The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 22, 1891 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 22, 1891
Page 3
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THE UPPER DES MOINES. ALGOM A, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 22.1891. FARM AM GARDEN. THE OL1» WIFE'S KISS. ELTAZBETA LAMB lilARTW. 4'* • r ' I f ! v The fnnernl-servlco 6m1ed, the voice of prayer had ceased. It was ah aged pilgrim, whose aonl had heen re- Tile neighbors were conversing in whispered nn- Tet the old wile nt tin; coffin-head in silence stood alone. Her wet eyes gazed Intently upon the shriveled •The furrowed history written there her Eonl could plainly trace; She saw In that sad moment his whole life pictured there: •Old nee. strong manhood, buoyant youth, wnen both \vere yciing and fair. Again a bright hope sprang to life, a moment— but the pall , ,, Recalled her desolation, her loneliness and all. No home, no husband, children gone; oh* agony I 'The fnlleiFVeyBtone of that arch could ne'er be placed again. And 'mid the shuttered fragments she bowed her And etoTchefheT^ithered, piteous hands in silence toward the dead, And gazed in dumb expectancy—then left one Ex P ressfg r fl n v'er k y lB88 entiment. that fills a life like thls- A kiss of love, of sorrow, of memory, of fare- A klBS W witk a whole life's history all crowded In But lookFViience comes that grayish hue, that sudden gasp for brnath? . The limp hands full, the form sinks down Into the arms of death I Oh, say not spirits meet and kiss. The worn-out thread of life , , Snapped in the ecstucy of bliss when husband claimed his wife. Oh, say not that his unseen hands wore clasped in grateful prayer, When that grand kiss released her soul and gave it to his care. JPARM NOTES. • Begin to think aliout that hot-bed, if you intend to use one. Get jour frame and your sashes ready. The soil intended for the strawberry bed should be plowed deep, and when ready for the plants, like a pulverized bank of ashes. Pill the ininds of the boys and girls with knowledge about agriculture, and the farm will not be deserted. Over-feeding the hens may be the cause of leg wsakness, soft eggs, poor hatches and apoplexy, and is often the cause of hens becoming egg-bound. The cow must not have to travel a long distance for water. If she does she will go without it until she gets very thirsty and feverish, and then drink until she is painfully uncomfortable. Both conditions are unfavorable for milk secretion. Many are not aware that apples are excellent food for milch co ws and generally more valuable to faed than to sell at the low prices which can be obtained for them for cider making. The popular impression is that they shrink the mess. But they do this only when fed in excess, and many other foods do the same. Whatever you send to market, carry directly to the customer if possible. The nicer and fresher its condition the better the price and the difference is mostly profit. Get pay for your brains whenever you can by studying out how to supply some want of the market a little better or earlier than any one else. Breeding Stock. It is cheaper to keep breeding stock in the proper condition for breeding than to make them very fat. Until it is understood that ;'a very fat aninml is unfit for breeding purposes the failure to secure vigorous young stock will continue to exist. It is not necessary to have the stock poor in flesh, but just simply to avoid ex tremes. only \\i\i the plants make a better prowth, but as a rule they will withstand drought much better. But it is not best to deepen the ploughing too much at one time, especially in the spring. If the ploughing is to be deepened to any considerable extent the ploughing should be done in the fall, as by this plan the elements will have all winter to work upon the soil and make available the latent elements of plant food that are in it. To turn up on the surface any considerable quantity of subsoil _ and then plant the seed is almost certain _to give poor results. But by gradually_ increasing the depth, bringing up a little soil every time tho ground is ploughed, deep ploughing can be made very beneficial. Ot course, in some soils deep ploughing may not be best, but this is in exceptional cases. Plough deep and thorough, but cultivate shallow, stirring only the surface. This gives tho roots opportunity to work their way down into the ioil and at the S'ime time avoids disturbing them in any way when giving the necessarry cultivation. By working tnei r way down into the soil they secure moisture thai they would not find near > the surface. Deep ploughing aids the soil to retain moisture and also to hold fertility. L. M. H. of Russellville, writes: I have been growing watermelons for 12 years, and find that to be successful one must have good fresh land, and flat-break it well. Then check it off both ways (16 feet apart), and put a heaping shovelful of well rotted manure in the check furrow each way from the cross, leaving a space of three inches between the cross points open. Pill this unmanured space with dirt, plant 5 or 6 seeds to the hill, cover 1^4 inches deep, then dig a little dirt up over the manure to prevent the sun from killing it. When the seeds come up and get three leaves to each plant, pull out all but tho best looking ones; a good stand of vines is thus secured, and all will come on alike. Bo sure to plow and hoe > the vinos as long as possible; the last time, when the vines are two to three feet long, run your harrow both ways, and make the land as level as possible._ After this keep the soil well cleaned with the hoe, and'that the vines run at will. It is best to have as much old trash on the ground_ as possible to prevent the wind from rolling the vines about. If the season suits, you will have watermelons weighing from 40 to 70 pounds each. In case of a drouth, punoh 3 holes in the bottom of old tomato^ cans, sink them in the ground within 6 inches of tap root and fill with water. One filling will last three days, and then if Bit does not rain, fill again. By my method, as here given, you can not help having fine melons. Straw for Fowls. Clean straw is good for fowls to scratch in* if away from the roosting place. Grain scattered therein gives them exercise in cold weather, the life of a fowl, because it brings good circulation of the blood, and this good health. Fowls must have something to keep them active. When they become lazy and stupid, don't be surprised if Boma of them become sick. *' Timothy Hay. Timothy is one ot the best grasses for hay, from one-fourth to one-half bushel of seed being required for an acre. It thrives best when undistributed, and as frequent cropping is injurius to it; the field of timothy should not be used for pasturing cattle. Orchard grass, on tha contrary, will endure cropping well, but it "stools" which many farmers pbject to. Fertility of Soil. The great need of farms is increased fertility of the soil. How to bring this about without bankrupting ourselves while doing US is the question. It is easy : enough to make our lands richer if we have motley to spend;.for ^manures and fertilizers; but if we have not, what shall we do? Undoubetedly the cheapest source of fertility is found in feeding Iiv9 stock. Estimating its valuable constituents in the same way as in commercial fertilizers, and a ton of bran is worth—after it is eaten— about $18 for manure. A ton of oil cake is worth in the same way from $18 to $20. Feed carefully, and figure . all results accurately, and see if it will not pay to keep a little more stock (even at present values) and have their aid toward growing better crops. Bow to Buy Tiece. Spring is the best time of year to pur chase bees, as there is a chance, at least, of realizing upon the investment, while if obtained in the fall by a novice, they may perish before flowers bloom. Bees can be safely shipped long distances, but everything considered, I would purchase near home, if the variety of bees, and hive preferred, can be obtained there. And there is no risk of buying a "pig in a poke." Do not choose a hive becaute it is heavy; you do not want honey but bees. If you want to buy honey, get it in sections. Do not choose a hive because there are many bees at the entrance, for thus I have seen would-be purchasers deceived. Such hives may be queenless, and the bees having nothing to do, no brood to feed or water to carry, lounge and gossip at the front door. If bees are working, choose a hive whose bees are rushing in and out with the greatest possible dispatch; if not, one that ' '-s the most bees between combs. Peep I'lowlng. On land that has been in cultivation and bas only been ploughed shallow, deep ploughing all at onco is not advisable. Properly managed there is no question but that with a majority of soils deep planting will be found much the better plan*. Not more wisely, profoundly, and to say lastingly, than you ever did before. Novel Uses for OM Paper*. Most housekeepers know how invaluable newspapers are for packing away the winterclothing, the printing acting as a defiance to the soutest moth n<^ successfully as camphor or tar paper. For this re,u- son newspapers are invaluable under the carpet, laid over tho regular carpet paper. The most valuable quality of newspapers in the kit-chen, however, is their ability to kenp out air. It is well known that ice completely enveloped in newspapers, so ;hatall air is shut out, will keep a longer time than under other conditions, and that a|pitcher of ice water laid in a newspaper, with ends of the paper twisted together to exclude the air, will reman all night in any 'summer room with scarcely any percept- .ble melting of the ice,. These facts shoad je utilized oftener than they are in the care of the sick at night. In freezing ice- cream, when the ice is scarce, pack tho ireezer only three quarter full of ice and salt, and finish with newspapers, and the difference in the time of freezing and quality of the cream is not perceptible from the results where the freezer is packed full of ice. After removing the dasher, it is better to cork up the cream and cover it tightly with a package of newspaper than to use more ice. The newspaper retains the cold already in tho ice better than a packing of cracked ice and salt, which must have crevices to admit the air. THE HOUSEHOLD I CAN 130 SO LITTLE. nr WARNED SNOAD. So little! \Vhyf 'tis not dreamy pride Self-righteous preaching will bring content; But just the task you have thrown aside, r There lies tho way that your master went 1 Your lot to-day is not a thrilling deed No martydom that all eyes may soo; But common duty—and this you meed "Ye do it all for the sake of me." The quiet stannd'for the true, tl.e light— A sniirn retort—for His sake kept down, The hard work done—aye, with all your might, These form the gems of a victor's crown. j For work is worship, paclence prayer, D Not mere eyo service that all may see, But humblest, toil done with faithful cure, And then the guerdon, "Twas done for me." OEMS OF THOUGHTS. "To love benefits one's self; to inspire love benefits others." "Whoso keepeth his mouth and his tongue keepeth his soul from troubles." Patience is the gold we got by going through the fire of trial. Character js something that cannot be burned up or buried. Our desires are the presentiments of our capabilities.—Carlyle. He who knows right principles is not equal*to him who loves them.—Confucius. If you would not cease to love mankind, you must not cease to do them good.— Marie Esuhenback. "Selfishness, the foundation of all evil, is not known to the idea of perfect love." How rich this earth seems when we regard it srowded with the love of home.— MacDonald. The world looks at what a man does, but God looks at what he means. Our power lies in the strength of our intuitions. We see God, truth, justice and beauty as realities, not as probabilities.—Anon. Good Advice. Never give way to melancholy. Nothing encroaches more. I fight against it vigorously. One great remedy is io take short views of life. Are you happy? Are you likely to remain so till this evening, or next month, or next year? Then why destroy present, happiness by a distant misery, winch may never come at all, or you may never live to see it? For every substantial grief has twenty shadows, and most of them shadows of our own making. Snyder Smith. ' Making Children Mind. A motherTshould be earful only to make reasonable f demands upon the children's obedience, but when once made, to enforce them emplicitly. One should be very careful never to enter into a contest over a point that can't be enforced. A child may be made to do certain things, but no power on earth can force them to others, or to say words he has made up his mind not to say. The prudent mother will farce her authority and teach obedience on ground that she is sure of being able to hold. Points she knows that she cannot carry she will avoid until the habit of obedience is formed, and then there will be no discussion. Home and Happiness. Farm and Fireside. Probably nineteen-twentiethe of tho happiness you will ever have you will get at home. Tho independence that comes to a man when his work is over and he feels that he has run out of the storm into trie quiet harbor of home, where he can rest in peace and with his family, is something real. It does not make much difference whether you own your house or have one little room in that house. You can make that one aoom a true home to you. You can people it with such moods, you can turn to it with fancies that it will be fairly luminous with their presence, and it will be to you the very perfection of a home. Against this home none of you should ever transgress. You should always treat each other with courtesy. It is often not so difficult to love a person as it is to be courteous to him. Courtesy is of more value and more royal grace than some people seem to think. If you will be but courteous to each other you will soon learn to lore AT THESOIJA How Ut'Biid Mill Mininged to Squander a Dime ATtcr Several Attempt*. It's my turn," she said at the soda counter taking out a purse. "No, it's mine," said her friend, rummaging in her pocket, where sho found a small, shabby pocketbook; "what will you lake?" "What do you." "Then I'll have eoda'n cream." "So'lll." "Two sodas'n cream, please," to tho drug derk. "Oh, wait a minute. Wouldn't you rather have ginger alo, Min?" "Hum-m-m. Lsmine see. I b liove 1 d ruther." "Then I'll have ginger ale, too. So the druggist, who had buen standing with the two empty _ glasses in his hand, turned to draw the ginger ale. "I don't know. Ginger ale sometimes makes my head ache. S'pose we take chocolate soda, Min?" "All right, dear. That will be very nice." Then they chatted like young magpies. "Is there s black spot on my faco Lil?" "No, Min. You look lovely, but I know I'm looking a fright." "You sweet thing, you never looked better in your life. That one spot veil is so becoming. "But you manage your spot so much better. Mine gets in my eye." "Here's our chocolate. Now put up jour purse. This is aiy treat." Well, if you you won't, let me, but 1 really ought, etc. There is a gurgling silence, and another dime has been squandered.—Detroit Free Press. THE MUMMY Pit A. It In Three Thousand Years Old and Lives to Bear Blossoms. The present mummy pea, which is exciting so much attention in some quarters, was first introduced into Europe in 1871. The previous one made its appearance in this country many years before, along with the mummy wheat, the seeds having been discovered by Sir Gardner Wilkenson, an Egyptian explorer, in a vase supposed to be 8,000 years old. The peas were removed from the vase by Mr. Pettingrew, the librarian, to the British musorn, and by him given to various friends to plant and rear a feat successfully accomplished. The produce was said to be edible and of excellent flavor, consequently tho earlier mummy pea became pretty generally cultivated. The kind, however, we more particularly allude to here is the one introduced in Europe in 1871. An officer in the British army (Maj. Gen. Alexander Anderson,) happened during the year to visit the tombs of the Pharaohs; and in the course of his explorations to come across some seeds of peas and wheat in the hands of the mummies, which he carefully preserved until he reached Europe. He ga\'e seeds of the pea to a friend in Guernsey, and others elsewhere. The Guernsey friend succeeded in raising plants from the seeds, which flowered very freely. Thus, then, is reputed to be the origin of the mummy pea, which has found its way into hundreds of garden < during the current year. In habit of growth it differs from all of the cultivated peas, the upper part of the stem being broadly fasciatod or flattened, and the lower part being round and very slender. The flowers, which are white, pink and crimson, are borne at the top of the stem, forming a dense head of blossom, extremely pretty to look upon. The upper part, cut off with a foot of the main stem attached, makes a lovely object when placed in a vase, and on that account the mummy pea is sure to be largely grown in the future. SPOKANE'S BUSINESS "WOMEN". A VERITAnt,E SAMVSON. Some AdtOTildlilng Ffcats of Strength Performed by it Tonng Cnnndlnn, the Strongest Mnn In the World. If Louis Cyr, the strong man ot Canada, could lift a weight off the human mind as easily as he does from the floor he would be a valuable member of society. His efforts, however, are simply to show that he possesses a remarkable muscle. Cyr is a French Canadian, born_ in a little town nnmed St. Jean, which is about, twenty miles from Montreal. He was 17 years of age when he discovered that he was possessed of great strength. He happened to be out walking one day when he came across a wngoiy load of bricks stuck in the mud. He weighed «t that time 140 pounds. Cyr got under the curt and lifted it onto solid ground. From that moment ho went around lifting nearly everything on which lie could get a good hold. Cyr is now bnt 27 years of nee. \yeight 818 pounds, and stands 5 feet llj^ inches in heitrht. Ho 1ms yellow curly hair, which falls to his shoulders. Ho comes naturally by his marvelous strength. His mother waa a powerful woman, who considered tho carrying of a barrel of flour up two flights of stairs a mero trille. She weighed 565 pounds. His father tipped the scales nt 220 pounds, but was not gifted with any remarkable weighing ability. Ho has several brothers who nro only ordinary men in the matter of strength. The remarkable thing nbout Cyr's performances is that, ho lines no harness. In New York City, December 20, 1868, William B. Curtis made a harness lift of 3,236 pounds. At Borthierville, Canada, October 1, 1888, Cyr, without harness, raised 3,586 pounds of pig iron. Ho confidently expects to lift 4,500 pounds before he retires. For two years Cyr has abstained from the use of liquor and tobacco. This, hn says has increarod his lifting ability 700 pounds. He eats five or six pounds of meat a day, and pays double boiml. Cyr's last and greatest lift was 3,993 pounds. At a recent exhibition given by Cyr, in Lowiston, Me., he picked up a barrel of llouv with one hand and put it on his shouluer as if it. was a bundle of cotton batting. With one finger ho raised two great cluuib-bolls with a man weighing 160 pounds upon them, tho total weight being 510 pounds. He lifted the bells and tho man about three feet from tho floor with tho forefinger of his right hand only. He juggled a 35-pound cannon ball as if it were rubber. His groat feat of the evening was,in holding, by his famous upward back lift, a platform welch- ing 261 pounds, upon which stood twenty men, whose combined woudit, wUh that of the platform, was 3,790 pounds. Ho also did an equiiibriest act with Mrs. Cyr, in which he balanced her clinging to a ladder, supported on his chin. Cjr was recently presented with a handsome championship belt by the citizens of Montreal. Mr». Houghton, Who Has Mudo $950,000 in Three Tears. "What a woman can do" is fairly well exemplified by the carreer of Mrs. "Alice Houghton, who was at the Palmer house recently, says the Chicago Tribune, C'Mrs. Houghton is a tall, handsome woman, with the rapid, brusque manner of one who knows the business methods of the big, booming west. She ought to know them, too, for the same methods have made for Mrs. Houghton over $250,000 in three years. She is the real estate queen of the state of Washington, and she handles property whose value would take away the breath of the real agent estate even in Chicago. "I believe a _ woman can do anything she takes a mind to," said Mrs. Houghton. "1 btarted out with a lucky speculation in real estate ac Spokane Falls, by which I made 110,000. I didn't put it in a uat'ety-deposit vault. I invested it and made more. "Then 1 hired an office and began commission deals. 1 have done a business since which has run up occasionally to the amount of $100,000 a week. At a test of steel manufactured at Reading, Penn., the other day, a one- inch bar broke at a strain of 233,833 pounds, "becin about 20,000 pounds in excess of the highest record author- atively known." The test was made under the supervision of government officers. Saw-mills are said to have been in use at Augsburg, Germany about; 1332. ABOJjlSH THEM. Some Familiar Social Nulsuucon That Noocl Somebody's Attention. "While Life is showing up its list of 'social nuisances," there's ono I hope it will not forget," romtvrked Miss Blank l.o her brother, "Which ono is that?" asked ho, rather indifferently. "It's tho woman who always has a recent purchase to S!MW you which she describes as 'something entirely new,' just as if she had some tljiiimoreial monopoly. You are in the portion of having to abandon all hope of ha ring anything like it, or else declare yourself a shameless imitator a,', once." "I know a nuisance which beats two of that for obnoxiousness," remarkod Mr. Blank, after a moment's pause. "Who is that?" "It's the girl who assumes that, because you have taken her into dinner and cannot get away from her for three hours, sho is necessarily upon confidential terms with you. She tries to force you into abusing your best friend, who sits opposite and hears just enough of what she says to think you are abetting her. General conversation has no charms for her. She insistes upon giving youthe freedom of her entire mental economy, and is obviously displeased if you seem unappreciative ot the compliment. Start heron a good objective theme of universal interest, like baseball, for instance and she hasn't a word to say about it." "That reminds me of something I heard yesterday," said Miss Blank. "It was a progsessive conversation party, and it works like this: The chairs are tied into pairs, each being devoted to a special topic of discussion. The guests who occupy the in talk of the prescribed subject until,[on a given signal, every lady moves one seat forward; while her companion moves ono seat back. Judges walk up and down and decide who talkslbest upon the greatest variety of topics. "Think of the possible injustice, since one 'would always, according to tho depravity coincidence, have to discuss the topics least suited to the companion of tho moment. Suppose, for instance, you found yourself beside Clara S, to whom you have been twice betrothed, and had to turn felicitous sentences on the subject of 'the supreme virtue of constancy.' Wouldn't it be awkward?" Progress In Photographing Colon. Since Edraond Becquoral in 1848 obtained a photograph of the spectrum on a sheet of silver covered with subchloride of silver, tho problem of photography in nature's colors has been studied with a sort of intermittent zest that occasion^ lly has promised definite results. But until this year no one has been able to obtain a colored plate that was proof against the disintegrating forces of daylight. Bee- queael's plates btill exist, but are necessarily kept in in darkness. The savant who has- taken a further step is another Frenchman, Prof. Gabriel Lippmann, who made public the results of his experiments in a lecture before the French academy of sciences, February 2, Prof. Lippmann has been successful in s,o fixing colors that they can be indefinitely exposed to light without injury. His method demands, first, that the sensitive film or coating, instead of being distributed in the form of grains, shall be continuous, or, to use Lippmau's ian- guat'e, "must be distributed in a state of diversion, as it were infinite, in a transparent support such as gelatine, albumen or collodion." The second condition is that this sensitive surface must be placed against a reflecting surface. Lippmann sajs at this point: ' "For this purpose it [the sensitive coat] is fixed during the exposure in a hollow frame containing mercury, which forms a plane mirror in contract with the sensitive coating. The exposure is made, then the development, finally the fixing, followed by washing in the ordinary manner with hyposulphite of ?odi or i-yanide of potassium. The plate has been exposed dry, and tlm rotors appear there when it again beeoirea dry." The principle nprm whidi the svsteni is based is one ut I ho simplest in physic,*—-to thosu nt lenst vrbo have not yet forgotten what is contained in the chapter on light. There is ititorfer.'Tice between tho incident rays of lisHil. foraiing tho i inn go i>u the sensitive firm, and tho niys reflected by the mercury. DM this interference not take place, 'a continuous unbroken wave of light, would cr'K<s Urn photoirruphu 1 plate, by the interference by the reflected rnys results in a series of fringes on tho interior of the sensitive coat, these fringes consisting of maxiniiims of light separated by obscure niiminunis. Two niaxiniums being separated by one-half of an undulation, tho result of such un impact of actinic rays, thus broken, upon l.he sensitive cont is n series of transparent coats of silver._ "The sensitive coat." in other words, "is sub divided into several hundred of thin slices of precisely the thickness—a half length of a wave—necessary to reproduce by reflection the incident color. ' Prof. Lippiuunn's colored plates of the solar spectrum contains all the colors of the rainbow and also the intra-red and ultra-violet which are invisible to tho human eyo except as black stripes on lines. Tho Paris correspondent of the London Daily News says that Prof. Lippmann's re- suits are very beautiful. "Ono sees tho colors well in daylight or lamplight, but belter in reflected than in direct artificial light; when the plate is held between one's eyo and the light, no trace of color can bo seen on it, but, when viewed by reflected light, tho colors of tho solar spectrum appear in all thoir beauty." It is to bo remarked that thus for Prof. Lippmann bus been able to catch only tho primary colors. Ho boliovas, hawevor, that the delicato composite hues of nature and of huimm complexion nuy also be caught and fixed on the photographie^ilnle. And this in a reasonable presumption. A 81NUUi,AH CONC1DKNCK. Two Old I,iullcH on Their ARC mid Dignity. A street car incident, which has como to an eastern exchange seems to illustrate tho unconscioiifmesg of apparent ago. An old lady on entering a crowded train caught a strap and by chanco took her stand directly in front of a lady passenger apparently as old as herself, says tho Chicago Post. . The occupant of tho scat was on her feet in a moment. "Have my seat, madam," slio exclaimed with audible courtesy j "you arc older than 1 am." "Older than you," retorted tho other; "I beg a thousand pardons for contradicting my older, but indeed, madam, you uro mistaken, keep your sent." "But 1 am sure that you are older than I." "And 1 am equally sure that I am not. Will you bo good enough to losumo your place?" "Not while an old woman stands." The situation was growing interesting. But though all smiled, no ono seemed moved to relieve mutters by offering a second seat, Both old persons worn pretty well warmed up by this time. Firet ono Hiiiffcd, then tho other, an old ladies sometimes will when sorely tried. The vacant seat was still before them. Finally an overture of peace camo from the owner of the seat, tho last speaker. "1 don't want to be disagreeable, ma.d- iini, and if I'm older tli/m YOU I'll sit, down. Let's toll]our agow and the older yields. The aggrieved woman did not relish this much, but tho prcsecnoof an audience forbado her retreat. "Well, madam," sho replied, forcing tho semblance of a amikt, "1 shall bo most happy. Will you please announce your age? Then 1 take pleasure in telling mino." "I was born in Match, 1317. And you?" "Wh'it! March, 1817? Good Leavens! So was I. And what dav did you arrive, pray?" "The 7th. And you?" There were bright red spots on tho cheeks of both ladies now. "I have nothing more to say," wan the reply. My (.birthday is on tho Cth. I am much older for the seat. And with ad- inirablo dignity she sat down amid considerable laughter. A Valuable Sorvlcu. Patron—"Here are $10 which I wish to present to messenger boy No. 999. Agent—"I am glad to hear that one of our boys was of so much service. When was it?" Patron—"Yesterday. I sent him to tho exchange with an order to ray broker to buy 10,000 shares of X. Y. Z. stock, Before night the whole bottom dropped out < f the X. Y. Z. I rushed around to my broker, and was delighted to learn that tho boy hadn't got there yet." ' Father.—"James, why did you eat all the candy in tho box I gave you ? I said that you could only have three pieces." .James.—"Well, I know, father; but I wouldn't help it, I've been making believe there was another little boy spending the day with me," Tommy.—"My sister thinks purty well of you." Mr. Binguin (swewt on Tommy's sister).—"Indeed! Now, what does she say about me, Tommy?" Tommy.— "Well, I heard her.tell pa yesterday that you knocked the spots of nothing."— Biughamton Republican. A 9 2-inch armor-piercing shell, manufactured by the British firm of Thomas Firth & Sons, was recently subjected to being fired at a 14-inch compound plate. The projectile passed clean through it. Further tests with this steel will soon bo made. Water-mills are from ancient date. The first one ever built, according to best accounts, was erected on the river Tiber, at Rome, A. 1). 50. Wind-mills wore in original use in the twelfth century. Tide- mills wera operated in Venice about 1880' One million and a half of men work in the coal mines of tho world. Of these England has 535.000; United Sates, 300,000; Germany, 285,000; Belgium, 100,000; Frunce, 90,000; Austria, 100,000; Russia, 44,000; . The world's miners of metal number 4,000.000. GKNEUAI. KAUM ILL. He In In Mortal Com but With the Provuil- !UK La (Ji'lype. CHICAGO, April 13.—General Raum, commissioner of pensions is seriously ill at the Grand Pacific hotel. He has been ailing several weeks with a cold and symptoms of the grip. He came to Chicago a short time ago in hopes that a rest would build him up. He has, however, not improved, and tl'is morning was very STATE ITEWS. It is rumored in Milwaukee that the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, the Illinois Central, the Hock Island & Pacific and one or two other of the extensive western rail- roniU will reach Milwaukee within a year nfter the Wisconsin Central has completed its rond to that city. Gabe Bonck says that Oshkosh now has no lawful mayor or council. Notice has ho.-n received in Oshk'ish to tho effect that the five children of Mrs. Wilhelmina Storbeck have become heirs to estate valued at S-10,000 by the death of an uncle in Germany. Mrs. Storbeck is dead, so the estate goes to her children in hat city. A verdict of $5,000 has been entered igidnst Shebovgan, in the suit of Henry Raymciul vs. Mrs. Doroihoy Keseberg and I he city of Shoboygan. Over 500 German immigrants arrived in Milwaukee in a body Thursday. In Milwaukee Wednesday evening occurred the marriage of Miss'Btlla Katzenstein, the charming daughter of Mr. E. Knt/.ensti>iii. of the well-known clothing firm of KUzenslein it Co.. to Sol. M. Can- trovil/, nn extensive wholesale ciiror and tobacco dealer of Chicago. Mrs. F. B. Fargo died at fnko Mills Wednesday. Sho was the, wifo of F. B. Fargo, tho maufaeturer of dairy supplies and the daughter of the late Rev. J. 11. .Tonne, u Methodist, minister of this state. Daniel llolllnntl, clerk of the circuit court at Superior, has resigned. Miss Liz/.io Kirklnml, of Chicago, died nt the residence of her undo, R. B. Kitk- nd, at Jefferson. Cnpt,. Cluis. H. Ford, formerly privato secretary of eX'Gov. Fairchild, died at Bcdono Beach, On I. Door county has a squaw, Angelica Boar, who claims to bo 124 years old. At Superior Thursday, a gambler in- silked a huly belonging to tho Crystal Slipper company. J. N. Devon, an actor, resented the act and was stabbed but not fatally. Frank Wyatt has been arrested. Julius Muohlo, tho business manager of the Seobolo, Milwaukee, has gone to Phihulelphia, whoro ho will marry Mrs. Knoster, the widow of_ Dr._ Knotser, who for many years was editor-in-chief of tho Soobote, and afterwards of the Gorman edition ot Puck, until ho died in 1888. Mrs. Krotsor 1ms just returned from Europe, whence she wrote lot'ers to tho Soeboto, which attracted considerable attention by thoir picturesque descriptions of European life. Rev, Win. K. Gifford was arrested on a charge of mini try preferred by Harry Hocuni, at Millbunk, N. D. Tho prisoner pleaded not guilty and waived examination. The justice tlxed tho bond at, $1,000, It is not probable that ho can secure bonds, and ho will consequently remain in jail until the next term of court, next fall. A. B. Failing, of. Proscolt, Wis., father of Mrs. Hocum, arrived Monday niorningand took bin daughter and her only child, a boy aged about, 7 years, homo with him. Miss Henrietta Bowon, tho heiress, of Delphi, hid., was recently married in Milwaukee 1 , to Nolan Hathaway, of Chicago, by Rov. Subin liulsey, of the Grand Ay enuo M. 10. church, Mitts Julia Ttoagon, aged 19 years, was nccidently killed by tho 0-year-old child of her sister Tuesday night at Wiiukushu. About $00,500 nun boon received by the Mather bank at Berlin from W. D. Williams, assignee, Tho now council of Monasha is entirely democratic. Tho body of little Joseph Pluard,drowned in Black river on Oct. 0, was found near Ln Crosso. The body hud boon in the water 188 days. It is not improbable that Apploton will withdraw from tho stutu base bull league becnuso of dissatisfaction with tho schedule. Charles Kief, who years uao rescued Mrs. Simon B. Paigo, of Oslikosh, from tho burning Beokwith hoiiHO, is in a fair way to bo rewarded for his heroism. It is learned that previous to his death in lown, Mr, Paige deeded to Riof u tract of land in Grcon Lako county now worth about $6,000. Tho oxcitmont_ at Ashland has diod out but tho disappointment of tho thousands of men after claims at tho decision of the government to suspend filings in very groat. A. B..Richardson, a Milwaukee druggist, and Miss Lila Spnnco, of Oconomowoc, were wedded April 15. Peter Ponport, Fred Wieshof and" Mrs. E. C. Guobler are recent deaths in Milwaukee. Tho high and low church peopla of Fond du Luc, are in controversy. Miss Nettie Graham, of Hartford, was married to Robt. M. Suunlan, of Memphis, Tenn., Wednesday. A wolf and eight cubs wore killed near Boscobel tho other day ! y Amos Davoo, who irill receive a bounty of 897. Peter Doylo, of Medford, was awarded tho contract for building a now §8,500 schoolhouHO at Stevens Point. Engineer John Smith, of Thorpe, lost his entire hand in a planing machine, Tho annual sheep shearing at Caldwoll will bo held April 29 and 30. Dr. Samuel Gulontino, a practicing physician of Neenah for the past forty years, entered tho Odd Fellows' home in Green Bay, where ho will spend the remainder of his life, Thursday. Ho is 75 years old, and has buen a member of the 1. 0. 0. F. for nearly fifty years. E. A. Andrews, a wealthy and prominent farmer living in tho vicinity of Lodi, while out of his right mind, attempted suicide by hanging himself in the barn, Ho was found by his elest son and rescued before life was gone. His recovery is doubtful. Tho following deaths of Wisconsin people are reported: Mrs. Magdalena Koch and Martin Kiefer, both old settlers, at Lewhton, Columbia county; Howell W. Randolph, at Melton; Mn. Oliver West, at Elkhorn, aged 86; John F. George, at Racine, aged 74, A verdict of 84,000 was given Joseph Nelson, of Racine, in his suit against the Northwestern Railroad company for damages for injuries received by a switch engine backing into a car which he was unloading 1 . Eivu Claire sawmill hands will probably be defeated in their move for a 10 hour day as the corporations they can get all the help they want to work eleven hours a day-. On April 2, Lyuian R. Porter, of Buena Vista, this state, died of la grippe, and on April 4 his wife died of the same disease. Mr. Porter was 86 and his wife about 84. Mrs. Henry Steelo, of Palmyra township, was dangerously injured in a runaway. John Larson, a Waupaca carpenter, fell from a scaffold about fifteen feet, striking the back of his head on u kettle that was, turned bottom up. One of the legs of the kettle penetrated jus brain. Dr. Pelton tooic out nine pieces of bone from the wound. .^L,s<^Mii^Js.^i^Jf^Ak&

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