THE UPPER DES MOINES: ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 1, 1891 The Upper Des Moines. BY INGHAM & WARREN. Terms of Tlic Upper DM Molne*: One copy, one year W.flO One copy, Blx months J» One copy, three months *u Sent to any address at above rales. Remit by draft, money order, express order, or postal note at our risk. Rates of advertising sent on application^ JlATtAVAY TAXKS IX KO.S8tr.TIt. The action of tho executive council last week adds a valuation of §1,000 a mile on oneh mile of the Northwestern road in the county, in all about $48,000 increase. This addition not only aids the county in tho matter of taxable assets, but shows that an official examination discloses an increasing value in this branch of tho Northwestern road. It is now assessed at $500 a milo more than this Milwaukee division, and is undoubtedly one of the best paying linos of the Northwestern system. That it docs not yet give a. first class passenger service is one of tho remarkable features of its management. As to tho general question of the assessment of railway properly we have investigated tho figures furnished in iho county records. Those show that in tho four towns out of Algona the railways pay a largo proportion of tho taxes, whether as largo as they should IB of course in dispute. Tho official figures for Greenwood township including Bancroft show a total taxable valuation of personal property of $27,870, whereas tho railways are assessed at$32,850, and tho total real estate valuation of Bancroft is but S20,8!10. In Lu Verne town.«hip tho railways are assessed at 833,375, tho personal property at §18,020, •••* and tho real estate of tho town at $15,.664. In Wesley township tho railways are assessed at $24,070, tho personal property at $21,015, and tho real estate of tho town at $9,050. In Wliiltomoro township tho railways are assesed at $31,400, tho personal property ot $21,- C83, and tho real estate of tho town at $10,790. In all of these townships the railways pa.y considerable more than •the personal property, and very much more than tho real estate of the incorporated towns. It was insisted by tho farmers' alliance representatives at Des Moincs that tho railway assosmcnt "foe more than doubled. Taking Greenwood as an illustration tho taxable value would then stand, railways about §70,000, personal property $27,870, and the total city real estate value $20,830. This might bo a fair relative valuation, and it might not. Tho executive council very unanimously decided that it would not. Under tho existing valuation tho railways in tho county furnish one- ninth of tho total taxable property and pay one-ninth of tho taxes. With tho increased assessment of tho Northwestern tho roads will pay more than ono- oighth of tho taxes. We question very much whether they represent more than one-eighth of tho actual property '.ol tho county, or get more than one- eighth ot tho profits of each year's business. It is morally certain that they do not represent one fourth of tho property and business of tho county, as they should if their assessments were . more than doubled. TO \IK HKVIVKl). A legal proceeding of interest was "begun last week in Des Moinos. If it accomplishes its object the supremo court will pass again upon tho validity of tho prohibitory amendment of 1882. There are but two of the judges on the bench now who rendered tho decision then, and one of them, Judge Beck, hold tho amendment valid, If tho ease c&mfts to court now again for judgment no one can toll what opinion may be rendered. Tho amendment may bo held to have been legally adopted, and in that event the prohibition issue would assume a very dill'erent phase. Tho method adopted to revive this question is ingenious. Lawyer Harvey, of tho temperance alliance, went to secretary of state McKarland last week and paying the foes, demanded a certified copy of the state constitution with tho amendment of 1882. As there was no suoh amendment, Mr. MoFarland on consultation refused to make such copy. Action is now brought asking a mandamus ordering tho secretary to make tho copy. Of course this raises tho question in court whether in fact tho amendment of 1882 is a legal amendment. Whether tho court will go over tho original controversy, or can bo compelled to in this proceeding, is to bo aeon. In any event tho attempt will bo watched with interest. THU NKW 1'01,1CY. Reports from Washington show that under the new inspection law and Joro Rusk's vigorous work in the agricultural department, that the exports of beef cattle for January and February have increased 82 per cent, over the ox- ports for the same months a year ago. It is also reported that unless Germany and other European boot sugar countries remove their restrictions on our pork that President Harrison will notify them that tho tariff will bo retained on sugar us against them, and thatartl- icle admitted free only from countries extending us like courtesy. It is still further reported that Mr. Foster, who is in Spain to negotiate treaties for reciprocal trade with Cuba and oth\r Spanish possessions is meeting wivh very distinguished consideration, and that new southern markets will be secured on the conditions obtained from Brazil. Tho administration is pushing this new policy of extending American commerce in those lines where wo can profit by it with vigor, and tho effects are already being felt. Cattle are already advancing in value, and a great stimulus will be felt all along tho line of agricultural production. The west is securing what it has long demanded. The surplus farm product of the country will soon find a wide market in exchange for those commodities whoso free admission in no way injures our homo industries, or reduces our homo wages. - ^^^____._____ The Sioux City Journal has an edit- orinl on the text it states as follows: " Ex- Scnntor Chubb, a representative Iowa farmer, truly says; ' It is sure as the sun rises that the man who continues to sell below cost will come to grief sooner or later.' TI It says: "There could bo hardly a more complete refutation of Gov. Boies' misrepresentation of Iowa farming than the fact that there is not universal bankruptcy among lowu farmers." Sam Clark sizes Ingalls up and says: " Ho poses as a trenchant phrase-maker, a student of invective, a public male scold, the counterpart of that Mrs. Lease of his own state who adopting his own fashion of political speech has been his nemesis and scolded him out of public life, his petticoat- cd master In the art of lurid speech." Capt. Hull is back from a Washington visit and tells his DCS Mollies friends that for tho coining presidential nomination Blaino is the favorite. Ho adds that he is " the greatest leader on the continent, but it is too early to forecast results, and it will not do to leave Harrison out of the calculations of tho future." Tho farmers of the Tenth district favor free coinage of American silver, according to their platform at Ft. Dodgo. This is what Blaino has proposed, and this is what tho republican party will propose if tho present law does not prove sufficient bring all American silver into use as money. 'Cyrus Cole, who isassociate editor on the Register, is a native of Pella. Ho has worked at journalism six years, and succeeded Win. A. Jones in his present position. He is one of the level headed and influential writers of tho state. The Sioux City Journal has faith in Elaine: "If .Tamos G. Blaino can solve tho tariff question by tho development of his reciprocity policy, James G. Blaine is the man who can solve the silver question with a practical policy." Tho Des Moines Capital has completed its first year under Senator Young. It has succeeded bettor than ho expected, and is recognized as one of tho best dailies in tho state. It is always bright, aggressive, and newsy. Our Webster City neighbors are all enlarging. Tho Freeman goes to an eight- column, and the Graphic and Tribune to seven-column quartos. " Tho Brazen Android" is the curious title of a story in two parts, by the late William Douglas O'Connor, which has the place of honor in tho Atlantic for April. It is a story of old London, and its ancient life is wonderfully reconstructed by tho vivid imagination of tho author. Mr. Stockton's " House of Martha" continues in its usual rollicking fashion for three more chapters, and Mr. Lowell's traveler pursues his way through " Noto: An Unexplored Corner of Japan." Francis Parkman's second paper on " The Capture of Louisburg by tho Now England Militia." is marked by tho skill and care which Mr. Pnrkman devotes to everything which ho writes. Tho April St. Nicholas opens with a delightful illustrated sketch by Mrs. Footo, Tho Gates on Grandfather's farm,"—ro- minicencos of a Now England farm suggested by tho associations with its old gateways. It is full of fooling and while not beyond tho young readers, will bo fully appreciated only by their elders. Mr. Wolls gives us further autographs from his remarkable collection, especially a complete sot of tho presidents' signatures, and a charming letter from Thackory, hitherto unpublished. It is entirely characteristic of tho groat author and suggestive of his poom, "Tho White Squall." One of tho most famous pictures of tho world has boon engraved by Mr. Cole for tho frontspiece of tho April Century, tho Mouii Lisa of Leonardo da Vinci. This is in The Century's series of old masters, engraved immediately from the originals in tho galleries of Europe. In tho California series Mr. Julius II, Pratt gives a graphic description of the emigration to California by way of Panama in '-19. Tho pictures are very striking, having been drawn by Gilbert Gaul, after originals nuulo from life by an artist in 1850. Seribnor's Magazine for April marks tho beginning of tho richly illustrated series on"Ocoun Steamships" which, it is bo- loivod will bo as successful as tho " Hailway" and '-Electric" series. Tho most competent authorities have boon ohoson to write of "Ocean Passenger Travel," " Tho Ship's Company," " Safety at Sea," Speed," and tho " Lines of tho World." Original drawings by skilful artists (who have beou granted special privileges for study by tho various steamship companies) will ilustruto each paper. IN THIS NEIGHBORHOOD. David Miller of Dows claims to be tho champion checker player in the state. Knoxvilla Express: Miss Jessamine Jones of Algona, Iowa, will visit jMiss Nettie Herrick this week. / Twenty-nine cars belonging tp emigrants arrived in Britt last weotf. This makes foiHy-nino that have arrived at that station this winter. They scatter out over the county and are actual settlers. That is the way this country is settling up. The Eagle Grove Gazette says Rev. Phil. C, Hanna expects to leave for his post at Laguyara, Venezuela, in about sixty days. D. W. Burlingame, an old Algonian, has been acting as expert in straightening up the county clerk's books in Cedar county. Boone Republican: T. Robinson and wife of Algona are visiting their daughter, Mrs. J. B. Clapp, on their return trip home from Illinois. Nearly a score of Fort Dodge girls have organized themselves into an act- ive'society of physical culture, and purpose to build up their bodies by the use of gymnastics. G. S. McPherson of Wesley was the Kossuth delegate to the Tenth district farmers' alliance meeting at Fort Dodge last week. Tho new organization for the district adopted a long platform containing some good and many hazy declarations. At last the car stove has done up a railway man. The Corwith Crescent says: The conductor on the morning freight injured himself by lifting on a stove in Lu Verne, and when he arrived in Corwith was obliged to call medical aid. Tho injury, though painful, will not prove dangerous. James Hunt of Liyermoro last week sold 19 fat steers that had been fed since last spring for five cents per pound, an average of 1,000 pounds, or §80 each, an aggregate of $1520, which is said to be the highest price paid there in the past nine years, and as a lot were probably the best that ever went from that town. Eagle Grove Gazette: A meeting for the purpose of organizing a racing circuit, comprising the counties of Kossuth, Ilumboldt, Hamilton and Wright, was to meet in our city last Thursday, but on account of a misunderstanding as to the day for the meeting, nothing was done. Another meeting will bo called soon. Winnebago county has sold for actual settlement and occupancy within the last four months 300 quarter sections of land, upon which will be built new houses the coming spring and summer. There will be broken more than 40,OOC acres of prairie the coming season, and more than 200 carloads of emigrants' goods will be unloaded at Forest City this summer. Emmetsburg Reporter: Through an oversight tho Reporter failed to mention last week the marriage at Algona, on the 18th inst., of Mr. Asel Letson ol Emmetstaurg to Miss Edith Alvord of Algona. Mr. Letson is one of Palo Alto's best and most highly respected young men, and his bride is said to be in every way worthy of such an excellent husband. Mr. and Mrs. Letson have moved on to their farm about four miles east of Emmetsburg. Wm. Ward's great fund of scientiilc knowledge is being drawn on in Hancock county. In reporting a lecture tlie Crescent says: Many of our citizens are, figuratively speaking, kicking themselves because they failed in attending the lecture of Wm. Ward last Thursday evening. The universal verdict of those who heard it was that no scientific lecture of equal practical value has ever beeti delivered in this town. Jas. Eldei came up from Concord, and speaking of it afterward said, "I was more than pleased, I was absolutely delighted.' Mr. Ward has something to say. He knows what it is, and ho says it in such a manner that he holds tho undivided attention of his audience from beginning to end. THEN AND NOW. Some Statistics on Our County .Schools In 18o(J—The Uny of Two Schools In Kossuth. Lewis H. Smith, in ransacking some old volumes last week, found a school report of Iowa for 1850, and in it the report for Kossuth county. It will do those who think wo don't progress any good to look over the figures. Where now we have about 140 districts, there then were but four; where now we have a school population of 4,667, then there were but 150; where now we maintain 154 schools or school rooms, then there were but two in the county. Fifty-two pupils attended the two schools. No male teachers are reported in the county, and but two female. Tho wages paid were $20 a month, and 91 days in the year was the total taught. Some ol tho teachers who complain of their pay will enjoy imagining what teaching meant in 1856 at $20 a month. Tho report covers all the counties in tho state, and from it it appears that wo today have more districts, more schools, moro teachers employed, and pay higher wages than any county in Iowa did in 1856. Only six counties then had a larger school population than we have now. Among our neighboring counties Humboldt had no schools at all that year, Hancock was not organized, Winnebago was not organized, Palo Alto, Emmet, Dickinson and Pocahontas likewise wore not known. Webster had 10 schools; Cerro Gordo, 11; Hamilton, •six; and Wright, four. In the state there were only 2,706 schools, with 20,670 pupils, andbut2,996 teachers. The total school population of Iowa was but 195,285. Mr. Wright of West Bend Discusses the Question of Cheese Making 1 from His Standpoint. NEW PITY OFFIOEBS. S. S. Sessions, A. V. Dnlloy mid A, 12. Choiioy Chosen by tho City Council— ICoutiiiu Mutters. The regular March mooting of the city council was hold Saturday evening, and tho city marshal, clerk and street commissioner were elected. A. F. Dailey was re-elected marshal by unanimous vote, S. S. Sessions was elected clerk on on the third ballot, and A. E. Cheney was elected street commissioner on the second ballot. Mr. Sampson refused to take a re-election as street commissioner. The council audited and allowed a lot of bills and did other business. Mr. Stephens appeared and explained the various methods he was willing to em ploy to got a well, but the council took no action further than it has already, extending his time. A petition was presented to the council asking the members to interest themselves in better roads, which was favorably considered. CHEESE AS WE MAKE IT, He Says the Varieties Manufactured Ate as Shown by the Prices—Some Practical Hints. Following is the paper of Mr. Wright of West Bend, read at the late farmers' institute: In speaking of cheese making I desire to state at the outset that I shall treat the subject from tho standpoint of tho private dairyman and chcesemaker, who handles only the milk of his own cows, and who, as a natural result of these conditions, has to do with n more pure, wholesome and better conditioned milk than the factoryman, who has to deal with the milk from a multitude of farms, after being carried long distances in closed cans, ofttimes in hot weather, the (managers of which care little for the matter of cleanliness or purity of their milk, providing that it will pass muster at the factory. It is a fact apparent to everyone that of all articles of 'liet there is none in which a greater variety of quality is to be found than in cheese. In addition to our own taste, a glance at the market reports gives us convincing proof of the, fact already stated. We find today a range in price of from two to twelve cents per pound—a difference of HOO per cent, in tho quality of this necessary article of food. Now tho question naturally arises, why this difference, when all is made from milk, which, when drawn from the cow, is nearly of uniform quality? I believe there are three general causes, each of which tends, in a greater or less degree, to deteriorate tho quality of this production. First—untidiness, in milking and in handling the milk through the whole process oi cheese making. Second—lack of skill in tho manufacturing process. Third—downright rascality in robbing the milk of its cream, and then, especially during the last few years, introducing cheap substitutes for the butter fat, thus taken away. First, iu regard to untidiness in milkine: It is a practice altogether too common in milking a cow to go at it without first care fully brushing from the udder any adher ing filth that may have accumulated, anc then wetting the teats, so that the solution thus formed goes into the pail, producing ii the cheese a distinctively "barn yard" fla vor, much to the disgust of those unfortu nates who have paid their money and ex pect an equivalent in return. Some two years ago, and before wo commenced to make cheese in this state, I stepped into j store in an adjoining county, the proprietor of which I had never before seen, and as we were discussing cheese matters, I asked tc sample his cheese, and after doing so anc finding the flavor like that before spoken of I asked, "What is the matter with the cheese?" His reply was, "There was too much manure in the milk pail." We can not exercise too much care in these respects especially when the cows are stabled, anc also in keeping all utensils perfectly cleat and sweet, so that the milk may go into the vat as pure and free from imperfections as when first drawn. I have stated that lack of skill in manu facturing is one cause of much poor cheese The cheese maker has much to contend with at best in this matter of taint, hot, sultry weather, imperfect rennet, ill-conditionec curing room, and many other things, so tha it requires years of close observation anc practice and a readiness to profit by the ex pericnce of others to enable him to make an article uniformly good and that will retain its good qualities until it is placed on the consumer's table. The practice of removing the cream from milk that is to be made into cheese is one to be severely condemned. A .story is told o an Irishman who began working for a farm er who skimmed his milk on both sides, to use a figurative expression, and then made what was left into something called cheese At the second or third meal he began to spread his cheese with butter, when the farmer said, " Mike, what are you doing there?" -'Bedad," said Mike, "they grew together, and bad luck to the man that ivei tuck'em apart!" The practice of adulter ating cheese has of late years grown tosucl an extent that many persons who are naturally fond of it will not eat it unless they know whose make it is, as a guarantee tha it is a pure article and fit for tho human stomach. During the early part of 1800, while we were canvassing the matter of takingup the business of cheese making in Kossuth coun ty, which we had laid down in New Yorli two years previously, I met a well-informec long-time resident of Pocahontas county and I asked his opinion in regard to our be ing able to find a market for the cheese o: tiO or 70 cows at nearby points. His reply was that it would bo difficult to do it, as people did not use cheese hero very much There had been so much poor, " doctored' cheese offered for sale that they had ac quired a disrelish for it, and we would hav to build up a trade in this line. To most of you the details of cheese mak ing may bo of little interest, but perhaps there are a few who are interested in the subject and who would like to know oui practice from beginning tp end. For the gratification of such I will, as briefly as possible, describe our practice. First, wo start with good grade Shorthorn cows of a milking family. In addition to those we already had, wo purchased, in June last, twenty head from a man in an eastern county who hud carried on a dairy cheese business for moro than forty years, thirty flvo of which had been spent in Iowa, and who, during all that time, had been breed ing for milk, selecting heifers from his bes cows only and using a sire whose progeni tors on the dam's side had been superioi milkers for several generations. These cows have proved very satisfactory, being easy and deep milkers, inclined to give mill for a long period, and of a remarkably quiet disposition. Wo began feeding our cows oats in the sheaf last summer as soon us the wild grass begun to fail, and later we fee shocked corn, thus keeping up the flow of milk and adding materially to its quality and tho quality of the cheese made from it Wo use a self heating vat, known as the " Oneidu," into which the night's milk is placed and stirred and cooled as rapidly as possible by surrounding it with cold water until the temperature is reduced to 05 do grees, Fahrenheit. In the morning the orcam is removed and added to tho morn ing's milk us it is poured through the cloth strainer of two thicknesses into the vat The temperature is then raised to about 8( degrees, and the rennet added in sufficient quantity to cause tho milk to begin to thick en in about 15 minutes. When the curd has become sufficiently firm it is cut lengthwise of the vat with a curd knife, and in aboui 15 minutes moro it is cut crosswise. It is then allowed to remain until tho whey has separated sufficiently to well cover tho curd when heat is again applied and the temperature very slowly raised to about 98 degrees Frequent and careful stirring of tho curd is practiced during the heating process, so as not to allow it to become packed at the bot torn of tho vat. The curd is allowed to remain in the whey for a period of from two to four hours, until it becomes sufficiently firm, when the latter is drawn off and the curd is aired and then salted at the rate oi four ounces of salt to each 100 pounds of milk. When the curd has become cooled to the proper temperature it is put into the hoops uud pressure gradually applied with screws. Our standard size of cheese is about 83 pounds, but we make Young Americas of about ten pounds weight. After tho cheese has beou iu tho press a few hours il is taken out, the bandages readjusted auc the pressing continued till the next morning, wheu they are removed to the curing ootn, there to remain till the curing process s completed, which in summer requires about 30 days, and in winter a _ couple of weeks longer. Our curing room isDmade of shiplap and clapboards outside the studding uncf sealed up inside. We export, however, o lath and plaster on the inside before commencing operations this spring, which will give us two dead-air spaces in the wans, riving us a room cool iu summer and warm n winter. We used a hard coal heater this winter which furnished an even tempera- urc, a very important point in a curing room. In conclusion, let me say that our system ms been satisfactory, that we have found in abundant market for our product, and vo propose to further extend our operations by buying the milk of n, few of our icar neighbors whom \ve know to be careful and tidy in their habits in regard to dairy matters. _ ^ THE TEAOHEB8 WILL MEET. Full Programme of the Series of Meetings to be Ileld Next Week. Wo publish this week the programme in full for the series of educational meetings to be held in the county beginning Bancroft next Monday at 10 o'clock a. m. Those who are not immediately interested in tho meetings will be interested in seeing what educational work is being done, and how excellenl the papers and discussions promise to be: At Bancroft, Monday, April 6, at 10 o'clock a. in.: 1. Music—Committee on music—Pror. Dod rtT, C. F. Buker, Lutio Wallace. '!. Some Legitimate Devices for Securing Attention—J. W. Case. !!. Why Sonic Teachers Succeed—E. E. Gray i. Why Some Teachers Fail—Katie Byrne. 'ii. Objects of Recitation—E. L. Mantor. 0. Is Stillness Essential to Good Order?— Stella deary. 1. Reading Circle Work—Short review ofth books of this year, and how they have helpei mo—Esther Adolphsou. 8. General Discussion—County Uniformity or Non-uniformity—Led by Mattle Warner. At Burt the exercises are to bo helc Tuesday, April 7, at 10 a. m.: 1. Music—Committee on music—Jessie An giis, Rose McNeil, Geo. Angus. '2. Some Legitimate Devices for Securini Attention—A. A. Grose. 3. Why Some Teachers Succeed—Mildrei Taylor. 4. Why Some Teachers Fail—Dan. Pratt, ii. Objects of Recitation—Abble Goodwin. 0. Is Stillness Essential to Good Order?— Bertha Hopkins. 7. Heading Circle Work—Short review ofth books for this year, and how they have helpoi me—Nellie Salisbury. 8. General Discussion—County Uniformity or Non-uniformity. Exercises begin at Whittemore on Wednesday, April 8, at 10 a. m.: 1. Music—Committee on Music—C. B. Paul Lorena Thompson, Ella Boals. '2. The Need of Some Legitimate Device fo Securing Attention, and What These Device May Be—C. B. Paul. 3. Why Some Teachers Succeed—Josephln Liddy. 4. Why Some Teachers Fail—Stanley Moore 15. Objects of the Recitation—C. E.Anderson 0. Is Stillness Essential to Good Orderf— Anna Hayes. 7. Reading—The Synthetic Method—Dell Whltehorn. 8. General Discussion on Uniformity of Tex Books, led by Nettie L. Hall. Exercises begin at Wesley Thursday at 10 a. m.: 1. Music—Committee on Music—Jennie Po tibone, Anna Ward, Llona Hopkins. 2. The Need of Securing Attention—Device for It—A. A. Sifert. 3. Why Some Teachers Succeed—Traci Kernan. •i. Why Some Teachers Fail—Wm. Colby. 5. Objects of the Recitation—Lida Collins. 0. Is Stillness Essential to Good Order?— Louisa Ash. 7. Reading Circle Work—Review of the Book for This Year, and How They Have Helped m —H. A. Bancroft. 8. General Discussion on County Unif ormltj led by Mrs. A. E. Williamson. Exercises begin at Lu Verne on Fr day at 10 a. m.: 1. Music—Committee on Music—Elsie Pac ard, Mamie Scanland, Emma Hodges. 2- The Need of Attention and How to Secui It—S. C. Platt. 3. Why Some Teachers Succeed—Addle Sam pie. 4. Why Some Teachers Fail—Joe Crose. 5. Objects of the Recitation—Flora Sto dard. 0. Is Stillness Essential to Good Order?— Emma Hodges. 7. Reading Circle Work—Does It Pay?—E. ward Hodges. 8. General Discussion—County Uuiformit of Text Books—led by Elsie Packard. Exercises begin at Algona Saturdaj at the school house, at 10 a. m.: 1. Music—Committee—Julia Telller, Coi Wise. 2. Objects of the Recitation—Should the tall ing be done by the teacher or by the pupil?— Prof. Dixson. 3. Why Some Teachers Succeed—Eva Whl ney. 4. Why Some Teachers Fail—Laura Gllber 5. The Study of Current Events in th School Room—Bert Barr. 0. Practical Work in School vs. Method- Mrs. Horton. 7. Benefits Derived From Reading Cirel Work—Will Bowen. 8. General Discussion—Shall we have phys eal culture or the synthetic method of readln at the coming Institute—led by Ollie Wilkinso THE HIGH SCHOOL CONTEST, Algonn to Compete In tile State Con tost at Monticello—Tlie Local Con test April 11 at the Congregatlona Church. A declamatory contest will be held a the Congregational church next wee Saturday evening for the purpose of se lecting a representative of the Algon high school to go to the state contest t be held at Monticello, April 24. Th following students will participate: Liz. zie Wallace, Bertha Hancock, Margare Rutherford, Mamie Hart, Emma Sifert GuyTaylor, Albert Tuttle, Lucy Clock and Clarabel Ramsay. The winner wi declaim in the state contest, while sec ond and third prizes will be awardo other speakers. The meeting at Monticello is the 13t annual gathering of the state associa tion, and the schools that will be repre sented are: East Waterloo, East De Moines, Creston, Waverley, Sigourney Rock Rapids, Monticello, Newton, Re Oak, Marshalltown, Manchester, Ceda Falls, Tipton, Grinnell and Algona. Ou school finds itself in good company, an wo believe has declaimers who will dc credit to themselves in the contesl There are three classes of declamations oratorical, dramatic and humorous, i gold medal is awarded for the winner i each class. As a sample of a perfect declamatio. the following scale of marking is adopt ed by the state association: Pronuncia tion, 10; articulation, 15; carriage anc gesture, 25; expression, 50. The tota being 100. Everybody should be interested in having our city make a good showing and should manifest his appreciation by turning out next week Saturday even ing and encouraging our home speakers Spring Hats, Spring Bonnets. Millinery, fancy goods and jewelry. E. REEVE & Co. LOST—Two Red Irish setter, doge Will pay $5 reward for their return tt this office. OUR "Y"IS HEARD tulge Carr Has Reached a Decision, in which He Sustains the Bail- way Commissioners. ,, r Unless the Railroad Companies Appeal^ Our Transfer Track will Soon Be Put In. Judge Carr has reached a decision in he " Y" case, and upholds the order of ,he commissioners. He files no written ipinion, but in a letter to the parties nterested gives a sketch of his views jpon examination of the law, Geo, E. Dlarke kindly allows us to use his copy, rom which it appears that the judge coincides with the views urged by Attorney Parker. The legal question was whether a statute in 1884 disposed of and superseded a statute of 1874. The udge says on this point: "The act of March 20,1884, does not in jny judgment cover the whole of the subject matter of the act of March 13, 1874. Tho act of 1874 requires the construction of the " Y" at all points of intersection or crossings. It imposes upon ,he companies connected the duty of iransporting the cars received or delivered by means of such connection upon reasonable terms, and for a compensa- ion not exceeding their regular rate. [t provides for an action in court by which the performance of the duty imposed by law upon tho companies can be jnforced. It provides for the appoini?* rnent of a commission by which the method and terms of connection, and the rules and regulations necessary thereto can be determined. The act of 1884 requires the construction of a connection when ordered by the railroad commissioners, and it imposes a penalty for the failure to com ply with the order. Viewing these acts as independent enactments and without reference to the provisions of any other act of the legislature, it seems that the latter does not cover nor revise the whole subject matter of the former." After going over the provisions of all railway legislation touching this question, the judge discusses further the matter of repugnancy between the two statutes and says: " It is urged that there is a repugnancy between the provisions of the two acts under consideration, in that while the former act commands the doing of a thing, the latter commands it only when ordered by the railroad commissioners. This argument, it must be conceded, has much force; but the law requires courts in construing statutes in pari materia, ' to uphold the prior law if the acts may well subsist together.' Is there any irreconcilabe repugnancy between these two statutes? I incline to the opinion that there is not. The former act requires a thing to be done and prescribes a method for enforcing it. The latter imposes a penalty for failure to perform a duty imposed when its performance has been commanded by the proper authority. Imposing a penalty for the doing or not doing of an act, which the law com--' mands as a civil duty prior to the passage of a penal enactment, is not an anomaly in the law. The effect of the act of 1874 is to create a civil obligation or duty upon the part of intersecting lines of railroad to construct a connection. The act of 1884 makes a failure to perform this duty punishable by a fine or forfeiture- after ninety days' notice from the railroad commissioners. This construction gives force and effect to all provisions of both statutes, and in my judgment does no violence to the language of either." This decision leaves the order for a " Y" at Algona in full force, and unless the railways appeal, a "Y" will no doubt soon be built. Mr. Clarke is consulting with the railroad authorities and a conclusion will soon be reached. As this is a very important decision it is altogether probable that the supreme court will be asked to pass on it. THE INDIAN FIQHTERS. Two Douglity Braves -with Staffed Clubs Attack the Klckapoos—Tlie Sanguinary Result. A renewed outbreak of the Indian war has luckily been averted. But it was not through any cowardice on the part of Algona's chieftains, " I-Didn't-Get- Advertising" and "Neither-Did-I." These braves, having successfully introduced Dr. Jackson Crider to the public and vouched for his moral character, and sustained the far-famed agent of- the Grundy county seedling apple, "fear no foe," much less the savage Kickapoo, " I-Didn't-Get-Advertising" opened the sortie. He is the one who apologized so successfully for the honest apple tree peddler who knocked a man down because he objected to the seduction of his sister. His war whoop was, "We want only moral men in town," " Noither-Did-I" emitted the second yell. He is tho one who assisted Dr. Crider to get about §3,000 in Algona in a few days by fraudulent representations. His cry was, " We want no medicine frauds in our midst." What the outcome might have been no one can tell, for the Kickapoos began to don their war paint, but even the western savage has a sense of humor, and he soon discovered that our Algona braves were bogus warriors and that their clubs, were stuffed. Their names gave them away to the public and to the Kicka- poos. If they are bound to fight, they must change tho name they go under. We want the Algona braves to down Sioux, or Kiokapoo, or Pawnee. But they can't do it so long as they go as " I- Didn't-Get-Advertising" and "Neither- J A Hallroad Chance, The Estherville Republican speaks of the prospect that the Winona and Southwestern railroad will be extended west from Osage this season to the west line of Kossuth, and then strike southwest, to Cherokee, going through Emmets-i gl , It / then adds: A better territory and a better grade for the road would . be to continue west from the Kossuth line to the town of Swan Lake, S striking southwest toward Spencer crossing the Des Moines river four miles / below Estherville. A plug could then <' net built up the river to Estherville on would be the most natural one for °the company to choose if they want a good route and plenty of terWtory.
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