The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 29, 1891 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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Wednesday, April 29, 1891
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THE UPPER DBS MOlNfiS, ALGQNA IOWA WEDNESDAY, APRIL 29, 1891. IOWA, SEAWEED is now made into a tough paper, which takes the place of window glass. When colored thn effect is similar to stained or pninh d (flnss. AN artistic effort has been produced by Italia rubber panels or veneers, which are very beautiful in color and admit of easy cleaning with soap nnd water. CMTATT, the veteran reporter of the central criminal court in London, died not long age< In fifty years of service he had heard 90,000 cases tried, had seen 1,000 inen sentenced to death and had seen 300 murderer,* hanged. Dn. J. Eon, of Reading, Pa., who has of late been experimenting with shin grafting between white and black persons, has found that the transferred skin docs not maintain its original color, but gradually assumes that of the man of whom it has bo- come part and parcel, WOMEN in Germany who are compelled to work for a living are rejoicing ovor the passage of a bill in the reichstag which gives the... short hours of labor, ft was maintained that a woman could not, for physiological reasons, endure the strain imposed by long hours with any degree ol health. LATEST NEWS CONDENSED. GENERAL NOTES. AN ingenius device for measuring dis tances, and which likely be of interest architects nnd builders, is an invention of an English firm. It consists of a small ^revolving wheel which operates a spindle, tho revolutions being accurately registered by a dial counter. By running a distance whenl along a wall or other surface the recorder will show how many feet have been measured. There is practically no limit to the distance that by the little device. may bo determined Dn. JUMUS S. TAYLOII, a well-known geologist, died at Kankakee, III. GOLD has been discovered in the old channel of Swift river, in Maine/ TnmTKffiN Italian murderers and paupers were barred at New York Wednesday. B. T. Afcitv & Co., clothiers, at Boston, have assigned j debts, §110,000. A GKNEiiAii strike in the building trade hfis been ordered at New Orleans. About 2,000 men will be involved. THE Minnesota house of representative refused to pass the anti-tights bill which had been passed by the senate. THE strikers in the Pennsylvania coke regions will oppose with force their eviction from the coke companies' houses. Coi,. A, V. KAUTZ of tho eighth infantry has been promoted to be a brigadier- general. MAI/VEIIN HIM,, twelve miles below Richmond, Va., the scene of a famous battle of the late wnr, has been sold to William II. llaln, of New York. Gov. HOUTT has signed the bill appropriating 8100,000 for~Colonido's display at the world's fair. 0visit fifteen hundred Italians landed at New York on Monday. Two of them will bo sent back to Italy, as they are ex-convicts. THE deputies who attempted to evict the striking cokc-workes from the companies' houses at Scottdale, Pa., were fought bitterly and in many cases repulsed by the women. THE issue of standard silver dollars from the mints during the weak ended April 18, amounted to 8381,332. Shipments of fractional silver coin since the 1st inst. amounted to $362,309. A HIM, appropriating $50,000 for the state exhibit at the world's fair has passed both branches of the Minnesota legislature. powder, situated two and one-half' from the city of Rome, pxploded at 7 oVlock Thursday morning. The concussion demolished every building within two-thirds of ti mile of the explosion, and did much damage to buildings throughout the city, the_ cupola of the Italian government collapsing, and valuable windows in the Vatican being shattered. Five are known to have been killed and 120 injured have been taken to the different hosptals. FIRES AND CASUALTIES. J. PAUL, a Chicago salesman, jumped from a train at Milwaukee Monday and was killed. " , AT Cedar Creek, Texas, a hurricane dt- Grimes, injuring kil- his THE national geographic society will send out another party this summer"to explore Mt. St. Elias in Alaska, and in May the expedition will start under the command of Prof. Israel C. Russell of the geological survey, who conducted last year's explorations in the eamo region. Tho party will take passage from Seattle to Icy bay in tho revenue cutter, Corwin, and will roach their base in Alaska by the 1st of Juno. Prof. Russell expects to ascend Mt. St. Elms this time, and then to study the Malaspina glacier, which was scarcely more than rcconnoitered last summer. The Alaskan field it already recognized as highly important to science, and our geographers and geologists are doing well to study its formation and explore its unknown interior. I'liE remains of Mrs. E. W. Hal ford, WHO of President Harrison's private secretary were interred at Indiamipolis, Ind. IT is estimated at Boston that New Eng- nnd business men will lose $3,000,000 by tho failure of the Winner Investment company at Kansas City. Dii, SIIAIU-, of Stockton, III, who had expressed his approval of the lynching of tho Italians at New Orleans, has recieved letters signed by the "Mafia" threatening him with death. THIS New York states world's fair appropriation is to he raised to $250,000. AT the salo of Washington relics at Philadelphia n, draft of a "proclamation cost $4.10 nnd a coat worn at his first inauguration sold for $108. — -j MA YOU Tui/rxiiKUGEii, of Philadelphia, a trustee of the Hirsh fund, says he has molished the house ot John ling his wife and severely two chi dron. A I'pitTioN of the Shoreham Hotel at Washington collapsed, the guests narrowly escaping death. W. W. SIGI,EH was fatally scalded nnd Jake Went/ severely injured by the explosion ot a saw-mill boiler near Lima, 0 Friday. Finn at Little Rock, Ark., Sunday night destroyed Gus Glass & Co.'s building causing a loss of $400,000. ROSA SCHCBN, aged 4 years, was run over and instantly killed by a horse car on the corner of Third and Locast streets, Chicago. THE mill ot the Norwich Falls Cotton Manufacturing company at Norwich, Cb., burned Friday, loss, 8150,000; covered by insurance. FIUE at the furniture factory of Wull- weder & Co.. in Chicago, Wednesday did damage estimated ut nearly $100,000. Manly Seuiple, one of tho employes, was badly burnt. AT Shelbyville, Ind., Henry Altman's residence was partially demolished' by lightning Wednesday, and Mrs. Altman and her two children wera prostrated. FIVE men—four Americans and one Italian—were drowned in Laurel creek first. and Capt. Wherry, sixth become n WASHINGH-ON. REAR-ADMIRAL ALFRED TAYLOR of th United States Davy died Sunday in thi city. EX-SENATOR and secretary of stat Thomas F. Bayerd will retire from publi life and his Washington house is now fo sale. ________ _ WOOD UP. lie Not In too Much of a ttnrf y— You Nect liecuperuto. "You young people of to-day," said th Kruire, "can youhaveno idea of th difficulties and danger of travel fifty jear.s ago. 1 remember a journey I made ii 1835 from Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania to New Orleans. My chance of success in an important undertaking depended upon my reaching New Orleans before a certaii day. "It was then late in November. The cold was becoming intense. The Oh.o river was full of large blocks of floating ice, and there seemed.to be imminent dan ger that the channel would close ovei be fore we coula reach the Mississippi. If i should do so, there was no chance of my reaching New Orleans by land. Tracts o unbroken wi derness and storms inter- vented, and the storms were frequent and heavy. " 'Can we make us I stood beside it, captain?' I asked, the messenger, on the deck, watching the vessel laboriously plowing its way through the masses of ice. 'he If said. 'The we can cut near Addison, W. Va. They were crossing the swollen stream on a footlog, when it turned and all were precipitated into tho water. BY the falling of a wall in Cincinnati Saturday, Frank Glenn, age 18, and William tribson, a stonemason, were kill- others injured, but not "'I don't know, sir, channel is nearly closed, our way through to warm water "today "we are safe; but the ice is making fast. EVery minute counts.' "I was trembling with excitement. My future largely depended on the progress of the lumbering old boat. She seemed to me to creep, to crawl; finally she came to a stand still. "The wheel was deliberately reversed. Ihe boat quivered, ran .to. the shore, and The clerk SOAIE ono has explained for the benefit of a correspondent tho meaning of the word "Esquiro," Further testimony to tho decadence of this oiico important term is just to hiind in the oflicial instructions accompanying the forms for tho return of tho Englii.li census. Rule 10 requires persons following no calling but deriving their income from private sources to dis- cribe themselves u-s living on their own means. "Such indefinite terms," says the superintendent of the Census, " « BJ8 gen . tloman,''oFquire,'should not bo used." Evidently wo can no longer define what is indefinite, , heard nothing of the reported purchase of the land in Pennsylvania on which to found a Jewish c lony. WM. C. JACKSON has begun action at Trenton N. . J., for 83,000,000 against Robbert Garret and others for failure to carry out a contract for an ocean cable to bo operated in connection wit the Baltimore & Ohio telegraph. THE 700 members of tho Now York slono masons' protective union struck ed and thirteen seriously. TWO DAUGHTERS of Richard Kauffman, a farmer, and a married lady whose name cDuld not be learned, were drowned in tho Osage river near Nevada, Mo., Sunday, while out boating. Two men in the boat saved themselves, but could not save the ladies. this morning for the eight hour rule. The union is composed almost entirely of Italians, who lmve,ibeen receiving $3.50 for nine hours. They now demand'tho same wages for eight hours. Six hundred of tho thousand laboiers employed by McArthnr Brothers, tho contractors who are grading the world's fair silo in Jackson Park, quit work Monday I hoy demand an increase of 25 cents pur day in wages and an eight-hour day. FOREIGN. OBIME. Six pirates robbed the lighthousekeeper at North Head, Grand Marian, Me., Friday night. Wsi. MUSCOE, alias Wm. T. Jordan, the negro who murdered policeman Geo. F. Sealin, Dec. 31, 1888, was hanged in the jail yard at Charlottesville, Va., Tuesday. IT is now charged that Miss Ida Miles, daughter of the New York publisher, who was repartee to have committed suicide at Slmkoper, Minn., was really murdered;by Joe Cash, a Sioux Indian, who claims to be her husband. Bunoii,AU8 at Norwalk, Conn., set fire to a barn in the outskirts of the town Friday night to divert the attention of the police and robbed a jewelry store of $15,- stopped. _"1 leaped to the edge of the deck, piplet stood idle; the captain and joked leisurely together. 1 TTr,' W , hafc hns Opened?' I shouted. Why do you stop? I am ruined I you don't go on!" "We are wooding up,'calmly said the wheelman. 'Taking on fuel.' "The black deck-hands throwing the wood heap on the shore, ,.—.,-• motives with a slow malencholy chltt. "I grew wild with impatience. I counted each lost minute as a step toward aster. below were to the boat from a accompanying their ARE WE FORTIFIED? General 0. 0. Howard Discusses OUT Means of Resistence in Case of War. Strong 1 Forts With Modern Gnns Necessary for the Protection of Our Coast Cities. The Awful Force of the Heavy Projectiles Now iu Use in foreign Countries. Gen. 0. 0. Howard giving a few thoughts on the subject of coast defence says : Of course, there is very little prospect of war with Italy just now, yet thu rumors of war, and the h'rm stand that our statesmen take when any new complication arise, show us plainly that we ought to iave our lines of defense well nrranged^and in place. Tho fishery embroglio, the Uehring Sea controversy, 'the strides made jy the Slavs, Po es and other foreign people, who have been bred lo fight against all organized authority, tho dy.iamite anarchists of our cities, who abominate all good government— these and tho unreasonable attacks aimed 4against our army and navy, insisting that the army and lavy be abolished, must make all thought- ul men ask. en se ? What are our means of de- dis- The village or city has its police; the tate its militia; the court districts their marshal, their sheriffs and the posse omitati. But what defense has the na- ion which is called upon to meet and deal vith other nations on equal terms of dig- ity and sovereignly ? What are the ractical means of defense . on which the resident and his cabinet can rely? Certainly this is no time to reveal to a ation, apparently disposed to provoke a uarrni, our strpnirth or our weakness. ut it is a time for being reasonably pre- arecl at least for a defensive attitude. In report made to the war department five iars ago I said: "The prevalent state- ent that under all circumstances numbers f brave, true men are a sufficient defense to any true country is a palpable mistake. It is certainly inviting attack to present a rich and beautiful city to the greed of nations that assurdedly are not 000. !N a fight with Richard Williams and ONE likes to think of Mr. P. T. Barnum, whose death occurred recently, as something more than just "a showman," Of his career, in that aspect of it, opinions will differ. In his own state and town, however, Bridgeport, Conn., ho was known as a public-spirited citizen, of whom bolter things could bo said than that ho know how to entertain tho crowds that always gathered where his great tent was pitched. Wo read of him that "he was several times honored with positions in tho logislaturo of Connecticut and was mayor of IUB own city, in tho prosperity of which ho was a prominent factor;" also that ho was "an educator and a reformer, and a gentleman whoso private character won for him the respect of all classes." THIS suicidal race of opium smoking is making rapid progress and will continue to do KO until a few opium smugglers have been laid away in the coll shadows of penitentiaries for long terms. His curious that society, if really anxious to root out the evil, does not strike at the whole- Bale illecit importation of tho wretched drug, Sufficient inducement to do so ought to bo found in tho fact that among the two score prisoneru.lahen in tho opium dens of Chinatown, Now York, on a rue-out Sunday evening there were girls already wrecked, nurally uncl physically, by the pagan vice. It. is said that anarchists will inaugurate a gini'ral strike in Europe May 1, THE government of the Argentine republic is in bad straith financially and is on the verge of bankruptcy. THE natives of Bissao, an Island off the west coast of Africa, massacred 400 Portu- gueB3 si Idiers, B. it A. HOMAIMKM, parscu bankers and merchants of Bombay have failed with liabilities of nearly 82,500,00. JUSTICE STIUMIEN, recently re tired'from the queen's bench at London, and is to be knighted. AN expedition to punish the rebels of Portuguese Guinea will start at once from Angola. THE modus vivendi between Englni d and Portugal will expire soon by limitations, and it is feared that war 'may follow. THU Porti.guoso have fired upon the British steamer Agnes, conveying the Wil'•'"• expedition, and seized tho cargo _ his brother, drunken miners at Iron Rivor, Michigan., Marshall Terry wa-i shot through the body and Richard Williams' lest arm was shattered. AT Knoxville, Tenn., a crowd became disgusted with the circus performance arid tore the tent to pieces. Several perajns were injured aud the show driven out of town. ONE HUNDRED of the Scottdale, Pa., coke strikers attacked the deputy sheriffs in charge of ono of the mines Friday night. The strikers were compelled to retire, but one of tho deputies was fatally FIVE members of a gang of railroad thieves have been arrested in Pittsburp, Pa. They are said to have looted §100,000 worth of property within tho last three years. ANOEI.O GABOTII, an Italian, killed his mother-in-law, dangerously stabbed her husband, and was then killed himself by a son of the murdered woman, at Iloboken N. Y., Monday. IN a fight at atankark cn.np near Hock- '.The boat started again in a half hour but twice that night to 'wood up,' each time, as I thought, loosing ground hopelessly. But when morning came she steamed triumphantly out of the caking ice into the free water. We had passeif on our way two boats lying caught among the icy hemlock?. "They had not fuel enough to keep their engines going," said the captain. "They wouldn t stop at the last station—thought they could make it. In a run like this you have got to make haste slowly if you want to win." "I often thir.k of tl*e captain's saying, when 1 see ambitious young people starting on their run of life. They're too anxious, too eager. They are not williiif to stop to take on fuel. "When I see a lad growing thin and yellow over his books, making haste to win his honors at collegri or his degree in a profession, [ feel like saving to him 'Lay by! Play bull!—walk-sleep! You are burning up the fuel in your body; take on more. "Or when I see a middle aged man driving night and day at one idea—business or book-writing, or even preaching, —1 think, 'You're using up all your fuel. Stop. Go out among oilier men. Take in fresh ideas, fresh emotions—make haste yet wholly governed sideration." by benevolent con- And now wo see that other mo- of other nations slowly.' -Wood up, 1 or the motive power will die out. well, Tenn, six ten wounded. negroes were killed and THEUK parties Frederick Schwutkii will bo no lack of exploring in Alaska this summer. Lieut. . soon sail from the Pdcilr.-. coast for the terrilory. He intends to start at tho Yukon rivrr, or from one of its southeastern ullluenU, and travel as far as possible toward tho |J L .li r . ing liea ou tho west. The distance in an airline is about 500 miles, but, tho lieutenant expects to cover not loss than 1000 miles before reaching the sea. That he will successfully pom-lr te that urknown and unexplored region in the very heart of Alaska is doubtful; but if he does succeed in 'caching tho western coast line, the results of his trip will be of great import- mice to the atlas maker who now marks that portion of his map of Alaska as xplored." boats. EMi-iUiOH WILLIAM sent his brother-in- law, Duko Guntlier of Schleswig-llolslein, to thu guardhouse for going to a horse- race cor.tnuy to the imperial command. _ PuiNCK BISMAHCK will insist on his right to criticise thu emperor's policy, ro- giu-dlesa of consequences, THIS publisher the Paris Le National nowspapei has been sentenced by the semi tribunal to four months' imprison- r Umfc j l SlU 0 .P"y 820,000 damages and a him ot f400 tor printing a libel affecting ihu credit industriel. AT tho battlo fought Friday at Poxo do Almonte, Chili, tho the insurgents defeated _ government troops, tho lattter sustaining a loss of 1,700 killed and 1 000 wounded. GKN. FosTKulms arranged with C'onovas si Gastillo, the Spanish premier, the com- mill.^ , Umtt '' 1 un- d( terms of the treaty which permits meichil reciprocity between inehi'-liiig Cuba and thu 1 nK RUIN OK AUSTKIA" an annon- inous pliainphlet that has just appeared in Dri'sdi-ii, is ascribed to Bismarck. H declares that Germany's trusty policy is an alliance with Ilu.-sia and Italy. AN envoy was recently sent to the kin" of Gambia, in Southern Africa, from Uie liriti-h West African colony, warning him that, the depredations of his subjects on UIL> colonists mmt stop. The envoy was horribly mutilated and sent back with tlie message that "this is the king's an>> w or. A JEWISH lawyer at St. Petersburg i vr .!. w .. u ? ,'i '"enilju Vienna, that all tho FuimiNAND MEYEH, a seventeen-year- old Philadelphia boy, shot himself through tho heart because his mother would not buy him a new suit of clothes. AI,KXANDEHDENTON, n saloonkeeper at Napoleon, Mo., killed Jack Garret with a shotgun while the latter was creating a disturbance in the saloon. 0. L. CHOSS, an o!d and well known planter living near Brankley, Ark., was shot and instantly killed by deputy sheriff Hides, who was attempting t- evict Cross from a tract of land that was in litigation. IN a conflict between strikers and an evicting party in the Pennsylvania coal regions, one Hungarian was killed and inany others were injured. IN Now York Wednesday, Albert Stall shot and seriously wounded a concert saloon actress and then shot and seriously wounded himself. No cause is known. AI^XANDEII BKNTON, a mine owner near Napoleon, Mo., was shot and instantly killed Wednesday by Hugh Gurrett, a saloonkeeper. Both are promiuant and well known men. JOSHUA GM-.ROX and Ilolvrt Cain, convicted ut Puri.-, III., of having sold their ! vutes at a recent town election, were I H-iitwicocl to ninety days in jail and to be disfranchised for five years. AT Levin u. ton, N. Y.. Loo Jenkins almost iiibtuntly killed Washington Rummy Monday night. Tho men quarreled during the day, and Ramsay went home and was standing in his gate, when Jenkins came along and without warning Iff A SYIUAN CAFE. Listening to tho l'i ofesslonal Story Teller. V is always a delight for the Syrians to gather in some public cafe and entertain themselves. At such times the professional story-teller is welcome. Some winter night wo look in upon such a scene. A score of men sit about on low stools, while at one end of the arched room sits the story-teller. Sometimes he recounts very-vividly the valorous deeds of his war- lilre ancestors; now he spe,tks of love, throwing into the form of verse his visions ot beauty arid gentleness: now the intent listeners forget their pipes as he brings back to their minds scenes of I860, when fueds between Durzes and Maronites had sprinkeled the side of Lebanon with Christian blood. Between the stories, the low gurgle of thu water-pipes sounds of musical applause, and we westerners realize that we are, in very truth, in the land of "The Thousand and One Nights," listening to the magic language of "Aladdin" and "Sindbad," ana the "Forty Thieves "—the much loved language that tke Arabs call "the tongue of the angles." Finally at a late hour, there are sign of breaking up. tives than the greed may lempt somebody to attack us, endanger our seaport towns and imperil our commerce. Lieutenant Greble, an artillery officer, in a letter to me five years ago, presented some facts which I quote as applicable to the present situation. He says: "When we think that those guns (the two hundred pounder Parrt) were carried by vessels totally unarmored, or nearly unarmored that they could not remain long enough under the fire of land batteries to make their own fire destructive, we see why- granite force with eight foot walls were considered strong enough to protect our harbors. Now when the iron armor of war ships has increased from four to thirty inches, and their arament consists of guns ranging up to seventeen and one-half inches calibre, weighing more than one hundred tons, and throwing projectiles weighing two housand pounds, fired with seven hundred pounds of powder, having a muzzle energy of forty thousand and fifty thousand foot tons, and cap-ible of penetrating twenty-five to thirty inches of wrought iron nearly a mile away, of course the old forts cannot stand against the new engines of war. Since 1872 heavy .1* l_ • i i ,. 11 .^ under a neavy burden of debt to defray the war charges and for yeai-3 and years it must swallow its chagrin while it pafajft up its debts and recuperates its energies^ 1 Suppose the war cloud to dart up in any \ part of our horizon. What could we do to hold our own and avert calamity and loss. In answer I will repeat an opinion^ I once expressed concerning the defense of San Francisco. It will apply to New York or to any other large city on either- coa?t. Considering the importance of our good navy in preforming its true and apprd- priate work, no one will begrudge the money expended in the construction of naval vessels and armaments, and of cour.-e it is wise to have them equal or superior to anything they may encounter. It i-s, however, well to'plan whatever practicable, for substantially three lines of defense—an outer one of war ships, a second of torpedo boats; and a third fortification, including, when necessary, floating batteries. To resist an enemy approaching the Groklen Gate, for instance, or its vicinage From the sea, it would afford groat satisfaction to the defender, and probablv raore to the defended, to have as we did ,n our great battle, a good observing force and abundant reserves. Yet with our present naval strength, San Francisco ihould not depend nn the outward line, )ut rather upon the proposed torpedo- boats, well epuipped and manned, the essential floating batteries and most of all upon the several prominent fortifications, to be well located and well constructed and kept in good working order. Upon these San Francisco may rely, as she does upon her good police' her superb fire department, and upon her arrangement for water sewtrage and light. Our navy has been much destroyed and much improved since the above statement "-t was made. Torpedo boats and the whole torpedo system has been slowly and surely developing. The experimenta'l mofcar firing do as to land shells within forts or upon the decks of approaching vessels, has been constantly advancing and many good guns of long range are in existence. Our outer forts can be put in orde. upon both approaches to New York harbor, so that I do not believe Italy, with her best iron-clads, could get past our navy squadron, our torpedo arrangements and our show of batteries, into any offing that would enable her to practice upon the Brooklyn bridge or the post office building. The account of the recent conflict in the war now progressing in Chili, is apropos and indeed, a demonstration of the present value of defensive works—works properly located and manned. The iron-clad Blanco belonging to the insurgents, in an attempt to blow up the armed government tug 1 ( lorence, encountered hot fire of shot and shell from the forts under whose guns the Florence was moored. The Blanco could not withstand this fire, and was forced to- leave the harbor. The same night a torpedo and the Florence steamed out of the harbor to attack the Blanco. The ironclad in company with the sloop of war O Higgins, destroyed the attacking force, and then engaged the f rts with disastrous results to the ships. A shell from the torts struck the O'Higgins and went clear through her. Another shell caused a gun on her quarter-deck to explode, with the result that the deck was fairly torn out of ordinance has increased wonderfully in power and size, and equally great improvements have been made in powder and projectiles. Foreign nations have spent millions in developing and perfecting heavy guns and vessels to carry them. Now guns are afloat which-send a ton of metal some nine miles with accuracy enough to hit a, city, and carrying seventy-five pounds of nitro-gelatino. In August 1883, a steel projectile weighing 493 pounds was fired from the twenty-ton Whitvyorth steel gun, through eighteen inches of wrought iron, thirty-^even inches of well-packed sand, one balks of timber and then sixteen feet more of sand. The projectile was discov- vessel and nine men out of the were blown to atoms. The gun crew sloop was . »,v «.vbvfujrr* J.1JC OHJUIJ WctO driven out of the range of the guns in the fort. Thus the forts drove an ironclad out of the harbor. Again the next day one vessel was disabled and the other badly damaged and driven beyond range by defending forts. Here were used the three lines of defense we must employ against the foreign enemy, viz: 1. Men-of-war 2. Tho torpedo boats and floating batteries; 3. Permanent works properly located and well equipped. It rejoices my military heart that one regiment of New York artillary is forming us part of her national gard. The more- skilled artillerymen we have in America the better. I may end my letter by saying that brant s and Sherman's method of defense- is the bc-st. It was to take the offensive as often as possible. Our navy is not yet large. We cannot divide it up too much It pan. however, take Ihe offensive very readily, even remembering that the Monitor slew the giant Merimac. The pluck ot our naval men is equal to any emergency that may come on the this is not boasting, it If we are attacked, open sea. is part of my the cause will . ------- - ..... — v", not be that we moan to cover up crime, but ered practically uninjured. The eighty ton gun will penetrate twenty-five feet of granite and concrete maronary or thirth- war'conies wV'must two feet ot best Portland cement concrete. At Spezia, in May, 1880, the Armstrong 100-ton breech loading rifle, seventeen and , to defend our republican way of right-injr wrongs. May God defend the right and so lead us to keep from all war. But if The story-teller is rewarded with a cop ordered to leave the city by May 8 means, the lawyer adds, the rui'u of Jews, although they will be permitted This to e o resul» m provinces in the oast and south A MAOAKIKB containing 250 tous of gun- five shots from his revolver into itamsay. Jenkins escaped. ENSIGN George E. Ormsby of the navy has sued ex-secretary of the navy W. C. Whitney for $50,000 damages a account of the former's imprisonment tor dis- obediencu of orders. Coi,. KAUTZU'S selection to be a brigadier general causes several promotions in the line of thu army. Lieut, Col. VanHorn, of the twenty-fifth infantry, is to be made colonel of the eighth infantry, thu place vacated by Col. Kuutze. Mnj. Andrews, of the twoaty-first infuntry, will move up to lieutenant-colonel of the homes. The next morning oiir friend the cafe- keeper washes out his pipes, places them in order on long shelves, and is ready for another day's entertaining.—St. Nicholas for April. Tl !, x °" German Wa«;e-Workers. the German government has been making a partial experiment in the field of "nationalism" which the socialists ought lo appreciate. All persons in the empire earning a salary for example of 2,000 murks c-r less a year are required to buy each week a government stamp costing from four to eight cents and paste it upon a card issued in the name of each person by tho government post office. When the card is, full at the end of the year it is filed away to the credit of the owner. After the owner reaches the age of 70 he ceases to woik and is given a small pension by the government; but if he dies 1-efore that ago the government appropriates his con- tribatation. That is, on the slender chance of living beyond 70 the German workmen is. compelled to pay a tax for his support in old age. This in a measure relieves him of the necessity of looking out for his own future, and to that extent is a very good adaptation of one of the chief ideas of our nationalists. But. the working classes in Germany do not appreciate it M all; in fact, they denounce it as an oppressive tax, a steal and tyrannical exercise of tn? power of the government—and they are quite right. Such u scheme of compulsory insurance or anything of the kind would not be endured in this country. seven-tenths inches calibre, fired a projectile through forty odd feet of sand into the reck behind, ana the Italian 100-ton gun sent its projectile weighing 2,205 pounds, forty-six feet into the sand. In 1863 armored vessels cost about $200 000 apiece. Now they cost about seven times as much as the ships our forts were built to fight against, with this increased cost conies of course proportional increase in offensive and defensive capabilities. England^ has a navy of fifty-seven ships, all heavy armored sea-going vessels, carrying most powerful aranuunents. In case of war with this nation, the greater part of this navy could be sent against any one of our sea coast cities. To defend our coasts with a navy alone, some people suggest it impracticable, as it would require a navy equal in,, power to that of Great Britian in the harbor of each of our large cities. This would be necessary, as wo could not foresee against what point the attack would be directed. Our only safety is in building: forts capable of mounting heavier and better guns than those afloat and having iron or steel armor for those forts sufficiently thick to protect the guns and gunners from naval fire." I wish to emphasize that last sentence, viz: Build forts capable of mounting heavier and better guns than those afloat and having iron or steel armor for those forts sufficiently thick to protect the guns and gunners from naval fire. Experiments have been going since, and there arc guns carrying projectiles that exceed in penetrating powers those which Lieutenant, Greble hud cited. It is not wise to reargue the proposition that the United States will, for many years, bo always liable to war. Arbitration may come, and be universal among civilized Major General U. S. Army. Struggling Ujt l.irZr»"IlireBi'(l Hill With youth, vigor, ambition mid an indomitable will to help us, IB no such grievous matter, but tottering down again, afflicted by the ailment* which besetold ngo-our backs bent with lumbago, our elastic muscles and joints stiff und painful, Is n woeful piece of business. For the infirmities which the decline of life too often brings, Hos- tettors's Stomach Bitters Is a beneUcent source of 'relief, a mitigating solace always to ba depended upon. 'No regulating tonic evolved by botanic medical discovery Is so well calculated, so thor- ?nTu,if ','1 °' b "t Vi" 1 "?", 1 - l:ml " B "timiilullvB effect, lo help '.ho aged, the delicate and Hie convalescent "I?. 1 ?,*'^' " ?Jft" vlulil ? °f « frame which lime ulua decline have unpaired as this. Kid- bladder weakness and disorder, costivo- malxrinl complaints, , vspoosiii and ihtt ««ir umong i " e b ' ; '"^• «fiiSio«i which this Mel-ling reciin«rniii ..mi v...,-.i.ito r overcomes. Pedagogue: Canyon give me a sentence illustrating the difference between mind and matter?" Tomiuie: "Yes, sir! mind pretty soon there matter." .When I don't is somethin' the Passenger: "Conductor, why don't you call out the stations plainer?" Conductor: Say, this road don't' elocutionist! See?" hire me for no Young housekeeper (10 butcher): "You may send me a nice piece of roust beef " Butcher: Yes, inn'iim." And Iwve it very IMIM, please; my husband prefers it that wav." and Chrisian people. God hasten that time. Europe, however, does not present that attitude to day. As in the Turko- Hussiau war, and in the Franco-Pru.-sian conflict,.war comes in thu hitter times like a thunder storm, The cloud begins in u comparatively clear sky, swells to enormous proportions, soon expends its fury and quickly subsides. The death rate is terrible, The expenses frightful. The beaten nation is ma,de to stagger for years From a Catholic Archbishop down to tho Poorest of the Poor nil testify, i:ot only to the Virtues of TA „ ST, JACOBS Oil, Ihe Great Remedy for Pain, •nit to its sapor' •• 1" t.- It Cures Promptly, Permanently; SkiC 0 !?, 8 t lli ^H' "•"!' tlie Ptttu-strlclwi' l 1U<1 WU|1 U /

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