The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on March 18, 1891 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 18, 1891
Page 6
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tTPPfctt DES M01NES. ALOONA. IOWA. WEDNESDAY TRAINING BOYS' MINDS. EXPERIMENT OF THE SOCIETY FOR ETHICAL CULTURE. Adicr'n Plan of T*nehli»|t Children to Think, ObnPiTO and Clearly Expreg* thtmnelTM—A Unique School nnil tt» Heltiodn of ttmirnetlon. The workingman's school is especially intended to servo the needs of the children of the poor. Little ones from the tenement house districts nro admitted to Ite freo kindergarten at 8 years of age. They go from the kindergarten at 0 into the school proper, which carries out Froebel's creative method on a higher plane and with a greater minuteness of detail. The pupils continno in the school until their fourteenth year. Thereafter the instruction is to bo continued in 11 aeries of evening classes. Felix Adler, the earnest ethical preacher, is its originator. The school is canned on in accordance with the principles which form the basis of his philosophy, which teaches its followers "to do right, for right's sake" without expecting a reward. The school building is KO spacious, well lighted and cheerful, and the teaching BO intelligent, progressive and interesting that tho children of tho rich might envy the advantages offered to the offspring of tho poor. Hero is n glim poo of the way they tench: Thrroom happened into is tho one in which natural history is taught. Pei'lmps it, is the big windows and high ceilings that have much to do with tho brightness of tho room, or it may bo tho cheerful faces of tho forty busy children that gives the place an exceedingly attractive air. Each child bus n wasp on his desk bo- jides liin pencil and notebook. All are alertly attentive nnd actively interested. The subject; under discussion in tho paper making wasp, and each eager youngster is trying to find out as much an ever he can fnrni actual Investigation. Tho teacher is firing thdr enthusiasm by adroit questions thai provoke inquiry and stimulate curiosity. MKTHOn OF INSTRUCTION. He haft sketched an enlarged head of a wasp on tho blackboard. Ho has told them—but in such a wisely suggestive way that they think they havo found it otit thonuiolvcH—that "tho paper making wimp lias three simple eyes and ono compound oyo, and that in tho com- .pound oyo aro !!,000 little microscopic eyes." Tho toaoher si.iyn an bo dismisses the subject of tho -wasp's eyes, "Perhaps next lesson you may find out what tho wasp docH with ita simple and compound eyes." Tho class looked as if they wore sure they would. "Now," ho continued, "wo havo learned certain things about this wasp this morning, let ua write about it. What shall wo namo tho Htory'i"' ho queried. "Tho Story of tlio Paper Making Wasp," piped out a small boy in answer. The title was thus written on tho blackboard and in tho notebooks. "Who him anything to say about it?" was tho next question. Everybody evidently .from tho number of hands eagerly upraised. 'i)no boy was asked what ho hud to say. Ho responded with alacrity, "It'sbody ain't BO very long." "That does not count for anything," answered tho teacher with quick directness, "Can't you measure?" Tho boy was intelligent enough to understand how vague and meiuiinglcHS his answer was; so were his classmates who were aching to toll; but tho first boy measured his wasp, and gave an aecurato and clearly expressed answer. By dint of lively, keenly discriminating questioning a story was written about tho wimp, which road as follows: "Tho paper making wasp is about one- hull' an inch in length. Its body is made up of rings. Tho wasp has three divisions to its body—tho head, thorax and abdomen, Tho wasp has a small joint which keeps tho thorax and abdomen together. Its body is full of hair." <l ' AIM OH 1 THE FOUNDER. As many of tho pupils come from tho tenement house districts they have had no opportunity to got impressions of nature, and aro unfamiliar with many simple things that; a country bred child imbibes with his breath. This need has boon provided for. In tho picturesque little village of Sherman, in Pennsylvania, provisions have boon made for a vacation colony for tho school. Thither almost all the pupils go in charge of the principal, and spend tho eummor months in tho woods and among tho hills, gaining health while they are storing away knowledge to bo used in their winter studies. Tho founder of tho school lias formulated a series uf workshop lessons, based on mechanical and freo hand drawing. His aim in to educate tho mind first that it may direct tho hand aright;. For instance, a pupil receives a model of a cone from which ho takes measurement* and then makes n eompleto working drawing. He then goes to the workshop with his drawing, and with tools and proper material turns in hishiUw aeoiui aeeovd- ing to his drawing, whieli is a copy of the original model in the drawing room. This plan it; is proposed to pursue according to I ho ago and ability 01' the pupil, from tho simplest const ruction of a triangle Vo (ho construction of a steam engine. From the, workshop where inir.liaiiii.-al drawing in llu: basis tho children go into the school at flier, where freo hand drawing c,ultiv:iles tho s'.ense of harmony and beauty, Littlo children of (i and 8 model simple I'unns of leaves, scrolls and various architectural forms in clay. They aro led upward from a simple modeling (.'1' a square to the intricate work of Hie features of the human face. It is hoped that this process will asvakon the art in-line, la of the masses. America can produce no great artists, architects or sculptors until tlio whole people have the true art feeling. In all probability there is not another school like this ono iu the United States, and it awakens tho keenest interest in its irk; 1 ' i;... 1 svmpaihiKors, who wonder what the outcome of the experiment will be.-- New Vov!; Time:!. A Good M»ny of ft Xlhcl. "Behold me!" laughed n recent bride returned from her wedding trip and busy establishing herself in her new home, as an intimate friend camo in npon her, "among my tea balls." The friend echoed the laugh when she looked about. From chandelier, candelabra and cornice, on cabinet, easel and lamp, hung by their slender chains these perforated globes of silver; they swung from picture frames, glistened in curtain folds, twinkled among the brasses of tho hearth, occupied on all sides unusual niehos, where in a spirit of jest their embarrassed owner had placed them. "I don't Irtiow." fihe Raid- "what <w>M have developed this remarkable unanimity of purpose on the part of my friends, but, when the wedding gifts began to arrive, it simply rained tea balls. I was delighted with, tho first, contented with tho second, not so well pleased with tho third, sorry at tho fourth, angry at tho fifth, sixth and spventh, amazed up STRUGGLING FOt LIFE. A SHIPWRECKED CREW* VAIN FORTS TO REACH LAND. EF- i"hren Men Drowned on the Rockj-Rhr le i«lrt»id Shore Within Ten Feet of Tern Flrmn — A Vivid Description of ftn Awftil Storm. William II. Burns, an eye witness of the wrecking of the three masted schooner A. II. Tlurlburt, of Gloucester, tells a thrilling story of the battle of the vessel's crew for life. She was trying to make Newport for a harbor, but, being unable to accomplish this, dropped anchor at noon abont a quarter of a mile off shore. She dragged her anchors and •truck Black Point about 4 o'clock, and In twenty minutes was kindling wood. The crew consisted of six men. Three were drowned, including the captain, and three were wived. Every man of to the twelfth, and paralyzed after that, j them was on the rocks at one time, and What, my dearest girl," f tragically, "am I to do with twenty- three tea balls, by actual count?" Which points a moral concerning wedding gifts. A casual acquaintance, a man especially, chopping with generous intentions toward n coming bride, will bo wiso to select nothing of which but one only in" needed in a household. There are so many other things choice ought not to bo difficult. A piece of Wedgwood, Doulton or royal Berlin; a bit of bronze, marble, brass or tho French and Viennese gilt; an etching, a rug, an artistic screen or piece of tapestry—these : are only the beginning of tho list of things which aro prized by the maker of a home and of which too many can hardly bo possessed. There is an aroma of taste, too, about wedding gifts that is too often offended. Tho more formal friends should offer articles of adornment and decoration rather than of pronounced utility. Relatives and intimates arc not no restricted.—New York Times. SiiHcoptriillUy to DIsonsd. Of several persona who have been equally exposed to chilly weather one taken a fatal cold, while tho others are wholly unaffected. When scarlet fever or diphtheria, enters a family it is a rare thing for all the members to bo attacked. Tho great majority escaped la grippe during its late prevalence. And the same is true of epidemics of every kind and degree. This difference in mainly duo to difference in personal susceptibility, inherited or acquired. Disease invades the body at points where its life forces are weakened. Such u lowering of the vital resistance may date back for generations. This is ono reason for the astounding mortality of infants, so immensely beyond that in the young of some of the lower animals. Many persons who start with small power of resistance carry it through life. Their only hope* is constant care and freedom from exposure. But of those who reach adult ago the greater part may be supposed to have inherited an average measure of physical soundness. Whence their susceptibility to disease? It comes from physical transgression, either positive or negative. Sleep, for instance, is n fundamental I condition of high health, Nothing can ' make up for a deficiency of it. Lack of ' food does not begin to equal lack of j sloop in its power to depress vitality, and i finished the captain and steward were swept away when but five feet from shore. It was an awful struggle for life between these six men and the merciless waters. Burn;? tells the story thus: Black Point, where the vessel struck, is three miles couth of the Casino. It is a mass of rock which juts boldly from tho shore, but descends into a sharp pointed reef with jagged protruding edges at its farther point. It is not one solid body, for the action of the waves has worn wide and deep crevices in it, where the water forms in pools. On tho north side it forms a sort of cove, where the sea in a gale has full sweep. 1 have charge of the cottage of S. S. Rogers, of Buffalo, where I live with my family, and which is about a quarter of a mile from Black Point on the bluff. 1 was informed about twenty minutes to 4 by Sam Kissoutb, who lives near by, that a Fcliooner was going on the point. He immediately rushed out, and was on the bluff about fifty yards from the rocks when the schooner, drifting broadside on, struck. The wind was blowing sixty miles an hour and the sleet and hail cut into the face like needles. WRECKED BY WAVES. . 1 was quickly on tho shore. The vessel was scarcely 100 feet away, and was right on top of the sharp rocks, which were exposed by each receding wave. The men were plainly visible, huddled together, hanging on to the house at the stern of the schooner. At five minutes to 4, fifteen minutes after she struck, tho mizzoimiast toppled over with a crash that was heard above tho other noises, and tluj mainmast and tho foremast quickly followed. As the foremast went over the side tho vessel split in the middle, and the cakes of ice with which she was loaded came pouring out. As tho vessel parted the men jumped for tho rocks. They all landed. Young Lawrence, a mere boy, only 18 years old, was the last to jump. He never reached the shore. Tho mute. John Rooney, as quickly as he could, threw off his hoots and overcoat. His forethought saved his life. Tho captain, the mute and the steward, Frank Hammond, kept together. While Bernard Webers and another seaman named Kuna tried to work their way over toward tho south end of the reef, the others went straight ahead and more toward the north side, where the sea had full sweep. 1 had run down to tho shore while Kissouth had gone after another man so to render tho system liable to any ... ... r,j-i, * ,Y» * it i»-iaauuiiij imit KUUU CU.LUJ. uiiuuiiui iiatiu prevailing disease. Still insufficiency of fl Rowl fa when t) t to the toodisn great depressant, and may ex- i Hf>mH ^ vpf ^j WM , n ^^ and tho where it is least expected, for tho ist food must be such as to supply tho daily waste of all the tissues—bruin, nerve, bono, muscle and fat—besides furnishing heat forming fuel. Many a person who sits at a luxurious table is not half fed.—Youth's Companion. Tli« Domlnlo Didn't, Sine It. There is a big Baptist church, colored, out in tho northwestern part of tho city. A man standing at the intersection of Vermont •ivonuo and T street might hit it with A stone without overexerting himself. Tho pastor of that church is a good deal of a vocalist, and nothing pleases his congregation more than his excellent renditions of gospel hymns, There was a meeting in that church one evening, and everything was moving along very pleasantly when the pastor said: "Now, wo are going to take up a collection, and if tho amount donated is satisfactorily largo I will sing for you—• sing anything you ask for." The congregation then shelled out its contribution, II; must havo boon -'satisfactorily large," for the pastor stopped to tho front and said: "I'll sing now, What Khali it be? Express your preferences." "Annie Rooney," said somebody in ono of the rear Beats, and tho preacher's wrath was momentarily shrouded in a burst of laughter, "I'll 'Annie Rooney' yon," shouted the offended shepherd, but; tlio joker had departed with i-ensiblo alacrity.--Washington Star, A Sneak Tliluf's Disgust. A travel ing .salesman for a Now York jewelry house left two sample cases in a railway coach Monday on the way from Oswego to Syracuse, while he went forward to smoke. When he returned the ease;-i were gono, A trainman reported that a part-vug.'!' heavily loaded with baggage left at Phenix. Tho salesman took tho fit'.st train there, and with police aid found iho man in bed at a hotel and recovered I'u 1 . IMS"'*! intact. The thief had opened i'in> case, and finding 1 it contained only :i large Bible concluded he had robbed a boo!; agontnnd disgustedly went to bed without examining the other case, in which were $i25 in cash and $700 worth of jewelry.—Philadelphia Ledger. Mr. C«mii:etli, who has been awarded a seat in the next congress, is of Italian parentage, butii native born California!!, and ho is said to bo tho first man from California in either house wuo was born in tlio state. scene the vessel was in pieces and tho men struggling for their lives. I sta- tionod myself toward the south side, and beckoned and gesticulated for the men to come that way. I yelled also, but 1 could hardly hear my own voice. The group of three and the young sailor, however, kept right on. Tho sea was dashing over tho rocks with terrific force, every wave completely submerging them. The holes and crevices were filled with water, and through these the men waded or swam, clinging to the rockweed or the slippery rocks us each wave struck them, The interest bearing part of the national debt amounted to aUmt $019,000,000 at iho beginning of last mouvh. This is the only part of the -which is burdeu- j some.— i WASHED AWAY, Young Lawrence had scarcely covered twenty-five feet of the distance when a wave struck him and he disappeared. He was the last to leave tho vessel and the first to drown. Kissouth and Rowley had now arrived, and Wobers and Lund, who had crawled and swam in, were hauled ashore, while I ran over to the other side, toward which the captain, mate and steward were struggling. The mate had caught bold of a cake of ice and was endeavoring to keep afloat on it, but soon let go. It was only five minutes since they had left tho ship, but it seemed 'an age to the men on shore who were watching tho bravo struggles of the unfortunate sailors. Inch by inch they fought their way along the treacherous, slippery rocks, holding on for their lives in the crevices and 'by the weeds when the big breakers dashed over thorn. As the waves receded 1 would rush down the slippery rock on which I stood in the vain hope that they would get near enough for me to seize them. Tho minutes seemed like hours, but still tho men held on. Now they are within ten feet, but another wave breaks over thorn. If 1 had had a ton foot rope 1 would havo saved them all. The suspense was awful as the men, with their drawn faces and Bhuj; teeth, held on and looked toward tho refuge so near them. Now tho wave goes back. A strong effort and they ; are safe. They press forward; are almost there, only tivo feet more, when a monster roller bigger tluitt the others strikes them. It tears their weak grasp from tho rocks and buries them out of eight, All but Rooney. He, divested of his coat and boots, has a better chance than the others, and as the waves go back bo lies struggling almost at my feet. It is but the work of a moment to . seize him and drag him safely on the i rock. The others were washed up on the shingle amid the driftwood of -the vessel the next day. The steward's body was entirely stripped of clothing, liis skull mashed in .and his walp turn .off.— Co*} «« *n !*•* Cafc*. After n tough thrw feoare* with death John Offer eara*> c»* and he was full of JOY. Opfer 5$ plore of the West Jersey Ferry pany, and is fond of skating. He enjoying this exhilarating 6j*Mt on Delaware at the head of Third s between the Camden shore and island. Saturday, whenheptrnck a spot in the ice and broke throngh, Th* current dragged him down and to* be-came benumbed. When he arose to the surface Opfer waa in the inidst of the broken ice Boating rapidly up stream, and he frantic pffort to save himself. several canes ot ice, out tney sawm tinder his weight and sent him again wnfl again beneath the surface. He cried loudly for help, but he wna so far from either shore and the' floating ice was so heavy that no one dared to attempt his rescue. At last Opfer, his strength almost gone, managed to climb upon an ice floe, where he fell exhausted. His struggles had been witnessed by two men on Potty's island, and as the floe drifted up toward the point they pushed off in their boat at the risk of their own lives, and pulled tho unconscious Opfer off the ice. After a hard fight the boatmen managed to make tho island again, and they carried Opfcr into tho little dwelling house that stands there. He had been struggling with ico for an hour, and gave no sign of life when efforts to resuscitate him began. After two hours' hard work, however, Opfer opened his eyes, and at List was brought out of death's grasp entirely. „ "I thought I was a goner, sure enough," said Opfer yesterday, "when I found myself banging away at those cakes of ice. Geerozalum, but I was coldl Then all of n, sudden I got warm and cozy and settled down for a nap. My! but it was nice till those men on the island woke mo up."—Philadelphia Record. W:IH with Napoloon. One of the lust of Napoleon's veterans, and naturally ono of tho very few survivors among the officers of the Grand Armce, lias celebrated bis ninety- seventh birthday in his retreat at Herblay, on tho banks of tho Seine. M. Soufilot, \vlio is extremely popp- lar in that part of the country, loves to light bis battles over again. He took parb in the campaigns of 1812 and the three following years, and before Napoleon vent to Elba ho was promoted to the rank of captain. Ho was ;i Ktatich imperialist, and aftei the downfall of his hero be refused to servo under any other regime, and was put upon half pay, but he emerged for a short time from his retirement to command a squadron of lancers of the Old Guard at Waterloo. After tho final collapse of the emperor ho left the army for good, .".t th« ago of 32, and spent the following half century of his life in civil employment. Ho then "pitched his tent," to uso his own expression, at Herblny, where ho i:i held in high esteem for his many acts of kindness. M. Souffiot is said to bo the doj'en of the members of the Legion of Honor.—London Telegraph. Old Cliiircli Uncords KLCOvcrod. Ex-Governor Charles H. Bell has restored to tho First Congregational church of Exeter, N. H., a valuable record book, discovered by him in tho shop of a local dealer in antiquities. It is a small manuscript volume containing a record of the 727 baptisms administered by the Rev. Woodbridgo Odlin between Sept. 28, 1748, and Oct. 80,1703, The book also contains ;i few miscellaneous items, of which this is the most important: "Nov'r IS, 1755. About four o'clock in ye morning there was a smart suocke of an earthquake, which was followed with several smaller shockes, to the great surprise of many. God grant yt ye impressions yt were made upon ye ruindo of many might be abiding." The handwriting is handsome and very legible, and the book is remarkably well preserved. It fills an important gap in tho early records of the church, whose age is coincident with that of tho town. —Boston Herald. ot lifts it* */> too 1 * tfvfc v/i -et> were t*nt one f* this. — if OW- YfiHfl <Hi5 Wft rails AnM her W'tiW. "I ravt- i-slVoa to *5iA5t^fl«t*n m t*v>. 'cipoly upon this snb.iwt. l^nt w> nble to fnptrcst fttir TrtWSioaS (,bc diffic.nivy. P,)K->i of tihrtft heartily n.frrw to be n-DTiifrniTi rail tft fise the country. And am rail thi-.t; lias bwn IhYWittvl, would like loser- it ndoptwl ard mil. I'M' course om-wil i? Mir T>r< tertetl by patents, but for ft }>r. Bidern-tion we "There it is in n nutshell! TSvfitT r.i wants n uniform r:iil: its own psirtu'tilur riii'i •«!r!jir,»&: <.fsry one hopes to ;:rov Tir-h 1.:.V A* pa3*nt rights if ii uniform Tiii'i ~te '-totw upon. It is imv.ovi'lilo. 3 tMiili. t liRh a uniform -suinr'lHnl. 3Snt prove a pond tliint: ftrr tili 311 could bo done. TNill inp TnfiV; be busy every v.-orinnt: <lE.y an —Chicago i\Iiiil. JJvfrn Fract\ir6 '>y ** EarthftnftKe. The poshU inspector's offices are on thft fourth staty of the appraiser's building, IMM! ar* %htol by folding windows thai amwsfc to tho floor In each sasa- > pane of extra heavy American pfos*. 30 inches in length by 18 j wide. During tho recent severe «ajrthqu&kp shock one pane was broken by tho oscillation of tho building, and in sndt it jwwiHar manner that it became an object of general interest. Thefe were four fractures extending entirely across the i\->no. starting from each corner nntl r«rmi!ig an angle at each edge, leaving A perfect square in the middle surrwmded by six half squares. The friU'tures aro aa straight as though r«t with a diamond and straightedge, wut tho proportions of each section aa 5.n>e as though laid out with mathemati- fn\ instruments. Tho jar of the earth- «Viia)w seoins to have thrown a heavy wwswiv upon the corner of the sash, wul the glass, unable to boar tho strain, cam way: but by what law of median^ !cs it broke in such regular lines and mathematical proportions is a puzzle to &]\ who have seen it. It is proposed to re the whole sash, and place it in > inuseutii na ono of the most >le earthquake freaks on record. Fraucisco Examiner. f* if it To got rid of :t c gist for a mixture atropia one 240r.h of ROT d to tb? Drug- CTETO: "iij-?.-alphate True ins; Mlssont Mull. The postmaster of Philadelphia has invented a clevico whereby ho expects to be able to trace missont and delayed mail matter. It consists of a small stamp to bo worn on the thumb of a sorter. It w an automatic inker, and every time a letter passos through bis hands for sorting the mere act of handling it will put on it a postmark. If each clerk has a number that number will go with tho stamp, and a delayed or missent letter will bo traceable thereby direct to tho actual blunderer. In his own office Mr. Field is getting his patent into use, and if it works as expected it is probable tho whole, service will adopt it. While it will bo somewhat of a nuisance in some respects, it will bo welcome to efficient sorters, as it will protect innocent men from being credited with the blunders of others.—Interview in St. Louis Globe:-Democrat. of quinine two grr.ins. unfl Fowler's solution, five drops. To ejich flnse. Take a dose once i.n two hours for tire? or four times, or -until the Throat "te^tas to feel slightly dry. If this floss not. entirely relieve lh< 4 symptoms, repeat the, treatment the next day. Copy this prescription carefully, and use it Tnv.h care, as some of The ingredients are poisonous. There is HO dagger in using it if the directions aro followed exactly. Before going to bed take a warm bath. The next morning sponge the body rapidly with tepid water, rubbing it hard until the blood circuls'i.£3 qmekly and tho skin is in a glow. Take more exercise than usual, and do not sit in a hot room with the windows shut. Mix a teaspoonfnl of cream of tartar iu a tum- blerful of water and drink it during the day. If there is constipation take a gentle laxative, as ii rhubarb pill. It is very important that all the avenues of the body for carrying off waste matter should be wide open. — Ladies' Home Journal. _ Quick Work by Reporters. The greatest feat of reporting that has ever been performed by the official reporters of congress was that of preparing the senate report for The Record Wednesday night, Jan. 14. The chief reporter was trick, and but two men were available to do the work. The senate was in session for fourteen hours, all of which timo was spent in an active discussion of the silver bill. It was aftei 12 o'clock at night when they adjourned, and during tho session they had talked over 120,000 words. Two stenographers took the report, and, by dictating theii notes into phonographs for typewriters to transcribe, they had all the copy ready for the printers by 8 o'clock in the morning, and The Record was on the desks of the senators when congress convened. —Washington Cor. Philadelphia Telegraph. . __ 3»mu .ExperttneiitB In Hypnotism. , As a result of the revived interest in hypnotism caused by the Eyraud-Bom- pard trial in Paris some experiments in hypnotism were made at the Hotel Kaiserhoff, Berlin, Monday, when some startling results were produced. One subject i;i a hypnotic condition showed that it is not always possible to suggest to a hypnotized person to perform acts which are absolutely contrary to that person's natural inclinations. The subject in question was a sportsman, who was successfully made to believe that he was present at a horse race at which he had backed the winning horse, but when it was suggested to him that he should divide his winnings he awoke with a start.— Pall Mall Budget, A Hero Indeed. There is a man in Atchison who is a hf-ro. though if you should call him one he would \«ei»ivcly know what the word meant. His wife recently died and left him with eight children. Ho labors hard by tho day and manages his housework afsor nigiit. After doing a hard day'a work ho will begin tho family washing; to be finished and hung on tho lino next morning, the ironing to bo dono tha second Anight. Ho could not afford a sewing woman, so ho has by constantly Irving learned to run a machine and cut and fit. The oldest girl is growing up, and will- be a great help to him in a few years. His little children are sent to school every day, aud they appear as neatly nnd comfortably dressed as any in the school. He did • not scatter his family among his relatives nor send them to an orphan asylum. He kept them together, and their home is almost as comfortable as it was when tho mother was alive. He is a hero, aud the greatest kind of a hero, from tho fact flint ho does not re- alise that he is a hero at all.—Atchison Globe. About Mon's Presents. Various facts became evident during the holidays. One was that a rule followed by ninety-nine men out of a hun- derd existed in these words: "When in doubt give a doll." Another wasthat.oven- if the average man begau to procure his Christmas presents now for the 25th of December nest, midnight of the 24th ol that month would find him with bis most important gifts still unbought; and un- given gifts are as useless as unkissed kisses. A third fact brought home was that no woman was ever wholly satisfied with the presents she got. If they were for her baby they were not good enough; if they were for herself she had others like them. Five women met accidentally in a car the day before New Year's; they were ;i.H going to exchange Christmas presents, and they all got off when the conductor called Fifteenth street.— New York Sun. Dartmouth 1 !* Hospital. Mr. Hiram Hitchcock, of New York, has endowed a hospital in memory of Mi late wife, Mary Hitchcock. It is being erected at Hanover, N. H., and will offer opportunities for clinical study to the students in the medical department ol Dartmouth college. The hospital will' be less than half a mile from the college, and will stand in a park of fifteen acres, on a site overlooking part of the Connecticut valley. Any patient not suffering from infectious disease will be eligible for admission, and it is believed that the professional staff will be made up of physicians from the town and the college. The hospital will probably be ready for occupancy during the coming; autumn, aud will be so liberally endowed financially as to do away with the necessity of soliciting outside assistance.— Harper's Bazar. An Oiicnition Not Necessary. Miss Alico Perry, of Bridgeport, Coun., awoke a i';:\v nights ago under the impression • tha c she was in immediate danger of strangling to death. Her false teeth were nowhere to bo i'ound7 and a doctor was at onco called. Tho physician found the caso grave enough to call iu counsel, and the only way to save Miss Perry's life seemed by the operation called tracheotomy. The instruments were obtained, and tho operation was on the verge of being performed when Miss Perry's teeth were found on tho edge of hor bed. Ilo AVa» ciutuly AIIXIOUB. Ono of the most amusing distortions Usn of I'ctroluuin Invruiislut;, It is an interesting fact that tho first use to which petroleum was put in England was not that of ti ruminant, Its chemical composition rendered it a most useful medium for preserving substances which havo a strong affinity for oxygon. Chemiutri employed it in preserving potassium and metals possessed of kindred qualities. Hot naphtha, it; was discovered, dissolved phosphorus aud sulphur, and deposited them on cooling, it was found to bo, too, an excellent solvent for gutta percha, caoutchouc, camphor, fatty and resinous bodies generally, and hence it was extensively used in tho arts for these purposes. Its groat use, however, is as ii source of artificial light, and notwithstanding the present u.-;o of coal gas and electric lighting the employment of petroleum for this purpose still increase!!.—Chambers' Journal. Gen. Flsk'< ItuqucslH All I'iiul. The administratrix of tho estate of tha late G-en. Clinton B. Fisk (Mrs. Fisk) has- paid all tho subscriptions made by 1 ie general to various colleges, theological seminaries and other institutions of the church, and has, we learn from the trustees of Drew seminary, paid a large subscription on which there was no legal claim, tho general not having signed the* book. Wo also learn that the corporation of Fisk university has decided to erect a memorial chapel, to be named the Clinton B. Fisk Memorial chapel, with tho §25,000 bequeathed by the general to t-he university and paid by the administratrix.—Christian Advocate. Will Not Stay Down. The engineers on the Fairhavon and Southern railroad in Oivgon havo stmek another natural phenomenon only second to "the Devil's Brendpan." Tho gap of five miles in the track two miles beyond tho boundary is u low, swampy place, which it was found necessary to pile. A forty foot pile was driven right was That this has been a disastrous season for theatrical companies every actor and manager will admit. One hundred and ninety-two companies have so far returned to New York. Of course they came back dead broke, for no company would return if there was a ghost of a chanco that they would ever play to a paying audience.—Now York Letter. of English that I ever heard was perpe- j into the swamp, and then another wa trated by a waiter on a Grand Trunk driven over it. But the second pile dining car, eager for his fee. would not stay down. As soon as the I bad ordered a simple supper of lake driver stopped pounding the pile began trout and buttered toast. Ita meager ap- j to rise again. Pound as they would the pearance seemed to disturb my friend in workmen could not make that pile stay the white jacket. ' down, for at every blow it seemed to "Ain't you goin" to have no other meat ^ cry "resurgam," and rose ?sides that lish, sir?" he asked.—Lewis- as the pounding ceased.—S be: again aa soon Singleton (Gal.) [inowlrtl;;^ uiul Instinct, Jaruos Hogg, a Scotch post known aa tho Ettrick Shepherd, was a close observer of life under many different form* and conditions. A conversation with a fellow shepherd upon the habits of the salmon is reported, in which shrewd native reasoning is shown. It brings out tho Scotch love of metaphysics. Shepherd—I maintain that ilka sau- mon comes aye back again frue the sea till spawn in its ain water. Friend—Toots, toots, Jamie! Hoo can it manage till do that? Hoo, in the name o' wonder, can a fish, traveling up a turbid water fra the eea, know when it reaches the entrance to its birthplace, or that it has arrived at the tributary that was its cradle? Shepherd—Man, the great wonder to me is no hoo the fish get back, but hoo they find thoir way till the sea first »v», eeein' that they've never been there ftfore!-—Youth's Companion.

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