The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on March 11, 1891 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Wednesday, March 11, 1891
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DES MOINESJ ALGDMA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MAHOtt 11, 189L The Upper Des Moines. BY IfrGHAM & WARREN. •Perm* of Tlie tlppw l)efc Moliteft: •Onecdpy, one year ........................ *t-BO One copy, ftUt months ....... .... ............. <>' Otte copy, Hhrce month* ................... 40 Sent to ivny Address itt above rates. Remit toy draft, motnw order, express <wdcr, or postal note at, our risk. Kates of advertising sent on appllcatton. ^ K Sti/VKIl ml/l.. In answering - - a correspondent the Webster City -Graphic falls into -a common error about tho free silver bill which passed'tho senate. It says. Under tho bill, tho government does not T>ay-$1.24 or any other amount for bullion. fit does not buy bullion at nil. It simply provides for the coinage of silver, under the'constltutlon which provides that tho U. S. congress shall coin money and regulate the value thereof, nnd having regulated tho value of the silver dollar, It opens the mints for flllvor-as freely us it boo heretofore done to gold. If tho 'Graphic were right and tho bill bad-only opened our mints to all silyoi'ifor coinage its most dangerous feature "would hnvo disappeared. But tho senate bill did provide 'for tho unlimited purchase of bullion by the treasury at $1.29 for an ounce that Is now worth but $1.05, and that too in treasury notes calling for gold. The dispute on this point was a inoro quibble over words. Mr. Leech, dircctor-of theunint and ono of tho host posted mon in'flho United States, explained this lu%. And herein lay tho danger to business in tho free coinage bill. Mr. Leech showed conclusively that largo quantities of silver would seek this country if tho government offered such a market, that our stock of gold would to exhausted in paying for it, thatforo- •floeing this, homo banks and citi/ens would get and hold gold, and that tho government, soon unable to pay .gold, would bo forced to buy it at a premium. Instead of increasing circulation tho bill 'Seemed much moro certain toi&rivo gold, out, thereby materially decreasing the: money supply of tho country. ,'MivLooch stated that tho present •capacity of our mints is $3,600,000 a month, and working night and day, $5,000,000 a month. This is $60,000,000 appear. Why. should tho government pay $1:2!) for $1.05,worth of silver, taking all tho chances of being i flooded, Tvliohtho money supply would not thereby lio increased? What • interest has away western state in such legislation if it has no silver bullion to .sell ? .Ifvtho treasury department should take silver and coin it for tho owners, returning. tho coin or certificates, there would bei little chance of our gold being ex- liaustod. But tho senate bill did not provide for this. jit provided thsA the treasury should buy everybody's silver bullion at onco and pay 24 cents more in gold an ounce for it than it is now .soll- • lug for. Tho west is for silver money and'the double standard. But tho west .hasf.no interest in a scheme to give «il- ver<ownorsa quarter more than their bullion is worth just because Colorado and/Novaua favor it. be proposer], or oven annexation, tn tho meantime tho fact that even a small majority could 'loo secured against reciprocity must suggest that nny ex- lusion of Canadian #oods by tho now tariff law was wise and timely. Canada tins been very willing to reach our eastern cities with farni and garden produce, but when it comes to giving us any advantages in the Canadian market, they promptly vdto It down. If Canada don't want reciprocity, a prohibitory tariff on hor eggs, bnrley, horses, etc., would be m appropriate piece of legislation. S. M. 'Clark very fitly remarks: Now Chat Jowa'ds to get its share of tho repaid dlroct'tmc, and since Harriot Kotchatn is dcnfl and'an Iowa sculptor can no longer do the work or bo helped by It, wo hope tho Iowa'commission and tho legislature will reconsider tho plan adopted, and instead of a sculptured design glvo Iowa a useful pubic-building of some sort as tho fittest soldiers' monument. WORK OF CONCJllKSS. Tho ^second session of the Fif ty-ftet •congress closed last Tuesday, Follosv- Ing.uro the important measures enacted into/laws: Tlio congressional districts wore ua- apportionod under tho now census. i . . The supremo court was relieved byj the increase in tho number of circuit 1 3udgos.:and tho establishment of circuit couateof appeal, which shall have jurisdiction in certain classes of appeals that have ^heretofore- been made to tho supreme i court. Ttaoidiroct tax paid by various states duriu.githo war was refunded. An .act wa,S|iwsBed to control and par- •tially iicstrict foreign immigration. SoniOiChanges were made in tho interstate commerce act and also in tho tariff, to .correct errors. The timber culture act in connection with public lands was repealed, and other changes rando/in hind laws. "N An international copyright law, to go into effa&t after July 1,181)1, was passed, The secretary of agriculture was empowered to inspect meat intended for export, and to certify its condition. Other important bills passed, marking this short session us a strictly business session. Whatever may bo said of the Fifty-imit congress .it will bo admitted by nil that ,it has done moro work and actually unacted moro legislation than any \m-oclocossor in many years, ___^_______ UONOUINU HI,Ad X K. Last Saturday a, handsome testimonial was presented to Jus. G. Sihiino by •two hundred leading business mon of Stew-York, both republicans iind domo- oi'rts. Tho testimonial was signed by .roon representing $(10yOOfl,000 of .eapitul, .and-was enclosed in a handsome morocco •ease. It refers to Blaine's reciprocity policy nnd to tho urnuyreinont with x ^, 'Brawl, iind ex presses the hope of ihe signers,that tho "wise and fur-soekig policy .tu«s inaugurated niuy oxtond io Other .South American nations, thuu materially increusing the commercial prosperity of tho United States." TUB CANADIAN M1VKCT1ON. The hottest political contest ov.er known in Canada ended in a victory for •'the conservatives by much reduced majorities. It means for tho present that free reciprocal trade will not bo pro- jiosed to the United States. But the surprising strength of tho liberals indicates that very soon reciprocal trade When* Gov. Boies was interviewed on JLO silver question ho said ho stood with bis party. When Qov. Hill was interviewed on tho same question tho Now York Tribune says; "Without stopping to clear his throat ho declared, In tones which bespoke 11 man possessing tho courage of n. profund conviction, that on tho whole tho weather of this winter had boon rather agrocablo than otherwise." Tho report that Judge Shlraa will not \30 promoted to ono of tho now clrcuit.judgo- ships, but that.Tudgo Kood of Council Bluffs will, will change some plans laid In northern Iowa. Judgfi Shiras deserves tho promotion much moro than Judge Rood, and f tho rumor is confirmed it will occasion rogrot. Senator P. G. Ballingall of Ottumwa died at sea March 7, and was buried at Hong Kong. The cable was received yesterday. His term us senator warn.but half out. This congress made total appropriations amounting to $1,000,270,471. 'Who preceding congress reached only $817^008,859. Tho Nebraska court has, decided that Qov. Boyd must;prove his citizenship or lose his ofllco. Tho Capital says Des Moines'will have 100,000 people in MOO. IN THIS NEIGHBORHOOD. Carroll has contributed $2,100 for a kite-shaped racing track, Carroll is getting to.tho front on everything. Humboldt is organizing a bottling works. Tho company is incorporated and will soil mineral water ffrom '.the Humboldt springs. Humboldt Independent: Nctt Robertson is at Bancroft visi13«g Mrs. B. F. Grose, and we note that :£ho intends to remain there till spring. Tho Clear Lako white caps who pulled a young married man out of bed and ordered him out of town, ':havo all boon convicted and heavily lined. Th-3 Webster City Graphic made an excusable mistake when it said Judge Cook was in Chicago, the judge being in Algona. These city "JuuueH do got mixed once in n while. Goo. B. McCarty's now itesidcsnco at Emmetsburg is C5x37, two and a half stories high, basement under the entire building, and is to be fitted up with hot and cold water, luid bath rooms, and all modern conveniences. Tho story goes in Palo Alto .county or near there tlmt two corn .raisers wanted tho same girl. Ono cotftd raise corn for $1 an acre and the other could not do it for less than $8 o^ acre. The girl and hor mother both joso »tho $1 corn raiser, Tho !j>S roei don't ;go in Jowa. Esthorvillo Democrat: According to a Kossuth correspondent the editors of tho three Algona papers drai*k two gallons of whisky in •ono hour and 40 minutes. This beats t'he record nnado made by tho Cedar li&vnids man who drank a gallon of boor in 5!J minutes. Our faith in tho ollicaey .of tho prohibition jaw is all gone. The LeMurs Sentinel -guys: A ibril- linnt young Methodist minister, Philip C. Manna of Eagle Grove, has rocoastly been appointed United 'States consul to LaG'iinra, Ven/uela. He is a young man of good, common, everyday sacso as well as ability and his oflicial career will bo creditable to this-country. He is a brother of Goo. W. Huxuio, a leading citixen-iot LuVerne, Kossuth county. Tho Eagle Grove Gazette says &f Phil, C. iHanna's consulship: The climate is warm and equable, and Mr. Hanna thinks it will do him good, and wo all hope it will. Wo are sorry lose hhnfirom our community, as lio i« well-liked among UH; but as his health is at stake wo must learn to spare him, and wish him good fortune in his South American home. It its not yet knojvn when ho will start. Livormoro has a farmer who has made money fatting steers. Lust fall ho bought 21 two-year-old steers; and until selling them last week, lie has boon feeding ;85 owit corn which ho also -bought, they have averaged to consume ,'J1 bushels enefc, or (iol bushels in all, and made an average gain of 255 pounds,. Ho paid $2.£5 and sold at $3.25 per WO {pounds and us'ter llguring out the cost.of tho,corn and hay consumed it left a .'net income of iJ5.2o per head, or.$110;2«3 iw uU. Webster-City received the Illinois people who lately cauio Jjy tho train load, in excellent style. The Freeman says: Au immense crowd iof people began congregating at tho Northwestern depot about noon its the party was expected to arrive at 1 o'clock. Each train which hove in sight wus very warmly greeted by the enthusiastic crowd, to tho astonishment of the train men, who wore at a loss to understand the moaning of this unusual demonstration. About 5 o'clock the long-looked- for train rolled into the depot. It consisted of nine freight cars and two passenger coaches. The sides of the cv.rs were draped with huge strips of comas bearing Buch inscriptions as "Ho ior Hamilton county, Iowa, the Lund/of Plenty;" "Bound for Webster City," etc., etc. Amid the vociferous cheering of the crowd the flew,arrivals left the train and were immediately escorted by the reception 'committee to the big rink, where they were regaled with a sumptions dinner- Hon. L. A. McMurray acted as master of ceremonies, and while the comjrany were being refreshed with hot tjoffeo, they listened to appropriate addresses of welcome by Hons. W. C. Wilson and J. L. Kamrar. The " Imperial Orchestra" were present, and soothed the tired and restless mew comers with -one of their choice selections. As sodn as dinner was over' tho men proceeded to the railroad yards ito make tho necessary disposition of itheir stock. BOLLIVEB'S VIEWS. Ho IMscusBcs Iowa's Congressional i)cloBntloii—Some Oood >Ien Who Mrop out. In anlnterviow'nt tho close of congress J. P. Dolliver said: "The last hours of tho Fifty-first congress are full of business and not without a shade of sadness. The most agreeable thing about my experience hero is tho opportunity to get acquainted with our Iowa men. That has been tho modt attractive thing in congress for mo. No delegation in the house has such complete harmony and such^perfect peace within itself as ours. Not a word or suspicion has separated the delegation. Every man has been anxious to servo ovevy other, and both of our senators have been ready to help even tho humblest members of the delegation. This, you see, makes a pleasant atmosphere to live in. "Wo are feeling blue over tho retirement of Gear, Reed, Sweeney, Lacoy, Strublo and Korr. They are all strong men—Gov. Gear stands among the most iuiluontitil loaders of tho Fifty-first congress. His experience, his amiable manner, and his tireless work for Iowa are for a time lost to tho community. But Gov. Gear will always be in demand. "Do you know that Judge Reed is regarded as tho greatest lawyer on the republican side, and .with Culbertson of Texas tho most profound lawyer in the house. It seems like a jest to vote such a man out of public affairs. " Personally, I regret more than anything else the defeat of Col. Sweney. He has a natural genius for legislative work. Ho is the only man in the house who is thoroughly equipped with knowledge on tho transportation question. He stands with tho people on these questions, and everybody admits that the house has lost a useful man. He has not spoken often and never at length. Ho has held tho attention of tho whole house every time he has spoken. This is for tho plain, simple reason that he always knows what he is talking about. He is popular on both sides, and the leaders of tho house look upon Sweney as a strong tower in debate, and a wise adviser in council. I should not like to see a day come in Iowa politics when tho record of Col..-Sweney is not a mat- tor of pride to our people. " The other retiring members of the delegation, Lacey, Kerr and Struble, are strong men, each in his field—Lacey won his spurs in open debate on the lloor of tho house in the election cases. It is a reputation that will live. Ken has won distinction as a political debater. He has a desk full of scrap books and newspaper clippings, and woe to tho man who misquotes a lino of history or tho records of .party management from the revolution down. He is always on hand and a day. seldom passes thai ho does not got in «ome ollective work. "Strublo is known in the house as the best informed man on tho territories. Ho has won permanent reputation foi bringing into the union the new northwestern states. Ho is always listenec to in debate for the reason that hestickb to tho question and- every word he says can bo heard all over the house. Ho will bo missed, and especially by tho surviving members«of tho Iowa delegation. "And so you see Kiho Iowa group separates today in a rather gloomy fnune of mind. But for oiao I believe we wil" all come out right im tho end." DEATH OP EDWIN SPARES. WITH JtJDGJE AM) JUE1ES, Aii Old ICossutli County Settler I)les »t Vancouver, Washington. A Vancouver, 'Wash,, paper contains tho following obituary of an old resident of Irvington: Edwin Sparks departed this life at his residence at Tenth am F streets on Feb. 19, 1891, after a brio, illness of a little moro than two weeks, with im affection of tho spino. Ho was born at Winchester, Ohio, October 20, 1829, where ho lived with his parents until ho was 17 years of ago, when he removed to Dubuquo, Iowa, He afterwards wont to Maysville, Kentucky, where he learned tho brick mason trade, and then returned to Dubuquo, where ho was married 'on March 31, 1851, to PriscillaSpurgoon by Major Mobloy of tho Christian church, to which he was united in 1860, being converted by Chas. Rowo and John Sweeney. Ho enlistee in company C of the 21st Iowa infantry volunteers in 1802, in which ho sorvoc .until ho Uwt his hand. Ho w«s, up tc itho time of his death, a member ol Ellsworth Post No. 2, G. A. B. He moved with his family to Kossuth county, Iowa, in 1866, and from there to this county in 18,72, where ho resided until his death. He led an upright life and has character was beyond reproach. Ho has been tho kindest of loving husbands and has watched over his family with tho tondorosl care, striving over to guide their footsteps in tho path which he knew to bo honorable and right. He leaves a family of nine grown children and. 41 bereaved wife to mourn his death. About Our " Y" Case. Tbo Emmotsbury Reporter says; Algona is hopeful that a recent decision in the railway case by tho supreme court will assure them a "Y" connection between tho Milwaukee and Northwestern roads. It has often occurred to us that the railroad companies should bo compelled to do as much for the convenience of passengers as they are compelled .to do for shippers of freight, and should be made to put union platforms and waiting rooms in all towns where there are cross roads. This might bo rough on the 'bus and transfer men, but would bo a great convenience to the traveling public. 'P bargains i» boots and shoos. Next to postoHico, W. P. Carter, Session of the District Court, Began Last Week, which Promises to Be a Long One. A Record of Some important Cases—A Quiet Divorce which Recalls a Story of Crime. Court bega* what promises to be a ong term a week ago Monday. Some of the cases tried are reported at length elsewhere. Other than those the business done has been as .given below. The rand jury was out a short time and separated without finding any indictments. This will leave a clear criminal docket for next term. The hay case on which the jury failed to agree at tho last term of court, in which Chas. Bronson and Chas. Roupe were parties, was tried this term before Judge Carr, both sides agreeing to dispense with a jury. After hearing the evidence, the judge held with Roupe and did not allow Bronson's claim. Bronson will appeal. Dingfley & Moffatt traded with a man namedMattern forai stallion last yeat on a statement that She was sound " so far as known." Ho proved to bo acrib- ber. They sued on a warranty, but the judge held that the statement was not a war rant but only a representation. They will try tho case next term on a charge of false representations. M. J. Wade of Iowa City represented Mattern and visited in town a couple ol days with friends while trying tho case. The dispute between Rail Johnson and his f jttnor-in-law, Kors Elman, arose over an alleged attempt of Elman anc his daughters and John Bergman to alienate Johnson's wife's affections. The parties all reside in Ramsay, where great interest has been taken in the case. It seems that Johnson's wife went to her'father's to stay while weak from tho birth of her child. Johnson wanted her to come home before her folks thought-best. Then they wanted hei back after she did go. 'Trouble arose which Johnson says preyed on his mine till ho was sick. The Elmans say his sickness resulted from whiskey. Geo E. Clarke and W. B. Quarton contested the case from Friday till Tuesday, wher it went to the jury, where a decision was reached for the defendants. Yesterday afternoon the Corwith in dependent district case was taken up W. E. Bradford for Corwith claimed that some flve>years ago Corwith was legally organized as an independent school district including several sec tions of Kossuth. These .sections hac failed to pay taxes for the Corwith schools and he asked an order to Lu Verne and Prairie townships for an ac counting. Geo. E. Clarke 'for the town ships answered that Corwith was no' legally organized, as it had only 160 people, instead of 200, as required by law, and also that no legal notice o election had been posted in the terri tory sought to be annexed in Kossuth A QUIET DIVORCE. Mrs. Aldon Ilawlcos Released—Alden Hawltes' Career Recalled, A very quiet divorce by default at thi term of court recalls again the variec and picturesque criminal record of Al den Hawkes, and also the fact that Mrs Hawkes has been quietly living in Al gona for some months unknown to the public generally. Those who attendee tho Hawkes trial will recall the fidelit; shown by his young and attractive wifi at that time. 'iUpon his sentence sin followed him- to Ft. Madiso'n and ob tained employment there, deciding t remain near him. After several months hSwever, she went to Des Moines to trj and secure a pardon, and while then the truth finally dawned upon her tha tho charges against Hawkes were trui and that she had been deceived. Whili there hor uncle, G. E. Dillingham, me her unexpectedly in tho postoffice anc urged her to visit her parents, who hac not hoard from her after her marriage She consented, saw them in Nebraska where they had moved, and, after con sultation with her uncle, decided to go a divorce. Both came to Algona las fall and began tho necessary proceed ings. Mrs. Hawkes went to tho horn' of Sheriff Stephens, where she remained some weeks, and then to A. W. Mof fatt's, where she now is, The story of .'Mrs, Hawkes' marriag< was told at the Hawkes trial. Aftei escaping from-the jail here, Hawke got work with her parents in southern Minnesota and made her acquaintance She was very young, being now undo twenty, and was influenced by him Her parents ordered him away, anc made arrangements to send her to school. On her way, however, Hawkes met her, and instead of going to school she went with him to Wisconsin, and si out of tho country. When he was ar rested, she promptly came to Algona t< his assistance. Pier experience hai been a rather dis_agreoable one, but sin is fortunate now in being freed from hei marriage, and also in knowing the roa character of hor late husband. Her di vorco was granted without contest 01 evidence of the conviction of Hawkes S. S. Sessions appearing for her. THE "V» CASE IX COURT. Judge Cain- Hears Arguments niu AV111 Give an Opinion in Vacation Tho much talked of Algona " Y" case is at last on tho road to final settlement The first hearing by the courts was be fore Judge Carr last Thursday, and hi opinion will be filed sometime durin vacation, before the May term of court An appeal will then undoubtedly be taken to the supreme court, and its de cision will finally determine the authority of tho rail way commissioners. A, C. Parker of Spencer acted for Attornej General Stone in preseating the case for tho commissioners, while Geo. E, Clarke for the Milwaukee and J. C, Cook for tho Northwestern argued foi the railways. The case turns upon an apparent conflict in two statutes. In 1874 the legislature enacted that "any railway corporation operating a railway in this state, intersecting or crossing nny othei Une of'railway o! the same gauge, op- erated by any other company, shall, by means of a'Y,' or other suitable or jroper means, be made to connect, etc. The board of railway commissioners was created later, and in 1884 an act was passed definingtheir powers, and among other things it was provided that railways " shall also, whenever ordered by ;he railroad commission, so unite and construct," etc. Tho attorneys for the roads argued that this later statute superceded the former one, and left the construction of "Y" connections to the discretion of the commissioners. In this wise tho board expressly declared that they made the order for a "Y T) not because of any commercial necessity, but simply because they hold tho law of 1874 to be in force and mandatory, and the attorneys on this argued that the court should not sustain the order. Mr. Parker for the commissioners made a very close and ingenious argument, comparing the two statutes very carefully and showing that they differed in so many respects that one could not be held to have superceded the other unless they were clearly repugnant. This he argued was not the case, and both therefore are still laws in full force. The case as made up is simply to test tho validity of the statute of 1874. It has little to do with the real need of a " Y" at Algona, as tho_ commissioners expressly refused to include that in their ruling. Whatever conclusion is reached in the case the people can still ask for a decision of tho matter on its merits, as there is plenty of evidence that a " Y" should be put in simply to accommodate business. THE SOHOOL BOOK QUESTION, Some Questions nnd Answers < County Unlforinitv-IIow It AVill Work. As tho question of county uniformity is soon to be raised in Kossuth, the following concise statement from the coun ty superintendent of Hamilton county will be of interest. The question is soon to bo voted on there, also in Emmei county. Superintendent Anderson puts his statement in a series of questions and answers as follows: Q. How much more do we pay foi school text books now than we woulc under county uniformity? A. Forty to sixty per cent. Q. How would we secure our books under this planV A. The same as you do now—that is of the dealers at your trading point The companies must arrange to have them constantly on sale. Q. Is tho president or any membei of the school board required to give bonds to handle the books under uni formity? A. No. Q. Can we turn our old books in towarc buying the new? A. The publishers agree to exchangi a new book for an old one, and it counts half on the price of the new ono. Q. Will all the books" in the county be changed? A. No. In the selection of books the board of education is required to tak< into consideration books already in use Under this, those most generally in us* and not too old in publication should be returned. Q. Must we change to the new lis immediately? A. No. The books could not be adopt ed till May or June. It will depend up on the rule adopted by the board. The; can require that the old books be usec until it is uecessary for pupils to buj new ones, and then buy the books of th< uniform series. This would be a grad ual plan, and the people would be at n< expense in securing a county uniform series. Q. Are you in favor of county uniform ity, and why? A. I am. (1)1 have five children ir school and it would save me S5 each pe year. (2) The teachers can do double the work with one kind of books. (3 The teachers would be better preparec to do the work. (4) If I change district I do not have to buy new books. (5 With a uniform series of text books ou teachers could be instructed from thi same books at normal institutes whic] they are called on to use in their dutie us teachers, thus making the normal in stitutes more practical and our countrj schools much more satisfactory and use f ul. (6) _The farmers and people wishec to be relieved from paying an exhorbi tant price for school books; they hav worked for this law; and now we hav< 'it, why not take advantage of it? AN "ABTIST" IN THE TOILS. Arrest of Olio " G. E. Stjolm," as II Called Himself—A Specimen of Hi literary Efforts. Ono day last week a tall, swarthy but seedy-looking young fellow came t THE UPPER DES MOINES office to ge some bills printed for a stereoptieo performance. He was satisfied with tho price, etc., and wanted them imme diately, leaving the following interest ing specimen as copy. We give it ver batim ot literatim: . / OM TALK AT WEST BMDl ^?. The Question Thoroughly Discussed at *" That Place Last Week by the Fafiriers' Alliance. We are Coming With a Poto. Entertainment autl IlluBternted Lector, lluttle or Buucerhill lnvttlo of lecteuton Buttel of Bulls run llattleo of Loocout mountain Battle of tvtettiu Battle of fort doualson and 40 other Battles alsso. nO cornicle sceus Wo are allao acompiued l>y a supe human Ure eater to be held at dmisioin children G. 13. Stjolm pro come one come all Ho did not come for his bills at once and wo learned afterwards that ho wa working for Chas. Walker. Yesterday however, he hired out to J. H. Mather and was in the buggy to go down hom with him when A. F, Dailey stepped u] and secured him on a warrant from Faribault county, Minnesota, whicl charged him with grand larceny. The sheriff will be here today to take him and his stereopticon, which was stolen back north. Instead of his name being "G. E. Stjohn," as he spelled it, his name was Loonier, and he was caugh hero by inquiring for mail in that name. Sheriff Stephens was out of town, and Marshal Dailey made the arrest. We regret that the views of "Buncerhill, etc., will not be seen by our people, anc wo regret also that we have a good lob lot of steroopticon bills on hand which promise to be useless to us. We regrel also $1.50 which was lying on our table when Loomer came in, but which was diapered to have flown shortly uf tei hcf'eft. . C. Baker on the Benefits of Ofganiza* tlon—A B-etailed Report of a Fruitful Session. To the Editor: The West Bend alli- mce, not being yet through with either 3ov. Boies or the corn question, gave ts attention to the question " Does corn ! raising pay in our own county?" The speaker appointed to open the discussion, A. B. Carter, gave an item-. zed statement of the cost per acre which his own experience had shown to be approximately correct, which reached the total of $9.25. President Philip Dorweiler gave his views at some length, his estimate of expense per acre also being $9.25. Henry Bell, who is recognized, as one of the best farmers in this locality, contributed from his valuable experience. His estimate reached $10.50 per acre. But he manures all his corn ground, plows and cultivates deep, cultivating- five or six times, and gets from ten to twenty bushels more corn per. acre than his neighbors who do less thorough work. J. C, Fehlhauer, J. Thatcher, David Acheson, E. Marrtz, G. S. Wright and others participated In the discussion. The best methods of cultivation were also discussed, the general impression being that corn is greatly injured by too deep cultivation when it is large. The merits of some of the new cultivators which work the surface without cutting off the roots were mentioned, and the hope expressed that some tool might be invented which would do this more .effectively than anything we have at present. The time being exhausted, the other subject, "How to market our corn to the best advantage," was laid on the table till the next meeting, which will be ' Saturday afternoon, March 21, at 2 : o'clock, in the corner building north of ; • Garthwaite's hotel. J. C. Baker, in his recent visit to the alliance, gave some forcible facts to- prove that farmers may be and are a power in the land, if only organized. We mention a couple: At the last state alliance two committees were appointed, one to investigate tbe state agricultural college, and the other to go to Washington and work for the passage of the Conger lard bill. The first named committee, going as the representative of the state alliance, were received with all deference, and after making a thorough investigation of the college, recommended certain changes in the course of study and in the faculty, and everv change asked for was immediately made. The other committee on going to Washington found the Conger bill in the hands of a committee; where it had been for a long time. The chairman was sought out and asked why the bill wus not reported. He said he could not get recognized by the chair. He wa& asked if he would report it if recognized, and he said he would. An audi- . ence was had with the speaker, and he was asked if he would recognize the chairman of said committee and agreeing to do so, was pressed to name a time, which he did. The chairman of the committee was again seen and instructed, or requested, to seek recognition the following day at a stated time which was done, the bill reported favorably, and thus placed in the current of legislation again. Had it not been for- this organized effort, it- is doubtful if this bill would ever have emerged from the committee where it was entombed.. C. G. W. FAKMEES MEET NEXT WEEK., Tho Institute Begins on Wednesday —The Programme. The annual meeting of the farmers' institute begins next Wednesday at the court house, and besides the excellent programme prepared there is every assurance of a large and enthusiastic gathering. The meeting of county fair directors is to be held Tuesday afternoon preceding. On account of the Aiden Benedict entertainment at the court house Wednesday evening, the evening programme of the institute will be given Thursday evening. Every farmer in the county should plan to attend these sessions and take a hand in the discussions. Just as valuable information will bo imparted as at any institute held in Iowa. The programme in full is as follows: WEDNESDAY, MARCH 18, 1891, 1 P, M. Address of Welcome—by L. A. Slieetz,, Mayor. Response—Ernest Bacon, Burt. Address—D. D. Dodgo, Prest. K. C. A. S. 1. The Steer and How to Feed Him—R. J. Hunt, (.',. L. Lund, W. H. Connor. a. The Agricultural Implement—J. R. Jones. !i. Crass Culture—C. B. Hutchins, S. H. Pettiuone. 4. Small Fruits on the Farm—W. C. Hart. 5. Poultry—JLd Donovan. (i. Bee Culture—Wm. Cloary. THUUSDAY MOUSING, 10 A. M. 7. Small Fruits—S, E, Chambers. 8. Hog Raising—Mr. MoAdams, J. B. Jones. 9. Sheep Raising—B. A. Wallace, Ed Donovan. 10. The.Du^Vei"ovso_R. i, Brayton. TIIIJ' ' xj\t >i'EUNOON, 1 ;80 O'CLOCK. ll-'# ^.*ieral Purpose Horse—B. F. Smith. 13. Can tho Iowa Farmer breed Roadsters Profitably?—J. W, Wadsworth. 18. Dairying—J. R. Dutton, E. Bacon. 14. Corn Raising—C. C. Chubb, S. Reed. 15. Cheese Making—G. S. Wright. 16. Tho County Fair—Harvey Ingham. THURSDAY EVENING. 17. Horticulture—Miss Alice Mann, M. DeL. Parsons. in ^^ ad poilci lFarming-J. W. Hinchon. TD, , Advantagea of Organization—J. E. Blaokford. . 20. Agricultural Instruction—Bertha Carey. 81. Home Influences—Mrs. C. A. Ingham. Fort Dodge i»ork Packing. Saturday ended the winter packing season, and on that day the Fort Dodge packing house had been running seven i, L^ e ? k8 ' durin ff which time it killed 11,450 hogs, the gross weight of the whole being 2,683,560 pounds, and the amount of money paid by the company for the total being 188,124.19. Tho average weight per hog was 235 pounds and the itverage price paid .wm. $3.28' per hundred. - VT^ I, .-.-...•• •-.. V

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