The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on March 18, 1891 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 18, 1891
Page 2
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THE tJPPER DJES MOINES, ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY MAJRCM 18, 1891, LGONA, IOWA. • THE Marion county, Ohio, medical society recently decided to ask (ho legislature to enact n law prohibiting druggisls , .from refilling proscriptions unless ordered by the prescribing physician. citi/mis of RussBa that the gov- LATEST NEWS CONDENSED, GENERAL NOTES. fair IT is reported that have raised 92,500,000, and mont will expend a like amount for an exhibit at the Columbian exhibition. T HM damage to the French wheat crop is placed anywhere from 10 to 20 per cent, while 30 pnr cent, of winter on.ts and 80 per cent of'be.ins are lost. E.M!'Knon WIJ.UAM, of Germany, has determined to have a na"y that may cope with any power, no matter what it costs. From his earnestness it might bo'supposed that he wished to undertake an offensive warfare and toslrikc Franco from the sea- Bide. Mimco's exhibit at the world's will be an Aztec city restored. COL. W. W. GATKS, the oldest newspaper man in Tennessee, is dead. MEMBERS of the Arkansas legislature threw spittoons at each other. Dum.KY HALL& Co, Boston tea importers, have failed for 8400,000. Prior'. TOMMNS will have charge of the music at) the opening ceiemonies of the world's fair. _ Miss F-ur.Moii. daughter of Chief Justice Fuller, will be married at Washington on Easter Monday to Archibald Brown of Chicago. TIIK United States government will test the smokeless powder now used by Franco and Germany. Mns. FJIANK LESMK proposes to leave her fortune in_ trust for the establishment of a grent institution for the higher education of women. OK the three gunboats of modern build which our navy now possesses, the In loot, the IJemi'ugton, appear* f .o bo tho most satisfactory of all. The result of the official trial recently made shows a horsepower in excess of the contract requirements and in excess of that attained by oitln?r tho Yorktown or tho Concord. Her IwndiriOM was also thoroughly demon- strafed—a quality which is of tho utmost hnportrtnto in vessels of her class, li'or one hour ulio maintained a speed of 17.2 knots, and for throe succeeding hours, in tho face of a head wind and heavy soa, only full to nn average of 16 knots. This is n really remarkable showing for a ship of this typo. Tun Maritime Alps, a small department in southern France blessed with an exceptionally mild climate, makes a spe- ciality of growing flowers, particularly in the winter sciison. The product lias bo- como really astonishing, reaching un annual total of -S,308,000 kilograms (nearly 7,800,000 pounds), having a value of about 16,000,0^0 francs. This includes 1,860,000 kilograms of orange blossoms, the chief crop; 1,000,000 kilograms of roses; 157,000 kilograms of violets; 147,000 kilograms of jasmine; 74,000 kilograms of tuberoses; 50,000 Inlo'-rains of jonquils; and 20,000 kilograms of migunotte, LAIKUC deposits of onyx have been found in tho Ozark mountains, only a short distance from St. Louis. Tho only onyx in tho market has hitherto como from Pueblo, Mexico, so tho discovery of this new vein is of considerable commercial importance. Onyx is very valuable, soiling for from three to fifteen dollars a cubic foot, the buyer taking the risk of possible (laws below tho surface. In mining it no powder can be used, so holes are drilled in rows and wooden plugs inserted. Those are then cajBed to swell by soaking in warm water, and a solid mass of tho desired size is thus soparatcd without danger. Tho onyx i • reached through a wide-mouthed cavo in the mountain-Hide, so it can bo marked at very slight expense, Tincnuis a wise judge of Dos Moines. A boy\m that town dropped u riickle in the slot—ii nickle with a string tied to it. He got the article which the machine was regulated to product, and then pulled out his money, and repeated this interesting ma- nouovor until intercepted by a policeman. At tho police court ho was charged with theft, but .this would not go with tho judge. Ho hold that the boy had merely done what tho machine had enjoined him to do—dropped a iiieklo in tho slot—and that it was at fault for not further instructing him to leave it there. As far as this wise judge is concerned, there will be no wavering in tho strict and literal interpretation of tho Iowa laws. .. s.. N AN ASIIKN SKNSATION. A MOIITAI, named Monryors kept a hotel at Port Richmond, Stalen Island. He was quaor, his hotel was (moor, but his end was still more queer. Ho was a professional cynic, and made ;i compact with friends of his own way of thinking that whon he died IUH body should be cromatoi and tho ashes seatteroroil to tho winds from the top of UarthoUU's great statue of T.iborty in Now York harbor. His wishes and instructions wore carefully nd- •hered to, the final ceremonies being enacted in tho top {of tho vast "stauo of bronze March 1st on Sunday. Tho remains had been incinerated early in tho previous week, am? a party of the jovial friends of the departed went to tho statute on Sunday by the little steamer "Florence" carrying with them several bottles of champagne, together with other liquid and solid elements of conviviality, and chief of all a little box containing the handful of ashes that remained of their friend, Mounting to the top of tho statue, they waxeil jubilant under tho in- flutmoe of tho refreshments, and when all were as merry as thoy could bo the contents of the little box wore scattered to the winds. "In the clear sunshine of the beautiful day," says tho Herald, ''looking no bigger and of no more importance than a puff of cigar smoko, the cloud hung for > a moment under a leo of tho statue. Then the sharp northwest wind caught it, whirled it instantly out of sight in the direction of tho dead man's old home, and that was tho lust of tho body of Henry Meyers," America is noted for many wonderful things, but probably this is the strangest funeral ev.r hoard of. Kiev. 13. II. PADDOCK, Episcopal Bishop of Alashuchusettc, died in Boston Friday morning. A ix.'HPUTK between the clothiers' exchange and the cutters' union ntHochos- tor, N. Y., will throw 18,000 pnrHons out of work. VASHA.H college trustees ngrccd to pay 8146,200 to Rnttlo the suit of the next-of- kin heirs to broak the will of John Guy Vassar. A HHVKIIK onrthqtiake shock was fell, recently. At Ellentiburg and several other points on the Northern Pacific three distinct shosks occurred. No ilanwiru was done. TIIK Ohio supremo court has declared un- con.stiliiuonal the act passed at the special session of the legislature last your creating the board of oily affairs for ('in- cumuli. THE bill making eight hours a day's labor in Pennsylvania, instituted under the control of the state, passed finally in the senate lodiiy. Tins Chicago graduates of West Point military academy will celebrate tho eighty- ninth iiniversary of the founding of that institution by a reunion at the Auditorium 'hotel on March 10. Morns than 100 dnys ago Capt. F. \i Norton Hailed for Europe on a small steamer of tho same name, for which he claimed the quality of being unsinkiible by stoim or Hood. He has never been seen since. A BOSTON man claims to have discovered an ore in the Rocky Mountains which ineratHOH tho fluidity of iron and adds from 10 to 24 per cent on the Litter metal when added in the proportion of 1 per cent. FOREIGN. PIUNC.K NATOI.KON is dying at Rome. UKAVY HIIOW storms are reported from England and Scotland. TiutUK hundrei 1 Chinese pirates and robbers have boon bchmulcd. A SNO\V-HTOKM of almost unprecedented violence is rnging in England. AI.ISXANDEK 1. has been ollicially proclaimed king cf Bulgaria. A ROME dispatch says Prince Jerome Napoleon Boimpart is (.lying. PIUNCE IhsMAiiciv will re-enter politics, being a candidate for election to thoreich- stag. Tins duko of Malborough has purchased Koveral valuable American trotting horses, and will introduce tho brood in England. DICCIA.IEKF, a Nihilist leader and assassin, for whom a reward of 10,000 roubles bus linen offered by tho Russian government, has been arrested. PHOK. FKANCK VON MIKCI.OHISH, a well known author rind loader of the wlavist party, died in Voinna, Saturday, from brain fever aged, 78 years. TiiEit SoiiYMOKiB, who was said to have been mimic-red by the Jews atTisza, Hungary, has been found living in Now York under another name. IN a discussion on Cuban affairs in the Spanish cabinet the sale of that country to tho United States was considered. The weight of opinion was decidedly averse to any such negotiation. OVKU 100 persons, mostly children, were recently crushed by tho falling of a synagogue at Meir/.ol, Wpstplmlia. A cAuijiouitAM from Chili received at Hamburg, Germany, says President Balnmciula has boon' numlorod. I'll K small warship Dryer, with twenty- four men on hoard, has gono down oil Ports-mouth, on tho Devonshire coast. Not one man on board tho ill-fated craft was saved. TIMOTHY HAUKINUTON has published a Dublin a letter denouncing tho Irish Catholic bishops for thoir interference in poli- ticH. (iuicsi)A, tho French .socialist, who has boon in Brussels for some time past arranging plans for the May day celebration, has boon warned to luavo Uelgiuin at his earliest, possible, convenience. _ THIS Paris IVmps nays that tho negotiations Imtwuon Franco and lOnglam! on the Newfoundland question havo resulted in an agreement, which will bo submitted to the French and English parliaments at the end of tho week. TIIK large tube heating apparatus in tho lilochairn Iron Works exploded Wednesday, .spreading death and destruction all around. Four men were killed outright, thoir bodies being drjiulfully mutilated. Many others wore seriously injured. FIRES AND CASUALTIES. FIUK destroyed property worth $'200,000' at Chicago. TiiuKic-FouiiTiiB of tho town of Yuiiia, Gal., is under water, and the place is threatened with destruction. Finn in Charles Stock's plaining company, Milwaukee, caused a loss of $7,500. THIS Hartford lino steamer City of Richmond was burned at her dock in Now York Friday night and two waiters were cremated. Loss, $90.000. FIVE hundred people have been driven from their homos at ^Nashville by the flood in tho Cumberland river. MKS. JANE SMITH, aged 70 years, put a hot brick at her feet when she retired, at Weyauwega, Wis. The bod clothes ignited anil the old lady was Lurnod to a crisp, BARNEY BISCKAM, William Weipenbach ami Gorlumlt Eller were killed by the explosion of a sawmill boiler, Wednesday at Diedrice, 111. A THAIN load of passengers has been siiovi-l^uud thirty miles west of Readville, Colo., since lust MOD day nioruiug and the enow is still falling. '1 WE Pencolet cotton mills, at'Pencolet S. C., were destroyed by an incendiary fin Wednesday. The loss is 890,000. TIIK Chamber of Commerce building and the J. R. Wcddin & C<x, building a Pitt'hurg, Pa., burned Wednesday night causing a loss of $500,000. M isa LOUISE CONNKU,T and Henry C Lamur were drowned in a canal near Augusta, da. "YADDO," the Saratoga residence o banker Spencer Trnsk, of New York anc Boston, was burned Tuesday. Loss, $100, 000. AT Buffalo. N. Y., a fire which started at 2:15 Tuesday afternoon destroyed the building at the corner of Court atid Pear streets, occupied by 0. V. Fornes & Co. dealers in clothing. The loss will not be less than 8100,000. THE south-bound express on the Jack sonville Southern railroad was wrecket near Havana, III., Sunday and the whole train burned up. Fireman James N. Saddler was killed and nine persons seriously bruised. MAiii contractor Green reports aMexi can woman and her five children urowned at Solomonville. Arizona, while endeavoring to cross the Gila river on a raft. Fiitis on Tuesday morning destroyed the printing house of Gibson & Co., atOranhn, Neb. Loss, $200,000, insurance. 3140,000. Tho fire wits caused by a boy smoking u cigarette in tho press-room. Broatch's wagon-stock house adjoining was damaged to the extent of 820,000, covered by insurance. THE "Red-Express." a passenger train botwcmi Chicago and St, Louis over the Siinfn Fo line, was wrecked at Hnyanna, lll.,enrly Sunday morning. Tho fireman and two passengers sire dead and several others aro injured. Mus, KmvAiii) McGiiATii, age 7;! yarp, whi'o crossing a railroad track at Giiles- bnrg. Ill, Tuesday night, had a narrow escape from being struck by a passenger train that she^lied soon afterward from heart failure, induced by the fright. AN unknown mun was instantly killed by a Northwestern train at Ohio and Dus- pliiins streets, Chicago, 111., at 9 o'clock Friday night. Ho wan about 30 years old and had blue eyes, a full, brown beard, and wore good clothes. A silver watc h and about forty cigar-stumps were found in his pockets. GRIME. , RATH KK fhan live in St. Louis six persona in. Unit town killed themselves Friday. DAVID POSTON, a prominent lawyer of Memphis, was mortally wounded by Col. II. Ultiy King. AT Philadelphia Jaires Joyce, aged fourteen years, committed suicide by shooting Monday night. Tho deed was" prompted by fear of punishment which his father had threatened to inflict for an act of remissness. DAN McMAiioN went to prison for life from Port Huron, Mich., for a murder committed two days ngo. LENA CUNNING-UAH tho face of hor sister, mor.ning, at Rochester her for life. A FOUT SMITH, Ark., man who is only twenty-one yearn old, has been arrested for bigamy. Ho is said to' have eight wives. threw vitriol into Matilda, Saturday , N. Y., disfiguring SID ; \EY LEWIS, who some days ago shot and killed his father, Judge Lewis, in Hard in county, Ky., is in jail at Kauip- ville, Tenn. A LONO-TIMK quarrel between Dr. Oeorge J. Garrison and Dr. George Bird, of Wheeling, W. Va., resulted in tho fatal .shooting of the latter Saturday. JAMES REYNOLDS, salesman for Kelly, Maus £ Co., committed suicide Saturday morning. GEOHGE LINN, who has been brought to Chicago on a charge of forging his mother's name to the deeds ol valuable Chicago property, denies his guilt. JAMEH A. Simmons was found guilty of embezzling $622,000 from the Park National bank of New York. NICHOLAS T. EATON, a millionaire stockman of Kansas City, was'mysterious- y shot and killed on the street in that city Wednesday night. AT Viiginia,. Neb., Belle Prcusch, aged fourteen, fatally shot herself recently on account of having been suspended from attending public school for alledged misconduct. When she* was inforn.pd that the wound was mortal she declared that she was innocent of tho charge. F. A. GAI.IO, a banker of Canton, S. D., killed hi.msolf- because ho had lost his fortune in speculation on tho Chicago board of trade. ^ AT Dickson, Tenn., Monday, Charles Street and Manning quarreled over a nickel, Street stabbed Manning in the groin and neck, inflicting perhaps fatal wounds. A. S, HOMDSON, an employe of Jutte & Co., of Pittsburgh, Pa., raised one of his employer's checks Saturday from §42 to 84,200, got it cashed an-1 left town. He was caught in a similar transaction tho day before, but was not discharged or prosecuted. WASHINGTON. THE president has refused to pardon John C. Kno, of New York, who was convicted of bank wrecking. Tim president, on Tuesday, appointed Thomas A. Olcsgardo, of Fargy, N. D., register of the land oflice at Minot, N. D. JOHN C. ROJUNSON, of Kingston, Ind., is appointed special agent for the allotment of lands in severally to the Iowa Indians of Oklahoma. JAMES H. BEATTIE, whoso nomination as district judge of Idaho was laid over by the United States senate, has been re-appointed by the president. TIIK now feature of the postal service will go into opeiation April 1 next, when seaport offices will be established on the German steamers plying between New York and Hamburg and Bremen. SerlouB Danger Threaten! every man, woman or child Hying in * region of country where fever and ague U prevalent, since the germs of malarial disease ate inhaled from the air and are swallowed from the water of such a region. Medicinal tafeguard 1» absolutely necessary to nullify this danger. As a meaui ot fortifying and acclimating the *y«tew so a» to be able to resist the malarial poison, Ilos- totUr'o Stomach Bitten it incomparably the best and the most popular. Irregularities of the atom* ach, liver and bowelf enconrag* malaria; but these are speedily rectified bytht Blttvi. The •nmeUoni ot digestion and §ecretioa ar» a«»ift«d br ito use. and a vigorous as w*ll ai regular con- dittos of the system promoted by U. Constitution and physique are thn* defended ae»in« the ta- f* 1 " 1 * W »<• »at«bltw preventive, aUo » otrUin and thorough rtwedy U wot* (*H« rf tat*raut«a( THE FIRST OF THE GYPSIES They Made Their First Appearance in Western Europe in 1817, in Germany. The Perseentions They Endured, am Some of the Peculiarities of These Wanderers. Gypsies Appeared in the Far East Long* Befwe They Arrived in Europe. Iri the course of the .numerous wars which have_rent the world into hostile factions, the dispersal of nations has been of not infrequent occurrence;: but generally it tias happened-that when a-nation was sesit- ;ered the members lost their national identity, the men have forgotten to what nation they belonged' and have- become absorbed into other peoples. TWO.OB three notable instances to tho contrary, however, lave happened, but of! the whole number none is more singular than that of the gypsies, a people who once were a- race, ind although now scattered bands of wanderers, nevertheless preserve many of hose characteristics which are generally 3onsidored to indicate nationality. Al- hough their national identity was ages xgo completely destroyed, and by some ational movement thoy were sent from heir native land to become wanderers up nd down this earth, still the families of •agronts retain much of their original mgiuige, together with not a few pe- uliarilies which completely separate them roin all other peoples. Tho first appearance of tho gypsks in Vestern Europe was in 1417, \yhon a band umbering, according to different ac- ounts, between 400 and 1,500, appeared n Germany. This little host of in- aders soon found thoir way into very piirt of Germany. The first band vas rapidly succeeded by others,. and i ncler the influence of some un- cnown a<foncy tho gypsies soon nine in swarms,- and found their way cross the Alps into Italy, across the Ihine into France, over the Pyrenees into pain, across the Channel into the British sles. \ few of their loaders were richly respccl, and assumed all the style of n>edi- )val noblemen; but the greater part were ioor, ill-clad and worse fed. A singular eaturo of this, the first invasion, lay in the act that a gypsy band had been precisely he same as the gypsy band to-day. The nen were on horseback or on foot, the vomen and children in wagons; the gyp.- iea vere noted for their fast driving, for heir love of horses and dogs. They, call- d themselves the Sicani, and told various tories about their origin and the country rom whence thev had come. Some said hey were from India, others claimed to ie from Egypt, and endeavored to excite iopu|ar sympathy in their behalf by var- DUS tales of their sufferings. In one town bey detailed a pathetic narrative of huv- ng been driven out of Egypt because they, ibjured Christanity; in another tbey laimedihat the Saracens had expellecl tiem from Asia because they refused to ccept Mohammedanism. In still another hey declared Asia by tho monster Tamer- ane. At first their stories wore received vith some degree of credit, but the gyp- ies themselves soon fell into disfavor, "hey were horse traders and horse thieves*, hey were tinkers, they were petty pilfer- rs of any small goods that could convon- ently bo stolen and secreted. Their wo- nen were all fortune tellers, and inculcated ,mong the people the belief that a gypsy voman could dual in the In arious countries the people soon rose gainst them, and, as we are naively in- armed, "divers were slain for-their.evil Iceds." . This was their first appearance in west- rn Europe, but long before this they were cnown in the east, though how long is un-- ertidn. Two hundred years before they ppeared in Germany they were mentioned iy an Austrian monk who saw them in ireece and Asia Minor. Writing.a para- jhrase on the book of Genesis he pauses 0 incorporate in the margin a bit of his xperience concerning the gypsies, found- is remarks on the verse mentioning I he jirth of Ishmael. This Ishmael is the father of those ac- ur.-ed wanderers, wh<9 go upland.dfawn,the arth trading horses and * stealing, work- ng in iron and making such employment 1 cover for their wickedness. Buy noth- ng of them, .for you are certain,never to get its full value." It is even believed thaj the abode-of;the gypsies in eastern Europe long antedated! his worthy father, and some writers on ,he subject do not scruple to state that imong the wanderers and vagrants excelled at almost regular intervals from, lonie, Constantinople,, and other large ities of the Roman empire, we may rec- iguize the gypsie* by tho description of 'groups oft mm'' 'olack as Titulars,, who vorliotl at iho forge* were good- dancers,, vere skilled in. music, and were accoui- >anied by thievish women who looked into he palms of-credulous persons to foretell heir future." The description is tolerab- true to nature, and makes it almost ertaiu that the gypsies came from the ast, perhaps by the' way of Egypt, a long hue before they made their appearance n western Europe, and also that thoy al- vays exhibited- the same character'of fea- ure, and practiced the same employments whioh has ever since distinguished them. On, their first coming into Western Eu- 'opp,. the wandering folk were almost gen- irally well received. Thhy were clever >'eoplev generally more skillful at the craft him the native workmen at the time who nuictieed it, and what they did not know hey soon learned. Pleasant spoken, court'S, quick at acquiring- the language of he country they adopted fcr their own, hey easily insinuated themselves into cxxl company. Early in the fifteenth cen- ury they were allowed to dance before the ^nglish king at Windsor, before the Scot- ish king at Holyrood, and acted plays at he French court. Early in the sixteenth entury they became famous as fiddlers n Italy, as guitar players in Spain, as larpers in Wales and Ireland. They beanie painters, wood and iron workers, itchers or engrrovers on copper, soon learn- ifl to counterfeit, four of them being hang- d for an attempt to counterfeit tho great eal of England in 1549, they made bows "ind arrows, knives and swords. Soine- imes they were even held in distinction, or more than one royal writ went put al- owin£ their leaders to administer justice n their bands "according to the laws oE Jgypt." In several countries of Europe this con- dence was soon abused, and then came etribution. Up to the time of the han which eign lored ftl ptefsscwtion the gypsies had been ai worst merely petty thieves pnd swindlers, but finding themselves the objects of general detestation, they rapidly df.velopee worse traits of characters. They were accused of many heinous off jnses. It was charged that they were canniabals, thai they robbed graves, that they stole children for the purpose of eating them, that tbey murdered men to drink their blood. In Germany Lundreds were arrested and put to the rack and make them confess. Thi>y did not confess, but when asked where they had concealed the corpses they had itolen they could not tell, and were again tortured. In France they were put to death by wholesale simply on suspicion and _because of their nationality. A more serious charge than any broughl up to that time was "made about the ue ginning of the sixteenth century, a charge which allied them to witches and associated them with witchcraft. t This was quickly followed by an accusation that they had no religion. They may have had' a national religion at the beginning, of their wanderings, but seem to have lost it,, for in whatever country they were, they adont- sd or protended to adopt the religion'of the people. Notwithstanding the fact that they rendered an apparent conformity to ;he religions rites of those by whom they were surrounded, they mingled 1 with -the adopted religion many secret ceremonies of their own, which in time, being discovered, added. to the heinousness of their offense. _ Thus, classed with vagrants, with here- ics, with witches, a general crusade • was jegun against them, and whatever iaults they had were far more punished by the cruelty with they were treated. During the ot Henry VIIL they were or- out of England, and vessels were >rovidcd for their transhipment, but :a .few•ears later we -read of fines being inflicted in shipowners who brought them back. ndeed, it, was found impossible to get rid t them entirely, for the people stood iu we of thfim. The mystery of their origin, he tales aa to- whence they came, their laim to deal in the black art,' their pre- snded gift of prophecy, all make them readed by. the country people, who were ifrajcl to complain of them to the author- ties, and thus enabled them in many dii;- ricta to enjoy a comparative immunity. wore (hey entirely without uses, " for litsy carried* many, though humble, arts o secluded, parts of the country, and for his reason, .too. were protected, or at least lot persecuted in the remoter rural districts.- ear the cities and towns, however, they offered severely. Hundreds were arrest- d, tho men were hanged, the women and hildren drowned, for no other crime than hat of their birth, aa in not a few in- tances the solo record is something like hat made -in Norwich in 1582: ''Three nen were hanged and one woman and two hildren drowned feu- being Egyptians." The severities passed upon them had the ffech of driving the.n north, and in Scot- •ind for a <long time they found shelter. •Iven here, however, trey at length fell nto disgrace, presumably on account of scandalous adventure of James V. This uonarch was fond of prowling about at night among his subjects, and chanced on 3110 such excursion to come upcn a gypsy ncauipment, where ho became a boon ompanion of the wanderers in their CEI- ousalx. Speaking with too much famili- irity to a woman of the tribe, he was as- aulted by, one of the men, and forced to. ave his life, to discover himself. The gypsies. kept him prisoner for several days nd finally. released him only under prom- se of their immunity from punishment. n revenge, however, after his escape, he ssued a royal proclamation declaring ,hat if- three gypsies be found together uiy of his subjects might kill one of the hree without incurring either re| roach or unishment. At, this- time a wide tract of country cross the island, known as the Debatable jand, separated England from Scotland, .'his territory was the home of refugees, Df outlaws, of deperadoes, who, in this district of uncertain jurisdiction, found inmunity from the officers of justice of joth England and Scotland. Tho Scottish fypsies, finding themselves hard : pushed, •esorted to this tract as a refuge, .and in wnsideiable numbers banded themselves ogether, both for their own- de- ense and for pursoses of robbery. They formed for many years the worst class of outlaws, having a regular irganization, with chiefs, pass words,, rickets, detectives and spies iu all neigh- wring towns and villages. They even ..ranted passes for travelers, footpads and, righwaymen by cultivating an acquain- ance with the gypsy chief and obtaining ii written pass or some mere token which vas at once respected. It was also a peculiarity ofi gy.psy. life hat the wanders adopted the manners and anguiige of tho people among whom, they ettlecl. This was the case in, Scotland Jso; and manifested in a curious, way, for a while the Scottish gypsies spoke in he broad brogue of whatever country they ived in, they also adopted tho Scottish jlamushnesss, and the bands of. rival chiefs soon became as hostile as any sot clans in the highlands,, so that their ends and battles mado thorn, uncomf Drt- ible neighbors. Many of the Scottish ;ypsy chiefs were men of undaunted cour- ,ge, and with their thievish, dispositions, vere also characterized) by occasional :urious fits of generosity, lii their way hey were notable characters,, and in the innals of South Scotland are many gypsy tories—of Will Fann,. who wis about to rob tho minster ofi the- parish, but on earning who was in his clutches, apolo- ised and conducted) the reveieud gentle- nan through "the, bad bit of land" of Vlacdomvld and Jo/wison, the chief's who ong defined the law, but at length were- aken and hanged together, and at whose- execution all the. military in the country .vere paraded fo»- fear of rescue, and fining themselves doomed to certain death, hey bribed tliti hangman "to make a ;ood job:" of Jean Gordon, who sheltered n her barn and preserved from all harm a -entlemau who hsd once been kind to Her, of Matt Bailie, who, reproved by a ,voman of his tribe for plundering a gentleman who had given her sixpence, invited the injured person to his tent, placed twenty or thirty stolen purses before him and asked him to pick out his own, then counted the money to make sure the count was correct, remarking, "See among what hcvnest peopln you have fallen;" of Charley Graham, who gave a poor widow the money to pay her rent, and robbed her landlord of it aa he was taking it home, and, returning, gave her a receipt in full for the monep he had loaned her. We know the English and Scottish gypsies better than any other country, for although the gypsies have no literature of their own, more attention has been given them in these two countries than elsewhere. The peroistence of this remarkable people in their habits of life for 400 years at least since they appeared in Europe is one of tba strangest incidents iu history. The, are'now found elsewhere, itia 1 " (' that Bottess than 1,500,000 are in Europe- alone, to saj nothing of those in the* United States, in Canada, South America,) Africa and Australia. They are abundant' in all parts of Asia, are found even in China and Siam, and are everywhere the same. Wherever .the climate permits they live in tents, are always wanderers, always outcasts; from a people separate- from all others,, and the preservation of their language, of their habits, or what we may call a certain national individuality, is nothing; less than a sociological miracle. The Fayerweather nen*tecton.- The agreement entered into by the executors and residuary legatees under the will of the late Daniel B. Fayerweather of New York to turn nearly the whole of the residue of the estate, amounting to some $2,000,000; to charatable and educational objects in addition to the $3,100*000 or $2,200,000 so bestowed directly by the will itself, will, if carried out, make this- the largest benefaction of the kind known since the time of George Peabody, Johns- Hopkins and Stepnen G-irard. Mr. Peabody, before his death in 1869v made public gifts that must havo aggregated $7,0001 000' if not more, in additiou to large amounts quietly bestowed in charity in divers ways, tint his fortune considerably exceeded this, and he left as much as $5,.000,000- to relatives at his death. His benefactions made him famous all over the world. • Johns Hopkins gave 84,500(000 tor the hospital and §fct,500iOOO for the university bearing his name at Baltimore, and at his death in 1873.the margin of his estate, above these gifts, was about $2,OOOjOOO. But quite all of the eslate of Air.. Fayerweather will go to charitable and educational objects, as did that of Girard; and the further fact that he was never known by even, friends to be so wealthy a man, until.his death, will all.go to make this benefaction of over S4,OQO|0(IO« perhaps the most noticeable in the history of the country. But in the time of Peabody. and Girard and Hopkins there were few private fortunes as large as theirs,, and at about ;he timo of Jtheir deaths there was-probab- y not more than two men worth over §40,)00.. In ;the time of- Eajerweather,. uowever, there are two or three men whose fortunes will amount to over $60,000,000, and a very considerable number in addition whose individual wealth exr- ceeds §20,000. And. yet nmid.sueh different surroundings a public bequest as large .is that of Mr. F.ayerweather is as- were the gifts of .Mr..Peabody. There is an • impression abroad among the people that with the rapid growth of these amuzing..and unprecedented individual fortunes there has been no corresponding quickening of the sense of. the tremendous responsibility, which their possessions imposes upon the possessor., it looks very much as if this might be-the case. Glaoiem-of /Usului luulithe Alps, Scrlbner.. The peaks of the Yiakutat Bay spurs. and the point of Cook presented their sharpest angles toward us, and. the sandstone cliffc's standing above-the snow could. easily be mistaken for volcanic dykes.. I, can ivadily understand; how.. St. Ellas,. Cook, and other peaks-of the • range presenting to the sea their upturned angular strata, and consequently sharpest, steepest slopes have been .mistaken for volcanoes. It was bewildering to watch, these snow- h'elds, which in tho sitting sun. were not luminous buti a fine, .clear, white expanse, gradually, assuming a. darker- hue as the- sun gradually. dropped behind. St.. Elms. 1 1 smiled to think of the groat care taken by Alpine guide.-,,, forbidding, even. a whisper or a journey, without a. guide- upon the Mer de Glace.. If such a mountaineer were suddenly, transported, to the- great Seward Glacier,. and felt the glacier tremble and listen to- the constantly fallr ing avalanches from the crags of Elias and Cook,.! imagine he would throw away his-alpenstock and flee in dismay. Orjiameiit. London .Bukor.'s-TJmos, Get a ; piece of sponge— the coarse, cheap. kind. is. the best— andi after wetting it thoroughly with warm, water, squeeze it gently so as- to wring: oub most of the- water, but not all. Have-ready some seeds of rice, oals, millet,, barley, grass and red clover,.and push, them into th'e damp. holes- ot the sponge. Now Imng it up in, a window where it will get tho sun during- part of tha-day,,. taking caro to sprinkle it with a little water- every, day for a week,. so that it may be slightly moist. Sooa the httlw. spear-like leaves will begin to; shoot from, every part of the sponge-,, and,. as they increase in- length, a beautiful green fringe- will be- seen falling, down, ovor this. BUI tic basket and co verin«. it on every side-. It wiW remain green and refreshing to the eye for- a long time. If carefully tended and sprinkled the clover will bloom.. Keeping Away from 13;. Denver Times. Probably few people are aware- of the extent to which the "13" superstition is carried out of this country. Many of the prominent hotels have no room with that number, while a large number of the of- nee skip the sama or msirk the rooms on the first floor by the letters of the alhpa- bot, beginning the numbers on the second floor at 200, the third floor at 300, and so on up in regular succession. Owners of buildingf, where that number is on an office find itdificult to rent the room in con- sequince. e . The death of Sir Joseph William Bazalgette, the eminent engineer, is announced, lie was born in 1816, and was at the time chief engineer of tho metropolitan board ot water works, and while in this position he was instrumental in perfecting the drainage system of London. The deceas- eu engineer designed and executed the Albert anil Chelsea embankments and other works. He was created commander ot the bath in 1871, and was knighted in .10(4. A Concordia, Kan., preacher had a valuable horse blanket stolen during the progress of a series of revival meetings. In a lew days the thief was converted by the preachers words, and the next day returned the stolen blanket and confessed His sin. Sugar will be placed on tho free list oa pnl I, and.m anticipation theilof the treasury department has perfected arrangements so that refined siurar may be T 1 ; the countl> y as soon as after it becomes free The Story Unfounded. CITY, la., March 11—A Tacorna special, about the confession of Lars Peder- «m cannot be verified. No siwh man as Pederson or a victim eyer worked the Silberhorn paokfo (\

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