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THE UPPER BES MOINESJ ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, APKIL 22, 189L The Upper Des Moines, BY INGHAM fe WARREN. of Iflic Upper DCS Mollies: One copy, one year $1.50 One copy, six months 7fi One copy, three months 40 Sent to any address at above rates. Remit by draft, money order, express order, ortioRtiU note at our risk. Rates of advertising Bent on application. S10KS OF TIIK TIMKS. Blaine's lollcr to the Italian government closes two important international letter writings. His success In dealing with Lord Snulisbury wns ably tcsti/led by E. .1. Pholps, Cleveland's minister to England, and is u jtist matter of pride to the country, that ho lias mado tho Itnlinn bluster .ridiculous, tho Italians themselves will not question. Ho has shown himself tho peer of any man in public life as a master of tho rules o'f inter-national intercourse. Jn tho meantime ho has nbsolutely changed tho sentiment >of his party on questions of commercial pralicy. And in this again ho has won applause from all sides. President Blakeman of tho Chicago commercial board said recently: "I am a democrat in politics, but I nm free to sny that Mr. Hluino's measure of reciprocity has brought to America more foreign trade (him any other legislation or policy. This trado is only in its .infancy, out if Mr. IJhvino's policy IB continued long onough, American manufacturers and producers will find a ready market In every foreign •country. I cannot find words adequate to-oxprcHB its commercial advantages to America and to .the foreign states." And 11 loading Nebraska republican says: "IIMf, Blriino will ullow'lils nnino to bo used in 1802, tho Harrison people will fail to secure any delegates from Nebraska. Iowa, and Kansas. If tho ' Plumed Knight' will have the .nomination ho can got it, hot- •wWhstmidlng'llho strength which tho vast patronugO'Oi the administration should give Harrison. It is universally 'acknowledged 3>y republicans that Harrison .has made an excellent president, wise, conservative, and wife; but the western people at least, are looking for changes ana reforms which no (republican 'candidate except Mr. Blaino promises to bring about." Blaine stands today at tho pinnule of Ms career. Tho nominating conven- tion'for 181)2 is not far distant. there." Tho English are finding that the United States is in the race, and proposes to secure a commercial field of her own abroad, instead of giving up what she already has at homo. Blaine's reciprocity is calculated to twist the lion's tail if any thine is. Tho Esthervlllo Republican says: " Senator Funk announces that ho will not bo a candidate for tho scnatorship nexfcfall. However, the people will probably insist on his being a candidate. Senator Funk is too valuable a man in that offlco to bo allowed to retire at the end of his first term." The details of tho new trade treaty with Spain are public, and show that America gains a big market in Cuba for flour and other farm products. It is estimated that wo will now sell 1,000,000 barrels of flour a year where wo have not been selling any. LoMars has just defeated bonding tho cit/ for electric lights. They propose to allow private capital to supply tho system. Tho Sentinel urged the latter plan very strongly, and opposed city ownership. The Palo Alto Reporter speaks very highly of Senator Funk and says: "The Reporter would like to see tho people of this district ask Senator Funk to re-consider his decision not to bo a candidate'" HAUKISON'S M3TTJSK. Tho growing respect for President Harrison is shown by his reception on Ills southern tour. His title to respect lie vindloates in every speech 'and public document. His letter to tho commercial congress at Kansas City is replete with sound sense opigrumatically oxpressod. 'Spanking of our now foreign markets ho says: '"ThO'Oxtraordinnry development of production of agriculture which has taken l>laco in a recent period in this country by reason of tho vapid enlargement of the area of tillage under tho favoring land laws of the United States very naturally has culled attention to the value, and, indeed, tho necessity of larger markets. "It seems to mo quite possible to attain a largly increased market for our staple farm •products 'without impairing the home anai-kot by opening tho manufacturing trades to a competition in which foreign producers paying a lower scale of wages •would have the advantage. 41 1 look with groat confidence to tho completion of further reciprocal trade arrangements, especially with tho Central and South American states, as furnishing now sind largo markets for meats, breiidstults, jiud an important lino of manufactured pro•ducts. Persistent and earnest efforts are also being made, and a considerable measure of success has already been attained, to vsecuro tlho u-oinovnl of restrictions which •wo have rognrdGtl as unjust upon tho ad•mission and use of our moats and live cattle 3u some of the Europe countries. I look with confidence to a successful termination •Of the-the .ponding negotiations, because I cannot butiassumo that when tho absolute Hy satisfuctory character of the sanitary inspections now provided by our law is mado taiown to those foreign states, they will promptly relax their discriminating regulations. No effort and none of tho powers vested in tho executive will bo loft unused •to secure an'end which is so desirable." In connection -with this aggressive policy of getting tho farmer nil the markets that \cnn .bo secured without admitting goods to injure our manufacturing and laboring classes, ho vindicates our protective policy: \ "I am one of those who holiovo that a Nhonie market is necessarily tho best market ibr-ttio producer, as it measurably omanci- patos\1iini in proportion to its nearness from the eductions of the transportation companies. If tlho farmer could deliver his surplus produce to the 'Consumer out of his farm wagon, his independence and his profits would bo larger and surer, "A policy that would reduce the number of our people engaged in mechanical pursuits, or diminish UioLr ability to purchase food products by reducing wages cannot bo lielpful to thosu now engaged in agriculture. Tho farmers insist that the prices of farm products havo boon too low—below the point of fair living and fair profits. I think so, too, but I venture to remind them that tho pica they uuiko involves the concession that tilings may bo too cheap. A coat may 1)6 too cheap as well as corn. The farmer who claims a good living and profits for his work, should concede tho same to every other man and woman who toils." On tho silver question ho first says: "I have always believed, aiul do now •anoro than ovor boliovo, in bimetallism, and favor the fullest use of silver in connection with our currency that is compatible with tho maintenance of tho parity of tho gold and silver dollar in tlicir commercial uses." He then adds: Italy took the load In prohibiting American pork in 1870. Germany followed in 1880, Franco in 1881, Austria and Turkey shortly after. In 1870 tho United States sent to Germany 04,880,458 pounds of hog products, valued .at $8,205,500. This had grown to 11)1,1 ua,80» pounds valued at 811,282,057 tho year before tho prohibition took effect. In 1888 tho total had dropped to 57,728,409 pounds valued at $0,444,450, a loss of 78,404,900 and $4.808,207. Before tho prohibition Germany took over 417,000,000 a year more from us than she sold us. Since that time she has:Bold us ovcr-'$l,000,000 a year more than she has bought. Tho story is tho same with Franco. Jn 1881 before prohibition wo sold 181,911,407 pounds valued at $10,5134,407. In 1888 this had fallen to 82,150,582 valued at $8,708,020. How important tho prospective removal of restrictions on tho American hog in Germany is, may bo judged from those figures. Germany's action will bo followed by her.neigh- bors beyond doubt, and if President Harrison is successful, a bright future opens bo fore tho American pork producer. Our strict inspection hero at homo, and our willingness to admit certain foreign products free in return, is what havo made Germany's favorable.action probable. Sam Clark wants the fight in Iowa to bo for republicanism and adds: " Republicanism is reciprocity and tho issues made so clear and distinct in,a national way by Harrison and Blaino." Tho Brooklyn Chronicle makes a noteworthy suggestioii : : '-Senator Funk thinks more of his partyithan ho does of office, and would make a : good candidate for governor." Tho republican candidate for mayor •in Chicago won by over'300 votes. He is a son of Elihu B. Wushbumo. Tho widow of Iowa's first senator, A. C. Dodge, died Monday .at tho ago of 72 •years. IN THIS NEIGHBORHOOD. The Rosecrnnz park at Webster City .vlll minn .Tniifi A will open June 4. Esthorvillo Democrat: Will Zimmerman spent last Sunday visiting his relatives in Algona. Corwith Crescent: Cluis. Ferguson wont to Algona last Monday, where he expects to engage in some business Just what it will bo, ho is not yet settled upon. Dominick Stuillick, north of Corwith sold $1,000 worth of hay .from one quarter .section of wild land tiio past season. Says if ho had not sold so have gotten $1,200 for it. past season, early, could ), in arithmetic, in elements of the English grammar, in geography, (particularly of our own country), and in the history of the United States. A Livermoro writer says: Rev. Father .Zigrang, who labored eo long and well here with the Catholics and who has for the past year and a half been ministering to the spiritual wants of the society in Worthington, spent a few days here last week with his brother, and his many friends hereabouts were .glad to meet his cordial grasp and see the same genial expression on his countenance that he wore in days gone by. His present society numbers 160 families and has 900 paying members and 500 communicants, which includes all those above twelve years of age. His church is of gothic structure 53x110 feet. Mason City Times: At 8 o'clock this a. m. at Algona, at tho residence of the bride's parents, occurred tho marriage of Miss Anna Nicoulin and Mr. Fred Randall, two young people well known in this city. Miss Nicoulin has been for a few years past manager of tho Bee Hive shoe store in this city and has shown business qualifications of a high order. Always pleasant and possessed of a joyous temperament, the young lady has made a record in our business circles that is enviable. Her social qualities have always commended her to a large circle of admiring friends, whose well wishes go with her into her new sphere. Although joining tho matrimonial throng she will still continue to manage the business of tho Bee Hive store which she has built U]) so successfully. Fred Randall needs no introduction to the readers of tho Times. He is a native born Mason City boy, and one of the highest enconi- ums that could bo given him is that he has won this lady for his wife. The Times congratulates tho contracting parties in their new relationship, and along with its numerous readers wishes them tho full fruition of prosperity. WOMAN 8TJFFBAQE AGAIN. ThoMontlcollo Express Shies a Quarter Column Criticism at Mrs. L. B. Head. Our well known advocate of female suffrage, Mrs. L. B. Read, receives the following notice in tho Monticello Express: Lii5/,io B. Road, an editorial writer on the Woman's Standard of Des Moinos, in the April number of that publication contributed an article upon " Tho Leprosy of Sin," in which she used the following impassioned and unusual language: "Tho hand that rocks the cradle is the hand of a slave. You can hear the clanking of the fetters above the lullaby song—above the impassioned prayer— above tho soft cooings of the love that broods over tho cradle nest. "The hand that rocks the cradle is the hand of a slave—else would it prepare a safer way for the little feet so soon to bo caught in the pitfalls of vice. What can an Iowa mother do for her child that a hired nurse could not do? She may bathe it, wrap it, and nourish it. bo could an hireling." We do not wish to judge Mrs. Read harshly. She maybe, or may have been a kind and loving mother, tho natural sentiments of whose heart have been turned by the teaching of universal suffrage. We prefer to think, however, that she is writing to attract attention, and pretends to be striking and picturesque in her language rather than exact or popular. Mrs. Reed has heretofore acted as president of tho Woman's Suffrage society of Iowa. She is deeply imbued with the ideas of those who are advocates of universal suffrage. Like all reformers she is enthusiastic in declaring- the doctrines of her cause. PLANT TEEES ON FBIDAY, "If wo have dollars of different values only tho poorest will circulate. Tho farmer und tho laborer, who uro not in hourly touch with tho tickor or tho telegraph will require, above all other classes of our community, a dollar full of value. Fluctuations and depreciations tiro always at tho first cost of thoso classes of our community a ho banker and tho speculator anticipate discount, and often profit by such lluctua- tions. It Is very easy under tlic impulse of excitement or the stress of money stringency to fall into tlio slough of a depreciated or irredeemable currency. It is a very painful and slow business to got out whcii oiico in." A sound, complete, mid truly national "business policy now and for tho future, lias no where boon more brioily or more admirably stated. A loading English paper remarks: "It is especially important, if this country Is to hold its footing in brazil as a great market for British goods, that no time Should bo lost in securing our position Morning Sun Herald: Farmers by the name of William Nolan and Robert Bowman, residing in Kossuth county had a fight with pitchforks lust Friday. Nolan was fatally injured. Ruthvon Free Press: The newly elected street commissioner of Algona refuses to qualify because there is too much cussing in tho offlco for the amount of salary paid. Algona must pattern .after Ruthvon in regard to the cussing part. Mrs. Sophronia Ridley died at Es- thorville, April .11. She came to that place in 1859 among the first settlers, and is well known by all early settlors in those parts. She was 80 years of ago and mother of two sons now ilivina- at Estherville. Our old citizen Nick Winkel woa on- joined by Judge Thomas last week against soiling cider. Tho Humboldt Independent says; If there ever was a travesty on justice, the verdict of the jury in tho case or Nick Winkel from Livormoro, was one, There was no more evidence upon which to convict than there wns that burglar Brown was Having been at the head of that society she stands more or less as a representative of it. She reflects its aims and its teachings in her writings. So long as her writings are sensible and'in accord with the better sentiments of human nature, they will bring credit to her cause. But when they contain tho disdainful and peppery language we have quoted, they not only fail to do justice to the heart and mind of the author, but they also lead the people to think that they are the natural results.of long brooding ovor the ideas of female -suffrage. Iowa is full of loving and contented mothers who are doing every day-a hundred fold more tfoan Mrs. Read thinks a "hired nurse" might perform. Those mothers are >not -yet ready to banish love, education, and personal training from the cradle surroundings. They find the care and attention given their little ones, the fondest work of their lives. If it is slavery it is surely tho slavery of happiness, and they prefer it to quarrelin" 1 over politics, or voting. It is Arbor t>iiy, and Ought to Be Gen* orally Observed—Mies Mann on Uusslan Fruit Trees. Friday will be Arbor day. Friday is not usually a good day for luck. But luck has little to do with tree planting. Friday should witness the planting of many hundred trees in this county. And in view of the remarkable success with fruit last season, tho planting should not be confined to shade trees. What better opportunity will there be in each locality to test fruit trees than to plant a few recommended varieties on the school grounds and have them well cared for? At the late horticultural meeting the Ben Davi'3 and Dutchess apple were put first among Iowa trees. Plenty of these can be had here at home. Probably for this Arbor day this is all that would be attempted. But for the future why should not the fruits of experimental work be secured, and the trees tested which are recommended by our agricultural college? At the farmers' institute Miss Mann gave a very lull report of what has been done at Ames, and her article seems peculiarly appropriate to this time. Tho two balsams growing by Judge Call's house he brought to Algona in a trunk. Much of the early fruit tree growing of this county came from the old Eggers' nursery started in 1858. All that tho county has in any lino that is worth anything begun in a small way through somebody's eitort. Kossuth will some day be a great fruit county. That day will .be early or late in proportion as tho people are active in experimenting oven at some cost of time and labor in tho same way all our pioneers experimented. RUSSIAN FRUIT TREES. Miss Mann's article is as follows: : Tho^-elation between fruit trees and the soil arid climate .into which they are introduced is one of tho most interesting subjects in horticulture. Live nurserymen of Iowa have discovered that many of the 'failures in fruit culture are due to the importation of plants not-adapted to our state. It has been proved by experiment, that if tho soil and climate of the country from which we obtain our trees and shrubs are similar to the soil and climate of Iowa, the plants will thrive. Under these conditions blight is almost unknown. The first apples, pears, cherries, and plums introduced into the United States wore from western Europe. They have flourished in the eastern states and in Michigan, but all have failed in Iowa. Many would-be horticulturists ha,ve become discouraged and laughed at the idea of raising fruit in Hhe good old Hawkeye state. \ In many districts of eastern Europe and central Asia the winters are colder .than ours and the surnmors fully as warm. About ten years ago many varieties of fruit trees were brought to Iowa from these Russian districts. They were distributed throughout the state, and reports have been sent from various counties to the State Horticultural society. Those found to be worthless have been destroyed while the good varieties havo been retained. The pear grows best in clay -soil, the land being high and dry. Protection .are valuable for canning when the fruit is red. The Shubianka and the Orel are said to be the hardiest cherries in the world. They are not the best however. Two varieties of the cherry, 27 Orel and'Brusseler Braum, bear two crops each year. The last is several weeks later than the first, and is on hand about state fair time. The hardiest varieties of the cherry can be obtained in small quantities from Prof. J. L. Budd, of the agricultural college. A few of the Russian pears, apples, and plums can be obtained in the same way. No small fruits are sold from tho college farm. The reason tho trees arc sold in such small quantities is that, Prof. Budd is doing horticultural missionary work, spreading the cherry trees us evenly as possible over the state. 'With patient horticultural labor, among the Russian fruits, much more may be done for Iowa. ALICE MANN. IMPORTANCE OF GEOLOGY. AYni. AVard'B Knowledge of KossUtu Commented Upon — A Valuable Study. The State Register reprints the following able article from The Britt Tribune: Wm. Ward has spent his life in geological and astronomical study, and probably no living man has such a thorough knowledge of the geological formation of Kossuth county as ho has. He is now studying Hancock county with untiring patience and perseverance. To the horticulturist and agriculturist, and those interested in forestry, and the development of our subterranean resources, the opinions and theories of Win. nant with wisdom. Ward are preg- Geology is the from the north and west should be avoided. Among tho best varieties for northern Iowa are Gakovsky No. 347, and Early Bergamot No. 418. 'The Ga- kovsky bears large fruit and is said to bo excellent for cooking. The Early Bergamot is as hardy as tho Wealthy and is a good summer variety. Many others still untried may prove successful. The Russian apple has been tried much more extensively than the pear. The White Nnliv, No. 157, Green Sweet, No. 169, Yellow Sweet, No. 167, and Revel Pear, No. 379, are some of the best summer varieties. The White Naliv is very hardy. The fruit is medi- .um in size, juicy and slightly acid. Tho Green Sweet is successful where the Duchess fails. Tho fruit is large and green— the side toward the sun being yellow. It is very sweet and fine grained. The Yellow Sweet does not bear so young as some other varieties, but is very excellent for baking. The Revel Pear has grown 'in Dakota on dry soil, where native trees have perished. Among tho more promising fall apples are Rosy Repka, No. 200, Hibernal, No. 378, and Handsome White, No. an honest man, and ho was proved to bo n sneak of tho most despicable .-sort. John Callnhnn and Tlieo. J. Smith are tho committee representing Humboldt county, appointed to confer with tho Kossuth county committee regarding tho removal of tho bridge which crosses tho east branch of the Dos Moines about three miles above Livor- moro, more to a point about u mile lower down, which would much bettor convenience the many farmers across tho river, by lessening tho distance and also save climbing tho hardest hill in this region of tho country. Farmers and townpeoplo about unanimously favor tho change. Hon. J. P. Dollivor sends out tho following notice: A public examination will bo held Friday, tho 15th day of May, nt Fort Dodge, beginning at 0 o clock a, in., for tho purpose of soloct- V,V 8 ' ll Wldet to tho military academy at West Point from this district of Iowa, a. ho ago for the admission of cadets to tho academy is between 18 and 22 years, candidates must be unmarried, nt least nvo feet in height mid free from any deformity, disease or infirmity which may render thorn unfit for military service. They must bo well versed in reading, in writing (including orthog- JULY RAPES. Tho Algona Driving Park Association to Give Uncos,Tuly 8-9-A JAill Programme This AVoeJc, The annual meeting of the driving park association was held Saturday evening at F. M. Taylor's office, and after considerable discussion of track repairs, etc., it wns decided to give races on Wednesday and Thursday, July 8-9. The date was chosen with reference to the races at Spencer, which close July 4, and tho western circuit eiads there. It is expected that many if_«iot all tho horses from that circuit will come hero, giving us the best races wo have ever had. It is also thought that Eiiflo Grove will follow us with like purses making an added inducement, to horses to come. The purses will amount to §1,000, and tho full pro- gramme will be arranged this week. The treasurer's report showed $340 in tho hands of the association, and the executive committee was instructed to use wlu.it was necessary to improve our truck. A grader, wns nlso ordered bought. The society nlso decided to make strict regulations for the u,se of the track for driving-. Hereafter all horse trainers using stalls will be charged SI a month a stall in advance. All trainers desiring to use the truck merely must get authority from tho executive committee. _ Tho election of officers for the ensuing year year resulted in the choice of D. A. Haggard, president; C. D. Creed, vice president; F. M. Taylor, secretary; C. D. Pettiboue, treasurer; H. Inghnm, marshal. The executive committee are in addition to the other officials: A. Rutherford, R. B. Wiirren. C. D. Pettibono, and P. Winkel. 450. The Rosy Repka is a good tree everywhere it has been planted. The . fruit is large, highly colored and excellent in quality. It never fails to bear. The Hibernal is large, highly colored, and excellent for cooking. The Handsome White is yellow and as acid as the Jonathan, The winter varieties of the Russian apples are very numerous. The Bergamot, No. 424, is free from blight. The fruit is large conical and yellow. It is fine grained and moderately acid. The season is midwinter. The Juicy Burr, No. 544, grows where the Duchess fails. It bears regularly. It has been said "it looks like a glori- .hed dominie." If picked when partly colored it will keep a long time. This as one of the most promising of winter apples. Tho Lead apple, No. 277, is large, green, colored yellow on the sunny side. It is good for dessert use. IheRomna, No. 599, is smooth and highly colored. It is thought better than the Ben Davis. Tho Russian plums are all hardy in any part of Iowa, and are excellent in quality. They are better than native plums, but it is not yet known whether they will bo destroyed by the curculio. The Early Red has been grown in several places and has escaped the at- taoks-of the insect. Other varieties of Russian plums are Long Red, Long Blue, and Orel Yellow. They are all free bearers. The cherry promises to be the most profitable of nil Russian fruits. In the northern part of Iowa the most thrifty varieties are of the Vladimir race. All are small growers six or seven feet high. They are successfully grown in Winnipeg. The loaves of Russian cherry trees are not affected by early frost. Of the pale-juiced cherries two kinds are hardy in northern Iowa. Tho Sklanka ripens a little later than the Early Richmond. Tho tree has a rounded top and pendent branches. basis on which tho horticulturist and agriculturist must build their hope of success. When an orchard dies and another bears an abundance of fruit, climate causes are not enough to produce all this effect; the ingrediants of tho soil, the pitch of the land, and even the formation of the bed rock underlying it, all exert an influence for weal or woe on those trees. Scientific research has done much to undermine the superstitions and hallucinations of the orchardist and farmer who planted "in the moon" and never thought of what might be below where the plowshare runs. This county had a superficial geological survey in the year 1866, but this was mainly done in the interest of mining lead, coal, iron, etc. Tho farmers' alliance can do no nobler or better act than to petition the next legislature to make an appropriation and start a thorough geological survey of our state in the interest of agriculture and horticulture. Thousands expended in this direction will immediately give returns of millions. Tho mine owner recognizes the practical benefit to be gained by these surveys. Why is the farmer so blind that he cannot see the same thing? These lectures of Mr. Ward's are the means of bringing blind to light and we congratulate Hancock county in her good fortune of numbering among her citizens a man who has some knowledge of these things, and both ready, and willing to impart it to his fellow men who are less enlightened. The great and only Father Clarkson was always an enthusiast on Iowa geology,, and about eight years ago asked for information from the several counties, but for some unexplained reason sufficient interest has not been shown to get the state to give a thorough survey. Father Clarkson, the Iowa farmers' best friend and true guide, has gone over the river. What bettor monument can be erected to his memory than to begin where he left off and secure this survey in the interest of science, agriculture, horticulture, and posterity. PLAG PEESENTATION. Tlio Eaglo Grovo Knights of Pythias Give Phil. C. Ilanna tho National Emblem. In the Register of Thursday last is a full report of a gathering at Eagle Grove in honor of Phil. C. Hanna. The reporter writes: Castle hall of Superior lodge No. 138, Knights of Pythias, presented a fine appearance last Wednesday night, on the. occasion of an open meeting at which Phillip C. Hanna, re- SOME BOGUS OHALLENd-ES. TWO Algonlans -who ifave Invited Fort Dodge to Compete Cannot bd Found. The Fort Dodge papers this week contain the startling information that Algona has assailed their champions. fore and aft. The Messenger heads its news "Algona is Game" and says: " Algona may be a little burg but she- has great banks of sand located within. her city limits. Will Hart of that town claims to be able to nail up as many laths in a given period of time as any man in the state. He thinks he can easily get away with any man Fort Dodge can furnish, and has challenged Geo. Simmons of this city to meet him in a contest. The latter has announced his willingness to do some hammering- provided, the contest occurs in Fort Dodge, and is for not less than $100 a side. It is probable that a match -will be made to come off in Fort Dodge some time next week." The Messenger then continues with this item: "A man named Simmons has also challenged C. A. Merrill, Fort Dodge's champion checker player to a, tournament for IJ50 a side. Mr. Merrill is willing and anxious to accommodate Mr. Simmons and this match will also be arranged to be played either in Fort Dodge or Algona. Simmons also challenged David Millar, who beat Mr. Merrill at Dows, but was unable to get that gentleman to play. Mr. Merrill has also been making strenuous efforts to induce Mr. Millar to come down to Fort Dodge, but without avail." The Chronicle also has tho following item: "Algona don't want much. There is talk of challenging the check er champion of Dows to play a local player. Not only this, but there is a lather there whom Algona sports are backing, and want to match against the Fort Dodge champion, Geo. Simmons. Local backers of George say that all they want is terms, and a match will be speedily arranged. They have unbounded confidence in Simmons' ability." As to the lathing contest, Will Hart says he has sent no challenge to Simmons, and knows of none being sent. As to the checker contest, the Mr. Simmons referred to does not live in Algona, and if any challenge has been sent by a man of that name it must be from. Lu Verne. How the challenges came to be received is a mystery at this end of the line. However, Will Hart is an expert lather, and Algona is ready with an expert checker player if a contest is wanted. Wo have sent out no challenges, but a chip is on both our shoulders. HAPPILY MARRIED. Two of West Bend's Best Young People United for Life. To the Editor: Married, April 15, at 6 o'clock p. m., at the residence of the bride's parent, Mr. A. B. Carter of West Bend township, Mr. C. Q. Wright and Miss Addie Carter, in the presence of a few relatives and special friends of the contracting parties, Rev, Carroll of Boone, Iowa, officiating, Thus one more of West Bend's most- worthy young couples commence life together. Mr. Wright is one of the leading business men of the town, being the junior member of Wright & Son, dairymen of West Bend, and owner of a half- section of fine land just across the county line in Kossuth county. Miss Carter being the eldest daughter of A. B. Carter, much responsibility of the household duties has devolved upon her which has fully equipped her for the duties of the new life upon which she now_enters. The happy couple are the recipients of numerous presents as a token of the esteem in which they are held by their many friends, and as a memorial of the happy event. We all unite with one accord in wishing Mr. and Mrs. Wright a long, prosperous and happy life. The happy pair departed on the evening train"for an extended tour among friends and relatives m the southern and eastern states, May they soon return to brighten the social circles of West Bend, '.f~ '* ^V . . The fruit Is large, colored red and yellow, and fine in quality. The Lutovka ripens one week later than the Sklanka. It is a large cherry and has a small pit. Tho two varieties are not subject to leaf fungus. All the dark-juiced cherries originated in central Asia. Nearly all are lute in ripening. Most of the varieties are free from mildew. All cently appointed United States consul to LaGuayra, Venezuela, was presented with an elegant flag. E. W. Archer, chancellor commander, presided. After the usual opening services, Knight C. A. Schaffter, deputy grand chancellor of the state, arose and in a graceful address presented the flag. He spoke of the order of Knights of Pythias, its origin and growth, and then turning to tho subject before him, he dwelt on symbols. He said they had existed from the earliest ages and to the present time, it was a symbol that led men on to battle and glorious victories; then turning to the symbol he had to present he paid a glorious tribute to our country s flag, and in a few words formally presented it to Consul Hanna. In response, Mr. Hanna spoke of his departure, and tried to express the depth of his feelings at receiving such a token from the lodge, to carry to his distant home. "It is my duty," he said, "to visit every United States war fleet that enters the harbor at my post, and as I leave the squadron or ship, seven guns will be fired over my head. In response I am to turn and salute with my nation's symbol, and that flag there is the one I will use for that purpose." Heartily thanking them all he extended a cordial invitation to all to visit him in his new home, and as a closing remark, he asked that if he should die in a foreign land and his body brought back to the United States, that this lodge should be represented at tho funeral. The flag is of the finest heavy corded silk, with the 43 brilliant gilt stars on the blue ground. Mingled with the stars are the letters "F. C. B."—Friendship, Charity, and Benevolence—the motto of the order with the symbol of his country. Spring Hats, Spring Bonnets. Millinery, fancy goods and jewelry. E. REEVE & Co. SHOOTING- TOUENAMENT. Programmes Out for tlio May Meeting of the Algona Gun Club Tournament, May 5-andlG. The programmes have been issued for the coming annual shoot of tho Algona Gun club. It will be held May 5 and 6, and Mr. Smith has' assurances that 40 or more outside shooters will be present. He expects to have 600 live birds on hand, while of clay birds there will be no end. The shooting will begin at 9 o'clock each day. Ten contests are set for the first and nine for the second, all of them affording ample opportunity for sport. This will be by odds the most important meeting the Algona club has ever attempted, and Messrs. Smith and Sessions, who are arranging- for it, are leaving nothing undone to provide for tljie comfort and ment of those who attend. entertain- THE iq OUT IN OIL. AV. F. Cartel- Explains Why Algona Has Oil Sat sucli Low Prices. As it is not generally known why one or two firms in town are able to make the big cut 1^1 oil, a few facts in regard to the matterunay not be out of place. It is a well-k ard Oil comp oartn and navl m . and paid was -House, five rooms. J. E. To RENT- Stacy. MY stock of boots and shoes for spring and summer is complete. Call and look it over. F. S. Stough. RUBBER Stough's. foot wenr of all kinds at vvn fact that the Standby own nearly all of the - a mortgage on the bal>aid them)their prices, everything- all right A short time ago I bought a car o,? oil of the Excelsior Oil company. Tljat settled it. The Standard people dame here, and through Messrs. Pattoi<son Bros, and Townsend & Lnngdon proceeded to mnke war on on. Hie nboy,o firms of course were in lor anything that would knock me out ai Y°ng as sonieone else paid the bills Messrs Pajtterson Bros, claim 'in their little dodger that they are selling- oil at cost. Some people are liars from necessity and] some because it comes natural to tlifem. In this case it wasn't- necessity, as/most people could comprehend th*ir oil was cheap without springing the old wornout "cost" dodge on jthem. The facts are, the Standard/Oil company pays them 2 cents a galllon for all the oil they sell. I nave gott some sand, but I haven't enough t|b fight the Standard Oil com- lain I coming/'either. out of oil, and I haven't any W, F. CABTEB.