The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on February 11, 1891 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, February 11, 1891
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THE OTPEK DES MOINES, ALGONA, IOWA».WEMffiSPAY, FJBBOTAHY .M. _».,—.,-*«~« -v —- — - IOWA, A RivfeheiDK, Cal., man is reported to have arranged an electric frost alarm, which will be a- great convenience to orange growers, it consisted of aft nc curate dial thermometer, electrically con' nected with aibell nnd switch in such a manner th,nt it will cause tbobeil to ring when any desired tnnperaturo is reached. IT is many yenis since Brighnm Young, the hend of tho Mormon church, died, but ho has a number of Wives still on earth who will see that his crave h kept green. Ono of them dir.d at Salt Lake City last Week, but there are seven left, including Amelia Folsom Young, ho old-time favorite of the prophet. IN Germany they are making coffee from linseed meal rousted to a dr.rk color and mixed with some glutinous substance befoie passing through machines which form it in thnpo of beans. Wo prefer tho raw lean, unbuincd and ungroiind, Nevertheless we do not object lo oil mcnl, but we want it manufactured into juicy mutton and beef rather (him coffee. MONTH by month tho number of telegrams which can be>ent through a single wire increase, und Iho distance through which n lelephonic message can bo heard is lengthened out. A newly devised apparatus, quite simple in form, is said to take a telegram ns it flows from one's pen nnd transcribe it from tho wire in fac simile. ° Even the words impressed upon the, wax of a phonoyiaph arc now capable of being forwarded to distances exceeding a hundred miles. It would probubly have been better for PresidMitBalinacedii, of Chili, to have resigned, RS he intended doing bo f oro his friends overpersuuded him. Tho revolutionists are gaining daily, and unless Bui- maceda does resign they expected BOOII to Lave practically tho entire army on their aide. It shows wisdom on the part of tho revolutionists lo concede the freedom of the port of Valparaiso and to respect the properly of foreigners. Tho' protests of the 'consuls against this blockade have boon as effectual as though backed by the navies of their respective countries. Iqui- quo and tho other nitrate ports are still blockaded, and there are not enough vessels of the Chilian navy loyal to Balma- coda lo break Iho blockade of any of these three ports. SMOKEljKSS 1'OWDKK. The board of army oflicers that are con sidcring the problem of a now magazine rifle for tho United States army discussed smokeless powder tho other day. Thsy decided that smokeless powder should bo officially tested at tho national armory •with a view to its introduction into our military system. Such'action has boon a foregone conclusion for some time, else the smokeless powder cartridges would not have been making in such quantities .at the Frnnkford arsenal in Philadelphia. The board seemed to think that tho now powder will help thenriillery, which gains everything by operating in a clear, open iield, but that its introduction will campul infanfjy to foco ,i fire tenfold more appalling than anything seen at Anlietam or Gettysburg. mtjiss JiiciroiiM J:N .JAPAN. The people and Government of Japan continue to miiKo commendable progress in their efforts 1,0 adopt a full measure of so-called civilization, The nation is now vpjoii'ing in a a brand-now constitution, a legislutsve assemblage, under the name of a Diet, and other purapharnuliii of popular govern men t, No Czar Reed has as yet dawned on Japanese politics. Ho will doubtless upp ir, however, in duo lime, when their legislative institutions attain the same high development that ehiuneter- izes own. It is trno that an honorable member of Hie Japanese house of representatives, emulating Iho example of curtain contemporaneous republican statesman, helped himself to certain funds intrusted to his Charge. He was, however, consigned to durance vile by the criminal tribunals, without even being linked to vindicate himself. Moreover, political associates who endeavor to raise tho question of privilege in his ease were met by tlui rude rejoinder of tho stony-hearted minister of justice to tho effect that Bueh considerations had nothing to do with tho administration of criminal law. While the Japanese aio thus stiuggling with the intricate piincipleii of representative institutions, they have failed to solve one of the first problems of civili/aiion which they encountered. They recognize Hint their picturesque but inconvenient national drees is bound to disappear. The sdoption of European clothes is increasing, but, it seems, with fur from satisfactory results. A system of costume must be in harmony with the conditions of the homes of those who wear it, nnd bo capable of reprorluc- , tion in material of native manufacture. Neither of tnese conditions is realized for the Japanese by European clothes. Native journals complain that ladies' clothing in the foreign style is decidedly expensive. As regards the sterner sex, the chief com- pUjnt concerns trousers. The national custom o&quatting on tho floor when at ' rest is apparently ineradicable. The result is bagging at tho knees in its most virulent form. The unfortunate Japanese are accordingly in a quandary form which it would.'require the genius of a Worth to \ LATEST NEWS_COMNSED, GENERAL NOTES, Tnss steel crimor Newark ia completed and in commisnon. BKiiNAiiD KKAUZ, of Menasha is heir to a big estate in Germany. TUB rubber trust has collapsed ( and the members have commenced cutting .the prices right and left. THE S«in Francisco police have, destroyed, in a Chinesd joss-house, idols and furnishings wortii $3t),000. TUB announcement was made that the American National bank of Kansas City, which failed two weoks ago, will resume business, ». FKBD B, MATTHKWH, a Minneapolis bookkeeper, has been missing hincp last Wednesday. TIIK funeral of A. P. Luce, tho Chicago type founder, was lield nt Crawsfordsville, Intl.,Sunday. THE coke laborers in Hin Cflnnellsvillo region to tho number of 12.000 will strike on Feb. 10 unless granted an increase of pay before Hint time. WIU.IAM LOVKI.T,, Ihn.Rncino.laundry• man who beuauu) insane upon his honeymoon trip, \Viifl taken to the Wauwatoaa Inwmn Ahsylum. THE ways and means committee of Iho world'H fair directory has decided to recommend a call for an additional 80,000,000 to the fund, making it 815,000,000 in all. Tins Wisconsin nuprrme court has dc- cidul that accident insurance begins us soon (is the first premium is paid to tho ii/icnt, holding,lluit Hm latter has general power to act for tie company. • FOllBiaU, TmiKE hundred revolutionists wore jailed at Oporto. NiNi8 children perished in u burning orphan asylum nt Moscow, Russia. iTim revolution in Chili may bo ended by tho resignation of President Balnmcude. THE hospital nt Skopin was burned. Fourteen patient a perched in the. flames. NINK artillery men at Montpelier wero fatally injured Wednesday by a premature discharge of dynamite. Sni GOIIDON GUMMINOB, an intimate friend of thn Piincf. of Wales, has been detected cheating at cards, and ho will be sent lo Coventry by tho prince's set. BAiiTimr.OMKW SOM.IVAN, a farmer, was hanged at Traleo Monday, for complicity in tho murder of an evicted fin in er. ONE of tho courts of Paris has decided that divorces obtained in Chicago by citizens of France we not valid in France. A BEIILIN dispatch says that congressman William McKinley, of Ohio, will pay a visit to Prince Bismarck during the coming summer. THE Portuguese revolution has been suppressed and quiet .restored. Twenty S L'mons wero killed in Saturday's light at pcrto. TESTIMONY is being taken by American consul ut Belfast, Ireland, rel'itivo to the Irihh claimnnta for a share of the lato A. T, Stewart's estate. Tim pope's will, which has just .been imulo public, leaves tho property inherited from his family, 82 000,000, to his relations, while everything else goes to tho church. VIRES AND CASUALTIES. WILLIAM SWISSKH, of St. Louis, was killed by burning ammonia. GECKO uS. BHYANT, supposed to bo from Chicago, fell down stairs at St. Joseph, Minh., receiving fatal injuries. EvisiiETT, AuaiiicNUAUOir & Co. 's flour mill at Wasocn, Minn., was burned Sun- dnynifeht. Loss, §1 10,000, TIIHKR colored prisoners lost, their lives by the burning of tho jail at Moss Point, Miss., Sunday . They started tho lire themselves in im effort to escape. EIGHT lurpo ice houses on Pike Lake, I ml., burned Mond.iy morning. Loss, $50,000. " HKNHY W. LOUD, of Devil's Lake, N. D.. and forii.t'iily a congressmun from Michigan, was killed in a railroad collision near Butte, Mont. TiiKllnintwrfr distillery at Porhin, III., was damaged 8100,000 by fire last Sunday. SicvKiiAii persons wero killed and thousands of dollars' worth of property destroyed by a cyclone noar West Point, Miss. A KIVK-YKAH-OM:) daughter of Dan Berry wns burned to death Tuesday afternoon", Her clothes jaught fire from a stove wliilo her mother was away visiting a neighbor. THHEK negroes, arrested on trivial charges, wero burned to death by the burning of tho jail at Moss Point, Miss. MiciiAKi, BicuKiiAtui was probably fatally slabbed by Henry Klicn during a quarrel over a gamo of cards, in Chicago. DKKIUNU, of Chicago, was poisoned by carbolic ncul, which her lover, Jocph Iloll'mun, gave her in mistake for medicine. A CAVE-IN occurred Wednesday afternoon in No. 3 slopo at Grand Tunnel, opposite Nanticoko, Pa. Three Poles arc shut in, and as tho place is filled with water it is supposed that they are drowned. Two freight trains on tho New York, Pennsylvania &, Ohio road collided near Corry, Pa., Wednesday morning, during a snow-storm. Lewis O.-good, an engineer, and lircmiin Olunz n wore killed. Three ;0thor men wero injured. KJ.JIKU CJ.AHK, wiperintendent of tho Kansas City cable railroad, was struck by out) of his own grip cars and killed Wednesday, A passenger train on the Cotton belt railway Little iiock, Arkansas, was wrecked and nine uion killed. WBIXNKMMY night tire broke out in II. E. ll'jth's tenement house at Roth's lime kiln six miles north of Slioboygun, occupied by three fn mliee. Mr. Putneick's 9-yeiu-- old boy, living up stairs, attempted to escape, but wiu overcomo by the smoke and was burned to death. The others escaped safely. CHIMB. John Kelly last Sunday in Boston shot and killed his father aged. 70 during a drunken row. HAKIUS A. Ssi{^Ki\ ;w)io murdered his wife, was sentenced ftt-New York Monday morning to deflUr.hy plectricity during the week beginmnffiMfflrgb, 16, \ u TO "-'— ' 'Ywl William Uil< / of Ean Claire, were efre'sted iri Superior on charges of dcEerlinf?(hell-families. Burglars effec'ed an entrance through the rear door of Fred Geichdmfr's tailor shoo La!:e aiid Clnrk street?, on Saturday night, securing about three hundred dol- lala worth of goods. JOUA RICIITER, a.pretty 15-yea* old girl of Green Bay, is under attest for theft. THE superintendent of the Mammoth mine near Pitfsbnrg, was badly, beaten by women whose husbands Were killed in the recent mine explosion. DANIEI< BnKW', of Danbdry Conn., was beaten and robbed in New York city and thrown into a freight-car, in which ho was carried to Houston Tex., before securing his release. TnB wife of Banker Cowlcs, of Clark, Neb., was killed by burglnrs Tuesday night and herbushrind knocked senseless. A reward of $1,000 is offered for thfi arrest of the murderers. W. ZiMMKiiMANi stoi okeeper, and agent of the farmers' (illiPiicc supply store in Spnrtensbii'g, S. C., is said to bo short in his accounts from 815,000 to 880,000. Miss LENT, a teacher in the public schools at Winncbago City, Minn,, died from injuries received at the hands of .the Crnzwn family. She punished a child of tho f.nnilj and was terribly beaten by the otlvr members. A'rClarkp, Neb., the residrncoof Banker Cowlcs was burglarized Thursday morning. Cowlcs was knocked ft'iiKcless and his wife killed. The bursars Rncured about 860 in cash. A reward of 81.000 has been offered for the arreet of the murderers. A THAOEOY occurred Wednesday on tho farm of Henry Ponttker. near the village of Smithnn, 111. Poottker shot his sister- in-law, Mary Poetl.ker, with a revolvfr, inflicting probably fatal injuries, and then committed suicide. AT Smithton, 111., Tuesday morning, Henry Bechto.ld, .a farmer, discharged a shot Rim at his sister-in-law, striking her in the leer. . The wound, not proving fatal, ho struck her with tho butt end of tho weapon, inflicting fatal injuries. He then reloaded tho gun and shot himself. WASHINGTON. THE house paused the diplomatic appropriation bill. WASHINGTON is entertaining the Indian chiefs who led in the recent Dakota war. MK. SAEHMAN a°ked immediate notion upon the measure refei ring to the treaty with tho Uawaiin islands. THE senalo bill for the erection of a public buiMincr at St. Paul, Minn., at a cost of 8800,000 passed, and the house adjourned. IMPJUCSSIVU funeral services were held over the remains oE the late Secretary Windom in tl.o Presbyterian church of the Comenant at Washington Monday. THK navy department has ordered the Pensacola and Baltimore to proceed to Chili to protect tho interest of American citizens. A HEOiPROCiTY agreement between this country and brazil was signed by Secretary Blaine and tho Brazilian minister last Saturday. CONOHESS will investigate the statement that transcontinental railway 'lines pay 8500,000 a year to tho Canadian Pacific road and 8700,000 to tho Pacific Mail Steamship line to prevent rate-cutting by these companies. THE council nf the farmers' alliance and inclustral committee had under discussion Thursday afternoon a resolution looking to the betterment of the agricultural and commercial industries of tho country and after quite a lively exchange of views it was adopted. FIGHT WITH «IO WEAPONS. IllntH fur Miii'rlocl IVopIr Wlio Are Determined lo O Oh, .if married folks, and big brothers and sisters, and loving friends everywhere would only take hold of this and lay it up a New Year's maxim. If you are bound to quarrel, nse suitable switches; don't descend to pin points. Let your cause for grievance take fjood round methods, not imiendoes anil heart thrusts. To overwhelm an enemy with sarcasm is like touching tender spots with your linger tips and pretending to be amazed that it hurts. i despise torture; if you want to kilj a chicken chop its head off quick; don't pick out its feathers 0110 by ono until it dies from the slowjpain. II you are determined to dcttroy the happiness of your family and murder its pence, do it quickly by open deeds of revolt, but don't sit day by dny picking out feathers and touching nerve centers. 1 would almost be willing to »ay that I would rather bo a drunkard's wife than the wife of a cold-blooded, sneering pessimist, who dnndo over against every bright impulse and warm enthusiasm of the heart with a ready sarcasm, who meets outbursts of natural indignation with the snowy blight of a si. cor or congeals every generous aspiration as frost locks up a bright-flowing brook in moveless ice. Curtain ly » heart will break as surely whatever means you take to break it, and the heart that is nlowly crushed in the press of potty tyrannies that tread out all its nweot and vital juices is just as much murdered as the heart that i.s ground under tho iron heel of the demon rum. Oh, my dear, them are myriad ways of killing hearts as woll UB bodies. Let us be civilized, at least, in our methods, and fight our battles lilco white men I'ncl not like Sepoys. ee, Through lUo Weary Hours 01 many a nlglit, imulo doubly long by Its pro- traded iu;oiiy, Hie rlioumulic biilTerer tossua lo and fro on his gleopleea vouch, vululy praying for Hint rosl \vlilcli only tomua by Ilia unci sliirls. His malady Is oiiu which ordinary inoitieinob loo often full lo relieve', but there Is iimple evidence to m-ovo Unit the vlllcleni blmjil Ucpuronl, llos- luller'u Stomach Bluer.", ulVurds Ihu rlieinniiue u rt'liublo inciins of relief. Cludi tlio malady in iu Inclnimil sliiafs, when Uio llrst nrenionllory in luges come on, with Oils nyruenble medicine, und avoid years of lorlnre. \\liulever be liio ra- lioiinle ot Iho ncllvo Inlliioiica of Iho Hitlers upon this inuhuly, certain ll is that no evidence reliufiig to iis eifoct is more direct and posiiive limn ilrit which relales lo iu uclion lu case of rliimnmllstn. Like nil (sterling remedied, however, il deserves a protruded, sybiemulie Irial, ami should not bo abandoned because not al once remedial. U ia equally otllcucioua iu dyspepsia, iuUigebllou and Uindred diseases. The Now Yo7k"StarleI[s"of a man who, in coming from Odessa, broughi. with him a small quantity of tho best Turkish tobacco. Before leaving the vessel he spread it put and folded it in large silk handkerchiefs and placed it next tho skin under his vest. This in no degree gave him a suspicious fullneas, but it was us much as he could do to walk ashore and tear this horrible poultice from him, Tobacco thus applied is one of the most powerful emetics. WHAT THE DOCTORS AFFIRM. of Alinltittair.v t*dh«»riittg < i/otrt the I «« of Spoil it Al-fi- Clt'H of Fnod, All Food Staffs May be Suspected, and Hew ton May Detect, Fermentation, terrifying Effects on Animals that had been Inoculated with Spoiled Preserved Meats, European edition of tlio Herald. The injury that may be. done to our health by Ubing certain articles of food that have become spoiled has been known from time immemorial, but no truly scientific explanation of this form of accident has ever been given until our day. Every ono Iftis read of cases of poisoning caused by eating shell fish, or pork that has become charged with trichinosis. These two accidents, are quite frequent, particularly in certain countries where the un- iortonnfo habit exists of not submitting articles destined for the table to a sufficient amount of cooking. But in addition to these there are a number of other alimentary poisoning, and oa examining the question we finds that damaged meats of all kinds forms of. clmrcu- terio, game, cheese and the various varieties of sea fish (particularly tho representative of tho crustacean and mollusc families) have been accused in turn of doing damage. There is no doubt that the?o different articles of food have caused cases ot poisoning under certain Gxed certain fixed circumstances, and tho gravity of thesiO cases will bo seen Uta glance when we add that in more than one instance thd.v wore followed by the death of several victims. SIGNS OP POISONING. By what exterior signs do these cases of poisoninsr by alimentary products manifest themselves? In a general way it can bo said that each one. of tho different apparatus of organic life can be interested or compromised to a certain degree, and it is-casy to fee that in ccrnp.lex cases this fact will produce a great variety of symptoms. Disorders to the digestive tupp- ratus naturally appear first, and so'netimes take such a serious form that, in many cates, an attack of true and specific cholera hns been feared. Nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea constitute the symptoms that are usually met with, and that are considered almost obligatory. It is exceptionable that these symptoms should be wanting, and combined with them we generally find the form of inleiwil ir.fluii nation, which physicians'Call gastro-enteritis. This is ch'irrcterized by the loss of appetite, a feeling of '.disgust at the thought of food, orntinue •' thirst and redness of the tongun. The fact that the nervous system is affected likewise is show by the person's weakness, feeling of lassitude, prostration (which may amount to temporary paralysis), chills, cramps in the legs .and headache (which is sometimes atrocious). Different disorders of the heart are also met with, und some cases have been seen in which the symptoms painted to a case of poisoning by one of the substances considered as having a speciib of action on the central organ of the circulation (digitaline cucoaine, &c.). A feeling of anxiety and oppression and a very weak pulse belong especially to the latter category of accidents. SYMPTOMS OF ALIMENTAUY POISIONING. The phenomena which show themselves in connection with the external treatment are more apparent, and are sometimes the only signs we find in, and cause the least anxiety, although their signification become often more complicated owing to their coincidence with moro'serious symptoms connected with the internal organs. They usually consist in different forms of eruptions, generally of a congestive nature —that is to say, produced by simple temporary disorders of the circulation, owing to which the skin shows red spots, more or less diffused in extent, and other marks of different varieties, accompanied by an intense itching whichjis extreamly disagre- ablo. One form of tho latter is represented by urticaria, an eruption very much like that produced on the skin by flea bites or by nettle stings. Uricaria appeal's especially after meals during which shell fisit, lobsters or cnibs have been eaten. It also shows itsnlf on persons who have partaken of strawberries, or of certain forms of eharcuterio, and it is without doubt the SArnptom of a certain kind of poisioning. This is a whort resume of the symptoms of what nro called by common consents of alimentary poisoning. Our predecessors who were quite aware of the existence such cases; but owing to a lack of suflicient means of investigation an exact explanation of their cause was unknown to tin in, k is to the chemical and physiological researches of our clay that we owe pur precise knowledge on these points. A few years ago Mm. Seiuii, in Italy, Gautier, in France, and Brieger, in Uermany, took up this question and discovered in spoiled moat several forms of poisonous substances, of which they succeeded in isolating a certain number. According t«i M. Gautier these poisons are really alkaloids, and are similar in every respect to vegetable alkaloids (cuffeiiif, morphine and atropine), tc which they can be compared both in their chemical formulas and physiological properties. Different names have been given to these poisons, but for our present purpose it will be sufiicient to say that they may bs divided into two principal categories— plomaines, which are th« product of the putrefaction of animal tissues, and leuco- niaine, which are created in these tissues while they are in a fresh condition and while the linimal is alive. This destinc- tion is even a little subtle, and the limit between the two groups is in many oases not very closely defined. If, now, vo wish to get an insight into the activity of these chemical poisons we have only to refer to the very numerous experiments of Briogor, Gautier and of Poinearrer and Mace. The latter ovser- vers witnessed effects that were simply terrifying in rabbits and guinea pigs that had been inoculated with fragments ot spoiled preserved moats. Nearly all these animals died la the space of twenty-four or twenty-eight hours Of course, it i-i scarcely allowable to claim that what holds true for animals would be equally true for man, and yet under certain circuuistiinoes man hiv§ been 1 known to suffer just as much as the lower species of animals. ,, , ,, There is no hiding the fact that tUe risk in using spoiled provisions, is njuch greater than is generally thought. Two Fi-encb afS»y surgeons, MM. Labifcand Collifa, have published on this question a pamphlet filled with cases, ami have poih'c-1. put a iui.,,ljer of local epedjmics in *hicn a ii,.ii.'»eror! persona were i-eizeu >vith ieri- ' LK- .-, mptonif, which si/inetitiic» resulted in iiv/iltt. .; ' L. .early all the instances it meal had ueen i..ken in common, during wnichsnrae .nbiin^i! of doubtful Oiigia iiuuueen consumed. These epidemics have been .observed more commonly in Germany than elsewhere; as in that country the use of cbarcutehe is almost general, and musical gatherings are a pretext for excesses of all kinds. In France, where the inhabitants are less giveu to excess, and where the general custom is to cook all meat very thoroughly, these accidents are much less common; and yet a certain number of partial epidemics have been reported, particularly in the army, which is put on a regimen Of preserved meat to a much greater extent than the ordinary population. Among other examples MM. Labifc and Collin refer to the serious cases that occurred at the Camp d'Ayor, and which disabled 227 men bf-longing to the Thirty- first brigade of infantry. A minute inquest proved that these accidents could be attributed neither to fatigue nor of overcrowding, noi to any atmospheric cause, but purely and simply to the use of some cold meat that hao undergone a marked degree of alternation without the competent authorities being aware ot it. This was also the case in the epidemic at Lille, in which seventy-eight persons were taken sick, out of whom three died. The cause in, this case was a hash made of veal and ham, of which no_ one suspected the froibness or tho nutritive qualities. If we had sufficent space we csuld relate here many other cases .simular to these. . PTLUMAINES. The products which go by the name of ptlpamine, have a considerable power of resistance against the different causes of destruction, and particularly against the action of high temperatures. This remark is important, as it gives us the explanation o> the fact that certain forms of food are still harmful, in spite of a cooking so a coolant? so thorough as to seem sufficient to annihilate every trace of germs. It also explains the fact, that is in _ appearance unaccountable, of meat in which the closest microscopical examination fails to detect any microbe, and which, nevertheless, produces serious accidents in those who make use of it. Can we draw any prac'ical conclusions from these facts? Most assuredly, and it is evident that in choosing our articles of food it is of prime necessity to set aside any substance suspected of hriv- kg undergone the slightest decree of fermentation'. It is especially necessary to use the greatest caution with • preserved food of all kinds, as its freshness is often doubtful, and its 'nutritive qualities not very great, in spite of the promises printed on the prospectuses with*which they are accompanied. ' ; : But are there &ny signs which enable .us with certtainty to determine the existence and degree ot this alteration? ,Yes, r and among them some have a very high value; tor instance, when we find the gelatine liquified, the fat altered, and the odor and consistency changed. These digerent characters, either by themselves or together, show that the work of putrefaction has begun, and are sufficient to enoWe us to refuse any substance in which they ap- pe ir. There are special signs in fish,.su;h as the appearance in certain species of a'red- dish tint when in their natural condition their flesh is white. This change is quite frequent in codfish, and is attributed to a microscopic fungus which develops and lives on the flesh of the animal. Whenever this appears the alimentary use of such codfish should : 'be entirely forbidden. Similar remarks could be made of various other forms of |ood, and especially ot game, which a number of persons persist in eating when in an advanced state of decomposition, in spite of the,jquantity of poisonous matter that they absorb in this way. THIS IS GENUIXK DEVOTION. .Skin from Mr. AVllclc to bo Orattod on to His Wife. New York Times. A case of skin grafting by wholesale is among the operations to be performed at Bellevue Hospital. The story has been told of how Minnie Ennui Wilcke met with a terrible accident the day after Christmas in the co-operative laundry, ut Eighth avenue and Twenty-third street. Her husband, Herman Wilclc, was foreman there, and nhe had gone-to. call on him. She crot up on a bench to close an open window. Just above her head was the shafting which ran the laundry machinery. The wind blowing in the opnn window blew her luxuriant hair over tlie revolving shaft. She did not notice it, however, but turned to jump to the floor. She hung suspended by the hair for just a moment, and then fell to the floor, her scalp completely torn from her head. The left ear had been tern off with it, und the wound extended so far clown on tho left side of the forehead as to destroy the eyebrow, an A consequently the power to control the eyelid. In this condition-she was taken to Bellevue hospital. The scalp was taken there wrapped in a newspaper. House Surgeon Woods at once had it shaved of its hair, in the hope that it could be reph'.ceJ on tho woman's head. Forty-five minutes had elapsed, however, and it was found that the scalp .• would not adhere. Bit by bit, tho flesh died, and was cut away until none was left. During all this time tbe woman displayed remarkable fortitude. Before the accident she had been extremely prettj, but after it she was hideous beyond description. In spite of he i- knowledge of this she has never lost consciousness or hope. Her young_husband has been to see her every day. • A (lay or two ago the surgeons suggested to him that the operation of skin grafting would bo necessary in order to cover the raw flesh of Mrs. Wilck's head. Without hesitation, he volunteered to allow them to take such skin from his body as was needed. In about a week the operation will begin. The skin must be grafted bit by bit. It will be taken from the husband's thigh in strips three inches long by an inch wide, as it is required. He is a big, sturdy fellow, and the operation will not be particularly painful to him, as the scalpel will only remove the outer skin. He will carry the scars always, iwwever, to remind him of his devotion to his young wife. When the operation is finished Mrs. Wilck's head will, of coures, be as bald as a billiard ball, but her husband has reconciled her to this by a promise to buy ,her phe finest wig in New York. The surgeons have promised to use all their skill to restore her lost eyebrow and ear. The eyebrovv operation will be made at once. It will be a plastic process. Some of the skin from Mrs. Wilck's own body used for the new brow. Of coarse", . will be no hair on it, bat tne.liatttral will be restored and power Slvine to ..... tiol the dropping eyelid. No effort will be made to put a left ear on until the scalp is restored. _____ WOMEN IN AMEttiUA* Washington Fast Hunting With OthM Citifcs a* a Literary Center. London Queen. Women in, America Who devote themselves to authorship seem to make more money than their sister writers dd itt Knglahd. Washington is beginning to rami now with Boston and New York as a literary center. Mrs. Hodgson Burnett wrote "Little Lord Fauntleroy" at her home there. She lived at tho time in I Htrtet, next to Gen, Garfleld. A year or so ago she bought a house in the fashionable northwest quarter of the city, not far from Uen. Blaine's mansion. Mrs. Southworth, who is now seventy years of age, and" whose boast is that she has written as many novels as she has years, is perhaps one of the best noyeiii.ts living. The" Lodger has paid her for some time by con- train, 810.0UO a year (£2,000) for all that she writes, and she now probably gets a royally in addition. She began writing fur one dollar a column and for the Ledger at ten dollars per column." Mrs. Southworth's habit is to write almost constantly from Tuesday to Thursday night. Friday and Saturday she spends in visiting, and on Monday she revises her proofs that are sent to her regularly from the Ledger. She writes the same sort of stories of romance and crime now that she wrote in her youth. She has made a highjpositiri^: v? for herself among her contempornrieJjj Her home at Washington is a cottii^ standing in a' charming garden, and sur\i- rounded by a picket fence. Miss Kate Field is devoting all her energy to he: Washington paper, blie has been -ver;' fortunate in making money by her literar labors. She is very energetic and has. many sided talents. Methodical, hardworking, and careful of her health, Miss Field rides «nd writes every day. Miss Constance Fennitnore Woolson. has done some of her best work in Washington. It is here that she wrote "Anne," a novel that attracted so much attention when it appeared in Harper's Magazine. Mrs. Logan, the widow of the late Gen. Logan, started a magazine, the circulation of which now reaches 100,000. Another widow of a brave officer, the-late Admiral Dahlgren, makes a large income by her pen in romantic literature. 'The daughter of Senator Dawes, of Massachusetts,- is a young woman of remarkable ability as a student of political 'economy; her published works have attracted a great deal of attention in America.,.* She .is already making a large. income by writing for ihe magazines. Miss.. Dawes > founded the Wednesday Morning Club, consisting of about thirty young lady' members,, which ranks as the finest women's literary club in the United States. .Miss Olive Seward, the adopted daughter of tho secretary of stite,-has Veen writing for years. • Several daughters of the, membeis of congress devote themselves to literature. If Washington alone can boast of so many intellectually active women living in its midst, it may be guessed how strongly through the Un,ited.l ;l States women influence thougJ- y^' [i el-^J| *»*. • - l ^UU-^ A DANGEROUS CAKGOJ It that of Uine, as Instant Death on Going; Insido the Vessel' Port AlnndrgUH. A. carufoof lime is a dangerous! When tire, as it frequently does, caw^' r spiteoftho greatest precautions a! thee admission of any water into the it is almost impossible to extinstnt The only method that ever avails is t up every crack in the vessel with so that no air can reach the lime. Somj this stops tbe fire. They have been \ to burn for several months. p When a vessel's cargo, is thus afird instant death to go in side of her. | time ago the lime w a schooner off Mi gan caught fire, and she was fealedj tight as possible. The captain art two sons were the crew. One day thj ter went to sleep on the deck, and \ f.ither imprudently entered the cf shutting the door after him. He down;lifeleless on the stairs. Thi awoke' missed their faU\er, and snpoj he had. fallen overboard, saile" schooner home, unconscious tlm were bearing' the dead body with tho This exclui'.ing the air from a vesi stop the fire suggests the method eu ed to free a vi??sel from rats. A built in the cabin, and also in the from some inflamable material, Tb air h excluded, and as the fires use u oxygen, drawing it from the remote of the hold, the rats leave have their and follow the precious lifo-givinj? g the fires which gree.liiy devour io for ( own existence, and when they go out: poor rats are found dead around. 1 stoves. ' The Abghasians, a mountain tribi' Caucasia, folbw the very primitive c •,,. torn of stealing wives for themselves. Ill ,'f young man kidnaps a girl he likes, i[ et ! makes her his wife whether s.he is agree/ 11 '' ble to tho match or not. This gives ris^ , to frequent fights between families of th|°j tribe, which nevr end without huma| l 'l sacrifices. But if the kidnapped girl likejeni the man \yho has taken her, she acts ofe-1 thr> Stibinian women in Ancient Rome didise] When her family ueclare war against heaal groom, she runs t.o meet them and to ap-'isi pease them, and if they don't listen to herAll entreaties she join? her husband in fightse ing against her own kin. je "As the twlar is bent the branch grows." W Tench your clilldruii how to use SAl'OJJO ft nnil they will always !><.< nuat, Try a cuke of f ll in your nuxl liuiiau-cluiiiilng. Adding thu lirst flg'iiru to the seeqncl In 18'JI (jlvus us the third, tiiid subtriiulliig the fourth from Ihu third glvus us Ihu second. And if we tuld all Iho llgurcs wo get tliu uum» bur of the century. •" ' Poou little child! She don't oat well, she ' don't sleep well, she don't look well. Slip ; need's Dr. Bull's Worm Destroyers. Papa, ; get her a box. • , ; Three DrooUlyn Bchool n'irls have now ' been rohliuil of their tresses by tho sneak hair culler. The last victim, a girl 17 years' ; old, lobt about eighteen inches of Urui«-| thut were t\vo_feet lung. \ ' \ "I huvo beeifbec'aslomilly troubled witU •/ Coughs, and In eai-li case have used BROWN'S i UltONUllU(, TUUC11K8, which' luivo no'vey *" failed, aiul'I must snv tliey ui'o second to iiiino in the world,"—iWU ^l. J/««. " '' Ht. J'aul, Minn. Tnmnmny Is about to erect u monumoiit ou the baitlelield tu sueli of of lu uiewbers fta fell ul Gettysburg. '•"•'; An agitation has been begun in England for the repeal of the lay? provid-\ ing for the execution of women, for aapitajl crimes.

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