The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on July 6, 1892 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, July 6, 1892
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TOE tPPER DEB M01NES, ALGOU A, tOWA, WEDNESDAY, JULY •JMBji^ i. ^ _, „. . .^_r^jy ...a... =r >, _,G-. J-T- * •=-•• -r-=i -i . ._ „..„„ j-7 ...... r ~. „ . —i^. ^-v-w> V. r , —...,' • ' - - — '--' —•*• •- —--••*- • —-—*— Country Edftop. i editor Sits In the old office chftlr. ^e arc stains on his clothes, and his long t««t (ISnys ns It pleases, now here now there. jSvtSndsi Me a Blmckln the ambient nlr TimtIS pure and refreshing-tills fa no joko- fiave a iwp-and-tben column ot. sky-blue ttlitrh curs from a pipe ns undent and queer A» h6 who dreams in the old office chair. for ycnrs he'6 bpen' there, was the first in the *Vi rnoture stray news find pencil It down, fie stood at the "casein Venrs gone by, §2! more than aplenty of office "pl"- Votnilnco and good custard such as cookg But the kind that, poor printers occasionally Determined and imrnest. Ills strong arm bare. He earned that scat in the old office chair. ffe to true to his town, kind-hoarted and good. Never dunning patrons who promise him woud In Dtir for his paptir and a column "puff," On such erring-creatures he never IB rough; But treats nil men with that kindness due f roin one in whose breast beats a heart that's And deals' with the world good-humored and 1« content w'ith his lot in tlio old office chair. flls paper'tis true's not the best in tho land, But is Just in tune with tho nervous old hand. The ola IOK school-house is plain to he seen With its cat-and-clay chimney the lines between; But love's lyiiiB loose "from date; line to base, Reflecting tho good of the editor B race. And his manner of treating nil things fair Honors tlio man in the old office cliair. The desk wlio'ro he writes Ja scarred and scratched, The legs have been broken and frequently patched— It is end and worn like ho who pits there Reeling oil' "copy" In the old ollico clmlr. He looks dowtt tho years and knows that his "case" » Will bo taken as "full" by the Savior's good grnce, Ihrough dnys which havo passed in sunshine and storm, Slowly and surely he's "mndo up" his "form," And ero long we will miss tliat. trio there, The editor, desk, nnd oM olilco chair. Tom AT. Morgan, Purls, IU. A DOUBTING LOVE. "Aunt, what is your true opinion of Bessie FallingtonP" Old Mrs. Graham smiled over her pold spectacles at her nephew Cecil, ind, with just a touch of humor, isked: "Why?" "Well, you know I've been paying her some attention—" "And before committing yourself you wish to get the opinions of your friends?" "You state it bluntly, aunt, but I suppose that is about tho truth." "Then, Cecil, I can not give you my opinion." Cecil withdrew. As may bo inferred, he was an indecisive fellow, and, of course, was not now satisfied. Praise of Bessie from Aunt Mildred would have decided him. But he was left exactly as before, except that he could draw two opposing inferences. First, that if his aunt had not favored his suit she would have advised against it; second, that her refusal to give an opinion meant that she opposed it. Such men as he adopt tests, but ho had not ingenuity to invent one. The secret of such (ioubt is usually high self-esteem, which conjures an ideal worthy of affection. Oddly enough tho luminous point in Cecil's ideal was fidelity. Bessie's social position was level with his, but would she be true? Wasn't she a coquette. Tom Plotton was a down-city commission merchant; one of those men who forge ahead on the voyage of life, and by tho twin propellers" energy and determination, reach a port of commercial success. Cecil and he had been college.mates, but thoir late acquaintance had only been casual, confined to ohance moo tings at social gatherings. An outspoken man, but withal a thorough gallant, acquainted with till the marriageable ladies worth knowing, he wns just the man to render the opinion Cecil craved. He was found in his gl:i.°s-indosed oilier, millurishly while from ilour he 'hail been examining before buying. "Tom," began Cecil, after greetings, 4 '1 came to got. your candid opinion of Bossie l''.'ii]'mgtun." I'lotton looked "fool" at him, but replied: "Well, it depends an what the opinion is based. As a commission merchant, say, she'd be a prime failure; as a sea captain, ditto; and as " "As a wife, for instance." "That depends on the man who gets her." "Well, for me, say?" "Oho," exclaimed I'lotton, running bis linger through some coffee grains 'n a tin box, "you're in love with her, »re you?" "Frankly, yes." "And before you put yourself in danger of making a matrimonial blunder you're around getting opinions." "Well—bluntly, yos. The same as you look into Bmdstr ee.ps before selling to a stranger." "The stranger's credit is doubtful when I do," "Well?" "You doubt Bessie FallingtonP" "Good gracious, no!" "Then what do you want an opinion oi her for? If you don't doubt her you're sure of her. That's as plain as A. B. C. If you love her and aro sure of her worth, an opinion isn't worth a coffee grain, or shouldn't be. If you love her, you'll pitch in and move heaven and earth to get her." "But I ask your opinion, nevarthe- WSS* "Whether it cuts or not?" "Yes." "Give her up." "Why?" "First, if you doubt her, she wou't it you." *I don't grant that." Second, she is a pronounced coquette; wants wealth in a husband; is w jllful; demands continual petting; aumirea me:i of distinction, men who oau^out a dash, and especially nien of Decision, but will quarrel vvit'h him if "&r way is crossed; dwesn't know a saucepan from a griddle, etc., etc., full ?' f »«lts—but pretty as a spring morn- Graham rose pettishly. .o « d 011 ' 1 uolicive 'my opinion, I Very good; it's one sign you the girl, 0f course you're into her progressive euchre party next week. Go and criticise her—i* you can in 8 igi,i O f her beauty. Then well moot and compare notes." ..Agreed. Good morning." . next Tuesday evening found - J u Bessie's fashionable homo. He exactly •••^od his mind, but the first sight ol her unbalanced it in her favor. She was rarely beautiful, and her welcome, rang with genuine hospitality. It seemed impossible to criti- cise her; a good, true heart must be the center of such physical loveliness, but Doubt whispered: "Wait and watch." Of guo'sts, there were seven ladies and eight gentlemen. Bessie had, therefore, to choose her first partner, and Cecil watched eagerly to see which this would be. It was Alfred Arnold- sou Hughes, who had-lately won literary fame. Bessie smiled brilliantly upon him as they took seats at the ace table. "She's flirting with that fellow," muttered Cecil as the bell rang for play. b When it rang again for changing tables he was obliged to remain at the jack table, because, in watching, he had blundered stupidly. Bessie and tho author won "the game, and though they were not partners in the next, the merriment between them continued, and he saw her dart a perfect coquette's smile at him as at the next he wont down to the kings. ' Tom Plotton was her next partner, but her sparkle was gone. She scarcely spoke. "Humph," muttered Cecil, "quite a descortt from literature to Hour. Plot- tori and I will surely agree, for he is undoubtedly gelling" tlie cold shoulder." Yet, despite himself, doubts would break into tho adverse decision. "Perhaps she is true after all; her spirits may bo her way of entertainment. I m;iy be making a fearful mistake." Finally good luck advanced him and ho bocaiiu. 1 her partner j'or a game. She was all life again; exactly as she had been to the author. He believed ho detected her wish to draw him on to loving her, and though ilattered, the old doubt grew stronger. The duties of hostess did not necessitate such action, she had tried to draw the author on; she was trying him now. Tho only result would be that she would reject them both in ridicule. Music and promenading through the spacious house followed .cards. Cecil hastened to engage Bessie as companion, but the author forestalled him. walked angrily into the conservatory and stopped before a palm, ostensibly examining it, but in reality analyzing his state of mind. Was hc'jealousP If so, he really loved Bessie, but could he ask her to be his when all he had seen confirmed her coquetryP Bossio and Hughes came near and stopped before a huge plant, but with their backs toward Cecil, who was well screened from them. "Miss Fallington," said the author, in the unmistakable voice of devotion, "do you like literature?" "I love it," she replied. "Let me tell you a little secret that you must never reveal. I have lately had quite a number of poems published—anonymously, of course." "Adorable," he cried, enthusiastically. "You must show them to me. "By no means. You would criticise tho poor little attempts." "Not for worlds. They could not help being full of fire and genius. But would you not like to devote your life, yourself, to literature?" "Oh! Mr. Hughes, my humble talents wouldn't last a fortnight." "I don't mean in that way, though your talent would. I mean, would you not like to live always in a literary atmosphere—in fact, Miss Fallington, as the wife of an author." "Pardon me, Mr. Hughes," she exclaimed, "but I do believe this rare plant is dying. I must tell father at once." "Don't turn me aside," pleaded the author, trying to catch her hand. "I love you to " "Hush, hush, Mr. Hughes," sne whispered. Hero comes some one." The some one was Tom Plotton, and he was coming directly for them. "Mr. Hughes," he said, "they are asking for you in the parlor. They're discussing the authorship of a late anonymous poem. They want you to help them out." "Very well," replied Hughes, gallantly, "and I think I can make a good decision on the latest and directest information." "Don't you dare," exclaimed Bessie, with a light laugh, tho meaning of which came in words as soon as the author was out of hearing. "Oh! I'm so glad you came, for, don't you think, he was just declaring his lovo for me." Both broke into a hearty laugh. Conviction struck Cecil. If this wasn't an evidence of heartless coquetry, what could be? He sincerely thanked his good fortune that his doubt had kept him from declaring his own love several months before in a similar place. "And I have no doubt," he, heard Plotton say, "that if I were now to say that I lovo you, you'd thank some one for interrupting, and laugh as heartily over my silliness, wouldn't you?" "Perhaps 1 should." "Though you have given me some encouragement, Bessie." "Ha veil? Come, I want to tell father this plant is dying." They moved away, and Cecil returned to the parlor, thrilling with pleasure at his narrow escape. Ha rejoiced greatly that Bessie Fallington had never had a chance to laugh at him. He shortly withdrew elated, but in the night, doubt of his decision troubled him. The heart and head would not agree. The stronger became tho luttor. the rullor was the former of regret that he could not have Bessie Fallin'gloH. Next morning he hastened to Plot- ton's establishment and found that gentleman in his glass office, looking quite happy. "Happy commission stroke?" asked 6c> "Yes, an unusual one. Well, I sup pose you have come to compare notes about'Bessio Fallington." "Yes." '•Well, what's your decision?" "That she is a heartless flirt, and I think I'll give up all thoughts of her." ."You think so?" "Yes, only think, for I still can't decide, and I came again to get your OP iWe'll, I'll let you have it. I doo't think she would make you a good wife. I Relieve myeoU she ia » flu't. »ad ^at she has lots of faults. If i were you I'd look elsewhere." • "This is your earnest, sincere advice; is it?" "It is. But there is another reason why I'd give her up if I were you." "What is it?" "She is engaged." "Engaged, and flirting around the Way she did with you and Hughes and myself. It's awful. .Who to?" "V'oll, it's something of a secret yet. She engaged herself only last night.'* "Last night? Not to Hughes P" PlottSn laughed heartily, and said: "Guess again."" "I can't. Give me the name." "Thomas J. Plotton." Cecil sank into a chair and stared. Tom laughed boisterously, nine-tenths of it being pure unalloyed joy. "But you said," stammered Cecil, "that she was a flirt, no housekeeper, and full of faults." "I know it, and say so still." "And going to marry her!" "Yes, by all means, and we'll be aa happy as any one can be on earth. I lovo Bessie Fallington, and if she had ten times her faults, nly love demands that I must have her, and it will have her. As I told you before, love will move heaven and earth to get its object. I've won her, and let her faults be what they may, I love her and must have her."— Howard M. Hope, in Tanker, Blade. UPSETTING A FAMOUS THEORY. Dossils Nhow Tlutt the Oxus Xovcr Joined tliu Cu$l>l:ui. Between the Aral and the Caspian Seas is a deep, dry, narrow depression, which has long been supposed to have been once the bed of a river. There luive boon many speculations as lo the origin and history of this stream, and the view has been held for years that the famous Oxus Kivcr, which now Hows into the Aral Sea, in a former era found ils way to the Caspian, and that this dry channel, known as the Usboi or old channel of the Oxus, marks the eour.su the river followed in its way across the desert hundreds of miles "further west than its present mouth in the Aral Sea. There has been much talk within four or h've years of digging a channel between the Oxus River and this old river bed, and thus diverting the Oxus from the Aral to the Caspian. It was tliought navigation could thus be secured from the Caspian for many hundreds of miles up the Oxus. This enterprise has been abandoned, for it has been found that for a great many miles there is no sign whatever of the old river channel; and now a Russian scientific man named Kon- shine, who has passed live years on the wide plain between the Aral and tiie Caspian, has reached the conclusion that the Oxus never flowed along this channel to the Caspian. Ho relies chiefly on the geological data that have been brought to light by recent investigations. These data, he says, afford ample evidence that the Sary-Kamysh Lake, southwest of the Aral Sea, was within recent geological times a vast river delta completely separated from the Caspian basin by a ridge of higher land. The mollusks found in the region of this Sary-Kamysh Lake are similar to existing forms in the Aral Sea, while in the Usboi the organisms are almost identical with those found in the salt Caspian Sea at the preserit clay. As further evidence he gives the results of borings along the course of the Usboi. Tlje.se borings penetrated nothing but clays and sands containing salt water or marine shells, while similar borings in the Sary-Ka- mysh beds show plenty of fresh-water deposits. Thus geological -investigations have been called into service to show that the theory that the Oxus once'joined the Caspian through Usboi Channel is untenable. Mr. Konshine believes that the Usboi Channel was at one time a part of a great gulf of the Caspian Sea, the steep banks of the Usboi marking the deep-water channel. A Girl's Room. •;,. The girls of the household should have cheerful rooms, where they may receive their girl friends and feel a pride in playing the hostess. Says a writer in the N. Y. Tribune: Such a room need not be of a large size,but it should be daintily and neatly furnished. There is no better way in which you can educate a girl to be neat and orderly .than to give her a properly furnished room, and require her to take proper care of it. In this way she receives her first lesson is thorough housekeeping, and acquires habits of order and neatness. The pleasure a girl takes from such a room as this, ana the influence it exerts toward making her a womanly and domestic person, should in themselves be strong enough arguments to induce a mother to sacrifice some of the showy fittings of her parlor in order to provide comfortable rooms for her girls. It should above all things be thoroughly neat, sunny and cheerful, and should be the girl's private room, and all the belongings should be her personal property. It should be her daily duty to keep it in thorough order. Yankee Thrift. The Maine man who can not turn his hand to another source of profit when one fails him is a scarce article. An engra\ or and carver of old-time repute, in the palmy days of Maine shipbuilding, now a resident of Kittery, flnding his occupation gone as a sculptor of ligure-heads for vessels, is engaged in making idols and graven im- iges for the heathen! He has a large order that will employ most of his time for over two years, from a missionary just returned from central Asia to this jountry. This missionary,by the way, is evidently something of a Yankee limsolf. —JCennebeo Journal. Snakes. Nearly all semi-civilized, races believe that prior to taking a drink the serpent vomits up all ils veuoin for fear of joisoniug ilbelf should any b« swallowed. BEFORE PAPER WAS INVENTED. Some Intcrestlnft; fftehf Which fivcry Bofr nnd Girl Should Kiiotv. Tim invention of paper was perhaps, more useful to the world than that of printing. It vastly increased tho spread of "knowledge, making possible the possession, upon the payment of a few cents, of knowledge which in the fourteenth century, the day of rare and costly manuscripts, could only bo procured upon the payment of a large sum of money. In the most ancient times writing was used for rare occasions only, and a rock, a tablet of stone, or a plate of metal was the receptacle. Moses, you remember, wrote upon stone tables. The works of Homer and Hesiod were said to have been lirst written on plates of lead. And ancientdocuments on copper are still met with in India. Some persons 1 are of the opinion that the lirst writing was upon thin pieces of wood. From their convenience this seems probable. Such -boards were used at an early period by the Greeks and Romans and were frequently covered with wax, which was, of course, more easily written upon than the bare wood. Whore wax was used errors were readily erased by rubbing with tliQ blunt end of the piece of metal which served for a pen. To make tho writing more visible it appears that some thick substance was wmearcd over the surface of the white wax and remained in tho scratched marks. Loaves of trees were used very early by the Egyptians, and probably'by the Greeks. The Hindoos continued the use of this material until within a few centuries. Even at the present time books of leaves are not uncommon in the south of India and the Island of Ceylon. The leaves of some Asiatic trees, from their si/,e and smoothness, are admirably adapted for books. If wo may judge, from the name "leaf" being still applied to the paper of books, wo should imagine these loaves to have been formerly the principal material in use. Tho interior bark of trees was formerly used to write upon, and its latin name (liber, a bark) spems to intimate that its use was as ancient as tho art of writing itself. In one respect the bark was superior to the leaf; it could bo rolled into a volume, while the leaf would crack if subjected to such a process. The skins of animals wore another ancient material for writing. The rolls of books mentioned by Bible writers were probably rolls of skins, and some ancient copies of the Bible preserved by the people of India are said to be of leather. Linen cloth was occasionally used, but was never very common. Linen manuscripts have been found folded in mummy cases, and the Chinese, before the invention of paper, used silk and cotton cloth. The Romans also wrote upon linen. Tho use of this ma- teral introduced, a change in tho manner of writing. The other substances were rather engraved than written upon, an iron point being used for the purpose. To write upon linen it was necessary to have some colored fluid which m'ight get dry and leave a permanent mark. The iirst ink used was probably some sort of soot or lampblack, mixed with size or gum-water, and the lirst instrument answering to our pen was a reed. Parchment is thought to' have been first, used about the third century B. C. It was superior in many ways to every other material. Even at the present day the use of parchment for documents of importance prevails over that of paper. Tho first paper made from the papyrus plant by the Egyptians, was not what we uudi.<r.sl<ind by the term paper. It wa.« made of the inner bark of tliu plant and prepared and polished by a peruliar process. It was not until (.hi- ninth or tenth century that the u.so of pa-|'or. probably so called, was iuirinlucud into Europe. THE HIGHEST INHABITED SPOT. tii, u Mining Camp In Mio Aud»», Claims Thill Dirtiiiiclion, Until within the last few years the highest inhabited place in the world has been credited to Thibet, where people dwell at an altitude of 15,117 feet above the sea level. This is about the summit of Mont Blanc, the highest mountain in Europe. South America then came to the front with its claim. La Pax, Bolivia's capital, is 12,220 feet above the sea level, and Potosi, in tho same country, is 1,OUJ feet higher. Pasco, Peru, which has an altitude of 15,000 feet, was considered the highest inhabited spot in South America. The village of Galera, also in Peru, was shown, however, to be 15,635 feet above the sea, and it has, until within a few weeks, boasted that its altitude exceeded that of any other dwelling place in the world. It can no longer make this boast, for word has just been received in this city, says the -N. Y. Herald, that Mr. Arthur E. Pearce, an engineer who has been prospecting and making meteorological observations in the Andes, has come across two mining camps which are even higher than Galera, They are named Vieharrayal and Muscapata, the former 15,950 feet above sea level and the latter 16,158. Each camp has a population of about 200 miners the year round. Galera owes its existence to the Galera tunnel of the Parana and Oroya railroad of Peru, which pierces the mountain at that point, which is the summit of the road. This railroad, however, is to be surpassed by a narrow-gauge road, which is now being built to connect with it and which will reach an altitude of 16,850 feet at its highest point. Near Galera there are live mining camps, all the property of one company and connected by telegraph linos which are said to be the highest in the world. These lines pass over two summits of more than 17,000 feet,. and the mean height of the lines is more than 16,000 feet. Persian opium is said to he imported to this country in large amounts to be used in tho manufacture, oj oi js r r LINKS. Turkish women eat rose leaves with butter to secure plumpness. A good sewing machine is supposed to do the work of twelve women. Tin 1 prescribed course of medical in- s'tnit-tiun in the Mexican National university is seven years. A sui.t has been brought in Buffalo to rec.r.-er '$5,000 for alienating a boy's [(•etiiMis from his father. Glyuu county.Georgia, has a woman hermit who has only spoken to three persons in sixteen years. Tho material for an ax head has to bo heated five times and pass through the hands of forty workmen before it is in proper shape. Seals sleep upon Innd; they also do so floating upon their backs in the sea. This habit they mostly indulge in when the weather is lino and the sea calm. In 1891, says Stahl und Eiscn, Germany imported from Sweden and Norway 148,030 tons of iron ore, of which 62,(589 tons went to Westphalia and 65,941 tons to upper Schleswig. The bones of Jumbo, Barnnm's big elephant, that was killed a few years ago at St. Thomas, Canada, weighed even 2,400 pounds. The total weight of the body, bones and all, was six tons. Under the conviction that the plumage of canaries can be altered in color by varying the food Dr. Boddoo thinks that tho color of tho liumnu hair must eventually bo influenced by particular diets. Lady Mary Somerset says some pleasant things of us who aro so for- tuiuil.e as to bo American women by birth or adoption. Km- one thing, she says women in America are better posted on current topics than men. There is a church in tho town of Bcrgeii, Norway, that is built entirely of paper. It can seat 1,000 persons in comfort, and has been rendered waterproof by a solution of quicklime, curdled milk and white of eggs. A single seed of an Asiatic pompe- rion planted on Trevsy grounds, Berlin, propagated a vine as largo as a man's body, which in nine weeks grow to a total length of nearly 800 foot and ripened more than 800,000 seeds. Nuremburg, the great toy-making center, has had a banquet to celebrate the completion of tho 800,000th model steam engine by u certain wall-known maker. Tho same factory has turned out more than 826,000 magic lanterns. There are now twenty thousand trained nurses in England, Ireland and Scotland. Tho largest hospital in London employs 250 and the seven next in K!K<! aggregate 1,000. So where such a number goes becomes quite comprehensible. The measles bacillus, discovered in Berlin by Dr. Canon, varies from one three-thousandth to one one-thousandth of an inch in length, and possesses characteristics said to be "different from those of any other bacillus known." Blj-.uk glass was onco used for mirrors, as well as transparent glass with somn black substance on the back. It is related that tho Spaniards found mirrors of polished black stone, both convex and concave,among tho natives of Sou Hi America. It has boon found thitt cattle fed on distillery slops, which require no chewing, soon begin to have diseased teeth and gums, and that their teeth decay in Hit- same manner as the human l.oofh, whMo those that chow natural food have sound teeth. More lirst magnitude stars aro in the litdd of vision in winter tlitui in summer. Sirius, Aldebaran, Proeyou, IJelelgui'rie, Kigol and Ciipellu are bright -lurs seen in the winter mouths whieh ;;re .not visible in tint evening Uoiir.; luring the summer. Tlii.-ilotf, according k> the London Vi.yi.(iiri<tfi L'\'.<lt:rui Union, arc desirable articles of human food. If boiled, they are "like delicate turnip tops and may be oaten like spinach on toast, with poached or fried eggs, and with a little olive oil or mixed w'itli cream." In tho Hebrides sea beans aro supposed to be fairies' eggs. Whether this is a correct belief or not it is certain that all people of the world living near the ocean have entertained faitK that its waters wore inhabited by hu- man-liko creatures more or loss supernatural. The costliest dinner set ever made was by Tiffany. Mr. Mackay brought from his mines $75,000 worth of bullion and this the jewelers made up into a service, asking $20,000 for tho work, making the cost in all $95,000, and no sovereign in Europe eats from such a gorgeous plate. An Atlanta, Ga., druggist has invented a bottle that will prevent druggists from making mistakes in filling prescriptions. It has a stopper which is covered with sharp points that will prick the hand of-the person handling it if he is not careful. The idea is to put all poisons in such bottles. There are many mysterious things about beetles. Those of Brazil aro famed for their brilliant metallic hues, yet no one has been able to find out what makes these colors. Some are of gold, others of silver, yet others of blue enamel, seemingly, and so on through an endless variety of tints. Mrs. William Thaw, widow of tho great philanthropist of Pittsburg. has authorized the building of one of the finest spectroscopes in the country for the needs of the Allegheny observatory. No expense is to be spared, the spectroscope to be as finely constructed and adjusted as the one in the celebrated Lick observatory. The construction, mode of use and the effect of burning glasses was known to the ancients even a full thousand years before the time of Archimedes, who is said to have constructed a burning glass which he used to a :ood advantage in reducing, several Ionian war ships to ashes at a time when they were besieging Syracuse. It has been shown. that - the white of pur bottom la^ds an.4 groves 1 one year witjj aapfch'er, at a, very full hundred years, and, cohseqaentlyif in the course of that comparativelr shoi* life produces nearly 8,000,00V grains, all coming from one 'briginftli seed. The extent of the street railroad Ia*« tercst in the United States may be esti* mated from a recent report, whion states that there are 6,783 miles of such roads in operation, having 32,605 cars and employing 70,764 men. Th«[ total number of passengers carried! last year was 2,023,010,202, being 849,~ 820 per milo of road arid 62,287 per car. Tho Literary society of Finland is bji far tho most active, as it is the oldest!. society <Jf folklore in the world, Ik' was established in 1831, in order t*'' gather oral material as well as manuscripts relating to the archaeology and' linguistics of the race. Tho varlou* pieces of folklore now in manuscript in the library amounts to more thatt- 110,000 numbers. Mr. Flamand, who has been study* ing tho inscribed stones in the south-; eastern part of Algeria, has found- many roclcs upon which men, women and children, who were evidently prehistoric, aro represented. The stones show tlio figures of horses, cattle, ostriches ana elephants, (hough th«) elephant has not inhabited this region! within historic times. French factories supply dentist* with rings upon which aro strung thinji short metal bars,each carrying a tooth at its extremity. There aro twenty- livo of (.huso sample teeth that run all the way from nearly white to a shade that is almost olive. Sonus or to of the twenty-live usually almost matches- tlio patient's natural teelh, and, at any rate, enables the dentist to match tho< teeth by application at tho factory. ' A Region Where Ijii'o Lasts Long* "I observe that when a man dies in this country at the ago of 100 years, ori thereabouts, tho papers elaborate on the occurrence in thoir news column* as if it wore something wonderful, 1 *: said llamon Cassauovaof Guadalajara,i Mox. "I know a score or more of people in Mexico considerably more than 100 years old, and who givn promise of living many years yet. There is a limited area in the state of Tamau-. lipus, whoso climate, water and general condition seem especially to induce longevity. I visited tho neighborhood a few months since and saw live generations of one name living in tho same house. Tho oldest male wai said to bo 182 years old. Ho is shriveled and weakened, blind and almost dumb, but in other respects all of his vital functions appear to bo strong and normal. Tluiro aro perhaps fifty people in tho neighborhood whoso live* have spanned a century. They are a pastoral people of Spanish and Aztoo blood, and for generations have intermarried contrary to all the accepted laws of consanguinity. Thoir constitutions aro not particularly robust,: and none of them is over 6 feet 6 inches tall. They aro cut oil from the rest of tho world, and aro ignorant as to tho great population of the globe, nor do they socm to have the slightest conception as to tho modo.of life of other people. Thoy live in tho most primitive way, and perhaps it is this absence of the tremendous pressure of, modern civilization that largely conduces to their marvelous longevity."— SI, Louis GlobC'Democml, .- THE BEST WAY TO DIE. Scientific IVrltor C'lalniH ' ICiiHlcHf. Is by tv Vail, Thut thm Most people regard death by a fall as one of the most agoni/ing forms of dying. This opinion is erroneous. The flrst fact to bo considered is that tho subjective feelings in the various kind* of fall are tho same. There are people who have escaped death by a hair's breadth who reached the stage of unconsciousness and who aro able to report what they felt, A scientific gentleman who has occupied himsoM with., this interesting question for many years bases his observations on personal experience, and on a largo number of cases which have occurred, not only in the mountains,but also in war, in industrial establishments and in railway accidents. The victim suffers no pain, no paralyzing terror. He i» perfectly aware of what is going on,'% The time seems long to him. In a few seconds he is able to think so much that ho can report for an entire hour on it. His thinking power is immensely increased. In almost all cases the past seems suddenly lighted up, as if by a flash of lightning. All phases of life pass before the mind's eye, nothing petty or unimportant disturbing the retrospect. Then gentle, soft tones sound in one's ears, and die away at last when unconsciousness sots in. One hears tho fall of tho body, but does nok fool it! It will be remembered that Mr. Whympor, who had a severe succession of falls once in tho Alps, without losing his consciousness, declares emphatically that as he bounded from one rock to another he felt absolutely no pain. Drake's Magazine declares that tho same thing happens on the battle Hold; the entrance of tho bullet into tho body is not felt, and it is not till he feels the blood flowing or a limb paralyzed that the soldier knows he is wounded. Persons who have had. several limbs broken by a fall do not known which limbs aro affected till they try to rise. At the moment of a fall the whole intellectual activity is increased to an extraordinary degree. There is not a trace of anxiety. One considers quickly what will happen. This is by no means the consequence of "presence of mind," it is rather the product of absolute necessity. A solemn composure takes possession of the victim. Death by fall is a beautiful one. Great thoughts fill the victim's soul; they fall painlessly into a bluo sky. Hie Candidate. "So you don't believe in the 'logical candidate' business, eh P" "Me? No. I am in for the geological candidate.'' "And what sort of candidate i? tbatf" ''The ouo with the rooks, of course-* -Indianapolis Journal. ••

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