The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 29, 1891 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 29, 1891
Page 3
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ENTS WHO MISS THE TRAIN. THE UPPER BES MOlNES. ALGONA, JCTK A, WEP3S£SpAY v APRIL 29,1891. i loaf afcran' the deepo jest to see the pnllman scoot, Ho see th« people scamper w'eh they hear the engine toot; i r i-.-,. > what mattes the most impression on my som- * iff- .«••• w'at active brain, ) careless agents who get there jest in time to miss the train. the grand trnnk railroad of success, it runs -. through every clime, f But the cars o£ opportunity they go on schedule I time. \ An' never are their brakes reversed; they won't buck np again To take agents who got I horo jest in time to miss the train. Ah 1 there is many deopos an' flag-s'.ations 'Ith- out name, Along the grand trunk railroad that leads to weiiltn and thine. Agents riieh to llii-st 1 depooe as fast as they can fly, AS the trma of opportunity jest goes a-thundeflng by. They rush down to the station with their hair all • stood on end. As the platform oE the tail-end car goes whirlin' roan' the bend; Some ngents groan an' cry aloud, an' some conceal their pain, Wen they find that they have got there jest in time to miss the train. MUS. GBAY. Ten years ago, in a certain good-sized town in Pennsylvania, there lived a family whom 1 will call Mitchell. The family consisted of husband, wife, and two children, the latter being a boy about 5 and a girl about 7. Mitchell was a private banker, known to bo honest, respectable, and worth a clear 8100,000. I knew littlo or nothing about tire family until certain incidents "occurred. One day his wife was fatally injured in a railroad collision at a point'fifty miles from home. When he reached her in response to a telegram sent by a stranger, he found that she had been removed to a hotel, and was being tenderly cdred for by a woman who gave her nanie as Mrs. A. B. Gray, of Philadelphia. 'She was on the train, but suffered no injury. • Mrs. Gray, as I might as well tell you ( ;iiow, was petite, good looking, a good ii'talker, and in a general way, captivating. The fact of hnr taking charge of Mrs. Mitchell as she had clone proved her tender heart. She told Mr. Mitchell that she had been a widow eighteen months, and was practically alone in the world, and though, he was burdened with grief and anxiety, ho ditt not forget to thank her for her great kindness and take her address. He would have offered her money for her services, but lib saw that she was a lady who would feel hurt by any such action. She resumed her journey, and he took his wife home to die of her injuries. It was three weeks after her death that 1 caine into the case. After everything was over the husband suddeuly discovered that his dead wife's jewelry was missing. She had with her, when the accident took plsice, about a thousand dollars worth of diamonds. The> had disappeared and when ho had come to run over events in his inind he could not remember thab they had come home with her. Mrs. Gray had turned over to him Mrs. Mitchell's purse and a few other things, but a pair of diamond ear drops, two rings, and a pin were missing. I was employed to proceed to the sceno of the late accident and seek to trace tho jewelry. The collision had occurred right at the depot in a small town. People about the depot and at the hotel as- su'-ed me that Mrs. Mitchell had her jewelry on when taken to the hotel. Tne landlord's wife was positive and. the doctor who was called in was positive and when I had worked the case out 1 returned tome to report to Mitchell ..that nobody but Mrs. Gray,couldjhave[takea the jewelry. He was astonished and indignant, and not only vigorously repudiated the implication, but discharged me from the case with the assertion that J. was a novice in the profession. No other detective, working without bias, could havo come to any other conclusion than I did and, feeling sure of the fact, f. was nob so much put out over his action. I have found in m'i^ong experience that mosh people who ( jiloy a detective on a blind case, expect m to think as jhoy do, and to follow up neories formed in advanue of his employment. 1 went aboub other business, and it was about four months before I saw Mitchell again. Then he sent for ine in an official capacity again. No reference was made to my previous work, but fresher and other troubles had come to him. A month after the death of his wife he had opened correspondence with Mrs. Gray, and the result was that she had come on to take charge of his house. He was without relative. 1 !, or, at least without those who could aid in his situation, and she claimed to be free in his movements. You will suspect, just as I did, that she had captivated him, but she fought shy of any acknowledgment of the sort. She^' was in his house to care for his children and to manage domestic matters and that was no one's business but their own. I haven't told you ab8ut tho bank. It was situated just a squire from his house and exactly in the rear of it. The house fronted on one street and the bank on another, and there was no alloy between. Indeed the rear yard of the house led to the .rear door of the bank, and Mitchell used to come and go through the yard. In rear of the banking rooms, divided off by the usual railing, were tho private office and the vault. A '. burglar alarm was connected with the front doors and windows, but none with the back. A large and savage dog guarded the rear, having a kennel close to the door. What the banker wanted to see me about was this. He had not only missed money from his wallet at right, but on two occasions considerable sums of money had been takf n from a small safe which stood in his office outside the vault. One of the mysteries was in the taking of the money. He employed a teller and bookkeeper, neither of whom had a key to safe or vault unless it was a duplicate made without his knowledge. Neither had the words of the combination of the vault, and it seemed impossible' they had taken the money if so inclined. Both were perfectly honest as far as anyone knew, and Mitchell was all tangled up over the mys- stery. He hadn't'talked with me five minutes when I would have taken my oath that Mrs. Gray was the guilty part'y, but of course I didn't drop a hint of my suspicions to him. WliPn it came to my turn to ask questions I found out that he was a very sound sleeper; that he occupied a front bedroom with his son; and that Mrs. Gray and the girl occupied one in the rear of his; with an entrance to both from a hall; that tho keys to the bank and vault were always kept under his pillow at 'night. In addition Mrs. Gr.iy had won tho hearts of the children, if not his own, and it was only by tho strongest argument that she had ueen inducad to accept a salary of §10 a week while oecuyincr her position. It was as plain as daylight jo me that Mitchell meant to marry her in due course of time, but it wasn't at all plain as to whut sort of ti scheme she was working. . I took the case, told Mitchell I had a theory, and then began to study Mrs. Gray. I found her to be a sweet and innocent-looking woman, seemingly devoted to the children, and had I not been a detective and a married man I might have fallen 'n love with her. It was in summer and she was out a great deal; and I was on hand to follow her. She was shy, E rndent, and apparently all right, and I ad put in nearly a month on the case and made no discovery when the outside safe was robbed again. A deposit and some bondsjthat.had ccme in at the last moment had been placed there for the rest of the night. The whole thing amounted to about §90U, and bonds and greenbacks were missing next morning. The safe had not been opened with a key, but the bank had been entered by unlocking the rear door. No one could have entered by the front without sounding an alarm. &Q stranger could have entered by the back on account of the dog, who was wide awake and all right. Whon Mitchell sent for me to _ give me the news I was perfectly satisfied that Mrs. Gray was the guilty party. I believed that she had the nerve to enter his room at night, secure the keys and then slip through the back yard and enter the bank and open the safe. When 1 learned that the dog was a great favorite of hers this belief was a certainty. 1 couldn't for reasons already given, say a word to Mitchell about this. He wanted to suspect his two employes, but when ho had canvassed the matter he could see that it was altogether unlikely that either" of them were guilty. Indeed he was alone in the bank when'the bonds and money came _ in, and he alone knew where the deposit was placed. What did I do? I turned to Mrs. Gray again, and in about a week something happened to prove that 1 was on the right track. One of tho street car lines of the town ran down to the depot. It was Mrs. Gray's habit of an afternoon to ride on this line with the little girl (is far down as a certain park, and to sit near the fountain and read_ while the girl romped about with other children. I had closly watched her while in this park, but no one had ever come near her, and her_ demeanor had been pfarfection. On tho third afternoon after the robbery she had occupied her usual seat for an hour without anything happening. I sat on a bench in the rear of her about thirty feet away, and by and by I noticed she was writing a note with a pencil. She did it so deftly that one sitting in front of her could not have told what she was at. Beside her was a large shado tree, and as near as I could make out she disposed of the note, when folded up, somewhere about the tree. When she left I followed bar a shorb distance, and looking back 1 saw a young and well- dressed man occupying the place vacated by her. About an hour later when I could examine the tree, I found a hollow in the trunk just about on a line with her shoulder as she sat on the bench. One not looking for it would have sat there fifty times and discover nothing. My theory was that she had an accom- plice—tho young man whom 1 had seen. The hollow in the tree was their post- office. Next day I was at the park half an hour before her usual time, and behold the young man was occupying that bench. As she appeared he got up and took a seat a hundred feet away, and by watching closely I saw her take a note from the tree. Before leaving she wrote and "posted" one in reply, and after she had gone I saw him get it. I was now certain that I was on the right trail, and I went to Michell to secure some particulars I wished to know. I told him I had a clue, but would not reveal which way it led. I learned from him that the combination of the vault door had four numbers, and he alone knew it, It • had been changed about a month after Mrs. Gray's arrival, and he hesitatingly admitted that tne word was "Aime," which was her Christian name. He would not however ad-nit that this fact was known to her. For two weeks after securing this information 1 hardly got sight of Mrs, Gray. For BOU.O reason she remained very closely at home. I found out from Mitchell in a roundabout, wuy that the money needed to pay the aien at a coal mine and also at a largo factory was deposited with him on the 14th of every month. U was simplypassed into him to be locked in the vault over night as it came up from Pittsburg by messenger. I reasoned that Mrs. (jray would,worm this information out of him in some way, or that her accomplice would discover it, and if she had the combination of the vault she would make her strike on the n g'ito!:'tl;e 14 h. On tha 12 h day of Aug. ust she exchanged notes at the park, also on the 13th. On this latter date I shadowed the young man for three hours and became satisfied that he was from Pittsburg, and a "slick "un." Amoiig the things he did was to go to the depot and inquire about various night trains, and particularly one which passed over the road half an hour after midnipht. I promised Mitchell that the climax would soon be reached, and then staked my all on what might happen on the night of the 14th. At 8 o'clock on that evening I threw a piece of "dosed" meat to his dog from a neighboring yard, and at 10 I softly climbed the fence to find the canine in lus kennel, and sick enough to stay there. I lay clown within ten feet of him, hidden behind a bush, and it was an hour and a half before anything happened. Everybody in the neighborhood was in bed and asleep by that time, and I was not greatly surprised when a female figure which I knew to be that of Mrs. Gray, suddenly appeared and passed me five feet away, going toward the bank. She stopped at the kennel to speak to the dog, and then opened the rear door and entered. I did not move from my hiding place until she reappeared, about [twenty minutes later. She carefully locked the bank and as she passed me on her way to the house I followed quickly behind. The keys she laid on the back steps, softl, opened the side gate, and 1 let her reach the street before I brought the climax. She was only out of! the gate when she was joined by a man, but when 1 rushed to seize them, he got the alarm and was off before I could grab him. I got her, however, and she had a bundle under her arm, which 1 took charge of—a bundle containing about §19,000 in greenbacks. What a nervy woman she was! She just simply laughe'd a bit as I led her up the steps and rang the bell to arouse Mitchell, and when I had told him all, and had the money and his keys to prove it, she just looked up at him with a smile and asked; "Well, what of it?" The "what of it I 1 " was a- corker. Mitchell couldn't let the people know that his bank could bo so easily robbed, and ho couldn't let society know that he had been duped by an adventuress, and after a consultation he actually gave that little adventuress §200 in cash to clear out. She went, and as I left her at the depot she .said: "Give the old man my love when you get back to the house, and ask him if he never heard of Tony Weller's ad- vire." or A SOLDIER. A Man With Pplltted Hands Is Seen, Then Slowly IMsnpppnvs. A Lexington, Ky., correspondent of the Cincinnati Commercial-Gazette writes: "An old substantial brick residence, located on one of the principal thoroughfares of Lexington has been considered a haunted house ever since the war. Old citizens claim that during the war a wounded Union soldier, who had met his fate in the battle of Richmond, Ky.. and who was being taken care of by the family that then lived in the house, was brutally murdered by a southern sympathizer in the cellar of the residence. Ever since then, so the story goes, there have been uncanny doings and mysterious noises seen and heard in this old mansion at regular intervals of six months apart. At these times, when tho families occupying the house, would be at supper, lights left in the upper part of the house would bo extinguished, an sounds very much like the groans of a person in agony could bo distinctly heard. No one saw anything other than this until a few evenings ago. The family that had been occupying the house for the last three months, and who did not know of the supposed existence of this peculiar ghostship. were sitting at their table eating supper at about 6.45 o'clock. The parlor had been lighted up as i there was some young company visiting the house, and the lamp wa? brightly burning in tho living-loom. The servant girl had occassion to go into the parlor and living-room during the progress o* the meal, and when she returned, she exclaimed: 'Miss Sallie. who dun blodo out, dem lights in yor room an' in de parlci?' Miss Sallie did not know of course, and before the astonished household could recover from their surprise, deep groans were heard as if coming from the living- room, which was separated from tho dining room by folding doors. The groans grew louder and more agonizing in their tones, until suddenly the folding doors opened backward, and in tho centre of the threshold the now thoroughly frightened family and friends beheld a sight which is usually supposed to freeze the blood with terror. There stood the form of a man with his hands uplifted, and he seemed enveloped in a white gauze, through which could be seen a bloody and apparently bleeding breast. The apparition only remained in sight of the terror- stricken people but a few seconds, and slowly disappeared in the gloom of the darkened room behind it. Tho supper was left unfinished, and there was no sleep in the house that night. Tho next morning the head of the household notified his business partners that ho would not be at the office thab day, and before night he had secured another house, into which he moved his family the next day. This story was given to our correspondent by a neighbor and a friend to tho family, who is a thoroughly reliable man, and says that every word of the above story is true." TUB FETISH-MAN AT IIOMT5. He Is Very Select, Anil Spends Much of Hi« Time Among HlH CIiarniH. Century. Established in reputation, tho efforts of the fetish-man aro next directed towards the acquirement of a demeanor calculated to impress his clients with a sense of awe; he aims at assuming an appearance at once grave and mysterious; he roldoni speaks unless professionally, and then always in a gruff, husky tone. He cultivates a meditative look, and seems as if he were the victim of great mental anxiety. At homo ho keeps himself very select, and occupies his time principally among his charms. There is generally some sign of his calling just outside his hut, taking the form, as a rule, of an oathern vessel, out of the neck of which sprout long feathers -- tho pot being colored with red, white, and yellow chalks, and tho orange-like tint derived from chewed betel-nut, the expectoration of which substance is supposed to have a very pacifying influence upon the spiritual evil-doer. Sometimes the fetish-man's gesticulations will be directed to a cnrved image or some exaggerated form of charm. Suspended from the rafters in tho interior of his hut are little parcels of mystic character, smoked grimy by the constant fires these people maintain in their dwellings. And outside, over the door, tne same mysterious character of ornamentation proclaims to all tho occupant's pretensions to sorcery. JN TAL ST1USET SCENES. FARM AND- GARDEN. Many Novel and Fascinating .Sceues Are Witnessed. Everybody has _heard about the dogs and donkeys of Oriental cities, how the dogs roam about without owners, and bow the donkeys bear patiently their many burdens and get only scanty thanks in return. But all eastern states abound in novel and fascinating sights— bright gowns, tiny shops, veiled women wearing wooden sandals, giant cam r L swaying along with rude bells tingling. From tho first the energetic peddlers are con- spicious. If the traveler approaches the Levant by way of Constantinople; he plunges at once into their favorite haunts, The first night in this great, historic city will not be forgotten, for, the howling of hungry street-dogs is hardly silenced before coming of daylight brings out a multitude of those noisy venders, and then sleep is out of the question. One would think they were trying to arouse the people in the next street to have them all ready for making purchases. Some are shouting in Turkish and some in Uret-k, advertising the excellence uf the good things that they have in the high baskets on their backs or on diminutive mouse-colored donkeys. We look down from the hotel window and watch them as they pass along or stop for bargaining. There are loads of tempting white grapes, rc-'^y peaches, and a profusion of fresh vegetables evidently just in from the gardens along the Bospuorus, or those bordering the Sweet Waters beyond the Golden Horn. In all the towns along the Asia Minor coast these scenes are repeated, with peihups a trifle less noise. At Smyrna, in early autumn, the mina swarms with sellers ot the luscious sugar- melons, and a littlo earlier- 1 nil the por'.s of the Greek Archipelago echo with "Sweet, fresh figs!" "HOW FAU IT IS UAM.KD TO THK WHAVE." "How f:ir Is il culled to MIP craveS" Tlie boy looked np frnm hi* pUy-- "Tho grave?" 1 have not lii'nnl nf I ho grave j It miist bo farnwny. "Often the sailors have told me Of lands where the palm-trees wave. Of lands of beauty and wonder; Tint they npverspnko of tlio grave." Naught he knew of the silent grave. Naught he knew but his play and prayer. Yet his life's travel was nearly o'er, Ills litlle feet jnst there. "How far Is It called to Ilio grave?" The lover looked np with a smile"Ah I from the golden eyes of love It must be many n mile. "Our roiid lies yet In the sunshine, Through songsnnil throush scented May: Par, far off Is HIP silent grave, And Its shadows cold and gray'" lie could not see that his darling, With the brldo llower In her hair, And the weddlne token on her hand, \Vas almost, utmost (here. "How far Is it called to the grave?" The mother turned with n tenr; White grew the ruses in her rheek, Her heart flood still with fear. 'IIo\v-f«rJ" Tis close to Iho hearth stone. Alas for the baby feet — The little liiii-o fi'ut that all miloil Haste there with the>tcps M> lleotl- "Ami alas for the agi'd footsteps And those that have gone astray! And alas for the broken hearted They find It far nway. "Yet the longest journey liavo their end And the darkest shadows Hep, And iiver their dreariest rivers Kind their way into thn sea." How far Is It called to the (jrave? it. Is only a life, dear frit-nil; Anil the liinge>l life is shnrt at Ins! When Heaven Is at Ihn end. "I'd have you know I was well brought up!" exclaimed the small man to the larger disputant. "That maybe,"' replied the latter, "but you were not brought far." Little Edith: "Mamma, what's a poorhouse ?" Mamtna: "A poorhouse, Edith, is an imaginary place of papa's, where he intends residing next week," days you may give them all they will oat, but yon will pet growth as w«;ll as fat, and'more lean meat, if you koep np tho barn-slop nft* il they are ready for market, 1 bcliovc in feeding throe time* a day just what they will pat, clean, and so they will always come with n ttood appotide for the npxt meal, rathpr than keep food by them all the timo, »s some do. 1 have for .nany years fattened my own meat, from spring pigs fed in this w«y, and think F have a iirfter quality of pork than would be possible for me to buy. THK ItOl'SKIIOM). Trim the broken ragged roots of trees as well as tho top. Plant, fruit trees and vine?; they will grow while you are sleeping. A mixture of bono dust and ashes makes a good fertilizer for strawberries. Beans will not stand tho cold; peas will. Got in peas earlier and beans Later. Feed fowls systematically, two or three times a day, summer and winter. Kr.ep an eye on the pullets and'mark the best layers. You will want them for breeders next year. Insects do not like wood ashes. Use tho ashes for tho trees and vines. If you have no ashes buy some. Ashes eo'ita'in both limn and potash. Try a soiling crop of some kind. It will be found of great assistance in feeding cattle and hogs. Pens and oats make ah excellent crop for an early supply. Thinning Fruit. The thinning of frnit on the tree is not only valuable because it results in producing better specimens and more valuable fruit, but as well for the snko of the health of tho Iron. A tree loaded with too much fruit is overtaxed, and very often a feeble growth is tho result; ia a few years the tree gets sickly, and premature decay follows, for the vitality of the tree has been sapped by one year's overbearing. Planting TI-KOH. Joseph Barnard, who is over 70 years old, says if Ii3 wnv ; r . young man ho would geb a good inn pie orchard, and also one of chestnuts, and if he had suitable land ho would set a grove of walnut trees. If young men would take advice from those who had experience they, might often do a little work that would count much after waiting half a generation. Someone always gets the benefit of those improvements and thin world is so much attractive to somebody. The Sliall'er Itimpborry. A. 1)., of Indianapolis, Jnd., writes: About 10 years ago I saw an advertisement saying that the Shaffer raspberry was the largest in the world. A few plants were sent for to see what this great berry was like and from the first it ha« not only been a novelty, but a success, and for homo market it has the faculty ,' of drivirg out. almost every sort. It is a tip-rooting red raspberry—the largest, best and most productive I know of, Previous to getting the Shaffer, the Turner was the only red sort we could grow, now it is kept only on account of its early berries. Piffs for Profit. The most successful poultry raiser I ever knew, a woman whose sales of poultry and eggs reached 83,000 a year, laid down as a rule, never to be deviated from, to push all stock so as to make tho growth as rapid as possible, and sell just as soon as marketable. A man who has for several years grown 150 pigs yearly, and sold them at six months old, says no farmer can afford to feed a pig longer than this. I have attained a weight of 200 pounds at this age, and found the cost per pound much less than when I fed longer, and made a weight of 800 pounds or more, and risk of loss from disease is very much less than older hogs. If pigs are sold at this age the spring litters need not bo dropped till cold weather is over, say April 1, and will be marketed before winter weather sets in, so that no feed will be wasted in maintaining vital heat. The fall litters can be dropped in time to get a good si art be-fore cold woatl er sets in, and in a good hog house can be kept thrifty all winter and sold in early spring. I find it profitable to keep the fall litters till a month or more older than the spring litters, so as to finish them off for market after tho cold weather is over. I find it profitable to raise two litters a year, for mature sows givn the largest and most vigorous pigs, and tho cost of keaping a full-grown sow is large, and the second litter will aJd to the profit. To make pis-growing profitable they must bo pushed from the s-tart, and at tho same time good judgment must be exercised in feeding. Milk is tho best and corn is tho worst feed for pigs during tho firsu three months when they are forming bone and muscle. Yot I can make a good thrifty pig with milk, and can raise fairly good pigs with corn as the main food. Wext to milk I prefer bran, oats and oil- mea.1, and can make a fairly good palat able slop from these, and push a rapid growth. TUB first thing to be done is to get tho pit-'s to paling before they are weaned, su tiiat their growth will not bo checked when taken from the mother. Until four months old the growth of frame should be pushed as much as possible, but do not attempt to fatten thein, und for this reason the less corn they eat the bettor. At four months old begin to feed corn, moderately at first, bat in ten Remember the world has no use for gloomy people. Tho first effect of a blessing on a man is to makohim moio thankful. There are patents who work for their children too much and talk to them too little. If I can put ono touch of a rosy sunset icto the life of any man or woman, I shall feel that 1 have worked with God.--George MacDonald. They shall be abundantly satisfied with tho fatness of thy house; and Jlioti shalt make them drink of tho river of thy pleasures; for with thpo is the- fountain of life.— Psa, xxxvi, 8, '.). When you have got to tho lowest depths of your heart, you will find that it is art the mere desire of happine.-s, but a craving as natural to us as the desire for food —the craving for nobler, higher life.— Robertson. Let us make our crown nobler with brighter jowols as wo work now in Ibis majestic parenthesis of the history between thejbirlh of Christ and his glorious coming in the future. Oarlylo noted in Oi>o of his letters to Emerson that light is a thousand times stronger than lightning. A truth bearing mi nn.ibgy to this is that enlm ami nor- sistont effort is more potent, than violent action; that evolution is wiser than revolution. Hoynt Selected. Treat ir.othor as politely as if she were a strange lady. Bo IIH kind and heluful to your sisters as other boys' sisters. Don't grumble, or rcfuso to do somo errand which must bo done, and which otherwise takes the time of some ono who has more to do. Have your mother and sisters for your best friends. Find some amusement for the evening that all tho family can join in, largo and small. Be a gentleman at homo. Cultivate a cheerful temper. If you do anything wrong, laid)your mother into your confidence. Never Ho about anything you have done. Charity. The best charity is not that, which gjvos alms, whether sooretly or with ostentation. Tho best charity is Unit which workefh on evil, that prompts us to speak well of our neighbors. Wo arc ashamed to confess that our quickest instincts arc to think ill of others or to magnify tho ill of which we hear. There is a universal shvuirging of shoulders, as much as to say, "VVcll, I expected ns much; it is just like him; 1 had my suspicions; 1 could a talo unfold," and thus on through an mullets chapter, with which every reader will bo somewaat familiar from his or her own experience. Now, one who says, "I could a talo unfold'" yet holu's it back, leaving Iho hearer infer any and every evil, stabs character with the meanest, deadliest blow. Yet who is there who carries not the ever- ready weapon-—this poisoned dagger. The charity that gives to help and not to humiliate, is good but charily that makes us think no evil is better. VAtll YTIONS OF t,ATITU»E. Som« to tVhlch Cnnto of tho i lh* Tlio CrosH Mollior. At no time in her busy days is an Intel- igent mother so apt to fold her arms and close her eyes of maternal justice sis when she is cross—simply and undoubtedly TOSS. Tho crossness is chiefly caused by fatigue—weariness of mind and body and sometimes of soul; With tired nerves and weary body she cannot en Jure the common demands made upon hor and ill temper follows. She sows bitter fool ings arid repeals loving attentions with the irritable hasty words. Broadly speaking, no mother bus any right to got so tirod. She cannot affort it. Jb takes too much out of her life, and too much out of her children's life. Lot a mother find out what makes her cross, and then let her avoid tho cause if possible. If social pleasures weary her, let them bo decidedly lessened. If. there is too much sewing, too much cooking, or too many housi-.liold cares, lesson them. If economical efforts cause tho severe strain, stop economizing at suchj a cost. That is tin) worst of wiistes. Lot tho first economy bo for that precious commodity, a mother's strength. Even Iho extent of one's religious and philanthropic work should bo carefully examined, and if the trouble lies there, calmly and wisely dismiss somo or all of it from tho list of duties, for "What doth it profit a man if ho gain the whole world and lose his own soul?" 11 is surprising how easily scorning interests or needs can bo spared without injury to the homo life whenever the thoughtful woman seeks to find them, and suroly ono of tho worst of household influences is mother's crossness. AVOU'J'II KNOWING. Buttermilk will take out mildew stains. Clean zinc with soap suds, and polish with kerosene, After peeling onions, rub eeh-ry on your hands and the odor will bo removed. A teaspoonful of pulverized alum added to stovo polish will give the stovo a fine lustre. Add a little kerosene to tho water, in which varnished wood work or polished floors arc washed, il will greatly improve their looks. To make flannels keep their color and not shrink, put them in a pail and pour cold suds with a little borax or ammonia in it arid let stand ten or twelve hours, then wash with same suds and rinse in cold water. A piano dealer s'-iys that turpentine and sweet oil, half and half, is a proper preparation to use in brightening and cleansing a piano. Apply with a sott rag and polish with chamois skin. Every family should have a preparation of fliixseed oil, chalk and vinegar, about tho consistency of thick paint, constantly on hand lor I/urns and scalds. Tne best application in eases of; burns and scalds is a n.ixturo of one part of carbolic acid to 8 parts of olivo oil. Lint or linen rags are to lie saturated in the lotion, and spread smoothly over Iho burned part, which should then bo covered with oil silk or gutta percLa tissue to exclude the air. Some very interesting questions hare bi-i-n raised by the results of observations recently made in Germany on the variability of terrestrial latitudes, says the New York Sun. It has been shown that the latitudes of Berlin, Potsdam and Prngue diminished to the extent of half n second of arc from August, 188!), to February, 18iK), and that tho latitude of Berlin increased four-tenths of a second from April to August, 1890. It will be observed that tho whole extent of the variation amounts to one second of an arc, and that the phenomenon! is periodical, the latitude increasing from winter to summer and decreasing from summer to winter. Siated in another form, Urn variation is just tho same as if Berlin were about one hundred feet nearer tho north pole in summer than in winter. Observations made in other countries, somo of them as long as thirty or forty years mro, have given similar results, so that then 1 appears to bo no doubt respecting this singular variation of latitude. The explanation that naturally occurs in that tho earth's axis moves slightly under tho influence of some disturbinij cause. Among such causes that sire possible is tho transfi'reni'o <>f large quantitios of water or of air from cue part of tho earth's stir- faco to another. If tho southern oceans wore deepened at tho expense of those of Iho northern hemisphere, tho axis of tho earth would bo shitted a littlo in consequence; and if the air should How from one hemisphere to the other so as to produce a great inequality in the distribution of atmospheric pros- sure, a slight change might bo noted in tho position of tlio axis. In truth, tho delic.icy with which tho groat orbs of tho solar system are poised is ono of tho most, wonderful and interesting things about them. Tho earth is compelled by many disturbing influences to deviate now this way and now that from the oven course of its elliptical orbit. Tho moon pulls it, gently with over constant _forcH, and it obeys tho slightest solicitation of its satellite; Venus and tho great Jupiter, and all the planets, great and small, have full license to hasten and to dolay it on its way, to roll it, and turn it as much as thoy can while it floats along; and in every ono it smoothly yields obedience, repaying their attentions in kind. But these aro all disturbances from without, while the suggested movement of tho axis, owing to displacement of the fields on tho surface of the globe, must, of course, have its origin in tho arlh itself. I'Yom this sort of dis- lurbanco it suffers but, s'ighlly, if at all. It has been suggested that the geological evidence of that former existence of tropical forms of life in tho polar regions could easily bo explained by supposing that a grout, alteration had taken plnco in the position of the earth's axis; but against this supposition luis always been arrayed llto well known tendency of a body turning around its own axis to pro- servo unchanged its plan of rotation. Similar changes, however, than that which would be necessary to account for tho geological paradox referred to, might readily occui , and, as wo have seen,' a very slight change would bo all that in nooded to fit in with tho observed alternation o£ latitude. It is quite possible, howevr, that an explanation of tho lutitudu observation can bo obtained without resorting to a movement of the terrestial axis. It has been suggested Hint a periodic variation in Iho refraction of tho atmosphere, resulting from thoeffecls of the allcrnation of seasons, inigh produce a suflicient shifting of tho apparent, places of tho stars to account for tho observed changes of latitude, without, any clrmye whatever having occurred in tho direction of the earth's axis. Another explanation offered n that changes in tho refraction of tho atmospheric ocean, from whoso bottom, wo survey tho heavens, miry well bo supposed to occur in consequence of the aerial tidea raised by the sun and tho moon, and that seasonal changes in those tides may produce tho regular alternation of: tho direction in tlio direction in which Iho i-tars aro upon which tho apparent shifting of lati- tudn depends. Whatever the true explanation may bo, I ho discovery of such imperceptible nno- l.ions as the apparent turning of a globe 25,000 miles in a circumference a few yards ono way or tho other, attests both Iho wonderful accuracy of inodnrn astronomical observations and tho man'olouB delicacy of tho yast machinery of tho universe. KltAIN' AVOHKKHS. Food unil Should IIitv<; riuntv of FlHll AlH. Tho intellectual worker wants plenty of lifdil, digofiUblo[food, such as fish, eggs, poultry, game, fruit and the succulent vegetables. Tlio proper diet fur all sedont- ars people in an early and entire supply of digcfitable food, i Deluding plenty of corals and fruit. A cup of f-omo warm .Irink should be taken just before rising, or as soon as it can bo prepared and positively no work should bo done until after orouktast. As the digeslhe organs aro most active early in the day, a second hearty but digestablu meal can bo eaten at noon, if an hours's rest intervenes before continued labor or exercise. This afternoon work should bo light, and part of tho time passed out of doors. A light_digest- ablo dinner may follow about nightfall, and tho oven ing to be devoted to recreation or social relaxation. When any night work is contemplated, food should bo taken again about midnight and again at dawn, whon tho vital forces fail— "Tlml HIII!, still hour Iji-foru thu dawn, \Vliun old mini dlu anil huliox art) burn." Special care should bo hike n lo insure plenty of pure air and light; strong meats and drinks should bo avoided, and abundance of milk used, with eggs, fruit and fresh vegetables >l n«) sill ads. Another Wlnu Dot;. Tho St. Albans -(Vt.) Messenger tells^ good do<< story. Tho owner of a dog in that town has a brother who is quite sick, livintr in the suburbs. During a recent dark and stormy night bo decided to hond his dog to tho brother's residence to learn his condition. A note of inquiry was written and giv?n to the dog, his master opening the front door and pointing in the diicction which the dog should take. The "mei-senger" trotted merrily away and in about ono hour and a half re- lumed and made hi.-i pre-ence known by baiking at the front door. Tho dog brought an answer in tho shape of a letter from the wife of the sick brother re- plj ing to the inquiry niadu, much to the gratification of the household receiving the news. Professional Estimate: A young mother asks her butcher to weigh her young baby. "With pleasure, madam!" After having cxauiiwd the scales: "Ah! Thirteen and a halt pounds, I inuduiu, with the bones,"

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