The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on February 11, 1891 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, February 11, 1891
Page 3
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; v . 4 . .*_ V T -y 7.-s - j -, ;i «- ._, , ^ , ' ••*/-• •'"'""• '• • •"" - ' • •-•••' Tfi fe Wt*ft BBS MOtNES. ALGOftA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY. FfiBRtJAftY It, 1891. Bt MARTE SABAB BHIOHAM. if S>-l >, " - 1»« Y. "He'S*ft fierce poking fellow," said the duke, as we stood looking down at him. He was constantly tramping bock and fotth, 09 th6ugh chafing under his conflue- taent. "They are savage beasts,", continued the duke, "and very daugerous. I was with a fiarty once that were exploring some of the taountttin gorges in Colorado. Just as we •yere leaving QUO of the long defiles. We heard a noise behind us. Looking round we saw a huge grizzly seated on bis haunches. One of our p"arty flred fit'the B beast. For a nioment he seemed dazed, then. Uttering a most terrific growl be sprang forward, bringing down the man who had fired at hiui. We realized in an 1 instant that it was death to our comrade or the bear. Every one of our party leveled his weapon at the head of the furious beast. Fortunately for the man the bear rolled over in mortal agony. The flesh was torn from the poor man's arm and lie was frightened almost to death, That was my first acquaintance with his majesty, tho grizzly bear. I never want to meet another, unless be is in close confinement or under marching orders." We visited one den or cage after another, until we bad seen all the animals on exhibition. We enjoyed a ride on the littlo lakes passing under artistic bridges, and through long straits bordered by beautiful flowers. , At last we found ourselves at the artesian well. We saw the wondrous fount tr\>m which flows the supply of water for it lie lakes, rivulets and fountains of the :v Tho artistic skill displayed in making }f alls and fountains, lakes and rivers, caVes and mounds is wonderful! '.This morning," said the duke as wo if t the Palmer House, "we arc going out in business." . What is tho nature of the business, if I may ask?" "Real estate," answered the duke. "You aro to go with'me and see bow business is conducted in America." We soon saw a sign indicating tho placo wo sought. On entering, tho duko began at ouce to ask questions and examine maps. » ; "How do you get possession of so'much land for sale?" asked tho duko, after being Bhown an, immense quantity in nearly every county iu the state, it seemed to me. "A great many farmers mortgage their lauds, and failing to pay when due, we buy the lands," said tlie agent; "or they place their farms in our hands to sell, to raise money to meet the mortgages, hoping to save something in that way." "What do you do with tho lands you hold before you get a buyer?" asked tn e duke. • "There are always plenty of men who want to rent. Wo get good terms. We often rent to the former owners. They make good, tenants," said the agent. "Then you arc sure there will be no trouble in getting good tenants if I should buy the lands wo have been talking of." "None at all. Thero are more tenants than farms, and you can make your own terms," said the agent, eager for a sale. "Then, if agreeable, we will go and take a look at some of your best bargains," said 'thosmke.''-..-"' . '.•.,'•.',. Very soon we were at tbo depot ready to start, We went south from Chicago. The green landscape was dotted with happy homes. Littlo villages nestled in the valleys, and prosperity seemed to reign supreme. Well-filled corn cribs attracted our attention. Wo passed the Joliet prison and saw some of the unfortunate beings at work in ("he stone quarry near by t , We were delighted with tlie country. The great, fields of wheat and corn, the beautiful rivers, bordered with good timber, and the delightful climate were perfectly fascinating. "What a contrast! I have not needed my umbrella once since I came into Illinois. In London and Ireland it would have been in constant demand. Yet tlie fleld§, of growing grain are in fine condition. I think it must rain when wo are asleep, to keep the earth looking so fresh and green." We left the cars at the little station and soon were riding over roads in the most perfect condition. We called at one place where there was quite a comfortable house and barn. "This is'.me of the farms I mentioned," Baid the agent. While the duke and the agent were walking about talking business, I interviewed an old man wbo hod beon cultivat- •ingthe corn. "Sir," I asked, "can you tell me how this land came to be in the market?" "Yes, sir," said he,.^"this was once my borne. I came her*. u ; om Ohio when laud was cheap. I bought this hundred and sixty aei'es of land, paid part down, and gave a mortgage for the balance. I put on improvements as fast as 1 could. I worked my fafi»t carefully, and for a few years everything went well. Then times became hard, crops ,wero not good, and wbat I could sell brought a very low price. But good crops or poor, good times or bad, the interest on the mortgage kept growing all the time, Wo began to live moro carefully; wife would make ono hundred doliara do the work of three in living and clothing. We kept less help and worked early and late, but to no purpose. The time came when the, mortgage was due, and the interest had accumulated until it ate up all there was over the mortgage. Then the place was sold. Now, hero I am a tenant where I liopecUto be the owner." "Where.,do you place the blame of your nrifortimiffe circumstances?" "The scarcity of money is tho first cause. That makes hard times. I can raise just as much wheat to the acre when it brings one dollar per bushel as when it brings fifty cents. With the dollar I can meet my obligations.. With half a dollar I must raise twice as much grain, or fail, Tho price of wheat indicates, I think I may safely say, the rise and fall of money. Low prices make good times for money loanors ^and bankers ( who are willing to secure themselves by a mortgage on our real estate, and help us by loaning money at the moderate rates of from one, two, or oven three per cent per month, if the men whose only business is to deal in the circulating medium of the country are permitted to increase or decrease the quantity us they please, they have the advantage over tbo laboring and producing classas. "•fyen farmers are in debt, and money all Jroffl time growing scarcer, there is no hope wee*^ to sacrifice their homes for much less pan their real value. Large tracts of land f putf being obtained by speculators in this .* u nnrl liolrl nf. mnHovnfrt Yivtrtna IHtia the boui y, and held at moderate prices. This upts rich foreigners to invest large sums money here. They are willing to wait tho time when they can realize good 'Wbats on their investments, while, Jn the meantime tney secure a rfooa income by leasing their lands to tenants." "Yon seem familiar with the important topics of. your country," I said. "Yes, Sir," he replied. "I am a member of the 'Farmer's Alliance Club'; that keeps us posfed on.all that concerns us as I farmers." j "Then you are opposed to foreigners ' coming here ami buying lands?" t asked. ! "I am. Wo have no lands for people : who only care to bleed us!" he said vohe-1 roehtly. "Any man that wants a home and will come hero and live on tho lands he buys, 1 am ready to welcome." "You have.large land monopolies among your own people," I said. "We have, I am sorry to say. But our motto should bi, 'No American land monopoly /either foreign or domestic!" CHAPTER XIII.—TEXAXTHY IS AMERICA. The day following the one on which the duke finished his purchase he said to rue: "Now, Waverland, we will visit Lord Sanders 1 estate and sec how his tenants feel on the landlord subject." "To which of Ins estates shall we go?" 1 asked. "To tho nearest oho. It will only take, a few hours to reach it." The morning was bright. A gentle shower had fallen In tho night. Everything seemed rejoicing in tho warm sunshine. We passed out from tho buzz and bustle of tho noisy city Into the calm, cool air of tho country. We saw largo herds of horses and cattle lazily feeding in great pastures, under the shade of oak, elm nnd maple trees. Wo passed through a country that lay before us like an immense map marked off by different shades of green, vast corn fields with their deep rich green, wheat and oat fields shaded to a bright tint. On, on we sped, past large farm bouses surrounded by orchards full of growing fruit, great red barns that told of care and comfort, towering wind mills that could rival the imaginary giants of Don Quixote; full corn cribs laden with the golden ears, past villages tall of business, fine churches, largo school lumses, cozy dwellings and substantial stores. Commerce, culture, society and religion were all provided for in • response 1 to tho needs and industry of man. Then came a change—littlo rough shanties, straw burns, and rail cribs without corn. Wo entered a littlo tumble-down village without church or school-house. There, the conductor told us, was the place our tickets called for. "Aro we still in America?" I asked, "This seems more liko Ireland and a tenant village." "It is a tenant-village," said tho duke, as wo walked from the steps of tho old, rickety depot. "Can ifc be that tenantry has been so long in America as to havo caused its loathsome form to cover this fair land?" "Now, Waverland, I did not corno to bear you preach. I came to sec tho chances of success with American tenants," said the duke, as we crossed to a little, low, wooden shanty with 0110 window, a door and'n hole in thereof for the .stovepipe to pass through. The duke knocked at the door and a woman about thirty opened it. I was surprised at the neat appearance of the interior of the cabin. The coiling and tho walls of the room had been papei'ed with newspapers and looked clean. The woman was bright, intelligent looking:, and neat iu a simple gown. She had bteeu washing and a little boy was putting cobs, picked from the pig pen, into tho stove to make the kettle boil. A bed in one; corner of tho room looked neat and clean. There were three or four shelves, made by a running cord through small holes in each side of the boards and hold in placo by a knot on tho under side, full of books. I saw Emerson's proso works, Dickens' stories, "Uncle Tom's Cabin," and a good many other good friends in that little rough shanty. When wo had taken the'seats she had offered us, (two old wooden chairs, which, with a rough deal table, completed the inventory o£ the household furniture,) the duko asked: "Ars you living on one of Lord Sanders' farms?" "Yes, sir," said the woman, "wo rein, from his agent." "Do you make a comfortable" living?" i asked. "Not very comfortable, though we never suffer," said the woman, with a peculiar look in her dark eyes. "If we could choose our own time for selling our grain we could do better. There comes my hus- ban'd," she said, "he can tell you better than I about the place." A large, fine looking man drove near tlie shanty with a team and cultivator. We bade the woman good-day and wont to interview the farmer himself. "Have you been on this placo long?" asked the duke, after a few words o£ introduction. "Six years," said tlie man, "and I am as pcor to-day as when I came hero." "Why do you stay hero then, when lands are so cheap out west?" "You must know it costs a good deal to get a start even if lands are cheap. I had a brother who went west. He made himself a good farm with good comfortable buildings. He. had quite a start and was proud and happy in his new homo, that ho had made from tho wild prairie of the west. But he had taken lands that were afterward gobbled up by the railroad company. He lost all he had and came back here to rent. I keep hoping that by working a Httle earlier, a little later and a little harder, that I can £et a start here. . There is neighbor -Jones who has the same number of acres that I work," said the man, pointing across the road to where a neat little frame house stood, shaded by tall maple and cotton wood trees. "He Is making money every year, and has some comforts for his family besides. He is all the time making improvements. He has a nice young orchard, grape vines and small fruits that add to the comfort and value of his place. I came hero the same year that he bought there, I Work just as hard as he does, but I pan only raise enough to pay the taxes and the rent, and havo a little to live on." "Then you pay the taxes," said the duke. "Yes, sir," said the man," "I have the taxes to pay, though they are not half as high as Jones's are. Lord Sanders is rich and knows better than to improve his lands, and then we cannot even have a decent school to send our children to, bo- cause the agent will not permit us to vote as we please. Oh, he's a shrewd one, is that Lord Sanders. He knows he can get just as much rent for that old shanty wit« » few poles and a straw stack for a bam, as though he had good buildings." "What is the reason you cannot make as much as your neighbor?" I asked. "Are his crops better than yours?" "No, sir," said the man. "We raise bushel for bushel; we did lost year of both wheat and corn." "Then what is tao trouble?" asked the duke, "Well, sir, I can tell you the trouble. He could choose his own time for selling bis grain, and he received one dollar per bu<hel for his wheat And twenty-live cents a Vmsliel for his corn, t hiv.l t-> sell when Lord s..inih»rs' ns?ent demanded the rent, and ijnt s-'isty cents per bushel for my whcst ,'Ui.l (iftesm cor/s for corn. On the two run can see quite, n mnrgin for froe- ilonv y»-i KHm.i'jrni I nm bound under nu iron ci;i<! lease almost ns binding as a bill of sale used to be in slavery times!" "But you need not stay here if the terms do not suit you," remarked the duke. 'That's true. But here T have a shelter; my wife and child arc quite comfortable. If'I should lo/ivo here 1 might do even worse. Some of the tenants on Lord Sanders' estate have a terrible struggle to get along. Ono day last winter When tho thermometer was twenty degrees below Kara, I went to a tenant's house, and there they were boiling whole com to keep them from starving. Their flro was made of roots dug from the earth ten miles distant and brought home to burn to keep tbent from freezing. Oh, I could tell you tales of sufferings that would make your heart ache. IC there is any more sultering iu Ireland than right hero on Lord Sanders' estate, God pity thcml Hero tn this beautiful country where everything grows in abundance! I went round to the different families nnd gathered up provisions to keep ono family from starving to death." "What made the people so poor?" asked the duke. "Because they had to sell all they could raise to pay tho rent, that the greedy landlords may live iu case and luxury lu somo foreign city, where ho cannot see or hear of the misery ho causes. While the thrifty farmers, liko neighbor' Jones, who havo their own homes, must pay their own lawful taxes and a portion for my Lord Sanders beside." "Why man how do you make that out?" asked the duke. "Your neighbor hits improved his lands, while Lord Sanders bus not, that makes the difference." "That is just where tlio injustice comes in. If Lord Sanders had to pay taxes on that naked land and not on tho improvements, ho would soon bo \villing to sell some of his hundred thousand acres. But while ho can shirk out of the taxes and receives a good rent, bo will not sell any of his broad fields, though offered five times their real value." "You aro rather hard on tho land owner," said tho duke. "If you could carry your theory into practice you would make a fine mess of the finances of your country. It might bonclit the small farmers, but it would bo hard on the landlords who ht)ld large estates." "Well, sir, wo would be willing they should suffer a little. They luivo bled tho people long enough. Beside, tho lands of this country were intended for tlio many, not for tho few. I would like to sec tho man who owns tho lands live on them and use them himself, nnd not havo tlio power to grind tho life out of the unfortunate man who has not been blessed with rich relations, fat offices or lucky opportunities, by which he can buy or steal titles to lands that God made free as the air we breathe, for all to enjoy and use, not to monopolize and abuse." "Then you -ypuld make null and void all titlss to lands?" asked the duke. "As a means of wealth and speculation I would, but not as a means of life. I believe laws should be made, by which titles to lands would bo granted for use and occupation only. And that all taxes should be levied on land values, but nothing on improvements. Why, as it is now, there is a premium offered to tlie man who can bold tho most land and make tho least improvements. As it is now, if you build a house you are taxed for it. If yon plant a tree or shrub, or do anything to add beauty to your home, you must pay for the luxury in additional taxes. Lords Sanders knows how that is. Ho will not oven put a coat of paint on that old shanty or dig a well for fear of his taxes being heavier." "Are there many of your opinion iu this settlement?" asked the duke. "Yes, sir, nearly all the tenants and farmers generally believe as I do. But we tenants are not free to vote as we please. We must follow an unprincipled agent and vote with him or bo evicted. Talk about freedom and progress! Wo aro not free, but we belong to a class of serfs and slaves. Wo are slaves of the foreign landlord all because ho lias been allowed to invest Ids wealth in American soil. But il will not always bo so," said tho man with warmth. "Those foreign landlords," he continued, "think they are rifling an ass, but they may yet find tho beast to bo an enraged tigress instead. They cannot bind us body and soul forever. The Farmers Alliance clubs that meet in almost every county in this state and in tho United States aro putting new thoughts into oui heads and now impulses into our hearts, which inspire us with new hopes. If we only unite in our efforts' wo will yet crusb out this great laud monopoly and defeat tho foreign landlords. Tho Alliance sends good reading into tho tenants' homes and children will learn that tho greatest crime of tho nineteenth century is this alien landlordism! I say God bless tho Farmer's Alliance! And may he sond us wise law-givers so that just laws shall be enacted and fairly administered and human equality enjoyed. We want a government of tho people, by the people and for tho people!' Then wo can defeat tyranny at home and abroad. "We have no need to import landlordsl They are of no more use to us than a pack of wolves in a flock of sheep. They produce nothing. They do not even spend tho money they obtain from us in this country, but it goes to England or some other foreign nation. Why, Lord Sanders makes his boast that he receives from his tenants in America two hundred thousand dollars every year. Good day, gentlemen, I must goon with my work," said tlie man, starting for the field with his" team and cultivator. Wo visited five other tenant families that were living on Lord Sanders' estate. One was an Irishman, When the duke asked him if ho liked living in America, ho said: "Och, and it's bad luck to me that I iver came to America at all! for I am under the self-same old master as I was in Ireland! woe be to him! Ho evicted me there!" "What do you mean?" I asked. "Lord Sanders had hundreds of us turned out at once, like pigs in a stye; ye see ho wanted the land for cattle. But we jnado him sick of it, and be sold his land there and bought here. Bad luck to him! And I'm one of bis tenants again v I left Ireland and camo to free America' to get me a. borne!" Every tenant wo visited was discontented and eager for a change. But they did not dare to leave for feat they would not find another place us good. Hard as }t seemed and discontented as they were, they all realized that there were plenty ol i HIE FM AND HOIISEHOID Titts ouier (urn Wiuuiig to gin. etcn il culture im ', ft place. Nearly nil were hopeful that j times would sometime be better, and that • they could then make something for them-! selves. Some even thought that ft law might be ninite, whereby my lord would ' be forced to sell his land.*, nntl then they i expected n chance to purchase. They needed the. stimulus of hope. Want and ; Where doc? the *nmv-hlrd deep! discouragement was visible in every home Tho stormy winter'* nluht come* wo visited. The shanties and cabin^ were T!«i«* ««»<* the «.ow-knowi M -bettered plnco in clean us possible, yet the om> mom, summer and winter, must hold the whole family, whether few or many. These shanties were always cheap, rough and I Where tlciui snugly erocp. And, *atc nnd w«fm, It* (lusty pinion* fold? ' \\'he'r« doe* Ho hide HI* snow bird* from tlio cold f All day the dnrk winged Hock , .About my window, hoppli!);. chlrplnjt, corno unpaintcd. They were uniformly exposed i Acking ot Tinym n oeed.ii crumb to the chilling winds of winter or the broil H lM '" m Mf null "' m '' k ""' ti - ing sun, without the kindly shelter ot tree or shrub. As we left the littlo settlement, wltli only a few farmers wbo had any show of comfort 1 said: "I sco the snmc conditions hero that wo have In Ireland, except that hero we, find intelligent people who mako an effort (c improve themselves with Some hope of the future." "And," said the duke, "If the people nrf forming into 111110118 and clubs to work against us, we will soon find ourselves us the man .said, in n den of tigers instead ol among a benl of asses." "JJo you believe tho Irishman's story, thnt bo is working for the same landlord here that ho was under in Ireland! 1 " "It may bo true. Lord Sanders once owned the estate Sir Wren now owns in Irelaiul." "\Vhy, was ho the man Sir Wren told me bad three hundred tenant farmers evicted because bo wanted to make the whole estate into n tenant farm?" "I presume- l.J is tho man," said the duke. "Well, ho did not havo a very pleasant time o£ It. Sir Wren said that the enraged tenants would drive oft bis stock as fast as bo could buy it in spito of all the dogs anil agents he could procure." "That was bis reason for selling. He told me ho was very thankful for the change; thnt putting his money into property in America had added (IiuusiMuls ot dollars to bis wealth. It was through bis i good success that I was templed to put HO j much money Into lands iti tlio now West. I If the people arc beginning to think and inquire it may not bo so sat'o triu-ltug to cow-boy forco and barb wire-fences to bold these lands (is we were, thinking. In male Ing my last purchases I have had that in mind, and havo been very euro 1'ul' in getting bonn fide titles to tho lands 1 purchased. But here is another trouble that may annoy us as the farmer said, if they should establish a law to levy taxes on land values and not on improvements, it would .soon change our profits into losses. Yet it will bo a long time before that will come to pass. Only a few have thought o£ that yet, and tho people of this country liavo to bo educated into any change," said tho duko. "As I understand it, from thoso I havo talked with, the object of the Farmers 1 Alliance Club is to educate the common people on this very subject, The people, I mean the masses are being educated in the ono grand principle of equality. There aro unions, clubs and orders devoted entirely to tiiis subject. Tho people arc a power in this nation, when once thoroughly aroused. And," I continued, "wlten men liko these tenant farmers groaning under tlio injustice, of unfair rents and unjust taxes filially band together for mutual protection and just laws, they will create a force that even money cannot control!" - (To bo continued.) TJiiTT B AiiAi5Isi5~li < isir. A Bamlsomo Member of (lie Finny Tribe Found in China. The paradise fish, like the German cnna- ry, is a product of cultivation, as there is no place known where it is found in a wild state. It is a native of China. There they are cultivated and kept in aquaria as ornamental fish only. The male is the larger of the two sexes, measuring, when full grown, from the mouth to the end of the caudal .'in, three and a half inches. The body is shaped very much like that of tho pumpkin seed sunfisb. Its colors surpass in brilliancy any fish heretofoie cultivated i'or the aquarium. • The head is ashy gray, mottled wilh irregular dark spots, Tho gills aro azurine blue, bordered with brilliant_ crimson. The eyes are yellow and red wit ha black pupil. Tho sides of the body and the'cau- dal shaped fin, are deep crimson; the former having ten or twelve vertical blue stripes, while the latter is bordered with blue. The under surface of the body is continually changing color—sometimes it is white, at others gray or black The dorsal and anal fins aro remarkably large, hence the generic name of tho fish—, large; poclua, tho footer fin. Both fins are shaped alike, ''.'hoy aro striped and dotted with brown and bordered with bluo. The dull colored ventral fins are protected by a brilliant scarlet colored spine, extending three-fourths of an_ inch behind tho fins, Tho pectorals; situated directly above the ventral fins, are well shaped, but, being transparent, show no color. All these colors above described are most brilliant when the fish is excited. For instance, when engaged in combat for the possession of a female fiah, or when courting, he shows the most brilliant colors, in order to attract the^ttention of his lady love, she being especially fond of bright colors.—Hugo Mulerit, in Nature's Realm. . .„ fc . , ..,— e from Iho tplca 'Where Mimmor with perpetual vi'rrtnro smiles, \Vclcnn o, th-fO wanderers through tho wintor'n Florin, And fain vuniM Miare with them 1m shelter warm. \Vlthsmiill, latiitMiow. With twitter, mid wilh low pleasant litnn, llmi|;vy nnd nolti, nimble unit brave,they conic, SWCpt Wllll till' SltO«'altll% They (voile In il»> BIUIW.— They dniict' with 111" «h 10 fluke.", And every Bimill foot makes In HIP pure covorliiir It." ilti.v Irnek: While Miiri* ami spangies deck each Uttlft unck,— They frolii: In tlui snow That tails so thick), round O'er nil tin 1 frown ground: Untdolhn (juy onus.know •. Whore this froe/.lnj! night may hldo nwny, And all soenroly until morning s|ay» CloM.' to the (jl»!^< they creep, tn llM panes iliey poop, Holding slnmi!" Masonry wllh Tlnylii; And their enticing ways, And all their until, pla\sj Aro full In loiii!cn|i(lvo'i chnrnicd vlmv, They soo tho shadows full, And to i\'uh ollii'r oil). And Tlnylii replies and trios to RQ Out lo tfio hardy Itrood, Wlili whom ho shares hi* food, Mho Illllu dusky elves. Ihi'y haunt Iho snow, Kniiorlv, bin. In viuii llr Million lha piinn — Oh! CoollMi Illllu tilrd, whorn wotildst. Ilion fly! Thy ni'ct is suto nnd warm, Naught shall my KlnlK< harm, lint out In the cold MIOW hit i-oon would die. \\ hero do thn snow-hlrds sleep! Wlii'tt! does lie, safely U«ep Ills Iwrdv, luippy, littlo winter sprllon? 1 know tdelr !:annts liy day- ])ut svo—Iliov liili-!o nwny— When) doi'H Ho. ttholicr them thesu stormy nljihla? 'ITAHM NOTES. A cow in high condition may bn milked closer lo tho period of calving than ono reduced in (losh, aH ll:o fat cow is moro liable to milk fever. Over-feeding of cows that are dried oil is detrimental. 1)1,AOK TOOTH IN UOOH. The black tooth is a disoni-p that often iroublcH hugi*. 1'ho remedy in to examine tho tenth, nnd if ono is found blacker than tlie others pull it out, but tho tooth must under 110 circumstances bo broken off, as it will increase (lit sun".'ring. li'UICPINfl 1IUIKK1I8. The feed ins of heifers for HIP first year datcrmincH their value. It is easy to spoil the bet.t bred one by hifrh fcoilin^ or roiif.'h treatment. (Jra^H and roots, btilky_ food that has a tendency to enlarge the intestines 11*11(1 strengthen the (Iigc8tivo > organs, aro much better i'or heifers than, rich con- centratot.1 food. '1 he Black Spanish and, tho Minorca fowls Iny the largest of any breed. They greatly resemble ench other in many re- jpects, in tho Black Snanism, however, having a white face. For winter laying tho Le'ghorn docs well, if kept in a warm plncc. while tho Brahma, AVyandol.lo nnd i'lymouth Hocks are winter breeds. considered excellent Uow to Keep Milk Swoet. The souring of milk in thunder storms has just received a i-eientifiu explanation at'.he hands of: an Italian savant". Professor Tolomni. He has i'ouii'l that the passage of an electric current directly through milk, HO far from souring it, actually keeps ir sweet, so thiilit docs not turn until tlia sixth or ninth day; when, however, an electric current is passed over tho surface of milk it soon becomes sour, and tho professor attributes to the _ generation of o/.one, Bince tho souring: id uioro rapid when the current phases silently then when it is discharged explosively, moro 07.3110 being generated by the former than by latter method. Tho fact that tho souring of milk can ba retarded by so simple a procedure as tho passage of an electric current, may prove of practical value and eral fat-mer will hardly want to take so rmtch trouble. The value of poultry manure, <w of overy kind, is necessarily influenced by the quitlity of thfi foot!. Monf, .ind fiaa tend to make it rich, and fclso shorts, bran and cottonseed and linseed meal among 1 the grains, corn being deficient in Many elements. This probably explains why hen manure in the majority of cases it not as c^iocl ns guano. The fooJ of the birds from which the (tuano is obtained is rprly fish, which naturally makes il rich in phosphate?. Poultry manure; is of pccial iiso to forte corn to an early and vigorous growth. Its effects on fruits are almost pronounced. When of (rood quality it is Ronenilly applied in small.quanti- ties in tho hill or sown broadcast. 1 ro- nn-mber of rending once of an old Scotchman, whoso fmit* wen) Mm wwi<i°r and admiration of all his neighbors. On being clofely questioned as to thts camo of his remarkable success in this branch ot horticulture, he whispered, hen manure. Poultry immure is not only be.neffainl to corn and fruits, but if properly used will materially iniToiisn all kinds of g.mlen crops.—Cor. N. H. Homestead. UKCOXCIKliVTIOX. If (lion \vort> tying, colil nmti stilt nmt white, In ih'itlli'H "iiiOrdi'i'n, o iiiliiiMMit'iny! 1 tlllnk I hill If I runic anil lunkcd on I hen ) f>ln>iilil fnrylvi', Unit ."nini'llilMi; In lint Hl^ht Of itc'iitli'n Hail liiipn'ciiro. and I xhoiild tea How pitiful 11 111 I in; It Is to In) Al toiul with iiii^'lil thiU'H tnorliil. offer a safer way of preserving milk by the use of antiseptics. than Thn ItuHy Fiirinor. A farmer never need fear to bo too busy. It is tho busy man who is tho most successful. Business tends to method and rule in one's work; in fact, the word business is derived from this overflow of _vork, so that fi business man is r>no who hi always occupied with a multiplicity of af- •"•••'-•- The experimental farm at Woburn, id, whkli wan owned by Earl Ducle, needed a director, and a P! some years ago A I'KCUMAniTY OV AUSTKAMA. More English tlmn tho United gluten, Ciinndn, or South Africi*. February Century. Of all the countries which have been oriiriually settled by offshoots of Great Britain it has the population which is most exclusively British. No other European nation bas ever held any part of it, nor has the drift, of continental emigration been directed to its shores. No weaker nice bas got, or, as I shall have to show later, is likely to got, such a footing there as will enable it to cout'use the forms of national growth. Australia is more Anlgo-Saxon than the United States, with their negro millions and their steady inflow of contenental emigrants; more Anglo-Saxon than Canada, with it's considerable fraction of French population; than South Africa, with its Dutch Boers and native races; than any country save Great Britain itself. Under the sunny slues of the southern hemisphere and utmost purely British stock has a continent to itself as an unfilled sheet on which to write the history of its development. Miss Cation, of Constantine, Mich., lost her voice through illness several yearn ago. She recovered it by sneezing at Kakaska, the other goeu merrily oa day, and now the jig _...... person was named us competent to undertake tho management of it. But it was suggested that he was already overwhelmed with work. "Then ho is the very man we want," said the earl; "the busiest man has always more capability and spare tiiuo than any other. 1 want none of your loiterers." This nhrewd remark shows a deep insitf'it into human natiuo, for it }mn alwnyH been tho inos 1 ; occupied men who havo done tho west work and have benn the most successful to their fellow-men. On tho farm this knack of buBinessis most important for the farmer who is employing labor, lie must keep the men busy at profitable work as well as keep busy himself. The busy farmer, too, is the one who can most easily discharge his business from his mind and in the evening, with his family around him, can engage in a variety of useful studies and find recreation as well aa benefit from them, — N. Y, Times. Poultry Munuro. Many farmers place a hi^h value on poultry manure as a fertilizer. Others think but littlo of it. Probably this variance of opinion is due to the different ways in whiih it is saved and applied to the land, It is one of the richest fertilizers produced on the farm, and any failure from its use must result either from litck of care in keeping, or from improper application to tho noil. Some poultrymon use lime to mix with their hen manure for pn absorbent. This may do well to sweeten a foul hen house, but produces very poor fertilizer. I/une L> a caustic sub' stance arid causes a partial chemical decomposition which frees the amon|a intjii manure which is its most valuable constituent and allows it to escape into the our. Wood ashes is another substance which comes under the same class, the potash producing the same effect as the limo. On the other hand, road dust, loam, dry muck and coal ashes al! good absorbents and serve to retain the ainutoniacal vapors rather than to dissipate them. They will alsoUcei> it dry, free from muell and full of its fertilizing elements. Probably the neatest plan is to remove the manure from the poultry l^pu'ao as soon Ho to 1 My nonl, unfurling lierwhltn llai; of peace, Foroflalllii!,' thai dread hour when wo mny ncol The, dond faco and the living, fain would i:rj Across (In! yonr#, "Oh, let onr warfare ceilst'l lilto l» so snort, ami haired Is so sweetl Lot tliero tin penceIwtwoen IIH pro w<i dlo." When a man is fin'.hftil and true in small thtnirt*, depend upon it ho will be faithful and true in great things. Groat prinei[ilos depend upon tmuill details. Never givo way to melancholy. Aro you happy? Are you likely to remain so till evening, or next month, or next year? Then why destroy present InippiniHH by A distant, misery, which may never coma at all? Every siibHtaiiliiil griof has twenty shadows, and most of them shadows o£ our own making. J1UNT1NO 1TOU LOST MAMMA. 1,1 tile TolN Wti<t Cikiiiuit Understand Thnt Jlliiniiim HUH (ioiiii Fmevi'r, tloerolt Kreo I'ros,*. Tho sorrowful SOURS hive been sung, tho tender prayers havo been said, the lastsiul words hiwu beon utteroil. all that lovo t-jnipathy and tenderness could suggest has 'Inen done for thn wife and mother calmly resting in her satin-lined coffin under masses) of beautiful (lowers. Tho mourners hnvi* gone out with aching hearts and teiu\ v diu)incd eyes. < Tho hearse moves slowly away, and the kindly neighbor women left in charge of Uio hotise go about softly putting tilings in order anil speaking _ in an undertone, awed still by tho majesty of death, although the ouo it has claimed has been car- reicl forth. There is still that indefinable something in tho deserted rooms that tolls of lihedreiid visitor. Suddfcnly tho door of _ an upper room opens, and a Bweet, childish voice siiya pleadingly: "1 wn'n'i my mamma, I'm going to find my main ma," •'No, no, dear," says the nurso, with a suggestion of tears in her voice, while she' furtively wipes her oven; "coma with mo like a good littlo girl." ''No, J want my mamma. I haven't seen my own mamma, for two, free—oh, most four days. I'm going to find my mamma." "But, b;iby, dear mannimiBn't—she isn't -hera.' 1 "Where is my mamma, then? She here, too. She's down in her own pretty room. I'm uoing to hunt for my mamma Mamma! Oh, mammal Baby wants you!" J ri all this world of sadness and sorrow is there anything more sad, anything more pitiful than the pleading, wondering cry of a little child loo simple to understand the myi tery of death, and yet dimly comprehending that a change of some kind 1 lias taken place? Is there anything that touches the- heart mere deeply than to an-- swer the pleading, pitiful questions: "Wherchynamuia? 1 ' "Whj don't she. como?"«ij$TCmo has gone away, whore?" "CanV. go to heaven and see her?" The eyes of the little uuestionor open wide and there is a perplexed and dissatisfied look on her faco, Having thnt "mamma is gone," that "God took her," that "up in Imvrfi) notv." You try tearfully to make it plain to the child derstand and to •that she have wijl her see un- ma- inma a^ain some time," but "again the little voice says with pitiful petulancy: "But I want my mamma now, and, I'm going to hunt until 1 Had hur."_ What n sorrowful, disappointing search it is! Rends in tctejaaigd heartauhe, and it is long before ovoncmtdren understand that mamma will comn no' raora to the little ones calling vainly for her. _Bvery- tlnna is full of touches aitJ suggestions of the mother who is gone. There aro things that make her seem BO real, _so near. And so the baby g,)es hunting for mamma. May all such sorrowful littlehenrts find their be*t mammas in tua heav&nly land! practicable ufjtw tf j» dropped Prepared tlemelf for Deutli. ,. An old colored woman living in Atchison used to prepare herself every night for death by dressing in a blue gown, and she was always surprised to find herself alive the next morning. She kept this up until she wore out three or four blue Uro.-iaes and then ehe quit. A Compliment. Ethel: "I heard a compliment for you to-day, Mr. Light waite," Mr. Lightwaite: "On, indeed, Misa Kthel, you make me positively vain. Pray what was it?" t Ethel: "Dr. Poran said if you dida't stop smoking cigarette) you might have paresis." __ A newspaper is published at Prince A> bert, a small hamlet in tho center of the Canadian northwest territory, called tha Prince Albert Critic. Its size is fouy pagefa, four colunm* to tha pig3. Th9 paper has a circulation of several hundred copies, and is aspjoimenof waatyanba clone by an enterprising journalist without.' a font of typa. The mode of issuing it w rather peculiar. The matter, iasliaiiid of being set up in type, is written iajoHwiw an electric pen on prepared piper, tho reft. of tiie issue being imprints of the pri sueet. Tho paper is p.ewsv tor its coptains quite a, "is the official piper ^^.V^^.jiA,

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