THE OT1PM DBS MOINES, ALGQNA, IOWA* WEDNESDAY, MA&CH 11,1891. LGONA, IOWA. OJ?E sheet of paper recently nindo was eight feet wide and seven nnd three-quarters miles Ion}?. GtiAt nrabic, whicli WHS once universally used, has become very scarce find dear, and a substitute for U is being made from Starch. THE ceremony of scattering the ashes of a uinn, whoso body hns been cremated, from the top of the statue of liberty was a shocking proceeding that the authorities) of New York city should not have tolerated. Dn. Coiirtrr, a Belgian (military official, reports the annual army death rule to bo 8.97 per cent, in Germany, 4.07 in Belgium, G in Franco and 0.94 in Austria. Hungaria. ONK BUM,, nephew of Sitting Bull, related tin incident (hat happened the day before the Bull WHB killed. Ho Raid that on that day Silting Bull climbed to Urn top of one of the highcHt adjiimnl buttos, where ho fell asleep and dreamed of the startling event to occur next day. and came down and told his people that their great medicine man would he killed on Uio morrow. And no he wan killed. Tint wanton barbarity of the present Russian government receives an illustration in the placing of troops on the border of the empire to drive back tho unfortunate victims who attempt to cscapo to more civilized countries. Recently a band of Cossacks intercepted a party of Jews endeavoring to escape into Germany, and killed and wounded nianyof them while driving thorn back into Russian slavery. TirM director of: tho mint places tho gold production of tho United States for 1890 at 1,588,880 fine ounces of the value of 832,845,000, an increase of only $-15,000 over tho production of 1880. Tho produc- ,tion ot silver increnned from 50,000,000 in 1889 to 54,000,000 ounces in 1890. It appears further from this report of Director Leech that tho use of gold in tho arts is increasing quite as rapidly as silver, and for tho last year aggregated $18,105,900, while silver to tho amount of §9,231,000 was so employed. Tins recent rule of the United States su- premo court, ordering all appeals to be docketed with its clerk within 80 days from tho time they are taken, was made necessary by an abuse that had grown to largo proportions. Appeals had been often taken for tho purpose of delay, and allowed to wait until the last minute, sometimes for months, before being entered upon the docket. Waiting until the last entry day usually meant a postponement over at least one term of court, and often more, Tho court intends to have all tho business sent up to it upon its dockets promptly hereafter, •whether in vacation time or not, so that it can sift tho calenda 1 ' if desirable. This rule is likely to pro- vent such appeals as tho second now pending in tho .lugiro case, and it will clear the calendar of considerable dead weight, AN English chemical journal reports a series of experiments by Mr. Banschinger to determine the resistance to frost of natural and artificial building stones. From three to six pieces of each kind were selected, and their tensile strength, wet and dry, their capacity for absorbing water, alteration in volume, tensile strength and behavior toward water after freezing and thawing 25 times, and their specific gravity were determined. Of samples of 21 kinds o!. natural stone, only G—ono of tlo- lorite, one of diorito, atd four sandstones —wore found to resist repeated frce/.iiig, though 4 others resisted fairly but not absolutely. Of: 'II samples of artificial stone similarly tested, only ii wore thoroughly unail'eeted, while 8 wove fairly ro. sistant. AVMUC AND AVIHIO HOIMC. It is remarkable to what an extent wire and wiro ropo aro displacing hemp and foftoji ropes, once so much in vogue, re- •Dirked a prominent J Washington hardware merchant to a reporter. 'This will be noticed right iu tho homes as well as in the workshops and large business buildings. It is not so very long ago that tho majority of beds were corded, while now days they aro provided with mattresses. Not only this, but there aro now manufactured wire pillows, wire bolsters and wiro upholstery lining, all of which meet with largo and increasing sale. One reason for the growth in popularity of tho innovation lies in the fact that wire offers no ground for vermin or disease germs. The medical profession greatly favor its mo, both in hospitals and dwellings, Tho same may be said of tho UNO of wire for clothes linos. Some years ago it was discovered that the old fashioned ropes harbored minute life, and in some instances wore infected with the germs of malignant diseases. This caused a rush for wiro clothes-lines, It is said that in 1860 there was not a yard of it in use, whils now there are thousands of miles employed. You huvo, perhaps, noticed how the sash cords of your windows have a faculty of giving out occasionally. This is clue more from tho ravages of decay and minute insects than by actual wear from usage. Tho advantage of substituting flat brass or copper chain for the old style sash cord is now recognized by all the leading architects, as you will observe by examining the butter das* of new Vff LATEST NEWS CONDENSED. GENERAL NOTES. SOUTH Dakota has adopted the Australian ballot system. Coii. W. W. GATES, the oldest, newspaper man in Tennessee, is dead. TwRNTY-i'iVK fully developed capes of leprosy are reported at New Orleans. GOIIMJ & (Jo., insurance dealers of Philadelphia, have failed for $250,000. NKW VOHK business men organized to erect! nn oqneslrinn statute of the late General Sherman. TIIKHK aro 1,4(51 abandoned in Massachusetts covering 120, 5)0 acres and huv- ing an asserted valuation of 81,070,828. IT is stated that Chr.rlos K. Coon of Now York will be appointed assistant secretary of the treasury. Tint annual encampment of tho Illinois G. A. H. will bo hold in tho town of Decatur April 0-10. POJITY-SKNEU students of the college at Valpariso, hid., have been dismissed for visiting saloons. Foun persons have died and seventeen others are dangerously ill nt Ida Cirove, la., from trichindyis, TMK diamonds presented to Miss Minnie Shpnnnn, now Mrs. T. W. Kftch, valued at 8135,000 will be sohf ind the proceeds divided among t c four children of tho late general. Tine entire edition of the Sioux City, Iowa, Volksfround was seized by i.ho postmaster because it contained a free-love editorial. JOHN If, Hoi/r/ANDHH, who sued tho Guatemala, connsul at Now York for $50,000 for libel, has been awarded G cents damnges. 'I'll 10 Michigan supreme court hns decided that county clerks may suppress Hies in coiut cases at their discretion, and that only the records after trial are public property. SKNATOU HKAKHT, of California, who has been suffering from cancer of the stomach for some months, died Saturday night. WiiJiTAM Fur/roN, aged eighty-two, has just died at tho Bloomington poor farm. A few years ago ho divided his property, worth $40,000, among his children, who basely deserted him, AN excavated room containing a human skeleton, utensils, and other articles, evidently ol prehistoric times, was found 1,000 feet under ground by coalmincrs near Anisted, W. Va. VASSAII cor/r/Kcm trustees have settled tho suite brought by tho heirs of John Guy Vassar to contest tho bo:me«t of S700, 000 to tho college. Tlii> tru-ttoes agree to pay $150,000 to tho hoirs. FOREIGN. GKO. KYNOCTI, conservative member of parliament for Astonnmnor, is dead. Tun death of Sir Joseph William Ba- zalgctle, of London, the eminnot engineer, is announced. A STATUK in honor of John Wesloy, tho founder of. tho Methodism, was unveiled ivlondoy in London. TuiiKio battalions and one regiment of Chilian government troops aro reported to have shot their ollicers and declared for the revolutionists. in the house by their mother. When she returned three hours later, she found the house a smoking ruin. It is supposed the children started the fire while playing with matches. CRIME. THOMAS JJAKKii, the Antigo desperado, will be taken buck to Kentucky. TICK shortage of Treasurer Herbert of Delaware amounts to 6700,000. AT Horse Creek mines in Walker conn- | ty, Alab.uni,, Tu'.:.-iday, Dr. W. J. Mathi e'ws shot his wife five times killing her instantly. JAMKS HF.YNOMJS, salesman for Kelly, Mans &. Co., committed suicide Saturday morning. EX-STATE TIIKASUKKII WOODUUPF of Arkansas wns arrested Friday at Little Hock for improperly using the state funds. M, HOMTZ, one of the Italians on trial for tho murder of Chief of Police Henncs- sy of New. Orleans, has confessed the story of the plot. IT has been discovered that the guards have furnished tho prisoners \n the Charleston, Mass., prison with tools with which to make their escape. GEOHCIB F. WOIIK and James S. Dungan, the wreckers of tho Bank of America at Philadelphia, have been found guilty of hypothecating the securities of the bank. Fouu additional indictments have been found against Gibson, secretary of the whisky trust, in connection with the conspiracy to blow uo Shufeldt's distillery. W. J. EI/I.IOT and A. C. Osborn, two newspaper writers, had a battle with pistols on a public street in Cincinnati Monday afternoon. Osborn was fatally shot, one bystander wns killed and several innocent persons were injured. WASHINa'i'ON. SHREW DIAMOND SMUGGLER minister Rome. MAOISANI of finance, former y Italian died Saturday at In a speech in Neath, Sunday, Mr. Parnell said tho time wai near when Ireland would be a republic. Sui RIOIIAKI) CAIITWHIOHT of Toronto charges tho Canadian government with tarn poring with letters addressed to prominent liberals, A uisu'ATOH from Buenos Ayros says it is believed there that tho intervention of General Miltrc will load to a settlement of the political difficulties in that country, EMIMUMS EIHIJSNUO hns been compelled to sell the chateau d'Arenberg iu S wit nor- land in eoiisoquoiicc of uiilnoky stock speculations. ' ' ! ' ' ONK of tho Groat Eastern railway company's channel mail steamers Saturday collided with and sank the steamer "Queen" of the North Sea. Tho crow of the latter drowned. A BUKNOS Ayres dispatch snys, tho banks have refused to loan 820,000,000, to the government. Tho limincial situation is critical, Til n English ministry is said to have conclusive proof that the recent unfriendly demonstrations to tho Empress Frederick in Paris were worked up by the followers of Boulanger. Lord Salisuury is much incensed at this discovery. FIRES AND CASUALTIES. _ Isaac II. Shane, of Km Claire, Wis., was killed in a lumber cam]). Tun Honfrew manufacturing com puny, at Adams, Mass., suffered a loss of §500,000 by tiro. TiiitKU-FOuuTirs of tho town of Yunin, Gal., is under water, and tho placo is threatened with destruction. r A I.AHOK pulp mill near Watertown, "N. Y., was destroyed by tho Hood and one man was killed. _Tiiis Hoods in tho Colorado and Gila rivers destroyed many lives and hundreds of houses, Tun Renfrew company's weave shed at Adams, Mass., was burned Monday night, causing a loss of over !?r>00,000. A WNASTuouB hail storm visited Poplar Bluff, Mo., Tuesday doing groat damugo to property and stock. Bit VAN it SULLIVAN'S dry-goods store and adjoining buildings at Indianapolis were burned Sunday night, causing a loss of $150,000. AN Iowa Central passenger tiain was derailed near Rockwell, Iowa, Monday. Thos. Tolo, of Chicago, is seriously, ami others slightly injured, Tun agricultural implement warehouse of S. |j. Sheldon at Madison, Wis,, was destroyed by lire Wednesday morning. Loss $35,000. A si'HciAi, from Ymna, Col., says the report of loss of life was untrue. It is possible, however, that some of the Indians below Yuma have been drowned. AN unknown man was instantly killed bv a Northwestern train at Ohio and Des- plams streets, Chicago, 111., at 9 o'clock 1'riday night. He was about 80 years old and had blue eyes, a full, brown beard, ami wore good clothes. A silver wati h and about forty cigar-stumps were found in his pockets, AT Litchtield, Conn., the home of Henry U Howe was burned Monday and his two children perished in the flames. Tho children, aged three imd five, were locked THE shipping subsidy bill has been defeated in tho national hous-o of representatives. SENATOR Speoncr favors the location of the now Indian school for Wisconsin at Stevens Point. CoNOKiissMAN CASAVKLi/ has passed a bill to quiet title,to 100,000,000 acres of western lands. IT is estimated tho appropriations made by tho fifty-first congress aggregate $525,000,000. THE bill for tho erection of the new United States mint at Philadelphia was signed by the president Tuesday, the one hundodth anniversary of the signing ol the original bill by Gen. Washington. ALL the regular appropriation bills were passed by congress—the deficiency bill at almost tho last minute of tho session—and have been signed by tho president. Tho copyright bill was also passed, and is now » law. THE conference on the sundry civil bill struck out tho appropriation for a new revenue cutter for Lake Michigan, but left the Milwaukee building clause. Tir 13 senate .passed the postal subsidy bill and tho ijostofh'ce and agricultural appropriation bills. The house pnsfed the moat inspection bill arid the bills for a now mint at Philadelphia and a new custom house at New York. Other appropriation bills are still in conference. A IMIOUOGUAPIIKll'S STOHV. Plan of 11 Womun Who Took No Rlslcs on How ft Sharp Diamond Merchant Sue- j ceerted in lUfflin* the Custom j House Officials. ' His dinning Effectually Deceived tho ' Most Kxperii'iiced Officers for j a, Lonjr Time. He is Cau?htjiit Liwt and Tells How he Outwitted tho Detectives. "I had auexperinee the other day whicli has interested me more than anything (sf a similar nature which has happened to mo in all my business experience. A young lady who moves in tho best society brought me three letters and I photographed them for her and at her request destroyed the negatives. Tho letters were thu most tender and ardent love missives imaginable. They were addressed to the young lady herself and were signed by a name' which I am sure you would recognize instantly were I to mention it. 1 will confess that curiosity got tho better of my judgement, and 1 finally s<id: '•You'll piadon me, but this job is a littlo unusual isn't it?" "Is it.?" she said smiling. "It strikes mo so," 1 replied 1 don't see why you want photograps of the letters since you have tho letters themselves." "Don't you! Well, I do. Suppose the letters were to bo lost or burned or de- slrojed in some other way?" "Would't tho photographs be destroyed just as easily as the letters I 1 " "Perhaps not; especially if they were not kept in the same place with the let- tors. But; I'm not afraid of losing thorn by lire or any such way as that Tho fact is, thu ink i.s faiding put and in a short time it is likely to bo illegible." "Ihero ii< a girl for you who does not propose to take any risk in the breach of promise buisnoss." Iduijikok to Have tho lOlectrlo Light. A S ame.-io eluctriii-light company is about to begin operations in Uanglcok, and the whole installation for tho electric lighting over a radius of fiva miles from tho contra! station is t') be carried out by American engineers. Bangkok has hitherto, with the exception of the road in front of the king's rulaoo, been lighted with oil lamps, and the new lumimuit will placo tho city in a position superior to that of most, oriental cities of its population. It is expected that the owners ot tho large rio'i and saw mills in 13 uigkok will reap pet ial adyanl ago from the electric light, Mstheso mills are kept working eight and day and have hitherto suff.)ro;l much from larjeny and imporfoct service, both of which it will now bo possible to provide against. __ About Iho lO.ytis. It was recently maintained before tho Paris Academy, that shortness o_f sight was , a defect inc'ulont to civilization, "or to an artificial condition of life. An examination of tho eyes of wild animals shows that those captured after tho ago of six or eight months remain long-sighted, while those captured earlier or born in captivity are near-sighted. A My»tory. I How the human system ever recovers from the bail offccts of nauseous medicines often literally poured Into It for tho euppoeltlve relief of Uys- pepgia, liver complaint, constipation rheumatism mul other alliuunttt, is a mystery. The mlschlot done by bad medicines is scarcely loe» than that cuuaud by disease. If they who are weak, bllllous, dyspeptic, constipated ur rheumatic, would of tenor i be guided by the experience of invalids who have thoroughly tested lluetotter's Stomach Bitters, they would Iu every insuiuco obtain the speediest : aid derivable from rational medication. ThU : medicine Is a searching and at the same time a thoroughly safe remedy, derived from vegetable BourcoK, and postsi>M<ii!^, In cunsoiiuenue of Us , basis of pure eplrlts, pruperllos as a medicinal utlmuluui not to be feu ml in the llery local bitter? aud vlliuiilanu often resorted to by the deblli dyipepiic aud languid. First class professional smuggling, says the custom house authorities, is rapidly becoming a lost art. In the aggrogati", perhaps,"there is a large quantity of dutiable goods smuggled through thin port, but it is done in small quantities am.l bv persons who do not make a business of violation of the revenue laws. As is generally well known, the custoain i inspectors making seizures of dutiab le goods are entitled to rewards for their work. These rewards vary with the valu ations made by tht, official appraisers. Not many years ago the average annual income of an inspector from this source far exceeded the amount paid as his salary. But at present tho custom house inspector like tho Wall street commission broker, replies, when ariyonoasks him how he is getting along, "Well, things are pretty dull. I am oking out a living, but there is nothing in the business any more. I wonder it the good old times will ever come again?" 1 chanced to meet a few nights ago a well^ known member of the -Collector's staff, who was an inspector when Chester A. Arthur was collector and ivho letnrned to his old place under Colonel Erhardt. He was surrounded by a group of customs inspectors in an uptown cafe, and all were bewailing tho fact that there was much Jess mojiev now in Uncle Sam's service for tho boys than there was "in the good old days.' 1 Major Blank agreed entirely with the general sentiment. UIO SKI55U11ES 0* 1 THE PAST. "Why," said he, "from 1868 to 1878 wo had a seizure of considerable consequence almost every week, and if we did not get two or three rich seizures every month we did_not consider tha f i we were doing any business at all." "I think the cleverest man who ever § ave us a long chase to catch him was a 'rench Jew who devoted himself on tirely to smuggling diamonds. The man was worth many thousands of dollars. He could have retired from business and spent the remainder of his years in ease and luxury, or ho could have established a big legitimate business and carried it on successfully. But ho has made his money in this way. There was an immense profit in tne sale of the smuggled brilliants, and as he had been uniformly successful ho preferred to remain a smuggler. J f there ever was a man who made smuggling a fine art it was this fellow. He was just in the prime of life and was as shrewd and clever as any man 1 ever came in contact with. We were sure ho was engaged in smuggling. His trips to France and back wore too frequent for a man who was engaged in a legitimate business. "We searched him time and again, but nothing was found either in his iruuks or on his person. Finally we made up our minds to have him watched in Paris. The collector put himself in communication with the United States minister at the French cnpital, and a few weeks later received a letter from the late E. B. Washburn, who was then our minister to France, informing him that ho had had our man watched and that he had been purchasing large quantities of diamonds. The ministei stated that, from information brought to him, the value of the perns was close to a quarter of a million dollars. ''Soon after we received a cablegram tellii.g us that our man had sailed with his stock of precious stones. Did we feel good? Well, now, do you know the commission on that seizure would make inacy a man consider himself rich ? Our trap to catch Mr. Smuggler was complete. At least we thought it was. We sent three specially instructed inspectors down the bay to meet the steamer. As soon as they boarded her they spotted our man, and they never took their eyes from him till the boat reached her dock, The moment the gangplank was |,ut in position two of our men walked up to the suspected man, slapped him on the shoulders and informed him that he was a prisonoi. THUltlfi WAS NOTHING THISKE. "Ho remonstrated, but they told him they know their game and he must come along. Well, sir, vvo spent the greater part of a day .searching that fellow. We stripped him. Wo ripped open his clothing. We searched every nook and crevice in liis trunks, but not a single stone did •wo find. Tho three disgusted inspectors simultaneously said 'd— n,' and .1 joined in tho chorus. We were sure he had the diamonds still, but we had nothing on which to detain him. Tho impudent rascal put his finger to his nose and sauntered away and remarked, 'You fellows thought you were smart, didn't you?' "Two wteUs later wo learned that our prisoner's agents here had literally flooded tho market with very valuable and high pi iced diamonds. Then we knew he had gotten the best of us. I stayed awaUe nights trying to imagine how ho did it, but was forced to give up. ''In less than three months our man again appeared upon the scene. This time lie was given away by one of his partners on the other side. The colleo'or received an anonymous letter from Paris telling him just how the smuggler proposed to operate. Tho fellow had cheated him, the writer of tho letter ihiid, but even then he would not have given 'him away but for the fact that besides cheating him he had persuaded his sweetheart to leave him, his back he will have a big plaster, put there of course, as he will tell you, by tho t ship's surgeon, Take off this plaster and | imide of it you will find 49 large and valuable stones.' In a short time the smuggler arrived and again we made him prisoner, lie acted exactly as the letter stated he would act, and when some one touched him in the back he winced as if in terrible pain. We were ready for his acting, however, and soon had his coat and shirt off. There was the plaster, and beneath it the inspectors found 49 glittering gems, just as the letter stated they would. The man was hustled off to the Ludlow street jail and the diamonds sent to the appraiser. INSPECTORS FOILED AOAN. "We were all jubilant, and the chief inspector -who 'had made the seizure, went home and told his wife what a beautiful sealskin sficque he was going to buy her. The next day when I reached my office the first thing 1 reached for was u big envelope from the appraiser, conf airiing a statement of the value of the diamonds. We had variously estimated them the day before at from 800,000 to $100,000. When I opened tho envelope and read the official appraisenient you could have knocked mo over with a feather. This is whai, he said: "The forty-nine, diamonds you sent for appraisement aro made of glu-s. Their net value is about seventy-five cents. "I could not help admiring the fellow's cleverness. He haJ v/rittui the anonymous letter himself, of course, and had entrapped us completely. We never thought of looking in the hand bag he carried, and he had walked off with his diamonds. We had to let him go free again. "Well, sir, it was two months after this before we caught the man. Ho kept up his smuggling regularly. Finally we let him pass several times without paying much attention to him. He became bold, and one day we discovered a big lot of diamonds in the back of a hnir brush. This time wo really had him. f felt so much curiosity to find out how the fellow had beaten us tho first tim-i I. have de- scripert that 1 went to the United States district attorney and persuaded him to consent to have a year taken off the man's sentenceif he would tell. We all agreed that the knowledge would bo of great benefit to the service. AND THIS IS HOW HE mi) IT. "The man agreed. Ho was cool as a cucumber when ho told us. 'Why.'he said, 'it was the easiest andsimplcst'thing in the world. You see 1 knew what you fellows were up to. I posted myself as to that. .1 found out you were having me watched in Paris, and 1 knew there would be a complete 'search. When I sailed from France I simply bought a round trip ticket. .1 made an agreement with tho steamship people I hat" I was to hive tho same state room coming back which I had occupied in coming over. Then I secured tne diamonds in a bag, made an excavation in the wall of the state_ room, put the iliumonds in it _and puttied up tne hole. Then when the ship sailed uiy wife came down^ to bid me goodby. I was too modest to kiss her goodby on deck and she accompanied me to my stateroom. I told her about the diamonds, and, woman-like, she would carry them ashore with her. Wasn't it easy?' HIS ONE OBJECT IN LIFE. "Gentlemen," he said, as he approached the four of us seated in a row in the waiting room. "It grinds me to the soul to be obliged to ask favors of strangers, but I've got to do it right hero and now." "What's your case?" asked the man en my left, who looked like a judge. "I've lost a wife and five children." "Well?" "Then my house burnsd down and I got no insurance." 'Weil?" "Then I fell out of a tree and broke my lear, and didn't walk for a year." ""Well?" "Then I sold a piece of renl estate—the only property I had—and a fellow robbed me ot every cent." "VVeil?" "Then 1 got a heavy cold, consumption set in, and ene of my lungs is gone and the other going." "Well?" "AVell, I'm ragged, poor, hungry and sick, and want money to buy a supper and pay for a night's lodging." "I see. You are hard up, indeed. I should think you were tired of life." "I ha vet just one object in living." "Andtha?" "When f was a boy, ten years old and lived in Vermont, I stole a watermelon from a farmer. My crime was never discovered, but, it has weighed like lead on my conscience, and I know it has hastened my end. I want to live long enough and collect money enough*to enable me to return to Vermont, go to that farmer's :ouse, and standing before him say: " 'Mr. Pritchard, thirty-nine years ago, when I was but a giddy boy, I stole a watermelon of you. I am sorry. I want to bo furgiven before I die, and 1 -want to make sucli reparation as I can. Here is $39,000 in gold. Take it and buy a steamboat, and say I am forgiven.' " "You are an infernal dead beat and a liar!" roared the judge as the man stood in an Attitude of humility, but we chipped in half a dollar apiece and sent him awaj rejoicing, IT AY AS THK UULU AXlT CUSTOM. Uo Might Try to be a Siieuk, hut His Friends Were Watching Him, The Sun man noticed five men in Battery park looking fixedly at a lone man who occupied a bench on the other side of the walk, and when it had continued seven or eight minutes and the man had seemingly fallen to sleep he beckoned to one of the five and asked: "What is wrong about that man over there?" "He's trying to bilk the crowd." Q"Do you know him?" "No." "What's his game? Tf he isn't right why don't you call an officer?" "Why, it's just here. He chews tobacco. So do all of us. He wants a chew the worst way, but he's afraid to take out his plug for fear we'll ask for a nip, which, of course we should do, not having any ourselves." "But why doesn't he walk away and take his chew?" "We'd put him down for a sneak." "Well, he's gone to sleep." "All put on, sir. He's only pretending. Wants to tire us out, you "know, but lie can't do it. By aud by, when he can't stand it no longer, he'll out with the navy and it'll be a chaw all around. That's the rule and the custom and he mustn't go agin it. It's what they_ call moral suasion, sir, and I never knew it to fail."—N. Y. Times. HO MAN CIS OF AN ALPHABET. The Development of the Ideograms of the Chinese. Naturally the objects of nature first exercised the ingenuity of the Chinese de- pictors of ideas. The heavenly bodies were always before them, and the hieroglyphics representing them wore among their first efforts. But the time came when they were called upon to express 011 paper, by means of compound characters, the various phases of the sun and moon for example. The drawing of "the sun above a straight line" was sufficient to indicate the early dawn, aud as it rose higher above thf> horizon and shone through the trees, it suggested an ideogram reproducing tne scene (the sun shine through a tree) to represent the east. The "sun" and "to reign" compounded togfeth.er_ was sufficiently descriptive of "the sun bright^ eninginto full day." The darkness fore dawn was "the sun -I- not yet. _ it sank toward the west it was a "shielded sun." and evening was an "escaped son. For a description of " brightness in the abstract the services of the moon were called into play, and the two luminaries placed side by side, represented very effectively the idea. ' , But what about the stars? _ Their relative size supported the notion of their being the offspring of the sun, and so they were named "Born or the Sun. Descending to earth, we find that man and his concerns largely exercised the inventive powers of the eloborators of ideograms. "A man" and "two" stood for humanity and regard for one another. "A man's words," were truthful, sincere, and "half a man" was a companion, an idea of fellowship which scorns _to indicate that, according to Chinese ideas) a perfect man, like happiness, was born a twin. Etiquette or decorum was "the righteousness of man." A "white man" was a nobleman or' chief, probably referring to a time when the Chinese were brought into contact with the darker- skinned aboriginal tribes of China, and a "valley man" was one of the common herd. , "A man's fault" was dipsipation, as it often is here as well as in China, and a woman's hesitation and uncertainty; while extravagance ""as represented by a symbol signifying "a man's excess," and wantonness a "woman's " It has to-be admitted that the characters drawn of women in the ideograms are by no means always complimentary, which, of,course, must be attributed to acompleto'ignorance of the sex on the p:,rt of inventors of writing. How else can we explain the facts that a compound of "two women" represents strife, and of "three" intrigues? Or, again, that to respect, to dislike, should find expression in a character composed of "a woman," plus "together with;" or that saucy, pert should he rep: resented by a "moreover woman." It is curious to note that an ideogram, formed of "a wave" and "a woman stands for.]a virago, just as a wave-man, or Ronin, in Japanese means a lawless adventurer. The idea of beauty among the Chinese differs as widely from ours as do their written characters from our A B 0. Not long since a member of the Chinese Lu- gation was looking at a photographic group of decidedly pretty young English ladies, and being asked whether he admired them, replied: "No, they are difficult to look at, difficult to look at." A_s to figure, a willow-like waist, and a bending, yielding form are the objects of the highest admiration in China, and so a character formed of. ports signifying "a woman" and "curvsd" is used to denote beautful, lovely, comely. Many meanings connected with women are associated with characters which prima facie bear no relation to them whatever. Took Him fur tho Apostle. A gentleman in St. Paul was being driven home late at, night and when in a street unfrequented at that hour he observed a well dressed man with a. load that he had better have gone for twice, evidently followed by two suspicious looking characters. Prompted by his well known kindness of heart, he drew up to the sidewalk, and accosting tho stranger, asked him if he would like to b? driven home. With drunken gravity the man took off Irs hat and s_aid he 'Nyas entirely unfamiliar with the city, and if he could be carried to tho Ryan l.e would greatly appreciate it. On being assisted to tho rotunda of the hotel he presented his card and insisted on knowing the name of his benefactor. "Oh, that's all right," said the citizen, "anybody would bo glad to be of service to a stranger." "But you must tell me," persisted the man, "I want to know to who I am indebted." _ "Well, if that's the case, just give the credit to Sfcs. Paul," replied the bashful rescuer. The inebriated man grasped his hand gratefully, and with a choky utterance said, "I'm—many times obliged to you Mr. St. Paul." "Would you—confer—one more favor? What made you—write that—letter to the Ephesians?"—Pioneer Press. ALASKA. Hut TJttlc Known of Our Arctic Province. For many years public interest has centered around the most remote of our possessions, and many are the tales related of the wonders of Alaskan scenery. Examining all the data extant to-day, very little is found outside the beaten tracks—that is, those portions where the tourist steamers yearly go. Jf you look in an ordinary "Gazefeer" tho result of your search will be that Alaska covers about five hundred and eighty thousand square mile?, is rich in minerals and fur- bearing animals, has large fishing interests^ immense snowy peaks and huge glaciers. Tho charts show its coast line in a general way, but the interior is almost a blank.—From "Mt, St. Elias and Its Glaciers," by M. B. KOIT, .in March Scribner. A Mute's Version of It. "1 have heard and read many pathetic stories," said Senator Hoar recently, "but none of them ever awoke so much sad sympathy as one which Professor Gallou^'Jt related the other day. The professor has a favorite pupil, a little deaf mute boy, who is exceptionally bright. Mr. Gallondet asked him if he knew the story of George Washington and the cherry tree. With his nimble fingers the little one said he did, and then he proceeded to repeat it. Tho noiseless gesticulations continued until the bDy had informed the professor of the elder Washington's discovery of the mutilated taxe and his quest for the mutilator. 'When George's father asked him who hacked his favorite cherry tree,' signaled the voiceless child. 'George put his hatchet in his left hand --' "'Stop,' interrupted the professor. Where do you get your authority for saying he took the hatchet in his left hand','" " 'Why,' responded the boy, who knew nothing of speech, 'he needed his right hand to tell his father he cut the tree^' " —Washington Star. A Wise Ol A gentleman walking with a friend one day through a commissariat storehouse in Hong Kong, China, camn to a part of the store where four Chinamen were engaged at emptying a large tub'of rum and carrying it in gallon measures to another portion ot the building. \ Addressing himself to one ^vbo seemed to bo the leader of the party, e asked; "Do you like rum, John?" "No, sir," said the Chinaman, "Why not?" "Rum not proper si'" make < number one fool! ice.
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