The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on January 28, 1891 · Page 6
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 28, 1891
Page 6
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-> >f * TO WPEHM8 M01NE8. ALGOKA. IOWA. WEDSESPAY, JAtWARY.28.1891. 'the tic)Is of Lynn. 1frh«S >h£ etc la growing gtnf, and tlie tld« to •> J Mt ftfidlook noross the bay to tho bonny to#h of Lynn, And the finltci- folks are ntoit, a- Biit I wish they never licaf Th« songs tho frit bolls make for mo; tno bonny bolls of Lynn. (Hid folks HNS olittltlnff pay, find 1 hour tholr , merry din. But I look nnd look noross tho bay to tho boh' ny town of tiffin j Ho (old mri to wftlt hero „. Upon tho old brown pier: To »ut tn ml wulcli lilm coming wlion the lido Is rolling; in. Ob, I eoo him fulling Btrohg—pulling o'or the bay to mo, And I hear tits jovial song and his merry fnoa I ecu; And now he's tit tliebtor. My bonny lovo nnd ifenrl Add no's coming up tho Bcii-wasliod stops with hatids outslrutchod to mo. O, My lofo, your chock Is oold ttnd your hands _, » nroHtnrk and Uiltil 0, Iiorirvou nob I ho boils of old, tho bonny bolls of Lynn? O. have you niuiglit to sny Upon mil 1 wudiJIriir day?, licnr jott not our wedding 1 bolls across tho bay of Lynn? Oh, my lovor, speak lo mol and hold mo fast, tnlno own' For ] four this fifing sea and thcso winds and WU.VUB 1,1ml iiuMiiiJ »*»»»» Unl, never n word ho Bald I Ho la ileml! my love IB dead I Ah, mol nil, mol 1 did bin, ilreiim and I am all alono. Alono nnd old mid Kr,iy, and tho Hdo Is rollliitr In, But my Iionrl'a awny, away, away In tho old gruvoyurd at Lynn I —li'rmlorlck K. Welhorby. TUB JACK-POT. There were live of u.s in the party— six, counting Long ".'om, tho guide. After two days 1 hard climbing, which the burros endured with exemplary •fortitude, wo arrived at the little valley high up In the mountains, through which threaded tho trout stream. "Jest you all go over into tho cabin there and make yourself comfblc, while I'tend lo gellin 1 Ihis stuff unpacked," said Long Tom; "there an't no ouo there. My piirdncr, he's down below. 11 i "Tho cabin appears lo bo two cabins," said the colonel, as we approached it. "That is for economy in ridge poles," .said tho doctor: "sleeping apartments on one side and kitchen on the oilier. In Iho space between you keep your ! fishing-Inkle and worms." Wo entered the right-hand section of tho twin cabin, which proved to bo the kitchen side. There way not much furniture—a table of hewn Jogs, a chair of bent saplings, aud a i-ousrh bench. However, wo did not notice such furniture as there was, for each member of the parly, as ho stepped over Iho threshold, had his attention instantly atlracted by tho sto've, and a brief roundelay of ejaculations wont along the group. "Well, that'staggers mo," said the stock-broker. "I-Pm," said the professor in a mysterious lone and rubbed his chin. Tho stove was a plain, small, cooking-range, rather old and rusty. Tho Btrango thing about it was ils position. Us abbreviated legs stood upon largo ecdar posts, which worn planted in the floor and wore over four feel in height. This brought tho stove away up in mid-air, so that'the top was about on a level with tho face of tho colonel, aud ho was a six-footer. Wo formed a circle about the stove and stared at it as solemnly as a aronp of priests around a sacrllicial tripod. Wo felt of tho posts, they wore lirm and solid, showing that tho mysterious arrangement was n permanent, not a •temporary, one. Then wo all bout •our necks and opened our mouths to look at the hole iu the roof, through -whicji tho stovepipe vanished. Suddenly the stock-broker burst out (into a laugh. "Oh, I understand it now," ho said. .'•Understand whatP" said the colo- inol sharply. •Why Long Tom, has his stove lioistoil up so high from the floor. "So do I," said the doctor; "but 1 Inspect that my explanation is not the lame that any ouo olso would offer." "Well, I will but that am I right," feaid the stock-broker, "and put up tho apuey." T am in this," said tho judge; "I r tiavo a clear idea about that stove and ',wUl back it." ' "Make it a jack-pot," said the colonel; ''I want to lake a hand." ' The stock-broker drew a small yol- low coin oul of his pocket and dropped .'{t Oil the tab'e. ''He lias the stove upthore," he said, ''to get a bettor draught. In this rarefied mountain air there is only a small t amount of oxygen to the cubic inch, aud combustion is more dillleult to secure than in Ihe lowia? latitudes. I have heard that if you get high enough up you can't cook an egg—I hat is. I mean, water won't boil—or .something like that," ho continued, thrown into ywddott'oonfiision by the discovery that: professor's eye was fixed on him with sarcastic gu/.c. "Is that supposed to be science?" demanded the professor. "Well," said the stock-broker doggedly, "nc\"er miud t)j<j reasons, Ks- purieuee is probably good enough for Long Tom. Ho lituls that he gets a better draught for his stove l\,y having id, un in mid-air, so ho has it there." "Tho right explanation," began tho , professor, "is the simplest. lily idea ' W that " "Excuse mo," interrupted the stockbroker, tapping tho lablu; "are you in this pot?" The professor made a deposit and i proceeded: f "Have you noticed that our host is a very tall man? Like most men of fclds height, ho hates lo bond over. If t the slovo was near tho floor ho would have lo sloop down low when ho whirl- spoiired a rusher of can stand up and do .with ease. Your draught theory is good; the longer the pipe," if the better the lire will burn." : j rofossor," remarked the colonel, to have to toll you that vein- is gone. LongTom told ulu ou |vay up, that his partner did all tho 'iig, aud ho is a man of rather 'stature." The colonel paid his jjlimouts lo Ihe jack-pot, and con- 'i\\ ".Now, my idea is that the j ^j heats the room bettor there than ( tlie floor, (t is onlv a cookiav •"«»-."- stove to be siiro, but when tne winter is cold it makes tho room comfortable 1 , Being up in tho rriidd'o of space, it heats till equally as wall, which it could not do if it Were down below," The doctor greeted this theory with a laugh. "Colonel," ho said, "vou tiro wild—way off thn mark. Hot nir rises, of eo'.irse, and the only way to disseminate is to have your stove as low ns possible. According to your idea it would bo n good plan to put tho furnace in the attic of a house instead of in (he basement." ' '•I think," said the colonel, "that I Could appreciate your argument bolter if yon would ante.'" "Thcjjot is mine," said tho doctor, aa He deposited, the coin; -'you will adopt my idea the moment you hear it, and Long Tom, who will bo hero in a minute, will bear mo out. This room is very small; it has but little floor space, and none of it goes to waste. Now, If he had put the stove down where wo expected to liml it Long Tom could not have made use of an area underneath, as you sou ho has done. On all sides of tlie supporting posts you will notice^there tiro hooks on wlileh ho hangs his puns and skillets. Underneath llioro is a kitchen closet for pots and cooking utensils of various sorts. What could be more convenient? Under your ordinary stove there is room only for a poker and a few cockroaches.'' 1 Tho judge, who had been listening to tho opinions offered by the others with tho Kame grim smile thai occasionally ornamented his face when ho announced that an objection was overruled,' now stepped forward and dropped a coin on I ho table. Ho then rendered his decision as.follows: "It appears that none of you has noticed the forest of hooks in the roof just over the stove. They are not in use at present, but they are there for some purpose. 1 imagine tiiat during the winter lingo pieces of venison and bear's meal dangle over tho stove and are dried for use later. Now, if tho stove wore on the Iloor it would bo too far from the roof to bo of service in this way." "Hero comes old Tom," shouted the colonel, who had stopped to the open door while the judge was speaking. _ Tho olrl trapper pub down tho various articles of baggage with which his arms wore loaded and came into tho kitchen cabin where we all stood. lie glanced at the group and then at the stilted st'ovo in our midst. "I see yon are all admirin' my stove," said lie, "and I'll bnt yon've been wonderin' why it is up so high. 11 "Yes, wo have," said tho professor, "how did yon know it?" "People must allus jest as soon as they come into the place begin to ask mo about it— that's how I knowed." "Well, why is it up so highP 11 demanded the stock-broker, impatiently., with aside glance attho well-developed jack-pot on tho table. "1'ho reason's simple enough," said Long Torn, with a grin that-showed his bicuspids; "you sue wo had to pack all this stuff up hero from down below on burros. Originally there was fourj'iuts of that stovepipe, but the cinch wasn't dra'ved tijrht enough on the burro that was carry in'them, and two of'em slipped out and rolled down tho mountain. When wo got hero and found that there wasn't but two pieces left I reckoned that I would have to kinder h'ist the stove to make it lit the pipe—so I jost in and h'isted her. And I liar she'is yet. Say, what's all this hero money on' the table forP" There was a deep silence wi'ich lasted so long that Tom ventured to repeat his question about tho money. "It is a jack-pot, 11 said the d'oetor, sadly, "and as near as I cau make out it belongs to you."— San Jfranoisco Aryoittiitt. FOR TILE Important Kxpr-rlml-ntu tot fit* tt6 inent of Sttliif. ttt the Indlftnn iTntver H.ittnr. o.itftep Creeks from Ovd-floWlnc-G Advice to FnrinrWt— Kicking Itor«p* with Green Mmiurc Ac, Street Railroads in Mexico. For common-sense rules, good judgment as to what a public wants, the street-car companies of the City of Mexico excel till others. First place, no bolls are used on the horses or mules. The lime made per mile is bettor than any other city in the world, excepting machine-power lines. What scorns strange to foreigners, but which is afterwards roeogni/ed as a very sensible idea, a horn with a peculiar soft and sonorous tone is blown by tho driver before each crossing is re.ichod and to warn trespassers on tho track. It cannot bo imitated by boys, as the \yhi. Jo is often done. All lines have, second, mid third class cars, and besides these they have lirst and second class fun era Tears. Market women and persons with lingo baskets and bundles must either take the second class-cars or market cars, which at the same time are cheaper. Tho funeral cars can bo hired in trains of from two to ti<n cars and arc draped in black, with regulation employes, Those cars of course make the same time as tho regular cars and everything goes along smoothly and swiftly. Anoilicr lino of cars running to the "baths" will sell yon a bath ticket and your faro J'or 25 cents, "hot or cold," and from anv part of I lie city through which the line runs. Tho conductors say, "Thank you," (in Spanish, of course) when you pay .your faro, and will stop ou either side of tho crossing fora passenger. Everybody smokes on the oars, men and women,—A'. Y. ]i'urUl. SiWttt 111 tVlicnt Anil Oats. If,wheat to Irfryised for seed is suspected of I'ontalifing any germs b) smut, it should be put through a treatment with copper sulphate (blue vitriol or blue stone, but not copperas, w.hicl' is a different stibstnueo nnd ineffective) or with hot water. The copper SUN phate treatment consists in dipping the seed into a solution of one poiiud u> one gallon of water, letting it remain live minutes with constant' stirring tu wet the grain evenly, and then spreading on a llqpr to dry, or shoveling bvel \vith the addition to laud plaster and slacked lime until dry. The method is not troublesome or costly and is effective. The treatment will prevent all or nearly all occurrence of smut in the crop following; it will also, how- over.somowhat retard the early growth of the grain and may somewhat : decrease the yield. A test of the hot water and copper sulphate methods applied to oats was carried out on the Purdue (Ind.) Univorsitv Station farm under tho supervision of Professor W. C. Latta. Tho facilities for making the tests were only such as any far tne t has at hand, tho work being 'done by the farm laborers, who are of the same class of workmen that are employed on other farms. Although the process is a very simple one, yet a .description of tho exact method of handling the seed may be. of service to others who contemplate the treatment of their own seed grain. Professor Latta has written out the following account of tho work done on the station farm: "In treating oat seed last spring we used cold rain water with one pound of copper sulphate to ouo gallon of water. A common washlnb was tilled about two- thirds with water, and enough finely powdered copper sulphate put in to give tho strength just slated. A bushel of seed wheat was put into a coffee- sack (any sack made of coarse open cloth will do) tied near the top of the sack and immersed live times in the copper sulphate solution, turning and kneading the sack so as to thoroughly wet all the seed. The sack was Thou placed on bars across tho top of the tub to drain a minute, after which the seed was spread thinly on an airy iloor. Tho process was repealed with another bushel of seed and so on until enough had been treated. To hasten tho drying and prevent swelling of the seed it wn»j dusted heavily and repeatedly with land plaster (pulverized air-slacked lime will answer as well), and mixed thoroughly. It is well to continue the stirring every few minutes for a few hours, and i'f the seed cau be exposed meanwhile to the sun, or to a good current of air so nuich tho better. As each bushel will take up a part of the solution, it must be replenished from lime to time, adding both water and copper sulphate in the proper proportions. Be suro that the copper sulphate is linelv powdered, or the solutio'n will be too weak at lirst and too stroiig toward the last. .A man and boy can'troat'six or eight bushels of seed in an hour. In treating with hot water wo filled two wash tubs No. 1 at 125 degrees to 130 degrees fahren- hoit and No. 2 at 130 degrees to 133 degrees fahronheit. (The'present season's results show that the water in tub No. 2 should have been kept nearly live degrees hotter.) The seed inclosed in a sack as in copper sulphate treatment was immersed in tub No. 1, then drained a few seconds and immersed live minutes in tub No. 2. The lirst tub was used simply to warm tno seed ami prevent redlining the temperature below 130 degrees in the second tub. The seed was spread and dried as in the treatment with copper sulphate. Care must be taken to add hot water from time to. time to maintain tho where turnips, were cows had a strong ter ffotn a fafm not used for the turnipy flavor and 18 is believed- hv Professor 8tJ6rch that this flavor is de"- rlved from the presence of A certain kind of bftciefia. The German Writer suggests that, if cream like milk can be heated to.J60 degrees Fahrenheit, add thus sterilixod add then Cpoled rapicllv, so that it remains fresh at the eild of thirty hplirs, it would bo possible to produce'the necessary form of acidity by the introdiictidn of normal ncid* producing bacteria before the few organisms had time to exercise any dangerous influence.'' It has beau ciis- tqmai'y to heat .creaitl to a somewhat high,temperature ill some factories for yi'ars. and to rapidly cool it, although the process is attended with some loss of cream. In order to., obtain such bacteria. Professor Storcli procured u sample of Ihejmttermilk, produced in a dairy famous for the high din racier of,its butter. In this he discovered Hi roe varii'ljes of organism whose physiological action upon Liu; milk ho described . in the following lonns: Whore No. T was Used the coagulum produced was smooth and soft, homogeneous, with what may bo termed a clean,acid llavor, and faint but. clean smell. In the case of No. 2 the coagulum was lirmer, the laslo was clean, but acid and the smell scarcely so clean and not so perceptible as in the previous instance. In No. 3 the coagulum was lirm and homogeneous, the smell very faint.and somewhat impure. Experiments were next, tried with bacteria : lakon from butler, but the results were not favorable. In another series, however, seven different kinds of bacteria whieh produce acidity were obtained from cream which had been procured from a dairy famous for its excellent and sweot- sihelling butter. Two of the varieties eommunciated a strongly marked aromatic smell to Iho milk, although it was uot so intense as that of soured cream in the dairy. Tho'.process of souring or acidification was repeated a number of times with the same kind of bacteria,:and the same aromatic, buttery, but slightly acid, smell was obtained. ,-Next twenty pounds of steril- ised cream was acidilied by the introduction, of these bacteria, and subsequently, churned. The result appears to have been all that could bo desired; so that it was concluded that these bacteria are one of the sources from whence tho aroma of butter is obtained. There cau be little doubt that bacteria eau lie produced iu a dairy which will have a beneficial influence upon the llavor of every article made from milk produced in it; but if this is the case, it is equally evident that by carelessness, uncleauliness and bad management dangerous bacteria may also be bred, and certainly more easily, the result of which will be the llavor of the butter or the cream, or of the cheese is extremely bad, and it may be perhaps unwholesome.— Farmers' Review. farmers snonitt teen tneif grain at home and So afrabge their affairs that they will not be compelled to sell as soon as harvest is over. He says: "Our government has no way of get* ting mbni'v to loan bnt from the peo i pic. The snrpliH can all be paid out on tlie l^.itiona! debt very soon. As i-esrnrds bitr elevators for storing, Controlled by farmers on borrowed money, we do mil like the looks nf it. Store up in your own granary, mid sell when you get decent pay for your labor. All firm products s'ell for what it is worth to raise them some time, sooner or latef. Lean away from what is being overproduced by fanners who can do nothing else, tnelino to what others avoid that requires skill. Iowa people pay too much for good cheese at present. Slu<ly how lo 'makehonest Put all the cream in and stick to I hat and you will make money. We rarely <rot a bite of hoiib.-.-t cheese. The taste of our people is not being educated In oat ciiee-c IIWMIMC I hey rarely get iho genuine arliclo. Iowa needs family cheeses with Mil the cream in, and the world wauls such cheese and will always pay for it. Hut lirst determine whether .you are honest enough to put in the cream. Very few are. Look about and see what the world is doing and keep out of crowds going to mat'kot. Produce what is avoided. Produce what sells well. Whilr> sn nnif'h land is being robbed for grain avoid selling. The best horses pay and will pay. The best beef pays aud will pay. The best mutton pays and will continue to pay. So will economically produced hogs. What- r good grass and grain is the basis kept ou several days and nights if Mc- essary. It will have a greater effeftM aud be less likely to produce any sot tress and tenderness if the material!, under the tail, as well as its Si2e atia position, are varied every day. The crupper can bo shortened and length* ened so as to touch different parts of the tail. On the second day a piec'e of woolv slifiepskin may take the place of the duster, ou the third a hay band, ott the fourth a loose cloth or n wide piece of leather or sacking, and • thus continue something new until the colt will take no notice of any harmless thing, and will uot pinch any of them when 'placed under his tail. imvu iu siuup uuwu i ii3d a flap-jack or sj; C*TLac.on. Now, ho cai It pure milk only were sold m 1,011- don it is osliiwaicd'lhat from 20,000 to 80,000 more cows would be wanted lo keep up thy supply. A Case of Troo Hcsiu-roction. Aboul 1875 a large tree of iho elm species, growing on the farm of Mi; butylh, rector of Little Ilonghton, fcnglaiul was blown down, uplurninw an iiiinBnso quantity of dirt in its fall. Ihis large ball of earth had almost cu- tiroly washed from the roots on the upper side, when in 1881, workmen wore sol lo work removing the old forest monster. When they had sawn oil several of iho large limbs ou the undermost side, to their area I astonishment, not to say downright terror, Iho tree rose of its own accord n ud <weut back into the pit excavated In* the up. turning roots six yours bofore,standiu<* up in its original place, straight as an arrow. Iu 1882 it. throw oul a fresh green head aud still stands, even to tms day, a curious example of a vectcd proper temperature. This troatme has the advantage of Imsleniiiir the sprouting and early growth, while the copper sulphate retards tho germination." From all the data at hand the Indiana Station arrives at tho conclusion that to treat scud wnoat with hoi w«let- in order to prevent smut it should bo immersed for live minutes in water at 185 degrees fahronhnit; if the tempera- lure drop below this point the seed should be left in the water a little longer time, and if tho temperature rises above it, Iho time should bo shorlenod. A greater variation than live degrees above or bnlow tho 135 degrees fahnmheit should be o'uarded against. Tho practical details of tho operation are tho same as for oats, given in the foregoing, with the exception that water is used without tho addition of copper sulphate. The hot water treatment is to bo preferred, as it docs not retard gormiuatiun. Baotoriu in Iluttoi-. Some important articles have recently appeared iu German aud Danish papers upon tho flavoring of butter. In some of the Continental countries', including Germany and Denmark, there are special inslitui'ious for life study of biological questions connected with tho dairy, and already much information has boon obtained with regard to tho inlluunce of micro-organisms upon milk, butter and cheese. it appears to bo hold by some in- yestigators that Mio flavoring, whether it bo oily, lishy, bitter, tallowy or oven tho flavor of turnips, is caused bv bacteria. Professor Storch found large numbers of bacteria of a particular variety in oily butter, but this -variety was only found in other butter iu isolated cases. He found, 'however, that it was not possible, in his own experiments at least, to produce oilv butter by the introduction of thoso bacteria kilo cream. In other cases he found bacteria which did not differ very materially in form and sizu from the normal acid-producing bacteria which, when pressut in largo quantities, in cream, produced butler with a tal- lowy llavor. Similar results were obtained by G. 1). Jensen. Again, iu another case. Professor Fjord, so well- known, as the scientist whoso influence ou Danish butter-making 1ms had such aa important effect upon Uie' buttur market of this country, found thai but- long, in hopes of draining his land. A, instead of draining into the crock, runs Cleaning' Out Small Streams. All natural water courses run through tho lowest laud; and yet it is often tnie that tho banks of streams are higher than much of the land lying at a little distance from them. In Ihe case of largo rivers care is taken to keep tho stream from overflowing the banks,but wo know of small crooks running through valuable land where shortsighted fanners, instead of trying to keep the water in the stream, direct it to their neighbors' land. Wo do not think their intention is to in jura their neighbors. They verily think they are drying their own land. Aud, in special instances, suclris tho case. We know two largo farmers. A and B. The farms are adjacent,and both are on the same crock; but tho creek runs for quite a distance through throe or foin- other farms before it reaches B's farm. B cut a ditch several hundred rods ibpos f drai his water iuto B's ditch, aud though liis house is not more than forty rods from tho crook he has constructed a sewer from his house to B's ditch, and turns all his sewage iuto it. A claims that tho land falls as it recedes from the creek, and that he has a .right to let the water run where it will. "But not into a ditch I dug for my own use," says A. And ho filled up a'portion of his ditcli and constructed another one on higher laud inlo which he lurns A's sewage, and uses it to irrigate his meadow. Is it a fact then, that a natural creek docs not run thuongh the lowest laudP Certainly nol; the trouble iu the case alluded to is simply that the crook is full of impediments, It is very crooked, and there are numerous logs, roots and branches in the stream, and for quite a distance on A's farm tho creolt in summer is almost dammed up with watercress. This tho reason why the crock looks higher than the land u few rods back. The water in the crook is dammed up and wherever it has a chance it overflows its banks, and Dovcra! farmers on thi.« same creek are unwise enough to cut ditches to carry tho wator r from Ihu creek on to their neighbors 1 land. The present year four or live industrious small farmers who raise garden crops ou mucky land had all their crops destroyed, by water which a neighbor above thorn had diverted from iho crook, This is nol. only illegal, but it is foolish. The only remedy is to clean out the creek by removing the logs and other impediments, and cutting oil' tho sharp angles with a little judicious digging, to deepen and widen the'orook where i, specially needed. The. water, if lined to tho creek, will, during the floods of spring,do much toward cleaning and deepening the creek. As it in now., comparatively little water runs through tho crock. The water bus been Averted from the creek, and floods many acres of good land, aud converts it into un unhealthy and profitless swamp.— American Agrioul< twist. UVUL j^uuu ££itiaa mm ^LUILI IH LIIU uasia of will pay the Iowa farmer better than farmers in other loc 'lilies. Seed production is profitable and neglected. It requires skill. Wo feel offish toward great projects in Commercial lines managed by farmers, like that which has brought grief, to the Texas farmers. We can, and we should encourage manufacturing of all kinds, but we arc farmers, and not manufacturers. We should encourage competition in commerce, but we are farmer's and uot commercial men. Whore combines operate to rob us, wo arc justified in striking right and left, but we need not bite off our noses to spite our faces. Thorough publication of combines and avoidance of them together with the enforcement of tho statute against them will bring them to their .senses. There is opportunity to do well in our lines. Lot us learn all we cau about our business .lirst, before we try to run the United States. Cornstalks. In traveling over this country solfld weeks ago I was much surprised to find farmers with large barns as empty as a last year's hen's nest, the winds blowing -through every crack, when the fields were full of corn fodder in the shock. In all probability when it is to be hauled in it will have to be out loose with an ax to get it. Such farmers will never learn the full value of fodder until they try a different way of saving it, writes a contributor to tho Breeders' Guide. I will now give my way of cutting corn and saving tho fodder. Tho corn should bo well ripened before it is cut up, I cut not loss than 120 and sometimes 144 hills lo the shock; small shocks expose too much surface to tho rains. I set it up straight, an equal amount ou all four sides, and when iinishod tie it with a cord of binding twine well up at tho top and my shock is done. When tho Milking; Machines. A recent issue of the Australian Colonist gives a few particulars of Bu- chanau's celebrated self-acting cow- milker, which is being used by Mr. j. L. Thompson, at the Dookio Agricultural College farm, and supplied bv the New Milking Company, Sheffield." The machiuu (if such a simple contrivance can bo classed as a machine), consists of four tubes 2 1-2 inches iu length and is about the thickness of No. 12 wire; it ite like a thick bodkin with throe round holes on each side. The end is closed and rounded so that while Iho lubo can be readily inserted into the canal of tho teat it will uot rupture or prick tho flesh. Tho six holes allow the milk to enter the tubes at different points from near tho closed end to about an iuch and a half below it; the other end of, the tube is lixed iuto a flexible gutta-percha pipe about nine inches in length, the outlet of the pipe being kept open by a metal ring. There is a tube .and pipe for each teat, and the four gutta-percha tubes are banded togelh'er at the ends so that the four streams of -milk unite before falling into the bucket. Regarding the udder as a vessel containing the milk and the teat as a closed pipe communicating, with tho liquid, it aims at opening the pipe and keepjng it open, simply allowing the milk to run out. A glance at) the contrivance in operation is sufficient to show that the principle is correct. As sqpn~Tis tho tube is inserted the milk 'spurts out, and continues lo run iu a steady stream until the wider is empty, tho flow gradually lessening, until the supply' becomes exhausted. Mr. Thompson has used the machines on two cows, and so far his results have boon faotoiy. All tho corn is dry enough lo husk I take the shock down in four equal parts on the ground, husk aud throw Ihe corn where the shock slood. When husked I tie up Ihe fodder with twine or other material, and if possible haul the fodder to the barn tho same day. If that can not be done, I set four shocks to- gelher as smooth!}' as possible, so the" rain can not drive into the middle of it, lie it well logctlier at tho top and the lirst opportunity I have haul it to Iho barn ready for use at any time. Last year I sowed a patch .of corn tlrck expressly for feed, cut and cured it well, but the cattle did not eat it near as well as that fodder in the field that ripened the ear. This may bo a stunner to some farmers, but I say try it and you will IInil it to bn true. My experience is that well ripened corn makes the best food. I do not care how lino and well cured sowed-corn may bo, it is not equal lo that which ripened the full ear. In conclusion let me say that farmers are well paid for the extra labor they put on* saving corn fodder from a feeding point alone; and every cornlield tramped by cattle all winter is injured more by that than any crop would have injured it. I make it a rule uot to let a hoof go on the (iclds after I begin to .feed in the fall. It pays me well in many ways to do so, but I will mention one: I need no ax to break clods when I plow in the spring. Paying to AVI t ness Cremation. It appears that there are people in Italy who derive a dismal sati-faction from being admitted to waich the-prd* "" cess of cremation at a charge of 4s a head, and that it is the revenue from this source that defrays tin-'cost of cre- matiug the poor folks of the ulace. DeHg-lits in Amazon*. (. very mitis- milk is effectually taken away by tho machine, this bcin tested by hand milking after the tube's have boon taken out. The cow makes no objection to. tho insertion of tho tubes, but stands quietly chewing her cud. For cows with sore teats it will be manifestly advantageous, and its use conlributcs toward cleanliness. It is a great boon to suburban residents, who experience difficulty in gettin<>- the family cow milked, but its'greaN ost merit is tho saving of labor which it effects in connection with the dairying industry, iLis cmi- Good Ailvioe to Farmers. The farmers are, not likely to be largely benoliied by recent advances in grains, because tho most of the product has passed into the hands of speculators. To avoid this in future it has been proposed that 'iho government shall build great elevators for storage of surplus grains, rud issue loans to farmers on their products. Tlie Hoq, James Wilson suggests, iu view of this ch.imeriou.) project, that Kicking Horses. Kinking horses arc a dangerous nuisance, but they can frequently be cured of Ihe habit by tho use of expedients and exorcise of paiiouco. One lesson that may take a good deal of limo with a young horse, and especially with a young maro, is allowing articles of any land to be placed between its tail and its body. The Uorsenmn lolls how this may be taught as follows: First put on a.common crupper, and fasten it moderately tight to the surcin«-lo. The fore leg may bo strapped up if necessary for this purpose, and bo lot down again as soon as all is secure. Lot tho colt move round you aud you will soon see if it is going to bo ticklish about its tail. If it kicks let it kick as lougas it, will, and when it will not kick any longer slacken tho crupper, so that it will drop three inches down its tail, and try the colt round at that. Wlven it will no longer kick at a tight or slack crupper, tie a piece of slout string as long as yourjounn-inn- line to iho crupper midway between tiie loose end of Iho string in your hand, and tighten and slacken lUe crupper with' it as the coll passes round you. Wbon^reeoncilod to this, Btrap up the lore log and take off the crupper. Fold anil secure a duster or some such fabric round it, so* aa to make the part that goes under the lail three or four inches m diameter. Then put the crupper ou again and try the colt with it. If it kicks keep it goin<r HUtil it kicks no longer. See that it Is not too tighl and that there'is nothing about it to make the verv louder ski t«e tail eoru. §o tfiat it ma,v ft Not content uith appointinw his aged grandmother, Queen Victoria, to tho colonelcy of a crack dragoon re°-i- ment, and inducing her to have a portrait painted of herself arrayed in the light bl m tunic and gold-embroidered shoulder straps of the corps, Emperor William has now issued a decree ordering that all the female employes of tho postal service shall iu future wear a uniform composed of dark blue tunio with yellow clolh facings, collars and cuffs, and adorned by a suitable number of silver-plated buttons. As vel- low is an extremely trying color to"the complexion, the various pqs* mistresses and clerks are reported to bo on the verge of a mutiny, which would cor- taiuly paralyze Iho imperial mail service iu more senses than one. Like his brother monarch of Dahomey, whoso bodyguard is entirely composed of amaaons, tho youno- sovereign of Germany scorns to bo Sent on endowing Venus with the attributes of Mars and not only his venerable grandmother, but also his mother his sisters aud various other of his female relatives have boon appointed to colonelcies and captaincies in his army and appear at reviews dressed in the embroHlcrcd and laced tunica of their respective re^imi<nu. Their Rapid Growth. A writer in the English Labor Trit* uiie gives some interesting fncts rola- tivo to the growth in membership and funds of tho mining unions in En"- iiutl, from which it appears that the last year has been ouo of the most memorable m the history of such or- gaimations. Tho growth, ho says, has been rapid boyond all previous experience. Tho Yorkshire inoreaso is of c< ""' s " th " "lost conspicuous, but the growth in Derbyshire is scarce v less rom.iBk.ible. Tho membership^ has ihau doubled during the yew o society is nearly £6,000 better Mr. Cowoy's •enthusiasm over and the society is off. " '• such a fuel is fully justifiable, contrast between the present state of and the days so well romoin- liy the veterans of unionism when union propagandism was ' terribly uphill work, is indeed ing. I here is no reason to question the solidity of the niovomeat. The expansion is that mm-anionists wo could not be convinced by a----- — acknowledge tho force of a 40 increase in wages. They are unable to resist the logic of tlmt f.,n? T! should bo .added 1 that the ™ h 2 also an unanswerable lostimonv tn th " u societies have been to the conlidoupp men repose in their leaders. managed and the Paupers j, ori( , oni }' tor drink about $70.000,

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