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THE OTPEK t>£S MOINES, ALGONA, tnWA. Wtit)NESDAY, JUNE 8,1892. A FAMOUS AFMIR OF HONOR, Virginian* Still Talk or |!IL- I>nt-l thiU Coit John R. Mordoral Hi* T.lfe. Mrs. Phillip Haxall died in Rich- tnond. Va., recently. She was, before her fnjirrianre. Miss Mary Triplett, a reigning (.wilt 1 iu Virginia in the early Seventies,and was innocently the cavse of the bloodiest duel of modern times in the State of Virginia—that between Page McCarty and "John B. Mordecni —which was fought in May, 1873. and Which resulted in the death of Mordecai and the desperate wounding of McCarty. McCarty had been engaged to Miss Triplctt, but the engagement had been broken off. In February, 1873, a ger- mau was given by the Richmond Club, one of the mos.t exclusive social organizations in the city. McCarty and his former fiance were placed vis-a-vis in •one of the figures, and as the only alternatives were for them to make a •eci'iio or dance, they danced. There was some talk about the matter among their friends, which was increased when a few days later there appeared in one of the local pa- ,pers a little poem. In discussing this effusion at the Richmond Club the suggestion was made that McCarty was the author and that he referred to'Miss Triplett. Mor- •deoai said that if this was the case the author was "a poltroon, a coward, and » scoundrel." It was not for severaljdays that this remark reached- Mc.Carly's <jars, and then it was coupled with reflections on his courage in not having taken it up sooner. Ho at once sent •a note to Mordecai, announcing that be was the author of the poem, that there was no intention in it to reflect on Miss Triplett, and demanding a retraction of. the offensive remark. The retraction was not forthcoming -and arrangements were made for a duel. The police got wind of the affair, however, the principals were ar- Tested, and finally a court of honor drew up a "cartel of truce,"which both THOU signed, agreeing to let the mat; ter rest, and providing that under no •circumstances should either man speak to or in any way recognize the other. They lived up to the cartel until May 6. On that day McCarty was in the .billiard room of the club-house play- dug billiards with a friend. The subject of his troubk* with Mordecai came wp, and he said that there had been a good dual of gossip about the affair, and that in future he should hold to a strict accountability anybody who .trilled with his good name. W'hile he was talking Mordecai came -into the room. He overheard a part of Mc- <Jarty's remarks, and, walking up to jjim, asked: •"Are t.'ioso remarks meant for me, "And who are you, sir?" asked McCarty, sneering!)-. . u l'"m a gentleman, sir," came the .•n'.iswcr, in a voice trembling with pas- "Ah!" returned McCarty, contcnipt- •• uonsly. The insulting tone was too much for Mordecai, and he floored Mi-Carty •with a heavy blow in tin- face. He was a much heavier man than his opponent-,.and in the light which follow- tiu McCarty got much the worst of it, atnd was so badly used up that he was confined to his bed for several days. Moth men came of lighting stock, wore iu the highest class of Virginia society, IUK! after such an affair a duel was ab; .'-it»luti)ly necessary in the then condi- ••'Uun of Richmond society. VVhilo ho was confined to his room McCarty expressed to his mother the i'ear that his friends might not IIP willing to carry bis challenge. "Do not let, that worry you, my son," said the Virginia matron. "If they will not 1 carry it 1 will." This wan not uoces- "isnry, however, for when Col. W. B. "Tabb was called in he readily agreed ito take to arrange for tho mooting on Ibehalfof McCarty. John S. Meredith was associated with him, and William K. Uoyall and \V. R. Trigg acted in bo- Jbalf oi' Mui'dec.;!. The i'i'oim.l chosen was near Oakwood Cemetery, and the men wore to light with navy revolvers at ten paces. Early on the morning of May 9, 1873, tiio party, accompanied by Drs. Huntor MeGuiro, who had been Stonewall .Jackson's '.medical director, and J. S. D. Cullon, who had filled the same position on Longstroot's staff, appeared •on the duelling ground. At the first iHhot both missed, and Col. Tabb asked McCarthy if ho was satisfied. "No, I'want another shot," came the .quick response. At tho second shot both men fell, McCarthy with a ball in the leg and Mordecai with a bullet through the stomach. Heforo this smoke clearer «way Chief of Police Poo camo up or tho gallop. Ho was only in time ti put the seconds under arrest and as .sistj in taking the wounded men houm The principals wore taken lo tbei homos and a fovv days later Mordcca died from tho effects of his wound. 'The seconds were ju jail for sovera •weeks and a guard was placed ovm McCarthy until ho recovered sulli tieutly to stand trial. He was fount guilty of involuntary niauslaughlu; and lined $600, Tho affair created in tense excitement in Virginia and the position of Miss Triplotl was extreme ly uncomfortable. Some time afte: the duol she married Mr. Philip llax wll and lived happily with him.— 1'hil adelpliiu, Telegraph, SURE DEATH FOR BOTH. .A CliulliMi^o Thul. I'rovi-d I lie Mild Voiin Timilm fool it IVIuu of Nerve. was not to !«• mughe;l at. He \VaSj to fsc "-emi-fldnTiref?. an Hnlinrtwn quantity, a'nd whiln Ihny wore all anxious for some op;»«rttmi1 y to present itself in which he would show what he was made of. yet not on« of them cared to furnish the looked for chance. "The man who did the snarling was. perhaps, the- only man in the select (jue that hung around the saloon where the quarrel finally materialized who did not believe tliat the tender- wit had any nerve, and he never missed an opportunity to intimate as much. On the night in question the .wo men had been unusuallv spite- 'ul.'and it was a cinch that there ivould be trouble before the daylighf jroke in. "Finally the old-timer made a remark to the other that there was no mistaking. It meant business. The young fellow heard it. and, without noving a hand, announced to the other that he hail heard the remark and hat he had a proposition to make. Die crowd was in the right humor ind the boy was allowed to go on. "He said that he was a tenderfoot, le was aware of it, he declared, and in felt sorry, but he also said that if he other would give him a fair show ie would fight -him. Then he made vhnt was considered a remarkable imposition. He asked hia antagonist o lay aside hi.s gear, to make no plays, jut to issue him a challenge to battle 'oval. He had, he said, conscientious cruples against being the aggressor n a quarrel, but he was perfectly wiling to do the square thing when the howdown came. "Well, after much parley the big ellow agreed to the deal and'the chal- enge was issued. The boy at once accepted it, named guns as'the weaning, the place the saloon and the time •ight then. But his condition under vhich the. duel was to be fought was he remarkable part of it. He insisted hat he and his opponent should stand ace to face, with the toes of their ight boots touching. Their guns vere te be in their Ijelts, and at the vord they were to draw and lire. Tlfcre ould be only one result. It was a aring proposal, but whether it was a IulT or not was never known. The ither crawfished, bought all the liquor in hand and apologized, and the-out- ome of it was that the two men bei ame partners. Bui nobody in Dead- vood over intimated, again that the 'oiing follow was lackii^ in nerve. He bowed that he had something about iim."—C'/iicaffo Inter-Ocean. THE TRIUMPH WAS HERS. "I once saw a challenge to a duel is sued and accepted and the time, place and weapons nominated. Thu afl'aii however, did not come to any issue. The speaker was "Dan Quinn," th well-known writer of wild wool! Western character and dialect slorio "It was in Dead wood," said "about eight years ago, and the tw men who were to have been tho pai ticipants had been snarling at ( other for many days. One of them was a young, consumptive looking fol low from somewhere Kast, and, o course, was held in much contempt b; tho old-timers. In some indolinabl way, however, many of these seomei to htivo a kind of respect for him, a ou one or two ofeasious ho had givei ovidouco that norhaps, after all h he lieu When .She Had Xiulo' tlci-Kolf IJcuu the FiremcMi Carried Her Down. She looked very bewitching, stand- ng there before the mirror, in her ball Iressof soft, white, clinging stuff. A ovcly woman was she, and. the stoniest of cynics could not blame her. for smiling in admiration of hoi 1 own jeaiity reflected back to her in tho tolisbed glass.. As she lingered thus .here was a.suijdcn movement of feet in the hall below. She listened. "Charley mustn't get impatient," she murmured. "I shall not be ready any sooner." With a pull' in hand she was enhancing by a deft touch here anil there the alabaster whiteness" of the glorious complexion. A knock sounded at the door. "In a minute," she sweetly observed. "Tell Charley I'll be .ready in just a minute.". She was playing tho puff with the most engaging deliberation. The knock was repeated louder than before.' "Run for your life!" roared a rough voice through tho keyhole, "the house is on fire!" . She was looking archly over her shoulders to gain a side view of her queenly figure. "In a minute," she softly replied. One of the golden tresses had escaped from the restraining pins, and hung mockingly beside the shell-like car. "Dear me," she exclaimed petulantly, "it does seem as if something must be wrong all the time." In readjusting her coitl'ure she dislodged some of tho powder from her glorious cheek. "Plague take it! I shan't " "Fire! Fire!" rang the distracted shouts through the whole house. "In a minute, I sity. 1 do wish they would bo a little more patient." Presently the damask of the fair countenance was restored. "Break down the. door!" It seemed as if many, noisy men wore gathered at tho very threshold of her boudoir. ' "I'll be read}" iu a minute," she called, in duloot tones—tones that nature makes sweetest and places in the throat of woman. "The lire is right under you." "I'm coming directly." With a last smiling glance at the counterfoil of her beautiful self, she carelessly throw a cloak about her snowy shoulders and opened the door. "I am ready." They wore obliged, the stairway being burned, to carry her down a ladder, but tho triumph was hers. Noil hoi man nor tho elements could make her hurry at her toilet.— Detroit Tribune, Destitute. "What bo you after now, Sam'l Pay- sou?" inquired a brisk and thrifty Vermont farmer of a shiftless neighbor, who came shuffling across tho baruvard one morning with as much of a business-like air as he was able to assume. "1 jest wanted t'know," replied the amiable Sam'l, with his usual vacillating smile. "I'm tryin' t' fix the place up a little, 'gainst some vist'lors we've got coinin', an' I jest wanted I' know if so bo't- you c'd give me an empty barr'l o' flour t' make a hen coop, t' put a pig in, for I ain't got uolhin' at till t' put nolhin 1 at all into!"— YouWs \ Camels aiul A oainol of the largest size has been kuowiVto drink from thirty to lifty guUonsXfUid then travel without water for twenty days. The water re mains pur^, and numerous instances are on reooial in which human life has boon savoM in the desert by killing a camel and usjng the water froui i stomach. •Otfier-Pshts" Dodge Didn't Go. A rough-dressed man with his sleeve? rolled up and grime on his face rushed into the only saloon in a ranch settlement in Texas and excited- exclaimed, with his eyes fairly starting from his head: "For "God's sake, bartender, give me i lot of whisky to drink! I've been bitten by a scorpion." "Gracious' is that so?" said the bartender, sizing him up without anv excitement. "Where did it happen?" "1 belong to the bridge gang down icre and it crawled out from under a leavy piece of timber. But for heaven's sake hurry up Or I'll die." "Yes, the dern things usuallv stay n such places," said the saloonkeeper sadly, as though he regretted not earning something new. "Where did it bite you?" On the wrist," exclaimed the man, now nearly in a frenzy. "But Til die right before your eyes if you don't jive me that whisky." "Is the sun shining?" calmly qtier- .ed the saloonkeeper, as he looked out of the door. "Yes it is. Well, the jite is not nearly so bad when the sun s shining. -Don't suppose you have any money?" "Good heavens, would you let a roan lie of a scorpion bile ju'st because li,e has no money?" cried' the man, with misery in every feature. "My money s iu my other pants at the car." "Guess you'd better go back and get your other pants," said the saloonkeeper, and the scorpion-bite man out saying many ugly things, while the hard-hearted man e'xplaincd: " 'Spect I'll make a mistake some of these days and some fellow will die on :hf floor in front of the bar. But :hey come in too regular with snake, :arantula and scorpion bites and none lave died yet. Guess I'll lake a few more 'chances."— Detroit News. Poison fn «Jie Air. A new poison has been discovered lv, the smoke which surrounds factory towns and cities and the danger from breathing this is not inconsiderable. A .art of the smoke that goes into the air from burning coal is arsonious and mixed with carbon. Coal differs in the amount of impure matter which it throws olT, but it is estimated that one ton of ordinary coat burns oil about twenty to thirty pounds, of sulphur. This sulphur is transformed into sixt3' pounds of sulphuric acid, which leaves stains upon all marble 'iiiildings and statuary. Along 'with this sulphuric acid a great amount of arsenioiis acid goes and the two breathed into the lungs continually act as a strong poison. Next to this active poison the soot in the air makes 'aetory towns unhealthful to live in. An examination of the amount of soot which was deposited in London recently showed that on an average 1,000 tons were deposited over the city every ton days. The amount of carbonaceous and other particles deposited ipou glass bouses is a good indication if what the atmosphere contains. In most cities whore factories are located .he glass roofs of bouses and the win- iow^ianes have to be washed and swept every few days to keep the soot from blackening them. When all of rhia material is floating' around in the lir it cannot be wondered at that weak ind poor health are noticeable among the inhabitants. Science has yet to discover means to collect and hold this iinoke and soot as it comes out of the idiimueys.— Spare Moments. They Believe iu Witches. Knar Kiegolsville and across the Delaware river from Phillipsburg, N. J., in Pennsylvania, live several farmers of Swedish and German descent who are believers in witchcraft. When any of their cattle rile, or the milk fails to make tho desired quantity and quality of butter, or an accident bo- fnlls a member of tho family, tho fault is charged directly to unknown witches, whoso displeasure has been incurred. So linn are the farmers in their belief in witches that they have adopted a method by which they hope to prevent their visitation and to neutralize their evil iniluenco. It consists of the following letters and characters: i | '/TxiX.xKxYx | ; . What they signify is a mystery to all but those who 'iave full insight into tho "code." I'heso characters are written on small 'trips of white paper with red ink, 'nine say blood, and placed above •vei". iinor aiul over ev.UT j;:ilc ou tho i-eniist'S. WhuriM'cr these bits ol pa- :-r ;in j placed, according, to their beef, the witches cannot enter. A not her method adopted by some of u- more ignorant is to kill a black it, cut its skin into strips and tack '.est;»;i thi.'.segaU-s and duni's, through i.ich I'll- *;;.>.";•.•..'iiinii.s farmers sol- .o I'-.'ii s'-i'rit ei'M pass.—• GUARDING AGAINST BULL DOCS. If They Cutch Hold of a Mini They Are There lor Keeps, Bull dogs are at one and the same time tho most affectionate and ferocious of animals. • One of tho species will guard with its life tho person or property of its master from either actual or fancied danger. This last quality has lod to some very unfortunate affairs which might have been prevented by proper care or knowledge of tho creature's habits. Such an instance occurred in Brooklyn recently. A gcnlleniaii owning a line bull (log invited a friend to inspect him. Tin 1 two proceeded to tho carriage house, the doj; was released and his line points admired. Wearied of this, the friend espying a sot of boxing gloves invited the'host to a friendly set-to. The. challenge was accepted, tho gloves wore donnod and the two men raised their hands in tho attitude of defense. The stranger lod for his opponent's face. Scarcely had his arm shot out when tho bull dog, suspecting clangor, sprang quick as a flash and buried his teeth in the man's forearm. There is a tradition, and it seems well borne out in fact, that when a bull dog once fastens his teeth iu either man or beast liis jaws'Jock anil they can be scarcely pried apaj^ with an instrument. Such w«.s v fcho case with this particu- lar bull dog. No amount of coaxirtg or beating had any effect upon the brute. The nian suffered excruciat' inf atfony.but it was not until a heated iron was applied to the dog that he could be forced to relinquish his hold. The brute was killed.the man's wounds were cauterized,but unfortunately the use of his arm was impaired by the m- jurv and is to this day. This stnrv-was rclalcd to a breeder of bull dogs recently, and the question was asked him what a man was to do in case of an attack from a bull dog. He replied as follows: "A bull dog gives little warning of an attack, but he always jumps high. That is one good point to remember. If a man knows that he is to approach a strange dog he should provide himself with a newspaper and matches. A bit of blazing paper thrust in the face of a bull dog will make him jump through a plate glass window. "If a dog springs for a mau the latter should guard his face with his arm and try to meet the animal with his forearm. With the right hand he should attempt to catch one of the animal's front paws. The paw of a bull dog is ultra sensitive, it' it can be caught, a vigorous squeeze will make the animal howl for mercy and retire discomfited. The quickest way to release a person from the jaws of a bull dog, if he is unfortunate enough to be bitten, is by catching the dog's hind paw, in the center of which is an exceedingly tender spot called the heart. This should be pressed, or, even better, the paw taken into the mouth and bitten with the teeth. The dog will relinquish the hold at once. It is a desperate remedy, but a sure one, and one that is resorted to by the professional dog lighters."— N. Y. Herald. WISHED TO BE POLITE. But He Could Not Impress the Pretty Blonde Girl on tho Boat. She wasastunner, and as she swung into the well-lilled bridge car every man in the car felt in duty bound to keep his seat, in order to have a better view of her exceedingly attractive face, says an exchange.- She moved on through the car until, she reached the center, then she paused and glided gracefully into the space occupied by the sliding doors in the side, and, leaning her splendid self languidly against the glass, gazed in a dreamy, far-away fashion at the grayish-blue river,with its ever-changing panorama of moving vessels, with their puffing smokestacks and flapping sails. The car had begun to travel on its way to Now York, when a small man, who looked as though he might have been a very much married man and a much more henpecked husband, and who occupied the end seat near where the divinity was leaning against tho door so gracefully, noticed the interested glances of the other male passengers, and looking up quickly from his oaoer became suddonb' aware that. a_very pretty woman, was, as it were, on exhibition, and also that ho was, to use a slang expression, "not h; it," as he had to almost twist, his neck out of joint in order to catch even a fleeting glimpse of her. Accordingly the small, henpecked- looking man determined to bo polite, in order to obtain a position where he could enjoy an uninterrupted view of the vision of female loveliness; so he stood up, and reaching over touched tho statuesque blonde gentle on the left arm. She never moved; it would seem that tho panorama on tho river had so chained her attention that the more offer of a seat was a matter so trivial that it did not rouse her. The little man looked confused, but thinking he had probably touched her arm too~lightly, he laid his hand more heavily upon the fair one's wrist, in order to call her attention to the fact that she could sit, instead of remain standing, for the three minutes of time which would elapse before tho car reached the New York side, as the train had by this time traveled almost half tho distance. But the fair maid kept her eyes fixed firmly upon a ferryboat which was wending its old-fashioned, weary way across tho river, and paid no more attention to the little mother-in-law- looking man than if ho had been at the north pole. The undersized individual, however, was not to bo ignored; he had made up his mind to give up his seat, after duo deliberation,and no six-foot blonde, however, beautiful, could freeze him out of his polite purpose. His face was a picture of determination of the now-or-nevor sort, as ho reached over once more and took a firm grip on the young woman's forearm at a point about midway between the wrist and the olhow. As he did so an ashy pallor overspread his face, which was quickly'fol- io we 1 by beet-like redness, and tho little man, dropping tho arm, made his way to the door, followed by the smiles of the rest of the passengers, who enjoyed his discomfiture immensely. The pretty girl remained standing until tho door was opened on the Now York side, when she walked out with the rest of the passengers. As she moved along she swung her loft arm in a careless way and. as the knowing passengers heard tho joints in that artificial member squeak tho realized whj the little man had failed to make any impression upon its otherwise stunning owner. hooked Confused. ANCIEN? RESERVOIRS IN AFRICA. Kcninins of the Old System of Romnn I*- rlg-ntlon Works. Mother (in her daughter's boudoir) — I like that young man exceedingly. While ho was in tho parlor waitiiiLr°for you, 1 happened logo in, and surprised him reading the Bible. The silly Wuy looked dreadfully confused, just as if true piety woro something to bo ashamed of. 1 soon sot his mind ai rest ou I hat point, and ho seemed quite relieved. ' Tho young man (at the club)— That girl is ' thirty years old. 1 saw it iu their faniily'Biblo.— A'. 1'. Weekl. Rene cle la Blanchere, who has twelve years to the study of Roman. antiquities in North Africa, has just made a report to the French Scientific Societv on the means employed by the Romans to enable North Africa to sustain a very large population. The o-reat difficulty was in sustaining the productiveness of the soil on account of the very unequal distribution of the rains, the'country being almost wholly without precipitation for months_every year. In order to remedy the inconvenience of the torrential period, when the country was flooded, and of the subsequent drought for live months, the Romans covered their African provinces with a net-work of hyclraulfc structures. The principle which guided the con '.ruction of thes • works was that the water should nut be left to itself, but that all should be controlled for the common good. From the summit oi' liic mountains to the sea all the rain that: fell was seized upon, led hero and thei'e in channels, and disiributed over the fields. Iu the smallest mountain ravines stone dams were built lo retain the water. In the valleys other dams arrested its progress down stream. By that means the Romans prevented great floods descending the mountains at the time of heavy rams and retained a large part of the '.precipitation in the higher reservoirs until such time as the water thus preserved was needed. At the entrance to each large valley was a system of works which assured not only the watering of that immediate, region but conducted flowing streams through many channels, so that the surrounding earth could absorb what was required. At the entrance of each large stream on a plain a dam was built, generally to retain the waters and prevent their sudden invasion of the plain before they were required. The system of water reservoirs and irrigation channels was established over Roman Africa, and in all parts of the country the remains of the expensive works may be found. The Romans were centuries in reaching: tlu-ir system of water control and supply." The works were in their period of highest usefulness about the third century of our area. The civil and religious wars that occurred later led to their decadence, "and finally, the Aral) invasion, together with Ihe deforest in tt of large parts of the country, completed the work of destruction. A Turkish Press Ordinance. Look how careful the sultan is to supply tho city of (Joii'staiuiuople, his imperial residence, with reliable and instructive news. His government has just issued the following instructions to, editors and printers of newspapers: 1. Give preference to all news regarding the health of the emperor and his family, the condition of agriculture and the progress of industry and com- inerte. 2. No novels must be published that have not been approved by the minister of education and guardian of public morals. 3. Long literary and scientific articles must be avoided. The words ''to be continued" must not be used, as they excite too groat expectations. 4. Loads and pointed Hues must not bo used, as they produce offensive suppositions and irritations and may be mistaken as equivocations concerning his imperial majesty. 5. Carefully avoid the names of prominent people. Should a govornor or an inferior olliceholder be accused of theft, embezzlement, manslaughter or other crimes the event must either bo suppressed or represented as not proven. (i. It is absoluiely prohibited to publish petitions regarding abuses of the administration. 7. It is not allowed to report attempts of murder against princes or riots in foreign countries, the knowledge of such events being not profitable to our loyal and peaceful people. 8. These new instructions shall not be published in your paper as it might oause dissatisfied men to pass evU criticism ami remarks concerning them. fa A. Temperance Promoter. One afternoon akin 1 4 o'clock a gentleman with a rumpled tie and a glazed optic entered a certain Ann street saloon and called for a palate agitator with a little absinthe in it. Then he rested both elbows wearily on the bar. Its top was of glass, laid upon some dark green material, Thoinobriatod.oue began to spin a penny upon if, Suddenly a snake-like head evolved itself from tho dark greon below the glass, two fishy eyes mot those of the inebriate, and then tho head slowly faded back into the greon. This apparition was followed by a second something with a dozen or so of legs that bobbed into view several times and vanished quite as thorou"-li- ly^as its predecessor. ° The man stood spinnino- tho penny and covertly pinching himself- Suddenly a ten-inch alligator ma- bu - low tho glass and the maa It is said that the human mouth is surely but steadily moving toward the loft of tho faco, owing to tho tendency to chow with tho teeth of the left law. With a wiggle of its tail it disappeared. So did tho man. "Gee," said the bartender, as the in- o '"ate slammed tho door behind him them aquarium bars is tough ou jaga. —A. j, (Juminarulul. Was Columbus a Pirate? The Sunday school idea of Christo- plan- Columbus has recently suffered considerable mutilation. The fact vnat wo are soon to celebrate tho 400th anmvorsary of tho discovery of Amor- ica has naturally sot the historians frosh upon tho trail of the great d is- oovorer. Now sources of historical h- formation have boon found in the archives of Europe; and in "t cad of be! mg a saintly individual, who proceed. ed to discover this country nn the most arove Sunday school In the next, it- has been shown con n clusively that he was ;i ptrate.and that he belonged to one of. Hie most mere! U?ss bands Unit nv t -r scuttled n shin" Later oil in lift! Columbus was shitu wrecked on the siircvs of Spain,. ai |j ho was imjiiceil by circumstances to give up his i-.iratical profession and marry. It is lively i.'hartro:! that j the New World he pluu.'lcrcd the' Ind- inns in order to' satisfy the rapacity of his patrons in Spain, and ho also became a slave t radon In short Colunt bus was tile product of his than, and not much better or worse than 't|, e rest of his contemporaries. The attempt of one of his critics Mr. Justin Winsor, to make him out a mean-spirited creature, however* falls entirely to the ground. The man who conceived the bold project of sailing round the world of waters, penetratinS that mysterious and illimitable ocean" and continuing until he came to India on the other side, was no coward. It was the most adventurous conception that has in all the centuries dawned upon the mind of man, and it will f or . ever ' vindicate Columbus from the charge of a craven spirit. No matter how many dark crimes lie was engaged in in that dark age. no matter now many Indians he sold into captivity, that splendid dream of adventure! which resulted in the discovery O f America, will always entitle him lobe ranked among the world's* greatest men. — Mcmj>!its Appcul- Avalanche, Snakes KSI Objects or Veneration. The siiake is an object of great respect among all uncivilized peoples; and the deadlier his power, the deeper the reverence lor him. The Pueblos often protect in their houses an esteemed and harmless serpent— about live or six feel, long- -as a mouse-trap; and these quiet mousr>rs keep down the little pests much more effectively than a cat, for they can follow shce-nt- dc/i to the ultimate corner of his Ivok Hut while all snakes are to be treated well, the Pueblo holds the rattlesnake actually sacred. It is, except the pichucualc (a real asp), the only venomous reptile in the Southwest, and the only one dignified by a plaeo among the "Trues." The cli'-ali-ruh- rah-deh is not really worshiped by the Pueblos, but they believe it one of the sacred animals which are useful to the Trues, and ascribe to it wonderful powers. Up to a generation ago it played in the marvelous and dillicult superstitions of this people a raucli more important part than it does now; and every Pueblo town used to maintain a huge rattlesnake, which was kept in a sacred room, and with great solemnity 1'ed once a year. My own pueblo of Islcta used to support a sacred rattler in the volcanic caves o( the Cerro del Aire, but it escaped fivt years ago. and the patient search ol the otlieials failed to recover it. Very truthful old men here have told me that it was nearly as largo around as my body; and 1 can believe it witli just a little allowance, for 1 myself have seen one here as large as the thickest part of my leg. This snake-lending has died out in nearly- — and now, perhaps, in quit-call the New Mexican pueblos; bat the curious trait still survives in the towns of Moqui. Every second year, when the August- moon reaches a curtain stage (in 1891 it occurred on the 21), the wonderful ceremony of the snake- dance is performed; and the few white men who have witnessed these weird rites will never forget them. — C. t\ Lummis, in Sl..J^ie/tututi. Judging a Girl by What Slic-jICats. There is just as great an opportunity, if not greater, to judge a woman's! social standing by the meals she enjoys when in a public eat'.ug-placo as if you undertook to arrive at the same conclusion through the medium of her dress. Fashions in eating change as' well as in everything else. The quiet. well groomed girl hi the cloth suit and plain little jacket who is pulling away two great slices of uiulenlone beef with evident relish is the society girl par excellence of to-day. She bo- longs to the very elect, 'the circle wherein physical training has become a wise and healthful fad and the roast boot' and lino complexion is the result. At another table- ;» girl who has not the opportunities of her more favored sister to indulge in foio gras, icos and champagnes every evening, is doing justice to salads, 'ices and olives witn a rare appreciation of each one, Hoast beef she has in plenty every day of her life, but it is not often she can indulge in dishes she knows tho name of but seldom has an opportunity of tasting. She belongs to tho upper middle class, as they say in England. _ In a corner shut out from observation but where she may see and he!" 1 all that goes on, the shy country mouse in antiquated linory takes a sandwich' and ice-croam, tho two being the onlf things she is quite sure of on tho bill of t&r&.—PliHitdclphiu, Times. Watering the Desert. The desert shall blossom like a garden. If the civil engineer Holland is right this prophecy is near fulfilment. Holland has submitted a report to the Academy of Franco upon waters found under ground iu the Sahara. His examination of tho ground was confined to the region about the oasis of EJ Galeah, and proved so rich a supply 0 ' water that he. believes the whole desert can bo converted into a network ol fertile oases. He is at present engage" in preparing a chart and a description of tho rogion which will indicate the spots where an artesian boring is, i» his estimation, certain to bring a voluminous jut of water to tlty surface, Such a creation of new wells the people inhabiting tho vast desert »'i look upon as a miracle, and they «'ll bo prepared to bow down before aW acknowledge tho supremacy of t»«. workers of such miracles. In otw-. words the execution of the scheme ot M. Holland will do more to conquer the dosort for France than any tiiio or warlike expeditious over eo have done, , u» Tho total sheep slock iu Great, ain at the end of last year excoudoa &>J' S,OC)0,<XKJ bond tho flocks of twj'ffij ago, and by moro than 4,000 flocks of 1881.