The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 15, 1891 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 15, 1891
Page 3
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7if,^pa, ^ . *" >5n UPPER BES MOINES* ALGOIS A, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 15, 1891. BVERLfiND MA1UK SAIViiH BRIGHAM. I ;\ isaid, as I came home from th« blouse of Commons, where the Tory government had been destroyed, "our un crowned king is winning fame for making fend unmaking; ministers. He is illustra ting the doctrine that the talent and powers, as well as the sins, of the fathers are handed down for many generations. Charles Stewart Parnell is a lineal descendant in tho fifteenth generation, of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, famed in history as 'the king maker!'" "I am not glad, neither am I sorry, to learn of his royal lineage," said Colonel Haynes. "I would almost wish him to be one of the people. But his influence will be more powerful, perhaps, from the knowledge of his noble origin." "Give us a description of the proceedings in parliament," said Stella, as we seated ourselves in the pleasant drawing- room of Raven's Park. The duke and duchess oi Melvorne, Col. Haynes, his mother and Annie were with us, forming a quiet morning party. "The House of Commons," I began, "was crowded In every part. At a very early hour Mr. Parnell and his faithful eighty-six wero there and planted their hats on tho choicest spots on tho opposition benches. The breakfast at which we regaled ourselves in the dining-room of the Houso was a sight worth seeing. Sixty sat down to one long table, the remainder at a cross table. Tho view from the stately windows which overlook the river was a ^charming one; thu sun lit up tho scene. A PP facetious Ulsterman Was ono who aspired " •• to outdo tho PawBlHtes by rising early. When ho caught sight of the acre of Parnell hats he rushed into the dining-room see tho prodigy. He was greeted with a clap of thunder in the shape of an uproar- ous laugh! They did not forgot tho courtesy., of war, however, but invited him to partake with them, and, instead of poisoned wino which the English gave to Shano O'Neal, they gave him his choice of honest beefsteak, eggs and bacon. By noon every seat in the Houso was taken. But as there can bo no business done in House until four oolock, tho members roamed about hatlojt) through tho lobby and grounds to pass away tho lagging hours. At last the Herald's voice was heard resounding through the hall. Every member rose to his feet, while tho sergeant at arms bearing the mace, tho chaplain, the speaker nnd his train bearer • entered. Prayers occupied about ten minutes. Thou followed an oppressing silence. Just when every nerve was raised to tho utmost tension, an elderly gentleman rose and gave a homily on hats, until Mr. Bradlaugh's finger and Goshen's fist caused an interruption. During the homily, Mr. Gladstone, who looks fresh aud well for a man of seventy-seven, sat in his favorite attitude with his head thrown back and hands crossed—the ono great figure in tho whole assembly." "Yes!" exclaimed Melvorne, "he is always that, the vain old man!" "When the votes wore cast it was a complete defeat to the Tory government that had been threatening to suppress the National League and to establish a new coer- 1 cion in Ireland. The wildest exultations of tho Irish membars greeted tho announcement of tho vote." "This is the second ministry that Parnell has destroyed within tho last eight months," suiJ the Cjlonel. "The Irish may have reason to regret this act," said Melvorne. "A ministry with a powerful majority would bo apt to do the right thins if Gladstone was out of it. Ho always has done the wrong thing for Ireland nnd always will, I fear. He is vain and vacillating!" "Ho has no easy task," I said. "Ho must now form a policy which tho whigs have heretofore bitterly detested and which will fill his party with doubts and misgivings." "England needs just now a Lincoln or o Grant!" exclaimed Col. Haynes. "Men who can think and act for themselves and beyond themselves and see what will bp the best for nations and for mankind at o glance." "I am sorry that Gladstone is in power. With him as our pilot we may havo insurrection in Ireland, war v»lth Europe and mutiny in India," said Molvorne, thought fully. "Then ho is not in favor with the Queen. She resorted to every device before she submitted to the inevitable by placing Gladstone in power." "That makes it harder for him to form his cabinet. While Parnell would not accept an office in the English government, he will rule its destinies in a great measure," I said. "At present Parnell is master of the situation. If he is as you believe, the earnest friend of tho Irish cause, if he can com — rnand himself and keep his followers united, there is every reason to believe that he j will gain for Ireland some form of Home .Rule," said Melvorne. "It is hard to control men who are in tho condition that the Irish are just now. Everything is unsettled; the great and uncontrollable riot that occurred in London has added fuel to the fire and it will be strange indeed if we do not hear of some lawlessness. They are deeply earnest for Home Rule aud Irish liberty, Anything that they imagine will hinder that they will overthrow, if it costs them their lives," Isaid, "I do hope to hear of a speedy settlemen of this matter without the shedding of blood," said Col. Haynes, "I have learned a lesson in my brief tour in England and Ireland that I shall try to turn to the good of our own nation. When I reach New York I shall commence! au active campaign against our 'Coming landlords!' " "I am with you in that sentiment my son," said Sir Wren, entering tho room. He had returned from Ireland unexpectedly and had entered the room unannounced. "O, papa," exclaimed Annie, as she sprang to meet her father. "Well, pet," ho answered, giving her tender kiss. "I see you aro looking well. I seem to be just in time to join a family party," he continued, giving to each some word of greeting. "Yes, Sir Wren," said Stella, "this isour Jast family gathering. This evening the great event is to close our happy reunions, for on the morrow Colonel Haynes with his party leave for America." We had lunch together and were pleased to hear Sir Wren's account of how he had disposed of his large estate. "Then you think it is safe to sell to the tenants on such easy terms?" asked Melvorne. "Yes, I consider it perfectly safe. The tenants will pay me on their place instead «f rent, on the installment pJrtn," "Then you" witi invest yonr money in American lands," said Melvorne; "Not unless 1 remain there to reside. I cannot begin now to follow oiit a practice that I have always condemned, of taking money from one nation and 'spending it in another, without leaving an equivalent." "Then there are a goodly number under condemnation," said Melvorne, "for we British landlords, ns individuals or companies, are now receiving rent in some form, from more than twenty million acres in America. And I know of men who, the coming year, intend to invest millions of dollars in American lands!" "I have learned that we can savo ourselves by taxing, the land values of the country and not the improvements," said Colonel Haynes. "Or, our government can establish such laws as shall prevent aliens from holding lands in America, except as actual settlers. One is astonished to find that there are now more tenant farmers in America than in England, Scotland and Ireland combined. It is time wo began to think and act." From the discussion of important national affairs we changed to the arrangements for the evening. It was arranged that we were to meet nt Blue Riilgo in tho evening for the wedding, aud from there to see our friends on their way to Liverpool. CHAPTER XXIX.—FAREWELL. The beautiful dream of lifel How few realize their ideal! The eventful evening that had been tho theme of conversation by a large circle of friends, and the one event of life to the immediate actors, had arrived. Tho immense hall at Blue Rictgc was flllecl with friends, eager to witness the marriage of Colonel Fred Haynes, ol tho United States, to tho beautiful Annie Wren. What a fascination a wedding has for young and old! The bridal party were to occupy a broad stage or dais that had been beautifully decorated for the occasion with more taste and skill than usual by the artistic hand of Lady Hortcnse. There were flower everywhere. The room seemed a bower o» bloom. Annie was to bo led to the altar by her aged father. She wore, over a dress of white satin, a dainty robe of laco, a veil of English point, a necklace of flno. pearls and a wreath of orange flowers, all white and in this snowy cloud Annio looked more lovely than over. Sir Wren, with his king white beard, reminded me of mj childish pictures of tho patriarch Moses Tho Colonel was in a full evening dress suit. His eyes bespoke a happy future foi my little friend. As they took their places before the altar I thought that they might challenge tho finest Greek or Parisian taste for perfection of form, feature aud costume. How short the ceremony! How much il means as it runs out in the years to como To somo it brings a train of uninterrupted joy and confidence; to others pain and disappointment. Congratulations were offered, mingled •with feelings of sadness; for on tho morrow our party were to separate. "It may be for years and it may be for ever," was tho refrain. Yet there Tvns no murmuring with sighing. We grieved to bo separated from the friends we had loved so long; but this was a happy closing scene for out holiday period. Now wo must buckle on the armor of life and take an active part A happy, joyous time of rest and recreation it had been! A banquet had been prepared for the closing. The great dining-room was bril liantly lighted. Illumination is a nucossa ry accompaniment to joy; mist and shadows are not welcome to tho happy. Th hall was gay with birds and flowers. The table flashed and sparkled with glass. china, gold and silver. From an ante room caroj soft strains of music as from somf JEolian harp. Annie, the beautiful bride, was seated between her father and her noble young husband, while Mrs. Haynes sat by Sir j Wren. My sweet wife was by my side, as>' bright a beam of sunshine as of old. The merry guests were all seated, and quiet conversation was tho rule, Tho Duko o( Moh'orno sat beside his noblo Duchess, still as charming as when wo first met her iu the mountains of the far away laud of blue skies and broad prairies, Mr. and Mrs. Lollard were ns jovial as ever, and many were the jokes we passed on our time honored guide. Lord Sanders, with his tall, angular, over-dressed wife and showy daughters wero all conspicuous for the amount of diamonds they wore and for their reserved and haughty demeanor. At dessert Sir Wren was called on to toast the newly married couple. "You will not escape two sermons—one from the hishoiJ, which you have heard," he said, bowing across the table to Bishop Bode, "and now one from me. Listen, my children. Adore each other. Be happy. Now is the budding time of hope and trust; let not the chilling blight of discordant elements blast the tender flower. The world lacks perfume; it lacks the charm of love. We cannot lovo too well. We cannot please too much. To hive and be loved—what a miracle is wrought! Lovo, woman and a kiss are a circle; they form our universe from the cradle to the gravo. Exist brave- I ly for each other. Hide your anger; wounds may heal but the scars remain. Life is i too short in its arrowy flight for oven an angry word. Love was a child six thous- ' and years ago, and has a right to a long white beard though as youthful as ever," , concluded Sir Wren, stroking his long beard as he resumed his seat. Melvorne was called to answer to the toast, "Civilization." "My friends, long life to womwi. She is the central feature of civilization. He who trains a son trains a man. Ho who educates a daughter educates a nation. Civilization has brought the university to tho poor man's door, in the newsboy's aachol. Civilization has tamed the lightnings and conquered the elements, but woman is conquerable only through her love." Colonel Haynes was called on for "America." "A welcome word, my friends," said the Colonel, "I long to tread her fertile soil once more. But I go with a warning. I must proclaim to the men in that free land that they are bowing to the yoke of oppression that will soon be too heavy to bear. I have seen the effect of landlordism on a people bound in slavery to rent. Shall the beacon light of hope in our glorious union be darkened by this dreadful cloud? Shall the land of free schools and free churches he changed to a land of ignorance and degradation. No, a thousand times, no! The blood of our forefathers cries out against it. Let not history repeat itself. We must sound the tocsin and rouse uiu neoDle from the letharc-v nf uip*m TI.«»O are aliens in America, silently stealing our lands, our heritage and our freedom. 'Defeat to alien landlords' is to be my motto evermore!" "Waverland for Ireland!" was called. "My friends," I said, "I see in the mists of vanished ages a living, moving throng. Their atfui jhadows sweep by us jn agraud procession ot stately kings tn gomen cnar- lots; of yellow-haired warriors rushing to battle with shout and war song, for whoso sake kings are ready to peril their crowns and men to otter vip their lives. In Ireland, when England was inhabited by a wild, roving gypsy people, like the vrilcl Indians of America, there was a people hero well established in nil the forms of government. The trial >of all disputes was Settled by a verdict of twelve men. In music, the harp was used by the Irish people, and developed by them into the modern piano forte. In literature and art they excelled; and from Ireland came the valiant-hearted soldiers that broke tho yoke of Roman slavery from tho English serfs. While England was yet in slavery, the Irish were enjoying free schools, sustained by endowment. They taught religion, music, language and writing. Architecture, known to King Solomon and brought to Ireland by the old prophets when they fled from Assyrian, captivity, was taught to the people. "The youthful king, Alfred the Great, drank deep from the fountain of knowledge in Ireland. Literature and art became to him a living purpose. Ho learned to play the harp, and in after years it enabled him to charm the Danish kings while he was seeking points for attacking their armies. "When Alfred was proclaimed king of England he established a government founded on tho principles learned of tho Irish Parliament. It consisted of ono chamber where nobles, priests, bards and commons all met as equals, and tho king sat in the midst of thorn as president. At Oxford he established a school of learning and sent to Ireland for instructors. Ho repeated in England tho works in marble and stone that ho had learned in Ireland, and had his men build tho pointed roofs and arches now called Gothic. "For more than two thousand years Ireland was a free and prosperous nation, as history and her ruins proclaim. First tho Dane made their descent upon tho Island, capturing many places and driving Irish scholars into all parts of Europe. Afterwards England realized that Ireland was a rich mid prosperous land, with every advantage of wealth and culture. Tho Irish wore a brave nnd intelligent people, superior to the English in everything but power. Superior numbers have conquered and for seven hundred years Ireland has been made to feel that England is her master and sho is a slave. "Then, amid tho thunders of tho American revolution, when tho British Empire reeled before tho blows of the allied forces of Louis XVI and George Washington; when Paul Jones, tho Yankee Privateer, preyed on English commerce and spreivl, terror along the Scottish coast; when Ireland was without English troops and the only military force in all Ireland was the Irish volunteers, Grattan's parliament was called into existence. Then, like a giant released from bondage, the country again advanced, making rapid strides in progress, until Lord Clare proclaimed, 'There is not a civilized nation on tho face of tho globe which has advanced in cultivation, in agriculture, in manufactures, with the same rapidity as Ireland!' "For eighteen years that parliament mot in ono of the finest buildings in Europe, and made tho laws to govern the Irish people. Then, again, the jealousy of England, through treachery and fraud, destroyed tho Irish parliament, and Grattan, Who had led the Irish people to freedom, lived to see her liberties crushed out fty the sword and her parliament destroyed by gold. But though prostrate and bleeding, smarting tinder tho sense of outraged dignity, through years of eviction, famine, imprisonment and death, she has again determined to claim her rights. Another beam of sunlight has touched the living picture, and reveals a mighty man, whose hand is on tho key-board of British poll-' tics! Ono who has brought forth a harmony of class and creed that resounds throughout the world, astonishing mankind!" Tlie evening's entertainment was pleasant and gay, with music and conversation. Tho grand good humor of our host gave o tone of cheerfulness to the whole party. At a lato hour the final farewells were said and the bridal party took leave of their friends at Blue Ridge. In the morning Colonel Haynes, his wife and mother and Sir Wren bade adieu to Raven's Park, hut Stella, Myrtle and myself formed part of tho company as far as Liverpool. There the last farewells were spoken while wo stood on the deck of tho great steamer that was to bo their dwelling place for tho next few days. "Well Waverland," said Colonel Haynes as he took my arm for a short stroll on the deck before parting, "keep me posted as to tho condition and progress of tho work in the British parliament, and I will send you notes of matters in America. We shall be widely separated, yet I shall feel that we aro co-laborers in the same great work. You aro engaged in a long death struggle to loosen the fangs of landlordism from tho brightest spot of rich green earth on the face of the globe! I go to America, to do what I can, by agitation and work, to prevent tho same monster from stealing the inheritance of the freest people in tho world! Unlike chattel slavery, landlord- ism is stealthy and deceptive! It charms as the serpent, and is as cruel as tho gravo. It starves and debauches its victims to helplessness and revels amid the suffering. "The curso of Ireland is this same condensed villainy! This same cruelty, brutality and terror, conceived in lust and por« petuated by force! I havo seen it with my own eyes. Words cannot describe it. .It does not recognize manhood, womanhood or childhood. Its hand is upon every cradle in Ireland! Its victims aro five millions of people who cannot got away. They are held down by the bayonet, while the landlords rob the helpless in the name of the law I '•I believe Irish landlordism comprises all the villainies the devil over invented, with chattel slavery thrown in; for when a chattel slave is sick his master cares for him—ho is his money! When an Irish tenant is.unablp to work ho is thrown out upon tho roadside with his wife and children to perish. In short I have como to feel that this system that confronts us is legalized piracy! The old Saxon was a drunken, sensual brute, but he had his good points; ho was not a perfect landlord, but when tho Dunes, born sea pirates, and tho Normans, born laud pirates, swooped down on England and mixed with the Saxon such men as Lord Sanders were created; cold-blooded, cruel and far-reaching; with his $300,000 per year income from his farms in Illinois. He and his brother landlords have already larger holdings in A merica than they have in Europe. It makes the bloud boil in my veins! Must we Bit idle while these men enact the sauie cruelties in America that I have seen In Ireland. No, we are ready for work. This system we go forth into the two hemispheres to fight! You are led by the greatest men of Europe. Your weapons a*e truth nno justice! Your frunds have maitfc- ft start. This hot furnace of perdition will fcot 5 - ield cnsily, you will be beaten once, twice, thrice. But remember the story of Bmre and the spider; thirteen times arp not too often to try! Follow Gladstone and Pnrnell. Keep a firm hand on the dynamiters. They are tho unwitting tools of landlords here, nnd the monopolies in America, and will ruin the cause of liberty by their impatience if . permitted. The rights of persons aud property should be maintained. It is a l?sson for old and young, rich nnd poor. No mnti has n right to destroy his neighbor's property, or to infringe on his neighbor's rights, either ns landlords, monopolists or as dynamiters! Justice, right and a frco ballot are the only weapons that can conquer tyranny In all its forms!" The signal boll sounded, warning vis that the parting time had como. With clasped hands, full hearts and moist eyes, more expressive than words, wo pledged eternal friendship. "Annie," Stella wns saying, as wo joined them, "writo to mo often. Toll mo of tho people and places that you sec. We. havo had such happy times together. I almost dread to go back to Waverland now that you are gone." "Little friend nnd playmate," I said, as I bade Annio farewell, "tho moors nnd mountains will miss tho patter of your pony's feet, but you will visit a new country with a message of lovo and liberty, learned from tho old homo in Ireland. I wish you God speed nnd a happy life." Tho final signal sounded; wo were lowered from tho great steamer, but watched our friends until they vanished from view. Wo crossed tho channel and visited Wavorland for a fow days. In somo parts of Ireland there had been terrible need, almost amounting to starvation. In Connaught there had boon loss suffering. Thu tenants wore hopeful, Tho new ministry was agreeable to their wishes. Mr. Par- noil was their chosen leader, hen) and friend. Though quiet was maintained in Ireland, there was an undertone ot earnestness that told of settled determination, Tho only safo plan for England is to listen to reason. According to au agreement with Sit Wren, many things not valuable enough to take with him, yet through association too dear to be parted with, 1 had taken to Wavorland. Annie's pet pony WHS ouo of tho things committed to my care. The farmers on Sir Wren's estate wuro contented and happy. A way had been provided by which thoy wore to buy the land they tilled. Lady Waverland visited all her old friends. They wore ns wiirm ns ever in their praises of the "swnte lady!" The little school had been moved from the tenant cottage to a flnu, large build- iiig, created for tho purpose according to the direction of Lady Wavorlnnd. Sho also had endowed it with milllcliMit funds to procure tho bost instructors. Thus all our tenants'children havo tho privilege of o free, education. No wonder that, to the poor oppressed tenants, such a benefactor Is an object o' special lovo and affection. Her quiut, healthful influence also had a good ull'ccl on tho homo life of tho people. Now, instead o£ dirt and filth about tho cabins, nil was neat and tidy. Tlio |>lg.s and cows wero in tho rear of tho building, in some kind of shelter, and flowers wero soon iti thu dour yards. Our stay in Wavcrland was short.. It wax early in tho year l.SSli. Parliament wns in session, and each Irish member felt it his duty to till his place at all timw during the sittings. If Gladstone; is beaten in his plans, there will bo an appeal to the people. In that appeal, ono party or thu other will be beaten; but, in any event, the cause of British liberty will Kfiin by the agitation. Ireland's cuuso is becoming national, and very soon every part of thu British Empire must clasp hands in one universal struggle for British liberty! With tho example of America in view, i enter the struggle with cheerful faith in tho futurol FARM, HOME AND GARDEN* IN AUAKHKN. it. c. nonnR. The Matter of Piuiotnullty. Ainorlcnn Cultivator. Admirable and desirable as are in ithod and promptness in the life of the household it may be possible to obtain (hem at loogreat a. cost. It will be admitted that the home is maue for the family, not the family for the home, and that Medo- Perhian laws do not conduce to the comfort of the household. The wife of a prominent official in Washington related recently, with an air of conscious superiority,_that in the entire twenty-six yours of their nmried life their dinner hour had never varied fifteen minnutes. Angels and ministers of grace defend us! A quarter of a centner} 1 of regular, unvarying dinner hours. "Was the household adjusted to a machine? Imagination fails to conceive the quality rf a household that was never interrupted by any claim of duty or erjoyment or engagement of any kind that could interfere with the appearance of the oy.-tera and soup at 7. p. in. To bo in such bondage to material things is something to be ashamed of, not proclaim with conscious p ids. In a world of sudden calls and emergencies, of tragedy and comedy in all the daily life! around us, _tho family who eould ca'm every possibility of the outside claim of lite, and dine at the same moment 365 times a year for twenty-six years, is more or less than human. The first principle in the creation of a home is that the household is made for the family, not the family for the household. Tbines must udjust themselves to tnought. Methods are to facilitate the convenience of the individual, and not to serve as an iron chimp into which he is locked. Less thouaho about the means of living and more as to the essential life itself, is the desirable ideal always. An cany going atmosphere is not only most conducive 'o happiness, but to all best endeavor and work. The inner life must determine thu outer, and not to be determined by it. A regular dinner hour is all very well in its way, but humanity does not live to dine, and there may well be things that hinder its unvarying "regularity. Nothing in more depressing than a syttem of housekeeping *o exact that all the mental and moral energies must be dominated by obseivances of domestic riles. Between (his and the almost equally fatal disorder and inexactness of method there is a happy medium, which may well be held as the ideal standard of attainment. Before I nmdo my carilon, O, I WIM a happy man! 1 rend the wptl-s^ioro cntalognos, and joyfully would plan . " How lot* of lusctona vogptnlilfs I easily -rf raise, And flpned up tun profit.' tha 1 they ,»ay a garden pays. Of patent fertilizer*, fancy garden tonls and feeds, I bought about as iniinv a« » western farmer needs: I hired nun that wouldn't work, and rip Ing with the lurk. I dug till time for business, and finished In the dark. After I made my garden, O, I wan a woeful man; The chickens pcrniehod my pretty beds, the dogs across them ran; The cale fought battles on them, the cows ate. nil I ho corn. Alula hojt that tried to bile, me, always rooted there, at morn. Then can c a drought that burned to dnst my garden; then n flood And pelting hall mid hurricane turned everything to mud. Then, like, the plnrues of Kgypl, nwarmed upon mo llys and I \\gt, Inch wormp, mol» , cut-worms, locusts, satcrpll- lars, crows I id slugs. i All summer lone wrestled, while my perspiration drops \ I think would llll\h« barrels I had ready for my crops; And though I wasn't ahlu to supply ouo dinner's needs, I took the prlsio ot champion tor raising famous weeds. Hoforo I made my garden, Ol I was a liapyy man; Hut. afterward my troubles and experience, ho- gan. Now, If Boinu city greeny like, myself would euro to reap Tho pro (Its of u garden, I will (tell out very cheap. .VAKM NOTKH. Pens will boar planting very early and vorj deep. Keep a watcli on the hen turkeys now or more or less of the eggs will got lost by being chilled. Give tho chickens plenty of sour milk, especially what is kndsv-n as clabber. It is an excellent thing for young chickens, say after they are six to eight weeks old. Rightly managed, a team of brood mares can bo nmdo to return ti better profit than any other class of. stock on tho farm. Sod land makes an excellent location for potatoes, but sod land is nearly always in- lostc^witb cut worms. Plowing the land early is one of the best methods of reducing tin; number of cut worms. Sows with young pigs should bo cleaned out and budded anew each day, as surely its tho family horse or the pet cow. Cleanliness is an important factor in thu euro of all slock, though many people havo not yut learned it. Peas should be planted about, four inches deep, in loose soil and tho rows should not be closer than two feet, so as to nllow room for hoeing and piclfing. A quart of seed will bo stillicient for about eight feet of rows. Although wo doubt if it is meant that wo should know how to control the HCX in breeding it ie ollirmod by a young farmer of our acquaintance that mating a cockerel with only live or HIS pullets will insure female chickens largely. The , best radishes are those that are crisp and tender. This [condition is best obtained by forcing them from tho start:, which is clone by growing thorn on rich ground that has been well prepared. The seed germinates in a few clays, and as radishes are hardy, they may bo needed in early. Thorough Cultivation. Careful plowini; and thorough harrowing nro a partial substitute for liberal immuring in rich soil, as they lit tho soil fur absorbing tho nitrogen of (ho atmosphere arid tho rainfall, and hasten those chemical changes which render available the nitrogen in the organic matter, and the potash and other material elements of fertility which aro prasont in insoluble forms. down fine for the crop, will be of great advantage to the crop, allowing more plant food, learning the damage from drought and warming the soil, «s well a^ prevent* ing the baking of the top soil to a certain extent. When the manure is not decomposed in the neap it mn»t decompose in the soil before the plants can uti'izo it ns food, and the sooner the manure is spread the batter it will i>e for the crop. As it is difficult to spread manure on plowed ground, owing to the labor of hauling over the rough. soft ground, the method practiced l v y those who plow twice is fo spnwd the manure on the unplowed ground, plow it under and leave the ground in tho rough (not harrowing), and when thn hind is cross-plowed later on, the manure is more intimately mixed with tho noil. Tim early plowing also destroys cut woims and grubs,Jand allows tho frost to go down deeper into the ground. It may be mentioned that the frost will pulverize the soil much belter than can be done by any mechanical process, and it will save labor if allowed to work on th.6 clods and lumps, which are reduced by the expansion and contraction ot cold and heat. . To_plow twite instead of once n p.poors laborious, but| it is not economi to withhold any labor or other expense that will result in a Inter on. If better results can be derived from tho manure, and the ground can be worked more easily in the summer, by reason of the excellent condition of the soil (duo to tho careful early preparation) tho labor of tho summer season will bo _ lessened, the only increase in labor being in harvesting the largo crop, to which no farmer will have any objection.—Philadelphia Record. T11K 110USKHOJ..1>: 7SHJUT. o CropH. This necessitates tho use of tho green crops turned under to supply tho carbonaceous matter, and tho most valuable of these is clover. The farms whore tho fields are purple with clover every summer, produce the largest grain crops and tho heaviest yield of potatoes, one of tho necessities of tho period is to grow more clover, Clovorseed is the cheapest manure that tho farmer can procure. Ten pounds of seed costs $1,50, and it will yield without any more labor ten tons of manure, which could not be purchased for less than $25 to ?30. So that if clover is sown for no_other purpose than turning it under, it is the most profitable investment that can be made. Arrested. PITTBBUHG, April 8.—Andrew Carnegie last foil neglected to answer a summons from the Lawrence county court to appear as a witness in a certain casp. Today he was arrested by the deputy sheriff of that county. Carnegie went to N«>w Castle and settled the matter with the court and gave bit testimony. The Itoot, There has been considerable discussion of late as to tho best stylo of root for an apple tree. 1 am glad to see this. It will result no doubt iu bringing out some good points that are too little known by the average planter. You micrht as well build a fine house on a foundation of quicksand, as to attempt to rear a profitable apple tree on a tender worthless root. And now the question arises: "How shall we obtain the best possible rootV" Use short seeding roots and long cions, and leave out one bud above ground when you plant. Then each fall 01 spring cut them back to tho ground until they aro old enough to plant in the orcharcl—say three or four years old. This will force out an abundance of small, fibrous roots on the cion and give you the nearest approach of a seedling, which is no doubt tho most perfect tree known. And then this style of a tree will be the last to succumb to sun scale and you avoid too, the great expense of boxing. Hon. Wm, Somerville, ono'of the leading fruit growers of Minnesota, who is now in charge of the horticulture department of the farmers' institute of that state, has over two thousand apple trees packed away for spring planting tnat were gotten up on the plan of heavy rools and bushy ueails, Spring Plowing. The sooner the ground can be plowed in the spnng the better, especially on heavy soil. During the warm days that sometimes occur in (he winter, plowing may be done, provided the ground is not too wet for work. It will not interfere with later plowing, for the later plowing will only servo to reduce the soil to a finer condition. No.doubt an objection maybe urged against plowing: at a time when the ground may be vet. but t^e frost wjjl pulverize t he fumnti awd make the soil mellow, To plow early, Jeaye t|w ground in the h and crowplw \$m Ujen, i.. Cunin with thine, unveiled worlds, 0 truth ot IllRllt. ('oino with tho calm. Adown tho shallow day, Whom) splendore hid tho vaclor world away, I wandered on thin lltllo plot of llttht, A dreamer IHIIOIIL' dreamers. Veiled or bright, Whether the gold uliowor roofed mo or tho gray, I strove and sell led at llto's feverish play, And dreamed until tho droam goomixl liillmto. Hut. now (he Riitrnvny of tlin all unbars; Th« passions anil tho cares that heat so shrill, Tho Klauts of this petty world, disband; On the uroal threshol i of lite, nl^ht I stand, Once morn a soul nulf-cnuiilziuit and allll, Among the wheeling innltluido of slam. —Scrlbnor. _ There is not a man without somo duty — Cicero. Who is free? Tho man that masters his own will. — Epictetus. Regrets como too lato for the past, but may shape our course for tho future. Diligence is tho mother of good luck, and God gives all things to industry. _Tho whispers of conscience aro as loud within the soul as the brazen tongue o£ tho floating fog boll which gives warning of danger. — Anon. As tho present only is ours, if wo would live happily we should banish all regrets of tho past, all anticipations of tho future, and gather around ua such things of today as will contribute most to our true happiness. Life is liko an ocean; somo souls, like tho great waves boar heavy burdens and treasures to far olf lands; others like the foam, sparkle for a moment in tho sunlight and then aro sust upon tho rocks or dissolved in empty air. Ho who has acquired tho art of making the best of everything, will make evsry- thing best, and will honco, relatively to his thoughts and fool ings, havo tho best all tho time. Ho will of course bo a contented and happy man, no matter what may bo tho environments of his early condition. Spunk Kindly. A young lady had gone out to take a walk; she forgot to take her purse with her, and had no money in her pocket. Presently she met a little girl with a basket on her arm. "Please, miss, will you buy something from my basket?" said tho little girf, showing a variety of book marks, watch cases, needle books, etc. "lam sorry 1 can't buy anytiing today," said tho young lady. "1 haven't any money with me. Your things look very pretty." She stopped a moment and spoke a fow kind words to tho girl, and then, an sho passed, she said again. "1 am very sorry I can't buy anything from you to-day. " "Oh, HUBS," said the little girl, "you've done me just as much good as if you had. Most persons that 1 moot, say, 'Got away with you!' but you have spoken kindly t? int. and I feel a heap b.'ttor," That was "considering the poor." How little it costs to do that! Let us speak kindly and gently to tho poor and suffe? j ing. If wo have nothing else to->«^, .«/9 us give them our sympathy. /" w tf °f - ' CONIHCNSEU NM5W Via T of state, Frederick George Maeder, dying in Now York. President Smith and several members of the Kansas at" to board of agriculture have made application for space for the Kansas exhibit at tho world's fair. At an election of the Southern Pacific railroad, in San Francisco, the old board of directors was n'-elocted, thus insuring tho re-election of Huntington. General Manager Chappoll, of the Alton road, is not disturbed pvur the boycott declared against his lino by the eastern roads. At Memphis Toof, McCowan & Co., wholesale grocers and owners of a cotton factory, have assigned, Their liabilities are 8127,000; assets, $875,000. Tno steamship Uachemiere from Mediterranean ports, detained at quarantine with a case of contagious disease on board, has 1,600 Italian immigrants, tho largest number of Italians ever brought to New York by one vessel. The Sioux City Journal states that the reports sent out regarding the wholesale starvation of cattle in that section by rea son of feed shortage aro absolutely ur founded. The conspirators who tried to get hola of Loring A. Robertson's millions in New York were all indicted by tin grand jury with the exception of Lawyer Bdker. Mrs. Lillian M. Hall, lecturer of Ellington. Conn., grauge, and a prominent society woman, was arrested charged with fraudulent use oi the mails. The London Chronicle say s the marquis of Lausdown intimated a desire to resign the viceroyship of India on account of ill health and othei reisons. The Sun Jacinto estate has commenced the reduction of acres at Riverside, C*vi., Fifty extensive lodes of tin have been discovered, A dispatch from Calcutta says: Miruuz4i disorders are spreading, and | Afghans are Uecowi»g exp^ duct of the ameer of

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