The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on January 28, 1891 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 28, 1891
Page 3
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fJ~ if!?' ' '** " , '• tJPPfifl BES MOlNm ALGOMA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, JANtJAliY 28,1891, i BY MAMIE SARAH BRIO HAM. "'I'fleh they change mightily by coming te America,' 1 said Colonel Haynes. "To be stire, sonie of them are, as you say, Vagabonds iiiid drunk-finis; but'the most of tneni are sober, industrious people; and toot only provide for themselves and their families, but send a large part of their earnings back to Ireland every year." "1 have tenants on my estate who could never pay the rent but for the aid that comes.from boys and girls in America," I Said. "And they arc sober, hard-working men, anxious to keep their holdings." "I think, Lord Waverland, that you have been taking lessons of Sir Wren," snfrt the Duke of Melvorne, walking back and forth through the room, "1 remember ho used to be very bitter against absent landlords." "He thinks they are n curse to Ireland yet," I said, "by draining the country of a million pounds n year. He claims that no nation on earth could avoid famine under such a system." "That remains to be seen," said Lord Sanders. "I know fhcrc ;;vo tuoro tenant farmers In America, than in, Scotland and England combined. A large per cent of tho land owners arc Kuglishmeii, too. Why, I derive nearly two hundred thousand dollars a year from tenant farm- el's in America, and I am not the only one who is reaping ;i rich rewurd from Am.ori- can labor. But there is no sign of a I'iimlnu there, as yet." "No," said tho Duke of Mclvonte, "on tho contrary, America is one of the most prosperous nations on the globe." "Wo are a prosperous mil ion," said Colonel Haynes with animation, "but this heavy drain on our people may cause suffering before we are expecting ft."' - "O, bah, on your suffering! 1 expect to hear tho American people b:.".-;::i to complain cut n compliment to this infernal Irish agitation," said Lord Sanders, with more arrogance ' than usual. "1 am not afraid of any complaints, as long as tho laws are made to suit ourselves." "But -the laws arc made by the puople and for the people," protested Colonel Haynes. "Ha,.ha, you haven't cut your eye teeth yet," laughed Lord Sanders. "Why, every clause enacted by the Illinois Legislature has .been in favor of the landlord.?. You cannot llnd a tenant In Ireland that is bound under such strict laws as iny tenants in Illinois an?." "Then God pity them." I said. ' "It seems tome," said Colonel Haynes, "that about the time Ireland is free from English landlords America will be pretty well burdened with them. The thought is repulsive. We love to call our land, "Tho land of the free and the homo of the brave." Our forefathers fought and suffered a hundred years ago to make it a nation of homes. But.not one drop of precious blood was ever given to make it a trading ground for English capitalists or to give foreigners the, power to oppress our people I" "Well, don't get excited," said Lord Sanders, going to the Colonel and placing his hand upon his shoulder in the most familiar manner. "\Ve pay for the lands we get, and we have a right to buy wherc- '- .;«'.'• ?-7i'e choose. And, then, we have a right to use our own property as we wish. No government on earth has a right to say where I shall live or where I shall spend my money." "Tliiif is true." r.-.i-.l the Duke of Melvorne, approvingly. "T hold largo tracts of hind i:i the United States now, and I intend to own ten times as much within the next five years." "Hear! hear}-" ortal oral voices. "So will we." The evening pass »foro we realized It. Many besides ourselves had been interested in tr.o discussions. The .Duko of Melvorne invited (.\.loncl Haynes and myself to bo his guest M during our stay in Loudon. is u..—A nsr.uiiriu suocit. Blue Ridge is beautifully located on the upper Thames several miles from London. The building is a handsome mansion, built at the beginning of tho last century, when English •'gentlemen reveled in the luxury of spacious halls, superb galleries and magniliceut reception rooms. The Duke of Melvorne keeps quite a court oi lords and ladies about him who asnuse themselves according to their taste or fancy, whilo he remains free to go and come without restraint. There is always some plan for amusements being carried on by Lady Hortcnsc, an r.unt of the duke, who is the lady of tho house and entertains his guests. On the first evening of our at Blue Ridge there was a grand concert in which some celebrated musicians from London took part. It was a grand treat to m? and as I listened I thought how StolU's oyos would sparkle and her expressive i'lic- 'r<i,- spond to tho soul inspiring melody, if she was here, One day'as tho colonel and myself were having a qniot game of chess in tho duke's private parlor, a favorite resort for gentle- mon not otherwise engaged, the duke came in, saying: "Lady Horlcnso 1ms just been asking me to nncl some ono to Like Mie part of Uuol} Sam in a theatrical play they are getting up. I promised to urge yon, Colonel Hiiynes, to take tho part." "I fear I should !>,.• n failure"." said the colonel, bni; aftor a little ho sen tod to frv, When the evc-.ili'ul evening camo the great hall was brilliantly lighted, and the stage that had. bjun erected ut ono end ol tho hall was di-apjd with artistic skill. Tho play was "Undo Sam's advice to Johnny Bull." Tho Bret scene opened with Johnny Bull, a sturdy, corpulent old fellow, dressed in waistcoat, leather breeches, and a three-cornered hat, wit* a stout oaken cu'dgul in hiri hand, seated 0:1 a throuo surrounded by lords and ladies in rich appar el. Atthesamo time a chorus of voices was hoard in tho distance advancing .singing "Hail Columbia." The characters marched on to the, stage in front of the throuo, still singing. Uncle Sam came lirst, dressed iu striped pants, swallowtail coat and white stove-pipo hat. The goddess of liberty, n tall, beautiful woman, draped with stars and stripes, was at his side. They wcro followed by a company of girls dru'sml i;i white,' carrying American Hags. As they crossed the, stage, Bn- .cle Sam helped himself to a chair, crossed his logs, took from his pocket a, c.luy pipe, illlod and lit it and commenced' smoking, without having iniulc any kind of a salutation to Johnny Bull ou the throtio, while his supporters formed a acini-circle about him. J. B. (angrily). What have wo herel A mincing monkey without brains pnpugb to euluto a kintc!, f U. S. Well now, Johnny, t just catnc it for (i friendly ebat. Yon need not stan on ceremony, I'll excuse you. J. B. Kx:'ti«c me! Tho donkey, what does he mean? (Speaking to his court.) U.S. 1 mean you had better come down from yviur liigli throne and view the worlc as others do. J. B. Yes. I'll come down, but it will be to teach y<". manners. (Shaking his cud gel visnruii*::,:) Why, num. you are mad? U. S. O!i. MO, Johnny. I'm not mad, bul tills tobnec;i i.; poor stnlt. (Trying to make his pipe dfiiw.) J. B. (To the courtiers.) I'd like to nog this fellow for his impudence. (Then to U. S.) Well, what do you want? U. S. Now, Johnny don't get excited, just came to tell you that the Russian Bear Is about to pounce on you unawares, and strangled Ireland Is being brought to life by her exiled sons across the seji. J. B. (Leaves the throne and rushes from one side of the stage to the other at mention of Ireland, shaking his cudgel in U. S.'s face, while U. S. sits calmly smoking.) Yes. you are sending aid to Ireland to defeat our government if yon can, but we'll show you that it can't bo done I ' U. S. Xo, no, we're only watching. .T. B. You call it watching, do you, when millions of dollars are coming from America to help tho lazy Irish to resist law nnd order? _U. S. Now, Johnny, do bo reasonable. You never seem to fret when millions of pounds come to help pay the English landlord. J. B. O, that is private fundsl U. S. Just, so, Johnny. So is this private funds! •i. B. Be careful or you will find your public funds iu danger. I". K. Just so. I remember you were careful of your private funds a few years ago, when you sent aid by the ship load to help defeat our nation, ilvory dog has his day, Johnny. J. B. Take care what you say! I'm in no humor to enjoy a joke (shaking his cudgel with renewed vigor at U. S.). U. S. (smoking calmly). Now, Johnny, just kcej) cool. I know you hate to have us talking about you, calling you robbers and murderers, but you are too high, Johnny. Come down to the level of mankind and view things as we do; then you'll see these things for yourself. Just then a courier rushes into the hall, crying, "We are all going to be murdered! London is all blown up I The tower is destroyed! The Queen is dead, and no one is safe, i> Everyone is panic stricken. .Uncle Sam forgot to smoke; Johnny Bull forgot his wrath, and disorder reigned supreme. The man wbo brought the report had not scei anything; but the frightened people in the streets of London, he said, were running and screaming with terror, as though al England was about to be destroyed witl: Irish dynamite. We could not gain anj definite knowledge of any source, and the night was passed in dread and suspense. On the lirst train in the morning a number of us went down to ace the wreck There was nothing talked of on the train or on the streets but the terrific explosion. We soon learned that the Queen had not been in the slightest danger. But the great ornani-ntal gates leading to Westminster Hall had been thrown to the ground, and tho windows on the north and south sides of the immense buildln had been blown to atoms. The leather on the seats in the building had been cut and torn, and the horse-hair stuffing was scattered iu every direction. The great window over the entrance to Westminster Hall was shattered to fragments, and the lioors were c-jvered with broken glass and masonry. 'Die lobby of the House of Commons iu the Parliament building was completely destroyed. The strangers' gallery was thrown doivn. A chip was taken from the speaker's chair, and Mr, Gladstone's chair was in splinters. Tho western ex- trcmity of tho building was a complete wreck. But tho tower was the most perfect example of the power of dynamite. The doors were completely destroyed. Tho explosive substance had played mad pranks with the many hundred stands of arms, twisting the rilles into tho most fantastic shapes, and scattering them into wild con fusion. Londoners who heard tho explosion do- agold coin to cover doubtful points, i you should go to Washington and exarnlc the records, you Would, if you could trace it out, find millions of acres held by ilcti ctous names. Then, too, the railroads large as their grants have been, have near ly doubled their lands when sold. Here Ii a statement which I received from a frieiu of mine at Washington, that will prove what I say is true," he said, taking a pa per out of his pocket and laying it on tin table where we could examine it. "There you see tho railroads claim to have grants amounting to 29T,000,000 acres;*while b.i ascertaining what the different roads have actually earned, we find it to bo less thai one-fourth of their claims. That, is a gram success, you see, foi'the railroads." "i do not see how that is possible," salt: tho colonel, ''when their grants are defined by metes and bounds." "They are defined on the maps, bul when the lauds are surveyed they exceed the limits from 500 to 000 acres to the mile. The reports say you have 20,000 miles of completed railroads. An average of five hundred acres to tho mile gives a total gain to the corporations of some 10,000,000 acres more land than the}'have any right to. So It Is-staled in your official reports from tho laud office in Washington. Be sides that there arc immense quantities of lands claimed along lines that arc not built, and that cannot now be built under the laws making these grants, yet the cor- [Hirations claim the lands and arc selling them as fast as they can." "Now I do not wonder where the wealth that seems to flow in upon the railroad lorporntious comes from," said the colonel. "I can now see bow men can become millionaires in so short a time." "Yes, that In grand," said I. "The gov- rnment makes donations to corporations o build railroads. They double the gift, ;hen charge the people exorbifant rates for .he roads." "Wr.vcrland, you are slightly sarcastic," said the duke. 'Well, it scorns to me Hint people are very ignorant or very caivless to allow h schemes to flourish," said I. 'It would be hard work for men like Jay 3onld, th.e Vnnderbilts and oilier lignitnrius, if all the American people ivere alive to the legalized robbery that IH -nrried on among them. They would, if I Sir Wren's. Annie met us at; the door and hey had of the spirit of the revolu- persuaded Myrtle to upend a few davs ior.;:ry times in their bodies, arise in mass '" " mirhi. What ft sad homo coining this had beer to me. I did not anticipate much pleasure font I had always found my mother read.v to welcome me home tvith loving wonU and tender care. Now life was desointi Indewlf "No one to love, none to caress!' I thought of the words, "No one is evoi quite miserable who has tho love of one small child." I had that at least. Myrtle clung to me with a tender, trust lug love. How my heart yearned for the intelligent sympathy Stella would have given! She could have been a sister to Myrtle and a comforter to me! Where was she now? Had she forgotten us, or was her hc*rt ever turning toward the past with fond remembrance of US all? Even my mother had longed for her in the solitude of sickness. I was glad to know my mother's wish; for in my heart T was resolved to; win Stella's love it we should ever meet again, and 1 had strong hopes Unit sometime we should meet. How dull were the days that followed. We were lonely ami full of sormu-. my little sister and I. Thoughts of of her day's would como to mock mo with vanished joys. Days when my mother was my friend. Then, days when sunshine was shod throughout tho dull old house at Waverland by our sweet friend. Would happiness ever again take up its abode at Wa- vcrland? Days pass; the beautiful dead was; laid to rest, and Myrtle and Hook up the bur- leu of life again. She was a quiet child and acenslomed to amusing herself. I soon learned to love her very dearly; her rery helplessness was a eflll for love and enderness for me. Soon after my inotli- ;r's death Annie Wren urged Myrtle to .50 homo with her, but sho chose to slay ,vith me and was always by my side. As : look back to those days I'feel'verydinnk- 'ul for tho lilI le sister who kept, liio from Icspair. When the joyous springtime camo with jirdsand lloworn, renewed life sprang tip vithiu my heart. It was near I lie time for lie to start Hr London if I wished lo visit. ' \mi')-lca \vitii the du!:v or Melvorne. What had I bettor do? 1 could not take lyrlle with mo, and to send her away mioiig strangers scorned a cruel thing to ME FARM AND HOOSEHOLO A thlmhlo repooert In Its velvet bed, And nenr It were needles In cushion red, And deep In n work box a spool of thread. All wished to be known to the world, 'tis said, As Miss Thlmldo-Needles-and-Throad. Tin head," said the thin ble, becon ing ;:pry; "I'm 1/oriy," roared (lie spool from tho work-box nigh: '•I'm limbs'", piped the needles In spirits high. Their work was complete In tho wink of an eve- Then Miss Thlmble-Need!o8-aml Thread. A jom-iiny her ladyship thought to take; Some vis Us In style she must surely make; She gave to a coquettish shake (It n list be confessed with an Inward quake), Hid Miss Thlmblo-JSeedles-nnd-Thread. She pranced on the features of Grandma tlrey, who sleeping at ease on lier pillow Iny, And caused her lo sneeze Iu a comic way! "O chool O tlioo hool" she could only say. O Miss Thimble-Needles-aml-Thrcad! Thru skipped in Iho cell) of her grjindchlli] fair, And daiicciii on Ills stomach, all white and bare; He dreamed ho had eaten green npplos Hire, And wished—yes, wished—(hat he hadn't, so there, Had Miss Thimble-NeedU'R-and-Tlireiid! The thimblo made straight for its velvet bod, J ho noodles ran buck to their cushion red, And (|iilck lo Its box rolled the spool of thread— Disgusted with living they sadly said, Mifls'riilmble-Needlos-nnd-Thrend. FAUM NOTKS. among farmers that "a rich man inay b* able io afford to btirn preen wood, but A poor man cannot." Then lay in a good store of firewood far ahead and have to dfry when yon want it for use and your wife and daughter will be able to cook you an early breakfast cheerfully. lo. 1 \viis still undecided, when one morn- ng we. hurt been ant riding-mid culled at con- scribe it as most terifllc. It was an nwful shock, sinking- at, the heart of English pride and power, and resounding through every land and clime with warning notes. Boturniug to Bine Ridgo the details of tho explosion were commented upon at groat JongMi. Knch guest had some theory to advance ;is to Mint would come next, and why tin's atrocious crime had been perpetrated. "It till comes from this confounded agitation that Pat uell is keeping up," said the (Itike, as v.-u were enjoying ;i comfortable half-Iiour by ourselves in his rooms. "I do not bellevu Parnell i.s to blame. The Irish people think they can only ob- tam a hearing in some such w;v. If Kn- land would deal candidly with'the Irish people as she does with Canada and her other colonies, 711011 would never resort to such desperate means.," "Talking about that explosion yet?" exclaimed Colonel IJaynes, us be came into the room. "I'm glad my home is not in England." "You'll bo having tbo same trouble in tho United States before Jong," I said, "il your careless way of • disposing of public lauds continues." "I did nnl-, kno\v we were careless. Outlaws are liberal but well defined," said the colonel. "Xo one can buy our lands of the government in large tracts, and tho great West is reserved by homestead and pre-emption laws for actual settlors only, SuiM'ly that is a safe Miey." '"ia, ha," laughed the duke. "Are you an American and know so little of thu doings in your own country? Why, I own an estate or ranch., as it is called there, larger than any one man owns in England; all in out! body, too! And surrounded by a barb wire fonco, that "is proof against everything, oven your boasted homestead and pre-emption luws!" '•How dkl you get it?" asked the colonel, am axed. "'\\yiy, I bought alternate sections of railroad lands, and then sent In different names as settlers to enter pre-emption, homestead and timber secure the government, sections." "But they must be different men," protested the colonel. "One rnau can pro- ud crush out Die villainous schemes, aid tho duke. "But I am glad they are lind to their own interests, for it belps us ipi'tali'sts to secure a firm footing in the' •few Wast." "Well," said the colonel, "I have often card (hat men can learn more of themselves through other people's eyes thali through their own. I thank you, Mel- vorue, for having shown us some of our weaknesses, and where some of tho dangers to our nation lie. I never knew that our American lauds were being gobbled up so fast, or that vast estates are being made of the very lands that our American farmers will need to make homes for themselves and their children." CHAPTER X.—A SACRED TltUST. One morning as the colonel and I were leaving the breakfast room a message was handed mo, I opened it and read that my mother was very ill. I found the duke and explained my message to him. During our conversation he asked me to visit America with him in the spring. I promised to do so if it was practicable. "I v liave had a most delightful visit," I said'as we shook hands at parting. "I shall look for you in May or near thnfc time to go with me," said'tho duke, as I was leaving for tho train. The colonel went witli mo to the city find saw me started on my homeward journey. I reached home without accident and found Myrtle on the watch for me. "How is mother?" I asked, as I took her in my arms and started up stairs. "She is very ill ana lias been asking for you all day." As T opened the door the physician who was standing by my mother's bed placed !iis lingers to his lips to indicate silence, but her quick ear caught the sound. She •urned her head and saw me standing in the door. A glad smilo lit up her palo face as I went to her bedside. I kissed her lips saying: "Are j'ou better, 7iiy dear mother?" '•About the same," she said in a whisper, "but I am so glad you have coiue, uy son, my darling boy." "Now, you will get well again, and I will take you with mo to see new scenes that will cheer your life." "My son," said my mother, "I shall never get well again, and it is best so. I want you, my son, to forgive me the pain I caused yon when Stella left us." "O, don't say that," I said, while tears rolled down my cheeks, for with the words had come tho thought of the utter loneliness that must follow. "What can we do without you?" "But say you forgive me, ray son," again pleaded tho whispering voice, "Yes, darling mother. I forgive you freely, and I beg you to forgive my cruel neglect in seeking my own pleasure and forgetting you;" I said, bending low beside her bed^with keen regret in my h'eart. |'If you ever find her^tell her how I missed her, and remember you have a mother's blessing in seeking her love. 1 was in tho wrong. Bank and position are of little value when seen from a bed ot d(>jii.!.. You w'll be kind to Myrtle? Poor little one, she has been 7ny greatest comfort," said my mother, placing her hand upon tho head of the weeping child. with her. When the time for Myrtle's visit to end came, I went to bring her home. Still what to do with her during my absence was an anxious pux.xle. When she saw me she came, and putting her arms about my neck, said: "Brother, would you be very lonely if I should stay a little longer with Annie? We have such nice times riding out lo- gcther, feeding the chickens and \valchiijif the Ill-tie white rabbits." "Xo, Myrtle," J said, "I mn glivl to know yon are happy here. 1C yon and Annie can agree, I would like; for'you to slay here a few months, while ] visit America vviMi the Duke of Melwirnu. Annie, are you willing to accept such a care as that?" I asked, turning toward her as I spoke. "I would be delighted to have her with me! My companions are few, and she is •inch good company and so little trouble! Please let her stay, Ixiyd," said Annie with animation. "I am glad to find it so agrewiblo to yon. It has been a troublesome question what to do with her while 1 was gone, Hul, I feel well pleased to leave her "in your ciiru. Here is something to meet expenses with," I said, handing.her a bank note. "I am to use this'" sho void, taking the note. "Yes," I said, taking her hand at. parting, "and I thunk you more Own word* can tell." As I took her hand it trembled and her face grew very white. She kept her eyes turned toward the lloor. What, could it mean? I kept asking myself all the way home if I had won this fair girl's love. I did not know. Wo had been friends from childhood, and I loved her with a boyish love, yet no words of aught but friendship bad ever passed between us. Sho was to mo like a sister nearly my own age. Did sho know of my mother's wish? A thousand strange fancies came into my mind. I could not banish tho white face with its strange expression. A few days after, when my preparations were all completed, 1 rode over to Sir Wren's to say good-bye. Annie was not, at homo, bul. Sir Wren gave me a hearty God speed, and Myrtle clnn bing most piteously. She was comforted by my telling her that 1 was going in search of \Stella. That was a magic word. Sho ceased weeping and began to plan how nice it would be to have Stella at Wavorland once more. "Would I find her?" was the oft returning thought as I rqd.0 away from tho gate at Sir Wren's. A calf win bo prevented from having lorns by an application of crude potash to he spot where the incipient horn can be elt— fo Waldo 1<\ Brown says. Tlio plan >f dehorning is training in favor, and lone in thin way hus much to commend t. All that men learn of the human or the ininnil system ia learned by close and 'urelul observation. sometimes kept up or many years. If nobody ever observed tuck animals with more cave than PO.UO if our farmers do, pur farming would bo uore ancient that it is, by several thous- uul years or so.—People & Patriot. Pigs that are furrowed us late in the year as this sire liable to be stunted unless well protested, against cold. If the young ..pigs meet with any drawbacks between this time and spring they \vill_ be slow in recovering, and it is doubtful if they will progress as well or grow as large aR pigs Unit may be farrowed in the spring. There is much talk about how many pounds of milk u cow gives, and farmers are recommended to buy a spring balance and weigh the milk daily. This is right, and will lead to a correct weeding process if rightly followed up. But the cow that gives the big mess of milk in tho beisrht of feed is not alwajs tho best cow. The persistent milker is, the profitable cow, and she may never give more than ten or twelve quarts a day. Reckon up the yearly yield and your figures will bo valuable.—People & Patriot. How to Commence Farming?. In beginning the business of farming few men can safely expend a large amount of money at first," and equally few can safely go into deut without risk of losing what liar, been invested. Time is ways money and a young farmer will often have plenty of time which cannot bo made equivalent to the expenditure of money made to save time. But by judicious iflanageinant the time spent can be made equal to m mnv saved and thus tho common adage wifl be proved. Many a young farmer has had reason to regret ignoring the advice of Solomon in this respect: "First make it for thyself in the Held, and then build thy house" and the barn and pure-bred stock, top, must follow the first provision. And no doubt money expended in costly buildings and animals is the road lo ruin that bas been traveled by many a beginner in fanning. Cheap but useful buildings, that may bo added to or impwed in the fitting afterward, and well-selected native stock, CIDEH CAKE. Three cup? oi brown sugar, one cup bnt> ter, six cups flour, two teaspoonfuls soda dissolve in a little water, salt ar.d spice to taste, one half raisens, and make a stiff batter with cider. Bake the day before using, OKKMAN DOUGHNUTS. One pound sugar, three eggs, three ounces of butter or lard, three-quarters of a cup of milk, one teaspoon ful of soda, two tenspoonfuls of cream tarter, three pounds of flour; roll and cut in rings: fry a light brown in boiling lard. UOAST KIND QUAllTKlt OP TiAMD. Have ready a, clear, brisk fire, put domi tin! joint a little distance to keep the fat fi otn scorching and keep it, well basted all the time it, is cooking; allow one hour and a half lor a small quarter, t.vo hours for a Inrgc one; serve with mint Six pound CItUTNKE. of good, hard apples cored , and chopped. 2 pounds of brown sugar, of ti pound of chopped onions, &i£ onces of salt, 1 J.j ounces of ground ginger, 1 quart of chopped peppers, half a pound of fresh raisins, chopped, and three pints of vinegar, and H nil boil together for five minutes; bottle- and set, aside for a month or two before using. ItOAST TUJIKEY. Kill the night before cooking; prepare dressing of bread crumbs with butter, pepper and salt and herbs; add ten do/en chopped oysters; (ill the body' with dressing, dredge with (lour; lay m a deep pan on a wire rest or small blocks; cook with butter; roast a rich brown. Stew the giblets in a little water, which may bo added to _ tho gravy in the pan; thicken with u little corn starch and servo in a gravy-boat. Gnruish the turkey with fried oysters and servo with cranberry sauce. While this is g Hrcitd. not exactly a branch of : to my neck, sob- (To be continued.) ANKNTEKl'IUSING WIDOW, to be improved gradually by breeding, is tho safest furnishing' for a young farmer. When the farm begins to pay, the profits may bo invested 171 betterments, but even those should bo made for increase of profit rather than for unprofitable appearance. Some Cuimdluu Notes, Pall wheat has proved one of the best crops, some farmers having from 30 to over 40 bushels per acre; still on many farms t he yield was under 20 bush. Why'? Because the land was not properly prepared and many of our farmers will not buy artificial fertilizers. "What!" say they, "pay from S3 to $4 for fertiliters? It would bo folly." Yet their next door neighbor does so, and reaps over 80 instead farming, ami cannot properly be classed amongst thu agricultural pursuits, it is very difficult to conduct any branch of agricultural work without the aid of bread making. In fact, this is ono of the moat important, if not; the most impoiiant, work on the i'nrm. Wo read that bread is the stuff of life. At any rate no household is complete without bread, and no household can exist long without bread, and no farm can be conducted successfully without the household, consequently the importance) of this branch of work on the farm. There are more poor breadmakers than there are poor corn raisers, because it does not take any particular skill or judgment to raise a crop of corn. An idiot who can bo trained to drive a team and bo constantly employed in tbo cultivation of the crop will got just as good a yield as the. professor or learned politician who carries so much brains. It is not so with the bread maker; there is constantly coniin? up some difficulty that requires not only judgment, but the skill competent to detect the cause. As a wimple illustration of this we will give somu recent experience we had in breadmaking. When ' the weather gob cool enough to require a fire sot, to one side our gasoline stove, and got out our cookstove, a good, old, reliable baker. The stove was thoroughly cleaned out before setting up. All our difficulties in getting first-class bread had been ascribed to the imperfections of a gasoline baker. The flourj had never been suspic- ioned as being in fault, as it. was one of Omaha's popular brands, warranted, etc.' To our surprise, our stove failed to bake. of under 20 bushels, and the following year cuts two tons of clover, whilo his tho mamma, mamma," moaned Myr- empt only eighty acres, or, if a soldier, one hundred and sixty. So, how could you gel ft whole section." "Oh, I see you are not a politician," said the duke, much amused, "Yon have not yet learuod the ropes, as they say in your country.' 1 "No, I confess I am not initiated," said tho colonel. "You acorn to know the workings of the ring," i s«id turning to the duke. "Yes, I was Interested. Mduy of the iu America, as olsewlfeve. allow The physician administered to my moth- ;r her pinion and felt her pulse. I know by tho look on the kind old face Unit the dear ouo who had tilled my life with a halo of light from tho heavenly world, would soon be beyond tho reach of pain or sorrow. How frail sho looked as she lay with closed eyes, breathing so quietly her life away. "Oh tie. Mv mother aomind her pvas in u.nswor to her baby's call. The mother's Inart was loath to leavo her darling. * She reached her hand out to find vis, and asked: "My son, are you hero! 1 MyrtK«, darling. God," came in n whisper so faint that I could hardly catch tho words. Then silence fell upon the lips that had only uttered words of love and tender counsel. The physician said; "Rest iu peace." And, as I looked at *e sweet face now beautified with a hope of eternal glory, I could only say, "Yes, rest in peacu." It was only the swinging open of the golden gates. I could not weep. I could, only stand and lood at the dear, dead body. It was only the empty casket, thu precious jewel was not there. Taking .Myrtle by the hand, I led he:- to my roojn where I soon had a comfortable lire. IVjr weeping Myrtle. She was such a wee frail child,, though ten years old. So young to miss a motlwr'g love. But I had promised my mother to gu,ard Trios to Secure u Double I'ensloji, as Widow ol'hor Second Husband, "I have," says a Maine pension agent, "what I consider a funny pension case on hand. Several years ago 1 secured a pension for a soldier of a certain regiment and company, and then, after his death, I secured a pension for his widow. Now she comes to me lo help her secure another pension as the widow of another member of the same regiment. You see that since I secured her first widow's pension sho has married a comrade-in-arms of her first husband, and now that he, too, is dead with a frugality and economy that are commendable and according to Scripture, she is applying for the seconcl pension. I have never known exactly a similar case." Heroic Truutuieut of n CoUl. "Youhave taken a severe cold," the eld family doctor, "and have Battled in your throat." "Yes, doctor, you see I can hardly speak," said the patient, a vivacious bright-eyed young woman. neighbor cuts only ono. Tlie improvement in machinery has made farming much easier. There are now no tired backs from cradeling and binding', and with impiwnd cultivators there ought to be a much larger area tinder roots. I feel confident that any farmer who will sell only his wheat and live stock, and feed all his coarse grain and hay can with a small outlay on artificial manures make bis land produce, on an average, over 35 bushels of wheat to the acre, while with Mie acid of barnyard manure all his other crops will be in pro- I • _ f-* r -t-* portion. Deleware, Ont. 0. J. F. it said seems to Flrowood. The time when farmers depend upon a pood stock (if firewood for their comfort has passed by except in places somewhat remote from the railroads or seaports; coal requires so much lesn labor in tending fires, and is so cheap that most people prefer to use it when it CUD be conveniently obtained. Still we must have some wood for kindling, and for transient, fires at night and morning in mild weather when coal is not needed; and then there is a cheerful glow and an air of hospitality which belongs to an old fashioned open fireplace which ,makes many people delight in having it Tho bread was made up as usual. My plan is as follows: v "•• In the evening I boil three potatoes in two quarts of water until quite soft, let stand until Juke warm. T then mash the potatoes and add flour enough to make a thiok batter; to this 1 add one and a half cakes of yeast foam, which Las previously been soaked in lukewarm water. The en- tiro mixture is left standing over night in a warm room. In the morning I pour this into the bread pan with enough flour to make a stiff dough. This I knead well' and let utand until it rises, then knead it down and lot it rise again. I then mould into loaves arid let stand until quite light. These I put into the oven with moderate heat; have always succeeded in getting satisfactory results, if my materials wera good and could get tho proper heat.. I was at a loss to know what was the cause of failure. The bread came out doughy; it would not brown. My experience has taugl.t mo that there i.s a difference ia tho kinds ot wheat that our flour is made of, and this difference is carried down to the baked bread. There is also damaged grain, and this, likewise, crops out in the bread yield. Thsre is a difference in the machinery and process of making flour, find this the hreaJma'kor has to contend with, after innumerable difficulties that are subject to drop in before the flour comes into tho hands of the baker. Then comes tho Inmo difficulties—bad fuel, old worn-out or poor baking stoves, and List, , but not loast, lazy housewives, e,uttfibs* /, housewives, dirty, slatternly housewives, who try lo get at remits the shortest way, Is it any wonder that there is so much poor bread. There is no harder work por< formed by any chisa of labor than the bilking of bread by the houbowife under ordinary uireumstanoes.-FAKMisii's WrpE "Can you stand heroic treatment, do^even when thoy depend upon a coal-burn- you think?" asked the doctor. -— * ——'''-- 1A "' ----•*•''— *•••* '-- * — i: -- - c "Try mo!" "Are you sure?" "Yes, anything you like; medicine mustard plasters, electricity, said she in a breath. And you want to get voice?" "Yes!" "It's heroic treatment, mind you." "All right—what is it?" "You mustn't talk at all for two days." —Pittebarg Dispatch. , anything!" back your How the llaumn ]lnce it . Clothed ttnd Housed. Of the entire human race 500,000,000 are well cloiheo., that is, they wear gar^ mente of some kind; £50,000,000 habitually o naked, and 700,000,000 only cover rtain parts of the body 5 500,000,000 live n houses, 700,000,000 in huts and cave*, «d 850,000,000 virtually h.ave for the comfortable heating of the whole house. Thu best time for cutting wood is in the early part of tho wint'ir before the deep snows fall, one can then easily cut close to the ground and pilw the wood to be hauled off when the snow comes. All kinds of wood burn very much better for being well dried, and some kinds, such as birch, poplar and willow should be cut up and housed or protected from rain by a shelter of boards within a few months after the trees are cut down. If gray birch, willow or pine are left unspljt exposed to tho weather the wood soon becomes "dozy" and almost worthless; hut if split up and housed soon after being cut they make excellent firewood. For kindling coal fires there ia nothing better than dry birch or pine if they have been well taken care of; but otherwise they are well-nigh worthless. ""-— u an old saying and a true o»e ' A Pomoumtio Duke, The late duke of Manchester,''when on his first visit to Australia, in 1879, wits entertained by tho colonists in a princely i fashion, in Queensland the weather was intensely hot, and the duke left hib party and roda ahead in hia ahirt sleeves (with his co<it strapped before him) and wearing a soft felt hat. On his arrival at the busR public house he found a crowd awaiting him. One bushman, stepped up t» him, and said; "Halloa, have you seen the duke? Will be soon bo here? The peer replied: "I am the duke of Manchester." The bushinan surveyed his walked around the horte, and critical i inspection snid before the ' You're no blooming leau.—London Tit Bits, duke! On New York Weekly. Wilkins—How about bill you i dertook to collect on shares?" Lawyer—You said i could hate it, didn't you? "Certainly." "Well, I've collected iay ka,lf, Q|

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