and we both know it. "I've come and gone on several airline flights already and am not holed up in some obscure backwoods town. Neither am I a psycho-pathic killer. As a matter of fact I've U.S. Gains Europe F Washington (AP) Devaluation of the dollar was declared Sunday to be worth more than 500,000 new jobs for Americans, but Germany and Japan worriedly weighed steps to cushion the economic shock of their upward currency revaluations. Foreign exchange markets were expected to remain closed today in all industrial nations except the United States and Canada, in the wake of the drastic currency changes announced Saturday night by the Group of Ten richest non-Communist countries. Governments generally termed the agreement a reasonable compromise and a welcome assurance that stability would be restored to disrupted world commerce. But the Japanese foreign minister called it "the greatest economic shock" to his country since World War II, and political foes of Prime Minister Eisaku Sato accused his government of "neglecting the Japanese people's welfare." In both Japan and Germany the countries whose currencies changed most drastically in relation to the dollar special measures were being considered to help exporters expecting to be hurt by what amounts to a steep price increase for their products in world markets. Tonic for Market The pact was expected to be a tonic, however, for the wobbly stock market. Stock prices rose sharply when President Nixon six days ago declared this country's readiness to devalue the dollar by raising the price of gold. That action, raising the price of gold from the historic $35 an ounce to $38 made politically possible the upward revaluation of the mark, yen and other cur-rencies and related agreements to remove trade barriers which Nixon Saturday called "the most significant ! mnnptarv affrppmpnt in fhp history of the world." Little if any impact will be felt by American consumers any time soon. But the realignment in effect, a lowering of the prices of American goods in foreign markets by an average of 12 per cent is expected to help rebuild American competitiveness in world trade. Economists have predicted a strong election-year upswing in export - related industries. Donald Rumsfeld, director of the Cost of Living Council, estimated Sunday the effect would be to create 500,000 to 666,000 jobs. Rise in Demand Rumsfeld's prediction was based on the expected rise in demand for U.S. goods because of their being more competitively priced. He gave his estimate on the NBC TV-radio program "Meet the Press." Dr. Milton Friedman of the University of Michigan, reached never even received a speeding ticket. "Thank you for your attention." Despite the writer's disclaimers, many people in the Pacific Northwest do visualize D. B. Cooper as a 1971 version of Robin Hood. "We all like adventure stories," said Dr. Otto Larsen, sociology professor at the University of Washington in Seattle, analyzing that attitude. "That hijacker took the greatest ultimate risk. He showed real heroic features mystery, drama, romanticism, a high degree of skill and all the necessities for the perfect crime. "This man was neither political nor neurotic. His motive was simply $200,000, and people can understand that much better." New Jobs; aces Trauma at Ely, Vt.', said the monetary agreement " primarily formalizes the situation as it existed before the agreement." "What matters is not the bookkeeping price of gold," he said, "but the exchange rates between the different currencies, taking into account the elimination of the surcharge." "The worst thing about the agreement from the international point of view is that it re-establishes a system of fixed exchange rates which is bound sooner or later to bring further monetary crises. 'A Great Mistake' "From the U.S. point of view I believe it will prove a great mistake to have agreed to a bookkeeping change in the price of gold. "By cutting the links between the dollar and gold on Aug. 15, President Nixon set the dollar free as it should have been many years ago. By agreeing to a new price of gold he has taken the first step on the road to entering once again into a commitment binding the dollar to gold or some other international asset. The U.S. would be far better served by keeping the dollar free." Americans overseas will be able to buy less with their dollars. German autos, French wine and perfume, British woolens and Japanese cameras will be more expensive because they are priced in higher-valued currencies. , Prices of imported goods will rise in the United States also, but the impact on U.S. living costs will be small because imports represent only about 4 per cent of American purchases. And the effect will be largely if not wholly offset, in most cases, by simultaneous removal of the U.S. 10 per cent import surcharge, which was passed on to consumers in price markups. IMF Approves The International Monetary Fund, whose board of directors worked until after midnight Saturday to plan the reorganization of IMF activities, announced its rules Sunday for widening to 2.25 per cent the range in which currencies may fluctuate from the newly fixed exchange rates. The new range was agreed on by the Group of Ten finance ministers to help correct the problem that arose for Germany and other governments when the dollar weakened in their money markets. To maintain the stated relationship of marks to dollars under IMF rules, the German government had to buy up unwanted dollars. With the new range of 2.25 per cent on either side of the established rate, the fluctuation can be much wider before a government is obliged to step in with stabilizing purchases or sales. This also discourages speculators; if they are betting on a revaluation of the mark, for instance, they must wait longer and take a bigger risk. Only five governments Japan, West Germany, Britain, Italy and Belgium officially announced their new currency values Sunday. Others were expected to follow suit today, but in the meantime only the approximate changes were known. The West German government said the revaluations the U.S. devaluation plus the German upvaluation amounted to a 13.57 upward revaluation of the mark in terms of the dollar. One dollar will be worth 3.223 marks. MT. ETNA ACTIVE Catania, Sicily (AP) Columns of black smoke poured from the volcanic crater cf ML Etna all day Sunday and a series of explosions was heard coming from the volcano. Mt. Etna, which erupted with devastating results to cropland and orchards for three months last spring, has been mildly active for the past three days.

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