The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 15, 1891 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Wednesday, April 15, 1891
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THE DES MOINES: ALGOKA, IOWA, * ' . - .- - - ,._ ______ __ . „__ . ^ _. t _ . ' . 7 AMIL 16, 189L .. ' The Upper Des BY INGHAM & WARREN. Terms of the Upper l)c» Molrtes: One copy, one year $i.so One copy, Rlx months...; 75 One copy,, three months 40 Sent to any address at above rates. Homlt by draft, money order, express order, orpostal note lit ottrrisk. Rates of advertising sent on application. AKTIOH MAY. The most attractive, most original, and most valuable leaflet yet issued by the state superintendent, is the " Forest festival of Song and Sentiment" for use on the day set apart by the public schools as Arbor Day. It is difficult to speak in too high terms of praise of this beautiful product of Iowa's finest literary talent, of of Superintendent Sabin's earnest and untiring labors in behalf of beautifying our public school grounds. The leaflet is filled with gems of prose and poetry. It is a credit to those whoso thought and litomry skill it exhibits. It is a credit to Iowa, to Mr. Sabin, to the public schools, and it calls for a united and enthusiastic Celebration of the day it commemorates. Arbor Day comes April 24, a week from next Friday. In our rather tree- loss northwest it should bo observed by plentiful tree planting. There is education In beautiful school grounds. There is stupidity and lack of Interest where unpaintcd buildings survey barren prairies. Much has been done in previous years in KoBsuth to got trcon .about our school houses, but not half enough. And when the simple shade trees have been supplied there is still infinite room for fruit trees, shrubs, und Jlowors. Arbor Day should for many years bo celebrated hero more zealously than oven our national holidays. ^ on the continent will materially assist all in forming correct conclusions on questions of national policy. Both as to foreign immigration and tho maintenance of American wages, opinion must depend almost entirely on the actual conditions in foreign countries. No one can read this article and not see clearly tho difference between the free admission of tho German and Swiss immigrants and the free admission of tho Italians and others of their kind. As to wages Mr. Schafftor does not attempt to go into details. But his descriptions show conclusively that even in the thrifty parts of Europe tho laboring classes do with less, expect less, and get less for tho samo work than they do here. This being so it becomes evident that in open competition either the employers of American labor must lose, or American labor must come to 'the European level—that is in competition where freight does not become a too>important item of expense. Mr, Schafft- or'u letter is written with the pleasing literary skill which has characterized all his letters of travel, and will bo -on- joyed by our readers aside 'from tho questions ho discussos. LABOE ON THE CONTINENT, Some Account of Its Condition and How It is Paid—Germany a Land of No-Poverty, What the American Traveler Sees, and How Artistically He is Swindled —Some Grave Abuses. SUNA'J'OH FUNK'S OAltU. In the last issue of the Spirit Lake Beacon, Senator Funk addresses the following to the republicans of the Forty-seventh senatorial district: "I am not a candidate for ro-olcction to the Iowa somite. Having boon so generously nominated, so handsomely elected, and BO cordially sustained during my career in ofllco, I can easily afford to dual frankly with iny political friends and the entire district. Profoundly grateful for favors uud courtesies bestowed, I am respectfully yours, A. B. FUNK." Coming unexpectedly as this announcement does it will occasion general surprise, and wo venture to say regret. Senator Funk- has served this district with great credit during his •first term, and is now doubly qualified for able and efficient work. Ho has proved himself modest, thoroughly free Jrom political small? cunning, courageous in his opinions, genial in manner. Those qualities wear well and have gained increasing respect and confidence for our member, and likewise increasing influence with his brother senators. What effect his withdrawal may have in senatorial politics remains to foe scon, but stranger things have happened than that the district should disregard this notice. .'Senator Funk may refuse to bo a voluntary candidate, but ho cannot prevent the district from selecting him if it chooses. The latest news of Spanish reciprocity is contained in this dispatch from Madrid: "At the cabinet council todny Premier Castillo informed the quoon.ho had settled with General Foster tile principal points of a reciprocity treaty witlh America affecting Cuba, and ho hoped a treaty of reciprocity between Spain and America might bo negotiated later. General Foster will leave Madrid next week." Gon. Palmer's presidential boom cnmo down like a stick in the Chicago election. The man who couldn't help the democratic nominee in a democratic city to much more than one-fourth the votes, will never grace a national ticket. If "Uncle Horace" should moot a similar fate this fall the west will bo looking for now timber among the democracy. The Register says THE UPPER DES was mistaken in saying that R. P. Clarkson is going to Europe, and adds: '•It. P. Clarkson will not go to Europe until after Iowa has gained 50,000 republican majority. Tho winter of 1802-03 will bo ample timo to suit his convenience for going abroad." P. T. Barnum, the great showman Just deceased, and one of thofgoniuses of his ago, said ho had two rules of life. One was strict abstinence from liquor of all kinds. Tho other way "To lovo God and bo merry." The Iowa Homestead has a vigorous article on tho southern farmers' alliance, in which it denounces that organization. Tho Homestead is spokesman for the Iowa alliance. THIS 13AGLK SCHEAMS. Rumors are still current that Italy is irritated over tho Now Orleans business. They have given Elaine a few days to answer, and if he fails they threaten to wash their hands of us entirely. It is said that they are particularly irritated at tho tone of the American press. They do not like tho ri- Imldry of such poems as tho following from the Now York Sun: I am the American Eagle, And my wings llivp together. Likewise, I roost high. Anil I out bananas raw. Homo may alt ou her Seven hills anil howl, ,,H«t she cannot Sit on me! Will Mho pleusn put that ». In her organ anil grlml It? wouU 1 am -mostly a bin! of peace, " " r1 "* was born without tueth, southern hoiJ.talouH, geologists upon gropi wu 'd * llso tlio Rocky mountains r As whotstonus to sharpen them on. •»' I never cackle till I Lay an egg; Ami i point with prlile To thu eggs rvo laid In the last hundred years or so. I'm game from The point of my beak To the star-spangled tip Of my tall feathurs, And whim I begin To scratch gravel, Mind your eyes) I'm the Cock.of the Walk, And the fiaublrd of the Goddess of Liberty, The only gallinaceous M plurilmB unuiii On record. It is reported that Blaine will allow his name to bo used in next year's national convention. There-will bomso for it.at the head of the ticket. IN THIS NEiaHBOBEOOD. Storm Lake is to build a §30,000 hotel. Senator Mack is president of the company. Livermore Gazette: Mrs. Taylor spent Sunday with her daughter, Mrs. Blackford, at Algona. The Elmoro people claim that the mill company has forwarded two cars of flour into Iowa, one to Nevada and the other to Bancroft. Miss Cora Henderson and sister of Algona have rented the rooms over Miss Shultis' millinery store, and will The American traveler in Europe, vftio spends themost of his time in cities, cannot pretend to any accurate knowledge of tho condition of the laboring classes, except as exhibited in cities. Nevertheless he occasionally sees indications of the state of affairs, from which certain conclusions can bo drawn, The homes of the city Workers can bo seen; likewise the city workers themselves as they go through the streets. Tho country people bring produce to the cities, and so also como under observation. Then in riding on tho railroad trains one sees much by tho roadside to show how the people live upon farms and in the small towns. With the undcrtanding that I do not claim any special knowledge of the subject, you may still perhaps be interested in tho superficial observations made during a recent visit on the continent. OEHMANY. Germany may be broadly named tho land of no-poverty. A groat portion of tho people is unquestionably poor, but very few luck tho actual necessities of existence. Beggars arc as rare -us the Phoenix. On 'the outside at Iea3t, the appearance of pros pcrity in Germany is complete. Everywhere in tho country, in small towns, and on the outskirts of cities can bo seen small houses of tolerable comfort, upon tiny bits of ground which arc thoroughly cultivated; tho homes of tho people. Farm houses arc small mid low, but very clean and comfortable. In tho cities, laborers and artisans very frequently live with their families in a few rooms of some enormous tenement house, in tho center of which is a largo court to lot in light; nevertheless, the chief lack m these places is light and air for tho people themselves. They seem sturdy and honest, especially in country places. The city population is not unlike our own, with a tendency to over-indulgence in exciting amusements, and consequent deterioration But everywhere the natural honesty and steadfastness of the Gorman are apparent The work done by them is of excellent quality, but done slowly. Tho Gorman has no conception of rapidity. I shall always ro- mombor tho tedious months during which tho Moltko bridge in Berlin was a-building I lived in tho district called Moabil, and in order to reach it from the main part of the city had to cross the river Spree. A temporary wooden bridge was built, and alongside of it tho stone and marble Moltke bridge was in course of construction. Tho temporary wooden bridge was dusty and uncomfortable, and we watched the progress of tho stone structure with much interest. On tho 1st of May it seemed almost complete; on tho 1st of Juno it seemed quite so; tho 1st of July there was no excuse for not removing tho tall fences all around the bridge and allowing it to be used. Along in August sometime tho bridge was actually opened. Although there is DO outward sign of poverty in Germany, tho knowing ones say that it does exist, but that tho government hushes it out of tho way. One method of doing this, and surely a very commendable one, is the institution of real work-houses, where ably prosperous and live comfortably. Quite frequently they come to America, tempted by the higher wages paid here in manufactories of the'saine sort. So'cdrisid- erable has this emigration been, that in Geneva they told me all their best watchmakers had gone to the United States, and that instead of Swiss watches being imported to ils our makers had begun to send American watches to Switzerland. Unskilled laborers work long and hard, as near as I could ascertain. For instance, near Geneva a new railroad was in process of construction While I was there. The men went by my boarding house on their way to work, at 0 o'clock in the morning, and did not return until nearly eight in the. evening. But I am not positive that they worked all the intervening timo. The stone quarries employ many men; but gen erally speaking, there is a dearth of common employments for unskilled Inbor. There is some railroad building but very little mining of any kind. The Swiss common people in and near the cities have been fearfully spoiled by contact with foreigners. It is a common remark on the continent that wherever the American and English tourist goes ho demoralizes the people. The old simple, thrifty habits disappear: the honest dealing once so well known becomes converted into a covetousness which sticks at no means to get money from tho " rich" foreigners. Every invention is put into requisition to entice franc after franc from the ingenuous traveler; dealers demand two prices from him, hotel- keepers cheat him shamelessly, cabmen steal from him, guides get oil they can themselves and pass him on to their friends; until one wonders if ho has not entered Newgate by mistake. So it is everywhere tho American and Englishman goes, and a partial cause of this demoralization is the lavish way such travelers sometimes live when on a tour. Money is thrown away recklessly; petty cheating is disregarded by tho victim, and the conclusion forma itself upon the mind of tho native that all American and English travelers are fools, and all are rich; and the native despises us while ho cheats us. He learns to live upon this form of petty larcency, and thousands leave honest forms of livlihood for it. In the remoter districts tho old simple habits continue, but in cities they have disappeared. ITALY. Italy is a country so diversfled by its political, geographical, and historical divisions that anything you may say of tho character of its people is true of only a part of tho country, and perhaps utterly false in some other part One traveler will say that the Italians are industrious and frugal, and he has doubtless found them so in Tuscany, Piedmont, and other districts. Another calls them lazy and scoundrelly, and anyone who knows Naples will agree at once that they are so in that city at least. In fact they differ as much among themselves as tho English people did at the timo of tho conquest. So I must make my account of them agree with these differences. The north of Italy and the plain of the Po is tho home of the hardy and industrious farming communities. On all sides one can see fields of American corn, rich orchards and vineyards. Tho people who do the tilling of the soil live poorly, by our standards; which means that they have small houses and food not nearly so various as ours. Largo and lazy city populations are not the rule. Walking the streets of Genoa you encounter as busy a scene as in Hamburg; men are loading and unloading, moving goods, buying and selling. Mingled with these is a constant shouting, drivin<* of long strings of mules, hitched one after another, rolling of barrels, etc. The homes of these people are not pleasant to see; scores of them live in narrow, ill-smelling •get pnly the worst portion of it. The really intelligent and ambitious Italians do not emigrate, but find means to live at home. The present government would doubtless be glad if we would take all the lazzarbni in the country,as in that case the problem^ of governing would be much simplified owing to the loss of the turbulent and criminal classes; and the market for labor in Italy would improve immensely. Italy is destined to become a great and prosperous nation under tho present regime, and the chief impediment is this large body of ignorant and besotted populace. If emigrant ships would bring them all to America, there would be no objection on the part or King Humbert and his ministers. It remains for the people of the United States to consider whether such an accession is desirable. However we may wish well to the present Italian government, we nead not feel under obligations to assist it by taking care of its superabundant children. I cannot well sum up data so various. But, broadly, one may say that tho laboring classes on the continent receive very much less wages than is Usual in this country; live on less food, and make their homes in quarters that do not compare in comfort with the homes of our people. Of course prices of food and clothing are less than here, but not in the same proportion by any means as the difference of wagea This is partly owing to our protective system, partly owing to other causes just as important, which I will not investigate in this place. In short we have much the best of it both in the comforts of life, and in the possibilities which are open here to the humblest laborer. Among us no question of caste, expressed or implied, chains down the sons of toil to hereditary bondage: each of us can push his fortune as opportunity offers, and between highest and lowest there is a constant Intel-changeability. EUGENE SCHAFFTEK. AN EAR1Y SETTLER GONE, Demise of Algonp's Pioneer Landlord, He3rid8.1i Henderson, Last Week tit Elk Falls, Kansas. people who cannot otherwise make a living Hl'fi Rfit t.n wni'lr linrlni. m«rmrt>» oim<-.i.i»:~: — embark in tho in Elmoro. dress .making business }',J" ttu M 'ielo from Baglevllle. with a scream on ni" i>«*'*- i>i<»i> Thunder sound liku Dropping On a still Dropping cotton ' 111 morning. And my present address Is Hall Columbia, U.S.A.]! See! Italy makes herself ridiculous by her bluster. If sho over goes further our oaglo will " iniiko Rome howl" in dead earnest. l-AXDS OK LOW AVAGHS. In another column wo present to our readers a most entertaining I 0 (,tor on labor in Europe from tho pen of Eugene Sohairter of Eagle Grove. Mr. SchalVt- er has lately returned from a year's travel in Germany, Switzerland, and Italy, and his opinions have been formed after ample opportunity for observation. At our invitation ho gives thorn to our readers. His full and fair description Of the classes in Italy from which American immigration is largely drawn, is peculiarly timely, while in general his careful and evidently just estimate of tho conditions of tho laboring classes Humboldt Independent: Mr. and Mrs. J, M. Thomas wore called to Algo no tho past week on account of tho sick ness of Mr. Thomas' father, who is re ported as being very low. Bode Gazette: Miss Lizzie Jensen Bancroft is hero visiting with her sib tor, Mrs. T. O. Hanson. Another sis tor, Miss Lena of Algona, who ha been visiting her this winter, roturnoi to her homo in Algona, Monday. Auditor Smith of Webster City ha bought a new piano. The Freernar says: "However, Will P. will confln himself to tho execution of ehin musl in tho future as in the post, and leave tho instrumental part to the family." A public examination will bo hold on Friday, the 15th day of May, at For JJodgo, for tho purpose of selecting i cadot to tho military academy at Wes Point from tho Tenth district of Iowa Hero is a, chance for some ambitious Kossuth county boy. Estherville Democrat: There is i movement .on foot to change tho tnai route running from Bancroft to Seneca Hingstoad, Armstrong, Swan Lake am tothervillo, so us to have it run fuom Algona to Fonton, Seneca, Armstrong bwan Lake to Esthorville. This change if made leaves Ringstead out in tho cold, which should not bo done. Mason City is to have an electric street cur line. Mrs, M. I. Clark in bo- half of tho Mason City Gas & Electric .Light Co. has applied to tho city council for ji franchise for tho right of way on tho principal streets, and, in case it is granted, the electric cars will be running in that city before fall. Another company composed of outside capitalists, are also looking over tho city, and it is said, have also applied for a franchise. A Ijaw Suit Brewing, A Wliittomore correspondent of the LuVorno News writes: The Chicago & St. Paul railway sold our people excursion tickets to Euimetsburg, Friday, and agreed to bring them back on a special tho samo evening. They were at tho depot but tho conductor said he had no orders to carry them and they stayed M? burg 'J 11 night ' mid in the »»ora- ing the conductor said the excursion tickets wore a little old and made them pay faro back There suit brewing for the company. is a largo law are set to work under proper supervision and kept a-spinniug or shoe-making. Beggary is not allowed under any circumstances, and this work-house system gathers into its fold the few who would sit on street corners and ask alms. The institu tion dates back to Frederick tho Great's time, as does so much else that is excellent in Germany. In short, tho German laboring people are not great wage earners as wo wish ours to be; but perhaps in another souse they are quite as prosperous—sinco they seem' rich in patience and content, and can live on littlo and bo happy. A change is rapidly coming, however, and tho German laborer begins to tread, ns we do, the thorny road of trade-unions and trade-strikes, socialistic and communistic agitation. You recollect that in May last a great strike was threatened throughout Germany, but went to water when tho timo arrived. One observation should not be omitted that it is generally tho sons of farmers and country people who go to form the great German army. While it seems a hardship to transform so large a portion of the population from producers to consumers, there '-<, some compensation in the fact that in n country already over populated, the removal of these thousands from farms and workshops is a direct and substantial benefit to those who remain, as there is a readier market for labor; at the samo timo the product finds a readier market from tho existence of this body of consumers. Tho feature which strikes the American most unpleasantly is tho fact that so much hard labor is dono by women. Riding on the trains through the fertile farms one continually sees women doing some common field work—turning and handling hay or carrying great burdens on their backs handling spade and shovel. It is not enough to say that the women are used to it and do not mind it any more than men would. They ought not to be used to such drudgery, and it soems strange that the German, with his primeval respect for woman, (see Tacitus "Do Mov. Germ. 8-") should allow this state of things to continue. I ain told, though, that there is a great improvement during the last half-century. SWl'l'XEULANI). What has been said of tho hard farm work done by women in Germany applies with still greater force to Switzerland, Here tho women arc stunted and made old by it. So continuous and exhausting is the lubor undergone by them that it was my common observation in Switzerland that only girls and old women wore to bo seen; very seldom a substantial Fruu of middle age, Tho girls are set to work so young, and are so soon exhausted by manual labor ind child-bearing, that they seem to go at a stop from children to wrinkled old women. The men sooru strong and hearty enough; lot but that they have heavy burdens to bear. But the pure atmosphere and tho vholesomo food, of which milk forms so arge a part, must necessarily have their effect in forming powerful bodies, capable quarters not any too large for a single family. At Carrara G,000 men are employed in tho marble quarries, and tho town is mostly composed of their homes, perhaps more comfortable than those in the large cities. Old Pisa is dead and her people live in deserted Renaissance palaces. I saw more beggary in her sleepy streets than where else. any- Florence is a city of tradesmen, and they live well. The peasants around the city probably own little land, and are employed by tho wealthier sort. Tho town laborers live in narrow streets among dark houses, trad have for food bread, figs, cheese .and fruit, but littlo meat. They aro a patient people and boar good or ill fortune with the same cheerfulness. At Rome one sees more of tho country people than at anywhere else, and while they live in tho most' frugal style I cannot sny they aro subjects for pity; the contadini generally are industri ous—they work the land, trim the vines tend flocks of sheep—and have no appearance of squalor. For houses, they seem to just live about as their sheep do, in some old bit of ruin, small-topped house, or hay thatched cottage. For food there is cheese, goat's milk and bread, to say nothing of melons and wine. In the city itself there is wretchedness but it is decreasing rather than otherwise! The poorest laborer on the Tiber eubauk- ments has a sort of a jaunty air when ho is not working, and tho women don little bits of finery which seem to lighten their poor lives. Their homes are fearfully dark and full'Of stench, and open upon narrow, dirty streets which become mud-puddles after the slightest rain. Beggars on the street there aro many, although the government forbids begging on the streets except at the doors of churches. So poor, forlorn looking women step up to you and offer you a box of matches for a cent, when the regular price is two for a cent; in this way they gain a littlo something for tho sick and starving children. There can bo no doubt that many of these are cases of genuine distress, although tho majority of beggars have a professional air about them which shows that they pursue it as a business. As for wages in Rome you may judge of them from the following incident! In conversation with Prof, Lauciani, who has charge of all the excavations in Rome, ho showed mo an estimate he had made for a certain excavation he wanted to do, which estimate was to bo presented to the Minister of Public Instruction; the wages of tho men were figured at two francs (40 cents) per day, and if this is the rate for government work, you may be sure no one else would pay more. I learned from other sources that this is also tho rate for railroad work. COUNTYJFAIE RAGES, The Completed J'roKi'nmmc—A Good Entertainment Promised. The committee appointed to arrange for tho races to be given at tho county fair completed their work last week and gave tho programme to tho secretary. It is not yet divided for tho two days, but the list includes thefollowing: Novelty Race—Purse, §35; no entrance fee. Distance, 1% miles; flrst half-mile, walk; second half-mile, trot; third half- mile, run. Running Race—Purse, §25; entrance free. Halt-mile heats. This race is for horses owned in the county, thoroughbreds excluded. Trotting Race—Purse, §150: entrance, 10 per cent.; five to enter, three to start; con- lined to 2:40 class. Bicycle Race—Purse, §10; entrance free; halt-mile dash. County Trotting Race—Purse, $50; entrance, 10 per cent; five to enter, three to start. This race is for all horses owned in the county which have never beaten three minutes. Free-for-all Trotting Race—Purse, §200; entrance, 10 per cent.; five to enter, three to start. Trotting Race for Two-year-olds—Purse, SSQ; entrance, 10 per cent.; five to enter three to start. This race is for colts owned in tho county. Tho heats will be one mile, best twp in three. Walking Race—Purse, §10; entrance free; half-mile, heel and toe walk. This programme will afford a good opportunity for plenty of sport, and i" all take hold to make it a success the county will witness amusing races. success tho some good and IT PAYS TO PEED. Brief Sfetch of the Life of an Excellent Mart—His Roof Always a Shelter for the Men of God. Campbell of Armstrong Gives State Register a Good Kcport of any fatigue. In the fertile valleys—and Switzerland jontains some of tho richest farming lands n the world—tho farming people live mostly in small stone buildings, which are o constructed as to house not only the armor and his family, but also tho precious ows and sheep; one portion of the build- ng is dovotod to them and the other to tho ainily. This is also true in the upper lopes of the Jura mountains, which are ultivated and used for pasture. Besides tone houses there are wooden ones quite requently. Upon the roofs one sees lines f heavy rocks, placed there as protection gainst tho frequent wind storms which weep down from tho Alps and would carry way the roof timbers unless so weighted, Jther wogden farm houses are nearly all oof, so to speak; the inclination being teep, uud the roofs so near the ground that ttle else can bo soon. Of the laboring classes in cities I cannot ay much. Tho manufactories in Switzer- md—ox silk, watches, jewelry, etc.—seem ) employ a good class of labor quite highly killed, and I suppose tho wages are good or that country. Those artisuus aro tolor- .... per day — I have had a guide offer to conduct me a whole day for that amount; and in all the largo cities of Italy a cabman will take from one to three persons a single course of any length within the city for from 15 to 20 cents for the whole party How these people manage to live on such pittances is not at first apparent. But they eat littlo, dress in picturesquely-patched clothes, live in small hovels, and are every way frugal; so .they manage to keep body and soul together. At Naples there is, more than anywhere E. B the from this Section. In last Wednesday's State Register appeared the following editorial paragraph, which refers to our early settler and well known business man of Armstrong Grove: "Mr. E. B. Campbell of Armstrong, Iowa, sends the Register a good illustration of that best of all policies of converting the raw material of the farms of the state into finished products. Mr. Bannickson, a farmer of Denmark township, Emmet countv bought 18 steers last fall at §25 each fed them an average of 50 bushels of corn each, and sold them, March 28, at 5>05 per head. The highest market price for corn, during the period named was 50 cents per bushel, delivered at the station 16 miles from Mr. Bannick- son's farm. Counting the delivery of the com at five cents per bushel, which he saved by feeding it, he received a profit of §17.50 for each steer fed." The Register says that even Gov Boies "should be willing to admit that that is a fair profit for feeding 50 bushels of corn per head to cattle, after allowing tho highest price paid for corn during the whole time the cattle were being fed. This profit came, too, when corn was worth twice the average price of the past five years on Iowa farms. Ihis incident is a fair illustration of the profits of condensing the raw material of the farm into finished product." W. C. T. tr. Meeting. To the Editor: At the meeting in the reading room on Friday last, Mrs. .Rev. Douglas of Rockwell, a sister of J. W, Robinson, was led in the devotional words and manner, gave a summary of else, a largo unemployed population—tho so-called lazzaroni. They are dirty and squalid, and villainous looking, and herd all together in .the nastiest confusion and promiscuity. The street, Santa Lucia, fronting on tho bay, is their paradise; hero on warm days they swarm out of the tall, dirty houses, and sit for hours in the sun; the men loafing, tho women combing each others' hair, and taking occasion to pick out certain tiny insects, suckling babies, and carrying on all the business and necessities of life before the public gaze. The men sometimes work as longshoremen, helping to load and unload ships; and then in the hundreds of littlo boats which dot the bay they fish for oysters, crabs, anything they can lay hands, for everything is eaten by this half-starved community. Again they flsh with big nets, which are taken out by boats and dropped half a mile from shore; a dozen men then draw them in laboriously by ropes, and after an hour of this hard work, I have often seen them land hardly a double-handful of small fish. Without complaint, the nets are again taken out, dropped aud pulled in again; a dreadful trade. Labor must indeed be cheap when men are driven by necessity to such trifling pursuits. One cannot wouder that so many emigrate to this country. Italy is glad to be rid of nor surplus population, and of course wo present, and exercises. She gave much inspiration to the meeting by her earnest Mrs. J. R. Jones temperance news. The address of Rev" James II. Darlington, pastor of an Episcopal church in Brooklyn, was especially dwelt upon. This address was given at the first national temperance congress held in Broadway tabernacle, New York, nearly one year ago. In this Episcopal church there is an order composed of young men, called "The Knights of Temperance." Their motto is the old Roman motto, "Sobrietas Puntasque, Reverentia" sobriety, purity, reverence. This church society is doing a great deal for boys and young men. Rev. Darlington is his remarks said: "Among ministers there are many who will not preaoh a temperance sermon. We have fixed that in the Episcopal church by fixing a temperance Sunday, and we have got to preach a temperance sermon." Mrs Prof Dixson read a choice selection entitled "Pledge with Wine." Mrs. A D. Clarke read an excellent article upon "Women in Literature," Good music was furnished by Mrs. Spencer and Bowyer, and Miss Dingley. Although the day was unpleasant, it was gratifying to see so many at the meetings, and to notice the increased interest in the reading room. To the Editor: In compliance with your suggestion I herewith submit a brief sketch of the life of Hesekiah A. Henderson, father of Mrs. A. A. Call, who died tho 3rd inst. at Elk Falls, Kan. Mr. Henderson was born Sept. 3, 1810, near Henderson, Ky., and at the age of 16 moved with his father's family to Clark county, 111., where at the age of 21 ho was united in marriage to Nancy Hill, who died in November, 1844. Six children were the result of this union, four of whom were known to the early settlers of Kossuth county. In 1846 Mr. Henderson was married to Mrs. Mary Underwood, who survives him. He assisted in the organization of a company and served in it through the " Black Hawk war until the surrender at 'Bad Axe.'" In 1853 Mr. Henderson moved to Deleware county, Iowa, and removed to Kossuth county in May, 1S5G. From his advent in Algona until his removal in 1860, Mr. Henderson was a prominent figure in everything pertaining to the clevelop- men of Algona and the building up of the county. During tho summer of 1856 ' f ho erected the first hotel in the county, /"*» built of hewed logs, and later, when V lumber could be had, built on frame additions. In those early days this was known as the "St. Nicholas.'' In 1857 he built a frame store, 18x30, and filled it with goods hauled from Dubuquo, These buildings were located on the lots now occupied by the city water works. Mr. Henderson, with Father Taylor and Judge Call, was interested in tho building of our first public building, the town hall, in 1850, and in the spring of 1857, during our Indian troubles, had charge of the building of the fort or " stockade" in Algona, and his house, tho St. Nicholas, was the refuge of the women and children from all parts of the settlement seeking safety from the Indians. Mr. Henderson was a Presbyterian by education, and I believe a member of that church the greater part of his life, although he assisted in the organization of the first Methodist church in Algona. His house was always the welcome home of ministers of all denominations, and before the erection of the town hall religious services were frequently held there. Early in the spring of 1860 Mr. Henderson moved to Mahaska county and purchased a_farmnearOskaloosa, where he lived until after the war, when he sold out and located in Kansas, and assisted in building up the town of Elk Falls, where he spent the balance of his life. Of the four oldest sons, who were l^with him in Kossuth county, Milton W. served through the war as a lieutenant Jin an Illinois squad. His present homo •is Webb City, Mo. Sanford S. enlisted as a private in the Eleventh Indiana, Lew Wallace's regiment, was shot through the face at Shiloh, promoted to a lieutenancy, and later, served under Sheridan, was at the battle of Winchester, a graphic account of which he wrote his sister the day after the battle, detailing the incident of Sheridan's ride and appearance on the field turn- Hig a rout into victory. His home is Terrehaute, Ind. Isaac N. served through the war in the Iowa Third infantry, marched with Sherman to the sea, and was killed by a rebel bullet after Johnson's surrender. Enoch enlisted at the age of 15, served under Steele in Arkansas, was shot through the body in a skirmish, but survived. He lives in Kansas. Mrs. Henderson at the age of 80 is quite strong. Her future home will be with her son, Thos. Underwood, in Indlana - A. A.c. AN" ALGONIAFS SUCCESS. Miss Lenette Wilson Highly CoinplI- monted In DCS Molnes. It would seem from the press notices of Miss Lenetto Wilson's work in Des Moines that that city is to hereafter claim a large part of her time. If the capital city is to bo congratulated" for no more accomplished or efficient instructor in etiquette and dancing could be found, while in social and literary circles she is well calculated to a ]?, adln e part. Her many friends so here will enjo'/learning of h^success evidence of which is given in the following paragraph from The State Leader: All of the available space at Good Templars' hall was filled Saturday evening by the parents and friends of Miss Wilson's dancing class to witness t them. she i! iad Prepared for he class, which is strictly a , y a private one, numbers forty pupils The evening opened at 4 o'cloclc with a grand march which was executed with the precision of trained soldiers? ful d lul and In all , , t — —-v ii wi* Clil'G 1 " r », to inlu.e'.oSS^SJS lffis±±ywft ^"•S detected. The dances showed were six- congratula- STEPHENS & BIKOHEB have several brood mares for sale, and expect to have a quantity on hand all ,the time. Can suit any purchaser. THIS kind of weather calls for a shoe that will wear. I can sell you one that I can recommend, p. S. Stough. with a star march, after which had possession of the hall Miss son was overwhelmed ^iss ^^JSESfSSU"^ Momes next season. She left for cw' fc ^ n | sus ^ay afternoon, bultsu^d^er Hiends she would return to tho ««*»?ma conduct a class winter. over will rooms over' in. Cordmgley's store.-3 this season., uidnshisi

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