The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on May 6, 1891 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 6, 1891
Page 2
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THE tJPPEft ftas MQlNflS* MTO^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^j^^^ggjjiiijj.gjj^jQji00iijjjj^jggjjjgj^^ .-GONA, IOWA. TBKJ now Masonic temple at Chicago, wil cost $2,000,000. A skeleton structure of steel will be constructed, around which the masonary will be built. RUSSIA has created quite a sensation by boldly declaring that the Dardanelles must not be closed to Russian ships. It looks like war, but it has bton looking like war for nix yenrs past. A ROMAN doctor has discovered in many of the skulls found in Etruscan tombs, as well as in those deposited in various museums, interesting specimens of ancient dentistry work and artificial teeth. Sonio of these skulls date as far back an tho sixth century befoic Christ, proving dentistry is not a modern art. LATEST advices fnm the Chilian revolution give it more the character of a series of mansacrcB than cf war. No qunrter ia given either side; even women and children are not spared by the half savage Holdiers of whichever army happens to be for the time victorious. ONE day, in 1830, when a working jeweller, Joseph Qillott, now the famous Btcol pen maker, accidentally split ono of his finn stool tools, an J being suddenly required to sign a rccaipt, not finding his quill pen at hand, ho used tho split tool as a ready substitute. This happy accident led to the idea of making pens of steel. TUB necessity of developing the best sugar industry in this country is emphasized by the fiut that 13,000 tons of sugar were exported to tho United States from . Hawaii nlonu between tho 15th and 23il of last month, while 2,000 additional wore exported from March 31 to April 7. Such unprecedented tonnage within tho compass or so short a time should stimulate farmers to take hold of the best sugar industry with an ardor ablaao with every element of success. carbon to pure iron and it becomes steel. Add a hydro-carbon to iron, and steel itself becomes so extensively modi- fled that its properties aro not recognis- able. Thus steel may be as soft as pure iron. Add hydrogen, in varying quantity, and it has tho quality of a resilience, as in tho watch spring, or tho quality of tenacity, as in tho knife or razor, or may be given nearly the hardness of a diamond, as in a file. With steel at a low temperature, from 400 to 450 deg. I 1 '., edge tools are produced, the color in tho yellow shades; from 500 to 525 deg. various sorts of springs aro produced, color blue; while by heating iron to whiteness and plunging it into water, which is mainly composed of hydrogen, files aro produced; or forms ven harder. STIIjKTTOES AND ST1UKKS. Five hundred Italian stone masons on a strike for higher wages set out iin New York city recently to force other Italians who had not struck to quit work. At one place visited the foreman ordered his men to arm themselves with the handles of their pickaxes, and he himself drew a revolver. A deadly combat would doubtless have occurred had not the police interfered. The significant part of the story is that ''on tho fifteen men arrested were found seven revolvers and fourteen stilettoes and knives. It miiy be well to give these Italians to understand that in this country the pistol and dagger'are not recognized as legitimate moans of sot ling labor disputes. American wage earners do not resort to tho weapons of the assassin in controversies with their employers., and foreign laborers should not bo allowed to do so with impunity. I'ALKSTJNK 1'OH TI1K JEWS. The quostion of a restoration of Palestine to tho Jows, its former owners, is attracting much attention on both sides of the son. Tho London Globo describes a meeting in this intoiest held at the Groa- venor House in that city, and tin Revue des Deux Mondes in Paris treats at length of tliu Jewish dispersion, and of tho pr jbability of an awakening of desire among that people for such a turn as is proposed. Some interesting facts are given as to the number of Jews now dispersed over tho world, and tho points at which they nppenr chiefly to concentrate. It is estimated by the writer of tho article in the Revue, Mr. Loroy-Beaulieu, that tho whole number of this interesting pno pic, now in the world, is between eight and nine millions, of whom seven or eight millions aro in Europe. Tho Russian Jews, including those of. Poland, aro placed at three or four millions; those of Austria at not far from 1,700,000; Galieiu, 700,000; Hungary, 050,000; Bohemiu, 100,000; tho German Empire, 000,000. two-thirds ol them in Prussia; England 100,000; Prance, 80,000, three-fourths of them in Par. In Spain and Portugal there aro said to bo no native Jows at all, although once they were said to bo very numerous there, The number in America is not givon, though it is no doubt steadily increasing. In Asin, the home of the nu:o, there are bat few; which suggests the rather surpi ising fuel that the movement of Jewish "migration hus during tho eentmius been so constantly westward. Whether, under any circumstances, tho time may turn, ib what some doubt, although there appears to be no good reason why it should not. THE LATEST NEWS. GENERAL NOTES. THE governor and council of Maine will present to the United States cruiser Maine a $1,000 service of silver plate. A. rnEiiiSTomo mound containing Aztec relics has been discovered in Montclatn county, Mich. On. TAI.MAOK'S new tabernacle, wl ich cost $410,000, was opened Sunday, with dedicatory nervines. TUB {Pennsylvania coke workers' strike up (o date—twelve weeks—has cost 83,000,000. GiiouND was broken Thursday for _the railroad tunnel under the Detroit river between Detroit and Windsor. IT is proposed to start at Galveston, L'ex., a pan-American university to promote closer relations between North and South America. ELVISH hundred European immigrants arrived in Boston, Sunday. They will settle in New England. , PHKMIEII JOHN ROIISON, of British Columbia, favors trade . reciprocity with the United Slates, TIIK World's fair appropriation bill has passed both houses in tne New York legislature. SAMIJB L. QKHUY, the woll-known artist and anti slavery agitator, died Monday at Boston. TUB Rothschilds aro said to have purchased l,lio Anaconda mines in Montana for $25,000,000. IT is stated that a small greenish insect is doing groat damage to wheat in Rich and RusBoll counties in Kansas. TitBcloar'ngHof the Chicago hanks for the pust week were 884,961,950 against 877,694,939 for the corresponding week one year go. STOCKHOLOBUB of the Hargreaves mill at Fall River, Mass., have decided to erect a now 8300,000 mill to manufacture fine goods. ADVIOKS from Central and South America indicate that till the Spanish Republics will have extensive exhibits at the the worlds fair. Ruv. PiiiLLTrs BIIOOKS was on Thursday elected Episcopal bishop of the clioceao of Massachusetts. He was the c.indiclaloof the low church men, and received 92 of the 150 votes. PHOKKSHOH Andrew Senas, "f the Hartford Theological 'School, has accepted the professorship of the ecclesiastical history at thoMcCor'iiick Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Chicago. Two MORE Philadelphia short-term on- dowmrnfc concerns have collapsed—ihe. Benevolent Order of Active Workers and the Bi-Monthly Benevolent, ARsociation. The former lias liabilities of $120,00 and assets of $7,000. MAYOK WASituuuNis, of Chicago has begun promptly to redeem his campaign pledges. Chief of Police Marsh was ordered Tuesday morning to close tho gambling houses, and the doors of.the robbers' dens have already been closed, and will not again be onenened during Mayor Washburne's administration. FOREIGN. THE Prince of Wales is to be president of the new Imperial institute. it is said that anarchists will inaugurate a general strike in Europe May 1, A CALCUTTA dispatcn says, the British defeated 1,000 Muneepoors on tho 23d and arp still advancing. THE funeral of Gen. Von Moltke took place in Berlin Tuesday. He was buried in great state. OK 1,163 steerage passengers who arrived in Berlin on tho Cephatonla all but two were English and Irish. THE historic town of Rouihild, in the duchy of Meiningen, was almost destroyed by fire. A ZANZUJAK dispatch says, the warships Pigeon and Brisk have left the harbor with sealed orders, ft is believed iheir destination is die PungA>o river. A MADIIID dispatch in authority for the report that the rebel Chilian iron-clad Encalado was attacked with toruedoes and sunk. Most of. tho crew lost their lives. THE government will take decisive steps within a few days for the expulsion of Quef n Natalie from Scryia, in accordance with tho recent resolution of the skups- china, EjUMiHOH WIU.IAM sent his brother-in- law, Duke Gunlhcr of Schleswig-Holslein, to the guardhouse for going to a horse- raco cor.nary to the imperial command. THE police of Naples, Italy, have placed under arrest manny of the more prominent socialists of the city on the charge of inciting tho laboring 'classes to take bart in seditious demonstrations on May day. THE supplementary baMot in Goeste- nniwki was taken Wednesday, and there- turns from 55 polling places gave Bismarck 5,788, Sclimalteldt, 4,718. CHILIAN rebels attempted to assassinate President Balmaceda Wednesday, by throwing a dynamite bomb through a palace window. Fortunately no one was hurt by tho explosion. Tins British army that is invading the rebellious province of Manipur have again defeated the native forces in battle, and the capital of the province is probably already in English hands. A MAN employed in the postollice was siczed \vith a homicidal frenzy today and murdered his wife, mother-in-law and three children, and .suicided in the Danube river, THIS Romo Lnpinione publishes a dispatch from Palermo UMerfing that an American journalist named Engol- niann who hns arrived in that city hau been delegated by the government of tho United States to render assistance to t!u< families of the Italian subjects lynched in New Orleans. FIRES AND CASUALTIES. Finn destroyed a largo portion of !5t. Charles, Minn., tho loss being $100,000. Two grain elevators at Pemlleton, hul.. wore burned Sunday morning. The KIJ..S is §30,000. Finis in tlw stock house of the Pioneer furnace at Negaunee, Mich., early Tuesday morning destroyed 85,000 worth of proporty. By the collision of freight work trains at Rock Point, Pa., on the Pittsburg &. Lake Erie railroad, two Italian laborers were killed and several others injured, two of them quite sSriousIy. FINE on Tuesday destroyed sovurul business Blocks atJFrankhu, PH., causing a loss 011100,000; partially insured. AT New Bedford, Masfl., 700 bales of cotton were on Wednesday destroyed by fire. Foun persons were killed and several injured in a collision on the Baltimore & Ohio railroad near Gaithersburg, Mel. THE Rev. Father Lacasse and two students of the college of Terrehonne, Ind., were carried over a dam while crossing the river in a boat, and the old man anil one student were drowned. Mns. HAIUUSON had a narrow escape from death or serious in jury at Riverside f!al., Thursday, the horse taking fright and running away. THE paint shop at Stillwater, Minn., watt burned Wednesday night with all its contents. Loss $53,000, partially insured. AT Emporia. Kan., Raymond P. Dwyer, a young farmer, was instantly killed by lightning from a perfectly cloudless sky. HBAVY forest fires are raging in Ros- nommon, Clare and Gladwin countie?, Mich. Large quantities of logs and other property have been burned. The loss will approximate $100,000. THE org an factory and ware rooms of H. Whitney &Co., of Quincy, III., burned Thursday morning. The loss on the building is about 810,000. By the falling of a wall in Cincinnati Saturday, Frank Glenn, age 18. and William Gibson, a stonemason, were killed and thirteen others injured, hut not seriously. A iruEtciHT train on the Southern Pacific was ditched near El Paso, Texas, Monday nicrht, and head Brakoman George Mauley and engineer John Till I were fatally injured. THK Alton elevator tit Kansas City, with five cars of Brain, was burned Monday night; loss, 860,000. Fire also destroyed the village of Harrisville, N. Y. (loss 8100,000), and tho Honry Grove (Texas) compress and 1,400 bales of cotton (loss S150.000). Mucir damage was done to property in Duluth, Minn., Sunday night: by a severe wind storm. No ono has been reported injured. THK fast express on the "Big Four" was derailed near Indianapolis, Sunday, and and six passengers fataly injured. Among them were ex-secretary of state W. R. Meyers, of Anderson, Ind., and Thomas Magill, of Chicago. GRIME. AT Gosher., Ind., Mrs. J. L. Brick shot and killed her husband in t.elf-defence. HBNHY BKNTEH, aged 67, committed suicide Tuesday night while temporarily insane from g?ip. • W. H. COVINOTON, cashier of the Farmers' and Traders' bank, Montgomery, Mo., has disappeared, "he shortage is $9,000. WILLIAM TYIJSJI, a dealer in counterfeit monny, was arrested in Chicago Tuesday by United Status officers. Two colored tramps in jail at Monroe, Mich., assulted the turnkey. The officer shot both men, one being killed instantly and the other will die. SOME unknown person broke into the stable of John Kemerer, near Murryville, fa., poisoning four imported stations valued at §10,000 and cut up his carriage and harness. A WELL known Wall street broker, whose wife was granted a divorce in the superior court Tuesday e\vning. shot himself at the Cooper Uiiion hotel, inflicting probably a ''atal wound. GFO. REIFSTKCK shot and killed F. S. Hanson near Le Mars, Iowa. Hanson died instantly. The murderer escaped. DR. SAMUEL S. FLEMING, of Cathn, III., hanged himself in his father's barn at Milan, Ind., Saturday. He had become insane from over-study. AN Italian made an unprovoked attack on two men in Newark, N. J., Sunday morning, killing one and fatally wounding thb other. The assasin was captured. JOHN BKICJUT, an Anisto, Ala., barber shot and killed Adolphus Williams bo- cause the latter criticised the way in which his hair was cut. POSTOFFICE inspectors Fits and Flein- minef have arrested William Tyler, one of the green goods swindlers who have been reaping a harvest in Chicago. F, CASSELL reported to the police in Philadelphia on Wednesday night that he had lost or had his pocket picked of §4.900 in a street car. Tho matter is being investigated. J. L. DUNN claiming to be of the firm of Dunn & Perkins, Austin. Texas, has been arrested at Atlanta, Ga., charged with the forgery of three sight drafts on Memphis merchants for §12,500. IT has boon discovered that Arthur C. Oilman, bookkeeper lor the firm of Lir- rabee & Steer of New York, who died recently was a defaulter in the sum of $222,000. AT Montreal, Ind., Martin Forrick shot and probably fatallylwounded Jeff Bunn?ll and then shot and put a bullet through his own heart, dying instantly. The men had some words over a town ele.'tion contest. THE soldiers in the garrison at Walla \Vall", Wash,, broke into the jail in that city Friday night and shot D. J. Hunt, who was imprisoned for killing one of their comrades. L. Proem 1 , the Texan, who stole 15,000 sheep from his employer, sold them for 839,000 and eloped with a beautiful wo man, has been arrested in Halifax, N. S., together with tho woman. AT White Pigeon, Ind., J. L. Brick attempted to choka his wife, when she drew a revolver from her pocket and shot him, almost killing him instantly. IT has been discovered that John T. Hill, of the ninth] national bank of New York city, who died on March 1, stole 8400.000 'from Ihe bank. The bank's capital is reported to be unimpaired. TUB body of Dr. Edward A. Rose was found nnur llimlsville, Ark., Sunday. There was a bullet hole in the skull and a pistol near the corpse. The body was badly decomposed. Dr Rose has been missing for nearly a week and whether his death was caused by murder or suicide is a mystery. WASHINJ'1-ON. THE treasury department lias ordered a duty of 25 per cent, on Mexican lottery tickets sent in through El Paso by express. TUB Chinese government has notified (.he state department at Washington that Henry W. Blair, who has been appointed minister to China, isuot acceptable. SECRETARY NOBLE has appointed the following commission to adjust certain differences between the Sioux Indians in South Dakota: Charles E. Pearce, St. Louis; Geo. H. Harris, Washington; A. R. Applernan, Columbus, 0. TMEASCKV dfficials are confident tnat there will be sufficient funds to meet all the requirements of the government nn til the meeting of congress, when, it is more than probable, some legislation may become necessary to meet heavy appropriations payable within the fiscal year beginning July 1, . THE ordnance officers of the navy department have just completed at the proving ground, at Indian Head, the final test of the thirty-inch steel rifled gruna for the double fnireted monitor Miantonomah. With 239 pounds of Dnpont brown powder and fifteen tons pressure, the projectile attained a muzzle velocity of 2,110 feet per second, probably the best result on record for this bore of gun. using brown powder. WISCONSIN STATE NEWS. William J. Christen, a prominent farmer of Lodi, while caring for his stock recently was attacked by a ferocious bull, knocked down nnd badly trampled upon. Ed. Angus, of Lancaster, while working on a circular saw, was struck directly behind the ear by a heavy piece of iron, which crushed into his skull and so injured him that his recovery is very doubtful. Asa Piper, an old man living west of Necnah, took a dose of poison by mistake for medicine Tuesday, it is thought he will recover. The houses of Mrs. U. VV. Gerry nnd Max Mayer were burglarized Tuesday ni&ht. Watches and money valued at $200 were taken. The acreage of tobacco that will be pu out in the vicinity of Dayton this seas will by far exceed that of any previo season. The Progressive, the Penokee & Central and the Sampson Jron Mining companies, of Ashland, were consolidated and articles of incorporation drawn up for permanent organization in which Ashland capital is invested. The incorporntors are D. G. Sampson, S. S. Fifield, H. H. Ginsburg, F. H. Payne, Charles Coogster and Joseph 1. Levy. The Keyes-Hill examination was ended Tuesday night at Durand. Keyes was bound over to the October term of. the circuit court,, in hail of 81,000. Bauer Bros', meat market, building and etock, was entirely consumed at Kilbourn City. The loss is §1,500 and the insurance $800. Henry Saddler, of Pepin, had his leg crushed under a cnr wheel Tuesday. Nearly all of the logs have been driven to their destination from Augusta, and th.; lumbermen are hnppy. They haven't had so good a drive fur several years. August Pearson, a well known citizen of Oshkosh has benn missing since last Wednesday and no clue can be found as to his whereabouts. _ It is thought possible he may have suicided. The Rev. J. G. Grepnwood returned to Oahkoxh Wednesday night front a trip around the world. His health is much improved. To a, reporter he said he would not be driven away from. Oshkosh by the ritualistic discussion now taking place in the diocese of Fond du L'ic. News was received Thursday morning at Oshkosb, that Thomas Smith, one of the best known brakemen on the Oshkosh division of the Chicago & Northwestern railway was killed at Kewaskum bridge early this morning. Mrs. Howe, the Krnness manager, is tangled up in her finances at La Crosse and cannot get straightened out without some litigation. She gave a good entertainment and her share of the receipts was about $660.. What is doubtless a case of infanticide came to light at Thicnsvilla hist Sundny. The c"ead body of a new-born bii-hy V\M« found floating in the river at that pince. John Miller, an old settler of Shiocton, died Wednesday at 3 o'clock from the •effects of the grippe. Miss Gertiude Russell, daughter of R. G. Russell, president of the German National bank in O.shkoeh, was Thursday morning wedded to Arthur Wakefield, son of G. M. Wakefield, the well known mining operator, of Milwaukee. The Rev. E. h. Smith was last night re-engaged ns pastor of the First Congregational church at Oshkosh, his term being an indefinite one. Some months ago he was expelled from the Winnebago conference of the congregational church, but in spite of this he was re-engaged as pastor of the Oshkosh church. James Galligan, a pioneer resident of Neenah, died Wednesday night of Bright's disease. On the 9th of March last, C. M. Brown lost S500 in bills he had drawn from th« bank at Watertqwn, Wednesday afternoon Marshal Forster arrested Albert Hanson on suspicion of having found the money. The first loclge of the Independent Order of Foresters was instituted in West Superior Wednesday night, with a membership of twenty-four. Charles Hannah, of Beloit, a farmer 44 years old, shot himself in the head with u revolver Wednesday evening. His mind wan slight!;/ affected of late. Orlando Root, an old and respected citizen of Fox L ike, died from the effects of the grippe Thursday. J. A. Harriman, the pedestrian, arrived in Superior last evening accompanied by his wife. Ho will go into training to bfat by 400 miles the J889 record of E. P. West on, wao made 1,400 miles in 32 days. Yomii; America is Practical. A Lewiston father took his bright eyed boy of ten years to see thoVhell mounds at Damarifcntta a Jew day ago and endeavored to impress a lesson on the youngster. "My fon" said he, ' 'see how orderl) these Indians were. They pilled their shells UP in a heap in this one place instead JJof leaving them lying all around loose." "Pa," said ihe youthfnll auditor, after a few moments' reflection, "I gue?s I know whv they did it." "Wei, Why?" "Because the Indians went barefooted and thi-y were afraind the shells would cut their toes it'they left them scattered over tho ground V" Young America is nothing if not practical and he thinks for himself. Don't Throw Up the Sponge! That hideous ogre, Giant Uoc pair, otten fastens hi* clutch upon the chruulo Invalid. Constantly plngn, d by Oyt'pcp 'a, Pilliiwneia SC'l conetlpa" tlou—nervous i.mi Mwplesa loo—wlius wonder is' it that having tried in vuiu ti inullluid* of usoiww remedies lie la ready, figuratively speaking, to "llivow up thBepongo." Lei the unfortunate "taUe heart of grace," llostettev'» Stoimich liiuora, can and will put a termiuuu lo liMrluls. It strengthen* the Btptuucl), confers nervous vigor by pro- inothi" assimilation of tho food, uroiiSKS the liver when dormant, anil velases the bowels without pain, "'lie tilillily to dteett and uvsimllate ve- siuietl, \iie ability to sleui> follows- Nuilinu then ran etuv llio vvuewul of health but imprudence. Hosteller's Sioinneh lliuora, moreover, tnnii'veuUr •till otlifrti «a a ivmudy for jnaliirial, riieiuniuie ttoil judn*y complaints. A \yiuei[latii*tul \jree i.,we»*aey. THE PiCAFIC JEAE Attractions of the Beantifnl Isle of Oahn, "the Home of the Sugar Cane.'' The Wealth of Her Fertile Soil Promises to give this Kcigon Great Prominence. Pearl City* on Pearl River, has Many Business Advantages Peculiar To Itself. [BY LIONEL STAQOE.] The Island of Ouhu, of which Honolulu is the capital, was first discovered in 1794, and was then called Fairhaven. The natives at the time of the discovery were subject to tho most savage superstition, and it was not until Katnebatneha the Great, who was then chief of the Island of Hawaii, met in combat Kahekili, the chief of Ouhu, and totally destroyed the fleet of the lattpr, that Honolulu's era of peace and prosperity set in. Kahekili, in a message to his triumphant foe, pleaded for a truce. " Wait till the black tape covers mo," said he, 'and my kingdom shall be yours." His death shortly followed. On this island, then, for the^leasure seeker as well as for the invalid in search of coveted good health, Honolulu presents the most diversified attractions. Situated in the center of Hawaii's matchless group, "the Isle of Oahu," with its magnificent shipping facilities nt Pearl Harbor, in a matchless climate and surrounded by every natural advantage, (such as nature has bestowed upon no other region), is indeed a most desirable and popular resort. Here is the natural home of the sugar cane, [which the venerable Theophrastus, who _ lived about 320 years before the Christian era, the first writer whose works have cpuie down to us by whom suerar is mentioned, and is called a sort of "honey extraction from cane or reeds," and tells us of the reeds in India tout yield honey without bees. The original habit of the sugar cane is not known, but it seems to have been first cultivated in the country extending from Cochin China to Bengal. Sugar reached the west from India at a comparatively late date. Strabo has an iriaccurated notice from Near hus of the "India honey bearing reed," and various classical writers of the first century of our era notice the sweet sap of the Indian reed or the granulated salt-like product whijh was imported frorr. India or from Arabia and Opone (these being entrepots of the Indian trade) and the name of saccharum and used in medicine, Under the Arabs the growth and manufacture of the can spread far and wide from. India to Suez Morocco and was also introduced into Sincily and Anduldsia. It was thought his source of revenue that Charles IV. obtained funds for his palace building at Madrid and Toledo.] At the invention of Mr. B. F. Dil- lingbam, a wealthy gentleman of Honolulu, and to whom the country owed much for the enterprising spirit displayed in building up tho eouutry at large, the writer visited the plantation of the Oahu railway and land company and to this gentleman, as well as the efficient superintendents of the cand rice plantations, he is under obligations to their hospitality Bind courtesy, enabling him to see the beauties of this, Eden spot in oi.r Hawaiian Italy. Winding through a region of rich lands, dotted here and there with lofty cocoanut trees waving their plumes gently in the breeza, magnificent royal palms, the bread fruit and Algeroba trees, which furnish inviting shade to tired travelers of well-fed kine, the Peat I river presents a view truly picturesqe as it wanders in and out among the trees and grassy banks, now tumbling over its rocny bed of rapids and again moving lazily along through the deep, dark shaded pools where sport the tinted mullet. A way in the distance, beyond the toot hills, are seen the purple mountains with their crested peaks which seem to pierce the azure dome, and the deep shadows of the dark canyons, which appear like black monsters standing near their base, the brilliant sunshine, the clear blue of the fky, the view of the sunlit slopes and dancing, glittering sea,_ while all through the valley vines, flowering shrubs, rippling streams, mystic retreats and chnrms beyond description. Pearl City is so situated as to be provided with the most ready means of transportation for passengers and freight, while rail and water will be used in direct competition, thus insuring for all times the most moderate rates. The coast division of tie Oahu railroad, leaving at Honolulu, traverses the foot of many a valley, passing directly through the heart of the most productive portion of the country and tapping nearly every place of importance. On the line of the railroad are various towns, all laid out upon the building of the railroad and all with great expectation* based upon the development of the surrounding region. Up to th« time of the completion of the railroad, this locality was devoted almost entirely to slock. I3nt under the managHmint and by the enterprise of one man, there have been plained thousands of acres of sugar, rice, bananas, etc., all of which promise an early and profitable maturity. This region hns sources of wealth in her fertile soil which promise to give that section a prominence second to no other portion of the islands. The improvement of inos^ interest to the country is the construction of a coaling and repair station at Pearl River harbor For this consrrttss has been asked to appropriate $700,000. Ignorant writers nave said that it was next to an impossibility to remove a portion of a coral reef extending across the entrance to the harbor and prevent its use by deep- draught war vessels. But such is not the fact. Recent investigations have shown that what was supposed to be an impenetrable coral i;reef is nothing hut n calcareous depoait of coral and mud and sand which can be easily removed and at very little expense. It was a very great satisfaction to tVie writer on visiting this magnificent prospect for a naval and coaling station to contemplate the immense advantage such a portion of the Pacific, and at this particular place, would give to the United States. If those who think adversely of the proposition could hut visit this harbor and see it as the writer did, each new vista more beautiful than the one before; the i<ir" balmy, perfumed with odors born on the gentle breeze from trees and wild flower? nf the forest; the sun shone out from a sky as blue as that of Italy, and occasionally a white cloud floated away from the mountain, and as it sailed across the mountain air reflected its slow or rapid movements in the glassy tide below; sea and shore, island, woods ai.d mountains, with a volumuepua aiid a fervid sun, formed a picture natural beauty and enchanting scenC that filled me with mexpressablp delight all objection would he immediately t dispelled and an amicable settlement arrived. Pearl River is as completely land-locked as is possible for such a body of water. 1 he main portion of the anchorage ground is shut in from the ocean by a peninsula which, as it were, lops over the entrance, so that it is impossible for the severest storm from the ocean to more than ruffle its surface. So situate is the harbor and its entrance that full rigged ships will be able after the removal of the coral reef to sail directly to their wharves in safety and without the intervention of tug or pilot. During storms,of the severest kind, vessels will lay at anchor with perfect safety. This and the completion of branch roads will give this locality great commercial importance and the de- velopement of the vast agricultural resources of the country. The land in this section is so valuable that it is all cultivated close up to the track of the railroad that traverses the valley and from which a splendid view can be had of the developement going on in every direction. Close by the railroad depot at the Honolulu terminus of tho railroad_ to Pearl Kiver is a wharf upon which is an immense wharfhouse with a storage capacity of 20,000 tons of sugar in bags. A large volume of business is here regarded as transacted. Ocean steamers of t the Australian, China, Japanese, Mexican and San Francisco lines call at the port of Honolulu, while six am schooners and sailing vessels also carry large amounts of freight. With the competition thus afforded, shippers are never at the mercy of unscrupulous transportation companies^ and the planter profits are not all eaten jigj in the payment of exhorbitant freigo^ charges. It is this fact which has played ~ no small part in the universal prosperity that prevails in this country. Until nearly three years ago, the growth of Pearl City had been very slow. The only means of communication wad by means of small schooners and steam launches, owing to_the shallow entrance of the bur preventing anything but necessary travel. This pnrb of the island has many points of attraction for the tourist, out the choice between a tiresome carriage ride on what was then a poor un- graded road or an equally uncomfortable sea trip by small craft presented so many points of objection that growth waa slow. After the ad vent of tho Oahu railroad in 1890, however, all this wus changed, new people came, enterprise of all kinds was fostered and Pearl City, in common with the rest of the island, whores a rapid aad substantial growth. One who had not kept tract of the march of progress would have difficulty in lecognmng tne Pearl City of today by comparison with the town of four or five years ago. Then a dense thicket of mimosa aad other growth covered this region, and it, required more than ordinary enterprise for the pioneer settler to undertake to clear and prepare the land for cultivation. The task was a tedious one but the hardy toiler naver faltered and to say that they have a valley under the highest cultivation is no more more than the simplest truth, and one which has no superior and few, if any, equals in the world. The town of today has spread on eve_ry- side, and lands once devoted to farming.! purposes are now included within the city and will soon be covered with handsomo residences and other improvements. What will be one of the most attractive features of the town, particularly from the standpoint of the tourist, is abroad driveway which extends from Pearl river to the seashore. On either side the lands have b en divided into tracts which are ';, the highest stage of cultivation. The avenue will be bordered with shade trees, and a more charming drive cannot be imagined. There is a constant succession of charming homes on either side, interspersed with fruitful orchards and flower gardens re- splendenb with a wealth of blcom throughout the twelve months. The avenue, it is needless to say, when completed, will be one of the attractions of Pearl City which all loyal Hawaians will swear by. It is, by the way, a portion of the highway leading to Pearl Harbor, and forms a most appropriate introduction to the beautiful scenery and salubrious climate of that attractive locality. It is, indeed, a privilege to be foremost in the van of those who claim a hand in the upbuilding of a land so fair. To have spurred by William's side upon tho blood dyed sands ot Hastings gave to England's sons their proudest patent of nobility. But to subdue the wilderness, to substitute a green pasture for brush, to supplant the obnoxious mimosa by the richest tropical fruit, and to erect _ an alhvr for one's household gods in a region where never yet was heard the noise of happy children or loving mother or tender maiden—this is an act more noble and of more ensuring ; 0 'ood than the deeds for which Europe's haughtiest lords received their patent of nobility. Nothing less glorious is the destiny of tho people of this young country, and, in my mind's eye, 1 can look forward to the time when, alter a career of unexampled splendor and prosperity, the people of that country will vie with one another in perpetuating in bronze and marble the memory of the brave men led by Cook to this march of supremacy. The laggard and pessimist will then be unknown and forgotten, while the men who builded the cities, run the railroads and covered the lands with golden harvests will live in the memory of a grateful posterity. WIRIC SMXICR THAN HAIK. Tlio Diamond I'latoit Through Which it in Drawn Miulubya Woman. We are at work just now on some pretty small wire. It is 1-5000 of aa inuh in diameter—finer than the hair on your head, a great deal. Ordinary tine wire is drawn through steel plates, but that wouldn't do for this work, because if the holes wore away ever so little it would make the w_ire larger, and that would spoil the job. Instead, it is drawn through what is practically a hole in a diamond, to which there is,- of course, no wear. These diamond plates are made by a woman in New York, who has a monopoly of tho art in this country. The wire is then run through machinery, which winds it t-pirally with a layer of silk. thread that is .0015 of an inch in thickness even finer than the wire you see. This wire is used in making the receiving instruments of ocean cables, the galvanometers used in testing cable, ai'd measuring insualtion of covered wires. Only three persons were killed by electric litrht plants in Massachusetts last year. 'Eleven persons lost their lives by/ not turning off the gas. Now, if we knewf how mpny persons were killed by'; kerosene explosions and how many died from sunstroke ive could, readily judge;, what kind of light is the most hazardous. \ . \ \

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