THE UPPER DES MOINES, ALOONA.IO^ A, WEDNESDAY, MAY 20,1891, LGONA, IOWA, WAR is now raging in Honduras The dog-star seems to bo central over the latin Americans. It is a free fight al the way from the Mexican border to the Argentine republic. IT is said that n, process has been discovered whereby steel wire can be made thai •will stand a strain any of tension equal copper wire. The new steel wire can be manufactured cheaper than the copper •wire. WE want no colonists in this country. Wo want no Italians, or Irish, or Germans, or men of any other nationality, who are not willing to become Americans —Americans in sympathy as well as in residence. PHINCE BISMAUCK announces that on entering the German parliament he will lead the opposition to the government, and undertake to make things warm for the young emperor generally. The latter is alarmed at the prospect, and would exile Bismarck if that were practicable. THE United States engineers have begun to make the survey for the great pan- American railroad. Thin will be the greatest railroad enterprise ever known, and its lino will bo an artery through which the energy of the people of the United States will revolutionize the social and political conditions of Latin America. THE new $2 silver certificates, to bo issued because of the successful counterfeit now in circulation, havo been designed so as t« leave more of the white paper exposed, by which its quality can more readily be distinguished—a declaration in effect that the paper of tho Cranes of Dalton 'is still the best protection of the government againso the counterfeiters. TIIBIIK is no limit to the funds that ' the philanthropise Baron Hirsch can command. He now proposes to send an immense colony of Russian Jews to Australia, and offers to subscribe $15,000,000 to establish them there. It is understood that the Rothschilds will join in tho work. If tho colonization projects of the barron • shall bo successful he will go into history as the greatest philanthropistVho has ever lived. HAY-IT'S refusal to cede Mole St. Nichols to tho Unitec 1 States for the purpose of a naval coaling station assumes some importance to our government now that a now navy is building. If wo are to have u navy, it follows that we should have coaling stations on foreign shores, all of which involves, of COUMG, p'e tty acquisitions of foreign territory. Our failure in II ay ti an negotiation, it is intimated, was duo to the poor management of tho naval officers who had the matter in charge. INCIDENTAL ; to some pension matters that tho rate it has boon remarked of pension lor the loss of both eyes hud been in. creased from §72 ta $100 'a month. This was nn error. It was tho loss of both hands', tho rate of pension for which was increased to 8100. For many years tho rate of pension for the loss of both oyes, both feet both hands, or such helplessness as required personal attendants, was $72 per month. Two years ago the rate of pension for the loss of both hands was increased $100 per month, and in tho last congress efforts were made to secure a . like increase in the case of those who had lost both eyes, but it did not become a law. THE government gun factory at Water- vlion, N, Y., is taming out a now 12-inch steel rifle of the most modern aspect. It will bo sent will in a few days to bo tested at Sandy Hood and is likely to attract considerable attention. The gun weighs 52 tons, has u range, it is presumed, over 10 miles and will carry a 100-pound projee- tile.tho weight of the charge of powder bo- ing 400 pounds. Tho government is not likely to make guns much heavier than this one and in keeping tho weight under CO tons our experts aro in lino with latest criticism of the 110-ton guns of England and Italy in which Admiral Hopkins of tho English 'navy said not long ngo: "Vast sunib of tho public money have been squandered on these big gunsj they aro a great deal too largo to bo effective and it is earnestly to bo hoped that wo shall heat- no morn of such cmnbersono monsters, but return to a lighter armament." CENTliAT, AjilKlUCAN STATES. Guatemala and Salvador aro said to be on the point of another attempt to determine which shall dominate tho Central American States. • Guatemala has never teen satisfied with the outcome of tho short •war of a year ago, and now tho report comes chat tho Guatemalan army is in motion toward the Salvadorian border, ready to begin an attack upon any plausible pretext. Ezutu, whom the lato revolution niadi' president of Salvador, has his troops in motion also, ready to repel any onslaught of his neighbors. Tho people of Ilittt! two Mutes lire said to bo got tin thoroughly tiro:I of all this quarreling until the right lenders might pursuade them lonvorthiow buUi the present, governments in hivor of a union of the two into a Central American republic. There would be nothing surprising in such an attempt. But if such a revolution took place under new leaders, tho people would probably find themselves tho prey of sciuo other ^elf-seeking demagogs: THE LATEST NEWS GENERAL NOTES. THE miners' strike threatens to cause c coal famine in Iowa, JOSEPH NOONAN was killed by a fall o stone in a Fort Wayne, Ind., quarry. THE Eagle Refining company's plant a Limn. Ohio, was burned Tuesday night Loss $75,0000. THE schooner Magdalena had her bow stove in by a collision with the Minerva off Ludington, Mich. THE pilot and supercargo, who took the Itata out of San Diego harbor, have been arrested. THE American engineers who inspectec the Nicaragua canal say it is an ftRsuret success. JESSE H I/trrtNCOTT, lessee of the American Graphiphone company, of New 5fork, has assigned: ONK of the silver mines in the Thunder Bay (Mich.), district Is reported to be turning out ore paying $20,000 a ton. THE bill to abolish the truck system oi paying laborers in Illinois was passed by the state senate Tuesday. HONO KONG sugar, made from manilla refuse and resemoling granulated, is being imported at San Francisco. LEVY Buos. & Co., clothing dealers ol New York, have failed for a million, and sensational disclosures are expected. THE Illinois senate world's fair committee Wednesday morning reported in fovor of a million dollar appropriation by a vote of 9 to 0. The minority favored one-half this sum. THE national convention of the Catholic Knights of America has convened in Philadelphia. Eighty delegates, representing 'orty-two states and a membership of 22,)00, are present. THE Jews of Toronto, Ont., requested ermission to import unleavened bread for ;ho passover feast free of duty. Their request was denied and they will bo obliged 'o pay a duty of 20 per cent. GUAND RAPIDS' street cor lines are tied up, the employes having struck against signing an ironclad agreement to work as nany hours as the bosses deem necessary ind to bo responsible for .damage rosult- 'ng from accident. THE Lumber Trade association of New York has declared a boycott against all juildors who employ union laborers. This action is in retaliation for a boycott loclared by the union men on one of the members of the lumber association. THE Branchville ore mining company, if Branchvilo, Fairfield dounty Conn., has issicrned. The capital stock is $150,000, und there is an excess of liabilities over ussets. THE Illinois house of representatives o-day refused to send tho world's fair bill appropriating 81,000,000, tojthe Appropri- Uion committee, by a vote of 77 to 62. CUKIBTIAN ZEHK, a farmer living in zewsll county, III., has recovered $1,500 : rom the state tor horses said to have been afflicted with glanders that were shot by order of tho state sanitary commissioners. THE Chicago and Northwestern railroad jhis morning discharged all the switch- nun on the mainjline. The switchmen have mtncroimed not only the management of ho road but other employes. FOREIGN. THE insipient rebellion in Honduras has jeen suppresaed. ENGLAND will send troops to Masloua- and to defend the Boers. AN attempt was made at Vaparatfio to tssaesinate the members of the Chilian ;abinet. MME. BLAVATSKY, the theosophist eader, died at London three weeks ago ind the fact has just been made public. THE British ship Craigburn, for Melbourne from Liverpool, was wrecked by a severe southerly gale, and five of the crew were drowned. iJ'HEii telegrams from Lisbon to Mad- •ui contain the information that a wide- >prcad panic prevails at present thorough Portugal. THE census in France shows an increase in population of 108,000 yearly us compared with an increase of 435,000 yearly in erm any. BAHLEY, oats and rye in Hungary have jcen nearly ruined by excessive heat. Tho wheat crop is a fair average. ANOTHEH auti-Hebres outbreak is re- lorted at Corfu in which two Jews were ulled and many injured. IT is stated that tho negotiation between England and Portugal for an agreement in relation to South Africa has been concluded. THHEIC attempts have recently been nuulo to assassinate President Hippolyte, of Hayti, and it is believed a revolution is imminent. CAPT. VicnsEY of London, who was convicted of immoral conduct and sentenced to a year in prison, has boon ex- pellod from parliament. SIONOII QuiNTiuiu has given notice in tho Italian chamber of deputies of an interpellation regarding Premier Hudini's intentions in view of Mr. Blaine's latest communication on the New Orleans affair. THIS Catholic mission and several dwelling houses belonging to European residents were attacked and burned bv natives, at Woo lloo, China. A British warship will proceed to tho scone of tho riots, HUDINI in tho chamber of deputies on Wednesday discussing tho New Orleans affair, said it was simply a legal question. European sympathy was with Italy and he honed for friendly solution of the questions involved. OWINU to tho financial panic in Portugal the government has issued a decree granting a delay of sixty days in tho payment of all obligations. E.MPKUOH William is making dark threats against Bismarck should tho latter publish certain correspondence which passed between him and ox-chancellor during tho illness of Frederick. FIRES AND CASUALTIES. GIIKAT damage is being dono by forest fires in Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota. TIIK steamer Lucy Lowe foundered in tho straits of Juan do Fuca and fifty-five persons perished. B. F. LEGGETT & Co.'s grocery store in New York was burned, causing a loss of $500,000. ALUSTON, Out., was almost completely wiped out by a conflagration Friday. The loss is estimated at $300,000. Not a grocery or dry goods store is left in the town. tf,&++£>'«*y l ^ i ^ A PARTY of campers hear Liberty,N. M. were washed away by a cloudburst Monday night, E. J. Wilcok was drowned; the others nad a narrow escape. CnAni,E7 KINO, aged thrirteen, of Huron, Ind., was fatally poisoned by eating wild roots which he found_ in the woods Sunday. Two of his companions are very ill but will recover. AT Fort Wayne, Ind., Frankie the littl son of Frank i Webster, upset a teapot filled with boiling water and was scalded about the face and body. The child died Tuesday after suffering fearful agony. Mus. DEACON, of Baltimore, has been fatally hurt at Snewdon Mountains, Wales. Her husband is under arrest, being suspected of having thrown her over a precipice. AT Hardy, Neb., nine buildings in the business part of town were destroyed by fire Thursday. Loss, §50,000; insurance one-half. Br. the f-xplosion of a boiler in G. W. Wilson's saw mill at Wilson Station, W. Va., three men and a boy were instantly killed and two others seriously hurt. GRIME. JOHN RITCHIE, the Philadelphia em- , has been captured at Havana. AT Indianapolis, Ind., Minnie Whittaker, a fifteen year-old girl, committed suicide because her father was sent to prison for perjury. THE Bay Stale shoe-fastening machine company of Boston has been wrecked by some of its directors, the deficit being 8147,000. ONE man was_killed, two others fatally wounded in a riot between Italian and American laborers in the employ of Alexander ~ Graham, Belmont county, Ohio. A GANG of tramps boarded a freight train at Columbus, Ind., and in a fight with the trainmen one brakeman and one tramp were seriously hurt. IN a riot between Italian rind American laborers at Pipe Creek, W. Va., one man was killed, and two mortally and ten seriously wounded. JOSEPH H. ELWELL, republican "candidate for county attorney of Rock county, Nebraska, was arrested Thursday at Newport, Neb., on the charge of making couuterfeit money. Ai'Meadville, Pa., the grand jury has returned three true bills against G. B., G. W., T. A. and V. M. Delarnater for embezzlement. EIGHT more soldiers have been arrested at Walla Wai I a, 6 Wash., by the military authorities for complicity in the lynch- ng of Hunt. This makes sixteen now in sustody. AT White Plains, N. Y., Oscar Claims a prominent societyjnian and church leader embezzled $60,000 and eloped with a school teacher, leaving a wife and fami- TOM PAGE, 12 years old, struck his iiother on the head with a garden hoe, tilling her instantly, at Benton, Ark., Thursday morning. Mrs. Page was at- :empting to chastise tho boy. EDWAKD KENT, who rushed into a Wells street restaurant, in Chicago, on Saturday, seized and ran away with, the cash box and §125, was held to the grand jury yesterday in $800 bonds. Mus. J. NEVILLE was found dead in her lome in Philadelphia. The floor and the walls of her room were spattered with Mood, and the woman had apparently jeen clubbed to death after a hnrcl struggle. Her husband has been arrested. THE body of Dr. Edward A. Rose was : ound near Huntsville, Ark., Sunday. There was a bullet hole in the skull and a jistol near the corpse. The body was mclly decomposed. Dr. Rose has been missing 1 for nearly a week and whether :us death was caused by murder or suicide s a mystery. ASUUKY GIJEEN (colored), who Jwas on Monday sentenced to twenty-one years' mprisonment for an assault upon Mrs. 1'olson, was lynched at C'enterville, Md., snortly after midnight by a crowd of masked men, who stormed the jail. The community were exasperated at Green's sscape from the death ^penalty, and took ;he law into their own hands. WASHINGTON. MAKING 01 OF TWO. TIIEIIE is no news of the Itata or Charleston at the navy department. No credence is given to the report that the Charleston has sunk the Itata. THE Manitoba railroad has been in possession for several days of a letter from he secretary of the interior, in which the :ouipany is asked to submit a proposition or tho settlement under the Casey resplu- ion of the lands claimed in the Red river ralley. No reply has yet been made, nor s it at all certain thai the correspondence will be made public until it is submitted ':o congress next December. Just in Time. Washington Poat. An Irish gentleman getting upon a treet cor found one place vacant, which 10 proceeded to occupy. "Sure," said ho, with a twinkle in his eye, "I came just in the nick of time." "How is that?" "Arrah! If I was to come now I houldn't find a seat in the car." A ]!lg Contract. Philadelphia Press. Bowersox—Do you think all hope of a war with Italy has vanished? Laffan B. Phatt—I'm afraid so. I'm lisappointed, too, for I counted on influ- uce enough to see me a major's com mis- ion. "I counted on more than that!" "What did you expect?" "The contract to sell peanuts to the talian arniv." "There's no use tryin' to ejycate the Chinese," said Patrolman Flynn. "They lon't even know their own language. i asked one o' 'em phwat the worrid fur 1. Patrick's day was in Chinese, and he ouldn't tell me." Changing Defeut to Victory. The genius of Sheridan at Winchester changed lofeat to victory. So when fooblo adversaries in he shape of inefficient remedies fail to stay tho irogresa of that obstinate uud malignant foe, nm- iiria, Hosteller's Stomach Bitters turns the tide— Irivos the enemy back. Nothing in malaria nedica, or out of It, compares with this as an op- mnont of every form of malarial disease. Chills and fever, dumb ague, bliiona remittent and ague cake—it mutters not—one uud all are extirpated by the Bitters. To take a course of the grout preparative in advance of the malarial BOU- BOU, is to buckle on, as it were, an armor of proof which deflos attack. So fortified, «o protected, you shall be scatheless. Weniember, too, that ths BlUers ia an eradicates of liver complaints, con etiputlou, rheumatlwa, kidney cornplauitii »ud Queer Ways ofTieing 1 Nuptial Knots, Some Make it a Business-Like Affair. The Marriage Ceremony as Perfonnei in Most all Countries of the World. Our Good, Old, Plain, American Way After all, is as Good as Any. [New York Pre.ss.] Just as long as this old world of ours goes on, so long as there are youth to woo and maidens to bp won, courtship and marriage will bo subjects of perhaps greater interest than all other things put together We in America, where, in the case of choosing a husband or a wife, ais in everythinE else, there is so much freedom of action can better appreciate the sanctity and beauty of the marriage tie by comparing our customs, forms and ceremonies witb those i of other countries. It is known, of course, that in all European countries, women, particularly of the upper classes, have very little to say in regard to this life step, parents or guardians arranging everything to their own satisfaction, and acquainting her of the details afterward. In France the "marriage de conven- ance" is the only one thought of, and we are told that_in these marriages very often the husband is a man past middle age, a man who has become satiated with all the pleasures of life, so decides to settle down and spend his declining years in a semblance of respectability. To do this he will marry, and that too, a young, inno* cent girl who, perhaps, just from a convent or the hands of a governess, is destined to all too quickly have her fairy "castles in the air," her girlish illusions, quk'kly dispelled. The Frenchman who wants to marry may address himself to a number of intermediaries. In case he has already fixed his choice and is known to her parents and guardians he may lay his case before them. If, on the contrary, he just makes up his mind to marry without any choice at all, he can apply to his own relatives, friends, matrimonial agencies, etc. He must pretend to be very tired of bachelor life, very much in earnest in longing for the peace and quiet of domesticity, and wish earnestly that he might meet some young girl with whom he conld settle down and live happily. In due time his interested friends find one they think will suit ;him. He is invited to a dinner, a reception, anything to meet her. Preliminaries in the way of financial settlements are arranged and the farce continued to the last word, "What God hath joined together let no man put assunder." In Germany it is quite a business-like affair. There is an officer in the German army to-day who wears upon his finger a ring which many years ago was given him by the girl he loved but whom he had to give up, she not having the "dower" requisite for an arruy man's wife. In Italy, while among the better class'of people, a young man and woman are never allowed to see each other alone, and there is that same looking out on both sides for the substantial part of the transaction, still it is often an "affaire de cceur," and not an unnsual thing for an Italian lover to give up home, parents and money in order to wed the girl of his choice. When the families are upon good terms, however, the young man calls at the house and sees his loved one in the presence of others. Though they are never alone, it can be easily imagined that there is a language of eyes that cannot be easily stopped, even if seen, and which tolls thelyoung man when to speak. Even after the question is put to those of tho young lady, after settlements are made and the betrothal made public, the lovers are never allowed to be alone, nor to show in any way their affection for each other. Among the Turks marriage is a civil contract, and the union of the parties is registered by the cadi or magistrate. Neither bride nor srroom is present and no female friends of the bride attend. The deed is executed by proxy, signed by witnesses, friends and a priest. The marriage contract particularly enumerates the dowry to be settled on the wife in case her husband dies or is divorced. In case one wife is of equal social standing with her husband and the others not, thby are made to wait upon her and aro in a certain sense her slaves, whether she be married before them or not. Indeed, in India it is the poor bride who has all the hard work, but the women of India, from the time she gives up her childhood to tho day of her death, is the very worst kind of a slave. When a new wife is expected all the hardest and most laborious work is left for her, and she has nothing to eat vmtil every other member of the house is fed, The men always eat first, the women waiting: on them; then the older wives eat what is left, and the poor bride, often a little girl, picks up any crumbs that may come to her, and she is never allowed to see her husband alone till her youth has gone past her and she is ugly and decrepit. Among the fashionable people in Russia it is customary to solemnize marriages in a drawing-room and by candlelight. There is no bridal tour, nor does the bride go from parental .authority. Her father still has dominion over her, can summon her from her husband if he is ill or needs her; can, if he loses his wife, claim her services for three months, and very often does so. If his daughter's husband dies he can compel her to return home «nd become the guardian of his children. These privileges extend only to the father of the bride, the mother having no rights at all. After the wedding ceremony in Russia there is a banquet, followed by a ball, and after that another supper. In houses where old customs are still observed, at this last feast a new satin slipper of the. bride is brought out. This is used as a drinking cup by the friends of tho groom, who pass it round and drink the bride's health in it, until it is thoroughly soaked with wine and will hold no more. All of the speeshes, or toasts > to her health, ore replied to by her father instead of the groom. In Australia the mother and aunts do not speak to the husband all the rest of his life. If by chance they meet him, they squat down, covering their faces with their hands, and if obliged to speak in each other's presence use a funny kind of Jingo called "turn tongue.'' When the married pair have been taken to tho new hufc prepared for them, for two moons the bridegroom and bis "best man" sleep OB one side of the fire, while the bride and her maids sleep oh the other. They are not allowed to speak to each other, and are all that time a huge joke to the rest of the young people around, who amuse themselves all day by peeping in and laughing at them. In Iceland a bridu is known by her dress whiah is finer and more costly than that of her 'sisters, and she wears around the head-dress, close to her face, a silver gilt crown j chains are suspended from ner neck, und to one is attached a tiny heart, a present from the groom, in which some kind of perfume^ are put. This last is a very pretty sentiment, and one worthy of oar own civilization. In Lapland the lover, whe_n going to propose to the girl of his choice, arms himself with two bottles of brandy. One he Eresents to her father, the other he drinks imself. No business is discussed until the bottles are finished, when, both being in n happy, social state of mind, it is presumed the consent is granted without much difficulty. After the betrothal the groom must bring a bottle of brandy to his prospective father-in-law every time he calls upon the daughter, which accounts, perhaps, for the long time which the < Lapland father often keeps the lover waiting. After, perhaps, years of this he is obliged to serve the father for a whole year after his marriage, while the mother- in-law, if she be the object of terror, the fact is carefully concealed, and she is waited upon most assiduously by her son- in-law. She holds the reins in her own hands, usually lives with her daughter, and has the power to divorce her by simply packing his things and throwing them out of the house. The husband then follows them, and both are free to look for other companions. Sometimes, too, the would- be brides are very shy, and have to be brought into the room by two women, where they crouch in a corner with their faces covered. In Borneo the bride and bridegroom are brought from different ends of the town to the spot where the ceremony is to be performed. They are there made to sit on two bars of iron, that health, as vigorous and blessings as lasting may attend tho day. After all, pur own custom of "hearts not hands" is best, and while this is occasionally perverted by the social ambition of mother and daughter the majority of o_ur girls are true to the teachings of their grandmothers, who believed marriage without love to be a sacrilege. PKOVJNG HIS IDENTITY. How a Younc Yankee Secured :i Passage Hom o From tho Consul. Selected. Nathaniel Hawthorne was a kind-hearted man as well as a great novelist. While he was consul at Liverpool a young Yankee walked into his office. The boy had left home to seek his fortune, but evidently ttadn't found it yet, although he had crr.ss- d the sea in his search. Homesick, friendless, nearly penniless he wanted a passage lome. The clerk said Mr. Hawthorne could not be seen, and intimated that the boy was no American, but was trying to steal a passage. The boy stuck to his point, and tbe clerk at last went to the little room and said to Mr. Hawthorne; "Here's a boy.insists upon seeing you. 3e says he's an American, but I don .t know he isn't." Hawthorne carno out of the room and ooked keenly at the ruddy face of the joy. •'You want a passage to America?" "Yes, sir." "And you say you're an American?" "Yes, sir."' "From what part of America?" "United States, sir." "What State?" "New Hampshire, sir." "Town?" "Exefcer, sir." Hawthorne looked at him for a minute before asking the next question. "Who sold the best apples in your town?" ^'Skim-milk Folsoin, sir," said the boy with glistening eyes, as the old familiar >y-word brought up the dear old scenes of lome. "It's all right," said Hawthorne to the clerk, "give him a passage." WHY SNOW IS WHITE. All the Elementary Colors are Blended Together In the Crystals. The pure white luster of snow is due to ;he fact that all the elementary colors of ight are blended together in the radiance ;hat is thrown off from the surface of the srystals. It is quite possible to examine lie. individual snow crystals in such a way is to detect these several colors before ;hey are mingled together to constitute ;he compound impression of whiteness upon the eye. The snow is then clothed vith all the varied hues of the rainbow. The soft whiteness of the snow is also in some degree referable to the large quan- iityofair which is entangled amid the 'rosien particles. Snow is composed of a large number of ninute crystals, explains London Tit- Bits. More than a thousand distinct 'orms of snow crystals have been enumer- ited by various observers. One hundred in:l fift.y-ono were noticed during eight lays in February and March, 1885, by Mr. Glashler, which were carefully drawn, engraved and printed in a paper attached the report of the British Meteorological society for that year. These minute crystals and prisms re- lect all the compound rays of which white ight consists. Sheets of snow n the jround are known to reflect pink and )lue tints under certain angles of sun shine, and to fling back so much light as o be painful to the oyes by day, and to guide the traveler, in the absence of moonshine, by niaht. A PAUROT STO11Y. Phe Owner of a Purr >t Greatly Annoyed by Some of Its Sayings' Sometime ago a captain, who had been on a long voyage, brought home a parrot. The parrrot who had been with him, had earned some of the sayings of the sailors. )no evening the captain invitftd a friend ,o supper, and began talking about where 16 had been, and to winch the parrot replied : "That's a lie." The captain was rather cross at this, so 10 covered tho cage over. He still kept on with the conversation, and the parrot gain remarked: "What a lie!'" This so enraged the captain that he seized a jug of water and threw it over the mrrot, and the parrot screamed: "All handa on deck, another thunder itorm!" LIFE IN AUSTRALIA. Sports and Pastimes Play an Impd Part In that Country. Harper's Weakly. Sports play an enormous part in Australian existence. People live virtually out-of-doors most of the year. It is not a land of fire-side; there is little crowding about, the hearth-stone. There is therefore something more than independence than is seen in colder lands, perhaps less tenseness to domestic bonds. From year's end to year's end the tide of recreation flows. If it is not a rowing race, it is a cycling tournament; if not a yachting regatta, it is a running match; if not a trotting event, it is a running meeting. In the last-named we have the dearly loved sport of the Australian, What would be thought of the governor-general of Canada if he at- tende'd a trotting match? In what favor would the president of the United States stand if he were seen every day for a week at Sheepshead Bay, alternating between the saddling paddock and members' stand, and responded in due season to the call of "4 to 1 on the field," or "6 to 1, bar one"? And what would be thought if the ruler at the white house carried the point still further, and entered a horse of his own for the sweepstakes? It is all a matter of custom. What would be thought of the governor of Victoria who did not appear at the cup meeting in November? Or the the governor of New South Wales who did not attend the spring and autumn meetings of the Redwick race-course in Sydney? He would fall just as far for leaving-undone what the president of the United States or the governor-general _ of Canada would be execrated for having done. _ . . But the rules under both conditions dor" what is expected of them; and at the ilwf bourne club meeting, where 150,000 peo-^- ple assemble year after year, not only the ' eovernor of the colonv may be seen, but \ four and five of her majesty's represents- -yyj-: tives from different parts of the continent. JF' Flemington is to the Australian what \ Kandy is to the Buddhist. He may get excited over a Chinese bill, he. may become heated, and cripple trade at the time of a strike, he may become nervous enough to stone his political prophets,, he may venture a short sum of savings on a Beach and Hanlan rowing race; but his affections, his spirited emotions, his genius for risk and investment prostrate themselves in eager devotion before the Melbourne "cup." The average Australian may not know the estimated value of the public works of the colony, the amount per head of population iv the savings- banks, the names of past statemen of note, the date of time of the passing of the responsible government act, but he can tell, you how much was paid for the flying pieman, and the time to a second in which Arsenal or Sheet Anchor won the cup; and of all governors, he looks back to the days of Governor Sir Hercules Robinson, whose presence, in the grave words of a great newspaper of Australia, "gave the turf a great impetus, did much to foster breeding, and raised the tone of sport generally." It is almost impossible to conjecture the ultimate effect of his love of exciting sports upon Australian national life. The elementary investment and risk in it is part of the general commercial action and existence. The great saving clause seems to lie in the fact that these racing and" other events are not attended with viciousness, brawling, or lawlessness of any sort. A race meeting is as orderly as a'tennis tournament, and -among 150,000 people the police have little or nothing to do in the preservation of order. The sense of reserve and personal pride is high in-the character of the people. To them, racing is a recreation, not a dissipation. It is as much a part of the life as a fair or a wake was in Ireland twenty-five years ago. REIMBURSED. HOTV the Rothschilds Reinstated an Old an Trusted Cashier. A few years ago an old and trusted cashier of one of the Rothschilds' establishments went to his employers and told them that during the 30 years of tiis service with them he had managed to save the sum of 250,000 francs, and desired to go into business for himself. While the firm regretted to lose so fatthful a man, they bade him good luck. The cashier began to speculate, and in a very short time returned to his old employers asking for reinstatement, and telling them he had been "wiped out." He was given his old position and was advanced one year's salary. One day one of the Rothschilds took their old servant aside and told him to invest what he had in certain securities. The old man did so, and the stocks went booming upward. The bankei had instructed the brokers to send prices skyward. Finally the old cashier was told to sell. He sold, and his profits were exactly the 250,000 francs he had lost. Prices settled down to their old point and the Rothschilds charged up a loss of that amount to themselves. They knew their employe was too proud to accept a gift, and they took this means to reimburse him.—Globe-Democrat. Cordial Greeting.; Human nature needs all the kindliness and aid possible. A cordial greeting, a pleasant word helps a little; and easily becomes a habit with a gracious natured person. Never be afraid to take the initiative in politeness. Take a little care to bow to the shy, the poor and the friendless. A lady need never fear being too gracious. Let at least the passer by read in your face the desire to be courteous. There is nothing finer than a sweet dignity. It is perhaps, the best quality of a woman, and teaches her, intuitively to bow, to smile, and how to receive ana dismiss her friends. Of course this is an im. perfect world, full of impoliteness, but to rise superior to that imperfection, to be always gracious and polite, is to meet one's fate more than half way. Remember it is only too easy to depress your world with a gloomy countenance. Despondency is no virtue. There are three qualities which every woman should cultivate, kindliness in thought and deed toward others, a clear head, to see where kindliness should have its limit, and a perfectness of self command. With these three adjuncts ft woman may attempt and achieve not only content and happiness but a social success, which, however little she may value, is merely an appreciative tribute to her worth. Mr. Suburb (hastily swallowing his' breakfast, near train time): "Any news in the paper this morning?" Mrs. Suburb: "No; not a single mark- 8, down sale of any kind." ' He: "Why, Ethel, what's the in atter with the clock? It's an hour and a half fast!" She: "Why, so it is. I saw pap wwa it just before you came."
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