THIS tlPPEft DES MOINBS, ALGQNA JtOWA, WEDNESDAY,,APRIL 22, 1891 -»-»--»-- •*-' _ __..._,, .._ . .,. .^j.^eT..^^.,.., —^-t....... J... ,.-.,.. .„ ., Jgj . _. t . _..._,._. . , .. _"»,.,._ , . ... . . .a .„.-.- ^ ..^..^..^-^...^.^-^..^.^---.^a.-... * .---—. .--^ ^^^^^a^— cess, war uev boip LGONA, IOWA. for the Grant monu menl in Riverside park, New York city, is to be broken as proposed on the anniversay of his] birthday the 27th insL _ AMEIUOAN travelers have been spending $20,000 it year in [taly. Rudini may yet yield to the pressure of the Italian hotel keepers. ________ _ MICA, which stands unique among minerals as an insulating substance, is destined to become one of Connecticuc's leading products. Three now mines havo recently been discovered in that state. were 14 young women among the graduates of tho university of Now York law school Friday night, ,on8 of the number being Mrs. G. 13. McClellan, a" daughter-in-law of. Gen. McClellan. A NEW process for burning coal without smoke has recently boon discovered, says an English exchange. Ic consists in sprinkling water containing a special preparation of rosin over the coal, and the result is that there is no smoke and tho glow is as intense its coke. IT is pleasant to raport that a shortage of only 1 cent was found when tho cash in tho Texas treasury was counted a few days ago. So many state treasurers had gone wrong that tho people of Texas awaited the result of tho counting with some 'ip- prehension lest tho prevailing epidemic had reached their strong box. TUB coal miners can throw .a great many people besides themselves out of employment and cause themselves and others considerable expense and suffering by striking for an eight-hour day on May 1, as thay threaten to do. Tho record of all strikes proven this much, but it does not oiler much encouragomont that they can do more than this; on the contrary, experience is against the probability of carrying their point. But if they do, it is doub tf ul if they gain enough by it in tho end to pay for what it costs them, for tho victory they win will bo likely to bo a temporary one. The eight-hour day and tho increased wages they demand would be theirs only until it wore possible for the operators to find other men who would work at old wages and old hours, and that time, with the flood o£ immigrants coming into the country, would not be far off. Strikes for higher wages and shorter hours in such an industry as mining are only sure of permanent success when tho strikers can corner tho labor market. — which never yet has been accomplished in this country. SOME one asks what colors in wall paper, carpets, upholstery and drapery contain most arsenic, and are therefore best to avoid. We reply that little or nothing can be inferred from the color. If you cannot aford to employ a chemist you must take your chances. Very likely there is no arsenic in tho things you have or you may bo ono of those not liable to arsenic poisoning. _ THE cost of rare drugs is something astonishing to tho uninitiated. A throe- pound bottle of alkaloid of aconotine costs four hundred and eighty- five dollars. Cocaine, tho grout local anuesthotio, is worth commercially one hundred and twenty dollars a pound. Papayotin, a solvent for diphtheretic membrane, comes in thirteen- ounce bottles at a cost of one hundred and eighty-nine dollars each. Still morn expensive are various preparations of tho calabar bean, used in optical diseases. They range from ono hundred and thirty- seven doliu-s for a single ounce to the almost incredible price of a half a million dollars for tho same small quantity. TIIK NEW 1MWIGHAT1ON JjA W. Qpl. Webster, superintendent of immi- f£.Uion at Now York, is enforcing tho re»*<• strict! vo clauses of tho now law concerning immigrants in a way to convince tho steamboat companies that they cannot afford to disobey it. Tim representatives of those companies have virtually admitted that it is practicable for them to dotormine in tho people they bring over here; it makes some trouble to do it, but can be done. Secretary Foster and Col . Weber say that it must be done, and they intend to collect tho full penalty under the law from tho Burmuda and the Iniziatizn, whoso officers allowed immigrants to escape who were returned on board these ships to bo taken back to Italy. It will cost tho Ourgundia's owners $0,800, and those of tho hiiziutiz $900 for this carelessness or open neglect oC tho law. It is feared, however, that this undesirable class of immigrants will be sent to Canada, whence they will come across tho line practically unhindered. This is the case now to an alarming degree, and the hospitals and poor houses of New York aro said to bo burdened with sick and poor foreigners who havo reached their haven of rest in those institutions via Canada. It is a difficult thing to protect the frontier with efficient quarantine against these comers, but it must bo done if the necessary policy of exclusion is to bo effectually up- plied. Some idea of the number of immigrants who come to this country by way of Canada may be obtained from the fact that 178,921 came into Canada last year, while only 75,067 became actual settlers there, leaving over 100,000 to be accounted for. Probably most of Ihese came to tho United Sates, and there is no knowing how many of them were pau- peie or worse. LATEST NEWSJONDENSED, GENERAL tfOTES. Ex-Goy. WATERMAN of r-1ifornia died at San Diego. THE grip is causing great mortality in WestVirgma. OP the 3,834 immigrants who landed at New York city on Sunday 600 wore Italians. TUB sum of $500,0 0 in gold has been taken at the sub-tre ury for export to Berlin. JAY GOULD is worth about $150,000,000, and has two beautiful little grandchildren that he values ns highly. HinAM W. BLANCHAHD, the well known abolitionist, died at his homo in Boston, Tuesday, aged 80. Dit. JULIUS S. TAYLOII, a well-known geologist, died at Kankakee, 111. TUB discovery of a rich gold ore in the Black Hills has created considerable excitement in that region. A. FIUENDLY, a Chicago traveling man, died at Milwaukee after taking an overdose of medicine for the grip. AT the annual encampment of the G. A. It., department ofjlllinois, Horace S. Clark of Matton wat elected department commander. A I'AiiTY of American engineers loft New York Friday to survey a route for tho proposed North and South American railroad. Tina Wakefield syndicate, of Chicago has purchased tho Llano iron-coal fields in Texas for $000,000. AFTEH 155 ballots. Thomas F. Tipton was nominated for judge of McLean county, 111. THE wholesale grocers and refiners of tho United States aro said to havo formed a combino to boycot foreign refined sugar. INDIANS in Idaho have begun depredations on settlors and a general uprising is feared. SEonETAHY BLAINN has finished his reply to tho last_ note from the Italian sfovcrntnont and it has been transmitted to Rome. WAIINER MILLBH, who is at Groytown inspecting tho Nicaragua canal, is pleased with tho progress of the work and prophesies a great futnre for Central America. , FAIROIIILD & Co,., wool iner- hants of New York, it is reported have been compelled to oiler a settlement with their creditors on the basis of 50 cents on the dollar. Liabilities, $200,000. THE Now York Court of Appeals has sot aside the will of the late John Guy Vassnr, which left all his estate to various institutions, and has awarded $50,000 each to sixteen of his collateral heirs. Vassar lollego will receive about$500,000. THE Western States commercial congress assembled at Kansas City, Tuesday. Congressmen Crisp, Breckenridge, Tarns- ney, Torrey, Simpson and Davis were among those present. A STRONG flow of natural gas has been struck at Peasanton, Cal., by workmen who wore bearing a well in Odd Fellows' cemetery. The gas was struck at a depth of 100 feet. THE Colorado houae on Saturday unanimously passed the senate Dill appropriating $100,000 for making an exhibit at the world's fair. THE fact that Uncle Sam's navy needs sailors was emphasized by the discovery that three vessels of the squadron of evolution—the Chicago, Boston and Atlantic— recently grounded and were so badly clam- aged that they will have to be docked for repairs. THE jury in the $25,000 suit brought by Henry Bans, a carpenter of Wood Haven, N. Y.., ugainst Aloysius Steffens, pastor of St. Joseph's Roman catholic church in that village, for alleged alienation of his wife's affections, awarded tho plaintiff $],000 damages. FOREIGN. THE entire Portuguese cabinet has resigned. FORTY deaths a day from cholera are reported in Shim, IN a fight between the Mauipuris and British fif'tj of the former were killed, with no loss to tha British side. THE tunnel under the St. Clair river at Sarnia has boon opened for traffic. FIVE persons wore burned to death Wednesday in a fire in London. Tmo government of the Argentine republic is in bad etraith financially and is on the verge of bankruptcy, BARON GUSTAVE ROTHSCHILD has retired after losing 200,000,000 francs in speculation, THE British government is greatly dismayed it the decision of tlu house of commons against the opium traffic, not knowing how to replace tho £4,000,000 that tho abolition of tho traffic will cost. THE British steamer European, which sailed from London Friday for New Orleans, is stranded on tho rocks at Margate. It is in a precarious condition, lying with its broadside to tho sea. A lifeboat and tugs havo gone to its assistance, BRITISH troops aro advancing vapidly against Manipur and to the relief of tho garrison there. A decisive battle, in which tho Manipuris will undoubtedly be induced to entire submission to the British authorities, is expected on their arrival. UUN. FOSTER and the Spanish cabinet have arranged tho terms of a reciprocity treaty between the United States and Cuba. Tins Presse, of Vienna, says that Ger many and Austria decided to act together in lespect to commercial relations with other states. G KIP is spreading throughout the northern p.irt of England. Swral doiths, traced directly to tliut malady, have been reported. RUSSIA is reported to be making extensive war preparations, and is expending enormous sums for the construction of strategic railroads, THE efforts to re-establish the Provincial Bunk 8100,000,000 capital have not succeeded. This, together with the dissen- turns in tho Union Civica,; makes the political outlook gloomy. Gold closed at 235 per cent, premium Tuesday. RIOTING was rnnowed at Bradford Tuesday evening. The mob numbered at least 20,00 persons. The street lamps wore extinguished by the rioters. The military, police and special constables charged and dispersed the mob. Many persons were injured. COL. GEORGE W. WILLIAMS (colored), who had charge of the surveys for the Congo railroad, has written to King Leopold denouncing Henry M. Stanley. He declares that the explorer and his agents were guilty of atrocious cruelty to the native?, and that instead bf being a fertile land, ns reported by Stanley, the Congo country is little better than a desert. FIRES AND CASUALTIES. THE Cincinnati stock-yards were burned Friday night, causing a loss of $250,000. THE first spring cyclone wrecked a number of buildings near Nevada, Mo., on Friday. SEVERAL persons were fatally injured by the burning of the Paxon hotel at Omaha. HALF a dozen houses at Beatrice, Neb., were destroyed by a tornado Molida night. THE schooner Highland Mnid caught fire in the Chicago basirt Sunday and $3,000 worth of property was destroyed. THREE trainmen were killed in a railroad accident on the Maryland Central railroad near Baltimore Thursday morning, FRANK SHELPER, of Peoria, III., while testing for a leak in the gas mains, was blown clear through a heavy door and the akin and flesh on his arms was completely stripped off. BY the falling of n wall in Cincinnati Saturday, Frank Glenn, age 18, and William Gibson, a stonemason, were killed and thirteen others injured, but not seriously. THE Arcado building, the finest in Elizabeth, N. .!., burned Tuesday. It contains the postoffice, district court, First National bank and many offices. Tho loss is $500,000. WHILE twelve boys were crossing the river at St. Louis in a skiff Sunday afternoon, the current carried _ them into a strong eddy on the Illinois side; the skiff capsized, and five of them were drowned. ' THE house .of Maj. Edward Paul at Sorel, Que., was burned and his youngest daughter, 6 years of age, _ perished. Madame Paul and two other children were seriously burned, and may die. AT Gilford, Con., Mrs. Emma Leeto, aged 35 years, was trampled to death Monday afternoon by a vicious horse. She was holding the horse by the bridle when he reared and threw her to the ground. ADVICES from Port Huron, Mich., says the Grand Trunk ferry boat Hurcn has been stuck in the ice with two train loads of western-bound passengers since 10 o'clock Tuesday night. A tug boat managed, to get close enough to her Wednesday morning to deliver feed to tho half famished victims. A TEESVILLE, Mo., woman was sitting in a wagon watching her son cut down a tree. The tree fell toward the wagon and the boy called to his mother to get out of way. She seemed unabta to move. The tree crashed down just behind the wagon without touching Mrs. Trollinger, but she fell over dead. CRIME. FOUR persons escaped from Penington, S. D., county jail. Two men were fatally shot and one killed in a timber ramp near Reno, Ark., Friday. AT Cedar Rapids, la., Sunday night, John Tarket, while temporarily insane from the effects of the grippe, blew his head off with a shotgun. THE books of the Boston Water Power company show that shares amounting to $72,000 have been illegally issued by the former treasurer. THE deficit in the accounts of Page McPherson, the St. Louis defaulter, is said to be $35,000. MICHAEL Posz, ex-county treasurer of Shelbyvillo, Ind,, has been indicted on a charge of embezzling $13,000 of the county funds. MINORITY stockholders of tho Para Rubber Shoo company, of Boston, charge that its officers have been guilty of fraudulent transactions amounting to $1,000,000, and have asked for tho appointment of a receiver. JAMES H. ARNOTT, a well known citizen of Vienna, 111., was assassinated while walking along tho p blic road. Barke Stanley and his son Edward have been arrested, charged with the crime. S. It. HOWELLS, a prominent lumber- merchant of Chicago, was arrested Tuesday in tbatcity on tho charge of bribing weighmasterb at Missouri river points to make false shipping weights. TiiOuiiLE has broken out between the white and colored pupulation at Charleston, N. C., growing out of the murder of an Italian and an attempt to lynch his alleged murderers. Fears for tne safety of the city aro expressed. „ AT Peoria, III., Rufus Easton (colored) was shot five times and instantly killed at the St. Julien restaurant, on Fulton street, Thursday morning by Johnny Dettwig. Eastern had threatened' tho life of Dettwig many times, and at tho time of meeting had a butcher's cleaver under bis coat. JOE BRADUURY committed suicide Tuesday at Watson, Ark., because a widow named Winters refused to marry him. Just before he died ho confessed that about twelve years ago, when he was a boy of twelve years, hn killed his stepfather, John Posh. NICHOLS LIKHERMEYER, manager of tho Mexican International Banking company, of Juarez, was arrested at El Paso, Texas, in tho act of mailing a quantity of lottery circulars. Despite the anti-lottery act, this company has been flooding tho United States with lottery literature and in order to save postage, mailed it at El Paso. A CONSTABLE named Green was attacked by a band of saloon keepers in Burlington, Iowa, Monday morning, ^yh^Ie he was serving a warrant on a liquor seller of that city. His skull was fractured uud other serious injuries in- at Washington Oct. 12 to discuss recipro- ity. IT is thought at Washington that Mr. Edbrogke of Chicago will succeed Mr. Windrim as United States supervising architect. E. H. NKBEKER, of Indiana, has been appointed United States treasurer to succeed Ji N. Huston. THE president has recognized Li Yung Yew as counsul general of the Chinese empire at the port of San Francisco. THE amount of silver offered for sale to the treasury department Monday was 960,000 ounces and the amount purchased 252,000 ounces ar 0.98. SECRETARY PROCTOR has submitted to an interview, in which he says he has no intention of resigning, but if the Vermont senatorsbip should be offered him he would feel that it was his duty to accept. IT is now practically settled that E. H. Nebecker, of Indiana, will succeed J. N. Huston as United Slates treasurer. The former is now on his way to Washington and will have a conference with the president. THE report is confirmed that the Italian government will immediately suspend all diplomatic relations with this country unless a satisfactory reply to the last communication of that government is immediately made. A MONSTEK MOHTAB. It Weighs Fourteen Tons and Will Send a Shell Six Miles. Providence Telegram. One of the big mortars being built by the Builders', iron foundry for the United States government is finished and on exhibition at the foundry. The gun is a 12-inch breech-loading rifled mortar, 10 feet 9 inches long and about 5 feet in diameter at the largest part. Although called a mortar, it is as long as the old-fashioned guns. Tho mortar was cast in the following manner: A pit 16 feet deep and 10 feet in diameter was dug in the floor of the foundry. Into this hole an iron flask was lowered containing the dry sand mould in which the mortar was cast. The Roman principle was used in the casting The core was bored its entire lensth, and into the tunnel thus made a stream of powtuxet water vras constantly kept running through an iron pipe extending to the bottom of the core. The water rose up in the core on the outside of the water pipe and escaped through the cap of the core. About fifteen gallons a minute are used. This water aids greatly in the Cooling of the iron, and also gives the extra heat of the nieLal at the various stages of cooling. Th« water does not become as hot as tho iron, but its temperature is in certain proportion to the temperature of the iron. The iron, which is the best charcoal pig, is placed in a large furnace, about twenty- two tons of each gun, and when melted was run out through a long trough into the mould. It took about eight hours to The metal was held in the of a proper degree of heat melt the iron, furnace until and hardness. After the mortar was cast it took five or six days for it to cool. It wai then taken to the machine shop and turned on the outside and bored out. The gun as it then stood without the steel rings, which were afterward put on, was obliged to stand a pressuse of 30,000 pounds to the square inch. The mortar was then hooped with the steel rings. Two layers of these were put on. The fir?t layer consisted of seven rings 2% inches thick and 10 inches wide. The second layer consisted of six rings 2% inches thick. These riags make the mortar much stronger than would be the case had it been made of same size of solid steel without the rings. By the means of the rings the pressure is made even throughout. The rings were put on in the following manner: The mortar is placed on a carriage and run over an oven in which a fierce fire of gas is burning, brought hot to the The rings are gun and forced ZEALAND, Wash., peopln wearied of the law's delay, on Sunday forty of them entered the jail and riddled John Rose and John 1'Mwnrds with bullets. The pair hud been convicted of the cold-blooded murder of Hans Frederiokson and his wife a year ago, but had taken advantage of technicalities aud were awaiting anew trial. JESSE LOCKWOOD, aged seventy, has been afflicted with the grip, which is said to have made him temporarily insane. On Saturday last ho took a club and beat his wife severely, declaring that he was Commanded to do so by the Lord. She died Tuesday. Lockwood is said to have rung the church boll of tho Methodist 'church a few days ago, at the same time proclaiming that the Lord desired him to make a human sacrifice of life by killing his wife. WASHINGTON. on by pressure. The metal is then cooled by water, thus shrinking the rings on. The rings themselves are low steel, and are made at the Midvale Steel ^yolks in Philadelphia. They are forged in great round discs. The center is then cut out and the rings rolled between large rollers until they are of the proper thickness and diameter, then turned very carefully to the required size. The second layer is laid on tho first so as to break joints. The amount of shrinkage is calculated so as not to over- compress the bore, but; still give exterior support to the interior. After the first boring the bore was measured by a star gauge, which measured as fine as .005 of an inch. After the rings were shrunk the final boring was done iind the bore rifled; a latitude of of .003 of an inch is allowed. The breach is threaded, each alternate sixth of the threads being cut away. The breach block is made to fit into the breach, and has alternate sixths of threads. The threads of the breach block slide into the smooth sixths of the block, when it is to be used, and then turned a sixth of the way around and is so fastened. The projectile is an oblong iron shell, charged with a bursting charge of thirty pounds of powder. The projectile is propelled by a charge of eighty pounds of powder. The whole charge weighs 630 pounds and costs Uncle Sam about $65 every time it is discharged. The mortar has a range of six miles and cost about $10,000, The remainder of the mortals are ail in process of construction, and will be made exectly like the one just finished Tl-,/1 »tiiin i¥n 11 Kn n a 11 r) £m* nniicf. flrfftTlfiF The guns will be used purposes. for defense Afraid the Mule Would Laugh at him. When Enos was still a youngster, his uncle one day drove a new span of mules into the yard. As the children were standing around admiring them, one of the mules suddenly gave vent to a most terrific bray. The little fellow had never heard such a frightful sound before, and, badly scared, ran screaming into tho WHITE SLAVES OF NEWYOtt, Their Future Beingr Made Radiant by no Star, They Patiently Eudufe Their Hard Lot. Hours of Labor are Excessive, ami no • Remuneration Given Them tor Any Overtime. Faithfulness no Grutira,ntet.' of Permanent Position, Many Being Discharged After Five Years* I know of no lives so essentially heroic as those of the working girls of our great cities, who have almost nothing on the social side of life, whose very existence is bleak as winter ^n the Arctic; whose future is made radiant by no star; who, day by day, hour by hour, patiently endure the slow grinding of hopeless poverty; before whose life, dread of want, fear of sickness, and the awful blackness of (he potter's field, hang a perpetual cloud—and yet who, despite all these tragic influences than which nothing is better calculated to crush and destroy, endure their lot uncomplainingly, never swerving from the highway oJE pure, honest life, though tern- tation invite at every step. He whi feels the fire of enthusiasm swell in his breast when a life is in peril in a great fire and risks all to save a stranger, or ho who, under the intoxicating spell of battle, rushes to death at tho cannon's mouth, though brave, knows nothing_ of that sublime heroism which suffers without hope, which labors patiently on starvation wages, endures the steady strain on body, brain and soul, aud spurns^ll temptations, illustrating how strong is woman's honor, how deep-rooted in chastity is the evory fibre of her being. Much is written about reducing the time of man's daily work from ten to eight and nine hours, and this is well; but how little is written or spoken about, the hours of woman's work. Though she labors for Jess than one-half as much as man receives, she is compelled to work ten, eleven, twelve fourteen, and in very busy times frequently even longer. Legislatures which are yearly enacting numerous unjust and uncalled for laws, to please classes from which in turn favors are expected, and who trim laws to catch votes, take little interest in the wages or conditions of tho working women and girls, because they do not vote, and votes weigh far more than the great fundamental principle of justice in the estimation of f the ordinary politician. Thus are our working- girls left to the rapacity and greed of men. In the future when women shall be fully emancipated, when the great army of bread-winners will have a voice in lawmaking, and will stand side by side with man in the enjoyment of a larger freed_om and more perfect justice than she has hitherto known, we will come to appreciate the brutality of a system which insists that woman is frail, delicate, and weaker than 'men, yet demand that her day's work be far longer than the common artisan, though she receives less than half his wages. Then also we will appreciate how unhealthy is a trablic sentiment which pays homage to the men who grow rich through white slave labor; while it brands with disgrace the poor, starving girl, who finding herself confronted with starvation or sin, chooses the latter. Miss Alice S. Woodbridga, the secretary of the working women's" society of New York, after a recent tour of investigation, sums up the result of her observation, in the folio wins: words: "I found that the'hours in stores are excessive, and employees are not paid for overtime. Some stores in Grand street open at 7:30 a. m. and close at 6 p. in., with a half hour for lunch, except on Saturday when the closing hours are 10 and It p. rn. The Saturday half-holiday is not observed. In tho majority of stores all over the city saleswomen and children are kept after 6 o'clock to arrange stock, the time varying according to the season, from fifteen minutes to four hojrs nightly. For three or four weeks children remain until 11 or 12 o'clock at night without supper or extra pay, "In engaging employe the employers do not contract for a certain number of hours a day, but stipulate for such a time as the firm requires their services. Thus a child on a salary of 82 a week may be obliged to work sixteen hours a day at at certain seasons of the year and is forced to go long distances, through questionable localities late at night, and is thus, rendered liable to insult and immoral influences. "I discovered, that long and faithful service does not meet with consideration. On he contrary, service for a number of years is a reason for dismissal. It has become the rule in some stores not to keep any one more than five years, because the employers fear that employes who have served longer than that will get an idea that they have a claim on the firm and may ask for an advance of salary. I know of instances where women have been discharged for no other reason than this —the firm stated that they did not like to have women top long in their employ. A double injury is donn to these discharged women, for it is almost impossible 'for thtun to obtain employment in other houses, "The wages paid to women average between $4 £md S4.50 a week, and are often reduced by unreasonable and excessive fines. The little cash girls do not averag< $2 a week. In one largo house the average wages for saleswomen ? and cash girls is g2.40 a week. In many fashionable houses the saleswomen are not allowed to leave the counter between the hours of 11 a. m." and 8 p. m., except for The very fact that some of these women- receive partial support from their brothers and are thus enabled to live on less thait hey earn, forces other women who ha' no other support, either to suffer tor ne' .essafiea or to seek other means of sup port. Cases might be cited where frail, lelicate. women, unable to exist oh the alories they earn are forced to crime or nicide. The story of Mrs Henderson, who threw herself from an attic window if a lodging house some time ago, is the tory of many another. There have been many of s,uch instances in the last two weeks. Mrs. Henderson could not live on he salary offered her.QShe could live if he accepted the 'proposition' of her eni- iloyers. The hope of an easier life he" fear of death and the natural clinging o life, turn many working-women to the path of shame." Mrs. Woodbridge further adds "that in Paris it is an understood fact that women o are employed in shops cannot exist without assistance from other questionable sources, and," she continues, "unless lomething is done at once, this must also jecome the case in our land, where we >ride ourselves on our respect for honest ioil." Few problems transcend this ^ues- lon in vital consequences. In spite of ,he degredation of manhood, which a louble standard of morality has brought about, womanhood has as a whole re- nained pure. The fabric of femenine character has withstood in n marvelous degree the )ressure of seductive temptation. If it sver gives way, our civilization will share he fate of Greece and Rome. Justice and morality are the bed rocks upon which civilization reats; when they yield, the soul of the unfortunate nation dies.—B. 0. Flower in April Arena. AN ELEPHANT TIUNT IN SIAM. badly scared, ran screaming into u o , h d if saleswomon has a custo mei house. The next day, the mules woe hen ' the luuch hour BrrivPB she is driven out aerain: but linos retiree • to go .,, -, .„ • „„,] ,.,„;). „,, 4.1. „ „,,„_ and the Canadian governments will nice driven out again; but Enos refuse" 1 to go near, and when asked 'the reason, he replied, 'Tseso Taid Uncle David's mule will laugh at me again," Chained to Uit> JKocb. Prometheus was chained to the rock while vulture* gnawed his entrails. So are many people chained to the rock ot prejudice while all manner of violent medicines Inllict injury upon the sensitive lining ot the stomach and intestines. They are apparently immovable in the belief that to experience benefit they must keep dozing with drastic medicines. Unless the action ot these is powerful and excessive, they are not eatletlod. They would distrust a remedy of gentle action, However effective. It is not by such purblind extremists as those that the acknowledged merits of Hosteller's Stomach Bitters are recognized. That benign regulator of the stomach, the bowels and Ihe kidneys appeals to the rational—not only appeals, but la awarded a just valuation. Constlptv- „ Boii, liver complaint, dyspepsia and kidney of the United State troubles yield to lU action. Bo, also, do »»l»ri" mee ( «u\d rheviiuatlsw. is cus- is de- obliged to remain and wait on the tomer, and the time BO consumed ducted from the lunch-time. "If mistakes are made, they; are charged to the saleswomen and cash girls. General ly the delivered goods are placed in a bin and slide down to the floor below. If ti eheck is lost, the goods are charged to the saleswoman, although it may be the faull ol'thfi shipping clerk. "In some stores the fines are divided between the superintendent and time-keeper In one store where these fines amouutec to §3,000, the superintendeiit was heard to reproach the time-keeper with not being strict enough. Men's wages are very low, but it seeits that they cannot fall below the point when existence is possible. Women's wages however, have no lovr limit, since th< paths of shauie are always open to ber How Tamo Animals Are Used to Decoy the Big Game from the Jungles One scorching morning in April, 1870, a small party of Europeans left the city of , Bangkok, the present capital of the Kingdom of Siam, for Ayutlua, the old seat of rovernment, sixty miles northward up ihe iiver Menam. A hunt had been appoint- id by the King, and the elephants were to >e brought in through the country bordering the ancient ruins. On the second day we arrived at Ayu- ;hia and set up our screens and hung our mosquito bars in a sala, or rest house, by he riverside. The following morning the elephants arrived. Just outside the city, and overcooking a plain extending to the horizon, was a high platform, mounted by stone' steps, and covered with a tiled roof sup- )orted by pillars. On this, screened from he sun, and with a broad outlook over the •ice fields that had lately been shorn of iheir crop, pat a high official, his aids, few native nobles, and the foreign ^uests. «» Other spectators perched in trees _ or lound standing room wherever the view was most attractive. Immediately before ;he platform was the stockade, made by setting deep into the ground teak logs two rards m girth and twenty feet in length. These logs were so arranged as to leave- nterspuces of about one foot in width. They inclosed a half acre of level ground, ana extended out, at the side opposite thu jlatform, into a funnel-shaped entrance, . mly wide enough, where it joined : ihe stockade, for the passing of a single ilephant. Gazing far across tho stubbly plain, we saw the troop of elephants encompassed by- he many hunters who had been sent nonths before into the wilderness to en- ice the wild animals toward a rendezvous. ' The families scattered in the jungles, foraging among the luxuriant herbage, had! been separately entered by tame decoy jlephants under the direction of willy lunters and one had followed another in;o captivity. Two hundred and eighty elephants had thus been brought together.. The sound of their roaring was like that of distant thunder; and as they approach- id, the earth seemed to shake under their ;read. By a skillful .combination of leading- uid driving they were slowly urged along :oward the~stockade. Foremost were the decoys, trained to their work which they do with complicated discretion. They were ridden by experts in elephant training, and followed by the wild herds, in which were elephants of all ages. Hemming in ;he. assemblage on the sides and in the- rear, many other tamed elephants, di- •ected by their riders urged on the lag- glers into place. Occasionally a huge fellow becoming lonscious of being directed by a will not his own, would rear, trumpet a protest, bolt through the cordon of sentinels and gal- op through the diRtant,- i «'wW'»«^Rnt.J-.h/ise fugitives were quK-" )v chased by three or four trained yUasts, and were soon brought back to'"e ranks. Only one, a majestic crea** 10 . of enormous snowy tusks, distant a is pursue! s and regained - - :£b- ' , freedom in tV bus h. Photograp 1 "'' Animals Under Water. M. Marey! as succeeded in photographing the mp men ' 1 °f an animal under water, taki# P r °ofs at the rate of 50 in a second, w/ 1 exposure from 1-2000 to 1-3000 of a ec °?£' 4 set °f 12 Photographs giv/T tlle Phases of undulations which the \ eclusa impresses upon its umbrella of a ,« 0| notor apparatus. Another series exhiP a squid leaping out of the water. A:tyv, haS i beon taken in profile while wavi' the ed .ges of its flat body t and the cur 1 " 8 moi[ ® of progression of a comatulaH" 861 ?. ^ken. _ In his lecture on ca oa a4 assoc photograp port, Ct., f m an ordinary negative "by means of tjj'g^^ofhe fire-fly. ^ fVould be too Vala. Young "v"/!' wno i" °ot over anxious to capture ?« honors_in his school, and who does n P 6ll eve in too close application to stut ln some manner reached the head of hir ass - "Thatipy go, 0 ,* 1 ' said his father, >nd 1 hc,y? u Wl11 re tain thai position in your cl'j "No, u, cleTar , P a l 1a - that will not do;. I kuowmy tj A 15110 ^ that if I was to retain tliat 0 , 8 , 1 ^ 1011 ,, 1 would become too vain for ammeraiid Needles. -A.3 b lm , er aud needle party" is the entertaif 1 ™ a country social club invented \ ot . her day- Each lady was requested, , n ,. g aneedle > a spool'of thread - OQ .il buttons, andeno.li o-nnfla.i.o,, 0 qus ,, , rea and se- 1 ' ^"ttons and each gentleman a hamnj Wf en all the materials were on the t?> e . ach lad y, Picked out a hammer and ' ,p ven a . block and sgme nails. Eac vntleinan chose sewing materials and, ons ' aud tne contests began. The ladi irov f, a . 8inan y nails in their blocks , could in five minutes and the gen- fuu>ewedon as inany_ buttons as provoked.
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