The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on February 18, 1891 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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Wednesday, February 18, 1891
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THE UPPER DBS MOtNES, ALGOKA* 1O^ A WjplSgSPAy, JlBHtJA&Y IB, 1891 .• ALQONA, IOWA AMONG the many nncedotoB of the lati Dr. Schliemann now going the roundi there is one of superior merit. Tho arche ologint wan lecturing at Assos. After the lecture a student approached him am pointed out nil error he had made. "Yoi are right, young man, you am right,' burst, forth the groat man, "and 1 will im 'mortalixc 3'9_ u _ (:m th£foot-note.'' THAT was a nervyBiiieidn at Niagara Falls a few days ago. A young man who had been loo familiar with Bacchus, ant injured his worldly prospects thereby, managed to throw himself from tho bridge leading to Goat Inland, although the of' fleer on duty tried to hold him. After (lie tremendous fall on the ice he had the desperate courage and force to crawl along tho frozen stream and slip ovor tho Falls into intornity. If that youth had put hall as much will-power into correcting hi faults and making his way in the worli ashodid into the task of killing himself, ho might have reached tho topmost rounti of HUCCCBB. TIIK recommendation of "assisted emigration" to Africa for tho colored people of this country,—such of thorn, wo sup pose, as will accept such assistance,—is again under discussion; this time with more likelihood of its receiving tho attention it deserves. Brought forward by tho London Times, it is taken up by the paper* ol this country; and it is advocated bv some, at least, as tho true solution of a race problem which grows more stupendous and difficult with every passing year. Tho element of proposed government "assistance" in tho proposal as it now stands, is perhaps likely lo gain for it on tho part of tho colored people themselves a more favorable consideration than heretofore. The very different opportunities afforded in tho Congo Free State, from what was tho case in Liberia, must also oncourairo the measure as proposed. There is, perhaps, no good reason why return to tho land of his fathers should not bo welcomed by tint American negro with enthusiasm. TOLSTOI AND AGKlCUr/L'UUU. The doctrines of Tolstoi are undoubtedly making an impression upon tho popular thought. The later books of this almost unique thinker have ronched an enormous circulation in all civilized countries, and it would bo strange if they failed to make many converts to tho Tolstoian theories. One of the outcomes of tho Russian's reasoning about the vanity of earthly greatness and tho perniciousness of what we cal I civilization, is the belief that every able- bodied man should labor with his own hands, and "in the sweat of his brow" to produce his own living direct from the soil, Tolstoi dignifies agriculture above all other means of getting a living, and would have the artificial employments abandoned. "Back to tho land," is tho cry of his followers. Accordingly the count himself goes daily to tho fields and works with the peasants holding the plough and wielding the hoe and the hayfork. If Tolstian ideas continue lo gain ground wo may hope to see agriculture looked upon •with more favor, and the unhealthy rush to tho cities in a measure choaked. Perhaps Tolstoi'a disciples may yot solve tho problem of Now England's deserted farms; who knows? DECISION IN TII1C K10AN CASK. TUB decision redored by Judge Scales, of the Cook county court, in the case of S. A. Kean & Co., Tuesday, is highly important in its immediate practical bearing and on general principles. Tho point raised was tho dopo? whose deposits had been made with thirty days of tho failure wore entitled to a preference in tho settlement. This singular claim was based mainly upon the law which makes the receiving of deposits by banks any time during tho thirty days immediately prior to tho failure jf tho bank presumptive evidence of fraud. Tho law itself is a self-evident absurdity. The moment a bank ceases to take deposits it ceases to do business as a bank, and in effect servos notice on the public that it has gone from banking to bankruptcy. No other inter- pretaton could bo put on tho matter. To make use of tho statute to create a pro- forerenco among creditors would ho a palpable perversion. The only excuse for the act at all is that it mny bo a good idea to deprive an insolvent banker of tho presumption of innocence, and throw upon him the responsibility of proving that ho had not boon getting money under false pretense. Such a reversal of tho common rule is justified by the peculiar fiduciary nature of tho business, and tho fixing of an arbitrary date simply puts tho matter in shape. An appeal has been taken, but it is not expected to be pushed. Tho prospect is that tho thirty-day depositors will join with the rest in accepting tho compromise offered by Mr. Ku.ui's friends, 85 cents on tho dollar. His wife turns in real estate not legally liable for tho bank's debts, but morally liable as, she believes, making, it is thought, 15 per cent, more', or 50 per cent in all. If the creditors get that much they may well feol much as St, Paul said he did whei! he saw the sig-i. ol threo taverns. It is the common experience of creditors that prompt Bettlomcnts on what seems a liberable basis of discount is preferable to a delayed settlement The first otter is generally tho best., and the generous creditor generally comtw out ahead of the Gradgriud who is beut on squeeze uut 1 ho last cent. Tii>io seems to be a powerful factor in tho bluiiikage of assets in tho insolvency. LATEST NEWS CONDENSED GENERAL NOTES. liovi) HnoTrmnB, drygoo&H dealers o Toronto, have failed for 8100,000. STOCKS of wbenl in northwestern elo valors nt Chicago, lit o estimated at 22,397,887 bushels. TIIK house on Tuesday passed n lull nr oprialing 350,000 for Orcfr™ 1 - — '"'••' pro nt the wood's fair. )rogon's exhibit JAMKB IlKm'ATJi. the American jour nalist and Irish nationalist, died in New York Tuesday morning. TIIK Rotln fountain men have form ed a combine with a capital stock of 82, 760,000. Kx-ClllEK JUB'rton JOHN Al'l'liHTON died Saturday, aged 87. TIIK annual carnival nnrJ mardi-grai festivities were begun in New Orleani Friday. SBVEIIAI. gambling houses at Ashlam were, Wednesday night, raided by th police. THOMAS LOWHY, of Minnesota, iB being urged as a successor for the late Sccrctar; of the Treasury Windom. THE excitement over the gold discovery at Florissant, Colo., has been greatly in creased by an assay of dirt nhownig i yield of $10,000 a ton. AT Cortlandt, N. Y., ICx-Con gressman II. H. Duell died Wednesday, aged sixty- six years. THK Missouri court of appeals ha,s decided that clubs cunnot sell liquor without a dramshop license. CHICAGO, St. Louis and New York cap Ualists luivo organized a company will $15,000,000 capital to control the San Miguel mining claims. AT Sacramento. Gal., on Tuesday the house passed a bill appropriating $300,00( for the California exhibit at the world's fair by a vote of 46 to 22. A iij.mAiiu and snowstorm is forcing the suspension of traffic in South Dakota Iowa and Minnesota. JACOII NUBBLY MoGuLT-oimii, vice- president of the Pennsylvania railroad ;lied yesterday at Pittsburg, leaving an estate worth 814,000,000. TIIK First Arkansas \ r alloy bank, o] Wichita, Kan., has suspended. The liabilities are 8125,000 and the estimated ussots are 8800,000. Jay Gould and C. P. Huntington wil unite under one management the Missouri Pacific iird the Southern Pacific railroads, which will control 7,000 miles of railway. TIIK election in.Canada will bocontestet m the issue of reciprocity with the Unitec States, the liberals advocating and the jonsorvatives opposing the policy. FOHMIGN. COUNT UK LKSSKI'S is suffering from in- flueimi. Rimcii HACKI Aim's eight-year old son :MG just died at London. Tine factions in the Irish ^homo-rule :wrty are as far as ever from harmony. (•iuATKMA ii\ and Honduras are said to lave formed an alliance against San Sal vador. TIIK French five and ten centime pieces ;iro hoaraftor to be coined with holes in ihem like Chinese curency. PHINCIC RAIJ/IWIM, is said to have lost ,000,000 marks at gaming tables of Berlin incl Potsdam. KINO HihMHOi/r has offered a title to Sig'nor G'rispi, but the honor was refused aid Crispi has reopened his law oilice. y M. STANLEY has decided to give ill the gifts he received from the crowned leads of. Europe, valued at $500,000, to aid jtoneral Booth's "Darkest England" icheme. A dANCi of bandits were captured by ho police of Havana, Cuba, after a l&ng mltle on land and sea. IT has boon discovered that the Belgian irmy is largely affected with socialism, md groat excitement prevails,. THE British steamer Thaneinore with i crew of thirty-four men and twelve cat Jomon on board, has been given up for ost. Tinusic thousand unemployed men marched into Toronto carrying a black lag with the inscription "Work -or Bread." As THE result of a duel fought with words at Pesth recently a lieutenant ot mssars was dangerously wounded by iaron Kallarss. IT is said that unheard-of cruelties ire practiced on the Jews in Russia by the uithoritios, with the knowledge and con- f the czar. KUMUKS arc current in regard to a treasonable plot discovered in Sofia. The jonspiracy is said to have for its object ho overthrow ' of Prince Ferdinand anil he members of his cabinet. Several ar- ostt have been made. Tun Liverpool, London and Globe and .ho Scottish Union two of the largest insurance companies in Groat Britain or the continent, with business interests in the United States and Canada, have nnted. A HKCWKK has .been issued under tlw luthority ot tho king of Italy forbidding my ono to emigrate under the age of twon- .y-four unless accompanied by the father if tho emigrant. This intended to put an ind to tho padrone traffic in children. AlKBsus. Dn,i,ON and O'Brien, landed it Falkstone, Eng., Thursday, from 'Vance, and wore immediately arrested >y the police. They will bo taken to Iro- and to serve tao sentence .of six months, iroiiounccd against them last year for al- eged unlawful agitation of the homo rule question. KIKES AND CASUALTIES. JosKi'ii LA COUNT, of Chipp&wa Falls, vas . fatally injured at a logging camp "jar Ithiuolandor, Wis. TIIK old Caso wagon company's buildup and contents worn destroyed by firo tlonday morning at Wonewoc. Two brakemou were killed by an acci- out on the Wabash, near St. Louis, Mo., 'ncsdiiy. AN old G. A. II. man named Herman, iving ou a homestead twenty miles from Ioughlon, M it'll., was found frown to cath in his cabin Tuesday night. It was not known how long he was dead. IT is reported that a largo iron steamer,'-' while being towed from Jersey Giiy. lip-', ped over onto the digs and sunk them, leu men are reported drowned. 1'iiK north bound passenger train on 1 burlijigton Cedar Rapids «fc Northern w 1 1m « as derailed neur Raiululia, lowu, Monday afternoon. Three curs went down the embankment. /' FIEE Thursday morning in the business portion of Aurora, III,, caused damage to the extent of $105,000. BY an explosion of natural gas at LaFayette, Ind., Thursday morning, four persons were injured, two fatally. AT Savannah. Ga., news was received Saturday night of the explosion of a boiler in Files' saw mill, near Reedsville, killing six men, four colored and two white. BY an explosion of gas in the Simson & ' i EXCITING HUNTING SCENES I Two Hnge Elephants Engage in a Terrible Pig-lit and the disastrous Result. mine at Wyoming, Pa , Saturday evening, Nat Cane and Chas. Kirk were killed and Wrn. HOBS and Luther Mitchell were fatally injured. A naked miner lamp caused the explosion. JOHN TiKiiNEY, until recently n south side saloonkeeper at Chicago was accidentally shot and instantly killed by Michael Cashin Tuesday morning. ArMahoning City, Pa., Tuesday morn ing while a number of school children congregated about the ruins of the New Boston Breaker, that burned Monday nk'ht, ttie chimney fell over, killing one and i..- juring two other children. CHIME. THIEVES stole a gold wa';eh and SCO from Mr. Tanner, of Portage Wis. MIBH COUI.INE TAYi.onof Indianapolis' who shot her mint, is said to have become insane over I ho study of theosophy. G. W., 0. 13. arid T. A. Delamo'ter, the alleged Mendyillr.', Pa., bank wreckers, have been indicted for embezzlement. AT Columbus, Kan., on Monday, Louis. S. Ilolsey, of Arizona, shot and dangerously wounded his wife and then fatally shot himself. He died in a few minutes. A jtijituijAUY at the wholesale notion house of Joseph A. Bigel & Co., of Cin cinnati, 0., is reported, where silks and velvets valued at 850,000 wore stolon. MUB. EMILY HAUDY, a poor womom of Chicago, who has been deserted by her husband, took her owr. life Tuesday night. HAKHY M. FLEHLINO borrowed much money, married a handsome girl, and stole watches at Chelsea, Mass., while pretending to be the son of President Bliss of the Boston &, Albany railroad. GEOUOE J. GIHSON, the secretary of the Whisky Trust, was arrested Wednesday morning. Ho is charged with conspiring to blow up a Chicago distiller/ that is outside the trust, and with trying to bribe a government officer. AT Nashville, Tonn.,, the grand jury has returned true bills against John Morun, charging him with murder in the first degree, and* Miss Agnes Phillips as being an accessory to the murder of Miss Mamie Dpi an the adopted daughter of Moran, EMIOY A VERY, a prominer.t citizen of Cleveland, 0., has been arrested for stealing a watch from H. C. Spaulding, of Monroe, Mich., during the war, but A very says that by order of his colonel he took the watch from Spaulding, who had stolen it from a southerner. JOHN BIIOWN and C. H. Wyatt have DCtn accused for the murder of State Senator D. B. Gillham at Alton, last .March. Wyat has made a confession implicating Brown and a fellow named George Starkey. MHS. VANDEHVEII, who was arrested some days ago at Poplar Bluff, Mo., charged with murdering her husband, has made a confession that one Marion Long shot her husband, and that it. was a plot between them. "WASHINGTON? _'THK federal senate has passed the pension appropriation bill. CONQHEBBMAN ELAND'S free-coinage amendment to the sundry civil appropriation bill was defeated in the house. SECIIETAKY OF WAII PHOCTOU was on Saturday in consultation with the delegation of Sioux Indians that recently went to Washington. PHESIDENT HAKKISON vetoed a bill for a $200,000 federal building at Dallas, Tex.; congress yesterday passed the bill over the veto, THKABUUY agents report that pirates are slaughtering seals in Alaska, and recommended that the department protect the rookeries in order to prevent the extermination of the animals. THE house of representatives on Tuesday passed over the president's veto the bill appropriating 8200,000 for the extension of. the public building at Dallas, Tex. CHIEF CI.EKK H. George, of the Ogden post office is charged with the embezzlement of [85,000, a registered package sent on January 10th hist from Sacramento, Cal., to Omaha. The money was recovered BY direction of the nresident, Col. W. J. Foray th, who was suspended by Gen. Miles for his conduct in the fight at Wounded Knee, was on Thursday restored to his command. This action was taken as a result of the investigation of the Wounded Knee fight. A KwrowT received at the state department from Mr. Dingley, special statstician of _ immigration, gave some interesting points as what Wisconsin has been receiving 7ii the past ten years as immigration from Germany that decidedly affects the character of the state, making it in fact more a German state tunn any other in the Union. IN congress on Friday Mr. Chandler said the expenses of the world's fair commission were extravagant, and Abner Taylor replied that congroes should either stand by the act or repeal it, and said Chicago wanted only to be let alone. THE treasury department has decided that tobacco imported and entered for purchase prior to Oct. 1, 1890, and now in bonded warehouse, is dutiable by weight nt the time of its withdrawal for consumption; also that seed wheat is dutiable and that mahogany and ebony imported "in the log, rough or hewn," is free of duty. The common council of Cincinnati, at the suggestion _ of the health officer, has passed an ordinance making it a misdemeanor to give public i-xhibitions of mesmerism and hypnotism. To bo Kubbeil of Huultli By a poetllontlul clluiute, lyfi vocation entailing iuil oxnoeuie, phynlcaf! overwork or Bodou- drudgery ut the doti!..;,- Is a hard lot, Yot i)i>n>oii8 originally possessed of a full' constitution buffer this deprivation before the iiiurldl- 111 of life In putmed. To any mid all vubjvct to i:umlllloMU Inimical to health, no purer or KIOTO i;;ro«i'j!i) preservative of the neatest o ( oarllily >lcL>btii»:u cuu ue recommended than llngtotlur'ijl llon.nch liilteru, which Inured the system to cll- niillo change, physical fatigue and mental uxlmun- .lon. It eradicates dynpeptilu, the buno of eedon- ary brain workers, pruservea and restores •I't'iihirlty of the bowels and liver, when disorder•d from any cause, annihilates fever and ujjue and u'uvents H, dievks the growth of a tendency tj 'heiimulltmi and (>out. and neutralizes the dungor o be apprehended from causes productive of ildney, liliukler and merino ailments. To b« •oiivlucodof the truth of theiio Blaiomtmts, It la inly necwsary lo glvo this sturliiig preparation ail iuiuarlW trial. The Hunter Wonld Rather Take His Cliances With an Elephant than a Mad Bull. Head Hunting llaids Organized and Heads Captured as a Protection Against Evil Spirits. "There are few more thrilling sights," said one of the veteran sportsmen at the campfire, "than an elephan fight. I don't mean a fight with an elephant, though that may be pretty thrilling to you, if you wound the brute without disnbling him, and he gets after you in the open. But I mean a fight between elephants." "I didn't know they ever fought," interrupted a novice in the jungle. "You would know it if you ever saw two tuskers' fairly at it," was the reply. "They don't often do it; uut when they do, it is a battle to the death. One day, in the hill country, 1 BHW such a combat. They were hard at it when I came in sight. They were on the hillside. One of them, a burly, stout built beast with short powerful tusks, was evidently get ting much the worse of the scrimmage, and the white nnd red furrows in his sides plainly indicated seams made by his antagonist's tusks. Blood was trickling drwn his head and shoulders. On the rise of the hill was his enemy, a still larger animal, pos essing the advantage of longer tusks It was a lost fight. In a few minutes the victor, with a quick rush at the other, made a good thrust at the side. There wai a severe struggle, but the tusk went its full lenght into the now beaten brute, and using all its weight the victor pressed him down the hill, where they disengaged themselves and prepared for another bout. The wounded tusker's roars of pain were pitiful to hear. H>! turned tail and sought safety in fight. But the other kept close behind and gave him thrust after thrust, but not in any vital part. Pretty soon they wheeled around, raced, and came together with a mighty smash. This was about the only stand made, and the beaten brute was quickly overpowered by the more powerful and fresher one. The tin ust now put behind the shoulders and into the body quickly disabled the poor brute, and in fact in a few minutes the combat was over. The conqueror with one rush cornpletly rolled his enemy over, and by repeated thrusts into the prostrate form finished the fight amid moaning and trumpeting. "I got some men arid went out next morning to look for the body and get the tusks. We found a big herd of elephants in an excited state almost, on the spot where the finish had occurred. In it were several email tuskers, besides the big conqueror of the evening before, who seemed to instil a great deal of fear into the youngsters. He came out into the open glade with a fine young female, and as he appoachsd there was a general stampede out of his way. We came on . the dead beast, which had been butted and rolled, it \vaspiledintoaclumpofbamboos. It had been a fine, burly animal, but was marked from forehead to rear and top to foot by rips and cuts. He measured 9 feet 6 inches at the shoulder and the tusks proved slightly ove_r 100 pounds the pair. The victor, which in the fight appeared to tower over his foe, must have been quite ten feet high, and had the longest tusks I have ever seen clear of their sockets. 1 tried to get him, but what with his harem about him and the difficulty of getting a clear view in the long grass I failed to get a shot." "I don't know, though" *aid an old hunter, who had been in Africa, ''but that I would rather take my'chances with an elephant than with a real mad buffalo. There is no more savage brute, and none more indomitable and persistent in his wrath. It is not that they are swifter or stronger or that their horns are a more deadly weapon. But they display pertinacity of spite which makes them exceedingly formidable. Let a lion miss its first spring and it will turn away—unless ravenously hungry—in disappointment and disgust from his intended victim. Let a rhinoceros be wounded and unless hemmed in by foes, he will make for the water. But the wounded buffalo sticks to his enemy, and has be_en known to watch under a tree for days in the hope of securing revenge upon the hunter who had climbed up it to escape his fury. The natives have a special plan of their own for capturing them. They used to select the special bull they _wanted to kill and entice or drive it ironi its companions. Two or three of them would engage the animal's attention in front, leaping nimbly to one side to avoid his furious charges, while another hunter undertook the . risky job of creeping up behind and hamstringing the beast. They were geneaally successful, but. many lives were lost every year in buffalo hunting, and the natives themselves consider it the most dangerous quadruped in the forest." "But von must go up through the Shan country," said a soldier of the British-Burman army, "to find the greatest hunting in the world. Go up to Lawa." "What do they hunt up there?" "Heads!" "What kind of heads?" "Human heads, to be sure. They want them to drive the devil away. In every Lawa village there must be a skull for every house. They are stuck on posts along the roadside, and a cheerful-looking avsnue they jiaake They organize regular head-hunting raids every year. Whenever a Lawa man meets a stranger, sspecially near his own village, he goes for bis head. If he failed to do so his neighbors would go for his own head when he got home again. They would regard him as lacking in public spirit and enterprise. If there is an unusual dearth of other people's heads, or a new villiiigo has to be protected at any cost, the wild Lawns do iiot hesitate to cut of the head of the tame Lawns. Peaceful traders who penetrate elsewhere with their merehandia! give a wide berth wh^ii they approach the Lawa country. Still 1 must say that apart from this ono weakness for head-collecting, the Lawns are said to bean industrious, hardworking, honest race, and very seldom steal anything, even when they have cut off the lioads of overyboJy in tho village. And they only cut oft' heads, as 1 Jiavo said, lo protect themselves from evil spirits." "Even that is scarcely as bad," said another, "as the blood feuds they have in the AMdi country. There was one man there, named Fai/, Talab Khan, who won the hatred of certain chieftains, who planned hi« murder. A good man named Mn- hamad Tar, a Nasiri Chilzii, who had murdered some nineteen or twenty persons by treachery, was found willing to undertake the business, if he was paid the sum of 1,100 rupees and a shawl. This being agreed to, he left the Jelallabad Valley and started for the Khyber. A friend of Faiz Talab Khan's, bein,? informed of the plot, wrote to him and gave all details as to the appearance of the man who had consented to murder him for a consideration. Strange to stale, Mujhamad Yar appeared at Faiz Talab Khan's gate and claimed shelter and hospitality, just as the letter arrived warning Faiz Talab againstj his assassin. The letter was carefully read, and the descriptive roll conned, compared and found lo suit the man who had just claimed shelter Faiz Talab's retainers! were for killing the man at once, or, at nil events, turning him away for good; but their master would not hear of it, and after carefuly searching the man to find out whether he had any arms concealed about his parson, he was allowed to enter the fort,.Faiz Talab declared that they could not murder their own guest or turn away from their doors a hungry man who had solieitnted their hospitality. The man was most carefully searched every morning, and was told that he was never to leave the inclosure, or as cend the platform on the tower, from whence ho could get down into tho open, and he was warned shat if he was.ever seen he would be killed at once. "For thirteen days this game went on without any dammage to any oue. However a mullah who thought Faiz Talab's sons were bribed, and through him a pistol was conveyed to Muhamd Yar, and a date fixed for him to make the attempt on Faiz Talab Khan. On the fourteenth night of this strange guest in his fort Faiz Talab was roused and heard a man iivmnp about the platform of the tower,, and asked who it was. Muhaumd Yar said it was he, and that being very thirsty he was searching for some water. Faiz Talab Khen got up, and as he went to the man and bent down to fill a cup of water, ho was shot in tho back by his treacherous guest, who used the pistol, and climbed down the wall, was soon under the shelter of Feroz Khan's roof, and from henco he soon fled to Jalnllnbak and ultimately towaikCabul. He was captured and the news sent to Bostan Khan, brother to Faiz Talab Kahn, who proceeded at once to Cabul. The murderer was atone handed over to Bostan Khan, who took him outside the city and cut him to pieces." I..ARGJS SHIPS OF THE ANCIENTS. The UjjyptluiiH Built VosHels as Bl|> as Our Ocean KIICCTH. We moderns are justly proud of the wonderful and magnificent specimens of naval architecture that crowd the great ports of the world. If there is anything now under the sun, a first-class ocean steamer, it is believed, is that rarity. In our conceit we recall only the galleys and triremes of the ancients, that scarce ever ventured beyond the coast line, and the small barks in which Columbus and those that followed him cqnqured tho new world and gave commerce its greatest field. But the ancients built many goodly sized craf I and made luxury a study on some of them. T. at much controverted craft, the ark, is an example of bigness. Her tonnage is estimated at about fifteen thousand tons, smaller, it is true, than that of the Great Eastern. -No less an authority than Lindfiday thinks that s he was simply a raft of stupendous size, having upon it n, structure resembling a largo warehouse. As no means of propulsion was necessarv, this description may be correct. The cargo, howover, was unique, and probably the largest and most valuable ever'carried. The description of the nrk, as given in the Scriptures, makes the vessel about 450 feet in lengch, 75 feet in breadth, and 25 feet in depth, proportions similar to those now in use to-day for great vessels. But as the agnostic is not sure that this lifeboat af the human race ever existed, and as the materialist is sure she never was built, let us take for example of big ancient vessels some other craft vouched for upon the authority of profane and not sacred -.vriters. The Egyptians, fond of large things and big dimensions, made the big tonnage vessels of ancient times. Ptolemy (Philopator) would have appreciated the Great Eastern. Ho was fond of building big boats. One of these is said to have been 420 feet long, 57 feet broad and 72 feet deep from the highest point of the stern. This vessel had four rudders, or what some would call steering oars, as they were not fastened, each 45 feet long. She carried 4,000 rowers, besides 8,000 marines, a large body of servants under her decks, and stores and provisions. Her oars were 57 feet long, and the handles wore weighted with lead. There were 2,000 rowers on a side, and it is supposed that these were divided into banks. That this extraordinary vessel ever put to sen is doubted, but that she was launched and used ac times, if only for display, several historians are agreed, Another "ship," the Thalamegus, built for one of the Ptolemies, is said to hav been 800 feet long, 49 feet broad and 60 teet deep. This was a far more magnificent vessel than any previous one. An Alexandrian historian, Catlixenus, in describing her, speaks of her having colonnades, marble stairs and' gardens. Another great vessel, historical by reason of its size, is one built by Hiero, king of Syracuse. HIT dimensions are estimated to bn large, froiu theldescription of her cargo and tho number of her decks and houses. She is supposed to have been sheathed with lead, and accomplished at least one successful voyagj?. A full description of her would read somewhat like that of one of our Long Islil'l Sound or Hudson River steam boats. :She had three entrances, the lowest lending to the hold, the second, to the oatin? rooms and the third appropriated to the soldiers. There were thirty rooms, each having four couches, for the soldiers; there were fifteen couches in the sailors' supper room, and there were three more cabins, each having three couches. The floors of all the rooms were laid in stone mosaic work. There was also a tern • .>le of cypress inlaid with ivory and dedicated to Venus, The main mast was composed of a single tree, and the vessel carried four wooden and eight iron anchors. As a freight carrier she would rival the argest of our ocean tramps. It is recorded ;hat one or two of the launches belonging ;o her would carry about eighty tons. This vessel is said to have carried "00,000 measures of corn, 10,000 jars of Sicilian salt fish, 20,000 talents' weight of wool, and of oth'u- c.iriro 20,000 talents, all of which was in addition to tho provision required for I lie crew." These are the notably bitr vessels of ancient times, but the supposition is that as rulers, whether king or people, were as emulous iu those days as these, other big craft were also built. From the foregiing description. the thought is suggested that the first de»>' sigTlers of our own river steamboats have heard of the Egyption and Syrac vessels, and taken a hint from them _^ building floating palaces.— Maritime Register. Nap .Icon's Attitafle Toward Klngn. The Centnry. [Napoeleon was on his way to the Erfurt conference and directed all the details of n. splendid occasion. Talleyrand quotes from Napoleon's conversation with M. de RemusatJ "It strikes me," he said, "we have very grand names; I must Have some; the truth is that they alone can make a good figure at court. In justice to the French nobility, we must allow that 'it is admirable for that." "Sire, you haveM. de Montesquieu. ' "Good!" " Prince Sapielm." "Not bad!" "T think two will be sufficient. _The journey being a short one, your majesty can always have them in attendance." "Quite so. And now, Remtisat, I must have one performance every day. Send for Dazincourt; he is the manager; is he ''He is. Sire." "I want to astonish Germany with my magnificence." "it is, no doubt, your majesty's intention to invite a few great personages to Erfurt; and time presses." "One of Eugene's aides-de-camp starts this very day, replied the emperor. "We . might let him know the proper thing to hint to his father-in-law (the king of Bavaria); and if one of the kings come, they will all want to come. Then a*gain — "he' added, "no, we must not make use Eugene for that; Eugene is not cl enough, for' what I want but he is not srool V, at hinting. Talleyrand is better; the more so" — and here he laughed — "as he will pose as my critic, and declare that I ,. shall feel gratified by the kings' coining. •••''•" It will ..be my business, aiterwards, to show that I was absolutely indifferent in the matter, and then they were really more in my way than otherwise." PKOGRESSIVE TAXATION. How tho Schema is Worked ill Switzerland. : Harper's Weekly. Almost the first difficulty that besets a people trying to govern for themselves is tho question of revenue. Where is the money to come from ? Taxes, the bugbear of all nations, alst> puzzle the Swiss. His method of raising them in some of the cantons is alike interesting and novel. No official assessment is made of property.- Blanks are distributed to every house, to be filled in by its occupants. The system is known as the "progressive" tax scale. A, who owns 84,000 worth of property, pays taxes only on half of it; B, who owns 825,000 worth, pays taxes on eight-tenths of it; while C, with his 8100,000 worth of property, pays taxes on the whole. The result is that C pays not the proportional 25 times the amount of A's taxes, but 50 times as 'much. The income tax is managed after a similar fashion. The rich pay out of all proportion to the poorer classes. They probably would not change places with the poor, however, even to save wha^ they decry as unjust taxation. The plan is not always a popular one. Leaving every man to assess him^elE has the dis-.. advantage that the rich, with stocks arid bonds, sometimes do nofrnake return of them. When,a rich Swiss dies, however, the government control of his estate quickly makes amends for his misdeeds' in the way of assessments, and every penny of his tax_es held back is^now deducted, together with compound interest and fines. Husband Your Adjectives. • . "Is the sala d nice, dear?" "Lovely! perfectly suberb! and yours?" "Heavenly!" These were the words that met my ear in a restaurant to-day, as I looked at the ' two enthusists I tried to imagine' what their speech would he, for instance, were they looking on Lake Como in a silver moonrioe, or upon the shimmer of a sunrise-tinted sea, or upon a flock of ruby clouds driven by a lazy wind across a daffodil sky, or upon Mont Blanc with a storm flag unfurled from its hoary battlements, and purple in the shadows of des- ' cending night. If a salad is •' 'lovely, ' ' if a compound of bard-boiled eggs and oil, with a dash of pepper andja pinch of eoi- ery, is "grand,"' what is left for nature? What can be said in behalf of heroism, courage, faithfulness and lov^? A Comforting Reflection, Pat wanted a position under the government and on being told that he must be prepared to pass; a civil service examina- nation, applied himself faithfully to -the necessary preparation. Some time later his^ ambition for public preferment seemed to have deserted him, "What is the matter, Pat?" asketMiia_ former employer. s "Couldn't you pat the examination?" "I could that," he replied. "I anewered every question on the paper. Bat," he added, his native wit coming to his rescue, "I guess they thought I knew too much to be wastin' me time washin' windes. Keeping His Credit Good. Detroit Free Press . Littleshort — Let me have 810 this morning, will you, Wally? \Vally (hand over an XJ— Yes, but— Littleshort (hands it back)— There, that pay up for_the one I had last year. I try and make it a point not to let these things run 4oo long. auntie laud His Publisher. Welsh, the musical publisher of Renaldo, made £1,500 by publishing the airs of the opera, and Handel, who possessed a considerable vein of dry humor, renrirked on this, "My dear sir, as it is only right that we should ' be upon a equal footing. You shall compose the next opera, and I will sell it. "_ _ The crawfish are so numerous at Ra,- nios, St. Mary parish, La., that they stopped a train there recently by crawling on the tracks. CyEiu I'EOJII'ILU- AND PERMANENTLY . 3.3'oothadmij? |f tA Soro Throat, Bwu!I£ugo, S C3 ' — —** ,*.»»»^tt.w| Ki^t ^.-itl^U, 4.' i (J» '* —J IM" A &~x» J&. A £^i 0j? Sj»raius, jQrulsoH, lUira^, ScalUs IH? trlARLES A "^EuITcO.. Qaiuw^

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