The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on May 20, 1891 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 20, 1891
Page 6
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THE UPPER DES MOINES, ALGOJsA JO WA 4 WEDNESDAY, MA^ 20 4 1891, WflAT DISINFECTION IS, PEOPLE GENERALLY DO Not UNDERSTAND THE PROCESS. deodorant! nnd DlRlnfectantft Ard Commonly Confused—FucU Abont So Called HarmleM Preparations—Simple Bnlca for the Sick Room. "There is a common error in the public mind -which confounds the idea of •dors with that of disinfection," said itr. Cooper McGinn, chief clork of the department of public health. "When" iver the question of disinfection arises deodorants and disinfectants should be temoved as far as possible from one another in consideration. Disinfection is Oiie thing and deodorizing another, It is all very well to supply an odor that is agreeable in connection with the iise of an agent which accomplishes its purposes as a 'germicide,' but the idea that substituting an odor of carbolic acid, or I might Hay 'attar of roses,' for »ny one of the indefinable odors or putrefaction results in the purification of the atmosphere upon which the two are borne is entirely fallacious. "People do not think of using oil of peppermint, oil of sassafras or any one of the numerous agents whose pungency acts acutely upon the membranes of tho nose, but they take it for granted that the carbolic or pine tar odors accomplish Something different. They do not. "The agents employed in disinfection •which accomplish results are generally injurious, and are to bo handled with care. Whenever a person tells you that ho has a disinfectant which is absolutely harmless, then set it down that ho is tolling you tho truth in every respect. If It cannot harm tho human in any way then it certainly won't do any damage to the 'micro-organisms' it ia intended to destroy. If you can give it to tho children to play with, then tho best thing to do with it is to put it in tho sower and look for something that is dangerous to the 'bacteria,' and which you can, under proper instructions and with an intelligence supposed to bo superior to that of the infinitesimal enemy you are combat- Ing, use to destroy him. ABOUT DISINFECTANTS. "The unquestioned authority in tho United States on this subject is Dr. George M. Steruborg, and tho information evolved from his research, taken in connection with that of his colleagues of the American Public Health association, forms tho text book which is followed by every health officer, health organization and intelligent practitioner in the land. "He has told us of the misapprehen- Bion and the injurious consequences which result from such misapprehension and misuse of the term disinfectant. He citoe as an example the use of sul- lanascape was as beautiful as a day in June. Mr. Betts shut himself tip and wrestled with the secrets of nature. At last he ' fay gravel, and his patent is ap- a large rubber ball filled with gun cotton or dynamite," he explained "which will be hurled with terrific force at the advancing cyclone. The explo sive will have a fuse to it which will be Ignited automatically." He further explained that the propelling instrument was so arranged that il always pointed at the cyclone. The ball vaa thrown after the wind had attained a certain velocity. Mr. Betts has had a great deal of trouble in arranging this last detail, For he found that if he set it at too low a notch the machine would go off in stiff breeze and throw the rubber ball of dynamite over into a neighboring pasture or down into a cow lot, doing great and immediate damage to the cows without any material advantage. Then, again, if tho machine were set too high, it would not got into active operation until after the entire family had crossed the Dark Eiver and the cyclone was in the next county. Mr. Betts says there is no question but that a dose of dynamite will knock any cyclone cold. Tho machines can bo put on a high pole out of the reach of goats and children.—Chicago In tor-Ocean. an phate of iron, a salt which has been extensively used with tho idea that it is a Valuable disinfectant, and he informs us that this salt in saturated solution does not destroy the vitality of disease germs or the infective power of material containing them, while, nevertheless, it is very valuable as an antiseptic, and its low price makes it one of the most val- . liable agents for the arrest of putrefactive decomposition. "The health officer has issued a circular giving information in extenso regarding the methods to be employed in disinfection of various kinds, and this circular may bo obtained upon application; but to give as briefly as possible an idea of what, in tho information of the present day, it is proper to use in order to secure results in the work of disinfection, I cannot do better than condense from Sternborg about as follows: "In the sick room, in case of diphtheria, scarlet fever, etc., tho sputa of the sick can, and should be, destroyed by fire. Excreta may be disinfected with a solution of chloride of lime, made by dissolving the chloride in the proportion of six ounces to a gallon of water. DISINFECTING THE SICK BOOM. "Clothes can be thoroughly disinfected by boiling for half au hour in water. If tho heated water is not at hand, the clothes should be immersed in a solution containing one dram to the gallon of corrosive sublimate (mercuric chloride), or one ounce to a gallon of puro tjArboho acid, care being taken not to placo tho mercuric chloride solution in motnl vessels, but rather in a wooden tub or earthen crock. This method does not apply to clothing or bedding which eannot bo washed; this can only bo properly disinfected by being subjected to superheated steam in a suitable steam disinfecting apparatus. "Tho general plan employed in disin- fection of the atmosphere, together with the surroundings in tho room, is by means of sulphurous acid gas, secured by the combustion oi' sulphur. Tho sulphur, in powder or small fragments, is placed in a shallow iron pan (about three pounds for each 1,000 cubic ,i'eet of air space), which, after being' moistened with alcohol, is ignited, all measures for thorough closing of every wperturo in the room having been previously taken. In order to gua.-d against lire, it is advised that the pan should bo set upon a couple Of bricks in a tub partly filled with water. "After tho room lias been fumigated (lie walls should then bo washed with a disinfecting solution, such as that referred to for use in immersing clotliPH previously to their being boiled. There urn any number of other agents employed in thoiiold of disinfection, but this is about all I should consider it necessary to refer to. "Prevention, it should be remembered, is better than euro, and is certainly better than godliness in warding off. disease that comes by means of infection."— Washington Post. BIr. Butts' Cyclono AnnltilliUor. Mr; Edward Daniel Betts is an artist and u man with a sharp eye. lie read the other day about some hunter on tho plains, who was pursued by a relentless cyclono. In sheer ili-spcnil inn tho huutor turned anil lived Ins iru.-iy ri.'t-.. at lh,> rapidly approachm;; funnel :,lui[)i'ddnuil. Instantly tin; wind began lo lost- its and iu UJHS than a minute tho Tornis Thut Boally Moan the Snmo. The English language must appear fearfully and wonderfully mode to a foreigner. One of them, looking at a number of vessels, said, "See what a flock of ships." Ho was told that was a fleet, and that a fleet of sheep was a flock, and, it was added, for his guidance in mastering the intricacies of our language, that a flock of girls is called a bovy, and a bevy of wolves ia called a drove, and a drove of thieves is called a gang, and a gang of warriors is called a host, and a host of porpoises is called a shoal, and a shoal of buffaloes is called a herd, and a herd of children is called a troop, und a troop of partridges is called u pack, and a pack of swans is called a whiteness, and a whiteness of geese is called a gaggle, and a gaggle of brant is called a gang, and a gong of ducka is called a team. A team of widgeon is called a company (or trip), and a company of teal is called a flock, and a flock of snipe is called a whisp, and a whisp of bitterns and herons is called a sedge, and a sedge of plovers is called a flock, and a flock of larks is called an exaltation, and an exaltation of beauties is called a galaxy, und a galaxy of ruffians is called a horde, nnd a horde of rubbish is called a heap, and a heap of oxen is called a drove, and a drove of blackguards is called a mob, and a mob oi' whales is called a school, and a school of worshipers is called a congregation, and a congregation of soldiers is called a corps, and a corps of sailors is called a crew, and d crew of robbers is called a band, and a band of ' bees is called a ewarm, and a swarm of people is called a crowd.—Ashton (Eng.) Reporter. Bho Waa Hurolo In Her Way. A somewhat amusing incident occurred at an English provincial theater during a performance of "Called Back." Early in tho evening an old lady took up her seat in the balcony and concentrated her attention on the play. When ' Antony received his coup de grace at' the hands of Macari tho lady became very excited and fainted. She was taken down to the vestibule, and on recovery it was suggested she should leave the theater. This, however, she declined to do, being anxious to witness, as she put it, "the beautiful play." She accordingly returned to her seat, apparently well. The vision scene iu Act I next proved too much for her, and again she fainted. Once more restoratives were applied, and sho declared her Weigh* 075 PonndA) T*ant« to Weigh 1,000 Before his recent visit to wonderland, in this city, John Harmon Craig hat" traveled more than 400,000 miles. It is a long journey, but John has much size. The floor over which John may choose to walk must be prepared to withstand a strain of 975 pounds. Nevertheless he eats and sleeps regularly, and consequently is healthy. His ambition is to weigh 1,000 pounds, which would shatter the records of both historical and mythological heavy weights. He thinks he will do it soon, unless his anxiety to do so retards his growth. "It has been the law with people ol abnormal weight and size," said Mr. Craig during his recent exhibition here "to be short lived and subject to violeni attacks of illness. I am the only one who has enjoyed throughout life perfecl health." Craig has accumulated several fortunes, and lost two or three in an attempt to run a circus. He yet possesses a bank account well proportioned to his own size. Besides being a fat man he is a Knight of Pythias, Odd Fellow and United Workman. Those that know him best say tliat he is also a regular bureau of charity. He was born in Iowa City, Ia., and is thirty-five years old. At birth he weighed eleven pounds. At eleven months he weighed seventy-seven pounds, and at the age of two years he weighed 206 pounds. He was the biggest baby in the world for his age, and captured the $1,000 cash prize offered by Barnum in 1858. For the next two years he traveled in Europe. When he returned he weighed 800 pounds, and a year later he weighed 405 pounds. When twenty-five years old he weighed 635 pounds. There is a Mrs. Craig and a Mr. Craig, Jr. Mrs. Craig is a blonde, twenty-four years' of ago, and weighs 117 pounds. They met for the first time in St. Jo- 3eph in 1884, when Craig was on exhibition there. It was a case of love at first sight for both, and in less than a week after the meeting matrimonial negotiations had ended successfully. They were married in Fort Scott, Kan., two weeks later. Craig's father weighed 117 pounds, his mother 125 pounds.—Kansas City Star. Something Now in Decoration. A California invention has just been patented which bids fair to revolutionize ihe methods now in 'vogue for decorat- ,ng glass and porcelain. Tho object of ;he invention is to so decorate such surfaces as to produce and permanently fix upon them impressions of figures, por- iraits or scenery. A sheet of glass or porcelain is covered vith an emulsion, and after being sub- ected to a dry heat is placed over a pho- ragraph, engraving, etching or any kind of drawing. The glass or porcelain, after being sensitized, is exposed for about three minutes in a strong sunlight. After the exposure is made the picture is developed by the use of ceramic powders of any color desired. The powder is taken dry and sifted evenly in the desired locations and brushed over with a soft brush. Gradually the images develop on the plates, green foliage, brown trunks and branches appear, vivid and true to nature. When the image is thus developed a thin coating of flux is applied, the plate is pivt into a firing furnace, and the picture that only a small quah'htywas ne to increase the fluidity of the metal. It rendered* the iron ductile, and in low grades acted as a purifier. Tho product of the alloy was a homogeneous metal of very fine pores, capable of higher finish than before. The slag expelled by its use contained no metal, and was very light. In the treatment of iron with only one per cent, of this new ore the former's tensile strength was increased from 10 to 25 per cent. Using only half of one per cent, of this or in a mixture with copper, I found that it gave the metal greater density and a ereat increase—from 60 to 100 t)er cent.—of tensile strength. The resulting metal, too, is capable of a high polish. In a word, I found that the ore increased the tensile strength and the fluidity under heat of both these metals and makes them both of finer grain. It is non-corrosive." Mr. Clarke produced a handful of the ore—a substance that looked like a fine sandstone, save that it was black, and many pieces of it presented highly polished surf aces as smooth as a bit of glass. Mr. Clarke refused to state the location of the field, which, he said, was exposed over the space of an acre, as he is trying to get control of it first.—Cor. Chicago Tribune. Shot tho Horses to End tho Itnnaway. Deputy Marshal Tom Smith has returned from the territory and tells of a thrilling experience of his a few nights ago. He and Deputy Marshal Booker were driving across the prairie between midnight and day. In crossing a ditch Booker, who was driving, pitched head first over the dashboard on the ground. The horses became frightened and ran. Smith was in the buggy helpless, as the lines had fallen outside. He had no knowledge of tho country and did not know what moment he would go over a precipice or into a barbed wire. He was afraid to jump lest he should break his neck or a limb. So he leveled his Winchester and began firing at the horses, and three or four shots brought them down. Tho horses cost Smi th $150 apiece, but he got the man he started after.— Dallas News. Fervent Lightning. Quite a strange freak of lightning was witnessed at the home of Mr. William Henry Morton in Athens. During the rainstorm that came up about noon a Bash of lightning struck the rod over the house, melting it instantly. The current was not content with this, but leaped to tho tin gutter and melted it all around the house, pouring the molten metal in heavy streams to the ground below. The lightning then flashed through one corner of the house, paid a visit to the people in the room below, ran tout along an iron pipe to a tin basin on the back piazza and nelted it completely, and followed an ron pipe to the well, fully fifty feet from the house. The damage to the woodwork of the house was very slight, but all of the metal with which it came in contact was melted.—Atlanta Constitu- lion, ing plants can be put in at once, sweet peas in the open ground should be planted . at the earliest opportunity; they ehotdd make their best growth in the cooler weather of the spring. Lawns can be seeded to grass as soon as the ground can be properly put in order. All kinds of work that can be done in the garden should be pushed along and be out of the way when the hurrying time comes later, as it surely will.— Vick's Magazine. A Bummer Rvaort in Berkshire. Several citizens of New York city, Poughkeepsie, Mount Washington and Great Barrington have organized the South Berkshire club for the purpose oi establishing a summer resort for them' selves and families at Sky farm, Moun Washington, the birthplace of Elaine and Dora Q-oodale. Those best known in the vicinity as active in the enterprise are H. F. Keith, of Mount Washington B. B. Goodale, F. L. Pope, of New York and Lawyer A. C. Collins, of Great Bar rington. The farm t of 600 acres is to be called Taconic Woodland, and be lai( out as a park of sixty-five shares, and i is expected that a shareholder will builc a cottage upon each lot and have a sixty fifth interest in the property of the association. The club house for the entire company will be the historic Sky Farm cottage from which a magnificent view is ob tained in every direction. The house will contain dining rooms, parlor anc library, with accommodations for tran sient guests. Thirty shares are already subscribed for, and the lots are sold only to approved parties under .proper restric tions. The town of Mount Washington is in the southwestern part of Berkshire county, and was organized June 21 1779. Previous to its incorporation it was known as Tauconnuck Mountain meaning the great wooded mountain, and here were made, about 1693, the earliest settlements in Berkshire.— Springfield Republican. becomes permanent. Chronicle. — San Francisco intention of staying to the end. Nothing occurred in Act H to arouse her sympathies, but the Siberian scene iu Act HI, in which Dr. Ceneri shuffles off the mortal coil, again upset her neves, and once more she fainted. By this time the man- Dnrango's Tin Mine. With reference to the reported discovery of a very rich tin mine about forty-five miles from the city of Durango, John Pershmaker, the owner, says the discovery of the vein was almost an accident. He had gone to what is known as the Diabalt mine for the purpose of examining the yield of metal bearing ores, not knowing that tin had ever been found there. He found a shaft about 800 feet deep, which had passed through two light veins of gold, iron and silver bearing ores. On making a closte examination of the sides of the shaft he noticed a large and agement had had enough of the tiling, I very rich lead of oxide and tin. He ran and the old lady was sent away in a cab to her residence, not far off.—Jester. Shu v In u Ia DancerouH. Wo have often heard that shaving the face with a razor was a bad thing; that it injured the nerves and caused weak eyes; that it removed the natural covering from the throat and neck, and that altogether it was thoroughly physiological. A writer in The Medical Classics has been looking into this matter a little moro closely. By tho aid of a micr^- scopo applied to a closely shaven face ho discovered that tho skin resembles a piece of raw beef, Tho razor removes not only the hair, but also a portion of the cuticle. Tho blood vessels thus exposed are not visible to tho naked eye, but under the microscope euch littlo quivering mouth holds a drop of blood. Tho nervo lips are also uncovered nnd tho pores aro left unprotected, making the skin tender and unhealthy, and the person is liable to have colds, hoarseness nnd soro throat. a horizontal tunnel for a short distance, striking a vein of ore over four feet wide and composed of a solid mass of oxide of tin, assaying from 50 to 60 per cent, of the pure metal. There is no sulphur in it whatever, so that the work of reducing the ore simply amounts to the work of smelting and casting into ingots,—New York Telegram. mains in i> U |.i s , Ladies of the world in Paris have introduced iv now fad, and this is to go und dino with their husbands and brothers at tho Corclo do la Rue Boyalo. These dinners take placo in private salons attached to the club, and aro the most select and choice littlo feasts im- aginablo, tho cooking being of tho very best. The Marquis Uo Mornay gave one of theso dinners to several of his friends. Tho table was decked under a canopy of Something New in Vests. The skeleton vest has a full vest front and an open bnck. The collar and a piece of tho shoulder top run all the way around, thus affording sufficient body for a proper shoulder set. Tho vest is then fastened around the waist by a belt. These skeleton vests are made in two sizes. One sizo will fit a 83, 84, 86 or 88 bust, and the other will fit a 40 to 40. Tho garment sits beautifully aud fits tho figure perfectly. The main features are that it does away with u great deal of weight and useless material and makes a very cool garment.—Mercer, An Important Letter. Technicalities of tho law are being used to an advantage in the Walker county court. A party was charged with tho theft of cigars. The county attorney, in drawing up tho complaint, charged tho accused with the theft of "nin" cigars. The defendant's lawyer succeeded in having the case thrown out of court because tho letter "e" was omitted from the word ''nine," nnd showed that tho accused did not nppro- A Flash from an Electric Car. Richard H. Earle, the insurance agent who lives in Worthington street, had a jecnliar and rather startling experience with electricity early one evening recently through the medium of tho elec- iric cars. He was crossing Main street ust below State street, where the Forest park line ends, and happened to pass the rear of an electric car j ust as it started on its southward trip. He went very close to the car, perhaps within a foot, he thinks, and as he went by there came from beneath the car a flash ns of lightning, which seemed to start from the wheels and strike him on the left side under the arm. No harm seemed to have been done, and Mr. Earle continued on his way. Just as he turned down Howard street to go to the house of an acquaintance, Carl Wunsch, he felt a pain in his side as if he was being roughly rubbed. When he reached Mr. Wunsch's house the latter exclaimed that something was burning, and on Mr« Earle's unbuttoning his overcoat smoke and flame came out, and it took lively work on the part of Mr. and Mrs. Wunsch and Mr. Earle to save the clothing. On examination it Was found that the overcoat and undercoat had been burned through from the outside, and also the vest as far as the lining. The hole in the overcoat is two or three inches wide and four or five inches long. A leather book in the undercoat containing some papers was badly burned on the lower end and the papers therein were scorched. Mr. Earle thinks there is no doubt that tye mischief was caused by the spark from the electric car, and no other solution of the matter seems possible, since Mr. Earle does not smoke, and the burns in the clothing f_re not of the sort to be started from such a source. The street railway tracks were very wet that night, nnd this of itself would tend to dissipate the electric fluid as it entered the vails. Taken altogether, Mr. Earle's experience Was certainly a singular one.—Springfield Republican. — .-~ If MM V»\-V«.WJH UllUUl It LliUUIJy Ul . . . . . * * tea roses, and the cloth was concealed I pmto , " Uln c . 1{rai ' s belou S in S to some by a Held of Russian violets, which filled the room with their intoxicating perfume.— San Francisco Argonaut. The household of Hiram Kutliless, 01 Mechnnicsburg, O., is deeply distressed by tho remarkable conduct of an "apparition." The spook has been in regulation style rapping on the walls, gliding through passage ways and making general mischief. Recently tho ghost has tnkiMi In such practical work as shoveling i:iul into the stove and setting the bi-i-..Krint table, and Mrs. Ruthless is about dispensing with tho serv- tlw» hired girl.—Philadelphia ono else to his own (Tex.) Messenger. use.—Madisonville Suys Uo Hits Found u New Motul. George A. Clarke, an experienced ironworker of Boston, claims to have discovered an ore in the Rocky mountains which ho believes is new to the world. He says of it: "I took specimens of the oro to ns- sayersiu Cincinnati, Chicago and Boston, and no one of them could tell mo tho name of tho mineral. Then 1 began here a series of experiments myself, mixing it with molten iron. It combined perfectly with, tiie iron, and I Time for Kurly Garden Work. Tree and vine pruning should be completed before growth commences. Peas for nu early crop need to be got in as early as the ground can be worked. The wrinkled, or sugar peas, should be held until the ground warms a little. Those intending to raise onions by the new plan of starting tho seeds in cold frames should have everything in readiness and get tho seed in early, and have the young plants in readiness to set out as soon as the ground can be put in good order. The advantages claimed by this method are full rows, a longer season of growth and less expense iu cultivating and keeping clean, the expense saved in the last item making up for the extra cost of transplanting. A much greater yield is claimed for the method. But no time is to be lost in preparing tho soil for oniou seed to be sowed in the rows where the crop is to grow. The preparation and sowing cannot be done too soon. The seeds of lettuce and early cabbage, cauliflower, celery, tomatoes and radish will need sowing at intervals as required, and the hotbeds aud the forcing pits will command daily care. of biennial and uarennial flower- A Prompt Answer to Prayer. A United Brethren preacher, the Rev. John R. Eberly, of Lewiston, has been conducting meetings at the Brush Ridge school house, in this county, for three weeks. The countryside for miles around is represented nightly, and intense interest is shown. The other night an amusing climax occurred during the delivery of Brother Eberly's opening prayer. The venerable minister has shown a partiality for the phrase, "O Lord, shower thy blessing down upon us," which is incorporated in all his prayers. When this peripd of his invocation was reached the audience was thrown into a condition of extreme excitement by the copious fall of water from the trap door directly over the minister, drenching him through and through. A temporary check was given to the services by this sudden fulfillment of the preacher's prayer and the tranquility of the meeting was not re-established until an investigation revealed the cause of the unexpected downpour. John L. Smith, a fifteen-year-old boy, had secreted himself in the attic of the school house in advance of the meeting and given practical effect to Mr. Eberly's invocation with two buckets of water.—Lewiston (Pa.) Gazette. A Window Decoration. What is more beautiful for a low screen around the kitchen windows than sweet peas. If the kitchen is on the sunny side of the house they will luxuriate with no other fertilizer than the soap suds of the weekly washing. The seed should be planted very early in the season, in a rich, sunny place, as deep as six or eight inches. Some floriculturists plant them in the fall, putting them down the depth of ten inches and covering the ground with rich fertilizer. They must be given something for support as soon as they are out of the ground. Bushes may be used for this purpose, but a wire gauze of large mesh, painted a medium shade of green, is prettier than anything else. The new varieties of sweet peas are considerably larger than tho old varieties and will cover a trellis from four to six feet in height. A mixture of black-purple sweet peas with the old fashioned rose and white "painted lady" looks very pretty on such a trellis.—New York Tribune. Caged in the Top of a Building. For some mysterious reason the elevator in Fuller's block did not stop at the desired floor the other day, and kept on to the top of the building in spite of j the small boy who was running it. The ' sole passenger was an elderly lady. It' was nearly noon when the ascent was made, and it was after dinner that a gentleman discovered that the elevator boy did not respond to the bells and went to the roof to see what was the matter. He discovered, caged up in the elevator, a very much frightened old lady and a boy, who also showed signs of anxiety. With a step ladder and some outside help the prisoners were rescued through a very small opening above the door on the top floor and the elevator was set in motion again. It will be some time be-, fore that lady trusts herself to an elevator again.—Springfield (Mass.) Homestead. Settled at Last. It has finally been settled in Scotland that after a single man and woman have kept company for fourteen years, and have not denied to outsiders that they contemplated matrimony, that the man can be sued ior breach of promise, and that no further proof shall be needed by tho plaintiff.—Detroit Free Press. A DuSt Destructor A correspondent asks, What ifl th* "dust destructor?" The dust destructor is a group of furnaces set in an inclosed space containing the requisite yards and, buildings used for consuming the rubbish which is swept off the London streets, which amounts to many thousands ; of tons in a year. The furnace- house is approached by an incline driveway leading to a covered place above the furnaces. In this place the scavengers' carts shoot their rubbish, which Toy simple apparatus is dropped into the- furnaces, where it is speedily converted, into "clinker." This clinker is then te- moved and broken up. Some of it is 1 ground, some reground, and some ground a third time. In the ward are seen piles of broken and ground clinker, some of coarse lumps, some resembling gravel, some- looking like the finest sand. For all this material there is a use. Some of it goes to form the foundation of roads;, some, mixed with tar, is made into a durable pavement; some makes admirable sand for mortar and cement, and some is made into imitation stone for sidewalks. In the Battersea district, of London the parish wagon houses,, stables, blacksmith shops, etc., have been constructed entirely of this imitation stone made from the refuse of domestic dust bins and the streets. If any of the residents of the parish-, want anv of the broken or ground < ior any purpose TOey aro perv- mitted to take as much of it as they cani carry away in barrows or carts. Nothing goes to waste. The process of cremation is cheap, and this method of disposing of the refuse of a crowded district has had a wholesome effect from a Eanitory point of view. In Battersea* the death rate has gone down from eighteen to eleven.—New York Commercial Advertiser. Tho Bugby Boys' Busy Day. I give the everyday routine at Rugby- just as my young "Lower Middle" friend, rattled it off to me: "Well, the 6:15. morning bell wakes us, but we don't want to get up. Then another bell rings- at 6:50 for five minutes. We've got to get in our places in chapel in that time- to be 'called over,' and if we are too lazy to make it, it means a 'licking,' that's- all. After service wo march in order to- our different 'form' rooms and say lessons till 8:15. Then we have fifteen minutes to buy any little luxuries, like penny- loaves—the house bread's pretty dry— and then ccmes breakfast. From 9:15. to 1:15, lessons; and dinner's at 1:30. "We get a, rest spell from dinner until 8, and then lessons go on again until 6, except Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satur- j days. Them's half holidays. Every boy has got to join the games then, unless- he's got good excuse. Sometimes we get off by shamming a sore foot and many- other ways well known to us boys. But. whatever we're doing at 6 o'clock, games,, sauntering or study, everything's dropped, and,we give a grand rush for 'tea.' After tea in winter, and after 7:15 in- summer, comes 'locking up.' Nobody- likes that. Then we have to pitch in, 'on preparation'—that's getting our lessons for the next forenoon—nntil 9> o'clock, when they give us a very light supper that don't make anybody dream. Then it's go to bed, and no fooling, or it means another 'licking,' sure as fees and marshals, that's all!"—E. L. Wakeman in Wilmington News. A Thought. Live up to the level of your best thoughts; keep the line of your life tense and true; it is but a thread, but it be- iMigs to the great republican warp where Time is weaving a nation. You cannot alter its attachment yonder to the past— uor yonder to the unrolling years.— Thomas Hughes. Some-times It's a Nuisance. "There is u poetry about the flute that other instruments lack. The divine afflatus has descended upon it." "Well, it takes a very earthy afflatus to make it work."—Earner's Bazar. The Surgossu Sea. The Sargossa sea is a region in the Atlantic, about midway between southern; Europe and America, extending from 21 to S3 degs. north latitude and between 29 and 45 degs. west longitude. . It derived its name from a Portuguese word signifying a grape, and was so called because the seaweeds characteristic of the- region bear on their branches small air cells, which in shape are not unlike the- grape clusters. The weeds themselves are among the most peculiar of vegetable productions, since they have no roots, nor any signs of fructification, and are- propagated by division. They float in ;he water, sometimes in dense masses extending for miles. This portion of the Atlantic is a great eddy, little affected by the currents which surround it on every side, and the- stillness of the water, it is supposed, has- contributed to the development of the weeds in the vast quantities in which ;hey are found. The floating masses- were noticed by Columbus and his men, io whom they were a source of uneasiness, as the sailors supposed they indicated shallow water. Detached masses- of the weed are often seen in the Gulf' stream, and the long, yellow lines of floating weed are a sure indication of its- close proximity.—St. Louis Globe-Democrat. An Expensive Laugh. A railroad mau who knows Senator Brice intimately told this story of him: Mr. Brice for some time wanted certain matters arranged at Sandusky, but his desires were prevented by two of the- younger Vanderbilts, and he finally went to them, They laughed at him, and Brice became quite angry. "Young, men," said he sternly, "you must not laugh at me; I won't permit it. Your father laughed at me once and it cost him nearly $9,000,000, and I know he had a great denl more sense than you have." President Brice in a month's time got what he asked for at Sandusky.—Indianapolis News. Prairie Cuttle Are Well. The fifteenth annual convention of th& Northwest Texas Cattle Growers' association was held at Dallas recently. Tho range cattle country all along the line of the plain from Montana to the gulf was- represented, and the report from the whole range country, with the exception of u few drought stricken spots, wae that the range cattle have been particularly well preserved during the past season. Very little suffering has been, occasioned by storms, aud the grazing was good all through the winter. It is predicted that if cold weather holds off" for tho rest of the season range cattle all nlor;; the line will be fatter and in better oor.O-'ioii generally than usual. —Cor, - Inter-Ocean.

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