The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on February 4, 1891 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

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Wednesday, February 4, 1891
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r' '. t)E8 MOIKES^ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, tfBBtttrAftY4, 1891, the Ft-civ. LtinchcPa. •'•We usually spot free, lunch Honda.*' Mid thn keeper of a Ufiadwny cafe, '•find give, them lo nndersl.Mid that wo can do wilhi'iit their company. One. Afternoon wiion fradc w.ns qHh:C"TTfur men came in hero and took scats at a tablo. They were not well dros*od. Immediately tliey inquired of the waiter what thero was on llio frees lunch table. As the table hail just been srt it was really stocked wifh an unusually itttrnclivo assortment of \iands. and tho waiter, in his simplicity spoke of the dishes without omitting any of them. Tho leader of tho party instantly ordered a full list "f hot dishes for the entire lot. I deliberated over tho situation for sonm moments, and then rcsolvi'd to send a waiter to ask them for their order for drinks. Tho Waiter wns received with Urn nssurnnuo that no drinks wefo required. Then I thought it my duly ID put a stop to tho presumptuous symposium thai, was in progress." I was crossing llm floor to do this, when the waiter, who had been getting I ho lunch, returned to the table with his supply. ,lns|, us ho was placing the dishes 'around, and I was about, to address the group, one of the men turned and ordered a quart of clmmpniriie. I hesitated, and us 1 Hid so, another of I he parly said, 'You might as well mako it two quarts; wo shall want them.' "I immediately roll-need my slops with a feeling of something like shame in me. Well, that party of rough young men sat there for four hours, unit during that limn used up tint greater part of six quarts of wine. Wo imtdo a prolit on them, you SRC, even with nil tllo luncheon wo' presented to them. Tno anecdote had. hardly boon told when a lino lookinj and elaborately dressed gentleman sauntered in, and, aflor bowing to acquaintances right and left, lounged cnrolossly up to llit; lablo where tho free lune.iioou was set out, and helped himself to a bit of cold ham, a dab of potato sa'ad, and a slice of graham bread. After consuming this' lie walked about, conversing bore and there with gentlemen siltiug'al tho lablos.nnd finally strolled out of the room. ^•There's a character," the proprietor said. "He undoiilnodly -goes the entire year without buying a meal. Having a very moderate income, ho cx- pciids Stall on his lodging and clothes, and, being a mild a'ud'good-natured follow, ho has hosts of friends. Ho is known in all tho cafes along Broadway, and because of his iuott'un'siveness nnd general popularity none of us order him out. 1 have never known him to spend a cent, and yet ho appears hero rogularly'evory evoninsr and helps himself to whatever is on" tho table. Ho works luncheons in llio same way down town.— N. Y. Sun. the shoulder, Ihe elbow-joint straigno and easy, but not taut. Lift the length of the "arm ns a weight from tho shoulder very quietly and slowly as high as it will go, and bring it down in tho mimo manner. The muscles across the back are Wakened to a wonderful degree. Try this movement singly, and iiirnin with both arms, fifty or a hundred times a day. With the arms hanging at full length, elo* viile the shoulders slowly, and turn them in a rotary motion toward tho back. A daily practice of such simplo movements calls one's attention to tho varied actions and use of joint and muscle; tho idea of using tho arm from the shoulder is understood, and the habit of bringing different sets of nuts* «los into play In alternation aud succession becomes second nature. This is tho 'numbering of one's forces, and training thorn to'do ouch Us own part. It is a kind of personal' massage, the virl.no of which lies in the Tninulo search for weakness, flubbine**, and lack of development in ilia smallest muscle, and this daily gcnilo manipulation which strungUicus it by action. No woman wants thai close-knit sinew and knotty, woody fibre that many men seek lo obtain from athletics. It is entirely opposed to tho olllccs of life to which nature calls her; she does want firmiie.ss with flexibility, staying WHAT TO TEACH GIRLS MRS. BEECHER ADVISES SEWING) COOKINC, AND THE LIKE. She Clint-got Stroii<*-1ttlli/f<»ft Women And lllumoi ,Atol "T.I for llnilly Eclnont- Ing Their Children. power, ami endurance. — Umnut Moffetl Tyng, in Jhirpcr's liuzttr. Not « IIiimilM;.' Vine. For loiig distance running from a baUlelinld llossur's famous cavalry charge away from the battle of Cedifr Crook is without it parallol iu history. Iln-ssci-hud. organized his brigade and called il the "Laurel Brigade." Each timn went into the bairlo with a sprig of laurel in his hat. When thoy came out thoy didn't care whether they over saw another piece of laurel again'. All they wauled was to gol as far away from I hut Held as possible, and most of them did. Homo of thorn ran for three days, and it look Uos.ser .two wuuks to I'oFlecl. his In igade. When he reported to General Early for ,)filers, old Jubal looked at him a miuule and then said: "liosser, you ought to change tho name of your brigade. The laurel is not a running; vine." Rabbits. Tho average life of a rabbit is put at bout 9 ears. Tho do may have Curious Ii'ronks of Stool. The finest grades of razors aro so delicate that oven the famous Damascus sword blades can not equal them in lexturo. It is not generally known that tho grain of a Swedish ra/or is BO sensitive. Ihat its general direction is changed iiftor a short service. When you buy a fine razor the grain runs from llio upper end of Iho outer point iu a diagonal direction toward Iho handle. Constant strapping will twist tho stoel until tho grain appears to bu straight up aud down. Subsequent use will dray; llio grain outward from the edge, so'lhat aftor a sloady use for several months Iho liber of "tho stool occupies a position exactly tho reverse of that which il did on tho day of its purchase. The process also all'e'cls the temper of thu blade, and when the grain sets from tho Jowor outor point toward tho back you have a razor which ciin not bo kept in condition ,ovoii by the most conscientious barber. But bore's another curious freak Ihat will take place in the same tool: Leave tho razor alonu fora month or two and when you take it up you will find the grain has assumed' its first position. Tho operation can bo repealed until the Bloel is worn ihrough lo thu back. about 9 years. Tho doe young eight times a year, averaging eight ouch time. Tho first litter is produced when but 4 mouths old The progression- bused on these figures lead to asti '-'ling results. For three years tho pi> iblo progeny of two rabbits has been calculated at over 13,000,0(10, and for seven years at 1,600,000,000. FACTS ABOUT CIGARS. Some IiUMn-Knowii Truths About Nicotine Di'lcotublos. tho Not a I'l-essliifj Crotlltor. it'' Dr. T. M. S. Keunoy tells this story of fbroigu mission collection experience: "I was preaching," said he, "in a certain section of tho eountrv, and al'lur tho close of Iho service "a dear good brother invited me homo lo dinner. If I had known, what I afterward know 1 ihink. probably. 1 should not have gone. I hail talko'd for a eiM- loi'iiou for tin; purpose of missions, and us wo were driving to tho brother's homo he said lo me: •"Brolhur Kcnnoy, did you notice that 1 did not givo anything this morning!' '"No, 1 said I, 'I never notice who givo and who do not.' •"Woll, I didn't," continued ho, 'J couldn't a (lord it. I'm loo much in dobt, but when I got rid of thoso trimblusomu demand's I'll givo something to tho work of Iho Lord,' •'•Hut,' said I ajraiii, 'don't you owe thu Lord something!" •"Well, I don't know; i suppose I do. 1 never thought of it boforii in that light.' "I'm glad you sen it uo\\- in a different light' I ventured to romark, encouragingly. Tho dear brother hastened lo add, however: "Tho Lord don't crowd mo a,s tho others do. 1 ' 1 What To Do With tho Hands. "My dear fellow," said a society woman of great candor to an awkward, timid young Harvard gradualo whom she was lo" present, "you have any amount of talent, you have position, you have money, but you will uovor'boat your uaso', never show at your best, until you know what to do with your hands and feot You must lose them, forgot ihom, bo unconscious pf thorn." This is easier said than done; and yet it is possible by thu persistent USD of a few simplo exorcises which bring relaxation and freedom from stiffness, and others which encourage uVxibiliiv aud stronglh of muscle. Cultivate Iho habit of leiling llio arms fall and placo themselves as they will when standing or silling without occupation. Loitru to swiny; thorn, one at a tiino. bai.-k and fnrih. like, u Do^'lulum hun<riu«r from "A good dinner without a cigar is like a beautiful woman with ono'oyo," says the Spaniard. Every cine knows what a cigar is and tho use (o which it i.s put, says the N. Y. Telegrnm. No ono will' deny its wide-spread popularity, although some question its beueficient effects upon tlio human family. Yet, while postnjro stamps, monograms, and cigarette pk'tuivs have all found enthusiastic.col- lectors, but ono man has boon found to face the many difficulties attending a collection of cigars gleaned from all purls of tho world. Capt. Miko Flaherty is well known in tho tobacco world and has a wide circle of acquaintances among tho pilots, from whom ho now aud again received u present of a queer-looking cigar from some foroijrn land, aud it was this decided him lo commence his present collection, which now numbers 150 varieties of cigars, about eaoh ono of which a quaint, interesting storv mijrht be (old. In tho first place the word "cigar" is of modem dato and is derived from the fad that when tho Spaniards first smoked ciirars they wero smoked in llio orchard, or "cigarral," so called from its being tho Hbiding placo of those southing, sloop-producing in- siu.'ts, tho calm crickets. Hence "cigarro," a small roll; "oigarroii," a largo roll; and ultimately "cigar," linked, even in name with tho most soothing, dreamy sound in nature. Tho first cigar's made by Iho Spaniards were of tobucao loosely rolled and buhl together by the silken lining of corn shucks, and always with a straw running through the con lor to bo withdrawn before smoking, so as to socuri* a good draught. Those were lir.sl introduced into 'iSnglaml in 1787 by tho son of a Spanish grandco visiting London, anil from Ihoro spread ihrouu'h all Kui-opo. This is the history of tho birth of tho cigar into civili/.at'iou, but wo must look considerably further back to find the first records' and ihon can lind no origin, but only dala of its being in cxisleiico. Tho cigar of ihu native Bornoan, living in thn Indian archipelago, is a black roll three inches long, tapering to cither end, Ihe outer leaf covered with a network of gray veins liko a cobweb. Thoso might'be aptly called "iludo kilhiiN." They wero smoked bv the old Dyiiks, aud th"u smoke inhale.il to intoxication, while at tho wedding* thu bridu and groom hold cigars in thoir hands, and after their heads wero knocked together three times each placi-.d the cigar between the lips of Iho other ami Iho ceremony was oiulod. The cigar in llio colleoliini camo from Chill ago ng. When llio Piilagonian smokes to really enjoy him.solf'he^ivus a smoking parly. All assemble in"a hut, thomsolvus in a circle, with a seating bowl of waior in llio oe.nlur. A cigar is 1 and passed around, each ono drawing inlo his lungs as much-smoke as possible and retaining il us long as ho can, l.Ving Hat on his face, with his curious cloak thrown over his head. As oac.h expuls tho smoke he groans and grunls uniil a perfuet babul reigns. Then u fresh cigar is lit, and as it passes around quiol uomes again. After the third cigar each smokur sits qniotly for a few minutes, takes a drink at the bowl, and silently IHus out Hnli"ion is supposed to form the basis of "this custom. "An Old Gentleman 1 ' by writing to a New York paper complaining rather testily of tho modern education of women has evoked the liveliest kind of discussion. Man)' prominent women have taken a hand, and the natural result is it page of opinions that covers tho widest possible range. Pet-hup* tho most interesting because it is a solid assault against the strong-minded J woman—such au assault as ordinarily . coiner from a bear of a man—and for ! other reasons is under the signature of 1 Mrs. Henry Ward Beecher. Mrs. ! Beecher says: "Home is the place for woman, aud when she engages in any work or undertakes an enterprise that does not come under tho head of home duties or home training 1 think she is out of her place. 1 know ihat our women and girls aro iu business and iu politics, but, according to my notion, they are doing work that does not belong to them and for which thoy are not filled. 1 believe that tho female politician who goes on tho platform, makes speeches, and does lobbying only antagonizes | the people. In an assembly of men ) she must bo a positive hinderunoo aud an obstruction as a prohibitionist. 1 behove that if I wore, a man and a lot of women tried to make a prohibitionist of mo I should drink more than evor. Their olliciousiiess in raiding saloons I think not only unwomanly but most culpable. That she cau exert a powerful influence for good both in the interest of politic-sand torn pern nco everybody admits, but there is a time for everything and a proper place. Tho youth is always ready to take impressions and she has her relatives and friends among the adults, but she cannot attempt even to reform strangers or to carry her work into public places without personal loss aud neglect of the home or school. "I cannot libido a woman as a public speaker, preacher or teacher. If a wtjinuu has anything to say let her say it in writing aud have the matter published. Thero is . no boiler way of reaching tho people than by means of the press. I don't like tho idea of a woman cheapening herself by public exhibition. I cannot bear to have a woman rise in church even. Mr. Boechcr used repeatedly to invite the people lo get right up if they had anything to say or any question to ask, and he gave the women of tho congregation a special invitation, although I repeatedly objected aud regretted he did so. I heard, too, the brilliant Anna Dickinson lecture, but it was a punishment, for with all her eloquence she could not mako mo forgot that she was a woman and out of place. I never yet saw a woman on her feot addressing a meeting or a presiding oili- cer that I did not find myself wishing she would sit down. "No, I have absolutely no sympathy for or interest iu the league's or reforms that are being conducted by so- called strong-minded women. Ladies come here almost every day asking mo to sign petitions or lend my name to the so-called movements, but I always refuse. 1 don't care anything about female suffrage. If we had it I couldn't be dragged to tlio polls. I never had any rights that wero over denied me, and I am sure that I took a great many more than I deserved. Our women don't want suffrage; Ihey want to go to work and learn how to raise their children. Girls aro not trained as they should be. They can't do anything, and Ihe saddest feature is the mother doesn't know how to instruct them either. The education our girls get at school is largely wrong. It is not education in the homo sense, /or it does not lit thorn for anything. Most of the I raining consists of accomplishments. I believe in teaching her how to mako broad and soup, lo cook beefsteak and oaten meal, to make hoi own clothes and to keep houso. I made bread when I was so small that I had to si and on a fool-rest to reach [he pun. Wo lived in tho country, whore it was so hard to get help "thai wo agreed to do tho housework ourselves, nnd my mother divided it in such a way that we had equal shares. Both my sisters hail married and gone from hnmo, and for fifteen years I was at home. Wo played sistu'rs, mother and 1. and worked liko girls rather than mother and child. "One Monday mother did the washing and I niado the cheese. Tho next week 1 was at llio tubs and mother was in the dairy. Tuesday she ironed and I did the Liking and wo had our turns at sowing and darning. Wo made everything that was worn— shirts, drosses, trousers ami all, and evon after I was married I made all my husband's clothes but his coat. Father was in dobt for now land ho had purchased and everybody saved and everybody helped to pay for tlio farm. Even our pennies for gingerbread and biitloi-.-U'oli'h wont to help father, and I remember how proudly I plaited straw that gave mo $50 a your, and, whuii I became more skillful, $150. This sum kept mo, and there was always some money lofl to buy a present for mother and 'father or some pretty ornament for tho house. "When wo bewail housekeeping and wont west Mr. Moodier had a salary of $800 a your, and I was too proud to let my people know how little we had. That was not even $1 a day. I could not live on it us I had boon accustomed to live, and so I took in boarders and took in sewing. Then came tho invaluable teachings of my mother. My husband and I worked side by side, only a partition separating hfs dusli from my tablo. When he wrote anything Unit.pleased him particularly ho would call to mo to come and hour it, nnd I dropped my work, dried my hands, listened to him ami told him just what I thought about it. In the evening I hud my mending and darning to do and he read to me. If ho was very tired I put away my workbasket and I read." SMOKELESS BAttLfeS. n* t<t \Vlmt Fnhife Will be Like. The air will be full of noise, Bays the London Broad Arrow, sharp, crisp, rattling, bellowing detonations, coming from many quarters, deceiving the judgment, shaking the nerves of tho timid and possibly interfering with the condition necessary to catch quick' ly and clearly the wor'ds of command. Smoke-volumes break and shut up sound, and in their absence there will be need of greater calmness, tho strain nil tho mind will bo more severe, the discipline required will have to bo more .rigid, the attention will have to ho more concentrated; lest, the fat- distant should attract and disturb. All this will come with the training, of which there will have to be a considerable amount, involving much waste of powder, before our troop* will bo lit to light with au enemy using smokeless gunpowder. Indeed, it will be for some timo necessary to train I lie British soldier to engage "in tho old as well as tho new battle with an enemy making a groat smoke, as well as with an enemy making none at all. Accordingly tho new powder will not bo all gain, and it will impose a deal of extra work and anxiety. It is by no means' clear what the issue would bo if two bodies of soldiers equal iu other respects, wore using different forms of gunpowder. Thn advantages of quick firing and clear sight might not long bo with the smokeless weapons, am! in the thick of a moloo troops trained in tho smokeless system might bo somewhat bewildered'. On tho other hand, especially with artillery, massed or in detachments, and of fairly long range, tho use of smokolesa powder would undoubted^ 1 bo an ad- vanlago, not only as regards rapid and accurate firing, but us offering less aim to an oncmy obscured by his own smokoaud with'uothiiig but sound to iniido him. With armies using smokeless powder it may be that ouo of its early effects will bo to. affect the color of ihe soldier's dress, subduing it in tone, and so depriving tho battle-field of another of its picturesque elements. Judging distances by colors will bo- come a most important feature in military training aud more attention will bo needed to perfect sight at such ranges as tho different anus in use will carry. How this may affect a people afflicted with short sight will become a very grave question, indeed, not wholly to be settled by the employment, of artificial aid. Maneuvers will take place over larger areas before actual fighting begins, and something of an Indian's craft and natural keenness will bo needed on the part of staff officers. The impact of solid troops will bo rarer probably and surprises much more frequent than they have been in recent warfare, unless a freer handling of mounted troops is resorted to or surveys from fixed balloons can bo made to play au important part. Smoke has been so good a cover on many occasions that its absence will impose new conditions ami natural cover will have to bo much more extensively utilized. These aro general intended to do more limiuary surveys and the smokeless battles of the future may bo like. The strictly practical is for more elaborate examination iu tho light of the best information obtainable interpreted by tho common-sense which ought to be brought to boar upon the whole question. With tho vanishing poetry of tho smoke of battle the prose of a new era will begin, in which combat will be more like a game of chess in view of the pieces as a whole, and new dispositions of old qualities and virtues will be wanted. Caution will pay in a smokeless combat, on tor- prise and vigor will win as before, lint blunders will receive a terrible punishment, fatal to armies and ruinous to nations dependent on them. FAM NOTES. For egg production more nitrogen ous food is required than for fattening poultry. Take good care of the corn fodder. We give this advice every year. It a grand, good fodder for sheep. Science in farming is simply th<5 application of sound cninnum sense to the every day operations nt' the farm. A Utah farmer concludes from eS perience that wheat will do belter to suggestions not than excite pro- ideas as to what Hoart Disease Prom Physical Exertion. A surgeon states that of 5,000 decrepit or aged soldiers that have been brought under his notice, fully SO per cent wore suffering from heart disease in one farm or another, duo to the forced physical exertion of tho campaign; and ho predicts (hut as lanjn a percentage of athletes of to-day will bo found, twonty-fivo years from 'now, to bo victims of heart disease, engendered by the muscular strains that they forced themselves to undergo. Tho Direction of Growth in Roots, While it, is the rule for primary roots, 01" those first developed, to grow downward, tho secondary branches usually tend to assume a direction almost ut rifi'lit angles to tho vertical, and so grow outward and a little downward, as if they woru but slightly susuoptiblo to tho' action of gravity; while tertiary branches, and the farther brunches to which thosu give rise, grow in all directions quite independent of gravity. It is plain that as a result of those peculiarities Iho active parts of tho root aro distributed in such a manner as to search tho surrounding earth more thoroughly than would otherwise bo possible. In case a slope or other obstruction is encountered by any of tho branches, the tip is turned aside and follows the contour closely until tho odgo is reached, when it soon assumes its proper direction. Not infrequently it must happen that some root-outing animal will destroy tho oud of a young primary roul t and so endanger Iho proper development of tho whole system, but experiment has shown ihat iu the event of such injury one of the youngor secondary branches changes its direction of growth, so as to point directly downward, and thus assume tho function of tho primary root In promote tho search for food iu tho doopur regions.— I'opular Science Monthly, succeed potatoes than any other crop, Professor Sheldon says silage anc hay mixed arc better for milk production than either hay or silage alone would bo. Secretary Sessions estimates thai Massachusetts produced under glass last year 2.500,000 heads of lettuce ant 8,7()6'.000 cucumbers. Professor A, J. Cook, nrnetioa' apiarian, .-ifier a trial of all --boiL-siim. remedies" he ever heard of or saw suggested, recommends ammonia as best. Ono of the very finest fertilizers foi melons is old boiies, .gathered and duced by placing them in alternate layers with ashes tlie year previous- to uaing them. To prevent the attacks of tho sheep gad ily, boro two-inch holes in a largo log and throw salt into them, with tar smeiu-cd at the top; the sheep, in licking the salt, smear their noses with the tar. The sugar boot is a valuable root for general cultivation, oven where no sugar factory has been established. Considering case of cultivation it is the bust root to increase milk production in fall and winter Never forgot that wood ashes aro a capital fertilizer. Thoy are not usually wasted, but they aro often not very .intelligently applied. Somo claim that they aid iu keeping Iho soil moist. Thoy aro better and cheaper that the commercial fertilizers. Tho beech is overcoming nil other trees in tho struggle for existence in the Danish forests. It is driving out the birch, except iu marshy places; it is taking the places of tho firs; and there are signs that it is gradually gaining the advantage over tho oaks. The experience of Paris and New York horse car companies is said to be that gray horses aro the longest lived and givo tho greatest, amount of service. Roan horses are about equally good. Cream-colored horses lack staying power, especially in Summer. Bays show an average". Black-hoofed horses are stronger aud tougher. Buttermakers, says G. W. Farloe, in the Country Gentleman, must remember that to mako a stable market, at good prices, the butter must be universally good—not good one week and of indifferent quality next. Good customers aro always" critical; they are soon lost if he product varies in quality from week to" week. Especially do they dislike two or throe colors in one jar or package. An Indian corn exhibition at Edinburgh is leading tho Scotch to eat our great staple, aud they express a preference for it to oatmeal. A local'paper says: "Indian corn bread is pleasant to tho taste and lighter than oatmeal, and if people arc onco acquainted with tho really wholesome and . nutritious food that can be made from the corn it is thought that exportation may prevent tho waste in America." Feeding broken oil cake to fowls twice a week will often promote laying, when other foods fail to givo good results. It can be obtain from the linseed oil works iu any large city and at a price that will pay to keep it on hand. It is beneficial to horses, cattle and hogs as well, and some farmers keep it for this purpose and forget the chickens—don't you. There is much to learn about fowls; what they require as food and how to feed it, every farmer must learu to be successful. It is most css.sential to the profit of the dairy that tho milker's attention »nd muscular energy be focused on the labor under his hands, says the American Cultivator. If ho'sits"in a cramped position, with knees gripping a lieuvj pailful of milk, llio slipping of the teats becomes of secondary importance to his physical comfort. If, on tlio other hand, he employs a stool with projection to support'tho pail, or perhaps bettor yet, has a pail, with stout ears on the rim to lap on his knees, tin milking can bo performed with ease and fYtdlily, and full justice can thus be done to the task. Orchards that have been long un plowed and have a tonsil sod will usually havo their roots near tho surface, says the Cultivator. If thoy aro to be plowed at all the work must be done early while tho buds are dormant. If the roots aro cut up much later in Summer while iho trees are in leaf, it may prove u serious check to old trees, though with young, vigorous trees on rich soil it may be just the treatment needed to set them lo fruiting, rather than growing an excessive amount of wood. If plowing is done early.it will for butter than when it was used t6 cheese. On the Derbyshire hills it ffi a common saving that "t»<» land made the best cheese." doxical as this might be it was true, although it assumed that the poof "land was sound, in that it required nO artificial drainage. Cheese produced upou such land as this, if property made, would bo better than that produced on rich land. Sometime tnilk has a "cowy" odor and the cause is little understood. Cows drink large quantities of watet? and not half of it, says Country Gentleman, passes off through the kidneys. When in health and the skin clean, by far the lanrer Bart finds an outlet through the pores of the skin anil takes along with it effete matter and offensive odors which are thrown off through the tine capillaries with the perspira* tion. Proper action of the skin is.aS necessary for the purification' of the blood as'is the healthy action of the lungs. When milk -has a "cowy" odor, it is certain that the skin is not working riirht, allowing tlie impurities to lie ill row n back into tho blood, whence some of them find their way into the milk, making it smell of the cow. This suggests that to have pure milk and sweet butter, the skin'bust bo kept clean from scurf which fills up the pores; frequent grooming is the easiest way. Clean cows do not give "cowy" milk. BITTEN BY A CILA MONSTER. Ho Think* Hn Is Iho Only Mnn Ever Hooovisrei! from Sucli Tlittt n Bile. not injure trees, provided care be taken not to injure their trunks by rubbing against them. According to a recent report received from W, C.' Gnrrard, Secretary of llio Illinois State Board of Agriculture, during 1889, 804,774 foot of 'drain tile were laid in Illinois. This is 105,490 fcot less than was laid in 1888. but the Digger Indians. Tho Digger Indians of California are becoming quilo civilized and well- to-do financially. They own ranches, with horses, cuitlo, wagons, machinery, carriages, etc., and many of them work for tho whito farmers harvest time, dying good Hue. during world in this State is pretty well tiled now, except in Iho southern division whore thero are only two feet of tile to each acre of cultivated ground. Thero aro now in tho Stato 522,39(5.520 feot of tile, or an average of twenty-seven feet to each acre of cultivated land. In tho northern division there is an average of twenty-four foot of tile to each aero of cultivated bind, and in central Illinois forty-throo feot. Tho best tiled county in tho Stato is Phut, where there aro 298 foot to each cultivated acre. Professor Sheldon says tho proportion of butter iu nrilk was much more easily influenced by changes of food than was the proportion of"casoiuo; so that it followed that the nitrogenous was more constant than tho nou-uiiro- geuous matter. Thus tho improvement of milk was more' in the direction of , an increase of cheesy matter; therefore ) tho high feeding of cattle was more «imn.i.>twnus whnn Ihe n-'ifc W ns used •A few months ago the news thn Waller L. Vail, a cattle dealer, IWT! boon bitten by a gila monster in Ari-' ia and miraculously survived the accident, was telegraphed all over the country, and much discussed at the'- time. Mr. Vail is at present in tho city, aud was seen b_y a Chronicle reporter yesterday. Ho is a middle-aged man and has every appearance of a tried frontiersman with iron nerves and indomitable courage. "Yes, I guess I am about the only man who had sueli an experience with the gila monster who has lived lo loll the talc," said Mr. Vail, when asked to tell his story. 'Some months ago," said IIP, "I was riding on horseback over a cattle range about twenty-three miles from Fane- tclla Station, in Arizona, iu company with three oilier gentlemen, when I saw one of these ugly looking monsters crawling along. I dismounted, determined to kill the brute, nnd clubbed it over tho head with a stick until I was convinced that life must have become extinct. I then lied it with a string to my saddle and rode on. Pretty soon I wauled to make sure that the string iad not broken and that tho monster was still where I had tied him. and for that purpose reached backward to feel ~r>r hn». I became at ouco convinced that ho was there, for he was still alive and tonic hold of ono of ::iy lingers with his jaws. Of course, having: lived many years on the fronti'-r, I~knew, well that tho bite of a gila monster was considered doadly, and to tell the truth was badly frightened. 1 caWod'"Y|" companions, and when they loarni what had happened they worn cv| more frightened than I was. All thl time the hideous brute held oyuto nl finjror. and it took fully threojKiiiiutl brfmv wo could pry his jawsj^pou wit| a wodge so that. I became |'|p»ralod "Somo ouo in the party tic:) a strinl around my linger and anolher aroiinl my wrist to stop the circulation of Hit poisoned blood, and I took a I Jig sw allow of whiskey, not as an antidote, " as a stimulant. Everybody in tliel party expected to see mo "dio right) there, but I made up my mind to live, if possible. I mounted my hnrse and started on a twenty-three mile ride to Panetella Station, iiud I tell you it was a ndo for life. I made those twenty- three miles iu just one hour aud twenty-five minutes. By the time I reached Pauetplla my back and my legs began to pain. I felt liko a man "who was under the influence of a strong curront of electricity, and suffered greatly. An engine for which I had telegraphed on my arrival arrived at tho'station about an-hour after I had reached it, and I was conveyed to Tuscan, a distance of twenty-eight miles. Medical science saved my life, but not until I h iu I passed through ten days of intense sulferiii!;." Mr. Vail stated that he had received communications from all over the world since the publication of his adventure, and that scientists, specialists and physicians have repeatedly quested full particulars of his easo.l Han Franciseo Chronicle. How GbiUlroit Arc Spoiled. It is easy enough lo spoil a child] No groat art is demanded. Onlv Hired or four things are requisite to eom.4 plete tho work. Mako ull tho nurses wait on him and ily at his biddin.'; him learn novor logo for a drink° bu always have it brought to him; at ten years of ago have Bridget tic his shoe-, strings) let him striku anm.ie because i • i i , , "•" ••**- "vuilUntJl she tt,ll not gel him a sugar-plum. He] will soon learn that the houso is |,j"l realm, and ho is to rule it. He will come up mto manhood one of thoso precious spirits that demand obeisance and service, and with the the world i s his knifu, he will that does not oyster, proceed to spoil him, that with open. If Juy him a horse; it is exhilarating ^!lT' lt r? ls " L ' l '° ai '' ll ' i| n<<l- good horseback ride shakes uu liver aud helps the for ! t is almost impossible to be aro Witt Tulntnge, Uonie Journal. »»* V

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