The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on August 17, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, August 17, 1953
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 126 fiiytheville Courier Blytheville Dally Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI Red Charge t Hurled At Hearing Government Printing Office Worker Named WASHINGTON (AP) — - A government printing office employ identified a fellow worker, Edward Rothschild face-to-face today as a one time member of the Communist party. James Phillips, a bookbinding machine operator, told Senaie investigators that Rothschild has no direct access to secret material in the government printin gpla ntbut could easily get such material from other workers. Phillips confronted the slightly built, pipe-smoking Rothschild at a hearing: by ,\ie senate investigations subcommittee, which is looking for evidence that secret material in the government printing ftffice has been leaked to the Communists. Phillips testified he first met Rothschild in 1938. He identified Rothschild as one ol 25 or 30 per.— sons who attended a meeting in a private home to organize a Communist cell in the government printing office. Answered By Testifying Later, Phillips said, Rothschild and a Fred Sillers approached him on the street and asked him in a "threatening and belligerent" attitude whether he was for or against their efforts to organize such a cell. Phillips said he thought it over and gave them their answer by going before the House Committee on Un-American Activities,, then headed by peD.ies (D-Tex>. and testifying about the whole affair. Phillips also testified he once saw another fellow worker, Bertha Lomax. try to leave the government printing office with" secret | matrial in her pocket. That employe continued to work at the printing office for three months after she was caught, Phillips said. Earlier, a former FBI under^ cover agent identified Rothschild's wife, Esther, as an active worker for Communist party organization in the 1940's. Mrs. Mary Markward of Silver Springs, Md., who said she associated with Communists and reported to the FBI, pointed to Mrs. Rothschild at a Senate hearing and said she "most definitely" knew her in the Communist movement. Under questioning, Mrs. Markward said she could not say. however, whether Edward Rothschild, husband of Mrs. Rothschild, was a member of the party. First Witness Mrs. Markward was the first f witness in public hearings by the i Senate investigations subcommittee into alleged leaking of secret data from the government's printing plant. Chairman McCarthy R-Wis 1 said at the outset the matter is one of alleged espionage." "If the testimony that has •given previously (in secret session) is true, then there is a very serious question of espionage," McCarthy said. McCarthy, who had left the capital after Congress adjourned Aug. 3, returned last week to take testimony behind closed doors from n score or so of witnesses, including See MCCARTHY on rage s APPOINTED — Robert Upton, a Concorad, N. H. lawyer, was named by Gov. Hugh Gregg (Aug. 14) to the U. S. Senate seat vacated by the recent death, of veteran Sen. Charles W. Tobey. Upton, a Republican, will serve until January, 1955. (AP \Virephoto) Uneasy Peace Settles Over Morroco 35 Die in Bloody Riots Over The Weekend CASABLANCA, Morocco I/PI — French soldiers and police kept an uneasy watch over the main cities of Morocco today, seeking to avoid new outbreaks of violence over religious leadership of the North i African protectorate. Thirty-five persons died in bloody riots over the weekend. The lighting followed a proclamation Saturday by some 300 Berber chieftains and the Pasha of Marrakech, Thami el Glaoui, that the Sultan of Morocco, Sidi Mohammed Ben Youssef. no longer Was the religious leader of the Moslem country. They named as imam—"leader of the faithful"—the Sultan's uncle, Moulay Mohammed Ben Arafa. backed down, however , from a previous decision to install him as the new sultan. The sultans previously have been considered both the temporal and spiritual rulers of the country. The move against Sidi Mohammed touched oif riots in Marrakech Saturday night which claimed seven lives. Sixteen move deaths were reported from Oujda. eastern Moroc- Ico, yesterday and 12 from Casa- Iblanca. A curfew was installed in , Oujda. and communication by tele- Communist i pllone a!ld telegraph was cut off. All the demonstrations apparently were set off by supporters of the nationalist-minded Sultan. Trouble developed when the police tried to BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, AUGUST 17, 1953 TEN PAGES Mutual Security Report— Allies Need More Self-Help, Says Ike By D. HAROLD OLIVER WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower told Con jress today Western nations should strive for greater self- lelp toward collective security because American aid "can not do the whole job." His report reviewed the mutual -ecurity program for the six months ended last June 30. It said Soviet Russia continues a serious hreat to peace and that U, S. iid to check Communist expansion iow is shifting in emphasis from Surope to Asia and the Pacific. "While it is clear that "the trength needed by other free na- ions cannot be developed and laintained without substantial imerican assistance, the report eclared, "ti is equally clear that mutual security program alone annot do the whole job. "Other measures are necessary, nd it is important that the mutual ecurity program and our foreign elations as a whole be conducted n such a way as to facilitate the aking of these measures." Ratification of the European efense Community Treaty, trade xpansion, and greater investment private capital in underdevel- 3ed countries were three steps the resident mentioned. Emphasis Shifted Eisenhower limited his own re- rks to a two-sentence letter of ansmittal saying America's safe- is "inextricably tied in with the curity and well-being of other ee nations." By forwarding the port to Congress, however, he dorsed it in effect. The report said during the cur- nt fiscal year ending June 30, 54, the Foreign Operations Ad- nistratlon (PDA), which recent. absorbed the Mutual Security Agency, will have 56.600.000.000 to spend or obligate, including 4^2 billions of new money. "In drawing up the new fiscal year's program," it said, "emphasis was shifted more toward Asia i and the Pacific. Including the special assistance for Indochina, about 37 per cent of the new funds I for the 1854 program will be for i a, compared with 14 per cent the previous fiscal year. The European program will drop from 73 per cent of the total funds in 1353 to 50 per cent in 1054." "The Soviet Union retains the capacity for aggression," the report declared, "and it has demonstrated aggressive intentions on numerous occasions in the recent past. Its future intentions remain an uncertain quantity." Military Shipments Increased The report said American military shipments were about 70 per cent higher in value in the fi;;st six months of 1953 than in the previous half year. Western Eu rope's production of military item increased four-fold for the year ended last June 30 over pre Korean levels. But this is not enough, the report said, adding America's "partner nations" can constitute a tremendous asset to free world security only if they are "healthj suong and progressive." The foreign aid program, it as serted, must be buttressed by: 1. A greater degree of coopera tion among Western European na «ons. nicluding early ratification of the treaty creating a European Defense Community. 2. Expanding trade among thfse nations. 3. Greater investment of private capital abroad, especially in underdeveloped countries. SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS C\R DEMOLISHED Bl HIGH HINDS-1ms auto wa sin-shed Aug. 13) when a solid concrete wall of a boat house at the yacht >asm !n Morehead City, N. c. crumbled from high winds Several rees were blown down during the first hurricane to hit this season AP Wircphn(o) City Attorney Declares: 'Itinerant Merchants Ordinance Will Discourage New Business Russia Seems Assured Of Parley Seat Western Resolution Tosses Participation Issue to Reds By MAX HARREI.SON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) _ Russia appeared as- -uied today of a seat at the forthcoming Korean political conference _ if her satellites North Korea and Comnamis China want her there. India's chances of being asked to the parley dimmed, however. fa e chant ordinance rather than to Encourage Hew~bu S rnVs^tai;«sU in Bfylhevllie.- •*• In taking a stand on the "tends to discourage Investigation Of Ice Box Continues Children Had Been Threatened Twice, Deputy Sheriff Says The Sultan lashed back at El Glaoui yesterday. In a communi- que, he proclaimed himself the "only sovereign of Morocco and its only spiritual chief." He claimed a separation of temporal hppn antl spiritual power was contrary ° e ™ to Islamic law. Japanese Prince on Tour STOCKHOLM. Sweden W — Con- WEST MEMPHIS, Ark. MPI — ,4 deputy sheriff says a man recently twice threatened the lives of five children found dead in an old ic< box. Deputy Gladstone Williams said, "We plan to do a lot more checking on this point." He declined to identify the man. j Earlier yesterday the father 'A- year-old J. A. Hallman, told newsmen he was sure the children v.ere I "murdered" because there were I too many "funny things" involved His wife agreed. Said Hallman: "I may die before I find out. But I'll never believe those kids crawled in there by themselves. I think they murdered." And his wife: "I think they were put in there." Crittenden County Coroner T, H. [McGough said the children were - on the new* ordinance, Mr. Johnson said he had been called by many persons who requested him to do so. The ordinance, submited by request of several Blytheville businessmen, is a sweeping regulation setting forth numerous requirements which must be met by any merchant planning to set up a new business here. Proponents of the ordinance say it is aimed at keeping "fly-by-iiiRht" merchants Lured here by reactivation of the air base. Mr. Johnson said that a Council committee appointed to study the ordinance sought his opinion of it. "The chairman of this commit•?• reQtiM>4 my "n-tntn in s 'ie Diplomats, gathering for the ing this afternoon, freely predict' d approval of a carefully worded Western resolution tossing the is- ue of Soviet participation to the Communist side. Two British Commonwealth ountries—Australia and New Zeal nd—came up with this formula esterday to patch up part of the split between the United States and Britain. Both agreed to support it The Anglo-American differences over the proposed inclusion of India at the conference table, however, remained as great as ever, and it was doubtiul whether India could win a two-thirds majority in the 60-nation Assembly. U. S. Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. said frankly yesterday that the United States would not vote for a British-sponsored resolution to include India in the conference. Lodge * insisted Indian * member* German Unification Urged by Moscow WASHINGTON (AP) _ Russia suggested last night that Germany be reunified — and severed from military ties with the West — m what Western diplomats generally regarded as a propaganda move aimed at the overthrow of the Adenauer s Bonn government which faces popular elections on bept. 6 and, as diplomats here read the Russian proposals Mos " ' .i. " Reds Defend Yank Converts ed skull and reported her condition as fair this morning. --- -. At the time of the tmumg his Europeon tour, Japan's j girl was riding with a group of Crown Prince Akihito arrived here i teen-agers in her mother's car by plane from Oslo last night. " ' ~ Memphian Injured in Beating By 2 Prisoners in Jail Here TOKYO (Pi — The Red Peiping • T. M. Merriweather of Memphis, i who he has known for several radio put up a stout defense today : smoking accessories salesman, who j years posted SP1 75 bond for him for "progressives" — American ; travels this territory, was being! Mr. Merriweather said prisoners who collaborated with treated in Walls Hospital today Although he said he doesn't know the Reds in North Korean POW i for injuries he said he received which two of the four beat him, Luxom Girl Hurt in Fall From Auto LUXORA — Patricia Permenter, 14, daughter of Mrs. Inez Permenter of Luxora, was injured Saturday night when she fell from a moving car on a downtown Luxora street. After receiving emergency med-i apparently ical treatment at a local clinic, ; Wednesd-iv wi she was later transferred to Bap-ii^j ..„„ ,-,, I , list Hospital in Memphis by a Swift i''',, „, " Ite ° back against the Funeral Home ambulance. | wall, flipped shut. Death was at- Hospital officials at Memphis | ul J™ tE P to suffocation, diagnosed her injury as a fractur- However, Hallman's oldest - daughter, who arrived home with Mrs - Hallman. Insisted nn old plow At the time of the accident, the' point rested on the ice box lid "Yes. I saw it right on top of - -„-- - — - .. th e ice box as we came up on the which was driven by Tommy Long, i Porch," said 11-year-old Mary El- i a n timcs "How did Hallman. Among widespread rumors of foul play: A neighbor woman was quoted as saying she heard screams coming from the Hallman house the day the children died 1 objectionable because: '«) It will discourage new businesses of all types from coming into Blyihevllle: "2) It is discriminatory and in my opinion un-enforceable; "3) There are sufficient ordinances on the books now which control itinerant merchants; and. ' "4) Many of the provisions of the ordinance are unreasonable." Included in the ordinance are provisions requiring a merchant to'months, submit to the city dcil: three let-I Moscow . , ters of recommendation and'or oth- ; were | er evidence of reputation, data on! nature, quality and invoice value of , : ' ? Ifu V f s ^"""£'''"'1 it could to assure its overthrow by holdin'ff out-hofie'for-esrly unification of East arid West Germany. The most Important question in Europe, the Moscow radio said, is the "peaceful reunification of Germany and the conclusion of a peace treaty with it." In notes delivered in Moscow to the United States, Brilain and ! Prance, the Kremlin urged iinme-j diate creation of a provisional all-i German government. It also urged the Wi-sti-rn Big Three to support a peace conference on Germany of "all interested parlies" within six Reds Release simultaneously called f °r an end to German reparations by next Jan. 1, and it summoned , 'ts East German puppets to the all goods, all advertising comtem- j Kremlin for talks ........... . plated and accounts of the previous | The all-oermnn "ovornment pro week's business. A deposit of $25 to J posed to replace the Adenauer re- defray investigation costs and a $1.- t gime nnd the Red-controlled East ship would not be in accordance with the terms of the armistice agreement, which, in the U s view, calls for representation only of fighting participants in the con- ihct. India had only an ambulance unit in Korea and has frequently claimed neutrality. India Might Withdraw Some diplomatic quarters predicted that India might withdraw her name in view of the strong U. S. opposition. Indian delegate V. K. Krishna Menon already has declared his country is not a "candidate" for a place at the conference. The resolution on the participa- ion of Russia merely calls on the Assembly to recommend that the Soviet Union take part "provided the other side desires it." Lodge contended this was in Una with his repeated demands that Russia must go as a representative of the Communists, if she went at nil. He has insisted' that Russia could not sit on the U.N. side or as a neutral. British diplomats feel that tha Russians would not go to the con- erence as representatives of the =tert countries, which have been branded as aggressors by the U.N. This new formula, however does lot say specifically that Russia vould be on one side or the other ind it was felt by the British that it might be acceptable to all concerned. Two Other Resolutions The only immediate objection came from Col. Ben Limb, South Korea's representative at the U.N make . -nroe ast OM surety bond also are required.! German government, would be as- lid, which | This ordinance governs new busi- • " ness for the first fix months and : iion the task of devising an eleo- law which would permit after that they are regulated only free elections throughout Germany. by the existing privilege license ordinance. In connection with his opinion on the new ordinance, Mr J Moscow called for "wide participation by democratic organizations" —obviously a reference to the Communist Free German Trade Union "" i""- iti-i-v v<i uitiau*. c, ,vu .Kimiiiuu - - ••-*-• '-"-•' in.iii i i tiuu uilIUJl ; "v t'l oilf? InJl'd 01 tno ' | cited the stale law that sets out the : Federation and other Red-control]- have said they held' He said ths r^olutloi. ,,.,„„. a „,„„ Plain that Russia would represent the Communist side. The Assembly also had before it two other resolutions drafted in private meetings by the 16 coun- ries which fought under the U N banner in Korea. One expressed satisfaction with the armistice lerms and paid tribute to the soldiers who fought in the conflict The other, dealing with general Plans for the political conference recommended: I. That all 16 U.N. allies, .plus South Korea, be .invited to the conference. It was expected about 10 would accept. 2- That the United Slates arrange, after consulting with both sides, the time and place of the conference. Under terms of the armistice agreement, it must open bc'tore Oct. :>8. - -— ••"— *"L- vuimnti- •*• ''hnt countries participating rusts freed 400 Allied war prisoners ! in tne conference should be bound today—73 of them Americans—and I onl >' b . v decisions and agreements promised their biggest shipment of I to which they had adhered This the Korean POW exchange for to- I i" c '»<'Ct. would Rive a veto to any morrow—150 Allied captives includ- Ing 75 Americans. Today's group brought the total of Americans returned to 1 105 just over one third of the 3 313 the Reds Largest Shipment Of Exchange Promised Tomorrow PANMUN.TOM i.iv-The Commii- country directly involved in carryout agreements or decisions the conference. duties of a city atrnrnev. which, he said, "I stand ready to fulfill at it get there?" asked i camps. j when two prisoners in the County "United States authorities are'Ja" herc Dent him Thursday night, preparing to persecute repatriated! Sheriff William Berryman said American POWs who tell of good j today that four young prisoners treatment during their capture." i who had been housed in a large the radio said in a broadcast heard ! "runway" with other inmates de- inied the.beating incident but were iicre. Mr. Merriweather obtained names of all four from the jail! records. He said they were George: Barber, Joe Blankenship, Iva Ken- ( nedy and Jimmie Brimhall. . physician said today that Mr. | nter Heads PMA County Group ed groups. Limit Occupation Payments Rtissi? offered to give up more It reads: "It shall be the duty of than three billion dollars worth of the city attorney to represent, the City in all cases of a rnnmia! nature and in all civil proceedings; to which the city shall be a party, and shall represent the city whenever, in the opinion of the city Council, the. services of an attorney are required. "The city attorney shall at all j times advise, without charge, the j officials of the City ricurine Ins arl- ,-- — " ~>~ ! Merriweather had several bruises "They are branding those reluct-! p laced m seperate cells the follow- Jon his body but that x-ray ex- ant to invent mistreatment stories • ln |, mornin S- animations to determine extent of, .. n ...,.,„, ,,. V i;iu ••- of the four prisoners, all!his injuries had not been complet-i '"rcc-man county committee in as traitors and are trying bv every! possible means to obtain from the i c . , _ ' Manle - v Carpenter of Osceola was ", cl ™'rman of the Production *"" Marketing Administration's vice and shall furnish written options upon any question oi law, being requested to do so by resolution of the Council." German manufactures now earmarked for her from East Germany, while proposing that reparations payments end by Jan. 1 and liial the T!;R four powers limit Ger- jinan payment for their occupation COMS to 5 per cent of the annual : revenue.* from East nnd West Germany. . WVs.t Germany, with 48 million , people, and the Red-ruled Eastern .sector, with 18 millions, have been .separated since the See BIO TOUR The Reds also freed 75 British. 250 South Koreans, 1 Japanese who had served with U. S. forces as a houseboy. and a Japan-horn Ko-i sl>v rean who said he served with South 7 Traffic Cases In C:ty Court Korean Army although he was released as a civilian. The Americans nnd Briti'.h jumped briskly from the Red trucks that rolled them down from the Red grouping center at Ka,-song. They laughed as thev moved into the Allied tents. They appeared in good health. As the Allied prisoners \v,-re , handed over, trtlckloads of Coin- end of World j munist POWs rolled north s jr.«inL- on Pa Re 3 I See, I'OWs on Pai;.' '( n cli w inclu chare;.< of drivin: j Influence of info:- charcc of reckless driu ! rharoe of sneertm::. ! I.i'ilme Baki-r and T \vea:her \\vre tmmri -IM;, fl s :jf drivim; wh;!t in ;-, each wa.s fined $luo and -4 iu,urs in .laii. Willie Blackmnn was fined ne M. Merri- y on charg- ca;ed and ro.,ts plus u .. ~~ * ---------- • ** tria flt d - -- -- - .•- ,, U i (1 ,,i nu,,! mu ! ~ .. ° — f ', -••-•" "••«' no me cu. MI. weiriweauier repatriates evidence against them " fa " te , rm of ,. Clrc ult Court, beat him i hospital this morning. for about five, minutes after one ", Hurricane Claims • Second Life of them demanded his money Mr Merriweather said last night , onle , ulu lnat ne lou He said he had only a little more I to the cell since he had than SI.50 with -him at the time with him at the time and gave them that. He said an- .in.-^-, . - —--..,.. i,M.iuiin,Lce Hi an entered the! e!cc t'°n conducted Friday by dele- i sates to an Osceola meeting' He said the jailer had asked' H. C. Knappenberger of Blvthe- him to leave his money in the jail : vllle was elected vice chairman' and safe, but that he took it with him Alex Curtis of Manila !!„ iu_ ~_ii ..— u- v.j sf) unit.. member. 2,018X-Ray Here in Week Rhee Believes U.S. Will Resume Fighting if Peace Talks Fail Barbara ga in claimed a f tother prisoner told him he prob- jably was beaten because "he didn't have more money on him." A Another prisoner told him. he said, that these same Inmates had beaten him four days in a row"! Sheriff Berryman snid he had re- Two alternates were designated lor the PMA committee. C. P. Tonipkins of Burdetle is first alter- Whi rf\ ha l be £ n knocked » cr °ss 'he fists, mums mm tw.ce on the ITr? hL»,f hu( TT winds - The I and the rest of the time about the p^iranTjlXas 1 elec^ ^^ "' d ' SPlayed brU ' S " "« cuted. It was his first clay on his new Job with the Princess Anne County sanitation department Norfalk's first hurricane victim died on the day of the big blow Friday, In a similar fashion. Talbot ..... ,. . -,—• w "h their j had planned »n escape which/'was hitting him twice on the head! foiled when officers got word of It. Mr. Merriweather said a companion with whom lie was arrested . by the blows. The Memphis man, who resides at 1517 Waverly there, said he was arrested Thursday night by county officers on a charge ol driving while Intoxicated. He entered rrmay in a similar fashion. Talbot pi,.,, of guilty Friday morninK and Duffy Barrow, 42, a Norfolk county I he case was continued when he policeman, was killed when he'posted bond. The bond was de c-"ic In <•-" •-!. w-'h n Mr'i-ter.-on cl.-red forfeited In Municipal Court wre while onswrlng nn cmergcn-, S.Murdny. ' cy call. A Blythcvlllt drug itort «WDW was not beaten but was "kept awake all night by a cold water treatment." This was the first time he has been arrester in the 28 years he has been traveling this territory, Mr. Merriwealher said. He owns his own sales business. Once, he said, he was arrested for public drunkenness in Mcm- phii and fined »u. Fishing Rodeo Prizes Shown A portion of the to be awarded at the annual Children's PishlnR Rodeo to be held at Wnlk- Chest x-rays of 372 persons Friday swelled the total number made in the current visit hen- of lii,- mobile x-ray unit of the Ttibrr<'i:!', •.»• Association and Arl;ai:s,i' :••>„•,• iv- partment of Health to n.i::8. I.a-.t week's total was 2,018. Today and tomorrow are i).i> li- nal days of the clinic here Volunteer registrars Friday '.ure M.irv Rroke, Mrs. Joe Warret, Mrs K. '.', Lambert. Mrs. J. H. Chiliir'-s-. Mis Rex Warren, Mrs. C O Hctiman, : '" Mrs. Victor Stilwcll. Mrs. Edward in ° Eaves, Mrs. Bill Stovall, Jr. Mrs WASHINGTON iff — President Syngman Rhce of South Korea said today he believes that If the Ko[ roan peace talks fail "the United .Stales will resume the fight to accomplish the common objective" ol nnilyiiii! his embattled country. His statement, made in a copyrighted interview with the magazine U. S. ^!c\>.s and World Report, came in the wake of one by Walter K. Robertson that the United States has: not mapped out a specific course of action if it Is necessary for the Americans to walk out of peace talks. Robertson is the assistant fecre- John Holland, Mrs. Horace W:i];«ile 'ury of Mate who, as personal anti Mayor Dan ett said fina Hemingway Gets Award sponsored affair . a re now made. Chief of Police' will direct the program! FrVe re frcBhmenti »• to k» terved. PONTREMOU. Italy ,f m " Hemingway's Idlest no.,' Old Man nnd i'v fici. 1 v • (-d Italy's 1(133 Bnnca.dl: award today. : representative of President Elsen| hower, persuaded Rhee ; »ot to ob- :Mrutt the truce, lie agreed that I this government will quit the peace talks In 90 days: if it appears that ,. S |llhe Reds are not negotiating In •}•.,. ':i>od faith. Robertson, tn an NBC television , iv .nlorview y osier day, said the | United States hns not agreed with. Rhee to help him In resuming hat- tie unless the Communists break the peace first. Rhce. In the magazine interview, declared: 1. "I believe the United States will resume the ftch' i accomplish the commoi (of a unified Korea, h, U. S. honor and fuiur will be at stake. You United Stales is honor reunify Korea." 2. South Korea may leave (he peace talks in less tune than 90 days "if it is apparent the Communists have no intention of asrce- ing to the fundamental requirement and merely intend tn ibe the conference for w.oiu slander and propaganda." 3. "I have informed President Elsenhower that under no circumstances will we accept any netl- i trallzation of Korea. All this would mean would bn that we would Ivivr lo lay down our arms and see our See RHEE on I 1 ; Weather hours to fi.30 M,':ui teiiipi'ni..... IU,;h rind lo\vt- SCi.'i I'MTlplHtlon .I;ill •rim n.n,. Mhilnvim v< ; M.'.Mnmm i P 31.M. •rlpltaUoo uiry J to tints —

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