The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on March 25, 1891 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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THE UPPER DES MOINES v ALGO|fA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 25,189t, MY PHOTOGRAPH ALBUM. to front each other, tiutt to tnco, Dcnr friends of long hgn; Your nlr gnrcno liut commonplace^ Your costiimo cnmmn II fnut. Slnco rv'ry smirk nml nv'ry ainlls Cftrnc firit bomtnth my Itun, TIs more than Just n Hula whllo: Wu nil woro younger then Tom, Dick nnd n.irry rnMt my KIU»— How I!- I Illtfltl th(?lhreo! As thii.-;. • wo In onrljr days AM four i.'iiiilil over lio. But why expect tho glow of youth From Hllvc'ry headed tnon? TIs tntc, although 'tlfl bitter truth. Wo all woro younger then Ah, Mary Ann and Emma Jana, Sly flames of other dayn! Alternately, although In vnln, For you I wove tny lays ;Dy fato my hopes wero overset (It boots not how or when), Your married name." I qulto forgot, Wo all wero younger then. Soimi errant Htars are gathered here Who nightly lit tho Btago; But very few to mem'ry dear, Though lost to Bight and age. 1 i many look HO lovely now? Nay, hardly ono In ten. 'My errant stars, you muHt allow Wo all wero younger then. But let mo not morosely brood, Old "Chronoa" o'er thy night, And waote, In sourly cynlo mood, My hours by day or night. Dear f rlendsi, I merely pauso to say— Boforo I drop my pen And put your photographs away— "\V'o all wero younger then." —Domestic! Monthly Gloom In Now York, "Do yon know what most forcibly im' presses n foreigner visiting Now York for tlio first time?" asked n tilled motn- ber of tho British iron workers. "Tho dirt?" "No," siiid tho ironmaster. "Tho dirt ia bud enough in till truth; but something nioro important than this Btrikea any foreigner of uvorago power of reflection. It is tho extraordinary cloud of .gloom and preoccupation which hangs over the citizens of New York. It has an almost saddening effect upon a stranger. I do not wish you to think that I tun speaking reek-h-nsly or flippantly. I am not. Tho tiling has impressed MO forcibly ever since I have been here, and 1 do not recall any other city in the world where it in nr> noHcoihlp ~m uineago ntiBincsH men look wor- 'ried and excited; in Boston there is a 'largo enough leisure element and sufficient jollity to amuse any crowd, and so it is in all of tho other cities of tho country. But Now York men have tho gloom of Egyptian mummies. You may enter and leave a thousand elevated cars without seeing u smiling face, and men talk with ono another with the serious and preoccupied look of criminals discussing their fato in the cells of ti jail. Visitors to Now York always speak of it as u tvery jolly place, but tho citizens of tho ::town apparently miss till the fun."—New '.York World. Tulo of Two Wedding Rings. A sou captain from ono of pur Maine rmaritime towns was with his ship in Antwerp, where he was joined by hia i fiancee, whoro the twain wore mado ono. A ring being a desired feature in the wedding ceremonial, tho blissful com- i mandor sauntered forth to purchase it, which having selected lie left to be • .marked. In duo course ho again sallied • out in pursuit of the "sacred symbol," • 'but having gone where lie supposed it •was it wasn't there. In other words, he > .had forgotten where the purchase was • '.made, and ring No. 2 was selected to .,-adorn the bridal finger 'All is fair in! • lovo and war." and with the original in- I Boription erased the circlet has perhaps! adorned .•nr.t'iuM 1 fair digit Otherwise i it may be i..ill awaiting its ch.'.imani. ••-. Lew/i'ston .Journal. Tlio Dog Didn't Cure to Walk. This story is told of ono of the intelligent dogs of Auburn, Mo. Mr. \V. fl. *G, Allen lives at the north end of Goff .street in that city, while his store is on (Lisbon street, Lewiston. The dog very ••often accompanies him to and from the store. Ho was at tho store Friday aftor- i-uoon, when, becoming tired of staying there, tlio order was given to go home. The dog started out, going up Lisbon •• street to Main, and down Main across .the two bridges into Auburn At the i postolllco, however, he was seen to • stand on the corner as though waiting 'for something A few minutes later a •horse car came along, and the dog ran • out and boarded it and rode homo, .jumping off when tho car fume opposite 'his.mnstov's house.— Augusta Journal No.\tl Man is said to l>u the only creature that shaves. Tho South American bird i called the "mot-mot," tin 1 Motmotns.i Bimilltmsis, actually begins .shaving on ! arriving at maturity. Naturally adorned • with long blue tail feathers, it is not ; satisfied with thorn in their natural state, I 'but with its beats nips oil' the web on each side for a space of about two inches, , leaving a neat little oval tuft at tho end of each. —Indianapolis Journal. . Centuries before the Christian era ••fountains of gaseous Itame spouting from the earth near tlu> Caspian sea ••woro objects of pilgrimage and adoration to the lire worshipers of Asia, while • near Grenoble, in Franco, ia a liery > fountain still burning that is said to •.have been burning in the days of Julius > Ctosar. ! A now uso is reported to have been discovered for English hops—namely, for the curing of bacon. It is found that a sprinkling of hops in the brine when bacon and hams are put in pickle adds greatly to the (lavor of both, and enables them to be kept an indefinite period. One of the wealthiest real estate uieu •in Texas is Milton Sterrett, of Houston, a negro. Ho owns several large plantations, a handsome residence, and is worth $=100.000 in the days before the war he was a waiter on u river boat. GIFTS FOR Wliaf Mfn Mfty OlfO to ITliclr Pair Companions for IHrtlirtay PrMents. Tho platonically friendly man rarely thinks of , jowelry, and I am glad of It, for oven simple ornaments A well bred girl dislikes to accept or refuse, and there are many other Httle remembrances sho would more gladly welcome. For Instance, leather is an outlet for iny men friends' generosity, nnd among other things I have a collection.of beautiful card cases various persons have given mo. They are made of tho finest perfumed and tinted skins, lined with silk, provided with silver screw pencils, sometimes a tiny watch, and besides u pocket for cards ono for change and little slips to pull out, on which are daintily etched calendars for the year. My last acquisition came from Paris. It is gray green veined leather, highly polished and dotted over with tiny bright silver flour-delis. To match it was ;: scrap of a purse provided With many little nooks and pockets, and decorated with tho silver flowers. . Another good friend gave mo what he calls my set of books' for daily business. They tiro threo square, gilt edged volumes, bound in leather us fmo and sweet smelling as roso leaves. On tHo covers my crest and monogram are deeply stamped in gilt, and on tho title backs are written respectively accounts, engagements and addresses. Inside tho ono for account:! is comfortably ruled off and noted, so that ono knows w!:eiio those puzzling lists of figures should go. "Engagements" has stated pages on which ono 'jots down memoranda of events to come, "Addresses" has the leaves alphabetically arranged, and the three booki-'i are held together by a little strap and catch button like those on books of prayer and hymnals. A gift of that kind is in constant use, and ono is al ways reminded of and pleasantly grateful to tho giver. Another pretty leather toy for a woman is a traveling inkstand. They como in numberless devices, nnd nothing is more unique than a miniature Gladstone bag, perfect in detail, even to a bit of a silver plate, on which one's initials can bo traced; and by pressing a knob it flics open to reveal tho inside glass bottle. j Then if you are going on a journey he can give you a lovely suede leather writing portfolio or ono for holding the loose photographs to bo picked up in traveling. Some thoughtful souls give girls leather bound books, on tho backs, stamped in black, the title diary and her name. A screw pencil slips into loops, and on the gilt edged leaves she can jot down a hoterogonous mass of notes and reflections, for reference at another day. For a journey by rail he will perhaps buy a cut glass tumbler, glass being cleaner than a metal cup, set in a leather case, and marked with her name and address, and for a sea voyage it's no impropriety for a friend to beg her acceptance of a flat glass leather covered bottle filled with a clear golden fluid that for conventionalty's sake let us .call the traveler's companion. — Interview in New York Sun. Siivlnj; SonlH In Africa. They toll of a powerful Irishman out in Africa who seized tho wretched Arab who was paddling him across a stream, threw him overboard, i-.nd gnibb'mg him by the l;aek of the nee.'; r.n he roso to the surface uf Iho water hissed in his ear: "Will yon romrmsw tho Prophet and become ;.. C!:r. ! Hrian?" "All.".'.i I'urbid." sputtered tho Arab. "Dow.i you go, tlica," said tho Irishman, and ho ducked the Arab under again. In about a minute ho pulled him up and shouted; "Will you believe in the Christian's God?" "No," gasped tho Arab feebly. "Drown, then," yollcd tho Irishman, as he ducked tho unfortunate Mussulman again. For tho third timo ho pulled the man up mid asked, "Will you believe.?" The Arab, almost dead, was just able to whisper "Yes." "Drown, then," yelled tho man, "before you lose your sowl by recanting!" and hu put the wretch under once more and hold him there till life was extinct. —Now York Tribune. A Luke of I'ttch. "Near whore wo live," said William Greig, of Trinidad, West Indies, "is a pitch lake. It's at La Brea, It covers about ninety acres, and it is soft enough to take tho impression of your shoos aa yon walk over it, but take up a bit. of it and strike it sharply and it break's off with a conchuidal fracture liko a lump of anthracite. 1 don't know where it comes from, but I do know that it.'suiost awfully hot there. Tho sun pelts down liko fun, aud tho black pitch absorbs all tho heat. All down to tho coast and under the sea and across in Venezuela there ia a streak of this same formation. The British government owns tho lake, and a monopoly pays a royalty of not less than sf'JO.uUO a year,—Chicago Tribune. Barbers were formerly also surgeons; • that is, so far as blood lotting was concerned. The stripos on the poles are emblematical of the bandages used iu -binding up tho arm after blood letting Avoiding Tuxes. An amusing example of the expedients resorted to by people to escape taxation is afforded by a prominent farmer of Lafayette, Ore., who claimed an offset of $5UO against his assessment on account of indebtedness. Investigation of hia claim by tho board of equalization showed that ho owed tho ij^GO sure enough. It was duo tho county for back taxes, which ho had refused to pay.— Philadelphia Ledger. HIS FIB&r AND LAST ADAGIO. A Touvhhiji >Mory of nn Air That tho I.ute Kiil.rr \Vtis Very Foml Of. Ill the year 1841 Prince Frederick was in his thirteenth year. His music lesson was over one day, and his teacher, JReichardt, thy composer of tho German patriotic song, "What Is tho Gorman Fatherland?" was going away, when the prince said: "Ilerr Reiehardt, papa's birthday will bo the 32d of March. Herr Dr. Curlius thought it would be nice for mo to learn something special for that day. Will vou kindly choose suitaDle? it may be something difficult, BO that papa sees that I have taken pains to pleaso him. Papa loves music full of soft and tender feeling." j "Yes, royal highness, then we must take a pretty adagio. 11—m, h—m," replied Rciclmrdt, who rummaged about the music to find something suitable. Finally ho held a piece in his hand longer than he had held tho others. j "la that suitable, Herr Reiehardt?" I "Your royal highness, wo are not far enough advanced. This is too difficult. < It is tha adagio from Schumann's (F sharp minor) sonata. It will not do. , The timo is too short," i "Oh, Herr Rcichardt." said the prince coaxingly, "I shall be very industrious. Pleaso, please! It will do—it must do!" The prince added gayly: "It will not do •adagio." It will go 'forte.' That is what papa always says to inc." ; The difficult adagio was studied with diligence, pains and perseverance. On the 22d of March tho young prince surprised his illustrious father by tho performance of tho splendid piece, which ho played with astonishing firmness and great feeling. His father presented him with a complete outfit of tools for cabinet work for his diligence. Forty-four years after at tho imposing castle of Friodrichskron lay tho noble Kaiser Friedrich, tho heroic sufferer. His former clear and sunny eyes looked tired. Only at times ho seemed to revive—when ho looked through the open window into tho chief avenue which passes from Pottsdani through the royal gardens al; tho castle. Then more light and cheerfulness came into hia eyes. The cinprcsM entered. Sho tried to look cheerful aa sho oat down beside the sick bed of h'jr beloved husband. His countenance suddenly lighted up with n smilo tit hi.s truo nnd tried companion. With a motion of his hand ho signed to her that tho pleasant weather pleased him so much. Toward tho last tho sufferer could not speak, and ho preferred to make signs rather than write notes. The empress asked her husband whether he had special wishes, and after a little pause he motioned piano playing. "Who shall play?" asked tho empress. Then she added, "Will it not excite you too much?" "No," motioned tho kaiser. Then he wrote a little note. <; I wish to hear good music; could not Ruler, Victoria's teacher, come:?" "I shall have him asked to come," said tho empress. Ho is over in tho Born- stedter church now giving her organ lessons." The empress gave tho required directions, and tho composer of "Merlin" appeared. The/o was a piano in the adjoining room, tho doors were opened, and tho artist seated himself at the piano." Tho kaiser requested to hear several of his favorite melodies, and listened with evident pleasure to the heart touching tune language. The master, overcome with emotion, had already played several pieces of his own and of tho compositions of others. The kaiser had him thanked every time and asked for more. The closing chords of a melody liad again died away when tho empress asked him. full of concern, "Tired, or does it excite you?" Tho kaiser answered iu the negative and again wrote a note: "Only one yet —an adagio from n sonata. It shall be the last." The master iu the next room complied with tho dying kaiser'n wish. Ho seated hiinself again at the pi.::n> and played a splendid adagio. The sick kaiser listened. His oyes grew brighter. Ho motioned to tho empress and wrote with feverish haste several words: "Forty years ago I played this adagio for my papa's birthday. Certainly not so well. Very pretty. Thanks, Rufer. Last piece; then sleep;" It was really tho last piece, this adagio. They woro the last musical tones that reached the dying monarch's ears. —Philadelphia Times. Excessively Polite. It is well to bo always polite, but there »ro times when it is butter to be natural than to attempt tho elaboration of social courtesies. Tho safest rulo in any case is to bo simple and do the obvious thing; this will not only be most sincere, but will of ton save one from appearing ridiculous. A gentlemen who wished to give pleasure to a young lady of his acquaintance, Miss Molt, arranged a boating party in her honor. Tho guests wero chosen with her approval and everything was done to her liking. Unfortunately the wind proved treacherous, and about tho middle of the day tho party round themselves becalmed on a son which rose and fell in the long' ground swell that is suro to prove too much for all but experienced sailors. It, was not long before most of tho party i woro ill, Miss Mott being ono of tho j first to succumb. She lay in a .wretched I heap on the deck of tho yacht, refusing to bo moved, her hair in disarray and , her whole appearance that of uuutter- j able misery. I "I am so sorry that you are ill, Miss Mott," tho host said. "When 1 wish to , givo you pleasure again I will not propose a water party," With a supremo effort Miss Mott raised her ghastly face, about which the hair straggled, wot with tho sweat of agony. An attempt at u smilo showed itself on her white lips. "Oh, 1 am having a perfectly lovely time," sho said feebly. Tho earnestness with which she spoke was too much for the gravity of her companions and, sick or well, they burst into a laugh, which so overcame Miss Mott that sho fell to weeping bitter tears.—Youth's Companion. I'roiul of HlB Work. There is a story told of a French poet who inquired of a friend and flatterer what ho thought of his last work. "1 have arrived at the fifteenth canto," he replied with enthusiasm, "and think there is nothing more beautiful and harmonious in the language, 1 ' "Pardon me, there is one thing," said the poet. "Ah, perhaps you mean Chateaubriand's •Atala? 1 " "Certainly not. 1 mean my thirteenth canto."—San Francisco Argo-' "'" it. I Ttio Grant Collection. The Grant collection at Washington id a\ono worth a fortune. In one case there is a complete collection of gold and silver coins of Japan which has a wonderful numismatic value, as it is the only complete eet in existence, except one in tho Japanese treasury. Some of the gold coins are a quarter of an inch thick and as big round as the top of a dinner pail. Seven of them cost $5,000, and there are perhaps 100 coins in the collection. In another case there are half a dozen large elephant tusks which the king of Siam gave to Grant, and there are six pieces of costly jade stone given him by one of the princes of China. All of the swords presented to him are here, and many of these have diamonds set in theit handles. Tho sword given to Grant by the Sanitary fair at New York has a solid gold head representing the Goddess of Liberty, which has two rubies, two .diamonds and two sapphires set in it. The sword of Chattanooga has fourteen diamonds and two sapphires set in it, and many of the gifts which he received from foreign monarchs are of gold set with diamonds. One of the medals in the collfiP.tinn nnritaina nix Hundred dollars' worth of gold.—'Cor. Pittsburg Dispatch. Greeting; the Prince. A good story is recorded in connection with tho Prince of Wales' visit to Lord Brooke's country seat in Essex. After opening tho Essex Agricultural show at Chehnsford the prince and several other distinguished guests, including Lady Randolph Churchill, Baron Hirsch, Col. Stanley Clark and Mr. Chaplin, M. P., wero entertained at Easton lodge. On the following day the party drove to Lord Braybrook's seat at Andley End. Horses wero changed en route at the rural village, Wimbish. While this was being done an elderly laborer approached tho royal party, and addressing the prince said: "Beg yer par ding, sir, 1 should loike to drink yor health; wedoan't see yer ev'ry day." Laughing heartily his royal highness drew half a crown out of his pocket and handed it to the man, with the injunction: "Dou't spend it all at once." Putting tho coin in his fob tho old fellow, with another tug at his forelock, replied: "Thank yer, thank yer, guvner; yer the best gen'loman I know on round about this 'ere levee."—London Tit-Bits. An Improvised Watch Case. A young volunteer in a light • cavalry regiment quartered up country in Algeria was in despair at having lost the back case of his watch, which was likely to become a depository for rather more desert sand than is compatible with regular timekeeping. "Can't you rig up something that will take its place?" he asked his orderly, who was a jack-of- all-trades and had been apprenticed to a watchmaker before he went into the army. "1 will see what 1 can do." was the reply. Next morning at the first trumpet call the good fellow entered the tent of the voluteer and handed him his watch, shining liko a small warming pan in the sun. "How did you manage so cleverly?" "Well, yon see. I just went out and had a bout with the band, and getting the trombone I was able to abstract the valve of the instrument and easily hammered il into slnipa"— Paris Cor. Jeweler's Weekly. Antiquity of the Cut. As r^-.vrds the remoteness of the period at which the dog and tho cat were domesticated, it is true that remains ol the former animal are found in the lake dwellings of central Europe. On the other hand, we read of tho cat in Sans- crit writing older than the beginning of oi:r era, «:id v,-p find it pictured on Egyptian monuments of Pharaonictim.es. Moreover, tlio cat, being sacred to Isis, was often mummified, and some of the cat mummies date from 4,000 years ago. In our. u;:y cats are distinguished for attachment to localities rather than to persons; but it may bo doubted whether this was so in ancient Egypt, where for ages they were treated with unvarying kindness, and even with veneration.— New York Ledger. Tlio nialno Partingtons. The Maine Mr. and Mrs. Partington aro still on deck. Ono lady just returned from Boston informs the neighbors that sho rode "upstairs in a refrigerator and had her clothes washed tit a foundry." A Maine man recently rose in a municipal meeting and solemnly announced that "for reasons unknown to himself ho desired to resign." An old lady in Bath recently mortified her relatives intensely. At a grand dinner she overheard a guest politely answer to the wiolder of tlio carving knife that "it was immaterial which portion she had." A luscious slice was passed up to her, and our old lady, after an appreciative glance, "guessed that she would have a small hunk oil'n the immaterial,"—Lewiston Journal. Photographing Clouds. A good suggestion has been thrown out for tho benefit of those who have not had much experience in making cloud negatives. If the sun is to be included in the picture films of ground glass backed plates should be used. Any lens which will take a good landscape can be used, and its smallest stop should be employed. As a rule the exposure will be about ouo second on a slow plate, but in the case of red sunrises and sunsets this may often be increased to as much as eight or even ten seconds, unless isoeero- inatic plates are available. The development must be very carefully watched, and not carried too far.—New York Telegram. "AGRICULTURAL SOIL. The Difference:) liotween a Soil Fertile by Nature and One ArtiilvluUy lUoh, Between a soil fertile by nature and one made equally so by artificial treatment, such as the application of manure, both domestic aud commercial, rotation of crops, subsoiling or whatever process an intelligent fanner may devise for in- creasing its rArinty, tne lormer snouia be considered for agricultural uses far the most valuable^ acre for acre, from the fact th;tt its fertility is of a more permanent r-h,-tractor. It is true that soils of great, virgin fertility are, after years of exhaustive cultivation without manure, mn.le comparatively unfertile, except such as are largely alluvial in their composition aud subject to frequent overflows. Soils of that character are, hi ivever, much more readily reclaimed and restored by artificial means than a naturally poor one that has had all irs acquired fertility cultivated out of it. In buying a farm, therefore, there can be no question that ordinarily it will be better for a man to locate on one of fewer acres of naturally rich Land than to choosa one much larger in area but of poorer quality, the fertility of which must in great measure be furnished it yearly by artificial applications. Of course such lands are not valueless by any means, and their value for cultivation will in a great measure be gauged by tho intelligent aud profitable farming methods adopted and put into practice by the owner. Cases can often be found where farms on sandy soils of light general fertility, but better adapted to profitable special crops, may, with light manuring, be made to yield larger money returns than the same number of acres on a richer soil of a different texture. Again, it has been discovered that orcharding can be successfully carried on upon soils where the rough character of tho location renders them of little or no value for tho plow. In such cases elevated ridges or exposure to the influence of largo bodies of water seem to furnish the governing conditions of success with but little regard for the general texturoand composition of the soil. It is no easy matter to greatly change the texturo of a soil, whether light or heavy, and usually it will be found better for the owner to adapt his husbandry to its peculiarities than to make the attempt to change them, except in the most gradual and inexpensive way. Points on Wintering liecs. "Will a colony,of bees winter without sealed honey?" was one of many questions answered at the annual International Beekeepers convention. While it was conceded that a colony could be wintered without sealed honey, doubts were expressed as to the efficacy of this method, there being more or less risk about it, especially in damp seasons. Dr. Miller called attention to the fact that unsealed honey sours much sooner than sealed honey. A. J. Root, who does not take away sealed honey to feed sugar sirup, cautioned against the use of cheap honey for feeding bees, as there is danger of its being tainted with foul brood. The president of the association, R. L. Taylor, of Lapeer, Mich., expressed the belief that when the stores consists of sugar sirup the consumption is muck loss than when honey is fed. In explanai tioii he said, "Honey is stimulative and more is used." In reply to the question whether bees fed with honey did not come out stronger, President Taylor replied that he had better success on colonies wintered with sugar stores. He had found sugar sirups best for winter, affording a good food for keeping the bees quiet. At this stage in the discussion attention was called by several members to the necessity of using pure sugar. Drs. Miller and Mason agreed that granulated sugar must be fed when one has to feed at all, and that it maizes no dul'cre:ice whether the sugar comes from cane or beets. Another question with a bearing on wintering bees was the one, "In doubling up colonies would you save both queens?" One member answered no, very decidedly. He had no use for the extra queen after doubling up two weak colonies. He had wintered two weak colonies by using -a queen excluding honey board, a plan he preferred to uniting them. An Iowa beekeeper told that he uses a seven-eighth inch division board, and crowds tho bees on what combs they can cover. The Value of Sleep. Gen. Loi-.l Wolsctoy, England's leading soldier, iy ;: man of simple and abstemious habits, and is an emphatic advocate of sleep. When he is his own master ho goes to rest between 10 and 11 aud is up before 0. He is a sound sleeper, aud can Bleep at almost anytime and under any circumstances, which is no 'doubt one great secret of success; for in war, as in politics, the inan who cannot sleep might as well retire from the running. "You cannot put in your time moro profitably than in sleeping," Lord Wolseley says, and tho saying is one that may well bo taken to heart by all hard workers. As long as you can sleep you can always renew your strength. It is when sleep fails that your balance at the bank of life is cut off.—Best Things. The Vuluo of Armor la War Ships. The valuo of armor has bseu a matter constantly discussed since its first introduction. So long as it remained, as it did for a timo, superior to tho attack of the gun its desirability was certain, but when tho race began between the two the gun early seized and maintained the lead. Prom that time to the present advocates of tho abolition of armor have been very numerous. They compare the state of affairs with that which existed prior to the disuse of personal armor, but so long as armor can bo so arranged as to protect certain vital points it is probable that it will be so used. Still there are somo good arguments in support of decnirusseinent—to use a French word that is particularly expressive.— New York Herald. The government now owns but one steel 8-iuch breech loading rifle and one steel breech loading 10-inch rifle. These are at the Sandy Hook proving ground, and have not yet been fired to ascertain how far they will carry. The Swedish government is considering the question of putting a stop to the wholesale slaughter of elk and other game by English tourists in northern j Sweden and Norway. | I FORGERIES COMMITTED IN JAIL. 'A California Convict Whose Career Crime Did Not End In Prison. ! By some strange accident there has been discovered in San Quentin prison a . crime as odd and uncommon as any that Gaboriau's fertile brain ever evolved. 1 In the ordinary prisons it is usually presumed that once a criminal has been Securely lodged within the walls hM career of crime is ended'for at least th« term of his incarceration. While this is not entirely true of the California peni- 1 tentiary, it has heretofore managed to I keep most of its occupants from the commission of felonies of which other prisoners wero the victims. I It remained for Convict 0. R: Bach* man. however, to distinguish himself in ' a way that no jailbird before' him ever did, and by such ingenious improvement ' of the opportunities offered him. as to I mark San Quentin as one of the most | uncommon prisons in the world. There is a great deal of managerial method in the administration of affairs, at San Quentin of the kind that carping critics call red tape. Among the many forms which are rigorously carried out is that of having envelopes, which are intended to carry communications to the deputy warden, printed with his name and title in full upon the face- When anything of importance had to be communicated to the deputy it was invariably intrusted to a convict to insure it safe delivery. Bachman,. who is serving a long, term for arson; Failing, a life convict, and "Fat Jack" Kiley, who has about fort; years' penalty to- pay for a felonious al sault, all had access to the deputy war den's mail. These three prisoners enjoyed the privilege of reading all these important communications addressed to the deputy warden whenever it suited them to do so, and all because of thosa imposing and official looking printed envelopes. A supply of the envelopes was easily purchasable. Whenever there was a letter intrusted to a convict messenger it fell into the hands of one of the trio. It was quietly taken aside, the envelope torn open, the contents read and noted, and provided these critical readers found nothing objectionable in the letter it was placed in ouo of the extra envelopes and delivered in due form. In his mill, that is to say the deputy warden's po. ! on of it, Bachman one day discovered that an old man, William Phelps by name, who is serving a lifa term for murder, had several hundred dollars on .deposit in the warden's hands. Bachrnan had been spending his money in a royal, spendthrift way, and found his exchequer in a low ebb. Here was a chance to recoup, and to play a stroke worthy of his genius and opportunities. He gained the confidence of the old man, told him he had influential frienda and promised to get him pardoned. Then the clever firebug sent for a lawyer and told him of the case and interested him in Phelps. Later on Bachman gave the lawyer an order on the warden for a considerable sum of money, with Phelps 1 signature attached, and also a note ol •ipproval bearing an officer's signature. The oudcr was taken to the warden, who wrote a check for the amount, and was about to givo it to the lawyer when an officer standing by suggested that it would be wise to send for Phelps and see if it was all right. The officer was not suspicious, but simply familiar with his surroundings. Phelps was sent for and denied evei having written the order. It was examined and found to be a forgery. Then the officer who had approved the ordei was summoned, and denied aa emphatically thai ho had signed tin; note of approval. This was also found to be a forgery. A little further investigation was suggested, and, although rather unprecedented, was carried out, and it waa found that Bachman was the author ol both of the forgeries.—San Francisco Examiner. Laughter in Public. What is the reason one hears in public places the loud voices of women so much oftener than men? Women—these loud voiced ones—seem to have tho fancy that they cannot ba seen unless they are heard. And so they can't—in their true character. If it wera not that their words and laughter floated out into space and above the hum of all other voices they really might at soma time get mistaken for ladies. From their looks no one would imagine for an instant that they were common, ill bred aud vulgar, A quiet flash of intelligence from their eyes, accompanied by an appreciative smile, would really convince an onlooker that possibly it was the forerunner of the keenest wit. But no wit can accompany the loud guffaw that bursta out at the slightest provocation; no wit from the boisterous laughter, and no appreciation of wit in others.—Chicago Herald. & Future of Wheat In America, We have had a run of prosperity foi somo years, and had been regaled witl the thought that we had more food material than the nation could consume, and as much to spare as the rest of the world might want to buy. The indications are that the day of heavy surplus production is fast waning. Our wheat crop in 1874 was the magnificent total ol 513,700,000 bushels. It has not kept a< the upper notch, and in the year 1889 it figured a maximum yield of 400,500,000 bushels. Wo have a greater population by nearly 15,000,000 than a decade ago, and the increase of home consumption would necessitate a larger yield and nol a smaller.—Economist. Money In Ginseng Root. An uptown man in ten weeks has paid $3,886 for ginseng root taken from the Catskill mountains. This root is used principally by Chinamen, who considei it a valuable medicine capable of curing all diseases. It is exported in large quan- titie*. Tho root hereabouts is dug up by boys, who in this way make considerable money during a season. The merchant referred to is extending this business, and next year expects to secure at least $5,000 worth of the root,—Kingston Freeman.. t 71

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