The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on February 18, 1891 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, February 18, 1891
Page 3
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THE OTPM DES MOINES. ALGONA V IOWA V WEDNESDAY; FEBRUARY 18, 1891. BY MAKIK SAttAII BIUGHAM. CHAPTER XIV.—DAKOTA. Leaving Chicago we went north-west, passing through Wisconsin, that grand State PO famxms for eheese nncl butter; through Minnesota with its broad fields of growing wheat, clear rivers and bracing atl% into Dakota, the new, the great, the .grand; the giant of the. northwest. Hero little--homes dot the prairies, giving evidence of growth; Here the hardy pioneers come to taste tho romance of taming nature and to. coax wenlth and happiness from the fertile soil. We passed over rivers whose waters were clear as crystal; through villages full of enterprise and thrift. "This seems a growing state," I said, looking out over the expanse of country , one WAS placet! on the desired quarter sec government land can be obtained, homestead, pre-emption and timber claims. Homestead laws give to each head of the family a right to enter n quarter section by living on it live years and then proving tip.- The pre-emption laws require the applicant to till the soil and pay from one dollar and twenty-five cents to two dollars and fifty cents per acre, according to the location. And the timber claim allows n quarter section to the qualified man or woman who pays fourteen dollars and breaks live acres the first year, cultivates it the second and plants either seeds or cutting* tor timber until he ean show some, six thousand living trees on the land he claims." '•Well, you could not comply with any of those rt.iMiivments, could yon/" "That is where Lord Sanders helped me. We tliought of every name we could and then went to the land office, and, with the aid of a good bonus, we had names enough entered to take up the alternate sections. Then, as soon as my tenants came, each thickly dotted with cosy little homes. "It is among tho llrst," said the duke, in answer to my question. "It claims a greater number of post-offices than anyone of the twenty-three other states and territories, ami pays more revenue into the postofflce department than any one of tho thirty-two of them. It has colleges, normal schools and institutions endowed by the territory. Its educational fund, derived from lands donated by the general government, promises to be tho largest belonging to tho state. The official reports show that there is less sickness in Dakota than in any other state or territory in tho Union. Immense beds, o£ coal are being discovered in many parts of tho territory. Time-was, they tell me, when all these fertile plains belonged to what we knew in our school days as the Great Aniercan Desert. But not a trace of the desert remains on any railroad map of to-day, I r remember picturing the sand on the des- hero, as playing the same pranks as in 'tho Great Sahara lit Africa. But imagine great desert becoming a Liboining garden I" "How much this looks like Illinois," I said as wo wore riding along. "Yes, Waverland, you will bo surprised to find that all prairie lands have some of the same general features, at least I was. But ^you notice there is no low, flat, marsliy land here. The surface of the prairie, both upland and valley, is everywhere undulating," said the duke, "while the river 'courses, fringed with timber, afford a, grateful relief from the monotony of the prairies." "Here wo aro at our destination," said the duke, as the train came to a hale at a little station where everything looked new. Even the business signs Boomed to SB tell of new paint. Wo found comfortable rooms in a littlo house occupied by the duke's agent. The agent kept a provision store and postofllce. His wife, n fair, intelligent woman, took charge of the office anil did her own housekeeping. She was a stout energetic woman, kept things in order, gave us good meals, and the tenants their mail. "Then this is your HI Dorado," I said to the duke, when, after a, comfortable dinner, we started out to see something of this new American dukedom." "Yes, this is my El Dorado,"- ho answered laughing. "You have not seen anything of the famous king, have you?" The prairie stretched away in. the dis- ' tan'ce like a mighty sea o£ gentle undulating verdure. ft. was a, country fresh from the hand ol: nature. "Are these little buildings'the homes "ot your tenants?" I asked. "Yes; they may look small to us, but to xuh'eso poor beings, who have, been cooped up in crowded teneiiii.'iils'it rivals even the famous El Dorado. There aro families here, with all their uncles, aunts and cousins, until tho whole settlement seems one family of. kin folks. They are from the north o£ Europe, where they have been trained to unquestionable obedience and plodding industry.""How much did it cost you to bring thorn here!'" I asked, as we were riding . from place to place on the estate. "Seven dollars d head," he answered, as though.speaking of it herd of cattle. "I see you have.' been in America long enough to '• have' learned some of her shrewdness." "How so?" "You could never have brought people •here without some previous arrangement. How did j'ou manage it?" "Very easily. You see I had bought large tracts of lands from the railroad company and they were, under some obligations to mo. I asked for honest rates to bring settlors in. At first I could not get rates that would justify me in bringing them. But after a great deal of consultation, wo arranged with different railways and line of steamers, until tho faro was just seven dollars per head by tlie,famlly." "These buildings, how did you arrange .for them?" ' ., 4y "There again tho railroads helped me. I ' got rates for everything. Each house as it stands cost me fifteen dollars. The tenants built them, themselves." ^ "How will yon ever get your money tion and began to cultivate it. When the time comes for proving up it can be. shown that the lands have changed hands and are in tho hands of actual settlers. I shall enter it in each tenant's name and pay all the fees and rent, tho lands to them, while they transfer to me the fee simple." "Now I see how you manage it. But should think t lie American people would ob.iect to foreigners coming hero and holding so much land." "They are a'ways glad to have foreigners come and make actual settlement and my tenants will qualify just as soon ns possible; then there can bo no objection to them. And the railroad lauds wo can buy as much of as we like; though some wikl fanatics are making a fuss about it," "I understand that Englishmen now own about twenty million acres in the United States."« "I believe that is true. Wo are gaining the lands our fathers lost without 'lighting any bloody buttles for them." "I remember reading in an English pa per before 1 left home that, 'No matte what course Congress may take to proven it, tho inheritance of the American peopli will yet come into tho possession of tin English nobility.' Now I see what i meant. But some arc working to defeat your plans." "I do not wonder that the American people are waking up to the truth ot tho situation. English and Scotch landlords already own as much land in America as the entire state of New York." "Here is a piece ot ground that must have been under culivation before you saw it," I said, as wo came to an old log cabin. "Yes, Wuvorlnnd, that I bought of an old man who had lived here a number of years. When I fenced my property he found himself without a highway." "But you had no right to do that." "The cow boys I had here herding my stock made htm'feel a little uneasy." "Thou yon forced the old man to leave this beautiful piece of ground whore he had toiled to start a home?" I asked. "I bought him out," said the duke, wincing under the word force. "Did you pay him for his improvements?" "No, I could not afford to do that. I paid him the same that I paid for railroad lands," "Then his two or three years hard work went for nothing." "Ho had one or two good, crops from tha land." "I think tho 'equal rights to all' clause in tho American constitution has been abolished and 'might makes right' has been inserted in its stead." "You are right in that, Waverland. The boasted liberty of America is only in the name, when they submit to being governed by money, backed up by physical force. Just look at Jay Gould; he counts his wealth by the hundreds of millions! When he wants to steal anything by law he finds plenty to help him. Liberty, indeed! It's all bosh!" "I do not wonder that we hear of riots and strikes. No one would object to his great wealth if he would allow fair wages to his employes. Bub when, month after month, ho cuts down their wages a few cents at a time, until starvation is at their doors, I am not surprised that they rebel. Then I have heard that his men are compelled to pay a monthly tax to establish and maintain a hospital fund, under Mr, Jay Gould's liuely organized system of tyranny," I said, as we started for our little boarding house after a long ride in this dukedom. Thus riding and chatting from day to day, sometimes on horseback, sometimes on wheels, but always in hunting suit; with game bag, dogs, servants, and guns, we spent two'weeks on the duke's great estate. It is in extent about twenty-live miles'wide by titty long, equaling in size about two counties of the common size iu Kansas, Illinois or Nebraska, a medium principality in Germany, or a small dukedom in England. It is a huge joko on tho American theory of liberty and equal rights. .Vest. "Why, Waverland, you are quite eloquent in your praises of this new world. But it is wonderful ns you pay. It is like the fairy palaces in the Arabian Nights." "Do you know how many inhabitants this city has?" "About scvcnty-ilvo thousand." "How clear and pure, the air seems. It B a luxury to breathe it," I said. The climate is one of the things that Denverites are very proud of. Do you see that man with the hose, watering his 'lants?" asked Motvorne, railing'my nt- ientiou to a beautiful yani where n fountain was sending up its silvery spray, that glistened in the rays of the setting sun. 'Yes, I see him. What is the usv 1 of his watering things? Everything looks as bright and fresh as those lilies at, the base of the fountain." That's the. secret of all this beauty. If it were not for the use of the ditches, pipes and hose, the sifting sand would choke everything in Denver." "Why, are there never any showers to supply'nature with the needed moisture?" "Seldom any rain falls, though clouds often appear. The display of lightning is mngntlleetit and sometimes very destructive/' "How clear and brifjlit the sunshine is. What would'they think in England or Ireland of this climate?" "It would be hard to toll. But tho clear blue heavens and the bright sunshine are among Denver's greatest charms.'' "Where do they got their building material from, thoro is such tv variety?" J asked. ."There are brick kilns In the suburbs of the city. Stone and other material is found near by. There is a great, variety, and men of taste choose the material host suited to the style they intend to build." "I have noticed that there seemed to be an individuality in the style and shape ot the buildings. Not two are alike." "Every one seems to vie with his neigh bor in making-Ids homo the most attractive. Taste and wealth have worked witn magic power in changing those wild cactus-growing plains into these charnilv.g homos, with grassy lawns and beautiful flower gardens. "There is a lino building, what is it?" I inquired. "That's their opera house; one of the finest on this continent." "School houses and churches are, numerous. The people believe iu education and the. cardinal virtues of morality. Here they scorn to strive for tho poetry of life— the higher thought." "We llnd here the intellectual culture that makes life so attractive. In well established society. It is made up of New York, Boston and the East, transplanted and developed into a more healthy state. Hero even the Bostouians forget to say, 'I am from Boston.' " We spent a most delighl'nl afternoon, but when evening came wo were so far away from our hotel that we were, glad to take a street car for the return trip. These handy little horso power coaches travel the streets of Denver with as much pomp as in any of the older cities of t,ho Eastern Stales. It was hard to believe that this proud city was little more than half u score of years old. Hero was to be seen the wonderful electric light; and the telephone wires formed a complete network over our heads. The city was well furnished with gas. Every luxury or need of man's nature had been provided for. When w« reached the hotel we passed into the dining rooms. At a table, to the loft of our own was a group of happy people, if we could judge by their merry voices and mirthful laughter. "What's tho matter, Molvornc?" I asked, for his face was as white as o ghost. "Great heavens! Can it bo she?" he, exclaimed, without hearing my remark. While I was watching his faeo 1 caught the sound of a familiar voice and exclaimed, '-Stella!" Though my back was toward tho table 1 was sure it was my long lost friend. Hope sprang to life and dolled self-control. I was near the dearest object of my life. 1 soon should know if my future was to be bright or dark. Supper was of little moment now, the inner sensitive life was su- premo. Melvorne left the table and I followed. Wo sought tho hotel register. There we found the names of Mr. and Mrs. T. B. Lollard, Lady Irving and Miss Stellu Everett, all of: London, England. Without a word we each passed to our rooms. There, like David Coppertlcld, wo spent some time over our toilets. At last Mel- vorno came to my room, saying: "Are you ready to go to tho parlors? 1 have sent word asking the party to meet some old friends there. For I discovered that Miss Everett was your friend, and, no now you ctimo to oe so tar trom nomor 1 "1 came with Lady Irving. We have been traveling together," she said. "How arc your mother and sister?" "My mother is dead. Myrtle is with An nie \Vrcu," I said, watching her face as 1 mentioned Annie's name. Stella changed her position as I spoke, but I had found ;'. key to her indifferent manners. "Your mother dead!" sho exclaimed after a moment's pause. "I have so often pictured her calm, sweet face with a look of welcome mi it for me, wheu 1 returned, for I always meant lo see her again, slit was so kind to me." The tears glisiem'd in her e,\ ..••; as she spoke of my m.ither. ''And little '.Myrtle, how I would like to see her she was very dear to me.' 1 "Mother died in the. winter. I had beer to London, and was called homo sinldenl> on account 'of her illness. She lived only f few hours after my return." \Vliile I wju< telling of my mother. .Stella had forgotten her self-imposed task of appearing cold and haughty. While wo had been talking, I had been flunking. The. old adage cairn? to mv mind, "Faint heart never won fait ladr'" 1 thought, that. I would test her in ditTo'/onco, and said: "Miss Kvorett, would you enjoy a walk mi tho piazza?" offering my arm as 1 spoke. Kur an instant sho seemed undecided. Then she answered by placing hei hand upon my arm. As soon as wo Avert alone 1 asked: "Stella, have you no words of welcome for me after these long, weary months ol absenceV" No answer. "Doyou know that 1 sought far ant near for some news ot my lost friend, and now that I have found you, when my heart is full of rejoicing, you have no words o welcome." Si'ill no answer, though I paused a mo ment. in our walk that I might listen. "Darling, have you no love for me ii your heart?" I pleaded, taking her ham that lay upon my arm in my own. She would not permit, even that, bu turned from mo, saying: "Sir, I never gave you cause kj tnkesm;! liberties with me." 1 tlui.'iglit there was a sound of pain ii the girlish voice. Onco more I pleaded: "Stella, Miss Everett, excuse me," said, "for troubling yon, but I must, kuov the truth. My mother told mo all she sali to you that morning before, yon left \Va vei'land. Did you bellovo that 1 loved Ar nio VVrenr" Sho turned her 1'aco toward mo iu t.h bright moonlight. It was .full of revivinj hopo as she answered: 'Ton, Sir Loyil, I believed It and tha was why 1 luft Wavorlnnd." "O, ray dill-lint,'," 1 said, taking her hand, "how could you believe that, anyone was dearer to mo than your owu BWriot self?" "I believed H. been use your mother said it was settled long ago. Uiat you were lo marry Annie." There was just a quiver of pain in the voice that made this confession. "Was that the reason tlii'.tyott loll Waverland?" "It was." "Then yon loved me just a little, even though you left me?" "Yes, Loyd, I loved yon," came in a whisper too'I'ainl, for aught, but a lover's ear. But It was enough. 1 held her to my heart and kissed the sweet lips and pure white brow. M,y heart-uttering all the time in a glad refrain ihe, words of tho old song, "My heart now sadly dumb shall speak to you alone." How changed the world scorned! 1 had secured the love of the one individual In all the world thav, could inspire my heart, with noble aspirations. We did not need words to tell the old, old story, for the sweetness- and the honor of tho new-found companionship had a lamiuairu all its own. (To bo continued ) 'ARM, HOME AND GARDEN. A I.KSSON FOH 1,.\<JOAH1»* .msr.ritiM: I'm.i..vim 'on think of uikliis; a jmirwv somti (lily; You linvo tnlki-il it nvor for yoary ami yours t el S(ini<'li>»-.v or other you mnko dolny. rutil fiiMlu'rniiil furllicr away !\|>|n>:ir- 'lie lipiiiiilful conl: nml 1 toll yon now To lihiil joitifolf Iw solemn vow Y> ITIW tlio Knl'lron. I'lurk up lii'nrt! For yun'll never p't thoro mile** you slnrl! 'here liioni" bi-foro you fruni il:iy lo tl:iy A t!i*k tli:il you ilii'stil to iinilerl:iko; ^o It linns;* like :i cloud upon your w:iy ThroUL'li wlilrli I tie minslilno ran never lironk. \n<l I It'll you now (lint the holler pliin Is to ilo the work ns quick iujtui mil; )vor your fears i» victory win, ^For you'll never got (hrouuli If you don't liouln : Vltli the br:iviv t and busiest keep nhrt'iH, Nor llirouirh (oa\e of indoleiire lose your plflt'o, "or In eacli emloiivor to do \ our lies! Von niNo the hopes of the hiuniin rnco. lo not eonlent to grovel lii'liuv, llnl rise In your ilullcs with fnllh a«low! ,01 yinir alms bo liiijli, nntl Rlllve lo excel: l-'or he who does holler must llrsl do well' The hour! I lint Rlvos" wny lo Us iionlits and fearx, Tlnvl Idly droimiR when tltere'n work to do, Will tlnil Itself, heforo tunny years, i'KKnrrd and bankrupt tlirmiKli and tlironj;li. I'horo afe journeyo U> lake anil tasks lo ho done, Kl'oin oarlv morning till set of sun, * Ami triumphs lo win, ns none can deny, And von II never succeed unless you try ! FAHM NOTKS. Mneh inju-y is done to'nors<es by a bad arrangement, of lighting stables, A feed of mixed grains is better for hoives than hay and corn meal alone. One of the greatest troubles with farmers is, they do not depend sullieiently upon their own farms for subsist unco, They have an idea, that they ean buy many things cheaper than they ean raise them. This is well if they raise .something a great, deal more proliliible and m.ike the exchange. Nothing is lost that is added to the soil if a farm isipioporly managed. The coarsest manure will become plant food after a lapse of a peiiod of time, but it is best to have all manure in the finest possible eondilion. Tho reason probably Unit your hens or pullets are. not laying is beeaiuie your house or food is not suitable for them. In the morning mix up a warm mess of corn meal or leavings from the table, having if piping hot, while at noon give wheat and ontB, with something green, and at nig'it ive whole and cracked corn mixed. The jovo plan has no equal in making hens CIIAPTKll XV.—A DOUBLE MEETING. From tho Duke of Melvorno's great es- back?" I asked. tato m Dakota wo wont south through tho "Each man is hired by the year, until beautitul praU . lc C01ln try the laud begins to produce something, then they will rent-. Whatever I pay for building or living expenses is kept from the wages." "What do they livo on? I see the land has just been broken." "You have seen tho little provision store and postollico; well, that is kept by my agent and an account is kept with each tenant of the amount of provisions ho is iu debt for. It is brought here from various places." "Do you furnish the farm implements?" I asked, "Yes, I furnish everything; bat I get a discount on largo purchases and reduced rates 011 railroads, so it is not so expensive as it seems at llrst, suht." "You see this is flue soil," he said, lifting a handful and examing it. "It is a fine, rich, sandy loam," I said. "Then this is the line country where the great desert used to lie. The homo of tho buffalo and roaming rod skins has been redeemed and is now being purchased by English and American landlords at a rapid rate." "It has not been three years since I first located these lands. Then I was far in advance of civilization, but now It has gone' way beyond me. If Lord Sanders had not come with me I should never have got possession of so much laud all iu one body as '\ I have it now." ' I ''I was just going to ask you how you got possession of so much laud. ' 'There are two classes of land open to settlers: railroad lands and government lands. The railroad lauds I bought by tha section. I was y Id that no foreigner could obtain lands fr( m tho government in any form, but Lpi'd Sanders understood the ways of thp land office and helped pie. There are, three forms bj- of Nebraska, thence into Colorado. There Melvorno had another, though smaller estate that he wished to visit. Denver, tho quaint city of tho West, was our final resting place. It lies at an altitude of 5,375 feet, and about fifteen miles from the mountains. Going to tho Windsor Hotel, we engaged rooms, had dinner and went out to see tho city. We passed down one of those long, straight streets, shaded on either side by beautiful trees. On each side of every street tlows a constant stream of water, often as clear and cool as a mountain brook. The water is supplied to the city from the Platte river, by means of an open channel. Tho fountains and water works are supplied by the Holly system of pumping the water from tho river. It is sent with such force through the pipes that in case of fire it sends a strong stream of water through the hose. "The muttering sound of water is refreshing this warm clay," I said, as we were passing along the shady street. "Denver never seems to me oppressively warm. The number of its trees and fountains and these little rills always insure a ^refreshing temperature," said Melvorne. "This city, with its wonderful develop ment of art; the unexpected intelligence ol its people, their refined method of thought ami handiwork; their knowledge of science and their threat material wealth, exhibit tho beautiitil theorem of Emerson when he says 'The powers of a busy brain are miraculous and illimitable!' Once this was a sterile waste. But mind, probably the mind of one man, if we could trace i home, was what conceived the possibilitiei of this mighty c.ity," I said, after spending hours looking at the wonderful thing brought into use in the few years since this w{$ known as the eveat desert of doubt, you recognized Lady Irving ns mine." I was ready in a moment, and together -vo entered the magnificent parlor. An 1 literal tho door, I heard my name called, and I fancied in an undertone of gladness. : crossed the room, scarcely knowing what I did, and taking Stella's hand minim said in an undertone o£ tenderness: Have I found you at last, my long lost darling?" For a moment a glad light sprang to her eyes. But instantly it changed and she withdrew her hand. Turning to the gentleman and lady sitting near, she presented me to Mr. and Mrs. Lollard. How can I explain the thoughts of tlio momentV Stella's voice and tho glad surprise that beamed a joyous welcome from her eyes, had been so full ot tenderness, and, f fancied, lovo, that my soul was agi- lated by the sweetness of tlio hope that love had been returned. But this repulse, what could it moan? For a few moments my thoughts wore beyond my control, 1 neither spoke nor moved. But only for an instant. Composure returned and I was master once more. Turning to Mr. Lol- lurd, 1 said. "Are, you intending to take a tour of the mountain scenery in Colorado, or aro you just passing on your homeward journey?" "We came to Denver, thinking of spantl- int;somo timo here. Are you at liberty tc join our party?" "Yes, sir," I answered, "that, I think, would bo agreeable to both *Ue Duks ol Melvorno and myself." "Then that is the famous Duke of Mel vorne that I have so often heard of?" asked Mr. Lollard. Melvorno and Lady Irving' had loft!'the room v/ithout presenting the duke to' hot friends. They were now enjoying a'pro menado on the broad piazza of the hotel. "Yes, sir, that is tho Duke of Melvorno We have just been visiting his ranch in Dakota, and are now going to visit his smaller one iu this state," I answered. "He seems to have found a friend ia Lady Irving," said Mrs. Lollard, a livelj littlo brunette. "He was very much surprised when he discovered her in the dining hall. And ] was equally surprised to hear your voici iu this strange land, Miss Everett," I said turning to Stella as I spoke, "May I TIIIC PHANTOM J>HUG Cl.KKK. A Ueiiuu-lciiblo Apiiariatlon In .SIlt'Hlii i Couple of Ilniiili-utl Yearn Ago. A curious thing is said to have happened in CrosBei), Silesia, in tho yeai 1G59. In the spring of the year one Chris topher Monigh, it drug clerk (an apothc curio's servant, as the old account nays) died and was buried with tho usual sor vicus of his church. A few days after hi death a shadow exactly like his in faeo clothes, stature, mien, etc., appeared ii the drug shop whero he had boon employ ed before his decease. In the shop h would walk about, sit himself down, tak boxes, pots, glasses, etc., from the shelves always returning them to their oxac places. Later on ho began to try th quality of medicines and to weigh viinou drug stuffs in a pair of scales used for tha purpose: would pound drugs in n mortn with a "mightio noise and even servo pep pie who came on business to the shop; a word, do all that a servant in such capacity could do. Ho looked very ghasi ly upon thoso-who formerly had been hi fellow-servants, they being afraid to sa anything to him. Tho owner of the drug shop was sick at tho timo and his plum torn servant soon began to cause him deal of trouble, performing all sorts c tricks on thojinvalid, such as pulling down tho bed on which ho lay, burning sheets, coverlets, etc., and at one time even going so fur as to throw the lamps in the fire as often as they were brought into the nick room. During nil this timo he had never been seen in the streets or heard to speak. i^:«,,iiy | onc (] a y he put on a cloak that n the shop and walked oub into tho .treetfc, minding no one and turning neither to tho right nor to tho loft. Near- ng the churchyard whero his mortal ro- nains had been deposited ho met a maidservant with whom he had formerly been on speaksne terms; accosted her only tosco ler fall in a swoon. This single instance is the only one in which he ia said to have spoken in the six weeks he was terrorizing all that portion of Silesia. When tho girl fainted the gallar.t phantom essayed to :ielp her to her feet, and placed _ in ner hand a paper written in blood-rod ink telling the location of much buried treasure. That night Princess Elizabeth Charlotte the then chief magistrate of Crosson, determined to put an end to the ghostly raids of tho drug clerk. Sho ordered tho grave opened and the corpse, grave-cloths, and coHin burned. This weird proceeding was carried out to the letter, and nothing SllOIlp VH. COU'H. 'raetieal farmers say that eight sheep •ill eat the sumo amount of hay during 10 winter that a cow will, and eight sheop •ill summer in a pasture, well, where a lilch cow would grow poor and thin, 'roin these eight sheop, for illustration, f> pounds of wool would bo shorn, a._ low gu.-e, and eight early lambs obtained. ..'or the lambs, say, wo receive !?!t2, and vool at 20 eonts a pound, Sit, making 841. i'hc time and labor of making a snoop- ight fence around the poor pasture, is nore than offset by the work of driving a ow to and from tho lot everyday and dong the milking besides. To keep tho ,ow in milk who must bo messed and grain- id if in u "sheep-pasture." and tho quan- aty of meal used would far exceed tho iinount required to lit early lambs for mvrkct. As to tho sale of butter: If tho iveriigo cow produces a tlow of milk that secures to'the owner 40 live-pound boxes of jutter during tho year, he may consider hat ho has a pretty good cow; and if he :ells his butter for 20 cents per pound tho •esult in money would bo about what tho eight sheep would return him, though with far more labor to tho furinor. other roiHidomtions, sur.h ns wool production, adaptability to forage, etc., should be overlooked, in oidfrtn give the breed every privoleire to exo A l in if* special ca- jiaeity; honcc to trot the litmbs m market parly they nni-t bo fed a-id bred for that purpose, as a few week;- delay may lessen the profit* oin-h.ilf. The same rule ftp- plie.^ to other classes of s-toek. To secure the l>est results one niii-t breed from them the foundation upnn which the enterprise is built, l!()t'SKIt() 1.1) It KADI NO. SOWING AND HKAI'INO Tin- sct'd oiii> i." "muni:. Thonirli llino will In- !;nminc, Anil ivirh mil- musl uiillii'r III* mvn . In Joy nr hi sorrow To <l;iv or to morrou VoiT'll rcnp wli.-U your rlplit hni;il Imtli -on n John Ituskin says: "It i.» only by labor lhat tiioiitrhl can In; made healthy, nml only by thought that lal.or ean bo made happy, mid tho (wo cannot iiosopnratml with iuipunuy." \Ve are (no fond of our own will. Wo want to be doiutr what we fum'.y to Ixs mighty tiling, but ihe proat point is to do small thiiijr.-t when called to do them, in u riirht spirit. Knowledge can not be aci|iiired without labor and application. It is troublesome and like deep ili^miujf for pure water; but when you roine to the spring it raises up to meet you, ami you quaff it eagerly. HOOll ClK'I'V In the year HU1 a traveler, visiting Amsterdam, went up into Uu-lower of St. Nicholas' church to note the playing of the nialvcllouK chimes, lie found u man away below the bells, with a mirl of wood- on gloves on his hands, pounding away on a key-board. The nearness of the bolls, the dunging of the keys when struck by the; wooden gloves, the clatter of tho wiro* made it, impossible lo hear the music. Yot there lloated out. over the sea and.'ovcr tho city tho most exuuiHite. music. Many men paused in their work and listened to tho chiminir, and were glad. It may be in your watch tower, whero you are wearily pouring Ihe music out of Vour life into the. empty lives of tho lowly, that, tho rattling of t,ho keys and the heavy haminor.s, the twanging of the wires, thp very nearness of the work, may nil conspire to prevent, your catching even one strain of that music you arojcroalingj lint far out over the populous city, full ot weary souls, mid far out in the eternal sou, the rare melody of yoiir work blonds with the noiigs of angels, and is ringing through the corridors of the skies. It muy gladden some burdened souls hero, and hiirmoni/o with tho rapturous mimic of heaven. MlHllllU'K III Tho farmer who does not brood up his stock nml retain his calves for tho dairy makes a mistake, Omi of tho greatest sources of loss in the piacticojof buying fresh cows and Boiling oil the dryonoH. When a cow is bought nothing IH known of her until she is tested for her results. She may have many faults, and may bring isease into tho herd. Abortion in KOHUI herds ia duo to this cause, as it IB known to bo contagious. A well-bred cow, raised on tho farm from healthy, productive stock, is more valuable than two animals purchased at random, andean bo raised at less expont-'o animal. than to buy any inferior Cimi of Furl 111/.«rH. Not one farmer in a hundred gives necessary attention to manure in the winter. Tho manure ia frozen and cannot bo handled. But u cellar is provided for other purposes to save perhaps, 820 worth of vegetables, while no provision of tho kind is intule for tho manure, worth ten tiinns as much. Kvory ton of manure made available in thu winter is worth $3, and every ton of compost added to it, of the right kind, is worth an equal sum. And every ton of nmmiro may ho mado tho " of two tons of good compost, worked upin tho field is to bo used in the spring and mado ready on tho ground for Jie crops for which it is provided. The neat engendered by tho fermentation of the manure and the compost _ will prevent Freeczing and keep the mass in active condition. This in u, seasonable work for tho winter to bo done when everything invites it and with half tho labor that will bo nocossury if it is postponed until the spring opens. llromU rrculuolnu JVfoiit. At this timo tho early lambs should receive tho greatest attention, as they are now being dropped, and if kept in full growth pay large profits. In some markets sales aro mado as early as February and March, lambs of forty pounds each aro bein<< bougt by proprietors of costly hotels and ref,tauranls;'butth«y are scarce at such times, and it does not pay to soil them if they are of choice breeds, as they will bo worth more later on. Tho early lamb is the orio that makes tho most rapid progress in growth, and not the one that is of u certain ajro. Lambs of the Shropshire or Oxford breed* will weigh about twelve pounds', at birth, mid when three months old can bo made to weigh seventy-five pounds with but littlo difficulty. In an experiment made in Illinois with twin lambs the male reached 101 pounds when 100 days old, and female 87 pounds, which Tlio MiiHUifoinont of Chlldron. llnrpiM-'N Itay.iir. If you would see a woman or a child giaceful, beautiful and charming you must Ihid one that is loved. Tho child dreads to bo corrected OK criticized for every word or movement never has a manner of elegance or an expression of charm. Kill your child's soul with an idea of good manners, of benevolence and bounty; teach it abstractedly lo dislike vulgarity, solfishnesK, rudeness, mid to fool that yon love and ad.uiro it, and expect churmiug maniiei'H, and the work IB accomplished, It is impossible for u slave to have any style. If you would have yoni^ child dig- nilied you must treat it with dignity! It is wrong to correct a child in public. Any in-oiid child fools degraded by it. It should bo .1 case of dire necessity when you find fault with a child before_ strangers, mid to destroy a child's pride is to do him an irreparable injury. Take udvan- tugoof some intimate hour when a parent and child are alone together, and then let the parent tenderly explain how tho child has bonaved ill tho day boforo^or that morning, and why tho child's uonuuct was wrong, and how it should have bohavod, and show tho child that tho parent ro- spools it and loves it and boliovoH in its capacity to do all good things. This will have ten times the effect of punishment when tho child is in a stato of oxcileinen 1 and the patent unusually angry. Gotiii thohubitol: explaining the reason of tiling to your child. Lit there bo ns littlo confusion in its mind us possible. Above all keep the fact of your lovo uppermost in the child's mind audit", it understand that you have no wish to domineer ovor it, only that being older ami wiser and loving tho child so much, you would save it from its experience, that this is your duty, that you arts teaching it to bo its own master. If your child in crass do not punish him. but distract his mind from tho subject that annoys him. If ho continues to bo cross suspect his stomach, and assure yourself that this is in perfect order, a troubled digestion is the root of bad manners. " TIIK ICrrOUKN. 1.1CMON CANDY. Tow spoonfuls of white sugar, one cupful of water, half cupful of vinegar. Boil quickly. Flavor with lemon before pouring from the pan. JIONKY OAK US, Four cups ot extracted honey, one cup of butter, two teaspoonfulB of baking powder and Hour added by degrees to make a stiff paste; \york well together, roll out, half an inch thick, cut into cakes mid bake in u-quick oven. Soo that they do not burn. , CKl.KltY HTAIjKS. Cut into small bits, and use for flavoring soups, broth, etc. Put the loaves intc a pan or a dish, and place in the oven, When dry, crumble them, and place away in a wide-mouthed bottle, and keep closely covered. This will bo found good for flavoring soups when celery is out of the market. M'vuy articles of brass may be kept bright and free from tarnish if you will cover them with a thin coat of varnish nuul'j of shellac and alcohol-which may be procured at any drug store. of the ghost-clerk was seen afterwaid, and though exact pictures of him appeared m every-window in the drug-shop building Some of these pictures, which much resemble sand-blast work, faded in a few *w v^- „..,,— .> , • . months, but two of them .in an attic window I proves that it is at least possible though not where the clerk lived prior to death, wore plain to be Been up to the time the building was destroyed by fire in 1741. No explanation of these mysterious shadows has ever been given. • Ke-»ubmit tlio QuuiiUou. BISMARCK, N. D., Feb. 11.—The democrats and anti-prohibitionists secured the passage of a bill for the re-submission of the prohibition amend Daent by a bare majority. often attained. A breed intended for producing meat, whether in the shape of boot', pork, mutton or lamb, should be selected for that purpose exclusively. Breeds are now separated and classified according to their merits and special characteristic* for tho accomplishment of certain objects and success with any breed is made to duty in its particular Hue. Whe.a the early lainb is made an object of profit the breed should be one that excels in the size and rapidity of its growth Iron* Wrta. All AKHITUATK IN TIIK FUTUUK. Thu Uulldor*' Association Coiuus (o u SuiiHlUlo Agreement. NKW YOIIK, Feb. 11.— The national association of builders today considered ^he report of tho commission oil arbitration! advising and suggesting a plan for au amicable settlement of all differences that; may arise between employees and employers. . HIS JXOT MACE. The Swludlfc 'arts JJuukur Flooces 0,00* \ < t'l-iests, PAHIS, Fob.'11.—The real name of to* banker known as Muce, who dibappatwei; yesterday, is Beruan. Among the depositors were about 6,090 priests.

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