The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on May 4, 1892 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 4, 1892
Page 6
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1MB tfEWSStt DES MOMrM ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, lg92 L The Upper Des Moines BY INGHAM & WARREN. terrnn of The Upper De* Hoines: On* copy, one year 11.50 On« copy, six months 75 CW« copy, three months 40 Sent to any add .-MS at above rates. Remit by draft, moqe 7 order, express order, Otposta- note afc our risk. Rate« of advertl-Jng sent on application. MOKE ABOUT IiOAl>S. Nearly every paper in the country is discussing the road question and publishing various plans suggested by contributors, who have given some time to studying it. All sorts of ideas have been advanced, some practicable and some visionary, but out of them a few are being accepted by all as furnishing the key to the situation. It is generally agreed that there will never be good rpads till wide wheel tires are in general use, that grades can never be made satisfactory till they a;-e rolled with heavy rollers, that gravel must be relied on for furnishing a hard surface, that drain tile is needed everywhere, and so on through a list of minor matters. And aside from these and more fundamental it is agreed by all that there will never be good roads until the money spent on them is collected like other taxes and spent under the direction of competent engineers. This is the beginning of all road reform. It is idle to waste time in theorizingabout how to make a road, if after all the old system of " working out' r taxes under any boss who will accept the place is to continue. No county in Iowa will ever have good roads that way. One township may have a competent man who will give his time as road supervisor, but the county as a whole will have a lot of mud roads, even though a book on good roads were given free to every man, woman and child in it. Road reform will begin with collecting and spending the road money in a business-like way. After that it will for many years at least probably be confined to such'simple matters as constructing proper drains, and proper grades. The Iowa Homestead very correctly says that these two things will in large part fix our highways for travel: "The first thing to be done is to seculre good drainage. Many roads fairly gopd over almost their entire length are practically impassable because of a mud hqle which could be removed permanently at a cost of less than 95 by tile drainage. .When nature has established a seep or spouty place she does not change it because it happens to be oh a section line. When the road crosses the head of a slough no amount of natural fall or surface drainage will pro vent a bog hole. The water must be removed by tiling before it reaches the surface. It takes a long time to make some supervisors understand this, but nature is imperative and will have her own way. Next to the removal of the water comes the proper grading of the road bed. After this it is time to talk about gravel, macadam, and all that. It is preposterous to talk about either gravel or macadam for niae- tenths of the roads in the west." Mony papers are advocating extravagant schemes for wholly changing all present plans of road work. The Homestead, much more reasonably, says: "The road question needs a thorough investigation and full discussion, but it seems to us that for the greater part of the west it is a question of selecting the most traveled roads with the best grades, draining them thoroughly first and then learning how to use dirt." This is at least true in Kossuth. The money spent yearly in this county scientifically applied would grade, drain, and where needed gravel our travelled highways and make them passable in all seasons. All. that is needed is to let the work by contract and have it supervised by someone who knows what he is trying to do. If the work were done in this way, private parties would bring in the graders, rollers, and ditchers needed to make good roads and contract by the rod or mile. The question is which township or county will make a move? THK SHOUT STOUY. The success of "Romance," a monthly magazine published in New York and devoted exclusively to short stories, is occasioning a lively debate between the advocates of the novel and this modern claimant to popular favor. In In tt " plea for seriousness" a writer in the last Atlantic cites the popularity of the short story as an evidence of the frivolity of the present time, and admits that the short story is driving out the novel. Whether the Atlantic writer is correct or not, it is true the short story is enjoying its innings. If It is driving the three-volume novel out, it is probably because tho fittest survives. Poe in one of his lectures maintained that there is no such thing as a long poem. Long poems, so called, are only collections of short poems, the true poem is short. In the same sense the long story is simply a series of short stories. Is not the short story, the perfect picture of one event or character, the. real unit in tho composition of romantic literature? And is the popularity of Thos. Nelson Pago or Rudyard Kipling a sign of mental frivolity in readers? Is it not rather the sign of a growing demand for tho highest art in tho smallest details, a growing weariness over stories which ask that a/ few brilliant chapters make amends for connecting links of uninteresting dullness? Fielding in "Tom Jones" promised that when there was nothing ti) v tell about his hero, he would skip those years of his life. Too few observe ?lus wise precaution, but like Fielding's ^ stage coach travel tho whole road whether they have a passenger or not. This is what makes the short story always welcome, ft condenses into a column what once occupied a volume, it is the legitimate product of the rush of modern life as well as of its mental keenness and brilliancy. THE J^OtJISIAXA Et-ECTIOJf. The Fort Dodge Messenger has collected some passages from editorials in the New Orleans papers on the late election. They show what an "honest election" means in the south. The Times-Democrat says: " No one -rho glances over the figures of some of tbe parishes can doubt for a second that the boxes were stuffed, and stuffed recklessly and monstrously. With their control over tbe election machinery of the state it was possible for the Fosterites to fix up tbe returns days in advance; and these majorities now reported were actually arranged some days ago in the Foster committee room in this city. * * . » » The order seems to have gone forth from headquarters to return as big majorities as the registry lists would allow, and in some of the parishes this seems to have been interpreted as meaning that the entire registration should be returned as having voted for Foster." The Picayune says: " Only a plurality over the highast competitor is required in this state. » * * * Let us hope, for the credit of the state, that no more votes have been counted in the boxes than there are actual voters in their respective parishes. A reasonable vote will be entirely efficient to secure Mr. Foster's triumph, and it will be more logical and easier to explain." The New Delta, also democratic, says: " The Times-Democrat and the people it represents had as well understand right now that the people who were numerous enough to elect Foster are numerous enough to inaugurate him. We give them to understand that the men who voted for him for governor intend to see that he is the governor. They elected him governor and they propose to make him governor. The people have spoken, and the man or the men or the newspapers who attempt to stand in the way of the triumphant march of a victorious majority of 40,000 democrats are going to be run over. Any attempt to count out Mr. Foster, even should his opponents have a majority of the legislature (which they have not) would be met by the wrath of an enraged people, which would not only defeat the attempted robbery, but would also destroy the robbers. In all seriousness we warn the defeated conspirators to attempt no tampering with the result of election; the people are in no mood to stand it." These editorial utterances show what spirit prevails in southern politics. The northern reader can judge from them the relative fairness and merit in an expression of public opinion at the polls; in the two sections of the country. Senator Finn is making it warm for the crowd that are after him. The Capital reports: "There was a sensation in court when Senator Finn came in from Des Moines and filed counter affidavits to Belvel's motion for a continuance, showing a complete contradiction of the facts set up by Belvel, who is making efforts for a con tinuance. It was developed that the witnesses whom Belvel had sworn were sick and unable to attend court on account thereof, had been told by Belvel not to come, and for that reason only did not attend. The same witnesses declare that they not only will not swear to the facts set up by Belvel that he expects to prove by them, but declare that they were not acquainted even with Senator Finn. It is darkly hinted that the grand jury has taken up the matter and Belvel may have a woi-se •chai-ge to answer for than libel. Seuatoi Finn is ever on the alert, and the Belvel crowd will have a hard job if they succeed in putting up any jobs on him; but they may succeed in landing themselves behind the bars. Senator Finn will force the libel cases to trial next week if possible." J. E. F.. Markloy, the brilliant young lawyer of Mason City, will be permanenl chairman of the democratic state convention. The students at the Mt. Pleasant college have held a mock national convention and nominated Blaine and Dolliver, Latest reports .are that Blaine positively and unqualifiedly refuses to consider a presidential nomination. The general conference of the Methodist church is now in session in Omaha. One hundred and thirty annual conferences have sent delegates from every state and territory in the union, and from nearly every country in Europe and South America, besides the mission fields in India, China, Africa, etc. There are 700 delegates representing 33,858 churches, 15,058 ministers, and over two and one-half million church members. Fraternal delegates will be present from other branches of the Methodist family, which embraces in all 77,181 churches, 45,271 ministers, and 6,505,607 members. The general conference meets once in four years, and will not be in the west again for a generation. There are no bishops to elect this year unless a new one is added, but important questions will be settled at Omaha affecting church government. Des Moines has the largest starch factory in tho world building, and a several times millionaire preacher. Des Moines may properly be said to be booming. Gov. Boies lias paroled Stormy Jordan. Ho must stop tho saloon business and not have his property used for it either. Another fake is abroad. It is something to put in kerosene to prevent explosions. No such preventive is known to science. The democratic county conventions quite generally are for Boies for president. Perkins Bros, of Sioux City have a voting booth invented to meet the demands of tho new voting law. Tho Capital describes it and suys: "It is three feet square, about seven feet high and made of sheet steel. About 60 of these booths will be needed in an ordinary county as tho law requires one for every 60 voters or fraction thereof. They cost from fi to $10 each. Now ballot boxes will also have to be purchased on account of, the size of the ticket used under this system. Tho average cost of introducing the new system will be $1,000 to the county or$99,000 for the entire state. The Iowa world's fair commissioners will send nine tree trunks to be used as columns to support tbe collonades of the forestry building. They are to be 25 feet long, from nine io eighteen inches through. They will select a white oak, burr oak, black walnut, hickory, cottonwood, soft maple, cherry, elm, and ash, as- Iowa's characteristic trees. An Iowa man has invented a new typewriter. It makes 81 characters with 27 keys, and the types are above the paper, coming down with a direct motion. A $25,000 stock company at Dubuque will develop the machine. We hope the Courier will not overlook Ae following in the Livermore Gazette: " Jas. Taylor of Algona, member of the democratic state central committee from the Tenth district, is prominently mentioned as a probable candidate for secretary of state." Budd beat Grimm in the Grinnell contest The Register's reporter says: " The birds were particularly hard on account of the strong northwest wind blowing diagonally accross the traps. This was shown by the fact at the close each man had eight birds dead beyond bounds. The score was: Budd 88 birds, and Grimm 85. Budd had some advantage in getting a little better birds, and Grimm had the luck of getting several very hard birds. The shooting in this match was remarkably good, considering the unfavorable wind. The match was for $300." The Webster county democrats have instructed for John' F. Duncombe for delegate from the Tenth district to the national convention. Where were our Kossuth brethren in this matter? Saturday's Register reported that the senate bUL for i./ e e mail delivery will include Algona, Emmetsburg, and some 20 other Iowa towns. It may become a law. THE MONTH'S MAGAZINES. The May Century is remarkable for the beginning of a new volume and of three new serials, namely: The Life of Columbus, by the distinguished Spanish orator and statesman Emilio Castelar, who, in his first paper, considers the age in which Columbus lived; The Chosen Valley, a novel of western life in the Irrigation fields, by Mary Hallock Foote, illustrated by the author; and the architect Van Brunt's semiofficial and fully illustrated papers on Architecture at the World's Columbian exposition, from which the reader will obtain a fresh idea of the magnificence of the housing of the exhibition at Chicago. St. Nicholas for May has a table of contents presenting 39 distinct dishes, each of excellent flavor and well served, but none too highly seasoned for the healthful palate of youth. Of the longer stories. The Conspirators, by Emma S Chester, is an excellent piece of work; it tells how a little South American lad schemed to remain in the United States rather than go back to his uncle in Brazil. His plot, though successful, is none the less exceedingly funny reading. Mr. DuMond's illustrations are of unusual interest and merit. IS THIS NEIGHBOEHOOD. IkeSweigard, our old mayor of Garner. Wesleyite, is The proprietor of Hotel Orleans will change its barn-like color to a hue more pleasing to the eye. The Spirit Lake Beacon says that Judge Thomas will be a candidate for re-election next fall. Bob. Bloom of Garner has dropped politics and taken to fast horses. He has hired a trainer for his trotters. The Blairgowrie farm near Emmetsburg lost 30 head of two-year-old steers in the storm two weeks ago. They were in a herd of 800 cattle and were trampled to death. Corwith Crescent: W. H. Reed is about the happiest man in our town these days. He don't seem to care whether it rains or not. The occasion of all this is the advent of a daughter at his house. Elmore Post: Mrs. Rice of Algona and Mrs. Brown of Amboy are guests of Mrs. G. W. Pangburn for a few days Mrs. H. O. Buell of Burt was visiting with Mrs. E. M. Getts on Wednesday. Lew Sample, who organized a circus at Humboldt and is out on the road with it, is a nephew of D. W. Sample of Irvington. Ho began his life in show business with an eight-legged calf. He now has a full circus. Spencer Reporter: Algona will have a fine opera house . built this season. The plans, specifications and contract are in the hands of Mr. Conner, who had charge of the Nicodemus block built here last season, Spencer News: If Algona can have a new opera house, what's the matter with Spencer having one? In about everything that goes to make up a number one city Spencer ranks O. K. except a respectable opera house. Spencer Herald: Algona is to have a new opera house. The whole length of the building will be 124 feet and the auditorium will be 47x90 and 24 feet high. It will be fitted up in city style and be tho finest opera house in northwest Iowa. The Emmetsburg Democrat tries to put this off on us: "THE UPPER DES MOINES insinuates that Judge Carr would make a good pedestrian when traveling with a stiff wind at his back." That is too thin, Bro. Brannagan. Father your own jokes. Here is surely ground for a slander suit. The Esterville Vindicator says: "Herman Rantzow and Jennie Bowman, the parties who figured prominently in the attempted-murder trial that was brought here from Algona recently, wore married last week." The Sheldon Mail has tho following yarn on Algona: Among those "under conviction" at Algona as a result of the revival in that city, is a barber who has informed the church of his choice that if they will close the other shops of the place on Sunday he will join their church and close his shop. His accepted, and ac- harbers proposition has beeni tion taken,,.'But the other' have employed the usual tactics of retaliation and seek to close the butcher shops, restaurants, livery stables, and news stands. Postal Clerk White, who ran through Algona between Sanborn and McGregor and who was detected robbing the mails, has been sentenced to a two-year term in the penitentiary by Judge Shiras. White is a brother of the chief of of the railway mail service and was a respected church member. The second annual reunion of t' Fourth congressional district veterans' association, with the counties of Winnebago, Hancock, Wright, Franl lin, Butler and Kossuth, will occur on Tuesday, the 14th day of June, 1892, at Clear Lake, Iowa, and to continue for three days. Headquarters have been secured at the Pavilion on the camp round park. Concessions for fare will .JG secured on all railroads. A boarding rate of from $1 to $1.50 per day is pledged by all the hotels and boarding houses in the city. Blue Earth Post: Last Saturday we met Jack Simser, the leading herder oi this section, who last year ran a herd ol 3,000 head. In answer to our question as to the size of his herd the coming season, he said he was not going to herd; the rush for lands in northern Iowa had absorbed the large herding ranges; that Mr. Donavan, another leading herder, had also gone out o; business. He said the farmers of Mitt nesota must reduce the number of their cattle and arrange to pasture them themselves. BEIOZ PAYIM FOB STBEETS. What the Cities Are Uslng-The Cos and How It is Done—Something for Algona to Consider. Waterloo is planning to brick pave her streets. To show the cost of brick paving and other interesting facts the Waterloo Courier prints the following letter from Wm. Steyh, city engineer Burlington, who is credited with being the best posted man in Iowa in regard lo paving. He says: Your note of the 4th inst. is received. In reply I send you a copy of my specifications which give the method of laying the pave ment. The cost here in Burlington is abou $1.65 per square yard. Brick delivered on the ground costs §11 for upper and $9 for lower course per thousand. It requires about 70 bricks for the upper and 40 for the lower course per square yard. You should have a good engineer to lay out the work as paving streets is a costly undertakinf and should be done in a satisfactory way To give you information in this class ol business is rather difficult for one who is not acquainted with your locality. If I were to visit your place and take notes o: the various conditions I could give you more satisfactory information. Respect fully yours, WM. STEYH, C. E. The specifications which he inclosed provided that after 'the road bed had been excavated and thoroughly rolled a foundation of gravel, cinders, or mac adam to a depth of three inches should be put in over the entire road bed, nc stone whose greatest dimensions exceed two and one-half inches to be used The foundation is then to be thorough ly wetted and rolled, and on top of it a layer of clean river sand two inches deep is to be placed and rolled and then wet. On this surface is to be placed course of brick laid flat and lengthwise of the street. On this place dry sand sufficient to fill every joint of the brick and cover them to the depth of an inch On this the paving brick are to be laic edgewise and crosswise of the street They are to be laid close together and true to line. At street intersections the brick are to be laid at an angle o 45 degrees with the street and crossings are to be six feet wide with a rise o one andl one-half inches in the center The brick for the top course must no be less than seven and one-half inchei long, four inches wide, and two inche: thick. The top course is to be thor oughly rolled until settled and covered with sand carefully broomed in. THE TEMPERANCE CAUSE. Programme of the Humboldt District Meeting to Be Held May 19- nt Algoim, The temperance gathering soon to meet in Algona will follow the follow ing programme, beginning Thursday afternoon, May 19, at 2 o'clock to o'clock with a business session at which an introductory social will be held and assignment of places of entertainmen will be made: TIIUIISDAY EVENING. Devotional exercises. Music, Mrs. E. G. Bowyer. Paper, Temperance in Schools, Mrs. L M. Horton. Discussion, Supt, B. F. Reed. Recitation, Mrs. J. B, Rendellj Ledyard Music, Mrs. E. G. Bowyer. Address, B. F. Wright, Charles City. Music. FUIDAY FOKENOON. 9 a. m., devotional exercises, Revs, Dorward, Black, and Flanigan, Music, Mrs, W. A. Black. Paper, Temperance in the Church, Rev W. E. Davidson. Discussion, Rev. W. A. Black. Music. Paper, Temperance in W. C. T. U . bv Algona W. C, T. U. Recitation, Ruthven lodge. Music, Mrs. W. A. Black. Paper, I, O. G. T. Auxiliary to church, Rev. Flanigan. Open discussion. Reading, Mrs. Ayers, Emmetsburg. Music, Mrs. W. A. Black. FUIDAY AFTERNOON. Paper, The Alcohol Disease, Mrs. L. B Read. Music, Ruthven lodge. Paper, Temperance at the Columbian Exposition, Mrs. C. A. Ingham. Music, LuVerne lodge. Temperance by I. O. G. T., Mrs. Gertie Morse, district lecturer. Music, Mrs. W. A. Black. Recitation, Miss Belle Tellier. Importance of Juvenile Templary, Mrs. H. P. Hatch, Whittemore, Mrs. E. Lull Algona, Mrs. Remington, state superiutend- Musio, Bancroft lodge. Recitation, Emmetsburg lodge Temperance in the Press, Jos. W Hava " 1 — Legislation, J. A. Freeh; Discussion, Eugene Tellier. Music, Mrs. W. A. Black. FKIDAY EVENING. Scripture reading, Rev. Flanigau. Invocation, Rev. Davidson, • Music, Mrs. E. G. Bowyer. Gold medal contest Music, S. Resor, Ledyard. Music, Mrs. E. G. Bowyer. JUST received, at Galbraith's, a big, line of gents' flue dress shirts and necl ' / A HELIC OF EA&LY BAYS. the Old Algrona Town Hall and the Numerous Purposes It Served in Pioneer Days- Now It is About Obliterated in the Work of Improvement—Its History is Enverlaining Reading. During the past week the carpenters have about obliterated Algona's pioneer public hall, and thus while plans are being perfected for a iiiie new opera house, a time-honored land mark disappears. A few years ago the old school house was supplanted, this summer the first exclusively church building, the Baptist, will be swallowed up in the fine new edifice, and one by one all the original beginnings in the- wilderness are passing from sightf The first frame house in the county is still to be found in the south part of W. H. Ingham's home, the first hotel barn built by H. A. Henderson forms the south end of the Smith livery stable, the old court house, Cordingley'e first shoe shop, and Lewis H. Smith's office are over on the west side of the square, while Father Taylor's log cabin is. part of the old house north of Dr. Sheetz. But except to the early settler these building not known, and are not likely to main long. Kossuth is getting to be an old county, and a second generation of people and improvements are taking the place of the beginners, j****^ The old town hall was built in the winter of 1856, a capital stock of $200 being raised by of early settlers, each shape being $10. In 1875 Father Taylon wrote some reminiscences of his life in Algona and in them are re- said: "InSeptember, 1866, the town hall company was organized, .and steps taken to erect a building, which we called the town hall, and is now with improvements and additions the Congregational church. The object was to provide room for schools, religious meetings, dances, and everything else for which a public room was needed. I was not one of the originators of that movement but readily fell in with it.'acted as secretary of the company, took one share of stock and was one of the building committee with J. E. Hall and J. L. Paine. Mr. Hall had most to do, I think, in suggesting the plan, and in my view the proportions of the building could not be improved. The building was erected by J. E. Hall and J. L. Paine and they did their work well. The first meeting of the county held in the hall was May 16, 1857. It was not plastered, but so far completed that it was used for schools, meetings, etc., during the summer, but not in the winter. From that time till within about two years (1873) I have had a voice and a hand in everything that has been done to the building." The building stood originally on the Ford corner, nicely surrounded by ponds and reached by three or four paths which led from the hajiydozen buildings that made the townVlt was 34x24, and those who have seen the timbers as they have been taken off by the carpenters will.appreciate that it was made to stayt' The lumber was sawed from good oak trees at Judge Call's mill near Blackford's bridge, and the maple stringers, sound as iron today, were cut in Ambrose A.' Call's timber east of the Call bridge, and hewed out by the carpenters. Mr. Hall, who did part of the work, is no longer here, but Mr. Paine remembers well the trials of the winter. Their contract called for completion by May, 1857, but they were let out of plastering because the money supply failed, and so the bare lath faced the people for a year. The building was framed like an old New York barn, heavy timbers braced in all directions, and prepared to roll like a ball in a hurricane.XOf the building as it stood then Rev.' Burnard gave a picture in his history of the church, the details secured from those who were present an its organization: " Bring the ceiling down to 11 feet, with no arch, let the wainscotting and doors be bare, unoiled black walnut, the walls lathed with thin split boards but not plastered, the seats of slab, and you have a picture of the inside,"..-'i' As Father Taylor reports, the^hall was used for everything, and the use of the hall for dancing is what makes most interesting its subsequent history. Father Taylor was opposed to dancing and many are the stories of how the boys got the key to open it after he had charge of it. This he finally decided to stop by buying up the shares of stock until he had a controlling interest. In the end he held two-thirds and when the Congregational society took the building he gave his interest without any return, It was in September, the 20th, 1868, that the building was dedicated as a church. The public school building had been built in 1867, and this had opened a public hall, and the remaining stock in the town hall went to the society. The tower and an entrv had been built on the front, the old seats had been replaced by black walnut with iron standards—some of them now to be seen on the lawns. in town— and the new bell, the first in the county, had been bought. This bell was a fine Meneeley bell weighing 550 pounds and^cost some $400 in all, W. H. Ing original subscription list the date Aug- old building that Is of interest. Flavia Fleming taught the first school in it the summer of 1857, Orange Mfnkler school director. Here the people nocked ftnd built the stoekade during the Indian scare following the Spirit Lake massacre. Here the war meetings were held when Kossuth sent her young men to die in southern hospitals and when she made the contributions to the sanitary cause which won her the fine flag now preserved in the auditor's office. Here that flag wasflrstun- furled as the citizens gathered to join the universal mourning over Lincoln's assassination. Here they met to organize the military companies which for a year and a half guarded the northwestern frontier from threatened Indian raids in 1862. Here all religious services were held, here literary societies debated, here the people gathered to attend the remains of all who died in earlier years to their last resting place in the cemetery, then so far removed from town. And here the merry making, the county fairs, the Fourth of July celebrations, the dances, all the gatherings, serious or gay, of mourning and of rejoicing, were held. <& Almost any of these great events of early history might profitably occupy a column, but one in particular has been fully described by Ambrose A. Call in his sketches of pioneer times, that of the Indian scare and the build- ins 1 of the stockade, and • we conclude this brief outline of the county's most historic building with his report. The Spirit Lake massacre occured in the spring of 1857. Mr, Call says: "The people of this settlement got the first news of the massacre from the Fort Dodge mail carrier some two weeks after its occurrence; immediately following came reports of a general Indian war, the near proximity of large bands of Indians, other massacres and fights on different parts of the frontier. The snow was mostly gone, the streams and sloughs all bank full of water, with no bridges or boats, which made travel almost impossible, and added to the fear and panic of the settlers. Placards were posted up in the older parts of the state calling for volunteers and stating that Algona and Fort Dodge had been laid in ashes, and a company was actually raised at Des Moines and another in Boone county to march to the relief of Webster City. The settlers north and west of us had all fled, and some for 100 miles south and east. The air was filled with rumors, every stranger was viewed with suspicion, and if seen on the prai-. rie was run down and captured as an. Indian spy. Cranes were -magnified into Indians, prairie fireswere mistaken for Indian camp fires, and the very howling of the April winds sent a .chill of horror to the hearts of mothers as they clung closer to their babes and strained every nerve' to catch the stealthy tread of a savage. Under these circumstances it is not strange that ai large number of the settlers, who had families, fled, and some never returned. Those who remained got together and decided to fortify and- fight it out: A stockade was decided upon to be built under the direction of Judge Call and H. A. Henderson, both of whom had seen service in the Indian country. Couriers volunteered to go below'for a supply of ammunition; these were Abe Hill, H. F. Watson, and W. Skinner. Experienced frontiersmen on fleet horses were sent out beyond the settlements, as scouts, to warn the settlers of the approach of Indians. Some of our best scouts and frontiersmen, including W. H. Ingharn and A. L. Seely, were absent when the news first reached our settlement. "The settlers living in the southern end of the county also built a stockade at Irvington. This was built of two- inch oak plank, doubled, the end set in a trench. This stockade was about 50 feet square, with port holes and bastions. The supposition was that the building of these stockades would give to the settlers a feeling of security, and keep many in the country, who otherwise would leave, and in case of a threatened attack upon the settlement- could be readily occupied, and easily defended by the settlers. The Algona stockade was six rods square, built of two-inch plank doubled, and small logs split in halves, the flat sides lapped together and set in a trench two feet deep, which left the wall eight feet high above the ground. Port holes were made every four feet, and bastions on the northwest and southeast corners, a secure double gate in the north end, and a well near the center. The Algona stockade was built around the site of the town hall (Congregational church,) ' Its building occupied nearly the whole population about two weeks. The mill was kept running night and day sawing plank, and a large force was also employed in the woods splitting timber. The settlers were kept in a constant state of alarm by rumors of the near approach of Indians, which proved a sufficient incentive to keep them at work. A report wasstarted in Humboldt county that a large band of Indians was seen at the upper timber on Lotts Creek, The couriers who went to Fort Dodge for ammunition, as they returned, met nearly the whole population of Humboldt 'running from Indians.' The writer, at this time, was 'baching 1 south of the river, in the timber, with three companions. The boys worked on tho stockade in the day time, and boiled sugar nights. The river waa bank full, and the only means of crossing was a 'dugout' which freauentlv am has the , , , I? Rev. Burnard's history of £!L° h ^J: he ff» ttin eof this belf is of the as part used in Father <ypes. This bell was traded myment for the new bell now the Congregational church, lay lor continued as pastor of the , >n ----- •"«. *AM [./ciowi ui Lnfi till 1873 Rev. tfunderwood till 875, and Rev. Burnard succeeded him During the last pastorate the build ™ vas moved to t«e lot west of the they moved itto its present lo- It is imposs ccouut of 1 of course to give an has happene! in the dug out' which frequently resented the familiarity of strangers by rolling over and dropping them into the water. About 10 o'clock one night we heard fearful hallooing at the river, and on going down were interviewed by 'Big Bui-right' from the other side, who had verbal dispatches from headquarters. He said he had been sent down to toll us that there was a large number of Indians on Lotts CreeK. That it was believed up town they would attack the settlement before morning. That the news had come in since dark, and the people had. all gathered at Judge Call's and Mr. Henderson's. This news was of too much importance to go unheeded; we, unfortunately, happening to he on the same side of the river the Indians were supposed to be on, the writer and Sam Nixon at once started to notify the settlers and gather them in at Mr. Brown's. They needed but little urging, and by midnight were all housed and ready to defend their castle. "Early the next morning Mr. Maxwell and the writer rode down to Lotts Creek to see if there existed an, grounds for the rumors which hi alarmed us. Of course wo found no Indians and no signs of any having been in tho country. The settlers had all limea on EJglitb P«S?eJ

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