The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on April 8, 1891 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Wednesday, April 8, 1891
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THE TJPPEB DES MO1NE& AMONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY^ APRIL 8, 189L The Upper Des Moines BY INGHAM & WARREN. If' terms of the Upper DCS MolncH; One copy, one year M.j>' Ohe copy, six months ' One copy, three months.. *' Sent to any address ivt above rates. Remit by draft, money order, express order wrjjostal note at our rttw. Biites of advertising sent on application. Tho death of J. B. Grinnell at hi homo lost week removed a mnn wol known in Kossuth county. Ho wai owner of a farm and other lands hero and was a frequent visitor. At th Jforthwostorn Dairymen's convention some years ago ho was a conspicuou figure. His last public appearance wa as ono of tho speakers at tho decoration •day exercises two years ago. His ca reef has been reviewed in detail since his death, and discloses a remarkable man. An orphan at 10, ho educated himself for tho ministry. Then collect ing a colony ho came to Iowa, and talc ing several thousand acres oslablishct tho town of GrinnolL Ho built lowi college, founded tho Congrogationu church, became a delegate to tho Lin coin convention, in 1802 wont to con gross, was ro-cleetcd in 1804, barely missed being governor and Unitcc Slates senator, and then wont with tho Grooloy movement in 1872. In business ho was connected with building six railroads, laid out llvo towns, was bnnli president, an admitted lawyer, a practical farmer, and author of various books and addresses. His life was ono of great activity. It was also ono o: usefulness. His connection with tho Iowa Central railway was not fortunate for him, but it left no permanent blol on his reputation. Ho died respected >by his neighbors and mourned by the town ho founded and tho people of tho atato who benefltted by his labors. J/KT THIS HKATIIEX 11AGE. G. W. Smalloy, inilils London lottoi to tho Now York Tribune, sends tho opinion of a gentleman on tho Now Orleans house cleaning which has tho proper ring. Tho writer is described as " one of tho most distinguished of living jurists, ono whoso personal character and public services aro not loss remarkable than Jiis legal attain- .inonts." Ho writes to Mr. Smalloy: " Nothing bus given uie so much satisfaction for u long time as the uprising at Now Orleans. God speed till such good works! Xhoro is no doubt thut tho effect will bo .snost wholesome. I tun, however, in favor of ia largo indemnity to Italy, payable iu Italians." This is good American doctrine, and fortunately has tho active endorsement of tho English press and English public opinion. If Italy wants {indemnity for her executed banditti, lot her take it in ajfow ship loads of her exported pau- •poitJ and jail birds. If sho wants any thing else lot her whistle vfor it. Tho idea of any international (Complications ovor tho death of a do/en,snoro or loss, of tho scum descendants of ihmaronl and bandits, half beggar and half theif, is absurd. Andrew Jackson won part of Ills deserved fame by executing with dispatch tho inciters of insurrection in Florida, illegally. New Orleans vindicated again tho Anglo Saxoa determination to have law and order if it has to bretik law and order to get it, by shooting tho Italian cut throats. If America ever apologizes for tho aot, it will go touclc on tho spirit whicli made andlkeqps us a free people. W4IAT IS lllOING 1JONK. Lalo difipitohes show what has already beon accomplished by tho administration iln opening foreign markets for our faum products, and what is still 'They aro calculated to still i tho feeling of onthus- iasm tho farmers in Iowa feel at tho opening of tho present season, and to uonvinco them that out of tho tariff discussion they ,lm\ve secured something substantial. iWo givo a few of the many reports: "WAHHINO.TOX, ID. C., April 1.— [Special.] The 'Brazilian steimifcliip Finance, bound from Now York to Brazilian ports, has token on $50,000 worth of American farm products at Newport/News. Tho shippers' manifests of this part of tho cargo, which tlie postmaster general had an opportunity to examine toduy, disclosed that tho following states shipped ,tho fallowing articles : Maryland, l.TTOIUegs and 800 cases of lard and 11 kegs of bacon ; Kansas, 891 barrels and 47 kegs of bacon and 1150 kegs of lard : Illinois, 105 barrels and 10 kegs of bacon and 1,705 Uogs of lard ; Ohio, 500 barrels of flour and 50 kegs of lord; \V.ivginia, 4,000 .barrels of Hour; .Missouri, (!00 barrels of <Bour." "WASHixiiTON, D. -C., March UO.— Thoreci- prpuity nogotiatiomi with Mexico are still pending, but conlldoiico is Q.xproseod at the state department ttiat a satisfuotoay ar- jraugomont will bo concluded soon. The Mexican authorities are » little slow to re- Siojud, in' view of tho fact, thut tho Inat com- .Hiewiul treaty in 1883, -w.as allowed to become inoperative through tho fuiluvo^f tho JIOUBO to enact tho tariff laws necessary to £ive it tho effect. According to prevalent a-eports, tho Mexicans are oven now not Ovea-Auxlous to outer into wsuiprouitv with tho Uaiitod States, \yl»Uo on the other hajid tlie ICivusas fanners aro said to bo already wiatiug envious oyos upon Mexico as a market for tho hundred million bushels of surplus corn which aro promised this veac Tho duty of corn into Mexico is :>S cunts a ibuahol, n practically prohibitive tariff. At tho state department, as well as «t tho Mexican k^ation, it is admitted that negotiations have commenced, and tijo legation iB.ovorruu with inquiries from American juuuiufuctuujrs on cue hand and from Mexicans on tho other. The treaty will bo con, however, if such u thing is possible, and .Secretary Blaino can bo depended upou to 8»d tho possibility." ' "M/u>Kin, March 81.— Mr. John W. Foster, the special commiBioner of tho United States, has had further interviews with {Souoi- Cunovus uud the Minister for tho colonies with regard to tho question of reciprocity. The negotiations aro certainly progressing, but gi'PDt reserve is shown ou both sides, and littlo is therefore kuoivu of •jtoe discussions, The ehUtf difttoultJr has been the Spanish demands on tho subject o tobacco, if these are satisfied the hegotia tions aro likely to be brought to a satisfactory conclusion. Both Mr. 'foster and Mr >T. G. Blainc Jr. were received in audience by the queen today." In addition to these is a report from the consul at Zurich, Switzerland, o tho success attending the firstfihipmen of American cattle to that country, jus made: " A committee proceeded to Antwerp an purchased 110 Chicago beeves from a cfirg arriving Micro by the steamer DeUuytei which left Now York November 1. Th cattle reached Antwerp on the 10th and n, 10 p. in. on the following evening wer shipped .In elevcu through cars ns fas freight for Bnsle. reaching here (Zurich on tho 20th at fijfW p. m. ih good conditio and within less than three weeks from Ne\ York. The round price paid at Antwer was 75 centimes (15 cents) per kilogram, o about seven cente per English pound. Th freight for tho entire lot from Antwerp t Bnalo was 4,'WO francs (£840.20), which 1 rather higher than will bo paid for subsc quent shipments. The cattle found a read market nt once. Zurich took 80; Basle Born, and St. Gallo cac'h twenty, and Win tcrthur and Brugg each ten head, and th beef was pronounced to bo excellent i quality. It waa sold off at tho usual sellln price (about 17 cents per pound), an proved quite inadequate to tho deman which had boon created by tho news of th experiment being made." Tho Carroll Herald clips a news itei on tho proposed tin factory at DCS Molne from our columns and says: " THE Uri'E DBS MOINES did some lively kickingagains tho McICinley tin schedule last year. So far as tho tin tariff goes it is a mino matter in view of what Blaino finally so cured, and was minor in tho whole tarif discussion—as indeed all details were. Th tin tariff lias yet to bo vindicated, but i It never is thore.te no occasion for furthe kicking" so long as in tho main tho tariff legislation turned out right. Tho kick o the low tariff republicans undoubtedly on courugod Bluino to.muko a stand, and hi stand brings in tho best tariff policy pro posed since, tho war. While tho farmer i getting a widening market for his produce ho can pay tho tin tax, and if wo got som tin factoriessoven at big cost wo aro tha much better off. Whether tho tariff is lov or high on any specific article is a smal matter compared to tho general commercla policy of tho country, which now fortunate ly is for tho widest exchange cousisten with our present scalo of wages. Wha. THIS Ui'i'Kit DES MOINISS really kicked against was tho Chinese wall theory of ro ducing tho farmer into simply supplying iho homo market. Tho DCS Moiucs Capital says tha. now additions to itho gubernatorial possi bilitlcs aro: "Senator McCoy, ex-Gov lear, ox-Gov, C. C. Carpenter, James Wil son, andUailrooUCommissioner Campbell.' Tho Capital adds: " Wo have since learned that ox-Gov. Gear is an actual candidate and it is probable Ben McCoy will be. Ono man not so far .publicly mentioned, who would bo very strong, is tho Hon. John Y Stone." tTho .Council Bluffs Nonparci adds Senator Young's name to tho list. The Gate City .would rule nearly all these out, for it says tho candidate must bo i farmer. Carl Snyder's present position on the Washington Post is a fitting recognition of -ho brilliant writing ho did while at Council Bluffs. Ho will make a.onark in city jour mlism. Leo Mahin of the Muscatine Journal and one of the most promising young jour- mlists of tho state, goes to tulto a positioi on tho Chicago Times. IN THIS HEIGHBOBHOOD. Wm. Ward had a good audience at lis Corwith lecture. Livormoro Gazette: Lilly Howard of Algona is visiting in town. C. W. Von Coeln is likely to be at tho head of tho Carroll ncu-mal school Corwith Crcsont: A. W. Moffatt of Algona was in our city last Saturday md made the Crescent oilioe a pleasant call. Informations have been filed against ill the Humboldt druggists-but one for •iolating tho liquor law. Detectives uivo boon at work. Henry Baxter of Spirit Lake was told )hat arsenic would not hurt ; hogs, and hat it was good medicine. After pois- >ning eight porkers Henry thinks there uust be SQUIO mistake about it. Tho Eaglo Grove gun olub wall hold heir lirst annual tournament ou April ,1 and 22. Tho prizes are very liberal ind the attendance from this section of ho state will be large. A good time is inticipated. D. Manwaring's many friends will 'be "•lad to hear of his good luek. 'Tho Corwith Crescent says: D. Miuiwa/r- ng roceivod notice that he had been illowed $12 a month pension. The une.not is doing tho fair thing by Dho Joys. Tho 3£tmnetsburg Reporter says: Pho Algona people aro already tired of ho WJieeler-Nelson outfit that hung round Emmotsbarg for a year or two. This is the Jamily where a husband and n ex-husband both live in the same louse here in town, Tho Humboldt Kosmos is not infalli- lo as a rule, tut it speaks tho the truth vhon it says: In Kossuth county wild md that was on the market at $5 an cro is now being sold for §15, and on an vorago land can bo said to have in- reused in value from §3 to $5 an acre. Dr. S. B. Olnoy, u Pt. Dodge pioneer, led at Huinmondton, N. J., March 31. lis death resulted from paralysis. Dr. Dlnoy was a prominent man in Iowa, ml for many years was a member of ho stato board of health. He was well nown to all old settlers in Kossuth. Senator- Browor is in the fancy horse ueiness ovor in Hancock county, ac- ording to the Signal, which says: Last week N. V. Brower sold his 2-vear Id trotting bred filly to G. G. Prftoh- rd of Bolmond, for S300 in U. S. legal endor. Tho senator thinks his bay nure, Kit, is about as good as govern- icnt bonds to keep for profit. Those who remember Miss Keith of he normal school will be interested in las item from the Webster City Freenan: Miss Kate Keith of Chicago wived in tho city last Saturday oven- "g for a visit with her sister, Miss Anna Keith. Both young ladies start ed Monday morning for Battle Creek Ida county, Iowa, for a week's visit witi their brothers at that place. Mis Keith is training to become a profes slo'nal nurse, while her sister is a teach or at Webster City. The races of the Spencer Trotting association will take place this year o July 2 to 4 inclusive. The purses wil amount to about $4,000. The Ruthven Press sa;^ " if the Association is as ex horbitant in its charges this year as i was last, we predict that their race will not bo largely attended. 60 cent is not a large amount of money, bit there was almost universal kicking o that price last year." Asa K. Smith finds that revival wor wears on him. He has gone to Dakot to work on a farm this summer. H tolls tho Gazette that he needs rest am recreation to begin tho battle anev next fall. He says the study did no bother him any but ho kept gettin into difficulty because ho could nc represent the views and beliefs of al the denominations; that people wante him to preach just what they though or not at all. Those who met M. J. Wade, the low City lawyer who was in the Dingloy-i Moffatt horso case at court, will be in terested in this note from tho low City Republican: Mr. M. J. Wade wil begin a series of, lectures on "Torts, in tho law department, April 1. H will lecture for six weeks, delivering ono lecture every morning at 8 o'clock Mr. Wade is the youngest attorney wh has served in that capacity, for man years, at least, and such a tribute b^ his alma mater, to one of her most bri] liant sons, is as complimentary as it d deserved. A week ago Saturday night thre Spencer boys broke open a freight ca and took therefrom a case of beer, caddy of tobacco and a pull of candy On Tuesday they were arrested by Dep uty Shorill Lewis and lodged in th county jail. On Wednesday they wer brought before Justice Hale for pro liminary examination, but asked an extension of time in which to prepar for trial, which was granted, the hear ing being set for Tuesday morning nex: at 7 o'clock. Failing to give bonds th boys were remanded to jail. Tho boys who went from Livermor to Washington aro sick. The Gazett says: Andrew Oleson writes to ono o the boys here from Washington tha unless ho can obtain employment soon there, ho will return. That there ar many there who would like employmen but cannot get it, and people with thei belongings all strapped upon thoi backs are hunting for a job every day We wish to remark in this connectior that two of the boys who thought of ac companying this party when they lef for Washington but who changed thei minds at tho last moment, are now em ployed on the farms for §22 per month for the summer. VIEWS OF PRESIDENT HAESISON Ho Tulles Freely About the Iiixte Con gross—Lending Issiies-Tlie Republl caiis Jfover Stronger. T. C. Crawford, the correspondent writes a long account to the New Yorl Tribune of a conversation with the pres ident a short time ago, in which he talked freely of political issues and th present standing of republicans. Speak ing of congress, he said: " In many ways it has been a most re markaclo congress. Tho work has been of a most remarkable character. Th work has been done in tho face of tre mendous criticism, and tho legislation evolved lias been the outgrowth of fierce contentions. Tho result is one that wil stand well in history, and one which the country will approve. The principle of majority rule has also been asserted in a marked degree, and an ad- lierence to that rule is, in my judgment, ;he one principle which will preserve ;he institutions of our country." Of the election bill he said: "It will not do for the people of any section to say that they must be let alone, that il s a local question to be settled by the states of whether we shall have honesl 3lections or not. This might be said il t were not for the fact that tho principle is at stake in national elections, and :hat the inequality is so great in the louse of representatives that it cannot be ignored. Whether it shall become v dominant issuo in the immediate cam- wign or in the near future is a question 'or the people to determine. It de- jends upon how much the public conscience is quickened regarding the prin- )lo of right in a question of whether ,ho northern part of the country will consent to such inequality of representa- >ion in the administration of national vff airs." Turning to the postal subsidy he said: 'What was passed by congress was ill I thought was practical and all that uld be safely accomplished as a pre- iminary step. In attempting anything new it is important to be conservative and to avoid extremes. I have always bought it best to begin with tho steamship lines. They afford swift and rapid transit. They have the carrying of the government mails and aro important elements in bringing us in touch with ountries with which wo are seeking to mpi-ove our trade relations. The im- jortance of this is shown in the enlarged oiuBierco which always follows the es- ablishnient of new steamer connections etw^en different countries. The peo- le of this country have always regard- d the South American countries as remote. This is on account of their not eing provided with easy and rapid uetlwxls of communication with this ountry. Whether it will be practical o go beyotsd the steamer lines and give id to the sailing vessels will be for the uture to determine. I am not now pre- ared to say whether this would be •ise. The step thus far taken is quite thin the limits of our present re- ources. Senator Frye noted the other ay the fact that our revenue from for- ign mails provides today a surplus of ver $1,500,000. We do not care to make loney out of our postal service, and this s a sum that can properly be used for he encouragement of quick means of ommuuication with the south." On being asked about the tariff he relied: "I think there should be no nore agitation on this subject until the loKinley bill has been fairly tried. It as been charged with numerous faults, 'hero is no reason why its workings liould bejN'ejudiced by malevolent pro- ictions. The bill has been already Ipng nough in operation to indicate that much that has been charged against i is untrue. A period should be permit ted to pass long enough to test fairly the character of the measure. Then, i it can be shown by such fair and impar tial trial that it has faults, let them be eliminated; but until such period i passed, I should be strongly against an; further agitation of the tariff question. As to the money question he said: " do not think that we need any mor financial legislation for the present What we have, too, should have its pe riod of trial. I do not see any presen or near future necessity of any furthe financial legislation. I have favorc silver coinage up to a point whora thought it could be safely used. It, i not always easy to determine exactl •the danger point. It is best, howevei to bo conservative, and I think we hav g-one about as far for the present in th direction of the free coihag°e of silver as can be done for the best interest of si! ver. To go further might result in de predating it. A depreciated dollar' first mission is to go out and cheat som workman in the payment of his day' wages. It is the poor man who feel first the ill effects of a cheapened cm rency." The president was asked about th reciprocity policy of the administralion He said: "I have been engaged for Ih past few days in considering variou subjects of treaty under this policy, have been doing what I could to urg along and develop tho possibllitie which I see in this now extension of ou trade. I boliovo that this policy wi result in great good." The president also talked of the ne\ navy. At the close of the talk I aske him, says Mr. Crawford, what h thought of the future of the republica party. The president said that ther was already a strong reaction in favo of the party, and that the future woul show that it was upon the side of goo .government and modern progress, an well merited tho confidence of the coun try. In expressing this opinion th .president said emphatically: " I thin it is about time to abolish the chaii rnanship of the apologetics for the re publican party." THE IBLAOKFOED HILL. A Now Itoad to Cut Through on IL Gregor Street—Commlsloiicr Coil nor's lloport. One of the most important proceed ings of tho county board was its agree ment, Monday, to cut through the hi west of town and raise the river bridg so as to give a light grade west of town in consideration of an agreement the part of the city to pay for the righ of way, and grade the road lying with in tho city limits. The old road wit! its steep and crooked hill has long bee almatter of complaint, and a large peti tion was sent to the board last year asli ing for a change.' T. H. Conner was ap pointed to view the proposed road o the section line, and filed tho followin, report: Tho undersigned, appointed by you commissioner to examine into and re port upon the extending of a road a before described, respectfully report that on itbe 31st of March, 1891, I ex arnined and measured the ground fo the proposed road, etc, I believe th proposed location would make a muc' better road than the circuitous one now in use and is very much needed to tak its place. Therefore I recommend th road as petitioned for. If the bridg should be raised eight feet above th present foundation, it would necessitat an excavation .of some 4,000 yards o dirt to fill between bridge and hill am at the west end of the bridge. Thi grade would be caused by raising th bridge and milking use of the dirt from the cut with .-a, short haul to the grade thereby making a light cut throug] the hill. This grade would not exceec one foot a nod, from the bridge to Me Gregor street. I also further repor that there .wall .be the cost of raising the bridge needed on said proposet highway, ,a-nd that the probable cos thereof with grade, ought not to exceec §500. Respectfully submitted. T. H. CONNER. Monday the -city council, pursuant to i resolution adopted last week, ap aeared before the board in a body to urge the board to open the road. The supervisors were reluctant to take ac iion without an appraisement of righ: of way. They agreed, however, to make the change if the city would pro vide the right of way. The council on consultation then adopted the following •esolution: Resolved, That tbo city pay for the right of way from the west end of McGre jor street to the junction with the present •oad on section line near bridge, the supervisors agreeing to build the grade and raise -he bridge as by commissioner's report anc 'acate the old road and allow the city the •ight to use the same in part payment foi .he new right of way. Nicoulin and Moffatt—absent, Blossom, Clock, Smith, Hinchon, Johns, Oleary—aye. The board took no formal action but ssured the city that they would make xn appraisement at once, and proceed vith the work, The Premium List. Bancroft Registsr: The Register ifflce will print tho premium list for the Cossuth County Agricultural society his year and will begin work on it iarly in April. The editor intends to ive all an opportunity to advertise herein at $4 per page; §2 for a half jage; $1 for a quarter page, as fixed by he society. If you are afraid of being eft out you can send in your order for pace any time. More Blooded Stock. Bancroft Register: Wm. Heather- haw is tho owner of a torn and five hen urkeys of the Mammoth Bronz variety •hich, surpass anything we have seen i the turkey lino. He got them from Cankakee Counts, 111., and paid a big rice for them, but we believe ho will e able to sell enough turkeys this fall t fancy prices to prove the investment good one. He has but the six turk- ys now having sold all of his scrubs. L. T. MARTIN of Humboldt wishes to nforrn his friends in this section that e will be on his old beat this season, is well known. Those requiring his ervices should wait his coming.-2t6 LAST week of the exhibit of lace cur- ains at the Grange Store. The ladies f our city should not fail to see them. ] SMALL farm to rent. M. L. Clarke. ' POULTRY ON THE MM. Mr. Donovan's Excellent Paper on Poultry Raising, Bead at the Farmers' Institute. Prefaced, However, by a Reference to the " History of the Hen Fever"— Burnam's Craze. A rare event in American history was the famous "hen fever" of 1849 to 1855, and a rare book it; Geo. P. Burnam's "History of thts Him Fever.' The fever began in Burnam's poultry yard and ended at a Shanghai feast in Burnam's fine mansion built out of the profits of the business. He was at the birth and death of the memorable craze and he wrote its history tho year i faded. It is a curious and entertaining recital. Burnam lived near Boston anc had for years bred common poultry A visitor had imported some Cochin Chinas, and out of a cross started the American fowl, tho " Plymouth Rock.' Ho visited Burnam, and a poultry ex hibitlon was suggested, to get a com parison of fowls. So began the firs poultry show held in Boston in Novem her, 18-19. Buruam imported six Coch ins for tho show of which ho say "since God made me I never behelc six such birds before or since. The; resembled giraffes much more nearl; than they did any other thing, fish flesh, or fowl. I let them out upon the floor and one of tho cocks seized lustil; upon my India rubber overshoe anc would have swallowed it for aught 7 know, had not a friend who stood nea: seized him and choked him off." Thi show was a novelty. It attracted grea crowds. Daniel Webster visited it anc refused to make a speech, holding tha the fowls had the floor. Burnam go the premium on his Cochins, and sole some at good prices. Then he got ou a catalogue, and then-his house becam a center for visitors. At last the era/,, began and the Shanghai had the run A western congressman addressing i farm meeting said that next to an hon est farmer and a beautiful woman tht Shanghai was the noblest work of God Prices for eggs went to $12 a dozen ant fowls sold at $20 apiece. Burnam im ported and bred and sold. He shrewd ly gave Henry Clay and Webster chick ens, and their letters went the round o the press. In the height of the craze he sent a coop of nine to Queen Victoria which she acknowledged by sending Burnam her picture, and which all tht London papers praised in long articles Orders in large numbers came from Europe, and chickens went as high in England as $80. The craze reached it" height when Barnum, the great shovi man, got up the great New York poul try show in February, 1854. But the business was then being overdone, anc people were finding that the Shanghais didn't lay eggs and ate more than horses. Besides some had ducks from their dollar apiece eggs, and one man out of some very extra eggs hac hatched a brood of mud turtles. Then the Chinese Mandarin swine, and Suf folk pigs came in for a run of humbug which depressed the fever, and in 185^ it came to a stop. In the meantime Burnam says he had spent $4,000, and sold upwards of $70,000 of chickens ir the six years. He foresaw the collapse Sold all his stock but a few, and when a last a Shanghai couldn't be given away got up a banquet for his brother breed ers, and to a table whose bill of fare in eluded a boiled cock which had been valued at $100, 25 sat down. Burnam in his toast said -pathetically, "tin Shanghai trade is done, gentlemen The demand for giraffe cocks, anc chaise top hens is passed." John G. Smith, who owns this odd and now scarce book, says Burnam's hous< was a well known place about Boston He made a fortune in the " hen fever,' but finally he lost it. While the immediate effect of the hen collapse was a poultry reaction, the business soon revived, and now even Burnam's prices are small, and the re cent New York show far outdid anything in those times. New and better breeds have supplanted the ungainly Shanghai. Of these the Plymouth Rock, Wyandotte, American Domin ique, Jersey Blue, and Java are Ameri can fowls. From these and the improved Asiatic birds like the modern Brahmas, and the Spanish birds, and Indian games, a great and profitable business has been built on a firm basis. This history of the American hen may not be an uninteresting prelude to Mr. Donovan's able paper on the value ol poultry on the farm. Poultry ou the Farm, Following is Mr. Donovan's paper: Of all the branches connected with farming there is no doubt but that the poultry department is the most neg ected and receives the least attention Just why such an important part should je overlooked I am unable to say, for it s my opinion that one receives more compensation from this source for the imount of money invested and time spent in labor than from any others. Now, then, if I am right, which I presume I am, you would naturally want ne to prove my assertion and give some •eason why I am so partisan in my be- ief. I answer by giving my experience. In the first place I keep an accu- •ate account of all receipts and expend- tures connected with the farm from me end of the year to the other; and at he beginning of each year I take an nventory of all stock oti hand at that ime. This places mo in a position to (ive an exact account of just what my horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, and poultry ire worth at that time. Jan. 1, 1889, I md 70 hens, invoiced at 20 cents each, hat being what they were worth at hat time. This equals $14 capital in- 'ested. From this I sold 539 dozen gas during the year, which averaged 4 4-5 cents a dozen, bringing me the nee sum of $63.76, or 91 cents a hen. idd to this what were consumed by the amily during the year, and I doubt if here are any present.who can make a letter showing for $ie amount invested n any other department on the farm. Almost any fewl, from the common arn-yard hen,,to the pure-blooded fowl, s capable of/producing, under proper are and management, ten dozen eggs a ear, which we will estimate at 10 cents dozen; that equals $1, or five times its alue. But it seems to me at this time I hear some critic say, " Donovan, dp you keep an account of how much corn and oats it takes to keep a fowl a year with those cereals at 35 cents? Do not your hens eat their heads off." I answer in the true yankee style by asking you the question, " Do you ever keep t an account of the grain wasted on the farm, Which would otherwise be lost if it was not for the little Leghorn hen which gathers up the fragments that nothing may be lost?" And even though she should eat her head off and you should lose the principal entirely, your dividend would be large enough to buy another to take her place and still have enough profit left to swell up the credit column on your ledger. Poultry is not only profitable for the amount of eggs produced or chickens raised; for we must take into consideration the amount of insects consumed during the year. And even the drop* pings of tho roost as a fertilizer for either garden or field are worth more than the cost of grain, producing enough more to make the chickens self supporting. Now, as for choice breeds I prefer the Plymouth Rock, as they are very hardy, good sized, round, plump breasted, smooth, yellow legged, good winter layers, and when half grown will always bring a good price in our home marke f "t 20 to 25 cents each. From this sou* ^e alone I have often received as high as $3 for a single brood, the quality of which many of our citizens present, who are lovers of the delicate dish, can attest. Chickens, as well as all other animals, appreciate kindness. They should become so tamo as to be handled without fear of having their heads wrung or their tails pulled out, so that when setting time comes they can be removed from the nest to some more convenient place, away from the laying hens. We generally take a nail keg, saw it in two in the middle, place a little fresh dirt in tho bottom, then fill up with clean straw. This makes a very convenient nest, easily handled, light, and does not take up much room. We generally set two or more hens at one time, so that when hatching time comes we.select the best mother of the two and give her all the chicks, confining the other for a few days with plenty of feed, and then returning to the flock. Then instead of confining the mother and giving the chickens their run, we make a good sized pen so the young cannot get out and let the mother loose with them. For food I take one-half corn meal, bran and shorts equal parts, as the meal is too heating. After a week they may be allowed to roam around picking up insects, grass, etc., which adds to the general healthfulness of the birds. But do not neglect giving them regular meals, for they will expect them, and will always come ' at your call. Give them all the pure fresh water and sweet or sour milk they want, with a warm dry coop at night. Many a brood have been lost by a storm coming up at night, and not having suitable coops or places to keep them dry. Keep the coop clean by removing to fresh grounds. As the chickens grow up the old ground becomes very filthy.' Clean out your poultry house through the summer as often as once in two weeks, but every week would be better. Sprinkle sulph- er, lime, or insect powder on roost and in corners, with once in awhile a little carbolic acid as 'a disinfectant. It is far easier to ward off cholera than to cure it after it once gets into the flock. One thing I have noticed, from the time spring opens until the snow covers the ground, the common white clover seems to be eagerly sought for by poultry. I have an abundance of it where the fowls run every day. I believe this is one of the best egg producing foods that wo can give both winter, and summer, and perhaps this is one reason why I have been so successful in this branch. E. W. DONOVAN. DEOLAMATION AND DISCUSSION. Arena's Two School Events -The High School Contest-The Teachers' Meeting. The declamation contest of the high school will be held on Friday evening of this week, the 10th inst., at*8 o'clock in the Congregational church. Following; is the programme in full: Invocatlon .......... • • Rev. w. E. Davidson SBS5"i»w ..... ""EMS! On Board the Oumberfand ...... iilbert T?t«l " How He Saved St. Miehaeis'-i^Lu'ey Clock -TsWfe^^^ The first prize will consist of the honor of representing the high school m the State Declamatory contest to be held in Monticello, April 24 Th« second and third prizes will consist of wm h« h n adm ttance fee ' of 25 cents will be charged in order to defray expenses of delegate to Monticello, prizes etc Everybody is cordially invited. ' The county teachers' meeting wil beheld at the school house Saturday beginning in the morning at , 10 o'clock This meeting will be of interest to all 01m be A Military Order. ALGONA, April, 3 — T omn F ut ' By H. J^EDENS, First Sergeant. Masonic Special.

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