The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on January 28, 1891 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 28, 1891
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„..,„...,..,. .Jf^^'I^Tlpppa;! ^^^^^^•i;::7'^ :m ' f ^ ',- /"•'.»' * e v ~*' a ^ * J \ r ' ""v v^-*^ ^"^ '" fgspsr ^ « ; .W t? K v -7f! t Sr-1fX> 1 '«4>»* THK OTJPM DBS MOINES, ALGONA, lO^i A WEBKE8t)AY v *TANtJAMir 28,1801. ^^ . ... „. . .. ... ., ..,,,_.„.„„ j-,_,_^ -,w_a^jo.J_ -- ,,. aa i-sh-... - -m-BW^fe --- t--.--.. IV.•-!•!-.---'• • ji^.ltl!'.uijlf m -_i^L-L-l-fam^* J ^- -- ji u -: i_- - -.„ ,. t . , .,, , • . -~- j-,^~. _-_-i 7, L*_" _ , ., ,„ .' ^. - _TT .. , ... . •,-. ._. , '., I'll n'n i V.r frUftttir Sltt ALGONA, IOWA. A two cent per mile pnsBengtir-rate bill Ba« been introduced in the Illinois legis latnre. T«B National bnnk depositories now ho! $27,667,450 goverment deposits. THK statement of fnrm prices issued i laid to show that tho value of the entir <$fop ot wheat, corn^ nnd oats to formers i 1240,000,000 more than the value of las year's crop. A FmcNoii pair of Siamese twins, bokl girls, havo been born at, Cannes, and the! mother is trying to sing: "How happy colild I be with either, wore t'other dca charmer away. How extensive is the distress from th failure of the Irish potato crop maybe inferred from the official statistics, whicl show that the yield of tho late season was only one-third as largo as that of the yeai preceding. AN exchange says: "The cotton crop of tho soiilh, worth nt least §500,000,000, was grown on 19,000,000 acres of land. The crop equals in value tho total corn Crop of tho United States, which requires 75,000,000 acres, and is more than $100, 000,000 greater thun the value of the entire wheat crop of tho country, which was (frown on 90,000,000 acres." ENGLAND seems to bo full of young and middle-aged warriors who will go to the ends of the earth for a little "service. They havo displayed their valor on many a gory field ugainst the wild children of India, Africa and Zululand, and now some of them want to come over and settle our Indian question for us. They will be disappointed to lonrn that the Sioux are "coining in" at lust. THE report that tho settlement of the African territorial dispute between England and Portugal is entirely favorable to the latter country will bo regarded with something of doubt. When it comes to the question of the possessor of territory, England has never been inclined to yield much to another nation especially if that nation happens to be the weaker. Tim London Daily Telegraph prints a long letter from Edwin Arnold, in which he describes tho opening of the first Japanese parliament. "What one instantly misses in the presence of tho fair sex. Not a woman of high or low degree is to be seen about the premises and the chairs in the box of the empress are unused. An Unfortunate literary lady who all the way from New York to report tho event, was denied oven so much as an approach to tho precinct." Of course, Sir Edwin would "miss tho fairsux' 1 audit would bo the greatest miss of misses ho could experience. It is well Japan is advancing so •rapidly toward modern customs, there is hope that before long she will bo civilized Enough to admit ladies to her legislative halls, rS THE UtEST TEIECRAMS. NBW9 IN BKtEff. CANADIAN pork-packers are asking increased protection on their products ngainst the American article. AGKKTS at Cincinnati of the Louisiana fttate lottery were arrested and held in $5,000 bail. TUB pugcr trust of New York flled Friday at Jersty City a. mortgage for $10,000,000, payable in 1911. , I'lfK Chicago gas trust has decided to surrender its charter and wind up the business as soon as possible. DAKOTA settlerb will claim compensation from the government for losses caused by Indian depredations. TiiKiirc is a strike ainons: the conductors and dispatchers on tha Chicago & Brie railroad THE friends of Boloit college wore made happy Wednesday by the aiiiioua"cnient tlwt «, now found friend has givei. $25,000 for a now dormitory. GKO.HAHIITS, of Newbltrn, TIL, becoming disgusted with being an invalid, announced on Doc. 28 that" he would never cut; another mouthful of food and has so fur kept his word.' ins two houses of the Illinois legislature ngain mot in joint session Thursday to ballot for United States senator. The Fourth ballot WUH taken, which resulted as before—Palmer, 101 j Oglesby, 200; •itreeter, 3. AHOUT seventy letters belonging to the Northwestern National Dank, of Chicago, ind supposed to contain over $100,000 in drafts, etc., were delivered to a stranger >y a clerk in the Chicago posh office Wednesday and are missing. SENATOU RPOONKJI has declined to become solicitor general of the Chicago & Milwaukee Railway at a salary of $25,000 it the close of his senatorial term. DntisoToii GffiNKiiATj DAVIS, of the World's Pair, thinks the Candler report s an effort to denationalize the exposi- ion. THIS killing of Mrs. Charles Ross by a minhole explosion in Chicago Saturday vas to be investigated by a coroner's jury Monday. Dtmiwa 1890 the production of precious netals in the states and territories west of he Missouri river, including British Col- imbift, wits: Gold, S32,15G,91G; silver, .62,930,881; copper, $20,560,092; lead ill,509,,571. THE two branches of the New York jgislature, in session at Albany, Tuesday oted for a United States senator. In the ouso the vote stood—Hill, 05; Evarts, 58. emite—Hill, 13; Evarts, 19, .JUDOK BUCKNKH of New Orleans do ided against the Louisiana lottery com any in its application for a manda.aus to compel the secretary of state to promulgate the constitutional amenduient in its favor. Two PEnsoflS were killed Outright and four others were fatally injured by an explosion which occurred oh the Santa Rosalia estate, Monday. THE inhabitants of Sebden . have been snowed up for a week and are in danger of being starved to death. THE representatives of foreign governments at Santiago de Chili have entered format protests against the blockade of Chilian ports by the war vessels in possession of the insurgents. Rio BE JANEIRO, Brazil, is to have a world's fair, which will begin in 1892, and for which the government has appropriated $22,000,000. NEWS has been received in Paris of the compete destruction by fire of the fine mansion and graneries at La Basse Motto, near Chataau Neus, presented to General Chautte bj the Papal Zouaves. PROPOSED NEW RAIL MOTER French Engineer's Ingenitis Contriv- aiiee to Utilize Water as a Motive Power i Using: Sliding:- Sheen Instead Wheels, the Motor Resembles i Sledge on Ice. ClltMtNAl,. FIFTEEN masked men robbed a train in Texas, obtaining §20,000. IK a saloon fight at Butternut, Tuesday, a man named Studiman had his face cut and nose broken with a beer mug; his assailant is under arrest. A HANDSOME young woman who registered as "Mrs. Hudson," killed heiself at. the Hotel Purlu, St. Louis, by taking poison. ETHKI, TOWNE, the girl on trial at Terre ANJD Wniiiis there is so much discussion going on regarding tho subject of marriage, the following observation might, bo considered by thoso interested: The plural wife system prevails at San Carlos, where it is regarded by tho Apucho bucks as profitable for the reason that wives are tireless toilers. They chop wood, carry water, pack liny, herd stock, build wick- ups, cook, and in fact do all the labor .calculated to contribute to the necessity and comfort of tho camp. Apache womun aifl_iuerclir.ntablo--aru bought and sold. 4 buck's wealth is estimated in part, by the number of his wives. The value of a wife is calculated by tho weight she can carry; therefore, those having defective spines and uuablo to pack a sack of Hour, or bundle of hay, or an eighth of a cord of wood and papooso at thy name time arc not regarded as valuable property, and are less appreciated by thuir m.istors than n pony or burro. RIGHTS of Tans I'oou. TJIJS rights of properly is an old and "V familiar war-cry; the rights of property, -(tip though less eiuv>hatically proclaimed, is a : If claim as impemtive and just us tho other. { i* In our new civilization the poverty for,' 5' juula receives fresh emphasis, tind must be 1 more nnd more heeded by thoso who ' handle the wealth and make the laws of the world. Failure in tha struggle of life v does not extinguish a msn's rights. Ihe * man who is down has a right to be, fairly I treated by those who are up and been.elevated, it, tit tho ex- the other. The policy of crush- the poor and holding them down is a bad one,Jand must in |some way be reversed The wealth of the world must pay the poor man's bills. But that is not enough. The worst thing you can do with the virtuous poor is to shut then up in a work-house. You cru.ib.tho courage and self-respect out f ?. them, What is needed is the habilita- f tiou of their humanity, which can come Jp'lly from sympathy and a helping hand, - it them on their feet anil steady them le until they are able to secure their ibriuiu, when, instead of remaining weights, they become co-operative An4l a in society. Laws have too often J made for wealth and power: they put •illionairo at un advantage. Laws lean to the side of the poor man he is lifting the heavy end of the aud minister to hiu courage and treogth to make a long and a strong el'- t^ up-heave the Tins E. 0. Wiilbridge & Co. hardware store nt Buffalo burned Sunday. Loss 8200,000. ONE man was killed and two badly injured by an explosion of giant powder at Ashland. THE Catholic Indian school buildings no-ir Shawano, on the Green Bay agency, have been destroyed by riro. Loss 84,000; itisur.iiicn 84,000. THIS cheese factory of A. Klennne, near Manitowoc, Wis., was destroyed by fire. Loss 82,500 insurance 81,000. FHANIC H. CASK, a Tomah brakemau, was killed at McKcnnu, Wednesday while coupling cars, lie leaves a wit'e and three children. Two workmen wore burned to death in a fire ut tho mills of the Otis company, at Three Rivers, Mass., Saturday morning. IT has been learned that the clulu of Bedford, whoso death was recently announced, committed suicide. M<;LACHI,AN Buos., dry-good dealers of Montreal, failed Wedeesday, with liabilities of 81,000,000. A MAN seen recently at Silverton, Col., is supposed to bo Padlowski, the Pole who killed tho Russian Gen. Selivcrskoff ut Paris, TIIK strike of 2,000 miners at Sesnowic, Russia, and of tho men in tho imperial dock yards, ut St. Petersburg mark tho first strike in that empire. Six men worn dangerously injured by an explosion in the 0. K. coal mine ut Mlir- issa, 111. TIIK ontmenl mill and elevator belonging to 10. M. Johnson, of Minneapolis, burned Wednesday night. Tho loss on the buildings is 860,000 and50,000 bushels of grain were lost. A ux'Ai, train on the lioston & Maine road wns run into by u wild engine at Sclnirabara Beach. Half n dozen" of the trainmen were seriously injured and the passengers badly shaken up. TuiiEK earthquakes in Chihuahua, Mexico, Friday caused the collapse of a convent gr.llory at Purral, Six persons were killed and nine wounded. Tun total loss by tho firo nt John & James Dobson's carpet mills at, Philadelphia, Friday, is estimated at between 81,250,000 and 81,750,000. TIIK Winona (Minn.) opera house and the storage warehouse of tho Wisconsin Lumber and Manufacturing Compimy at LuCrosse, Wis., wore burned Wednesday »»ight. THE Aztec limited express on tho Mexi- Haute for forging J. H. Walker's name to a check, was acquitted. NELSON E. SWAIITWOUT, formerlj of Chicago and a member of the Union League club, committed suicide Monday at New Orleans. •<GEOKOB H. POWMNSON, superintendent of the Sunday schools of Mankato, Minn., absconded with $10,000 of his employer's money. AT Oshkpsh William Hcenig was held up early Friday morning on Washington street by highway robbers and relieved of $200. CAPTAIN JOHN MAX BY was waylaid and murdered on the road about three miles from his home in Surnpter county, 8. C., Monday night while returning'tfroiu the town of Sumpter. Two negroes have been arrested on suspicion. JUDGE JAS. A. WAKDEU, city attorney of Chattanooga, Tenn., and late candidate for supreme judge, shot and killed his son-in-law, fatally wounded his daughter, and was himself mortally wounded in a quarrel over the plans for a new house. 3A r r Syracuse, N. Y., Monday morning. John Barker, formerly a Chicago drummer, shot and killed his wife in a school in which she was employed as a teacher. The deed was done in the presence of the children, and the murderer held his own 16-months-old child in his arm when he fired tho shot. COL. ALI-IIONHIS THOUHET, who, during the war commanded the Fifty-first regiment of infantry, New York volunteers, blew his brains out at his home in Hoboken. N. J. He has been despondent since his wife died six years ago and has frequently threatened to kill himself. AT Long*Point, Iowa, early Thursday morning, James O'Neil, a Chicago and Northwestern freight conductor, was shot and killed by a tramp he was trying to put off his train. AT San Antonio, Texas, during 1 a lover's quarrel, Bertha Gross, 30 years old. shot and fatally wounded James Hartley, of Battery 1<\ Third artillery, and then committed suicide. DOHA BOYNSON, living eight miles east of Durand, Wis., was fatally shot by a stranger Wednesday, while driving hogs on a highway near her home. The murderer was driving rapidly and has not been arreste.'l yet. The girl Jived alone at home with her mother. Much excitement prevails. Officers are searching. Hydraulic Pressure a Film Water is Forced Between the Shoe and the Rail. of of I'll 1C NATIONAL, CAPITAL. can National road ran into nn open switch Wednesday killing fatally Nona of . p near Golonclrinas station \V night. Tim engine turned over, Engineer J. W, Delmiit and wounding Fireman H. Stafford, thu passengers wore injured. Tun oatmeal mill and elevator belonging to E. M. Johnson, of Minnoapoln, burned Wednesday night. Tho loss on the building is §00,000, ami 50,000 bushels ot trriiin were lost. Tin-: Chesapeak and Ohio vestibule train No. 4, oust bound, was wrecked at Winifred . W. Vii,, Monday night. An obstruction had been placed in the frog of tno switch, overturning the engine The train at forwards caught fire and burned. Engineer Edwards and Fireman Cundiff were seriously injured. None of the pas sengors were hurt. E. K. GUESS was on Monday appointed postmaster at Sabin, Richland county, Wis. THE Raum investigation was resumed Monday norning. Assistant Secretary Bussey testified that he did not now have and never did have any interest in the refrigerator company. THE second of the series of state dinners to be given l.his season by the president and Mrs. Harrison, took place Tuesday evening, the guests on this occasion all being members of the diplomatic corps. Tins house ways and means committee ordered a favorable report Wednesday on a bill lo impose a discriminating duty of ten per cent on ;.ill teas imported from countries which discriminate ugainstthe Unit- oil Status. THE Colorado- «eiiUemun who recently presented u silver brick at the Philadelphia mint with tlie demand that it be coined into dollars for them without the usual seignonige of today prayed the supreme court of the District of Columbia to summon Secretary \Vindom into court to answer their petition. Tin Ijittlo Men of Africa. tjcribiier. AH a rough moclo of estimating the height of the latter, any person five fee' six inches high could use a crutch which would be within an inch of the exacl standard of. an adult male or female oi tho pigmies. Hut the dwarfs—like orcliu- tuy humanity—vary considerably in height, We have measured a few who were only thirty-three inches high, and tho tallest of the unadulterated specimens wo mut would | not exceed four feet four inches. As they advanced toward us through the camp, we often thought that that the scouts had only captured a lot of children; but a nearer view would show full-grown women with woll developed breasts, who hud clearly experienced the troubles of maternity, or adult males well advanced beyond thu twenties. Tho /an- izibari boys of fourteen and fifteen years _ The ideajof a railway in which the carriage should be propelled by hydraulic pow er whilst the resistance due to friction on the rails should be greatly reducjd by the substitution of sliding surfaces for wheels a film P.of water being at all times interposed between slides and rail, is due to M. Girard, eminent French hydraulic engineer, and dates some forty years back. Shortly before the outbreak of the Franco- German war, M. Girard commenced the construction of a line on his system between Paris and Argenteuil; but during the hostilities that ensued the works were destroyed and the engineer killed. Owing to M. Girard's death, the invention fell into abeyance until recently revived by M. Barro, a former colleague. At J:he Paris exposition of 1889 a short line on this system attracted considerable interest, whilst no visitor to the exposition held in Edinburgh in 1890 can have faile;! to notice this novel innovation in the modes of rapid transit. Before pasing to an examination of the special features of the invention, and its advantages and adaptability under general or exceptional conditions of working or surroundings, we will freely . lay betore our readers a succinct of the general principle of tho new riiilwny. Two particular poitU of novelty claim attention—the sliding surfaces in substitution for wheels and the means of propulsion. Dealing first with the "paths" or sliding surfaces, each carriage is fitted with four or.six sliding shoes, which glide along a - broad, flat rail, a thin film of water being continually forced by hydraulic pressure between the shoe and the upper surface of the rail, BO that the carriage may be said to float alone: its rails; the the motion closely resembling the pleasant, easy passage of a sledge across smooth ice. It may here be noted that M. Guard at the commencement of his experiments proposed to float his carriages on compressed air, but, speedily abandoned this aiedium in favor of water under pressure, as a means of reducing to the lowest practicable limit the friction between the supports of his carriage and the rails bearing them. The quantity of water required to maintain a cjnstant film between the "patin" and rail-surfacn is necessarily considerable, and is supplied by a tender accompanying the train and charged with pressure at intervals. In th-j case of trains running considerable distances a steam- engine is required on the tender to maintain the requisite pressure without stop- aere. Without; going into minute technical details us to the shoes, we may state that precaution has been taken in their design to minimize the consumption of water, and that arrangements are made all along the line for catching the expended water in troughs, with a view to its subsequent utilization. Turning, now, to the means of propulsion. Each Ciirriage is furnished beneath its seats with what may be termed a straight turbine, that is, a stout bar running the greater part of its length, and furnished on either side with- a series of cup-like recesses in front of each other, and compaiable to a water-wheel whose cir- ouinference has been flattened, and to which a second water-wheel sidiilnrily treated has been secured back to back. Jets placed at intervals along the line, and under considerable hydraulic pressure, impinge on the series of cups, and impart impetus to the carriages. Ingenious arrangements are made for opening and closing the jets. A lever placed in front of the train opens the jets as it passes over them; while a timilar mechanical_contrivance placed at the rear of the train closes the jets when tho train has duly passed ovei them. Into the numerous devices and ad just- smoke form so serious a drawback: and we understand that the new project has been f aborably regarded by so great nn authority on railway matters as Sir Enward Watkin, whose connection with the under- grouhd railways of London nnd with the proposed channel tunnel doubtless indicates that he has recognized the advantages which would accrue to these important undertakings for tho adoption of a means of locomotion at once noiseless, smokeless, and expeditious. _ . . The means of locomotion in large cities are many and Various, and each year seems to increase their number, from the magnificent overhead railways of New York to what a French writer has described as "les affreux souterraing du Metropolitan deLondres." Vie have, moreover, tramways of every class—drawn by horses, steam, or electric engines) or, again, b, cables—all of which closely compete wit .... .In vehicular traffic and steamboat service for our carrying trade. Among such numerous and powerful rivals the progress of the new hydraulic glidirg railway will be watched with no small interest, and its career will be followed, not merely by engineers, but by the public at largo, with lu/un attention. GOOJJS P/IOM. FAH JAPAN. Made by Artists for a Penny u Day- Some Curious History. "The small prices, for which Japanese goods are sold astonish most people," said to a writer for the but the reason is a dealer in this -line Washington Star, simply that wages in the Mikado's empire are so wonderfully low. You will hardly believe it, 1 dare say, when 1 tell you that half a. cent a day is considered there pretty fair pay for a workman, and. when it comes to an artist one cent per diuiii is largo remuneration. "I seems puzzling how a man with a family to support can get along even on this high pa> given for skilled kbor. But you do not realize how different a scale it is upon which people live in Japan. A cent, with them, is divided into ten parts, each represented by a small rectangular bronze coin. . ; . "With an income of a penny a day a man jingles his ten pieces of money in his trousers pocket and speculates as to how rtoiv They —the First St. Nicholas. Early in their voyage to brave Argonauts came to a Colchis, the p ace wh6re Drave argoiiuuun uniuc ™ " *""—. ill. high rocks narrowed the sea to the breadth of a river, and the stream ran swift and the waves roared beneath the rocks, ana the wet cl 8s bellowed. . Then Euphemus took the dove in. his hands, and set it free, and she flew M*ai *t •et away with it all. Supposing ias only himself to provide for, he he will that he must really be quite extravagant in order to dispose of it. For breakfast he buys with one coin, a pound of rice or other grain, and fairly gorges himself in consuming it. If he has any appetite left for lunch he expends a second coin in like manner, and his dinner costs a similar sum. Supposing that he dares to attend the theater, two more bronze pieces will pay for an orchestra stall. Thus he has not less than five coins left to pay for lodging and throw away for mere, dissipation. "So, you see, a skilled draughtsman and liner, with an income like this, can afford to be a rollicking ram, with jots of pocket money to squander during his leisure time upon luxuries and fripperies. Necessarily, dress will cost him something, but artists are not usually given to tindery, and this item is not serious. Time is money, even in Japan, but it is valued at what would seem to you a low rate. For example, this saber and ivory scabbard took one man four years to carvn, and the price of it is only 835. "Xou can see for yourself how exquisite the workmanship is—not only the carving, but the temper of the fine-edged steel blade with which you can easily cut off a man's head at one sweep. The scabbard is so long that it must have taken nearly a whole tusk of an elephant to make it from, and yet the original price of this finished article in Japan was only about $4. This will give you a sufficiently clear notion of the cheapness of Japanese labor. "It seems a puzzle ivhy the Japanese do not come to America for employment. Doubtless they would were it not that they are so much attached to their own country. It is a wonderful land. Twenty- five years ago it was almost in darkness, and now it is a highly enlightened country with a constitutional government, You may remember chat, only so short a tinio back, the empire of Japan was on a feudal basis, with the throne occupied by a monarch whose authority was really in the hands of a shiogoon or tycoon. The , at the pass where the rocks met, and right through, and the rocks gnashed [ike gnashing teeth, but they caught only f feather from her tail. Then slowly the rocks opened again, like a wild beast's mouth that opens, and Tiphys the helmsman, shouted, "Row on; hard all," and beheld the ship straight for the pass. And she leaped at the stroke, and the oars bent like bows in the hands . of the men. These strokes they tmlled, nnd at each the ship leaped, and now they were within the black jaws of the rocks, the water boiling round them, and so dork it was tbattliey could sen the stars. But the oarsmen could not see the daylight behind them, and the steersmen could not see the daylight in front. Then the great tide rushed in between the rocks like a rushing river, and lifted the ship as if it were lifted by a hand, and through the strait she passed like a bird, and the rocks clashed, and only broke the carved wood of the ship's stern. And the ship reeled in the seething sea beyond, and al) the men of Jason bowed their h?ads over their oars, half dead with that fierce rowing. Then they set all sail, and the ship, sped merrily on, past the shores of the inneV sea, past bays and towns, and river- mouths,'and round green hills, the tombs of men slain long ago. And, behold, on the top of one mound stood a tall man, clad in rust/ armor, and with a broken sword in his hand, and on his head a helmet with t a blood-red crest. And thrice he waved his hand, and thrice he shouted aloud, and was no more seen, for this was the ghost of Sthenelus, Acton's son, whom'Ji arrow had slain there long since, and ho had come forth from his tomb to see mo-rr of his own blood, and to greet Jason and his company. So they anchored there, and slew sheep in sacrifice, and poured blood and wine on the grave of Sthenelus. And there Orpheus left a harp, that the wind might sing in the chords, and make music to Sthenelus below thft earth.— Andrew Lang. TUB ALMOST KEBUILiT I'AKIg. ""J •• «*• *-wi*i vt_.\,ii ikllll IlLlJlJUJJ J CttJ D would often range thwnsjlves alongside of the men to measure themsulve f s, nnd would manifest with loud laughter their pleasure at tho discovery that there were fathers of humlios in existence not so tail as they. revolutionists in Chili have blockaded thn ports of that country, i , KA '' AK ' A I J A, king of the Sandwich islands, died at isau Francisco Tuesday moniuig. ' THE trouble between England and Portugal, which for some time has threatened to end in war, will be amicably settled. Little Tommy (crying)—Mama, e a piece ot pie. M tuna — Why, Tommy, I gave you ti piece ten minutes age. Tommy--Well, 1 want another piece. Mama—Now, Tommy, if 1 give you another piece of pie you won't ask me for any more today, will you ? Pommy—No, nuunti. Tommy—(twenty minutes later) — You know 1 said 1 would not ask you for auv more pie today? J Mama—Yes, Tommy. . fonimy—Well, wha.t'8 the matter with af^eceofcake? f' .,,, ,f ,<„ nient requisite to s«cure the efficient working of this part of the gliding railway it is foreign to our purpose to enter; sufficient to point out, that great mechanical resource has been brought to beur on theso details, and the regularity and efficacy with which they havo operated tho lines already laid down on this system testify abundantly to the'skill and ability of tho designer. 'A special feature in connection with the vehicles employed on the now class of railway now under consideration—we had almost said "rolling stock"—is their lightness. Owing to the entire iibsenco of nil jar, shock, and vibration the carriages uu- init of considerably less solid framing than in the case of their prototypes or ordinary lines. Notjonly doos a considerable saving in first cost result from such economy in construction; but a permanent reduction in dead-weight to be hauled forms a favorable item in the advantage of the invention. A further feature of economy is the saving of all oil and grease required for lubrication tho wheels, an item of cost in tho working expenses of-railways that would fairly astonish those unacquainted with the heavy sums annually disbursed by our loading lines for such comparatively minor stores, The excellent and efficient brake-power inherent to the gliding railway deserves some passing notice, as it entirely obviales any necessity for other brakes, being in itself both ample and speedy. Nothing further is requisite beyond stopping the the flow of wwtw between tho gliding shoe the ---" "•- " ! - t! - '--* B • b • latter office, originally that of prime minister, had become hereditary. The tyranny of the tycoon grow be so great that the feudal princes, SCO in number, each of whom had a small standing army of his own, rose and overthrew the government. Whereupon ensued the most remarkable revolution ever known to history. The 360 princes or daimois, voluntarily laid down their arms, disbanded their soldiers and retired into private life. By their hands the emperor was reinvested with the proper authority of a monarch, the office of hereditary tycoon being done away with. Up to thitt time society,in Japan had been intensely aristocratic, the ruling classes being tho military caste which represented n former conquering race from Asia. The warriors the mainland of who formed the standing armies of the princes, called 'samurai, 1 were terrible fellows, holding in dread the merchants and other commoners. But the revolution upset all this, and the empires is. now to all intents and purposes a republic, socially speaking. A constitution was granted to the people not long ago by the emperor, a parliament was established, and even European costumes have become the fashion. "Unfortunately, with these changes the art of the country has become deteriorated, so that the wonderful bits of workmanship executed in Japan during earlier days— such as ivory carvings, lacquer work and soon—fire no longer reproduced. What you buy in a shop like mine today is usually an inferior imitation of the art of old Japan." Death of Baron .Georges Eugene Ilnugs- iiiati, Prefect of the Seine Under Na- poleou 111. Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann, prefect of the Seine under Napoleon III., died yesterday in Paris, aged 82 years. M. Haussmann was born at Paris, March 27, 1809, was educated at the Conservatoire de Masique, and became an advocate. After the revolution of 1830 he was sous- prefect of Nerac, .Saint Girons and Blaye an' 5 under the presidency nf Napoleon Was prefect of Var, the Yorine and Gironde. He wns appointed prefect of the Seine in 1853, and under 1m direction Paris was made almost a new city. During his administration the Bois Je Boulogne was improved, the Rue de Rivoli prolonged, the Boulevard de Sebastopol was constriKter?" besides more than twenty boulevards in. in the old parts of Paris, various public gardens, squares, barracks, the Halles Centrales, the new prefecures of police, more than a do/en brigades and many other public works. Eventually it was charged that M. Haussmann had raised, by means of bonds, hundreds of millions of francs over the large amount lie was legally authorized to expend, and he re- • quested the emperor to place the budget of the city under the corps legislatif. The examination of his accounts became the principal business of the session that commencad early in 18G9, the result being that the authority was given for a new loan of 260,000,000 francs, which was eagerly subscribed by the public. On the formation of Ja parliamentary cabinet by M. Emile Ollivies, M. Haussmann was asked to tender his resigation of "the office ot prefect of the Seine, and on his refusal to do so lie was relieved of his duties by an imperial decree dated Jan. 5, 1870. After the fall of the empire Baron Haussmann 9U11t o n i Stance for a '.i'ue- On his return , in 1871, he was appointed director of the Credit Mobiher. At the election of 1877 he was returned to the chamber of deputies, defeating his opponent, Prince Napoleon, by a vote of 8,060 to 4,421. Willing to Qualify. Buffalo JCxroHa. Did Yez advertise for a coachman son- askc.d a smart-looking Irishman of a member ot the local four hundred. "Yes. Have you had experience?'" . Yes sor, three years." " A i e you a married man ?" "No, sor," "You won't do, then, I want a married man. The applicant looked crestfallen for moment, and then his countenance I ened again. "Plaze, sor, yez have siveral vountr ladies m the family, have yez not?"" thaUoTu?' 1 '™ dailghtW8 ' but What ' s "Well, then, if yez'll hire mo, Oi'll art married to wan of thiui d s soon as Oi can. A "How Question of Arithmetic. many revolutions is that fly- citizen, to ,. ~tt i "i M V4.l/JJC> ifl wheel making V" said a curious rail, the friction between shoe and rail on dispersion of the film of wnbr usually bet\veen them being quite sufficient to bring the train to a stand-still in a very short timr. Among the special advantages claimed by its introducers for this new competitor as a means of popular locomotion wo havo already mentioned till absence of vibration and jur, together with side-rolling motion; to theso may be addwl the pleasant gliding motion, comparable to sleighing over ice, and the absense of all noise, dust and smoke. The inventors ore sanguine of attaining as high a speed as 120 miles per hour, with the .greatest facility for bringing tho train quickl) to a standstill. These qualifications would appear to eminently fit the gliding railway for WC- vi?e jn cities He C'uulcl Sit ami It, It was Billdn's wedding day and hewas testing his young brother-in-law. "Well, Johny," he said, "I'm goingto take your sistsr 'away off and have her all to myself, where you won't ese her any .more." • "No! Really, are you?" said the boy curiously. iy "Yes, I am. What do you think of it?" "Nothing. I guess I can stand it if you can." * No Wreck Ashore Was ever more hopelessly stranded than 9 wrecked constitution, whether its disaster be the product of some formidable malady, or tlwt slow, premature decaj that teems to fusteu upon some constitutions without apparent adequate cause. An excellent moans of checking this gradual drain of the sources of vitality In the beueflcom tonic, Hosteller's Stomach Bitter*, which promotes digestion, enriches the blood and gives substance as well as stamina to an enfeebled frame i!/»..ti.»M.. n feeWeues* o£ the kidneys and bl»d- todllyiyinwjnu wi the engineer station, "Eighty a minute, sir, neer. "Eighty diameter." "Five foot two. "Lemme see,' j. , * . ' «»f-4«i.ii i 117 or the electrical supply said tho ongi- a minute, eh? What's the the citizen: wheel would be moving pretty • farf if u ware touching the grouncf, Vouidn't it? Thanks " ' "Got a lead pencil? IA moment of scribbling 1 'es-she'd have to . der, fever tmd »gw »nd rheumatism, »re ,«h u iw iwuedte* ptowptlj Ju Ho u* 341 11 —..- _u bo turning at Enough au Good i Young Choteau (from St you think these shirts will YOU'f* •• "•« >-»v Enthusiastic Clerk-Yes, sir, the/ will wear for months and months y Wl11 Jhoteau-Then I will take just oue of ,','5 ow . a f e y9 u coming on at BUWUir lew?, parent of fee in- •*3

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